M. (Paul) Rapin de Thoyras.

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the >h ; p's. The Duke being thus taken, was brought •TitoDovrr Road, whe'e his Head was Itruck 1 ft on the Side oT a Cock-boat; and the Head and
B"dy were lert on Dover S^nds, where thfy weie foilr'd by a Chiplain of his, and taken up and buried in (he Collegiate Church ot IVitt^fichl in Sutfolt.
H.i/l, 1.1. icS. Or, accniding toothers, in the Cbarter-notf- ot Ktt^Jl-i upon Hull. Stew', p. 3SS. He was beheaded, 'ays_ Dtig'tale, hlayi. He 'er-
ved twentv four years 'n France, and leventeen without ever r^uirflihe home. He was Privy rjouniellcr lif'een years, a.
H's D<une!s Alice. Daaighter and Heir ul Lbeuctr, .1.1 in 1 j F.J^uiret IV, and was buried at Eirr.'m', in the Chuich
JIj'.i V. I. 11. p. 1 So.

(*) In May chis ve^r. Stovt t p. 3^S.



d a Knight rf :he Garter thiry.
o( li-r own lounci/i^. DttfiiaU's



with



Book XII.






iV



H E N R V VI.






575



1450.



rata Lor.dcn.
Stow.



with (endiiv; after them 1 pstnchmsnt of his Ami", corri-
rmn.iel by Sir HumpBrtf 8t/nfjrd(t). This Detachment
falling into rhtr Ambufh, weris cut in pieces, and the Com-
mander h'imielf loft his Lift! in the Fight (?.).

At the fame time, £W,' began his match towards Lon-
don {-\)y whilft th<- King and toe whole Court haftily re-
tired to Kenehmrih Caftle, leaving a G-irrifon in the Tower,
under the Command of the Lord Scales. Cade's Suctefs
agatnft Stafford increafed his Army with Multitudes, who
flocked from all Parts to join him. The City of London,
either through fear, or fome other Motive, opened her
Gates to the Rebels, and Cade entered as it were in Tri-
umph, at the heid of his Troops. But he prohibited, un-
der fevere Penalties, the offering any Injury to the Inha-
bitants. Next &ay, being informed, that the Lord Say,
High-Treafurer, was in the City, he ordered him to be
apprehended and beheaded (4). Towards the Evening, he
retired to Southward, on the other fide of the Thames,
and continued thus for fome days, to enter the City in
the Morning, and go out again at Night, on purpoib to
take from the Citizens all occafion of fear.
Huar„]bc Cade's Soldiers and the Londoners lived st firft very
SMmatd ""' en< -lly together. Bat at laft, the Soldiers committing
Ciihum. fome Riot in the City, when they would have entered,
Fight on the according to Cuflom, in the Morning (;), they found the

Bridge

Hall.
Stow.



,/«



He a

the High-
l IreaJurer t



Caie 11 de
ferted,



and [lain.
Ad. Pub.
XI. p. 275

p. 185.
Hall.



Bridge-Gate fhut againft them. Whereupon a Battle en-
fued between them and the Citizens (6), which laffed all
day, and ended at the approach of night, by a Ceflation
of Arms till the Morrow. Mean while, the Archbifliop
of Canterbury, and the Chancellor (7), who had taken
refuge in the Tower, obfervin^' by their Spies, and the
Proceedings of the Rebels, that their Hearts began to fail
them, inftantly drew up a general Pardon, put the Great-
Seal to it, ami caufed it ro be proclaimed in the Night,
in Southwark. The pardon produced fo Hidden and fur-
prifing an EffecSt, that, before it was day, Cade found
himfelf deferred by his Followers, and forced to fly all
alone, and conceal himfelf in the County of Suffix. But
the King promiling, by Proclamation, a thoufand Marks
to any Perfon that lhould bring him dead or alive, he was
flain in his retreat (5? j, hy [Alexander lelen] a Gentleman
of Kent, who brought his Body to London (9). The Par-
don under the Great-Seal did not prevent the Execution
of many of his Accomplices (10). Thus ended this dan-
gerous Rebellion, which might have been attended with
worfe Confequences, had it Dcen conduced by a more ex-
perienced Leader (11).
Continuation Whilft thefe things pafTed in England, the War was
cftbeWtr continued in Normandy, but ftill to the difadvantage of
m Norman- t j, e £„^;jj, w The Queen perceiving, the People's difcontent
Kiritl {rmf 1 partly I'prung from the ill Succefs of the Affairs of France,
a Supply had fent fifteen hundred Men ( i z) to the Duke of Somerfet,
from Eng- un j er tne C orn mand of Sir Thomas Kiriel, who landed at
Htmarchii Cherbourg. His defign was to lead his Troops to Caen,
towards where the Duke of Somerfet then was. But as it was dan-
gerous to march with fo fmall a Body, he was joined upon
the Road by feveral Detachments of the Englijh Garrifons
in thofe Parts. The Freich Authors fay, that by this
Junction the Englijh Army amounted to five thoufand
TbeBinlff ^iltn (13), which however is not very likely. Be this
Tourmigni, as it wju th Conftable Rkhemont hearing of Kiricl's

