M. (Paul) Rapin de Thoyras.

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co tree the poor People Irom che Oppreffion they gioaned p.'^.
under, and fecure their Liberties and Privileges. It was
added, that they did not quellion, but all honett Englijlmen
would aliilt in the Execution of fo good a Defign. This Yaejarrh
Maiulelto had fuch an Effect, that the Loids arriving
ac Sandwich with fitcten hundred Men onlv, found there



ai ajnjw ,.h.

Tbtir .~r-.y

n hereaftd
a Body oi tour thoufand armed Men conducted by the " fif?
Lord Cobham ( 1 3). With this Reinforcement thev beo-an '
their March towaids London, knowing the Citizens were
ready Co receive them. And indeed the Gates beino- open-
ed to them, they entered the City, at the head of forty
thoufand Men, their Army increaling to that Number in



1 ' ty art ad-
miticdintt

Hcd.i-.gili.



(1) T^tVm-reJla- \ays Hvllin:jl>. p. 1*96. Stow, p. 40J.

(2) By Ri.rurd Rcaucbatrp, Bifhop of Satiiburj. Ibii.

(3) 'i'licle three Lords came into Devon/hire, wbere, cy the means of yobr- Dinham
a Ship at Exm.utb, and failed to Gutmtfey, and from thence to Calais. Haii, ml. 174,.
of the northern Parts to llniry Percy Eari of Northumberland, and "John Lord Ciijord.

(4) It met November 20. Cotton's Abrid^. n. 661.

[ 1) In OBober ; with Hemy Lord Root, and the Lord A-tdley. This lift was taken Prifcner by the Garrifon 0. Calais, Stow, p. 406.
(o) Richard IVo^d-uti Earl of Rivers, the Admu il, and his Son Anthony, we.e bo h talcen Pri.i ners. Halt, rol. 17c. Hol!m:Jhead, p.
I- 1 The Ships that had brought the Dulcc of Somerfet to Flanders, revolt -J alio, and ^ent over to the Earl of Warwick at Calais, Hall t

!ii:'Jh. p. 1207.

($) He went, and came back, from Calais t> Dublin, in Id's than a Month. Hal.', ibid.

(9) Henry Holland.

(10) Thomas Lord Scales. Anthony Weodv.l , Son of the Earl Rivers, marrying Elizabeth, Daughter and Heir of this Thomas Lord Sia'cs cf N.eals, wis



who was High-Treafurer in the Reign of Henry VII, they b-usht

HjiLnffh. p. 1297 -Alter this, the King committed tils Cuftody

I. alt, M. 175. Holm jh, p. 129;.



175. &!•



tli 1 upon, 2 Edward IV, declared L
(11) In Newbury, a Lnrdlhip bi



& Scales. Dugdale's baio 1 1. p. 231.

ni', to the Duke of Yak. Dugdale.
( .2) .StiTC, who hath it at length >n his Annals, fay, it was directed Co th A ch > fhop of Cansrhi y, and to th; Commoi' of Fnoland, p. 407
(13) With whom were John Guildford, V/illiamSecbc, Robert Horn.; and n.ai y other Gsntl.-.u n. Hall, i .1. 176. Ht!lin?Jbiad, p. 129?.



f4



5^4



The HISTO RY of ENGLAND.



Vol. I.



1460. i~o fhort a March. The Archbifhop of Canterbury; the
Bifhops of London, Lincoln, Ely, Exeter declared tor
them.
ThcS>ucm Mean while, the Queen who was at Coventry, was
'""'""-""'not idle. She had endeavoured to hinder the Entrance
'tt!m?~ of the Male- Contents into London, by fending the Lord
Hall. Scales with a good Body of Troops. But the Mayor



rick of Durham; fo great was their Fear of being deli- 146c*.
vered to their Enemies. The unfortunate King, who ' n ' Kt'f «



continued in his Tent, fell once more into the Hands of



taken.
Hall.
Stow.



