M. (Paul) Rapin de Thoyras.

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refolved for that reafon to invite into his Dominions as
many learned Foreigners as poffible, to found the Univer-

fity of Oxford (;), and ufe feveral other means to reftore
the Selences in his Kingdom.

Edward the Elder, following the example of his Father,
founded, for the fame reafon, the Univerfity of Cambridge,
as fome affert (6). I fhall not here alledge the Arguments
for and againft the Antiquity of this illuftrioUs Univerfity,
as being a matter attended with great Difficulties, and be-
fides, not immediately relating to the ftate of the Church.
But we have another particular belonging to this Reign,
where Religion is more concerned, by reafon of the Con-
fequences pretended to be drawn from thence, and which
it will be proper to infift upon a little.

Malmsbury relates in his Hiftory, that in the Reign of
Edward the Elder, Pope Formofus being informed, there
had been a feven Years Vacancy in the Weft-Saxon Sees,
fent a Bull into England, excommunicating the King and
all his Subjects. Whereupon the King allembled a general
Council, and Plegmund Archbifhop of Canterbury, caufing
the Bull to be lead, it was refolved the Vacancies fhould
be filled, and three new Sees erected in Wejfex. Pleg-
mund (continues the Hiftorian) went afterwards to Rome,
to get the Cenfure taken oft', and at his return, confecrated
feven Bifhops in one day. An antient Regifter of the
Priory of Canterbury fays much the fame thing, with this
Addition, that the Council made a particular Provifion for
the Cornifi) Men to recover them from their Errors. By
the way, we are to underftand by the Errors of the Cornijh,
who were fome of the Remains of the old Britons, their
reiuling to acknowledge the Papal Authority.

The Roman Catholiek Writers make a great flourifh up-
on this Bull, and produce it as a ltrong Inftance of the
Pope^s Authority, not only over the Bifhops, but the Kings
of England. But after all, this Bull upon examination
will be found inconiiftent with Chronology. Malmsbury
dates it in 904. But Pope Formofus died in S96, and was
dragged out of his Grave in 897, by Stephen his Succeflbr.
Baronius, to folve this Difficulty, fays the Date in Malmf-
bury is falfe, and fhould be written 894 inftead of 904.
'Tis true, thio Correction fets the matter right as to For-
mofus, but then the Cardinal falls into another Anaehronifm
with regard to Edward, who did not afcend the Throne
till the Year 900. Edward therefore muft be changed in-
to Alfred. But no Hiftorian mentions Alfred's being ex
communicated. Notwithftanding all this, they are ex-
tremely loth to part with this pretended Bull. Some have
fuppofed two Excommunications; one by Pope Formofus
in 894, againft the Bifhops only, without any mention ef
King Edward: Another by Pope John IX, which
threatned the King. To fupport this Suppofition, Malmf
bury, who fpeaks of Formofus's Bull, and Polydort Virgil,
who mentions Pope John's, are cited. But thefe Autho-
rities are very infurficient, fince Malmsbury is plainly mi-
ftaken, either in the date, or in the name of the Pope ;
and Polydore Virgil does not fay it was John IX, as is
pretended, but John X, that threatned Edward with
Excommunication, as indeed it muft be, if the Bull was
dated in 904. Thus this Bull, which has been fo much


- .'' 1 "

tended Bull
rf Pop.
Malm I. 2.
de G. ft.
Reg. A»


Vol. r.
P . 3 s 7 .

Di-uinet An-
fiver ti Sir
Cuke, p.

■36, -37-



(1) The Carter here tranllated is in the Monaftieon, p. 100. and is dated at Wilton in 8 54. Whereas there is another Charter very different from this
,n Ingulf but and Manb™ of Weftminfter, dated at mnchefter in S ,5. To folve this Difficulty, it is fuppofed that Ethehuulfb repeated this Gr^nt firft at
*. ,/ton tor the Tithes only ut his own Demefnt, and the Year following at Winebefter tor the Titha of the whole Kingdom. Though it muft be owned
that they both teemed equally to attend to all his Dominions. See Ingu'fb. r . 17. Edit. Gal. & M. Weft. Flor. I!,/}. An. 8 54. Ingulf but lay. this Char-
ter was made alter Etbehuulfb's Return trom Rome; but that could not be, feeing he was then only King of Kent.

(2) See Ingulfbus, p. 22, 23, 24. where you have a lamentable Account of the Deftniclion of thefe three Monafteries.

