M. (Paul) Rapin de Thoyras.

The history of England : written in French (Volume 1) online

. (page 26 of 360)
Online LibraryM. (Paul) Rapin de ThoyrasThe history of England : written in French (Volume 1) → online text (page 26 of 360)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


Crown to his only furviving Son Ciffa.

C I S S A.

Ciffa was memorable only for his long Reign of feventy
fix Years, and, I may add, his great Age. For fuppofing
him but a Year or two old when his Father brought him
over in 476, he muft have been at leaft one hundred and
fifteen, or one hundred and fixteen Years of Age when ha
died in 590. But it is not very likely Ella fhould bring
with him a Child of a Year old.

Ciffa leaving no IfTue, Ceaulin King oi~ JVeffex and Mo-
narch of the Anglo-Saxons feized the Kingdom of Suffix.
This occafioned the League againft him. But notwithstand-
ing his being vanquished, Ceolrick his Nephew and Succef-
for remained in Pofieflion of Suffix.

From that time the South-Saxons made feveral Attempts
to fhake off the Yoke of the Kings of Wejjex. And herein
properly confifts the Hiftory of Suffix, till the Kingdom
was entirely fubdued.

In 607 they revolted againft Ccolric King of JVeJfex,
but were reduced to Obedience.

In 648 they made another Struggle with better Succefs.
Cenowalch King of JVeffex continuing ftill in Eajl-Anglia,
and Penda King of Mercia being Mafter of JVeffex the
South-Saxons took that Opportunity to place on their Throne
a King named Adelwalch.

ADELWALCH.



684. The Kingdom of JVeffex having fuffered much by Pen-



514.



M. Weft.



590.



rior. Wig
H. Hunt.
1.2.



Sax- Ann.



da's Invafion, who feized and kept it three Years, Cenowaleh

was little able, after his Reftoration, to dethrone the new

King of Suffix. But Adehualeh however was not left in 66 r.

quiet. JVidpher King of Mercia, having attacked Ceno- M " Wdl '

walch and worfted him in feveral Encounters, penetrated

as far as Suffix, where vanquifhing Adelwalch in Battle, he

took him Prifoner, and after that, became Mafter of his Bide, 1- 4.

Kingdom, and the IJle of JVight. Adelwalch having cm-' ' 3-

braced the Chriftian Religion in Mercia, where he was

Prifoner, JVulpher fet him at Liberty, and made him a

Prefent of the IJle of Wight ( 1 ).

It is very probable Adelwalch, after the Death of // vl-
pher, recovered the Kingdom of Suffix, fince we find in
the Saxon Annals, that he was on the Throne in 686. 686.

The fame Year Cedwalla, 2. JVcJl-Saxon fugitive Prince, O. Malm.
entered Suffix with an Army, and Adelwalch endeavouring '> dePcn
to drive him thence was {lain in Battle.

After the Death of Adelwalch, Cedwalla would tain haveBcde, /. \.
made himfelf Mafter of Suffix, but was oppofed by Authun'- '5-
and Berthun, who were returned with an Army from an
Expedition in the Kingdom of Kent. At the fame time,
Cedwalla, hearing of the Death of the King of IVeffix,
who had expell'd him his Dominions, returned thither,
where he was placed on the Throne. Mean while Authun
and Berthun were crowned Kings of Suffix. They are faid
by fome to be Sons of Adelwalch, and by others, his Ge-
nerals only.



AUTHUN and BERTHUN.

Thefe two Kings did not live long undifturbed. Ced- 688.
•walla now become King of JVeffex, made war upon them,
and gained a Battle, wherein Berthun was {lain.



AUTHUN alone.

AutJmn very probably preferved the Crown of Suffix, by
an entire Dependence on the King of JVeffex, who, after
the Death of Authun, would not even ifuffer the vacant
Throne to be filled.