■fpeS,



Hollingfli. j^j re f u !" e( i him Admittance, even before the Arrival of
the Lords. Scales being thus repulfed, had thrown hiru-
felfinto the Tcwer, from whence he threatned to demo-
lish the City witli his Cannon, if the Rebels were receiv-
ed. But his Threats were not capable of frightening the
She affembles Citizens. In the mean time, the King and Queen were
btrFtna allembling their Forces at Coventry, with all poffible

«r Coventry, => . ." r

andmanbti diligence. As foon -i.% their Army was ready to march,
n-wardi they gave the Command to the Duke of Somerfet, late-
Ac?rPul>. ty returned from Guifnes, and the Duke of Buckingham.
xi. p. +55- But this was only for Form's fake, the Queen herfelf be-
ing really General, fince every thing was done by her
The Lords go Orders, though the King was prcfent in Perfon. The
h"ii' ' J ' r ' y oun g E ar ' °* March, hearing the Queen was marching
to London, departed thence with twenty-five thoufand
Men to give her Battle before fhe fhould grow ftronger.
He left at London the Earl of Salisbury, with good Part
of his Tioops, and took with him the Earl of ff'arivick
and the Lord Ctbham, who ferved as his Lieutenants (1).
Hall- At his Departure from London, the Lord Scales ordered

Holl njfh. t ^ e Denver Cannon to fire upon the City, and did fome
Damage (z). But by the Earl of Salisbury's care, to pre-
vent his having any Provifions, he was himfelf reduced to
great Streights.
Thesauri The Queen advancing towards the Male-Contents,
pages <2 Ri- jncamped on a Plain near Northampton, with a little Ri-
Ibtm ' v er (3) behind her, which fhe had haftily palled, left
Hall. the Enemies fhould make ufe of it to avoid fighting : So

„ n* n. defirous was fhe to decide the Quarrel by a Battle. But
this rrecaution was not only unierviceable to her, but, as
will be feen prefently, very piejudicial. The Earls of
March and Warwick, likevvife advancing, encamped the
17th of July, between Torcejlcr and Northampton. The
fame day, they fent the Bifhop of Salisbury to the King,
befeeching him to fufpend his Indignation, and confider
tbtCamt with them of an Agreement, without Blood-fhed. But
".";".* , the Court perceiving it to be only a general Propofal,

Submtjhon of . iji .-, i ■ , , ,

tbi Lords, intended merely to falve the Appearances, would by

ro means give Ear to it. So, both Sides prepared for

Battle.

Tbi Battle of On the igth of July (4), the Yorkifls advanced to'

Nonhamp- wards the King's Army. The Earl of Warwick com-

^"j, manded the Right Wing, the Lord Ccbham the Left,

Hollingfli. and the Earl of March was in the Center. The Dukes

of Somerfet and Buckingham were at the head of the

Royalifts, whilft the Queen kept at fome diftance, to

obferve what fhould pafs, and give orders accordingly.

The King remained in his Tent, waiting the Blue of

a Battle, which, probably, was to fecure, or deprive him

Tb: -Royal of the Crown, for ever. The fight began not till two

■A"*y»<k- :„ t))e Afternoon, the Lords having firft publifhed in

Jeatea ar.a . n • r» /-.i i

tbi King their Army, a ftndt Charge, not to hurt the King's
Perfon, to fpare the common Soldiers, and to fall upon
the Officers only. The Battle laited two, fome fay five,
Hollingfc. Hours, with great Fiercenefs and Obftinacy on both
Sides, till at length the Lord Grey [of Ruthin,] who
commanded a confiderable Body of the King's Army,
fuddenly went over to the Male-contents. This unex-
pected Defection quite difheartened the Royalifls. Ap-
prehenfive, that other Bodies would follow this Example,
they began by degrees to give ground, and at laft were
routed, with the lofs of ten thouland Men. The River
which was in their Rear, caufed the Slaughter to be
greater than it would have been, if the vanquifhed could
have more eafily taken to Flight; befides, that many
Hall- were drowned in endeavouring to repafs the River. The

Hollingfli. Duke of Buckingham, the Earl of Shrewsbury, Son of
the renowned Talbot, the Lord Beaumont (5), and feveral
other Nobles and Officers of Diftin&ion were (lain on
TU Siueen the fpot. The Queen, the young Prince of Wales, and
Jia to Car- the Duke of Somerfet fled without refting into the Bifhop-



the victorious Lords, who paid him however all the Re- stows
fpect he could have required of them, had he been in his
greatelt Profperity. This deference was fome Comfort to
him in his preferft Condition, which would have been
more worthy of Pity, if his natural Im'oecillity had not
rendered him infenfible of good and bad Fortune. Imme-
diately after the Battle, he was honorably conducted to
Northampton, where he refided fome time. After that, a ni cor.dun-
on the 1 6th cf Augvjl (6), he came to London, fur> 'Ito Lomlorfi
rounded with a crowd of Lords, who, a few days before,
were in Arms againft him. Mean while* the Queen, Tbi f .?«t
not thinking herfelf fafe in Durham, privately retired '<•'" <""
with eight Perfons only, into Wales (7), where fhe Ha/iT"
would never have been fought. Shortly after, fhe left
that Retreat, and with the Prince her Son fled into Scot-
land.

