M. (Paul) Rapin de Thoyras.

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the North Gate of the City, fince call'd the Hide.

(5) Befides this Nunnery, Alfred built two Monafleries, one at Atktlnry, and another at fPissebtfter. Ajjir.

(6) Befide3 Winburn, Etbekvard feited wpon Tweineatn, i. c. Chrtji-Cbureb in Ilampjhire. Sax. Ann. Carr.d.

(7) Etbekvard (hut himfelf up in the Town, and fwoic he would cither conquer or dk. Sax. Ann. Huntingd. p. 552. Snmit. p. 8-3,

(8) He efcaped in the night. Hsmtingd. p. 352. Brtmft. p. 832. Flcr. Wgcr.

(9) That is, the Danes in Ncrtbumbris. Sax. Ann. Huntingd. p. 352. Ajjlr. Ann. p. 174.

(le) The Sax. Ann. and F.'-, Jl'crc, lay only, isat the King ordered hit Men to puriue EibthuarJ, but tfey so»!d not overtak: him.

No. 5, Vol, I, B b theirs,

pected to be attacked ; but hoped, if that place made s "j A
never fo little Refiftance, the Danes would keep Ectiuard Huntin. I. s.
fo much employed in other parts, that it would notbe Brom P N
poffible for him to retake it (7). But his hopes were all in Lafii it
vain. Edward came upon him with fuch Expedition, V*i
that he was like to have furprized him in IVinburn, before
he had taken necelTary meafures for his defence. He had and f.'.es u
hardly time to get 'out of the Town (8) and fly to the ''" Dl ""'/ .
Danes (9), who were now up in Arms. Upon this Prince's/,',, *-/^""*
coming among them, they proclaimed him King of Eng-s^x. Ann.
land, pretending, as they were in pofleffion of half the
Kingdom, they had as much ri^ht to make a King, as
the IVeJl-Saxons.

The retreat of Ethelward among the Danes, made the
King fenfible he was going to be involved in a troublefome
War, the conlequences whereof were :» be dreaded. Not
that he thought himfelf unable to withftand the Danes
fettled in England, but was apprehenfive the foreign Danes
would take this opportunity to plunge the Kingdom again
into its former Calamities. This Confideration made him

9 8


Vol. I.

Edward/,- theirs coft tliem fevcral ftrong-holds in Mercia, which

cures ftvcral
loivns in


Matt. Weft.

71. Cttnmen

da t ion of
El eda the

M Imft.
] [ui ti gd.
Bit nipt.

return* into

ivith Nor-
1 '
Sax- Ann.
I- V

•I 1 Dan s



Sax. Ann-

Edward deemed necefiary to fecure. He did not think
proper to chaftile them more feverely at this time, left
the War, which feemed to be over, fhoukl break out afrefti,
if he reduced them to a neceflity of fending for Suc-
cours from Denmark. He was fatisfied with repairing fome
Fortreffes in Mercia, in order to confine them within nar-
rower Bounds ( 1 ). Ethclrcd Earl of Mercia, and the
Princefs Elfieda his Wife, were very ferviceable to the King
in this War, by making head againft the Mercian Danes,
and preventing the IVelJh from coming to their Aid. It
is related of Elfieda, that having had a very hard Labour
with her firft Child, {he made a refolution never to come
into the like Cafe again, and was as good as her Word,
prom thenceforward (lie wholly devoted herfelf to Arms,
and like a true Amazon, gave proofs of her courage in all
the King her Brothel's Wars with the Danes. She was
generally ftiled [ not only Lady and £hiecn, but] King,
in admiration of her Manlike and Royal Abilities.

Mean while, Ethelward, though abfent, was not idle.

Malmsbury fays he held the Country as a Fief of the ..
Crown, much in the fame manner as the German Princes
hold their Territories of the Empire (S). Of this, Elfieda
his Widow's cefiion to the King her Brother of the Cities
of London and Oxford, is a farther Proof. If Ethelrcd,
had been only Governor or Viceroy, Elfieda would have
had no right to refign thefe two Places, fince they would
not have belonged to her (9).

Elfieda having taken upon her the Government of Mer-$**- A " n -
cia, after Etbelred's Death , followed the example of her h^™,^.
Father and Brother, in fortifying Towns, to. takeaway
from the Danes all hopes of fettling in Mercia again.
Among the Places fhe repaired, or fortified, thefe are the
Chief, Warwick, Tamworth , IVedensbury, Charbury,
Eadsbury, and Chejler (10). This laft had lain in ruins
for fome Time (11). When Elfieda had taken thefe
Precautions, fhe carried her Arms into Wales (12), and
after feveral victories, obliged the Weljh to become her.