The South-Saxons made feveral Attempts to recover 722.
their Liberty. They took up Arms in 722 : But having Sax. Ann.
taken wrong Meafures, Ina King of JVeffex reduced them "" Hunt "
to Obedience.

Three Years after, taking Advantage of fome Troubles 72J.
that broke out in JVeffex, they placed on the Throne a Fl. Wig.
King named Albert. But Ina having defeated and {lain the Bcd j c ' '" 5 "
new King, united their Kingdom to his own.

However, this prevented them not in 754, in the Reign 754»
of Sigebcrt King of JVeffex, afterwards depos'd, from re-
volting once more, and chufing one Ofmond for their King.
In all likelihood Cenulph, Succeffor of Sigebert, found
means to reduce them again to a ftate of Dependence. From
that time the South-Saxons, as far as appears, never at-
tempted to recover their Liberty, their Country being con-
fidered ever after as a Province of JVeJfex.



THE



Hiftory of the Kingdom of W E S S E X.



Tbt King,
dom of
Weffex cr
Weft-Sax-
ons,



T



HERE were in the Heptarchy three King-
doms, two of Angles, and one of Saxons, that
greatly furpaffed the reft in Grandeur and
Power. The two Kingdoms of Angles were
Northumberland fituated beyond the Humber, and Mercia
containing all that lay between the Humber, the Thames
and the Severn, with the two Kingdoms of Effex and Eajl-
Anglia. JVeffex the third great Kingdom, inhabited by
Saxons and Jutes, was fituated South of the Thames, in
breadth about Seventy Miles, from the Thames to the Bri-



tijh Channel ; and in length one hundred and Fifty, from
the Frontiers of Suffix, to the River Tamar, which parted
it from Cotviwal. The principal Cities were JVinchejler,
the Capital, Southampton, Portfmouth, Salisbury, DorcheJ-
tcr, Sherborn, Exeter, where a great many Britons were
mixt with the Saxons. The IJle of JVight, inhabited by
Jutes, was alfo dependent on this Kingdom.

As each Kingdom of the Heptarchy derived its Name
from the Inhabitants and Situation, the Kingdom of
Weffex or of the JVijl-Saxons was fo called, becaufe it lay



(1) And of the Country of the Mcanvari in Wcffcx. Bedt, 1. 4. o tj. which is fuppos'd to be that part of Hj'rfjhir.. jhat is now divided into the
Hundreds of Mcamhroic, Eajl mean, and Wcfi-mcan. Camden in HamffArt.
(*j Ajtd «fttr a.Kcign of eighteen Years. Hunting, p. 314.

j Weft



6o



Th HISTORY of ENGLAND.



Vol. I.



5'9-



534-

H. Hunt.



560.

H. Hunt.
Flur Wig.
M. Weft.



Fl. Wig.

592.
G. Malm.
I. i.e. 2.
Fhr. Wig.
in Gen.



594-

Fl. V\ ig.
G. Malm.
.Sax. Ami.



598.
Fl. Wig.
H. Hunt.



6ll



6l2.

614.

H. Hunt.



Weft of Suffex, Kent, and EJfex. Befides the Extent, the
Situation of this Kingdom made it alfo very confiderable,
fince it was guarded on the North by the Thames, and on
the South by" the Sea ; on the Eaft it was bounded by the
little Kingdom of Stijpx, not at all formidable to its Neigh-
bours, and on the Weft by the Britons of ' Cornwa I, divided
fo from the reft of their Countrymen the Weljh, by the
Mouth of the Severn, that it was almoft impoflible for them
to aflift one another.

C E R D I C.

This Prince, of whom I have largely fpoken in the
fecond Book, arrived in Britain in the Year 49 c;, and was
crowned the firft time King of the JVefl-Saxons in 519,
after Arthur had furrendered to him the two Counties of
Hampjhire and Somerftjhire, the whole then of this King-
dom. He was crowned a fecond time at JVincheJler in
532 or 533, by the fame Title, upon the Delivery of
Berkjhire, Wiltjhire, Devon/hire, and Dorfetjliire by Mo-
dred. He died in 534 leaving his Crown to his Son
Cenric.

