M. (Paul) Rapin de Thoyras.

The history of England : written in French (Volume 1) online

. (page 187 of 360)
Online LibraryM. (Paul) Rapin de ThoyrasThe history of England : written in French (Volume 1) → online text (page 187 of 360)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook

tage of England, under the Conduct of Chandos, who
commanded in Saintonge and Poiflou, and maintained
his Mailer's Affairs in thofe parts in a flourifhing Con-
dition. But this brave General being {lain at length in a
Battle (2), they began to decline in tliefe two Provin-
ces (3).

Guienne was in no better flate. The Prince of
Wales, who, becaufe of his Illnefs, could do little more
than give Directions, faw hirrifelf extremely weakened by
the Revolt of the chief Towns depending on his Prin-
cipality of Aquitain. Limoges, a City of great impor-
tance, was furprized by the French, or rather defired to
change Matters. The Difloyalty of the Inhabitants fo
incenfed the Prince, that he refolved to make them an
ibthbM- Example. To that end, having received a Supply of
Troops, brought him by the Duke of Lancajler and the
Earl of Cambridge, he befieged the Town, took it by
Storm, and put all the Inhabitants to the Sword.

This was the lad warlike Exploit of that great Prince,
whofe Diftemper obliged him to be carried in a Litter.
At laft, finding himfelf utterly unable to aft, he re-
folved to return into England. He had ftill fome fmall
hopes, that his native Air would reftore him to his
Health. After refigning to the King his Principality of
Aquitain (4), which he could no longer govern, he de-
parted, leaving the Command of the Army to the Duke
of Lancajler. Before his Departure, he had the Vexation
to fee Edward his eldeft Son die (5), in the feventh Year
of his Age. He was a Prince of great Hopes, and feemed
much more like his Father and Grandfather, than his
younger Brother Richard, who fucceeded them. The
Prince of Wales took his Son Richard with him, in order
to have him educated in England.

David King of Scotland died laft Year (6), leaving
ScotS <J ' his Crown to Robert Stuart llis Nephew, Son of his eldeft
krbert Stu- Sifter. Robert was no fooner on the Throne, but he made
mtfomedi. an Alliance offenfive and defen.fi ve with France againft Eng-
a'c^pX ^ aml - But this League was kept fecret, Charles not ha-
vi. p. 096. ving then occafion for this Aid, which doubtlefs he referved

for a more urgent Occafion (7).
IbeDukeof 7-]^ Departure of the Prince of Wales entirely ruined
\^dIu"of the Affairs of the Englijh in Guienne. The Duke of
Lancajler and Earl of Cambridge, perceiving that with
fo few Troops they could not hope to reduce the re-
volted Towns, or effectually withftand the French, refolved
to return into England to follicite frefh Supplies. Before
they departed, they married the two Daughters of Peter
the Cruel, King of Cajlile, expelled and flain by Henry
his Baftard-Brother. The Duke of Lancajler efpoufing
Conjlantia the eldeft, immediately affumed the Title of
King of Cajlile and Leon, thereby fhewing, he defigned
to profecute his Wife's Right (8). This Proceeding obliged
Henry to unite more clofely with France. As it was his
VI. p. 698. I ntere f| t0 ne ]p as much as poffible to humble England, he
Fro'iirart, refolved to affift Charles with all his Forces.
I. r. c. 290. About this time the Flemings, who had declared for


tantsput tc
lbs Sl'Jord.

Tit PrillCt



He returns
tt England.
Aft. Pub.
VII. p. 6.
c. 23;.

Deatb of

marry ibe
two Daugb-
Cert of Peter
the Cruel.

funles the 'ti-
tle of King


Aft. Pub.

France, were defeated at Sea by the Earl of Hereford, who 1 172.
took fix and twenty of their Ships.