(3) A«94! K- E f m . ar (, 1 - eaveone of his Royal Towns, then called Beadrieefiuortb, with divers other Lands to build a Church and Monaftery in
memoiy of it. Edmund the Martyr, whole Body was there enihrined ; which Town was from him called St. Edmundtbury. Mat. Weft.,

(4 Matthew If efimmfier fays, his Head being thrown among the Biiars and Thorns in the lame Wood where Lodebrceh was murdered by Bern, the EaH-

ceafed till hey came ,0 the Place. The Head was put to h,s B, dy, and buried vf h it. When they came to take up his Corps, many Years after, i «
found v hole ana entire, and the Head grown to the Body, without the leaft Scar, only a Mails round the Neck like
70. Mahnsb. Gejt. Pontif. 1. 2.


rlet Thread. Mar. Weft, Fl. Hi}:.

lo ollWari ,\ M\ i . # , , ', , °' ^ f '\1 pubh ? d by Mr - C <"'<' "> P" l6 - ">« «>lks of a Dif P ute between GrimhaU, whom Alfred had fent

1 t is ,1 Ifl ! X r'th P r ' ^fr be,0re ' ■ FK,m n^ hmCe * " in, "' Cd ' that A 'f rid was not the *'« Founder of this Univcr/uy. On the other

•n'o a.e'd and .b' r , L fT '" f" 1 ^aT'. J'''" "J " 0t ''" tKc C< W V Milb <* h Archbift. p Farter; that Ujher is p titive for its being

h at I .the,' f ,h V a n ¥ " e f" $"* D ' 3th > ^ U " h ' lh " Cb > aa1 ' bMh ^M the Antiquity of cLlnd/e, as well as OxfirJ

either of them are mentioned by Bede ; that Aleum partes them over in filence, and talks of York as the Seat of Learning tier ■ ^ -

Burning oi the Lwranet and Mmafterits bv the Danes. Cm n.„ a VV™-J „,' ,„.. n, . j. .„ r.-c.r _V_

Delcr.ntinns ,f h R,;„ r l ■ ' l\7 P , " '" "" nLe ' and U ' ks "' ,V * as the Scat of Learning then : That Ingulf but, in hi

Defcripnons ot the Burning of the Lwrarus and Mmafiertet by the Danes, fays not a Word of any Damage done to Oxford Jcambridge: That Alfred com

ftood the Church-Prayert in Englijh, or Could conftrue Latin. Laftly, That had there ~be t n the:

W.i« thpri= tvir nic !■■!>. i r, ■. l,,.i ... t C^~ f~~ 1 j m*^_ ._ *_/i r* i ■ .■!_•. a., a t-i n

- r — ».._ —...... JJ(= u . i.n. A^i/'OMt) .(iiu irMvnujicria oy trie 1

to fc^TlT^r ™ " n , ,h= - f '^ '¥ ","'"'",' 'I;" ? dCTft °° d th ° Cb "" b -^'y" in Engl.Jh, or could conftrue Latin. Laftlv, That had thee be.n the
bU Orir, ion ,„ f T V "5 ' ' ' ^at Occafion ™ there for his .ending beyond Sea for learned Men to inftruCl his Sub efts .' The J pr ba

bl. Op nion therefore is that the Vmverjityof Oxford was firft founded by Alfreds S86. See Book of Winch. Higd.n. 1. 6. Harfsfield. Malm. The firft
miliatlZ. lT Wad '" W . 3n ; , . <: t nt , H V' lOTians - as an U ™'"% <" School of Learning, is in lngulfb, Abbot rf Cryland, who lived in the Reigns „f
" nZLrVl B ' mr n' hC f ^ S ' " Eg ° In S ul P hus . — P'° literisaddifcendis in teneriori £tatecon:ri.u,us, primum Weftmonafterio, poftmodun

• tS^indtbam'wSi. ^^.^73"'^° ^ ^ "**" ^ ^^ «™™«°»™ Tu.liiprimam.'^ecuilm


evef Ztl t ^"Xt'X ^T^ P "?T,, ^ ''" the LAmy ° f ^^'"t ™ " ** E™ted ,„ Cambridge bv this King Edward. But how-
ever, fome have earned back he Antiquity of this .Umyerjity to the Year 39+ before drift, pretending it was then founded bv cne Calaber, a Spaniard^
that ,t vv.,s reftored I by oi^rr K.ng of Eaft-Angha, in 630, whom others account the Founder. But it is plain from the Reafons in the Noiahm X ,
there was no fuch Thmg as any Unfuirflty at al till Alfreds. Time. And as fome lav (Coll Feel H,,l „ ,„„ 1 1 Keak, ' s m t 1 ne ™; ,t,: ,bo ". that