The year 915, as fome affirm, is memorable for the_ 9 r S #

Upon leaving England, he applied to France, and obtained founding of the Univerfity of Cambridge by King Edward, fr^"^*


Sa\. Ann.
P at. Hill.


Ed'.. J 1. 1

makes ..
Peace 11 ith
the Danes.

The War



Earl of
jWetcia die:.
tax. Ann.

a powerful aid of Normans. With thefe forces he landed
in Effex {z), and eafily became Mailer of that Kingdom.
Edward, not expecting his Enemy could have been fo
foon ready to make a frefh attempt, had taken care only
to guard Mercia againft the Northumbrian-Danes, imagin-
ing Effex to be in no danger. The arrival of the Normans
rouzed the Danes of Northumberland and Eajl-Anglia , and
caufed them to refolve to make a diverfion in favor of Ethel-
ward. Accordingly they take up arms again, and throw-
ing themfelves into Mercia, ravage the Country inhabited
by the Englijh in a mercilefs manner ( 3 ). Edward, not
without extreme regret, faw himfelf forced to bear their
Infults, till he could draw his Troops together, which he
had difmiffed, as believing he fhould not want them fo
foon. The moment he was at the head of his Army, he
nude the Danes pay dear for the mifchief they had done
the Englijh. In this War he gained fo many Victories,
that the Danes loft all hopes of throwing off the Englijh
yoke, and his Coufin of mounting the Throne. At length
Ethelward being flain in Battle (4), and the Daniflj for-
ces confiderably diminifhed, they were not able to carry
on the War with that vigour they begun it. However,
they continued it two years after Ethelward's Death. But
having in vain endeavoured to repair their Loffes, they
fued for Peace (5); which Edward readily granted them,
on condition they would acknowledge him for Sovereign
as they had done his Father, and the Normans forthwith
return to France.

! This Peace could not hold long between two neigh-
bouring Nations fo exafperated againft one another. Ac-
cordingly after three years, the War was renewed (6). It
proved fatal to the Danes, who loft in a very little time
two Battles (7). Edward, who knew how to improve

.his Victories, took from them feveral Towns in Mercia,
and at length drove them quite out of that Kingdom.
Then it was that Ethelred, who had all along bravely
feconded the King his Brother-in-law, became in reality fex, and that London, the Capital formerly of the King-

But all agree not in this Matter. Some maintain $K. v , r f,ty of
Origin of this famous Univerfity is of a much later date. Cambridge.
Others, on the contrary, carry its Antiquity a great deal
higher, and attribute the founding of it to one Cantaber,
a Spaniard, three hundred and fifteen years before the
birth of our Saviour. Some again, cutting off almoft a
thoufand years of this Antiquity, are contented with ailert-
ing, that Sebert, who reigned in F.Jfex in the beginning
of the Vllth Century, was the firft Founder. I fhaH net-
take upon me to decide this Difpute, rendered very warm
by the emulation between Oxford and Cambridge. It is
fufEcient to have briefly mentioned the diversity of opini-
ons in this matter. However, I cannot forbear obferv-
ing, that if the Univerfity of Cambridge was in being in
King Sebert' % Time, or even in Alfred's, it is very fur-
prizine, that neither Bede in his Ecclefiajlical Hijlory, nor
Afferius in his Life of Alfred, fhould take the leaft notice
of it.

From the year 910, when the War between the Eng-
lijh and Danes was rekindleJ, to the year 922, we find in
Hiftory nothing but a long feries of Battles, the relation
whereof muft be unpleafant to the Reader (13). I fhall
therefore without any fcruple pafs them over in Silence,
and mention only the moft remarkable Confequences.