But this advantage could not balance thofe gained by Gnetlm
du Guefclin upon England in Guienne, and the neighbour- f'f't'
ing Provinces. This brave Genera!, whom Charles had Er.glifts.
drawn from the King of Cctjlile's Service, to make him
Confiable of France, beat the Eng/ijh every where. Af-
ter driving them out of Limofin, Pcrigord, and R.overgne,
he carried his Progrefs fo far, that he found himfelf able
to march into Saintonge, and at length to lay Siege to n-l-'-.-n
Rochelle, with the Affiftance of a Fleet font by the Kin:: u
of Cajlile, to block up the Town bv Sea. When Ed-
ward received this News, he fpe'edily lent the Earl of
Pembroke with forty Ships to throw Succours into the
Town. This Precaution feemed fufficicnt to fave Rj
chelle ; but for fome time nothing had profpered with
the Englijh. The Earl of Pembroke (9J being about to UeEarlef
fail into the Port, met the Spanijli Fleet, commanded by Pontaoke
Admiral Boccanegra a Genotjc, who fiercely attacked him. J,]
The Fight lafted two days, and ended at length in the Walfing.
entire Defeat of the Englijh Fleet fioj, the Admiral and f 101 "^"-
many Officers being taken and lent bound into Slam. '.' .' ',„._
This Lofs compleated the Ruin of the Englijh Affairs.
Rochelle however might have flil! held out, had it not been
for the Treachery of the Mayer (11). This Magiflrate, Rochelle
who held intelligence with the Beiiegers, found means to '" '
caufe the Garrilon to be drawn out of the Citadel, under
colour of a Mufler, and by means of a forged Order of
the King, which the Governor (1 2) not being able to read,
took for real. When the Garrifon was come out, the
Mayor fhut the Gates, and would not feffer them to re-
enter. Whereupon the Town capitulated, and obtained
fiich advantagious Terms (13), that file rather became free
than changed Sovereign.

The Lofs of Rochelle alarming Edward's Adherents in Cuefclia

thofe parts, du Guefclin improved his advantages. He J.'1'Z"
1 1 • r. • J 11 1 r i P ^r-. Thouars.

marched into roidou, where he took feveral 1 owns, FroifTart,
and at length formed the Siege of Thouars, where the '• '• e. 303.
principal Lords of the. Country were retired. The Siege
was fo vigoroufly carried on, that the befieged were at laft
forced to capitulate, and promife to return to the Obedi-
ence of France, if the King of England or one of his
Sons did not come before Michaelmafs, with an Army
ftrong enough to give Battle. Such Capitulations were
very common in thofe days, when good Faith was more
efteemed than at prefent. Accordingly, they are no longer
pradtffed. The Lofs of Thouars was of too great Confe- Edward
quence to leave that Place un-relieved, efpecially as the' r '""" /J "
King's Honour was concerned. Edward's extreme defire j^„[
to fave that Town, and with it the reft of PoiStou, caufed Ite'd.
him to ufe his utmoft endeavours. In a very fhort time Wa "" 1 '>'
he afiembled a Fleet of four hundred Sail (14), with
which he would have gone in Perfon to raife the Siege (15).
But the Winds conftantly refilling to affift him on this
occafion, all his endeavours proved fruitlcfs. He was fix
Weeks at Sea, without being able to reach Poiclou. At
laft he was forced to return to England alter great Fatigues
and a vaft expence, which almoft drained his Treafury.
He was fcarce come to London when he heard the FrenJ-
were mafters of all Poiclou (16).


(1) She died on the i 5th of Auguji 1259, having been married two and forty Years, aad was buried in the Chapel of the Kings in WeflminJijer. Alley
under a fair Tomb of black Touchftone, with her Portraiture thereon of Alabafter, About her Monument were placed the Figures, arid nov rem.'in the
Shields of Arms carved and painted of rhirty illuftrious Perfons. Among other works of Charity, ihe contributed largely towards the building and Endowing
of Queens College in Oxford, founded in 1340, by Robert Egleifeld, her Chaplain and ConfefTor.

(2) In a fmall Rencounter he received a wound in the Head, of whirh he died two Days after. Fro'Jfarc, 1. 1. c. 269 About that time Sir R:-

birt Kttellei was lent with an Army into Frame, and waited that Kingdom from Calais to Parii. lb. c. 276, 279. U'a'f.T, p. 1S4. Renter's Fred.
Tom. VI p. 6;-;.

(;) In the beginning of this Year, the King was in fo great want of Money, notwithstanding the large Aids granted him bv his Parliaments, that he bor-
r •. d great Sums of Monty from Merchants and Perfons of Eftatcs. Waif. p. 184. Rynur's Feed. Tom. VI. p. 653.
{4) Which he did on OSob. 5. 1372 Ibid. Tom. 7. p. 6.
(5) In the beginning of January, Fniffarc, 1. 1. c. 2X5. (6) On the 7th Day of Jane, Buchan. I. 9.

