M. (Paul) Rapin de Thoyras.

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do better than fecure Geoffrey in his intereft, that he might
be always ready to affift that Duchy in cafe of attack.

If Matilda fliowed fome reluctance to comply with her
Father's will, the Englifi) and Norman Barons feemed no
^tttl' b *' kfs diffatisfied with this alliance., They imagined, they
ought to have been confulted in, an affair which was to
give them a King. Moreover, fome had fecretly flatter-
ed themfelyes with one day mounting the throne, by mar-
rying the Emprefs. It was eafy therefore to forefee, that
the oath by which the King meant to bind them, would
be of little force after his death. But befides that he ima-
gined none would venture to break it, his dread of the
King oi France and IVilliam Crito, caufed him to confider
only the prefent advantage procured him by the marriage
of his daughter.

He was very juftly apprchenfive of a League between
Lewis and William Crito. The King of France no longer
concealing his defign of putting the young Prince in
poffeffion of his Father's dominions, had now invefted
him with the Earldom of Flanders, the better to enable
him to wage war with the King his Uncle. To pre-
vent his Enemy's defigns, Henry ufed two methods with
equal fuccefs. The firft was, to carry the war into
France. The fecond, to ingage the Flemings to rife a-
gainft their new Earl, and join with Thsodoric of Alfatia,
who pretended to Flanders. Purfuant to his Scheme, he
entered France with a powerful army, whilft, on the
other hand, the towns of Flanders openly declared a-
gainft his Nephew. Alojl was the firft William under-



1 izi.

Crito made
Earl of
Flanders.
Sax. Ann.
S. Dunelm.



The year 1 1 32 was remarkable for the founding of an 1132.
Epifcopal See at Carlijle, and the burning great part °f ^. ur lU n l d *
London. As the houies were moftly built of wood, this
City was frequently fubjedt to the like accidents.

The next year, a new occafion of Joy blotted out the 1 133.
remembrance of this misfortune. Matilda was brought Birth of
to bed of a Prince, named Henry after his Grandfather. H "" r '
Immediately after the birth of this Prince, the King Huntingd.
affembled all the great Men, and caufed them to renew R- Diet: .
the oath of the fucceffion, in which the new-born M ' yf |J'_
Prince was included. This was the third time he made
them take this oath, which however was never the bet-
ter obferved. Matilda had two Sons more, namely,
Geoffrey and U iiliam, of whom I fhall have occafion to
fpeak hereafter.

Towards the latter end of the Summer, the King Henry gees
went over for the Iaft time to Normandy. The day"""* 1 ""
he embarked, there was an eclipfe of the Sun, and two jv! 3 i ml i,.
days after a great Earthquake, Flames of fire iffuing out Sax. Ann.
of the clifts of the Earth with great violence. eSome
will have thefe accidents to be prefages of the King's
death, which however did not happen till two years
after. Robert his eldeft Brother died before him at the Robert hi
Caftle of Cardiff, where he had been prifoner twenty- *£*%*"'
fix years (11). He was a Prince of great courage, and jj! Paris."
for fome time, of great reputation. His eafy, carelels
and profufe temper, made him lofe twice the opportu-
nity of acquiring the crown of England, which he had
a better claim to, and perhaps was more deferving of
than his Brothers. He was firnamed Coitrte-hofe, either
for wearing his Breeches very fliort, or becaufc his Malmfb.
Legs were not long enough in proportion to the reft of
his body (12). Some give him the Sirname oi Courteous,
miftaking the meaning of the Word Courte-hofe, and
becaufe that name was fuitable to his generous temper.



(1) In 112.6, September 11, King Henry returned to England from Normandy, having been there ever fince U'L, itfimide, 1123. See Sax. dm- S. Du-
nelm. p. 254. Brompt. p. 1015. Huntingdon, p. 3S3.

(2) After her Hufband's death in 1 12^ fhe came to the King her Father in Normandy ; and in 1 126, came over to England along with him. Brompt.
p. 1015. Sax. Ann. Malmjb. p. 17'. S. Dunelm. p. 251.

(3) The Archbifhops, Bifhupi, Abbots, Earls and Thanes. Sex. Ann.