nuberem toe ' <->

E'lgl'fti arc deiign, fpeedilv drew together a Body of feven thoufand
defeated. Men, and went and expected him at Fourmigni, through
Monftrc.ct. w }, icn . he was to pafs. The two Armies engaging, the
Englijh, though interior in Number, long defended them-
felves with great Bravery. But at length, notwithstand-
ing their obflinate reliflance, they were put to rout, and
their General taken Prifoner (14). Upon comparing this
Battle with a certain Prediction of the Maid of Orleans,



Caen
Hall



■i;



that the Englifh fhould be entirely driven out of the King-
dom, by a defeat, much greater than thofe of Orleans
and Patay, one is inclined to believe, ir ic was r.i,: pcrfeftly
infpireJ. For, in the Battle of Fourmigm, the only 61 e
fince John's death, the Englijh, even according to' their
Enemies Computation, were at moft but five tho 1! ind, ami
loft but fifteen hundred (15). However, for the fake of
the Prophecy, the French Writers talk "I the Battle of
Fourmigm in very lofty Terms, comparing it to the moft
famous Battles.

Kiriel\ Reinforcement being defeat".!, the Duke of St- CMr ..,
merfet could no longer withftand the victorious Anns of the'"'
French. It would be needlefs, to g,ve a particular account '/', c ." ? "'' ?
of the Sieges carried on by the French in this fecdrid Cam- dy. °
pain (16). It will fuflicc'to fay in a word, that about the
middle oijAuguft, Charles faw' himfelf matter of all Not
mandy.
and the



The City of Cacr. was inverted the 4th of June, 7;. p. ., .,
2 iff of the fame Month, the Duke of Somerfet -



•fet
capitulated (17), againft the Opinitn of fome of the Offi-
cers, who maintained, it was not yet time. Falqife (18), Monilrefet.
Domfront, and Cherbourg were beiieged at once, and the J- ' •
Campain ended in Normandy with the taking of Cher- ria11 '
bourg (19), which furrendered the I 2th of Augi'Ji. Thus
in two Campains, Charles became martcr of the whole
Province, without one fingle Town remaining in the hand;
of the Englijh.

The Parliament met at IVeflminjler the 6th of K'ovem- Tb . Pct - a
ber, and about the fame time, the Duke of Somerfet having melt ■««.
nothing more to do in France came into England. He W2s *** Dui ' '/
blamed for the lofs of Normandy, and particularly of Caen S

■ 1 — ■ I — ' - * ' r**vt\ tn

where he was accufed of not having done his duty. Thefe
Complaints were fo publickly made, that the Commons Ct " m ' !
could not help taking notice of them. They petitioned /./PL, „
the King, to fend the Duke of Somerfet to the 'J -Aver, that rArSwr*
his Conduct might be examined. Henry not thinking pro-
per to difobiige the Commons at fuch a Juncture, granted
their requeff. The Populace of London were fo tranfported rr, « ,
with Joy, when they heird the Duke was in the Tower, it phndemt
that they immediately rife and plundered his PJace. Tiiev
would have proceeded farther, if th* King had not fpee-
dily put out a Proclamation todifpeife them. Neverthe-
lefs, fome of the moft audacious continued the Tumult,
till one of the moft infolent was beheaded. The Parlia-
ment was no fconer up, but the Duke of Somerfet was re- c f icTt,'*
leafed, and affumed, at Court, the Poll enjoyed bv the ■="• °"rf"
Duke of Suffolk. Pr "" *»<-

The Englijh not having been able to prevent the lofs Ch^w.-*,,
of Normandy, were ftill lefs able to defend Guienne, which f'*-
was more remote. King Charles improving the prefent " Gui '" ne -
Juncture, had now fent his Troops into that Province,
where, this very year, his Generals took Bergerac, Genfac,
Alontfetrand, Chalais, St. Foi, which made but a very
faint Refiftance. The SeTon being very fir advanced,
hindered them from purfuing their Conquefts.