Upon the King's Arrival at London, he called a Par- a Paflld-
liament for the 2d of Oclober (8). They who governed mentis caij.
him wanted this delay, in order to fend for the Duke of ^
Ytsrk, who was ftill in Ireland. They took care to ac-
quaint him with what had palled, and defired him to re-
pair to London with all poffible fpeed, that he might be
there at the opening of the Parliament, or fooner, if the
Wind would permit. In this Interval, they adted in the
King's Name, and made him fign all the Orders which
agreed with their Intereft. In the Collection cf the Pub-
lick Ac7s, there is a Patent, confirming to the Earl of
Warwick the Government of Calais ; and an Order to
the Duke of Somerfet, to refign him that of Guifr.a :
And moreover, the King's Declaration, acknowledging j7 v xitigi
the Duke of York, and his Adherents, for good and faith- Declaration
ful Subjects, as having given undoubted Proofs of their '" J J " : l" 'f
Loyalty, not only in Words, but in Deeds. York.

Whilft England was thus in Combuftion, James II, Aft. Pub.
King of Scotland, -prepared to make an Irruption. It was x '" F-+MW
the Duke of Yoi k, that after his retreat into Ireland, had, it.- King of



by fome advamagious offers, engaged him to break with Scotland be-
Henry, in expectation of reaping fome Benefit himfelf ? tga v° x "
fiom this Diverfion. Though laft Year, James had con- ib. 0.426.
eluded with England a four years Truce (9), he believed,
he ought to improve this opportunity. Indeed, he ailedged
feveral Reafons to colour his Invafion, but the Circum-
ftances of England was the fole and real Motive of his
Preparations. Be this as it will, a few days after the p . 461,
Battle of Northampton, he entered England at the head of
an Army, and belieged Roxborough ; but had not time to
make any great Progiefs. One of his own Cannon hap- „ . ,.„ ,
pening to burft, he was killed with a Splinter on the 4th ty tbcfplit.
of Auguji. James III, his eldeft Son, then but feven ""£«/«
Years old, was his SuccelTor. The Queen his Widow, b ' u ''l J "'
who was in the Army, carried on the Siege, till the
Town was furrendered.

The Death of James II. had been preceded fome days, Charles vn.
by that of Che'les VII. King of France. It is prerendc-d, "'"'• a " d «
he ftarved himfelf for fear of being poifoned by the Dau- LcwVxi
phin his Son, who mounted the Throne of France after
him, by the Name of Lewis XI.

The Duke of York could not reach London, till two IT" Oab
Days after the opening of the Parliament. He rid di- ^ k f"

/ r c ri ijcs •?!-.t

redly to Wiflminfter, and alighting from his Horfe, went : .,,-, t0 ,4,
to the Houfe of Lords, where he flood fome time under ";"■'■•-"•'«»'•
the Canopy of State, with his Hand on the Throne, ex- i'],'*?'""'
pe<£ting as it were, to be defired to feat himfelf thereou. asked to feat
But the Silence of the Houfe was a plain Indication, his ,m fdf<"'
Intention was not univerfally approved. At the fame H ^j.
time, to encreafe his Confufion caufed by their Silence, Helling*.
the Archbifhop of Canterbury approaching him (1 o), asked
him whether he would not go and pay his refpects to the
King. With what Caution foever the Duke had hither-
to behaved he could not forbear changing Countenance
at this Qiieftion, and telling the Archbifhop, he knew no
Perfon, to whom he owed that Honour. Upon thefe
Words, he immediately withdrew to his own Houfe.
He was too difcerning, not to perceive, he in vain ex-
pelled to be intreated to accept of the Crown. So, with-



(1) He had alto with him the Lords Fauconbridge, Clinton, Bourcbier, Serrtt-.inny, Say, and Serofr, the ArchbiAtp, ®e. Stow, p. 408. Hal!,

fol. 170.

(1) With him, in the Tmuer, were the Lords Velfj, hovel, Delaware, Kendal; Sir Edmund Hampden, Sir Tbomas, and Sir Jobn Brunt, Sir Cervafe
Clifton, Sir Tboma: T,rrcl, &c. St.11; ibid

(;) The River Nynt. Hall, fol. i 7 6.