I 'niverftty at C-rfn^dll the Year ,. ,c, (Xth He, {, when jtfrid, Ab bt « ^f C^te Li^a^ Dil^Z thr^nL tf S ? f ""
jeach theSc«„„,. Thefe Monks coming to Cartridge, hired a Yam to teaeh in, and'ina vSte 1£%aI • ,' t W k 7 E '^' '°

big enough to contain them. From this Bender beginnine, fays Pant Blefenfis, ,he Univcr/lt, of Cawbridl/lrll Z '• I' \ r , ' ,,f !^

C»%e, ,U. Fetc-lUje, was founded by Hugh Balfoam, Bilhop of Ely, m 12S4. .... J S '""'"" "'*' E lcw U P tua n " b ' c ^ ° l L « f "'"S- The firtt


Book IV.

The State of the Church.


Great Pri-

J. 2. C. 7.

Crcyl.md ;
Ingulj h.

fofed the
of Sanctu-

bnafted of, falls to the ground^ as inconfiftcnt with

As to the Confccration of the feven Bifhops mentioned
by Malmsbury, there is not the fame reafon to queftion the
matter of fact. Tho' as to the time, this circumftance is
fomewhat perplexed, it is certain however, in the begin-
ning of the Xth Century there were fix Bifhops in fVeJJix,
whereas a little before there were but three. Ralph tic
Diceto places the erecting of the three new Sees in 909.
To reconcile this Hiftorian with Malmsbury, who fixes
the date of them 10904, this expedient is propofed, which,
if it has no foundation, is at leaft not improbable. It is
thought, that in the Synod or mixt Ajjembly held at IVin-
chejler in 904, the erection of the three new Bifliopricks
was rcfolved. But as thefe new Sra were to be taken
out of the Diocefes of ll'inchrjler and Sherburn, it was a-
gtced, this fhould not be done 'till atter the death of the
prefent Bifhops, that the Revenues they had hitherto en-
joyed, might not be lellcned. Both thefe Bifhops hap-
pening to die in 909, or perhaps a little before, and the
Bifhopiicks of IVorcejler and SuJJ'ex being alfo vacant at
the fame time, P leg tnund conkemted feven Bifhops at once,
namely, Fridftan Bifhop of tVincheJler, Werejlan of Shcr-
iurn, KenulphoA tWorceJler, Bcornock of Self y in Sujfex, Ea-
dulph of Creditors, or Kirton, Athchn of /Veils, and Athcl-
jtan of Petrockjtew or Padftow in Cornwal. The three
laft Sees were the newly ere&ed. Tho' Malmsbury and
Higden affirm the new creeled Bifhopricks had the Pope's
Confirmation, it is certain at that time, and for more than
two hundred years after, there was no fuch thing requir'd.
And therefore very probably, when thefe two Hiftorians
mentioned the Pope's Confirmation, they had an Eye to
the Cuftom of their own Times.

We meet with very few particulars of moment, except
fome Councils fpoken of hereafter, in the Reigns of Athel-
Jian, Edmund, and Edred. The mod remarkable thing
was the Charter of Privileges granted by Edmund, on ac-
count of Dunjlan the firft Abbot, to Glajfenbury Abby,
after it was rebuilt. Thefe Privileges were fo extenfive,
that the King feemed to intend to invert the Abbot with a
fort of fovereign Power within the Precincls of his Jurif-
didtion (t ).

The Abby of Croyland was alfo rebuilt in the Reign of
Edmund by Turketul the King's Coufin and Chancellor.
Fie afterwards turned Monk himfelf, and was made Abbot
by Edred, who put him in poffeffion, by the delivery of
a Pajloral Staff, according to the cuftom of thofe days.
Turketul obtained a very advantagious Charter for his Ab-
by. However, Edred refufed to grant him the Privilege
of Sanctuary, which that Abby had enjoyed before its de-
ftruction, being unwilling Malefactors fhould be protected
from Juftice.