The Princefs Elfieda, Sifter to King Edward, died dur- 918.
ing this War (14), leaving an only Daughter, named E If- **• f'-> : »fi
wina, then marriageable. Elfieda, as was faid, fucceeded SaK . Ann'."'
her Husband in the Sovereignty of Mercia : I fay Save- Hunting.
reignty, becaufe it was certainly more than a bare Govern- '• 5-
ment. But not to give wrong notions of this matter, it
will be proper toconfider the ftate of Mercia at the Time
I am fpeaking of. Hiftorians not having clearly expreffed
themfelves, have left us very much in the dark as to this
Point. It muft be remembred, that Ethelred, with the
Title of Earl of Mercia, was in pofleffion only of London
and its Territory, or at moft of the County of Middle-

Earl of Mercia ; but was not long fo. He was taken
out of the World by Death, almoft as foon as that whole
Province was united under his Government. This Earl
was not barely Governor or Viceroy of Mercia : He had
fome particular Power, the nature of which it is very
difficult to learn from the Hiftorians that fpeak of it.

dom of Effex, was become the Metropolis of Mercia.
Afterwards, Ethelred'a narrow territories being much en-
larged by his conquefts upon the Mercian-Danes, Alfred's
prefent to his Son-in-law was become fo confiderable, as
to raife the jealoufy of the new King, and make him
apprehenfive of Etbclred's fucceffors growing too power-

This Peace was concluded at Yttingafrdj fuppofed to be Iffprdmax Chrifi-Cburcb

(i) This year, 90?., a Battle was fought between the Kentijbmtn and the Dane! at Holme, or Holmewood in Suffex. Sax. Ann. Flor. Wore, places it
under the year 904, and Huntingd. in the 12th year of King Edward, p. 353.

(2) Brompton lays, he landed in Nortbttmbria, the fame year he went away, and came the next year by Sea to Effex. p. 832.

(3) They over-ran and fpoiled all Mercia, as far as Creeklade in Wiltjhin, and there palling the Thames, carried away whatever they could find in
Brard:n Forell in the fame County. In the mean time King Edward purfued them, and wafted all the Country that lies between the Devil's Dileb
upon New-market Heath, and the Oufe. Ed-ward recalled his Forces from thence, but the Kemijhmtn flaying behind, were furrounded by the Dar.es ;
whereupon time followed a fmart Engagement, in which feveral were killed on both Sides, and among the reft Ethelward ; but the Danes got the Vic-
t< ry. .'.i.v. Ann. Huntingd. p. 352.

(4) The Saxon Annals tell us, the Battle was obftinatc and bloody on both Sides; the King loft the Earls Sigulfind Sigelm, with many more of hi:
Nobles. On the Danes part was (lain Eo'.iuk their King, with » greater number than of the Engljh, though they had the honour of keeping the Fiel<
and burying their dead. Sax. Aon. 905.

f5) S. Dumlm. fays, that Edward was forced to maize Peace, p. 133.
in Hamfjhtrc Sax. Ann. Huntingd. p. 3C2. Hived, p. 421. Bnmpt.

{b) Tiie Annals lay not by whom the Treaty was broken ; but Hmeden lays it to the Charge of the Danes, p. 421. Upon the renewing of the War,
King Edktiard fent, Anno 910. an Army of Wcfi-Saxtms and Mercians into Northumbna, who plundered that Kingdom for five weeks, and llew many of
the Danes, Sax. Ann. Huntingd. p. 352.

(?) 'i'hefijl was in 911, at IVednefeld. For the Danijb Army in Northumberland not regarding the Peace which King Edward and his Son had made
■with then), wafted again the Province of Mercia. In this Battle were llain feveral thnufands of the Danes, with their Kings Ectai/s and Healfdin. They
were fucceedfd by one Reginald. The fecund Battle was fought at Testenbale, or Tetnal in Stafford/hire. Sax. Ann. Flor. Wore. Huntingd. p. 352.
Brcn:pton. C.mden.

(8) Ethcli .1 bore the Title of Subrcgulus Mtrcionm. Selden affirms, Suhregulus is the fame with Ealdonnan or Count. Du Cange fays, it fignifies fome-
times Earl, iometimes Semi-Rex or Demi-King. Ir. this laft Senfe, it muft be underftood with refpect: to Ethelred, according to this Pallage of Malmjhury,
Edwardus duo Regna Merciorilm J Vtfi-Saxottum conjunxirat, Mtreicrum nomine tains, auippe eommend.itum Duel Ethelredo. Rapin.