(4) The N:nth, iays Hail, ibid, and Hollingjbiad, p. 1299.

( ,; Humphrey Stafford Duke cf Buckingham, John Talfot Earl cf Shrm/htry, John de Beaumont, the firft Vifcount in England, crested iS Henry VI.
as alfo nomas Lord Egrcmond, Sir William Lucy, Sec. The Kine's Cannon were rendered unlemceable in the Battle, ty realln of the great Rams that
fell that Day. Hall, foL 176. Hlllin jh. p. 1299. Stow, p. 409.

(6) The 16th of July. Hail, fol. 177. Stotu, ibid ~ On the 19th the Tcrwcr was delivered to the Earl of March, ibid.

1 the Caftie of Hardlag or Harden: She was plundered, in the way, of her Goods and Baggage, to the Value of ten thouland Marks- Ibid.

1 . !t met the ninth- See Cotton's Abridg. p. 665.

l" l A w rV'" S TrU "' fr ° m 3"' y 6 ' ' 463 ' t0 ?*'->' 6 ' H6S- R y mer '> f"i- Tom- XI. p- 416.

ThisQucftJon was not put to him now, while he was ftanding under the Canopy of State; but 3t another time- And thcufh he and the King
were both lodged m the Palace at Jl'ejlutirjter , yet for no Prayer or Utercellioo would he onoevifit and Ice him, till things were brought to a Conciufion.

/ J> - . , IC'l, lo I,



out



Book XII.



15. HENRY VI.



585



'1460. out concealing his Sentiments any longer, he fent next
Vtjcrdiibc Morning; ( i ), a Writing to the Parliament, containing

Parliament .. „ =V



1460.



the Reafons on which his Prcterilions
tojufl,fy b:i they have been frequently mentioned, it



a Memorial



Chi

Cotton's
Abridg.
p. 665.
Stow.



Argumtntt
Pro end
Con.



were built. As
will be needlefs
to repeat them. It fuffices to fay in a word, that he
claimed the Crown as Heir of the Houfe of March. This
Affair was very warmly debated in Parliament (2), accor-
ding to the Knowledge and Inclinations of the Members.
To relate all the Arguments alledged pro and con, would
be exceffively tedious ; but as this is a Matter of great
Moment, it will not be improper to give the Subftance
of the Objections to the Duke of Tori's Claim, and the
Replies of his Friends. I muft not, however, forget to
remark, that both Sides referred to the Decifion of the
Parliament, w'hich they equally acknowledged for the fole
Judge of this Affair.

In the firft place it was faid, when Henry IV. Grand-
father of the prc-fent King, took pofleffion of the Throne,
no Perfon offered to oppofe him.

The Duke of Tori's Friends replied, that as Edmund



the Crown during his Life, and the Duke of Tori be de-
clared his Succeflor. This Rcfolvc was palled into an Act
of Parliament, declaring, That notwithftanding the Duke
of Tori's indifputablc Title to the Crown, he had freely
confented, that Henry fhould poffefs it for his Life, and
promifed to fwear Allegiance to him as his lawful Sove-
reign. But if the King fhould any way break this Agree-
ment, then the Crown fhould immediately devolve to the
Duke of Tori, or his lawful Heirs (4).

Very likely, this Agreement did not come up to the W« T>u\, if
Duke of Tori's Expectations. He was contented how- J^,"^ bc
ever, becaufe he perceived it would be very difficult to Daru. '
obtain more, without open Force. It cannot be denied, Hill.
that he behaved with a Moderation very uncommon in
fuch Cafes. In his prefent Circumftances, and according i„ji aKe , ./
to the Rule generally followed by Parliaments, to declare ' : ' «"^
for the ftrongeft, nothing was more eafy for the Duke, ''"'
than to caufe the Crown to be adjudged to him immedi-
ately. He had at his Command a victorious, and at that
time, irreffftible Army. Befides, molt of the Members of
Parliament were in his Intereft, and probably, after



Earl of March, who was then alive, could not difputc knowledging his Title to be indifputablc, they would not

have wanted much Sollicitation to proceed one Step far-
ther, and place him on the Throne. It is therefore ma-
nifeft, if the Parliament fliowed any regard for Henry, it



it, without manifeft Danger, his Silence could not be in-
terpreted for Content.