(7) A Parliament met this Ye^r at London, on February 24. wherein the Laity granted tile King fifty thoul'and" Pounds to be levied out of every Paiih
in the Kingdom (except the County cf CbeJIer and the Church Lands) which was afterwards, in a Great Council at Winebejler held this Summer, lettled at
the rate of one hundred and lixtecn Shillings out of each Parilh. the larger to contribute to thole of lefs Value. The Clergy ailb granted then a feparate
Aid of fifty thoul'and Ptunds more for ot,e Year: And all this for the War in France. Roc. Pari. 4; Edttr. III. A'. 1. 6, -. Cotcon'i Abridv. n. m
Stvw't Ann. p. 268. Waif. p. 186. *

(8) Pedro King of Cajlile, when he came to implore the Affiftance of Prince Edward, brought two young Daughters wilh him, who were left as
Pledges tor their Father's Performance of the Conditions agreed on between him and that Prince, which their Father tak ng no care to perform, and being
killed not long after, the young Ladies were left upon Prince Ed'.vard's Hands. When they came to Women's Eftate, the Duke of Lancaftir. was jdvi.cd
to marry the Eldeft, being deem d the true Hcirel's to the Crown of Ca/lile, and the Earl of Cambridge married Ij'abjla the youngeft.

(9) Who was appointed the King's Lieutenant in Guienne: And at the fame time the Duke or Lancafler was ordered to invade France by the liie of
Picardy, with a iaig- Army. Fiij/art, J. I. c. 294, 295. Rymer, Tom. 7. p. 7, 13.

(10 1 1 his Defeat happened m Jun, 23. Thcie was in one of the Ships taken by the Encmv, twenty thoul'and Mark: in ready Money to pav tl-.s Army
IrolJJarc. 1. I. c. 29;. Walfing. p. 186. '

( 11). Jobn Candoner. Fmjart, c. ,301. (12) Philip Marfel. Ibid.

(13) The Conditions were : That their Caftle, which commanded the Town, fhculd be raaed ; and that they fliould have a iVint allowed them. They
alio obtained a Charter of their Privileges and Liberties, in as ample manner as they defired. Ibid. c. 302.

(14) And gathered a large Army together, about three thoufand Lances, and ten thoul'and Archers, by lbmmoning all Men to come ready armed to SanJ-
tc.cp, aud otter Parts. Fr;iJ/art, J. 1. c . 303.

(ij) He failed from Sand'.oich the 31ft of Augufl, or beginning of September, with his Son, the Black Prince, wha was now pretty well recovered ; but
was torced to return to England, in the beginning ot October. See Rymer, Tom. 6- p. 748. Waif. p. 187.

(16) This Year a Parliament met at Wtftmmfier, November 3, and granted the King the former Sublidy of Wool, Leather, and Wool-fells, for two
leais longer. See above, p. 441. Note (2). They moreover granted a Fifteenth for one Year, to be levied as the laft was. The Citizens and Eureeffes
giantedallo, for the fare-conveying of their Ships and Gaods, -


ips and Gjods, a Cuftom of two Shillings upon evciy Tun of Wine, c< ming in or exported out of the Kirg-
ig\ . Slt "! Kn '' ,: in thc Pouncl ot ' a11 thcir Coeds and Merchatidife for one Year. Roc. Purl. 46 Edit: III. J\ . j," 2 , 3, 9. Waif, p 184. Th%
•Vcaralfo Jan. 15. died thc Lord Wallet Manny, and was buried in the Cbartcr-H;uji, which he had founded. Ann. hit only Daughter ar.d Keir wat


Book X.

Ii. E D W A R D III.


' Argent! ci.

[i. i.e. 306.

Aft. Pub.
Vl. p. 698,

The Duke of


£0fl fO

1 1. c. 30S,

A«. Pub.
VII. p. 7.

en , prevented
by a Truce.


I i.e. 311
Act. Pub.