This Prince was entirely fwayed by Dunjlan, who made
ufe of his Intereft, not only to put the Monks in poffeffion
of theAbbies, which the fecular Clergy had appropriated
to themfelves, but alfo of the Benefices. If Edred hzd not
died fo foon, Dunjlan would doubtlefs have fetled this Af-
fair in fuch a manner, as to have made it unalterable.
fiut this Prince dying before it could be compleated, Edwy
his Succeffor turned the Monks out of the Benefices, and
even out of fome of their Monafteries. To read the tra-
gical Complaints of the Monkifh Hiftorians upon this oc-
cafion, and their bitter Inveclives againft.£Vzvy, one would
imagine this Prince had utterly rooted out the Chriftian
Religion. Whereas upon a clofer Inquiry, it will appear,
the Monks were difpoffefied only of the two Monafteries
of Abbington and Malmsbury (2). This Lofs however was
fo grievous to them that they ftirred up the Northumbrians
and Alercians to a revolt, as hath been related.

It is needlefs to repeat here what has already been faid
of the great Intereft of Dunjlan in the Reign of Edgar,
and what he did in favour of the Monks. The Truth is,
he can't be blamed for exerting his power in replacing
them in the Monafteries. Though the religious Houfes
were deferted during the wars, they belonged not to the
fecular Clergy, fince they were founded for the Monks.

But he can't be fo eafily excufed, for endeavouring to
introduce the Monks into the Benefices, on pretence that
the fecular Prielh were mod of them married. I fhall
not examine here upon what ground the Councils and
Popes prohibited the Clergy from marrying. This mat-
ter has been fo fully handled by feveral Authors, that
nothing new can be added. I fhall only remark, that
from the Converfion of the Englijh to DunJ/an's time,
the Clergy of England were not obliged to Celibacy, and
that Dunjlan undertook an unprecedented thing, when
he attempted to bind them to it, in purfuance of the
Papal Decrees. It has been obferved in the Reign of
Edgar, how Dunjlan, countenanced by that Prince,
gained his point fo tar, as, not indeed to oblige them to
put away their Wives, but to expel them their Beneficed
for keeping them. However notvvithftanding his great
Intereft and Afr"ec~tion to the Monks, he could never it-
inftate them in the northern Monafteries. For above
two hundred years the Abbies in thofe partj were unin-
habited, and the very name of a Monk was fcarce heard
of there.
. I have but little to fay (3) concerning the new Bifhop- V* Bemvet
ricks, or the removal of the Epifcopal Sees from one place" ""
to another, at a time when one half of the Kingdom was ''*'' St "'
in the hands of the Danes, who as yet were Pagans.
Northumberland, Mercia and EaJlAnglia, being expos'd
to their continual ravages, it is not to be expeded the af-
fairs of the Church fhould proceed in a regular courfc.
Eajl-Anglia had never a Bifhop for above two hundred
years, and in Northumberland, the See of Haguljlad was
redue'd to fo wretched a ftate, that having long been
without a Bifhop, it was forced at laft to be united to
York. During Alfred's Reign, the Bifhopricks of Lei-
cejler and Lincoln were united in one, and the See re-
mov'd to Dorchejler (4), where it continued 'till the Reign
of William the Conqueror, when it was tranflated again
to Lincoln. I have already mention'd the ereclion of°the
three new Bifhopricks in JVeJfex, and therefore it is
needlefs to fay any thing more of them. This is all
that occurs, unlefs I were to give a Lift of the Names
of the Bifhops that fucceeded in" each See ; which would
lead me too far. Thofe who have a mind to it, may HetjtoXm.
confultDr. Heylin, who has publifhed a Book upon tha't^ Hi «<"y-
fubjecl, where you have the year of the Inftalment G f ,?C9 '

each Bifhop.

.T he P omc ' h heId '" th ' S interva1 ' werc Properly mixt The Cutneilu

AJfcmblies, conhftmg of the Clergy and Nobilitv, and
term'd in Saxon, IVitiena-Gemot, that is, an Aftcmbly of
wife Men, or rather Micel-Synod, which fi^nifies in the
fame Language, the Great, or General Affembly. Both
thefe names were rendered in Latin by the word Concilium.
But becaufe in thefe Affemblies, Laws and Ordinances re-
lating to the Church as well as the State, were enacted,
feveral of them are rcckon'd among the Councils or Sy-
nods. As for Councils purely Eccleliaftical, it dtes not
appear there were any, from Egbert to Edward the

Next to the Affembly at JVincheJler, where Ethel- SyoJ /
wulph is faid to have given a Grant of the Tithes, &">■•'■ y-
the molt confiderable with regatd to religious Affain. 92 R -
was the Synod of Graetley, in the Reign of Atheljlan. StTol 1.
I he Canons or Laws of this Council are Nine. r . 396.