II. It was alledged on the King's behalf, that Henry IV,
his Grandfather, had received the Crown by the Parlia-
ment's Authority. To this it was anfwered, the Duke
of Tori did not pretend to take poffeffion, without the
fame Authority, as appeared in his Memorial directed to
both Houfes. But, as the Parliament had ftrong Reafons
to proceed contrary to Cuftom, in favour of the Houfe of
Lancajler ; fo they had at prefent as ftrong, to do the
Duke of Tori Juftice. They who talked thus, took care
not to difpute the Parliament's Authority, at a time, when
they meant to make ufe of it, to place the Duke of Tori
on the Throne. But, probably, they did not fpeak,
upon this Subject, all their Thoughts.

III. The Refignation of Richard II. was pleaded in
behalf of the Houfe of Lancajler.

Anfwer was made, by denying that Richard's Refigna-
tion concerned that Houfe in particular, or even the Per-
fon of Henry IV. But, fuppofing it fo, it was not in
the Power of a captive King, juft going to be depofed,
to appoint a Succeflor.

IV. It was objected againft the Duke of Tori, that the
Earl of Cambridge his Father, having been executed for
High-Treafon, his Pofterity were rendered incapable of
anv Inheritance.



was, becaufe they thought themfelves at liberty to u
this Equity, notwithftanding the victorious Army which
might have off-red them Violence, if the Duke would have
made ufe cf his Advantages. It muft be farther obferved,
that the Duke of Tori was older than the King, and there-
fore naturally could not expect to out-live him. And yet, mg„,„,
thofe who have writ the Hiftory of thefe Troubles, have hUmiJ,
put an ill Conftrudtion upon all they have faid concerning t """' 1 '"
this Prince. The Reafon may be eafily gueffed. The *"""
Houfe of Tori enjoying the Throne but twenty four Years
we have no Hiftorian in that Interval ; all we have bein^
later, and writing fence the Refloration of the Houfe o'f
Lancajler in the Perfon of Henry VII. This muft be
always remembred in reading the Hiftory of thefe Civil
Wars.

The day after paffing the forementioned Aft, a Pro- /v^„ „
ceffion was made at St. Paul's, where the King was pre- M-ftuTi.
fent, with his Crown on his Head, attended by 3 the Dukp H>lL
of Tori (5). Y UUlie S=°w.

After this Agreement, the King continued the fame. ?*,£,.& /,
I hough it was eafy for him to perceive, what Prejudice <='' ■'■•'
the late Settlement brought to his Family, and particiilarlv M " l> " ° f
to the Prince of Wales his Son, he lived quietly in hb'Zt™"
Servitude, without thinking of Means for his Deliverance.



The Duke's Adherents anfwered, he had been reftored
to his Honours, and all his Birth-Rights, and acknow- Satisfied with whatever the Duke of Tori was pleafe'd' t"
ledged for Duke of Tori, and Earl of March, by the fuggeft, he wholly gave himfelf up to Devotion and left
King himfelf, and the whole Kingdom.

V. It was further urged, that the Houfe of Lancajler
had enjoyed the Crown above fixty Years



To this it was replied, that Prefcription was no Plea
againft the Right of Succeffion to the Crown, which was
a natural Right, and not to be deftroyed by a pofitive
Law.

VI. Laftly, it was reprefented in the King's favor,
that having now reigned thirty eight Years, and all along
led an innocent Life, without giving any Perfon caufe



the Publick Affairs to thofe who managed them i
Name. Thus the Duke finding himfelf abfolutc Mafter ™ r
of the Government and Perfon of the King, caufed him VS^%
to fign an Order, requiring the Queen to repair to him <='"'" ,J *
The Duke was fenfible, this Order would be to no pur- %]•" *""'
pole. But his Aim was, to render her criminal, by her Hollioglh.
refufing to obey the King, and thereby to juftify his in-
tended Proceedings againft her. He thought her without
Refuge, and in that Belief imagined, he had only to find
feme Pretence, to lay_ an infuperable Obftacle to her re-



to complain, it would be a great Cruelty to deprive him turn, in order to be freed from fo dangerous an

of the Crown. But he relied too far on his own good Fortune and the



This Argument feemed very ftrong : But the Duke of
York's Friends replied, that Henry being incapable of go-
verning by himfelf, to leave him in poffeffion of the
Crown, was acting rather for the Queen and the Mini-
fters, who abufed his Name and Authority, than for him.
Moreover, the whole Kingdom was not to be ruined
for his fake, or a Wrong to be committed from a Mo-
tive of Charity.