During the Winter, the Earl of Orval, of the Hoiife o(Th,Er,» ,f
Albret, making Inroads to the very Gates of Bourdeaux, 0rv J i " !!!
the iMayor fallied out with ten thoufand Men to attack Banj^lT^
him. flow inferior foever Orval might be in number of Bwudta-jx.
Troops, he flood his ground againft this uri'drfcipiined Mi- w ' t:c '' :
litia, flew great part of them, and took many Prifoners.

In April 1451, the Army of France, commanded by I4 - T
the Baltard of Orleans, Earl of Dun.ois and Longucville, Great fr\-
was forty thoufand ftrong. This General p'r'eferitjy be- .?-/"■/"<
came mafter of Montguion in Sainton*?. Then, Afay the p'." n „ n "
1 6th, he befieged Blaye, and carried it the 21ft. Not Monftreleti
only, there was no Englijh Army in the Field, but more- HaI1 -
over, no manner of appearance, that the Court of Lr.r-
land effectually thought of defending Guienne. The French
General improving fo favorable a Juncture, divided his



(1) V£afin\ bym'ftalcc, calls him the LorJ StaJ/brt/i 'He was a collateral Branch of the Family of Humphrey de StatforJ Duke of Esciire/tjn;.

(2) W.ih his Broiher Wrlhfrin. Hall, fol. 159.

ill And cime 351m ?n^ encamped on B'ack-Dcatb j where the King deputed to him the Archbifliop of Canterbury, and llurrpbrey StaJJcrd Duke of
Bu.itngbam, to know what Propnfih he h?d to make. Ihid.

(4^ "Jamei Fyrret, who. by reafon his Mother was Sifter and Coheir to Wtlhnm de Say. a Defendant of the f'<mer Barm de S~y, wa* created, ze Mer-
ry VI, a Baron, hy the 'f it e ot Lord Say and Seale. He was accufed with the Duke ot Suflt/k about the aflair ot Maire, ard thereupon to appe:fe the
People, was turned cut from being High-Treafurer ; and upon the Clamours t-f the Rebels, was fent 'o the leneer, It m whence they fetched h'fn, and
arragned him at Guild- Haft before the Mayor. He delircd to be tried by his Peers, in order to gain lime j but Code and h's Accomp.ncs, not admitting
Of this dilatory Plea, took him by force trum the Officers, and hurrying him to the Mardard in Cheap, cur eft his Head, uh'ih ttnv fet on a Pole, a-,d
caultfd to re carried b-Vre them aiong the Srieets. Not latisfied with this, they alio dragged his naked Bcdy at a horle's Tail into icutbiuark, where it
was hanged and quatteted. Halt, fol. 160. Dugdalc't Barm. Vol. 11. p. 14j, 246.

(c) July 5- Stcw'i Am. p. T.nr.

\b) AJfllled by the Loid bcalet Keeper of the Tower, and the braee Matthew Cough, who was flain, lla't, fol- 160.

(7) Who was then the Archbilhop of York, viz. 'John tCcmpe. Cotton 1 Abridg. p. 641.

\,%) At Hbtl-flild in Auy/j.v. St^u, p. -92.

t9j He was Itiied Canuiin Mend Alt. AVe-rc'r Ann. p. iS3, 391. He was quartered, and his Head fet up on Ltnd:n Eiidge.

tlo) Twenry-hx Lightat {.anterbury, and the reft elfewrreie. Stmu, p. 392.

(11) There were alio imurrections at the lame time in Hamjb-.re, and particubrly in V''ilt(h;re, where Ji ilham Ajcotb BiihoJ of Sarvm was murdered by
the Mob. Ibitt.

in) Three thoufand, fiys Mvnjirelet, fo'. 26. They took Valongnei fjon after their landing. Ibid. Hall t fo!. 154.

1,13; Petween hit and feven thoufand, according to M<.nJlrclet, foi. 26,

^14) April 18. Idem, t 1. 17.

(it) Three thoufand feven hundred. Ibid. Hall fays, fonr thoufand were flain, and eight hundred taken Prifoners, fol. ltt.