C E N R I C.

Cenric, who during his Father's Life was renowned for
his Valour and Conduct, after he was King, preferred a
quiet Life to the Noife and Hurry of Arms. We don't
find he acted any diing memorable during his Reign, ex-
cept defeating the Britons, who ventured to attack him in
552. He died in 560, and was fheceeded by Ceaulin his
cldeft Son.

CEAULIN.

Ceaulin, being elected Monarch after his Father's Death,
carried the Prerogatives of that Dignity to a very great
Height. Having brought the neighbouring Princes into
fubjection, he made them apprehenftve, by feizing the
Kingdom of Sujpx after Ciffa's Death, that he intended
to reduce all England into one Kingdom. The better to
fecure Suffix, he went and kept his Court at Cbiche/ier,
leaving the Government of JVeffex to Ceolric his Nephew,
whom he defigned for his SuccefTor. His Ambition caufed
all the other Kings, Ceolric himfelf not excepted, to enter
into a League againft him. He was 'vanquiihed by the
King of Kent, who commanded the confederate Army (1 ),
and forced to fly to fome unknown Corner, where he end-
ed his Days foon after. His Wars with the Britons and
Aidan King of Satland, were related in the fecond
Book.

CEOLRIC.

Nothing particular occurs concerning this Prince after
his Acceflion to the Throne upon the Death of his Uncle
Ceaulin. He died in 59S and was fucceeded by his Brother

Ceolulph.

CEOLULPH.

All we know of this Prince is, that in 607 he reduced
to Obedience the South-Saxons, who had revolted (2). He
died in 611, and had for his SuccefTor Cinigifil his Nephew,
Son of Ceolric.

C I N I G I S I L.

A Year after his Coronation Cinigifil aflbciated jfhiicelm
his Brother, or rather divided with him the Kingdom of
JVeffex.

C I N I G I S I L and Q_U I C E L M.

Thefe two Brothers obtained in 614 a fignal Victory
over the Britons (3).

I have already given an Account of £hticebns Wars
with Edwin King of Northumberland, and fhall have fur-
ther Occafion to mention him in the Hiftory of the
Church ; and therefore fhall fay no more of him here.



<3hticelm turned Chriftian a little before his Death, which
happened in 63;.

C I N I G I S I L alone.

This Prince who had embraced the Chriftian Religion
fometime before his Brother, in 636, reigned alone
till his Death. He left his Crown to his Son Ceno-

ivalch.

CENOWALCH.

The Reign of Cenowalch was much troubled with his
Wars with the Kings of Mercia. Penda, whofe Sifter
he had married and divorced, attacked him when he leaft
expected it, and compelled him to abandon his Kingdom,
and fly for Refuge to Annas King of the Eojl- Angles, where
he remained the three Years Penda kept poflefiion of
JVeffex. Cenowalch was converted in Eajl-Anglia, and
at length reftored to his Kingdom by the Afliftance of
Annas.

In 65-2 he obtained a fignal Victory over the Britons (4),
which was followed by another in 658 (5).



6 3S .



636



643.
645,



646.
648.

6,-2.

G. Malm.

Some Years after, he was engaged in war with JVul- h. Hunt!
pher, SuccefTor of Penda: but which was the Aggreffor, 661.
or what was the Succefs of the War is unknown. JVul- J£.\hAw\
pher was defeated and taken Prifoner. Others affirm f"e^ 2 ' c ' 7 '
had entirely the Advantage, which to me feems moft like- Sax . A a „™'
ly (6). It is certain JVulpher conquered Sujfex and the IJle Fl Wig.
cfJVight, which he could not have done, if Cenowalch had H - Hunt.
been in condition tooppofe him. However this be, Ceno- 1 ',, ^ "|
ivalch died in 67a, and left his Crown to his Queen Sex-
burga,

SEXBURGA.