It may eafily be judged, that thefe and feveral other
Reafons, alledged by the two Parties, were inlarged and
difplayed to the beft Advantage, efpecially in the Parlia-
ment, where there are generally many Perfons of great
during Life. Abilities. This was a very proper Subject to exercife the
Ingenious, difficult in it felf, and ftill more fo, by the pre-
fent Situation of Affairs. At length, after a Debate of



ingfb.



It is di-
sced that
|6e king

Jpould enjoy
tie Crown



Abridg.
p. 666.
Stow.
p. 409-
Hall.



Queen's Weaknefs. Inftead of being difcouraged at the
ill Situation of the King's, and his Family's Affairs, flic *7JZ,
was now returned into England, with the Prince of If 'ales "'" A '^'
her Son, and had drawn together in the North, an Army H* U "
of eighteen thoufand Men (6). The better to ingage the "
People of thofe Parts to her Intereft, fhe had caufeVto be
reported, that they were allowed to plunder the Country
on the South of the Trent. Probably, this mod conduced
to her affembling fo great a Number of Troops.

The Duke of Tori had been informed of the Queen's
Endeavors to levy an Army, but did not know fhe had
made fo great a Progrefs, and yet, thought he could not
be too fpeedy to prevent the Execution of her Defi-ms *
He departed therefore from London (7) wkh four or five '£,\ '"-',
thoufand Men only, leaving Orders with the Earl of March HaJ.
his Son, to lead the reft of the Army into Waits *~



71 1 Du.it of
York goes

• ■ btt
' fitx



feveral days, it was refolved (3), that Henry fhould enjoy frefh them, and then come and join him. As he advanced



(I) O&ober 16. Cotton's Abridg. p- 665.

(i) The Hiftorians fay, That it was debated by divers Lords both Spiritual and Temporal, with many grare and Cage Perfon?
daily allemblad at the Black- Fryers and other Places.

(3) On OSober 31. Hall, fbl. 182.

(4.) The Parliament fettled alfo on the Duke of Tort ten thoufand Marks ; viz. five thoufand for him elf, three fhmlfand five hundred for his

eldeft Son Edward Earl of Marcb, and fifteen hundred for his other Son the Earl of Rutland. Cotton's sJfrid". p. f D -. Steio - 4.1c T

this Parliament was the following Statute rmde. That Women being ol the Age of fourteen Years, at the time or the Death of their Ancefto
lhalj, without queftion or difficulty, have Livery of their Lands and Tenements defcended to them : For to the Law of this Land
fhould have. Statist. 39 Henry VI, c. 2.

(5) And on the Saturday following, Ricbard Duke of Tork was, by found of Trumpet, proclaimed Heir apparent ta the
Protector of the Realm. Hdlingfh. p. 1303. Slow, p. 411.

(6) Or, according to others, twenty two thoufand. Hall. fbl. 182. Hollingjh. p. 1303.
the Earl of Devonpirc, the Lords Clifford and Rijfe. Hall, ibid.

<e/) On Dtctmb. 1, leaving the Daks of N.rfolk and ui: Earl of fPtrwiii to take care of 'he. King. Hall, h : d. Hc.mgA,



cf the C-mmcnalty,



will that they
Crcwn of England, ln i
Among whom were the Dukes ci Exetr and Somtrfit,



No. 30. Vol. I.



7l



towardj



86



The HISTORT of ENGLAND.



Vol I.



1460. towards the North, he received the mortifying News oi juftify his Pretenfions. I leave the Reader to pafs his own 1460



He retires
into Sandal
Caftle.



the Queen's great Succefs, in the levying of Troops. At
length, being arrived near Wakefield in the County of
York (i), he heard the Queen was advancing towards him,
at the Head of eighteen thoufand Men. Whereupon he
refolved to retire to his Caftle of Sandal, till the Arrival
of the Earl of March. He knew, the Queen, who had no
Artillery, could not force him in that Caftle, which was well



Judgment, upon the Grounds already explained in feveral
Places. Unhappily for this Prince, the Englijh Hiftorians
that writ, when the Reftoration of the Houfe of Lan-
cajler was ftill frefh, I mean in the Reigns of Henry VII,



Online LibraryM. (Paul) Rapin de ThoyrasThe history of England : written in French (Volume 1) → online text (page 247 of 360)