(4) Ke came to England in 1 126, after Miebaclnafs, and fpent a whole Year here. Sax. Ann.

(5) Namely, Huntingdonjhire, Northumberland, and Cumberland.

(6) Hcfcnther, niXetWhitfmtide, to Normandy, where fhe was attended by Robert Earl of Gloutejler, and Biian, Son of Alan Fergcant Earl of Ricb-
mond, with Orders that the Marriage Ceremony fhould be performed by the Archbifhop of Rcan. Henry himfclf went over into Normandy, Auguft 20.
to fee the Marriage concluded. Sax. Ann. Malmjb. p. 175. Huntingdon, p. 3S3. S. Dunelm. p. 255. Geoffrey, Earl of Anjon, was but fifteen years
old. P. Daniel, p. 223.

(7) Taking hold of a Man's Lance, he was wounded in the Ball of the Thumb ; which turning to a Cjngrcne, he died five days after in St. Bert.n s
Monaftcry, on Julyzj. Sax. Ann. S. Dunelm. p.255. P. Daniel, p. 225. Set his Tomband Epitefh HiSandford, p. 17.

(8) Upon which account he is, in the Bclgick Hiftories, firnamed Mtjer. Tyrrel, p. 172.

(9) About the beginning of July, inlI3i. S. Dunelm. p. 256. Sax. Ann. Malmjb. p. 177-

(10) At Northampton. Huntingdon, p. 384. Malmjb. p. 177.

(11) It was about twenty-feven, namely, from 1 107 to 1 134, February 10. Old, Vitalil. Jf. Gtmiticen,

(12) Malm/bury fays he, was (0 named, becaufe he was fmall of Stature, p. r-3.

He



Book VI.



3. HENRY I.



1 1 3 3. He was buried at Gloucejier in (he Choir of the Cathedral,

where his tomb is ftill to be feen ( i ).
.,., The death of Robert was quickly followed by that of

Tic Death <f the King his Brother. About the latter end of ytugtt/l,
Henry- 1 135- he was feized with a violent illncfs, which carried
him off in (even days. It is (aid, he was the occafion of
it himfelf, by eating to excels of fome Lampreys, of
which he was very fond. He was then at the Caftle
of Lyon near Roan, a place he much delighted in. When
he found he was near his end, he fciit for the Earl of
Gloccjicr his natural Son, and earneftly recommended to
him the concerns of the Emprcfs his daughter, without
mentioning the Earl of Anjou his Son-in-law, with whom
Ord. Vital, he was difpleafed. After this, he made his Will, leaving
to his domefticks above fixty thoidand Pounds Sterling.
He ordered his debts to be punctually paid, and all arrears
due to him to be remitted. He died on the fecond of
December (2), in the fixty-eighth year of his age, and the
thirty-fixth of his reign. His Body was cut in pieces in
order to be embalmed (3), after the rude manner of thofe
days, becaufc he was to be buried in England, in the Ab-
bey of Readimg (4).

We find in this Prince a great mixture of good and
bad qualities. He was very couragious, and of a great
capacity, both in military and civil affairs. His pru-
dence in the administration of his government appeared
chiefly in that during his frequent voyages to Normandy,
there was never any infurrefftion in England, though
the kingdom did not want Male-contents. He was ex-
ceeding regular in his diet. Never was he known to be
guilty of any excels in eating or drinking, except that
which coft him his Life. He was inexorable to all
Malefactors, being perfuaded, feverity was abfolutely ne-
cellary to curb the Licentioufnefs introduced in the late
reign. His education Was the reverfe of that of Wil-
liam Ri/fus : Whereas this Iaft had no learning at all,
Henry was brought up to Letters, and made great pro-
grefs in his Studies. Hence he acquired the iirname of
Beau-Clcre, that is, the Scholar, for in thofe days none
but Ecclefiafticks troubled thcmfelves about Books, and
Princes leaft of all others. He retained all his life long



His Cha-
racter.