(16) They took Guifcben, Horjieur, Irrfney, Virc,Aar aicbet, lomblame, Baytux, Briauebtc, Vdlongr.ct,'£t. Sauvezir le fitoWe, Sec. Monlrt'tt , fo',
21- ■ ■' -29.

;«7) Through the -smell Intreaties of h's Wifj, who hv! like to have been killed by a Stone-Shot, that felt between her anH her Children. The Duke
of Somrr/rr was not G vernor of, this Town ; fir I he Duke of Turk, the Owner, had appointed Sir Davy hall Ciptaio- General, sir Robe t fere Governor
tf 'he Cattle, and lir Henry Radford ot tie Dungeon, Hit!, fol. 1 s = -

I18) Ot which Andr.iu Irrltep, and Ttomas Cotton Efriuires were Qovernon. Idem. fo!. 156. (19) Thomas (J.r.vile ni Gnennr. Ibid,

Army



57*



The, HISTORY of ENGLAND. Vol. I.



B- urde

and TV



Army into four Bodies, the mod conilderable of which he
c immanded himfelf. He gave the Command of the other
three to the Earls of Folic; Pontievre, and Armagnac. All
thefe Generals made federal Conqucfts with eafe. Libmrn,
Cajlillon, Dacs, Riourc. Bourg, furrendered in a fhort
time. Fronfac, the ftroilgcft Place of the Province, held
nut but three days ; however, the Caftle made a brave
Defence.
ux The Inhabitants of Gmenne feeing themfelves thus de
"fi ferted by the King of England, thought it time to pro-



t^r v,de for' their Safety.



Chirks.
Monilrclei



Guienne



i ft Bay •
onnc ;
Ifbcb is
Jon ',3 to
cjpuulite.



York.



The States of the Province being
allembled at Bourdeaux i:: June, relblved voluntarily to
fubmit to King Charles, and avoid the utter ruin they
were threatned with. Purfuant to this Relblution, they
concluded, with the Earl of Dunois, a Treaty, promifing
to fubmit to the Dominion of the King of France, if be-
fore the 24th of the fame Month, they were not relieved
bv an Army able to give Battle. The French General
could <;rant that Condition without apprehenfion, fince he
was well allured there was nothing ready in England, for
the aflillance of Guienne. The Army not appearing, all
dents the Towns of the Duchy opened their Gates to the French,
Charles, tx- CXCC p t Baronne, which refilled to be included in the Treaty.
This Place, the only one the Englijh had left, was inverted
the 6th of Augujh The Breach being large enough on
the 19th of the fame Month (1), the Befiegcrs were pre-
paring to llorm ; but the Inhabitants faved them the trou-
ble, by riling in Arms, and obliging the Garrifon to capi-
tulate. The French Hillorians fay, that a white Crofs
was feen in the Air, juft over the Town, an evident Sign
of God's Protection to France.
TheCcurfs Whilft the Court of England carelefsly fuffered Guicnne
i,r,,af,r,tjt t0 | ie j j^ tne y g rew extreme) v uneafy with regard to the
cotbtDuh Duke of York. As in the Kentijb Rebellion, Jack Cade
had ailiimed the Name of Mortimer, it was eafy to per-
ceive, his aim had been to found the People's Inclination
to the Houfe of March. Cunfequently it might be in-
ferred, that he had been incouraged bv the Duke of York,
fole Heir of that Family. Indeed the thing was palpable,
but there was no Evidence to convict the Duke, becaufe
Cade was {lain. Befides, in the People's Difpolition with
regard to the Court, thev would infallibly have joined with
the Duke of Yoi k, if, by being publickly attacked, he had
been forced to Hand upon his Defence. Mean while, as
he was iufpected of forming fome Plot in Ireland, and of
intending to bring an Army of Irijh into England, the
King lent Orders to the Sheriffs of If'ales, Shropjlnre, and
Illeffefi of Chejhhe, to be in a readinefs to hinder his landing. This
Precaution produced feveral ill Effects In the full Place,
it lhc-wcd, that the Court was afraid of the Duke of York,
which it would have been proper to conceal, for fear of
giving the People occafton to inquire into the reafon. In
the next place, the Duke found it was his Bufinefs to be
upon his guard ; whereas, if the Court had feigned not
to know his defigns, they might have drawn him into
feme Snare, or given him room to make fome falfe Step,
which would have given them an advantage. In fine,
he was thereby furnifhed with a pretence to complain,
fince he was fo far from being convicted of any Project
againft the King, that he had not taken any apparent Step,
on which an Accufation could be grounded. Accordingly,
he wrote to the King, complaining of this Sufpicion, which
HiiAnfaa, ne feig netjl to 'ook upon as extremely injurious, and as a
mere pretence intended for his ruin. The King fent him
a very civil anfwer, giving him fome fort of fatisfaction,
but revoked not his Orders.
ibi Duke Though Cade's Enterprize had mifcarried, the Duke of