VI. p. 702,
70+, 711,

VII. p. 53.
66-— 81.


Truce pro-
lb. p. S 9 ,

Edward's Affairs profpered little better in Bretagne,
though the Duke his Son-in-law did his utmoft to pro-
mote them. The People were weary ot' War, and
were troubled to fee, that, folely for the Intereft of the
Englijh, they were going to be plunged again into their
late Calamities. On the other hand, the Lords of Bre-
tagne, bribed by French Penfions, oppofed with all their
Power their Prince's Defign.s, and treated as Enemies,
the Troops fent thither by Edward to fupport the War.
In this fituation, the Duke, whofe Heart was entire-
ly Englijh, had it not in his Power to fervc the King
his Father-in-law as he wifhed, or to perform his
late Treaty. Thus embarrailed, he rcfolved to go
himfelf into England, and follicif a Supply capable of
procuring him greater Authority in his own Dominions.
Edward was very fenfible of the Importance of this
Demand, but could not do every thing ( 1 ). He was
obliged therefore to fend back the Duke of Bretagne
with fair Promifes only, whilft he turned all his thoughts
to reftore the Affairs of Guiennc, which touched him
more nearly (2).

Purfuant to his Refolution to make a powerful Effort in
Gafcogne, he affembled an Army of thirty thoufand
Men, the Command whereof was given to the Duke
of Lancajler his Son, ftiled in England, king of Caf-
tile (3). The Duke landing at Calais (4.), travelled
all France without oppofuion, and came to Bourdeaux (;).
From thence he advanced into upper Guicnne, with
Defign to expel the Duke of Anjou, who had taken
feveral Towns. He offered him Battle, which the
French Prince accepted. The time and place were now
appointed; bur the two Generals receiving advice of
a Truce concluded between the two Crowns, both re-
tired (6).

Some time fince, at the prefling Inftances of the Pope,
the two Kings lent Plenipotentiaries (7) to Bruges, where
the forcmentioned Truce was concluded, in order to labour
a Peace more fedately. But the Pretenlions of the two
Monarchs being too oppofite, for a Peace to be fo eafily
made, their Negotiation ended only in a Prolongation of
the Truce to April 1377. As foon as the Truce was figned,
the Duke of Lancajler led back his Troops into Eng-
land (8).

Though the Confequences of this laft War were no
Iefs coniiderable than thofe of the former, fince France
recovered in this, whatever fhe loft in the other, yet,
the particulars are very far from being fo entertaining.
In the firft, Edward's Conquefls were rendered illul-
trious by a naval Engagement, where the King com-
manded in Perfon. The Battle ©f CrejJ'y, where all
the Nobles of both Kingdoms fought in the prefence of
the two Kings, and gained by a Prince of fix teen
Years old, is one of the moft moving Scenes in Hif-
tory. The Conqueft of Calais, in the light of an a Parliament

truly called a Defeat, which affords but few particulars 1376,
proper to fatisfy the Reader's Cutiofity. For this reafon,
I have not inhfted upon a Detail, which mull have been
tedious. It fuffices to obferve, that at the time of the
laft Treaty, England had loft whatever was acquired by
the Treaty of Breligny, except Calais alone. So true is
it, that Acquihtions gained by force of Arms, ought not
to be relied on, as has been, and is daily confirmed by
numberlefs Inftances. Sooner or later, a fuperior Force
finds means to wreft them from the Conqueror, or i
Children. Thus France loft in the Reign of John, what
was conquered upon the Englijh by Philip Augujlut and
St. Leivis, and thus Edward III. loft the Conquefls made
by himfelf in France. We fball lie in the courfc of
this Hiftory, that one of Edward's Si - 1 amply re-
trieved all thefe Loffes; and the Fn tch, in their turn, 1
covered, quickly after, whatever was taken by the fame
Prince. Such Examples, frequently occurring in Hiftory,
ought to teach Princes to moderate their Ambition; but
few are fo wife as to profit by thefe Examples. If we
inquire into the natural Caufcs of thi Ri iti in by wl
Edward loft what he had acquired by the Treaty of Brc-
tigny, they will appear to be vei y obvious. The Revolt
of the Gafcons, the Prince of Wales's Diftemper, Edward's
old Age, his too credulous Reliance on the King of France'::
Sincerity, the Prudence of Charles the Wife, who, with-
out (lining from the Cabinet, managed the whole War,
the Conduit and Bravery of Bernard du Guefelin, were
the Inftruments in the hand of Providence, to produce
this Revolution.