She was a Princefs of great Courage, of a very fublime 627.
and extenfive Genius, and pofTefTed all the Qualifications Jd.\
necefTary for well-governing a Kingdom. She reigned but Id.
one Year, and then died, as fome fay ; but according to
others, was depofed by the JVcJl-Saxons, who thought it a
Difhonour to obey a Woman (7).

After the Death or Expulfion oCSexbnrga, the Kingdom F1 - Wig.
was divided among feveral of the Great Men (8), of whom >n Gea '
Cenfus, a Prince of the Royal Blood, defcended from Cer-
dic, was the chief. Nothing more particular is known con-
cerning this difmembring of the Kingdom, which however
was united again into one Body, after thefe petty Tyrants



were either Dead or expelied.
CENF US, ESC WIN, WCENTWIN.



673.



In 674, Cenfus aflbciated his Son Efcwin, and probably 674.
was forced to let Centwin Brother to the late King Ceno- H. Huut.
walch reign alfo over fome part of the Kingdom. 2 "

The next Year JVulpher attacked the Kings of JVeffex,
whofe Army was commanded by Efcwin. A bloody Battle
was fought, in which JVulpher had the Advantage; though
the Lofs on both fides was very great (9).

Cenfus died two Years after, and Efcwin his Son did not
long furvive him. Thus Centwin remained fole King of
JVeffex.

CENTWIN alone.



Hiftory inform us, that in 682 Centwin obtained a fig-
nal Victory over the JVelJh (10), upon which Cadwallader
their King was forced to go and ftie for Afliftance from
the King of Armorica : The WeJJh Prince afterwards took
a Journey to Rome, where he died.

About the end of Centivin's Reign, Ccdwalla a Prince of
the Blood-Royal of JVeffex had fo gained the People's
Affection, that the King being jealous of him ordered him
to depart the Kingdom. As Cedwalla could not difpute
the King's Command, he retired into Suffix, and being
well beloved, a great many young People chofe to accom-
pany him, and follew his Fortune, infomuch that he en-
tered Suffix with a fort of Army ( 1 1 )■ Adelwalch, then King
of Suffix, angry at Cedwalla's prefuming to enter his Do-
minions in a warlike Manner, and without his Permiffion,





676.


H.


Hunt.


Sa>


:. Ann.


M.


Weli.


Fl.


W,g.


Fl.


Wig.


Sax


. Ann.


G.


Malm.


1.


1. c. 2.



Id. I. 3. it
Pent.



(1) This Battle was fought at IVcdenfdike. Maln.fi. p. J2 now call'd WanfdUe in Wiltjhire. See Can-Jen in Wiltjhire.

(2) Huntingd. hys, that during his whole Reign, he was engaged in Wars either with the Englijh, the Scats, or the Picls, p. 315. And Malmfi.
that he fpent his whole Life in Wars, and was never idle, being always employed, either in defending or enlarging his Dominions, p. 12.

(") At Beamdune, Sax. Ann. wh'ch Mr. Camden takes to be Bampton in Devon/hire, or Bindsn in Dcrfctjhire, p. 54, 56. They had alfo a Battle with
Penda King of Mercia, who attempted to take C rencefier from them Maltnsb. p. 12.

(4) At Witgeornetbrug, fays Malmih p. 13. "She Saxon Annah fay at Bradenfcrd, now Bradford in Wikjbire. See Camden.

(5J Near the Hill call'd Pent, in S'.merfetfiire ; the IVelJh were driven back as far as the River Parnt. Huntingd. p. 317. Malmib.

(6) Malmibury fays, that Cenowalch depriv'd Wulpber of the greateft part of his Kingdom, p. 13. But Huntingd. affirms, that Ctnvwalcb w"as defeated

p. 317-

(7) M. WJIminJIer fays, (he was expcll'd the Kingdom by the Nobles, who defpis'd female Government- But what Authority he had for This does
r.ot appear. Malmibury gives her a great Character.