The Ift enjoins the Payment of Tithes (5).

The lid commands the Magiftrates to put the
Laws in execution againft thofe that were convinced
by all the Circumftances of an Ordeal Tryzl (6).

The Hid is againft Witchcraft and Highwaymen.

The IVth relates to the Towns where the Money
was to be coined. At Canterbury there were to be
feven Mints, four for the King, two for the Archbi-
fhop, and one for the Abbot of St. AuguftineS. Rochejler

(1) This Charter was enfeoffed in Letters if Gold in a Buolc of tho four Go/pels, and prefented to the Abby by the King.

(z) And revhips Glafenhiry, which were all the Monks had in £.fe/s Time, the reft were in Poffeffion of the Seculars. See Titmwtb Hill Aur
Ms. 1. 21. rVuljlan. Vn. EtbeL ' J '

(3) Edred founded a Bilhop's See at St- Germans in Cortrwal, which was afterwards annexed by Canute to the See of tredinn or Klrtcn. Speed, p. 341

(4) In Oxfordfoire.

$ T . ,, w ' Wc '' is adde<J ' hc Kin»"s Order to all his Officers and Governors, to maintain a poor Man in Diet and Clothes; namrlv
his fill*, or Towns, there fhould be given an Amphra, or nine Gallons of Meal, a Gammon of Bacon, or a Ram worth her
\.mm alio to manumile a Slave. Spelwan. Cone. Vol. I. p. 39.3.

(6) See the Manner of this Tryal at leneth, in the Vlfertatic-n en the Gvvmtmmt and Laws ef the At>gl*-S*xeKs.

N°. 6. Vol. I. Pf

that rut of every two
Feme. They werc oach



The H I S T R T of E N G L A N D.

Vol. I.

was to have three, two for the King, and one for the The IXth prc-fTes farting on Pratnifddys, Friday;, and
Bifhop (i).


Vol. I.
P- 42 5.

Odo 1 ' Cots-


Ccnc. Valtl.
p. 4r 5 .

The Vth regulates the Circumftances and Forma-
lities of the Ordeal Trial, to know whether the Per-
fon accufed were guilty or not. And here we have
two things worth remarking. The firft is, That the
Priefts are fpoken of as fixed or fettled, in certain places.
Whence it is plain, that in thofe days they did not
live together in common ; but each had his particular
Church. The fecond is, that the accufed Perfon was
to receive the confecrated Bread. Whence it may be
inferred, that fince the Eucharift was called Bread after
the Confecration, the Church of England was far from
believing Tranfubjlantiatim.

The Vlth forbids buying and felling on Sunday.

The Vllth is againft Perjuries and falfe Witnef-
fes (2).

The VHIth orders the Bifhops to affift the Judges in
the execution of the Laws, and to fit upon the Bench
with them (3).

The IXth lays a Fine upon remifs and negligent Ma-
giftrates, which was to be paid to the Bifhop (4).

We find another Synod, or mixt Afiembly, in the
Reign of Edmund, wherein the Ceremonies of Mar-
riage, and Preliminary Securities the Parties were to give
one another, are fettled.

I have fpoken elfewhere of the Council where Ed-
gar harangued fo ftrenuoufly againft the fecular Priefts,
and of feveral others, that were aflembled on occafion
of the Controverfy between the Monks and Clergy,
and therefore (hall fay nothing more of them here.

To the Eccleftajlical Laws parted at thefe General
Aflemblies or Councils, may be aptly fubjoined certain
Conftitutions made in thofe days. The ten following
are Odo's, Archbifhop of Canterbury.

The firft threatens all thofe who injure the Church in
her Property with Excommunication.

The lid exhorts Princes [and other great Men] to
be governed by the directions of the Bifhops, becaufe
God has entrufted them with the Keys of the Kingdom of

The Hid admonifhes Bifhops to difcharge their
Duty (5), without any mercenary Views, or refpecc of

The IVth and Vth give good Advice to the Cler-


The Vlth does the fame with regard to the Monks.

The Vllth prohibits unlawful Marriages, upon the fcore
of nearnefs of Relation : But the degrees of Confanguinity
and Affinity are not recited.

The VHIth recommends Unity and Charity among

the four Ember IVeeks.

The Xth enjoins the punftual Payment of Tithes, Mai. iiL
from Reafons taken out of the Old Teltament, without
any mention of Etbelwulpb's Chatter.