The Englijh were in fome meafure comforted for all Edward
their Loffes, by the Tranquillity enjoyed by the Truce. '
The King himfelf appeared to lay aiide his martial Irii ! , ,
nations, for others, which fomewhat endangered his Re- v.. .
putation. In his old Age he fell in Love with one Alk
Pierce (9). His PaiTion nad Inch an Afcendant over him,
that it made him guilty of VVeaknefles unbecoming fo
great a Prince. The Money raifed for the War, was u
quickly confumed by this gieedy She- Favorite. From '*£*"""*
thence followed an univerfal Discontent throughout the,/, ,'
Kingdom. Wholly employed with pleafing his Mifti
the King thought only of procuring her Diverfions. En- Ac '" :
tertainments were daily made with immenfe Expence.
Taxes were the mote grievous, as the Nation was en-
tirely drained by continual War;. They were extremely
troubled, to fee the Money defigned for the Payment of
the publick Debts, fquandered ■ •■ v in Vanities. Above ,,., .
all, a Tournament held in Smitbf.eld, gave great offence, «
where Alice Pierce, to whom her old Lover had given \" « j
the Name of Lady of the Sun, appeared by his Side in a vey .
triumphant Chariot, and attended by many Ladies
of Quality-, each leading a Knight by his Hori'e's
Bridle. When the King's Coffers were empty, he called Tie rartfo.

Army of a hundred and fifty thoufand Men, is no lefs
capable of affecting the Reader. The Victory of Pile-
tiers, obtained by an Army of twelve thoufand againft
iixty thoufand, and the taking cf Kine John, are
Events which command our Admiration, and quicken our
Attention. In a word, the firft War was ended by
the moft important and folemn Treaty, evci made be-
tween the two Crowns. In the fecond, there was not
one general Action. The two Kings, contenting them-
felves with directing their Affairs in the Cabinet, never
appeared at the head of their Armies. As for the
Sieges, excepting thofe of Limoges and Rochelle, there was
fcarce one worth mentioning. The Towns loft by
the Englijh, were taken or furprized with a wonderful
Rapidity. Some even furrendered before the Enemy's
Approach. The Loffes therefore of the Englijh may be

10) to demand a Subfidy. But he had the "•«•''
mortification to fee that his People, who lo power.ully , anta ff b „
afiifted him in his glorious Undertakings, hr.d not the layorittmd
fame Zeal, to provide for ufelefs Expences. Before the ™™f n '[''
Subfidy was granted, the Parliament bitterly complained A ;, r , . .
of the ill-management of his Minifters, particularly of the wsdfing.
Duke of Lancajler, whom the King his Father had
chiefly intruded with the Administration of Affairs. They
even petitioned the King to remoxe from his Perfon the
Duke* of Lancajler his Son, Alice Pierce (u), Latimer
Lord Chamberlain, and others that were moft in his
favour. This Petition was made with foch warmth,
that the King perceiving he could not reject it without
danger, granted their requcft, leaft in their turn the Par-
liament fhould refufe him the Money he wanted. It was
not queftioned, but the Prince of Wales had privately in-
duced the Parliament to take this Step, in order to re- HoIlingOi.

married to Join de Haftingt Earl of Pembroke. Dvgdalt'i Baron. Vol. II. p. I 50. The if.ilior the fame Month died Hampirey de Blur., Earl of Here.
f,rd, £//'.v, and Northampton, Conftable of England, the tenth of that Name, and laft Male of that noble Family. He left b.hind him o lytwo Pinters,
Eleanor, afterward; married to Thomas of H'oodjock, King Edward's. youBgelt Son ; mi Mary to Henry Earl of Derly, who became Ring, by the name
ei Henry IV. Id. Vol.1, p. 187.

(1) In the Year 1375, having obtained an Aid from King Ed-.ucrd, he failed in the beginning of th- Spring, from England, with three thouland Arcficrs
and two thoufand Men at Arms, and recovered feveral ,f his Towi 8 and Cattle?. Froif. 1. I. c 311. IValf. p. lS3.

(2) This Year, on the 20th of .vlarcb, Sir John Dc-areux marched from Niort, with a conhderable Army to relieve Si-.cray, then befieged by the Frer.cv,
but was entirely defeated. Fro J. 1. I. c. 304.

(3) He was appointed the Ring's Lieuicmnt in Bretagne, by Letters Patent, bearing date JulK 12. Rymer's Feed. Tjtr- 7. p 13.