(8) For ah •■:<. the Space of ten Years. Bide, 1. 4. c. 12.

(9) At a place call'd in the Sax. Ann. Bedanheafde, now Bedtcin in Wiltjhirt. Camden.

(is) He ravag'd their Count: y, and purfucd them as far as the Sea, or St. Gorge's Channel. Huntingd. p. 318. Malmb. p. 14.
It] According to Malmbury, he carried away all that were able to bear Arms, that he might leave the Cjuntry defencdcls, p. 14.

would



Book III.



72>e Kingdom of W E S S E X.



61



Bed;, 1. 4'
CIS-
Sax. An.

Fl. Wig.



686.
ri. w. E .



6S7.

G. Malm.
1. I. I,

Broropt.
Pclych.

688.
Bede, 1. 5.
7.



Id. 688.



638.



AIT. Men.



An. Sax.
Fl. Wig.
H. Hunt.
»-4



would have driven him thence, but was /Iain in the fight.
After this Victory, Cbedwalla would have feized the King-
dom, but was prevented by Authun and Bertbun, as before
related in the hiftory of Sitjfex. Mean while, Centwin
happening to die, Cedwalla returned to IVejfex-, and was
plac'd on the Throne.

CEDWALLA,

Cedwalla was not only King of /£^x but likewife Mo-
narch of the Anglo-Saxons. His firft war was with Authun
and Berthun Kings of Sujpx, fpoken of before.

Having ended this war to his advantage, he turn'd his
Arms againft Kent ( 1 ), from whence he carried oft'a great
Booty. Then he attack'd die Ifle of Wight, which be-
longed to the King of Suffix ever fince Wttlpher's Grant
to Adelwalch. Ariuald, Brother to Authun, being then
Governor of the Ifle, undertook its defence ; but as Ced-
walla % Forces were much fuperior to his, he was fore'd at
laft to abandon the Ifle to the Mercy of the Conqueror.
The Inhabitants being yet Idolaters, Cedwalla thro' a falfe
Zeal for Religion, relblved to root them out, and people
the Ifland with Chriflians. He would have executed this
barbarous Refolution, had not Wilfrid, formerly Bifhop of
York, and then Bifhop of Selfey in Sujfex, reprefented to
him that it would be much better to endeavour to convert
them. Upon the Bifhop's Remonftrances, Cedwalla re-
lented, but on condition the Inhabitants would be inftantly
baptiz'd. The poor Wretches, who had no time to deli-
berate, embraced the Chriffian Religion at the firft. preach-
ing of Birwin a Prieft, Nephew of Wilfrid, who was
entrufted with their Converfion, if the bare Declaration of
People threatned with death in cafe of refufal, may be
called by that Name.

Some time after Cedwalla fent his Brother Mollon with
an Army into Kent. The mill-table death of Mollon there,
and the terrible manner Cedwalla reveng'd it, have already
been related in the hiftory of that Kingdom.

At length, Cedwalla refolved to take a Journey to Rome
to receive Baptifm at the hands of the Pope ; for altho' he
was a Chrillian and a great zealot, he had never been bap-
tized. He performed this Journey in 688. As he travel-
led thro' France and Lomhardy, he was every where very
honourably received. Cunibcrt King of the Lombards was
particularly remarkable for the noble Entertainment he gave
him. When he came to Rome, he was baptiz'd by Pope
Sergius II, who gave him the name of Peter. He had all
along wiflied to die foon after his Baptifm, and he had his
defire, for he died a few weeks after at Rome. He was
buried in St. Peter's Church, where a ftately Tomb was
erected to his Memory, with an Epitaph mowing hisname,
quality, age, and time of his death (2). He left, by Cen-
drith his Queen, two Sons, who did not fucceed him by
reafon of their tender age. Ina his Coufin mounted the
Throne after him.

I N A.