199

a relifti for the Sciences, imbibed in his youth. He had m 35.
eVen built a Palace at Oxford, where he often retired to
divert himfelf with the converfation of the Learned.
His handfomc Face, his fwect and ferine Looks, his free
and open Countenance, his affable Carriage and agreeable
Converfation, prepoflefled at firft fight all the World in
his favour. Thefe fine qualitie, would have rendered
him an accornplifhed Prince, had they not been fullied
with many faults, among which, Cruelty, Avarice, and
an inordinate love of Women, were moft predominant.
The firft appeared in the barbarous ufage of his elder Bro-
ther. The fecond, in his exorbitant and frequent taxes
on the People. The third, in the great number of
Baftards by Ccveral Miftrefies. I fliall not ftay to remark
here his usurpation of the crown ; becaufe it may be ob-
jected, Robert's claim was not incontestable, by rcafbn of
the diverfity of opinions on that lubjecl. But for his in-
juflicc to his Brother, in depriving him of his dominions,
and detaining him prifoner twenty-fix years, i think no-
thing can be alledged to excufe it. In order to repair in
fome meafure his mifdemeanours, he founded the 1
pal Sees of Ely and Carlijle, and the Abbies of Reading,
Hyde, Cbefter, with the Priory of Dunftable (5). This
was the method of atoning for offences, much in vogue in
thofe days, which being very eafy for the Rich and Pow-
erful, was long in ulc and is ftill pracfifed to this day.
The Charter this Prince granted the Nation upon his
acceffion to the Crown, is one of the moft remarkable
particulars of his reign, during which England enjoyed a
prodigious plenty of all things. For a Shilling might be
bought as much corn as would ferve one hundred men a
day; and for a Groat, which was alfo the price of a
Sheep, as much hay and oats as twenty Horfes cculd cat
in the fame time. It is true indeed, Money was then
much (career than at prcfent.

Henry left only one legitimate daughter, namely, the;,.
Emprefs Matilda, and twelve natural Children. Among
whom Robert Earl ofGloee/ler made the greatefl figure (6),
as well on account of his perfonal merit, as for Ins fteddy
adherence to the Emprefs his Sifter, as will be fecn in the
following reign (7).

The



(1) He lies in the middle of the Choir, where, not long after, was erected for him a Tomb of Wainfcot in the fenn of a Cheft, with his Image there-
on Crofs-legged, carved to the Life in heart of Oak. Upon the Panncls of the Cheft are pencilled the Arms of feveral of the Worthies, and at the foot,
the Arms of France and England (Quarterly, which (how thefe El'cutcheons to be painted fincc the Reign of Henry IV. The Parliament Soldiers in
Char/e: l's time tore it to pieces, but the Parcels (ready to be burnt) were bought of the Soldiers by Sir Humphry Tracy of Staniuay, and after the Reitera-
tion, put together again, and bcautilicd at his own Charge, and defended with a Wire-skrceri. Sandfcrd. Huntingdon fays he died of Grief fcr being for-
ced to wear a caft-off Coat of the King his Brother.

(a) Rapin by miftake fay; September. He died about Midnight the firft of December, hew? Sunday.

(3j Gemiaje of Canterbury gives us the barbarous manner of embalming the Ring's Body. They cut great Gafhes in his Flcfh with Knives, and then
powdering it well with Salt, wrapped it up in tanned Ox-hides to avoid the Stench, which was lo infectious, that a Man who was hired to <>pen bis Head'
died prefently after.

(4/ Though there is no mention of this King's Monument, the Monks of Reading are thought to erect a Tomb anfwcrable to the Dignity of their Foun-
Jer. Upon the Supprellion of the Abbies;, his Bones are laid to be thrown out to make rum for a Stable of Horfes. The Monaircr) is now a Dwelling-
hcufe. Sand/ord.

(5) Among his other Buildings was a magnificent Palace at WoodJIock, to which he adjoined a large Park, inclcs'd with a SBrme-Wali, which is affirm-
ed to be the firft Park in England. Though there were afterwards to great a Number, that there were computed more in this Kingdom, than in all the
Chriftian World befides.