t"f , ft'" ,h " York had reaped the Benefit he propofed. The great
number of People that embarked in it, difcovered how
much the Nation was dilpleafed with the Queen and the
Minillry, and that the Memory of the Rights of the Houfe
of March was not entirely abolifhed. So, inftead of be-
ing difcouraged, he entertained frefh hopes. He judged,
if the Shadow only of one of his Family was capable of
caufing fo great a Multitude to take Arms, much more
would the People be attached to a Prince of the Blood-
Roval, fole Heir of this Houfe. Mean while, not to be
too hafty in the execution of a Project of fuch Confequence,
he refolved, before any thing was attempted, to confult
U,-rc:*rns his Friends. The time of his Government of Ire/and
"> England, being expired, he embarked for England, but when he
Bl< " idl " would have landed in If'ales, found at the Port the Mi-
litia in Arms ready to oppofe him. He landed, notwith-



tte King

orders bit
handing t
be oppejed.
Stow.



this precau.



Vbe Dui.

c.mplaws
the Kim



ib,
defii
(pile of all
dijficu ties.



lie .■■•;, -a

T'iralu'ts
ivith bit
T, lends.
Biondi.



Stow.



Hi retire*

into Wales,
and writes

to tbt King
To reform tbt
Government.

Stow.



fhndinz, at another Place, which was not lb ftronglv guard- 14;!.
ed. He did this the more boldly, as he had only his own
Servants with him, and had yet given his Enemies no hold.
Alter that, he repaired to London, from whence the Court
was gone fome time before in Progrefs to . the weflcm
Counties.

The Duke of York was impatiently expected at London.
His Friends had frequently conferred together in his Ab-
fence, but could not come to any Relblution without
him. His principal Adherents were, John Mowbray Duke
of Norfolk, Richard Nevil Earl of Salisbury, Son-in-law
to the General of the fame Name (2), (lain befoie Orleans,
Richard Nevil his Son, who was fhortly afier Earl of ff'ar-
wick, by his Marriage with Anne Beauchamp Daughter of
the Earl of Warwick who died in France, Thomas Court-
ney Earl of Devonjhire, though Brother-in-law of the Duke
of Somerfet (3), and Edward Brook Baron of Cobham (4J.
With thefe Lords, the Duke, immediately after his arri-
val, concerted Mcafures to accomplifh his deligns. The
refult of their Confultations was, that the Duke mould re-
tire into Wales, where the Family of Alarch had always
had a great Intereft ; That he fhould privately be allured
of feafonably raifing an Army, by means of li is Friends ;
That he fhould then write to the King, to advertife him
of the People's diflike of the Miniftry, and particularly of
the Duke of Somerfet.

In purfuance of this Refolution, the Duke repairing into
Wales, and taking all his meafures, writ to the King,
" that all the Kingdom was difiatisfied, becaufe Traitors
" were fcreened from Juftice, and that he took the free-
" dom to advife him to prevent the ill Confequences of
" this dilcontent. That the fpeedieft means was to order
" the guilty to be brought to their Trial, and particu-
" larly the Duke of Somerfet, who having been impeached
" by the Commons, was reftored to Favour without any
" Examination. In fine, that it he would give the Na-
" tion this Satisfaction, he offered to affift in the Execu-
" tion of fo good a defign. " The Miniftry eafily per-
ceived, the Duke of York fought an occafion of quarrel.
But as in their prefent fituation, they durft not act haughti-
ly, it was judged proper, the King fhould fend the Duke a
civil anfwer, which would difappoint him of the pretence
he wanted. Accordingly the King in his Letter told him,
he had refolved fome time fince to reform whatever was a-
mifs in the Government ; and for that purpofe intended to
appoint a certain number of virtuous and able Counfellors,
of whom he was defigned to be one : That as for the
Traitors mentioned in his Letter, he did not mean to let
them go unpunifhed, but the affair being of very great
Confequence, required mature Deliberation : That a* for
the Duke of Somerfet in particular, he fhould not be ex-
cufed from anfwering the Accufations laid to his Charge.