There are other Conftitutions, published under King "•"'' '•" : -'
Edgar, but the Author of them is unknown. The prin- &Z^!
cipal are, p. 444.

The Ift, which confirms the Civil Privileges and
Immunities of the Church, and orders the payment of
Tithes ().

And the Vth, by which the Solemnity of Sunday is
to begin at three o' Clock on Saturday in the After-
noon (7).

In this Reign were publifh'd a Body of Canons (8),
of which the following are particularly remarkable.

By the Vth, if a Prieft receiv'd any Injury, the Com-
plaint was to be preferr'd to the Synod, who were to
treat the Cafe, as if the Injury had actually been done to
the whole Body of the Clergy, and take care that
fatisfatftion be made at the Difcretion of the Bifhop of the

The Xlth enjoins the Priefts to learn fome employ-
ment, in order to get their livelihood in cafe of misfor-

The XVIIth orders Parents to teach their Children
the Lord's-Prayer and the Apoftles-Creed, without which
they were neither to be admitted to the Eucharift, nor
buried in confecrated ground.

The XXIXth forbids the burying in Churches all thofe
that were not of known and approv'd Probity.

The XXXIId prohibits the Priefts from officiating
without the Serv ice-Book before them, for fear the
trufting to their Memories might make them mif-

By the XXXVIth, no Perfon was to eat or drink
before the receiving the Communion.

The XXXVIIIth enjoins the Prieft to have the holy
Eucharift (9) always ready by him: But in cafe it grew
fo ftale that it could not be eaten without difgufting the
Palate, it was to be burnt in a clear Fire, and the Afties laid
under the Altar. Hence it is eafy to fee what the
Church's Opinion was then of the Eucharift , fince it
was believ'd it could grow ftale, and was to be burnt
after it was fpoil'd ( 1 o).

The LUId forbids the eating of Blood (11).

After thefe Canons, there follows a very particular
Form of Confeffion, with what Penances the Confeflbr
is to enjoin. We find here that the Penitent was or-
der'd to fay the Lord's-Prayer threefcore times a day,

(1) London was to have eight, JVincheJitr fix, Leu'ii, Southampton, Exeter, Sbaftfbury, JVarebam, two each, and every other great Town was to
have one It' any Perlbn belonging to thefe Mints was found guilty of debating the Coin (which was to be ail of one Sort) his right Hand was to be cut
off, and nailed upon the out-fide of the Mint. See Spelman, Ccnc. Vol. I. p. 399. The fame Appointment was made by Atbel/lan, only he ordered
that (befides the Places here mentioned) Canterbury fhould have {even, Rocbefier thiee, Ha/tings and Cbubdjler one each, &c. See Leg. 64. in

(2) The Penalty is, not to be believed afterwards, and to be debarred of Chriftian Burial.

(3) In this fame Council were fome remarkable Civil Laws enacted, particularly one againft Thieves, requiring, That if a Thief be taken in the fact
no man fhall lparc him, if he be above twenty years old, and had ftole any thing above the value of eight pence. If any one do contrary thereto, he
fhall pay the value of the Thief's head, and make amends for the fault, and yet the Tfiief himfelf (hall not be fpared } who if he contumacLufiy make
refinance, or fly for it, fhall find no favour. A Thief caft into Prifon (hall there flay forty days, and then after the payment of one hunJnd and twenty
Shill : ngs be dilcharged; but his Kindred muff give fecurity for his good behaviour; after which if he fteal again, they muff cither pay the value of his
Head, or bring him back to Prifon; and in caie one refift, he fhall pay to the King, or to any ether whom it concerns, the value of his own Head;
and if any defend him, he ihall pay to the King one hundred and twenty Shillings.

(4) Namely, of the Diocefe where the Magiftrate lived.

(5) That is, to go and preach about their Diocefe every Year, Cvc.

(6) The Hid ciders the Payment of the Tithe of Cattle before Whitfuntide, of the Fmits of the Earth before the Equinox, and of Seeds at the Feaft
of St. Martin. Spelman, p. 444.

(7) And to continue 'till break of Day on Monday, Spelman p. 445. Edgar made feveral other Cmftitutient for the Regulation of Religious Houfes. In
thofe in the Book belonging to H'mcheJIer Cathedral, Edgar makes himfelf General of the Monks, and Queen of the Nuns. Spehnan, p. 447.

Online LibraryM. (Paul) Rapin de ThoyrasThe history of England : written in French (Volume 1) → online text (page 47 of 360)