Of all the Kings that reign'd in England during the Hep-
tarchy, Ina was one of the moft famous and illuftrious: He
muft needs have been of great repute, fince the fame year
he was crowned he was declared Monarch of the Anglo-
Saxons in a General Affembly, where Sebba King of Ejfex,
his Friend, ferved him effectually.

Ina's Wars with the Britons in Cornwal, the Kings of
Kent, the South-Saxons, and King of Mercia, rendred his
valour, merit, and abilities, more and more confpicuous.
But as Hiftorians have only told us the Succefs, without
mentioning the motives and circumftances of thefe Wars,
it is impoflible to give a particular account of them. They
only inform us that he carried his Arms into Kent, from
whence nothing could drive him but the bribing him with
a large Sum of Money (3); that in 710, he conquered
That in 715, Ina and Ceolred fought a
bloody Battle at JVodensburgh in Wilt/hire, with equal lofs
on both fides. That laftly, he reduced to obedience the
South-Saxons, who had revolted, and plac'd one Albert on
their Throne (4).

Thefe are the military Exploits that gained Ina his Re-
putation for War. But the Panegyricks beftowed on him



$94-
G. Malm.
1. 1. c. 2.

Polychr.

An. Sa'x. 20 ' part of Cornwal

H. Hunt.
J.4.



by Hiftorians, were not owing to thefe fo much as to four
other particulars, which to them feemed of greater impor-
tance, and which they have chiefly dwelt on. Firft, he
rebuilt Glaffenbury Monaftery, and augmented the Revenues
and Privileges in fuch a manner, that it became one of the
moft confiderable in all England (;). In the fecond place,
he published a Body of Laws, entitled, Wcjl-Saxon Leaga
(6), that is, Laws of the Wejl-Saxons, which ferved for
foundation to that publifhed in the next Century by Alfred
the Great hisSuccefibr. Thirdly, Ina fignalizcd his Piety
by quitting his Crown and turning Monk, which was thenp- Malm,
looked upon as an undoubted mark of Religion. This re-
folution was taken by the perfuafions of his Queen Ethel-
burga, who had prepared him for it, by frequently repre-
fenting to him the Examples of fo many Kings his Prede-
ceffors, that had run the fame Race before, and were ho-
noured as Saints. But laftly what contributed moft to
Ina's Fame, was this: before he fhut himfelf up in a Mo- 727.
naftery, he went to Rome, where after conferring withM.Wefl.
Pope Gregory II, he built a large College, for the Inftructi-
on and Reception of the Englijli Ecclefiafticks that fhould
come to ftudy at Rome, and for the Entertainment and
Lodging of the Kings and Princes of the fame Nation, that
fhould vifit the Tombs of the Apoftles. Adjoining to the
College, he built alfo a ftately Church, and appointed a
certain number of Priefts to officiate. Bcfides the charge
of the buildings, of the ornaments of the Church, and of
the neceflaries of the College, there was an abfolute ne-
ceffity of fettling a {landing Fund for their maintenance,
according to the intent of the Founder. Now Ina had
taken care of this, by laying a Tax of a Penny on every
Family in the Kingdom of lVe(jex and SuJJ'cx, which was
to be fent yearly to Rome, under the name of Romefcot.
Some time after Offa King of Mercia impos'd the lame
Tax on the Kingdom of Mercia and Eaj}-Angl;a, and
term'd it Peter- Pence. Some fay, Ina returned into Eng-
land to have this Tax fettled by the General Afiembly, or
Parliament of Weffix, and to get the Charter figned by all
the Nobility of the Kingdom (7). After which hejeturn'd
to Rome, where he took upon him the Monkijh Habit (8).
Eihelburga, who advifed him to it only becaufe fhe had a
mind to become a Nun herfelf, put on the Ved in the Mo-
naftery of Barking.

Malmsbury is miftaken in faying Ina was fixty two years
on the Throne of IVejfex, fince it is certain he had reigned
but thirty feven, or at moft but thirty nine years when he
refigned his Crown to his Coufin Adelard.