(6) The reft of his natural Children were; II. Richard by the Widow of An/nil a Nobleman in Oxfrdfliire. He was drowned" with Prince 71':!:. ..
III. Reynald cie. tad Ear! of Ccrrtivalin the cth of Stephen, by Sibil Daughter of Sir Robert Corbet of Akejler in Warwichjhirc. IV. Robert by Editba,
Daughter of a northern Gentleman." V- Gilbert, mentioned without any particulars by W. Ceraet. Vi. William de Tracy, fo named li^m a Town in
Normandy. VII. llemy, by Nefta Daughter of Rca af Tudor, Prince of South-Wales. [Wife afterwards of" Gerald of Wi djbr, C nftablc of. Pi
Caftle, and Anceftor of the Earls ot Kildare in Ireland.) He was bcrn and bred, and lived and married in Wales, having two Sons Metier and Robe, t.
He loft his Life in the Conflicl betwixt Magnus Son of the King of Norway, and Httgl Montgomery Ear] 1 1 Sbrc&JBury, 1 19-. VIII. Maud, Wife of
Rotro Earl of Perth. She was drowned v^ith. Prince William. IX. Another Maud married to Conan the Grcjs, Earl oiE;c-r ie. X. J:.....n married
to Eujlace de Facie, natural Son of William de Brctevil, eldeft Son and Heir of William, and elder Brother of Roger fearl of Here) rd in England. XI. Con-
fiance Wife of Rojcelin, Vifcount Bcaum it (a Townoi Maine in France) and by him Mother of Richard Vifcount Beaumont, Father ot Ermengttard f,

of William Kin- of Scotland, and of Confiance de Teen, to whom King j ohn confirmed the Eftate of her Grandmother Confiance. XII. EltoAbetb, Kr, -
zabcth Sifter ofWa/eran Earl of Mellent. married to Alexander King of Scots. Thefe, with two other namelcfs Dan -liters, arc mentioned byGei
fit, 1.8. 029.

(7) I- The- Places at which Henry I. is recorded to have he'd his Court, are as foil ws. In ::co, at Cbriftmajs, nt Weftminfter. In not, at Eajier, at
Wincbefter; and at Chriflmaji, at Weftminfter. (Sax. Ann. Huntingd.-o.yji. S Dunelm. p- 22G.) In I 102, at Either, at Wi be ■ , a..:.'. ..-. , . .-
Wejlminjler, or London ; and at Chri/lmajs, it We/lminfler. (Sax. Ann. S. Dunelm. p. 21-. J In r 103, at Eajier, at Wincbefter. (Sax. Ann. S. !
0. 22S. I al Cbriftmajs, at Weftminfter. In 1104, at Ea/ler, at Winchefter ; at Whitfuntide, at Weftminfter; and at ( Windjor. (Sax. Ann. S.

Dunelm. p. 228,129.; In U05, at Cbriftmafs, at Weftminfter. (Sax. Ann.) In 1 106, at Eajier, at Bath ; and at I! tit t Salijbury. ( Sax. Ann.)

In 1 107, at Eajier, at Windjor; at Wbitfuntide, at Wejlminjler; in the beginning ot Auguft, at the fame place again. . Ann. Eadmer, p. 9c, 91.