!c,i Ar.nogsi, ln November, King Edward built a Cattle at Hertford. The next Summer he built Witham in Effex, and lay encamped at the

fame time with his Forces txMaUtm: And the grcateft part of Effex, which then belonged to the Danes, came in to him. Sax. Am. Huntingd. p. ,.-,.
Brmpt. p. S33. ' D3

(10) She alio built or repaired Caftles at Stafford, Bridginortb, Runckborne in Cbejhirc, and at Scfriate or Seargate. Sax. Ann. Hunting. Hived. Thefe
Calllts were built to fccure the Mercian Frontiers againft the Danijb and Welfb Incurfions. 'fyr. p. 316.

(11) It was demoliDied by Eefrid King of Northumberland, and afterwards by the Danes.

(12) And took Breeenar.mere (fufpofed to be Brecknock.) She alfo took, in oiS, Derby, and, in 920, Leicefler, Tori, Sec. Sax. Ann. Huntingd.

(13) Ir.r. 0I7l t h E Danes Hew many of the Englijh at Hocnorton in Oxford/hire; but a Body of them was defeated the fame year at Lelghton in Bedford-
ll"k 0° V' tl>C Dj ''" bcflc S ei1 Tm J ,tr in Noithamptonfiire, and Wigmore in Herefordjhire, but were repuls'd. The lame year thev took Colebefter, and killed

all the People in it; but making an attempt upon Mitdon, they were b:a;en bare and loll fevetal hundreds of Men. Sax. Ann. Hunt.nrd. p. io.\ Brcmpt
(14; l"P"pt> lays, that' in rclpect of the Cities (he built, the Callles ihe fo.-tified, and the Armies Die managed, it might have been thought Die had

a b„u s r siiTXt^MaZiVi sf!*** ini - vas bwtud in ih: P " th rf ta: MjmiK ' 7 ut si ' *"* in Ghn *"' wfcb ihe ani h " Hus "


7. EDWARD the Elder.



fill. However, whilft Elflcda lived, Edivard feemed not
to be jealous of her Profpcrity, and Ifttd no thoughts of
difpoflefling her of what fhe had gained in great meafure
by her own Valour. But after her Death, he did not
think fit to leave her daughter Elfwina in poflefiion of a
Detnefn, which put it in her power to raife new troubles
EjwrJ" in England by fome ill-contrived Match. And indeed,
apj'fdcrjwe t ] iere arc Hiftorians who affirm, the young Princefs had
b "ll" c " wr refolvcd upon marrying a DanUh Prince ( i ), and that
Mercia i« 'be therefore her Uncle deprived her of her Dominions. He was
D.im-,; and afraid no doubt, fhe would introduce the Enemies of the
't'£«t" n •'< kingdom into thofe very Places, that with fo much dif-
ficulty had been wreftcd out of their Hands. However
j. B v. ur. t his be, after Elfcda's Death', he feized upon Mercia,
*"' n " and carried his Niece with him into JFeffcx. In all like-
lihood fhe palfed the reft of her days in a Nunnery.
Whether El/'wina's defign of marrying a Dane was
matter of feet, or an invention to vindicate the King's
proceedings againft his Niece, it equally proves what was
before oblcrved, that Ethclrcd and Elflcda were proprietors
of Mercia. If they had been no more than Governors,
Edward would have had no occafion to alledge her intend-
ed marriage as a reafon to deprive her of the Government ;
as, on the other hand, there would have been no neceflity
of inventing fuch a Pretence, fuppofihg there was no Foun-
dation for it. I have enlarged a little on this Subject, be-
caufe of the great variety of opinions concerning the Right
of Earl Ethclrcd.
<j 2 , 5 In their wars with Edward, the Danes daily loft ground,

& 922. vvhilft the King, who knew how to improve his Advan-
*l'bt D iin tages, pufhed them inceflantly without giving them time
Aim,i n to breathe. By which means he at length compelled them