A D E L A R D.

Though Adelard was placed on the Throne with the 727.
confent of the Affembly-Gencral, Ofwald, one of the Royal G. Malm.
Family (9), difputed the poffeilion of it with him. Their 1, '• '• 2>
quarrel was decided by a Battle, wherein the King was
victorious over his Rival, whofe Death, which happened
fhortly after, reftored peace and tranquillity to the King-
dom. Adelard died in 740, and was fucceeded by Cudred An ' ***•
his Brother or Coufin.

C U D R E D.

We have only the following particulars of the Reign of 74.0.
Cudred: for we muft not expect to find any connexion
between the Facts related by the Hiftorians, or An-
nalifts.

In 743, this Prince obtained a fignal Victory over the 743.
Cornijh Men. Two years after, Ethelun a Wejl-Saxon
Lord, diffatisfied with the King, raifed a fedition among
the Soldiers, in which Cenric Son of Cudred was flain.
This action was followed by a Civil War, which lafted An. Sax.
fome time. Ethelun being at the Head of the Rebels, "' 4 " un: '
dared to give his fovereign Battle, wherein the King,
though not without great danger of being vanquifhed,
gained the victory. During the Fight, Ethelun gave fuch
notable proofs of an undaunted Courage, and extraordi-
nary Conduct, that the King chofe rather to receive him
into favour, than deftroy a Subject that might be fervice-
able to him. And indeed, it was the fame Ethelun, that
in 752 vanquifhed Ethelbald King of Mercia, in a Battle 750.
mentioned in the Hiftory of that Kingdom (10). Bed. Ep.



(1) For which no other Reafon is aflign'd but his inveterate Hatred againft the Inhabitants of that Kingdom. Malmtb. p. XI*

(2) Hie dcpofitus eft Cedivalla, qui & Petrus, Rex Saxonum. Sub. xii. Cal. Mail Indiclione Secunda qui vixit annos plus minus triginta, impcrante
Domino Juftiniano Piiflimo Augufto, Anno ejus confulatus quarto, Pontificante Apoftolico viro Sergio Papa Secundo. Rapin.

(3) Thirty thoufand Pounds, fays the Sax. Ann. And according to Mjhnsb. thirty thoufand Marks of Gold, p. 14.

(4) He alfo drove all the Nobility of Eajl-Anglia out ot their PolTefiions, and afterwards defeated them in Battle. Malmib. p. 14.

(5) By Malmibury's Account one would be inclin'd to think that he was the firft Founder of it. See Malmsb. p. 14. The Charter, cenfirm'd by a
great Council of the whole IVtft-Saxon Kingdom, the Archbiihop of Canterbury, and Baldrcd King of Kent, with other Biftiops and Great Men, is in
Manufcript in the Library of Trinity College in Cambridge, and alfo published by Sir H. Sfclman, in his firft Volume of Britijb Councils. But after all
this Charter feems to be the Forgery of the Bencdiflin Monks.

(6) Sec Biflicp IVicboljin's Hiftorical Library, p. 45.

(7) There is no Authority tor ihis. Polidore Virgil ( who was the Pope's Collector of the Tax) allows it indeed, but it is not coafirm'd by any ancient
Author or Council.

(8) Plcbciocultu amiclus inter mendicos confenuit. Higdcn. Polycbrcn. p. 248.

(9) He was the Son of Ethelbald, of Cyncbald, of Cuthnvin, of Ceaulid. Malmib. p. jc. H:tntingd, |». 33S,

(10) This Battle was fought at Bterpford, aow Burfird in Qxfirdjhiri, Camden.

N« IV, Vol. I. Q_ Cudred



The



H I S TO R T of ENGLAND.



Online LibraryM. (Paul) Rapin de ThoyrasThe history of England : written in French (Volume 1) → online text (page 26 of 360)