Though this anfwer deprived the Duke of York of all
pretence to take Arms, he imagined however, the King's
bare refufal to remove or punifh the Minifters complained
of, was a fufficient Warrant. He did not expect fo mild
an anfwer. Mean while, as he had taken his meafures to
raife an Army, he did not think proper to break them, or
fufter himfelf to be decoyed by a Moderation which might
be as well feigned as real. So, putting himfelf at the
head of his Army, he marched towards London. But he
found the Queen had not been fo negligent as he expected.
Upon notice of the Duke's retiring into Wales, fhe had
ordered Troops to be levied in the King's Name, without
difcovering however for what they were intended. The
Duke therefore was no fooner upon the march, but he
heard the King was advancing (5) to give him Battle.
Though he wanted neither Courage nor Experience, he
thought he fhould not venture a Battle with the King,
without having a more plaulible Pretence than what he
would have covered his defigns with. His aim was to
gain the People ; but to fight the King without a more
fpecious reafon, was not the way to compafs his ends,
though he could even have been fure of Victory. Befides,
looking upon the City of London as able to incline the
Balance to his fide, he judged that, before all things, he
ought to fecure that Metropolis. For this reafon, when
he heard the King was coming againft him, he fuddenly
altered his rout, and by fpeedy Marches got before him,
and appeared before London, where he expected to be received
with open Arms. But he had the mortification to find the
Gates fhut, the Inhabitants not thinking proper to declare
for him, whilft the King was fo clofely purfuing him with



Tie King
fends blm a
mild anfwer.
Ibid.



I4J2.
Tbe Duke
manbet te>
London ivitb
an A'my.
Hall.
Stow.



The King
g-et out l»
licit bim.



London

Gates /'. ut

againft tbe

Duit.



':) The 26th, fays Meisfircltt, fol. 39.

(2) Son-in-law of Ihomai de Mor.tjcute Earl of Salisbury, in right of whofe fole Daughter and Heir, named Alice, he had the Title of Earl of Sa-
lisbury. He was eltlcft Son ty a frcru d Wife to Ralph Nevil Earl of Weftmoreland. Dugdale's Baron. Vol. I. p. 302.

(3) R.'pin, by miftalee, fays Son-in law. H? married Margaret Beaufort, Sifter of Edmund Duke of Somerfet.

(4) Ot thefe five, the two firft were diawn to engage with the Duke of Tort, by reafon of their affinity with him. For the la : d Duke had married Cecily,
Siller of the Earl of Salisbury* Arid jrcbn Duke of Norfolk took part with the Earl of Salisbury, as being the Sera of h s Siller Catherine, but more "in
the behalf of his father, who was banillud, and ot his Uncle, who was beheaded at York in the Reign of Henry IV. The Earl of Ji r ar~.v<ck's difcontenf was
occaiioned by a quarrel between him and the Duke of Stmterfer, As for the Earl of Dri'cnfitre, and the Lord Cebbtm, it docs not appear what induced
(hem 10 declare agair'.l Henry VI. Blond:, p. !;;.

-; lie let nut Fcimary tta. Stvtt>, p 399.

■ a fironirer



Book XII.



15. HENRY Vl.



575



taken «:
jfnu. '

Hall.

IbcDu

offer, tc



Hall
Slow



(4.52. a ftrongcr Army than his. He was forced .therefore to pafs Caftle of If Ignore (5), and the Duke of Setfurfei enjoyed, 14$;.

the Thames at Kingjlon, and encamp on Burnt-Heath (1), without a Rival, the Authority he had acquired at Court.
twelve Miles from London. The King following him, Whilft Henry was employed at home, in oppofing the %>•"■' fc

marched over London Bridge, and encamped about four Attempts of the Duke of York, Charles had no lei's an 'Z

Miles from him. Enemy to encounter in his own Kingdom. The Dauphin

■lie King Tiie two Armies being fo near one another, that no- his Son, a Prince of a turbulent Temper, created him

:-.n.h vtbrno thing could prevent an Engagement, the King ferit two great Uneafinefs by his Behaviour towards him. For

DuL'itd Bifh'ops (z), to know of the Duke what had induced him fome time pall he had refided in Dauphint, when- hea£fc

to appear in Arms. As the Duke faw himfelf difappointed as Sovereign, regardlefs of the" King bis Father's Orders

of his hopes to gain London, he thought it advifeable to executing them no farther than be plealcd. J !c had even



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