Edward- r , . y .. - 1 • r>

Floi. Wip. t0 lubmit, and own him once more tor their Sovereign,
s.ix. Am. The Mercian-Danes were the firft that threw down their
M. J wdi. Arms - The E °fi'Angles followed foon after, and fubmit-
ted without Terms. The Northumbrians were the laft,
as being the moft powerful, ahnoft all Northumberland be-
ing inhabited by Danes. The progrefs Edward had made
in the other Provinces, convinced them, it would be better
to fubinit than continue a war, which mult end in their ruin.
They were then governed by three Kings. Sithric and
Nigel his Brother reigned beyond the Tine, and Reginald,
who refided at York, ruled all the Country between the Tine
and the Humber. Some time after, Sithric having flain his
Brother Nigel, became fole King of the North.
Idward/.i- The ftate of the I 'Fcljlj depended in fome meafure on
Wtlih ' tnat °^ tne Danes. As long as the Danes were in Arms,
the Kings of England left the J/'iljh peaceably to enjoy
their Liberty. But as foon as they had nothing to fear
from the North, they feldom failed to attack them. At
fuch a juncture it was, that Elfteda, affifted by the Troops
of the King her Brother, compelled them to become her
J. Bevour. Tributaries. After her death the IVcIJIj endeavoured to free
themfelves from the Tribute fhe had laid upon them, and
to keep Edward employed, lent a powerful Aid to the
Danes. Edward, having then other affairs upon his hands,
took no notice of it : but as foon as he had concluded a
Peace with the Danes, marched againft Recs ap Madoc{z)
King of Wales, who was affiled by Leoffreth a Danijh Ge-
neral. After feveral indecifive Skirmifhes, Edivard at kill
obtained a fignal Victory, which reduced the If elf}} King
to a neceflity of fuing for Peace, with a promife of paying
TMiimtxr-the ufual Tribute. In fine, the Britons of Cumberland,
land Britons w i 10 j^j p ut tnem f e i ves uni } er in e Protection of the Danes,
likniil'tbc fnbmitted alio to Edward. Some Hiftorians pretend, the
King of King of Scotland following their Example, did Homage for
H >,1 *w- hi s Kingdom to the King of England. But the Scots not
M. Weft?" on 'y deny the Fadf, but maintain it could not poffiblv be,
fince the word Homage was never ufed in Great-Britain
'till after the Norman Conqueft. But this reafon is notdeci-
frve, for the thing fignified by that Term might be in ufe
under another name. And indeed, the Sovereignty of Al-
fred and Edward over the Northumbrian Danes and the
Mercians in the time of Ethihed and Elfleda, was nothing
elfe but a right of Homage from thofe Countries, though
perhaps the word was not then in ufe.
925. Edivard was enjoying the Fruits of his Victories, feared

dwad's and refpeftcd by all that could give him any umbrage at
home, and greatly efteemed by all Princes abroad, when
death took him out of the World in 925, after a reign of
twenty four years (3). He gained as great a Reputation
by his Arms as the King his Father, fince, like him, he
gave Law to all England, and procured the Kingdom a


repofe. But if he equalled the great Alfred in military
Virtues, it mull be owned he wasfarfhoit of his illuftiioua
Father in all other refpects (/)).

He had Children by three Wives, the firft named E"
wina, a Shepherd', Daughter, v. a, only a Concubine. An | d *T rd W
Hiftorian relates concerning this Woman, a fort of Ri ..
mancc, which, on account of the Sequel, it will be ne- Bromft.
ceflary to infert. I call it a Romance, fince by the Au-
thors own ewnfeflion, it has no better Foundation than
lomc old Songs handed down to his time (5]; much the
fame with your Spanijh Romances, wherein arc related fe-
veral Stories of their ancient Kings. 'Fhe Hiftorian fays,
Egwina, a Shepherd's Daughter, as file lay afleep in the
Fields, dreamt that the Moon flionc out of her Womb fo
bright that all England was cnlightncd by the Splendor.
Some time after, fhe took occafion to relate her Dream to
an old Woman that had been King Edward's Nurfc.
This Woman, who pretended to interpret Dreams, ima-
gining there was fomcthing extraordinary in this, took
Egivina into her Houfe, and educated her not as a (' iiitry
Wench, but as a Perfon of Quality. Egivina anfwered
all the old Nurfe's caie and pains about her, and in lime
became an accomplished Beauty. Whilft flic was in the
Houfe of her BenefacTtrcfs, Prince Edward, before he was
King, happening to pafs by the place where his Nui(e lived,
made her a Vifit. He call his Eyes on Egwina, and im-
mediately fell defperately in Love with her. His palJion
was fo violent, that in the moil moving and afitCing man-
ner he follicited the Nurfe to put him in poffeffion of the
charming Egwina. The old Woman, who had a great
affection for Edivard, and had always the Dream in her
Thoughts, yielded to his requeft, and brought Egivina to
confent to what he defired fo paflionately. 1- rom thai (
Time, Edward was extremely fond of Egwina, and hail \' u \" ' ' y
by her three Children, of whom Athelfian* the eldeit, fuc- E
ceededhim. Alfred the fecond died before his Father. The
third was a Daughter, called by fome Editha, by others