(4) July 14. Fro;/. 1. I. c. 310. Tyrrel, p-744-
(<> About the beginning ot Ncuemb. Id. p. 74 v

(6) A Parliament met this Year at JVeflminfttr, November 1. which granted the King two Fifteenths, to be paid in two Years ; and alfo of every twent
Shillings of Merchandile coming into the Realm, or going tut, Sixpence far two Year-, except of W<=ols, Skin.-, and Wo-l-'ells. And alfo the Subfidy
of Wools for two Years, upon Condition., that if the Wars ceafid within two Years, then the latter Payments of all their Grants Oiould ccale. Rot.
Pari. 47. EJiv. III. N. 4, 5. Cotton's. ibridg. p. 116. IValj. p. 1S9.

(7) The Er.gltjh Plenipotentiaries were Simon Bifhop of London, Ednund Earl of Mareb ; Richard de Stafford, and Roger de Eeauciarrf, Knights Ban-
nerets ; Simon de Ma'tsn, Dccitor of Laws, and John de Brar.kttrc, Trealurer of Tork. R.ynur'i Fold. Tcm. 0. p. 760.

(X'i In the begioning of July. Froif. i. 1. lyrrell.

(9 j She was one of the Ladies of the Bed-Chamber to Queen Pb-.hfpa. In a Grant to her of fome Jewels belonging to Queen Pbihfpa deccsfed, dated
»t Ifood/lxk, Augufl the 8th, 1373. Ihc is called FtrrmT Rymer's Ford. Tom. 7. p. 18. This is the only Record in the Fnrdera, v.h ch pro.es Ediuara 3
Affeftion for this Lady; a thing Mr. Barnes will by no means allow, for two Reafons, becaule Edward wa> fo cliafte in the Flower of his Age, and becaule
fo noble a Baron as the Lard IVillum fVindjor married her afterwards. .

flo] This Parliament met at H'efltn-.njltr, the Monday after April 23. and granted ihe King the like Snbfrdy of Wool. Skins, and W col-fells, as were
crante.l in the laft Parliament, to laft three Years, from the Feaft of St Michael next enfuing. Rot. Pari. 50 Edv.-. III. A.n, o- K all- y l%a.

tit) She was sccufed of coming into the Courts of Jultice. fitting on the Beech with the Judges, and making, them do as fhc plcafcd. }Valj:ng. p. 189.




Vol. I.

move the Duke of Lancaficr, who was in too great Cre-
dit with the King. As the Prince found he muff, die,
- .i- could not reflect without uncahnefs, that he was going
:o leave his young Son Richard to the Mercy of an am-
bitious Uncle, who mijht ufe his his Credit to take the

take place of them in all publick Solemnities. Thus did i;-;,
that wife Prince take meafures to prevent the DifTentions,
which might arife after his death in his Family, concerning
the Succeffion ; pleafing himfelf withal in honouring the me-
mory of a Son he had tenderly loved, and perfectly efteemed,
Crown from him. And indeed, Richard, by reafon of by doing Juftice to young Richard (7).
his Youth, was incapable of oppoling the Duke's Defigns, Whilft thefe things were tranfadting at Court, John IrKitlan

• n cafe they fhould tend, as it was fufpedted, to the pro- Wickliff, Doctor of Divinity in the Univerfity of Oxford, vrtcklifi".
curing himfelf to be declared the King's prefumptive Heir, began to publifh his Belief upon feveral Articles of Reli- Willing.
.titer the Death of his elder Brother. This obliged the gion, wherein he differed from the common Doctrine. St
Prince of Wales to feek, for his Son, the Protection of Pope Gregory XI, being informed of it, condemned fome


A general

Aft- Pub
VII. p- 1
Death of


U alflr.g.

the Parliament, as the only means to fupport him in his
: uft Rights. For the fame reafon, probably, the Parlia-
ment ( 1 ) petitioned the removal of the Duke of Lan-
cafler. During this Seffion, Edward, now in the fiftieth
"i ear of his Reign, caufed a general Pardon to be pub-
is, lifhed, which pleafed the whole Nation exceedingly.

pear. Accordingly, he appeared, accompanied by the
Duke of Lancajhr, and the Lord Percy, Marfhal of Eng-
land, who believed their prefence neceflary to protect
him. Aftrr he had taken his Place, according to his
Rank, and been interrogated by the Bifhop of London,
he would have anfvvered fitting, and thereby gave ©cca-
fion for a great Difpute. The Bifhop infilled upon his
Handing, and being uncovered, and the Duke of Lancajhr

Online LibraryM. (Paul) Rapin de ThoyrasThe history of England : written in French (Volume 1) → online text (page 187 of 360)