By another Wife, Edward had two Sons and fi. '-'

Daughters, Elfward the eldcft Son died at Oxford a fe\v /r
Days after his Father; fo that he had no time to tafte '
the fweets of a Crown. Edwin the fecond was de-
prived of his juft Rights, and came to a tragical End, as
(ball be related hereafter. Of the fix Daughters, fome
were married to poweiful Princes, by the "care of their
Brother Atheljlan, and others became Nuns. Elfieda the
eldeft was Aubefs of Rarnj.yf). Ogina was married to
Charles the Simple, King of France, and was Mother of
Lewis d'Outre Mer. Edilda palled her Days in a Mo-
nailery. The fourth, of the fame Name, was married
to Hugh the Great, Earl of Paris, Father of Hu«h
Capet. Edgitha was Wife of Otho Emperor of Ger-
many. Edgiva the youngeft efpoufed Lewis the Blind,
King of Provence, who had a Son by her, named Con-

By Edgiva his third Wife, Edward had two Sons and CbSUra b
two Daughters. Edmund and Edred the two Sons were';,'. '*'"'
both Kings of England. Edburga was a Nun, and her *
Sifter Edgiva was married to Lewis Prince of Jquitain.

It is very probable, this Edgiva was confounded with her
Sifter of the fame name by the fecond Wife, who was
married to Lewis King of Provence, becaufe there was then
no Prince of Jquitain mentioned in Hiltory.

The Danijh Hiftorians give Edward another Daughter
named Thyra, who, as they affirm, was Wife of ^Gor-
man III, one of their Kings. It is ftrange they fhould
fpeak fo pofitively of a Princefs of England, unknown to
all the Englijh Hiftorians.

During the reign of Edward the Elder, Rollo chief of Rellofrfi
the Normans m France, had gotten fuch firm touting in.
Neuftria, that it was not in the Power of the French m™^
to drive him thence ; CL;ries the Simple, then Kins; of Malmlb.
France, was forced, in order to free himfelf from the con- L fc '' 3 '
tinual fears of fo troublefome a Neighbour, to give him a
grant of that part of Neuftria he was nollefled" of, lying
between the Seine and the Epte, with the Title of
Duke of Normandy. The conditions were, that Rolb
fhould do Homage to the Crown of France, be baptized
and marry Gifelle the King's Daughter. Rollo died, ac- // ■ Dtxb.
cording to AfctTa/, in 917. Some place his death in 924,
and others with ftill lefs reafon in 928. William his Son, WlHim/if
by Pcppa Daughter of the Earl of Baycux, was his Sue- " L ' %

(1) Reginald King of the Dams. See Tyrrel. (2) i. e. Rtes the Son of Madcc. Rati*.

(3) He died at Farringdon in Berkjhue, and was buried at tl'inchcjier by his Father. Sax. Ann. Malmjb.

(+) He bu:lt and repaired feveral Cafties and Towns j njioo. Anno 91S, he built two Caftles at Buckingham, one on each Side the River Oufe. Anno 919,
he built one at Bedford, on the South Side of the River. Aim 920, he repaired and fortified Maldon in FJJex. Ann: 921, he did the lame at Tectflcr m
NoTtbampnnJb'm, Wtgmorc in thnfrdjhiri, CoUbifttr in EJpx, and Huntingdon. Anno 922, He built a Caftlc at Stamford. Anno 923, he repaired Tbthuall
in Cbejhirt and Mambcfler. Anno 924, h,e built a new Tuwn at A'ottingbam, on the South Side of theTrtnt ; Ind alio one near Baktwclt'm Dcrkyjbin. Sax.
Ann. Huntingd. Bromft.

iS) Mjgis ex cantilenis, cjuam ex libris, fays Malvjbury. The Story is told at large in Bnmfton, p. S31. (6) In Hamfjhirs.




Vol. I.




1 J elected
King of
Sax. Ann.

I. >. c. 6.

A Plot
mgainjl the

The Dane!
btgm to Jiit

marches :n


They are
Jbrctd to


FJ. Wig.

ELS WARD, Edward's eldeft Son, furviving his
Father but a few Days, and the reft of the legi-

Online LibraryM. (Paul) Rapin de ThoyrasThe history of England : written in French (Volume 1) → online text (page 41 of 360)