Dicero, p. 500. S. Dunelm, p. 230.; as alio at Chrijlmajs. (Sax. Ann.) In 1 10S, at Eajier, at Winchejler ; and at Wbitfuntide; at Weftminfter. Sax. Ann.)
In HOCf,SLtWbitJuntide,s.t Weftminfter. ( Sax. Ann. Brompt. p, 1003. Eadmer, p. 102.^) and at Chri/lmajs, at Wejlminjler. (Sax. Ann. Eadmer, p. 105.)
In IIIO, at Eajier, at Marlborough; and at Whitjuntidi, at Keto Windjor, which he built. ( Hnnringd. p. 379. Brompt. p. 1004. ) In 1 1 13, September 16,
at Wejlminjler. (Eadmer, p. 114.,) and at Chrijlmajs, at Windjor. (Sax. Ann.) In 1 1 1 5, at Chrijlmajs, at St. Albans. ( Sax. Ann. Huntingd. p. ^Zc.) In
irr6, at Eajier, at Odiham in Hampjbire. (Sax. Ann.) In 1 1 iS, at London. (Eadmer, p. 1 iS.,1 In 1 lao, at Chrijhnafi, at Brampton. (Sax. Ann. Hun-
tingd. p 381.,; In U2I, in Epiphany, at London. (Eadmer, p. 136. J at Eajier, at Berkley; at Whitfuntide, at Weftminfter. (Sax. Ann. Huntingd. p. 3S1.)
and at Cbriftmajs, at Norwich. [Sax. Ann.) In 1 122, at Eajier, at Northampton; at Whitfuntide, at Windjor. (Sax. Ann. Homed, p. 477. Hmnttngd. v.
382. Brompt. p. 1014.) and at Chrijlmajs, at Dunjlable. (Sax. Ann.) In r 123, at Wcodjioci, (Sax. Ann.) at Berthamftcd. ( Huntingd. p. 382. Honied.
p. 477. J at Candlcmajs, at Gloucejier. (Sax. Ann. S. Dunelm. p. 247.^ In 1:24, in the beginning of December, at Hunc-.t at LeiceflerJhire. ' Sax. .In;.)
In 1126, at Cbriftmajs, at Windjor. (Sax. Ann. S. Dunelm. p. 254.) In 1127, at London, in May. (Huntingd. p. 3S3. Homed, p. 47S.,) In 1129, at
Chrijlmajs, at Worcejler. ( Huntingd. p. 384.) In I t3o. at Eajier, at Wecdfcock ; and in May, at Canterbury. (Huntingd. ibid. J Inli3i,at.'
September S ; and at Chrijlmajs, at Dunjtable. (Huntingd. p. 3S4, 38 5. ) In n 32, at Eajter, at Woodftock ; and a:: , . x London; at Cbriftm •';, at

Windjor. (Hunt. p. 3S5.J In r 1 33, at London, in Lent ; at Eajter, at Oxford ; and>n May, at Winchefter. (Huntingd. p. 3S5. Brompt.)

II. The moft memorable Occurrences not mentioned by Mr. Rapin, are thefe. In the Year 1 1 12, there was a Plague in England. (Sax. Ann.) And in
1113, Worcejler was burnt to the Ground, in June. (S. Dunelm. p. 256. Brompt. p. JC05.J In 1 1 14, October 10, the Water was fo low in the Thames,
for near twenty-four Hours, that People could not only ride through between the Bridge and the Tower, but great Numbers cl Men and Boys even palled
it there on foot, the VVater hardly reaching up to their Knees. It was the fame in the Medncay, at }"-■ •- all , and other Places. ( Sax. Am. Eadmer,
p. III. 6". Dunelm. p. 236. Brompt. p. loot;. J In I 119, and II22, there were two Earthquakes in Gloucejlerjhirc, Worcejler /hire, and Sornet jeljhire, Sax.
Ann.) In 1 122, King Henry ordered a Wall to be built round Carlijle. (S. Dunelm. p. 246. ) In 1 123, May 19, the City ct Lincoln was aln.v . 1
burnt down. (Sax. Ann.) Inii.24, there was fo great a Dearth in England, that a Horfe-loaJ of Wheat was fold fcr Six Shillings. ( Sax. Ann. Hun-
tingd. p. 3S2.J In 1131, January 11, there was a remarkable Aurora Borcalis. ( Sax. Ann. Malmjh.p. 1 - .)

HI. The manner of paying in and computing the King's Money being fhown in the Ne re at the End of Will. am Rufus's reign, it may not be amifs to (how
here how the royal Revenue was levied and the manner of iiluing it. Firft, as to the laying, the Perl'on principally i'ntrufttd, was the SI '"of each Coun-
ty, who in thofe Days was an Officer of great Authority- However, there were feveral other ftated Collectors *nd'Acccmptants, namely, The EjciA-
tors, the Farmers, (or Cujhdcs of fuch Towns and Burghs as were not within the Sheriff's receipt) the CuJIodes Cambii, or Cuftomers, the Keepers of theW»rd^
robe, and in general, all Perfons who held Baily wicks from the King, or received any of his Treafure or Revenue by Impreft, orotherwifc, were obliged to
render an account thereof, and in fucceeding times the Collector, of 'callages, Dijmes, Qitinzimes, Sec. But inttfe thefe Officers cculd not enforce the King's
Debtors to make payment, the Sheriff was armed with fufticient Power to do it. The moft antient Prcccfs mada ufe of was the Summons of the Excbc-
fuer, which ifiucd twice a Year into all the Counties of England, and was returnable againft the Times of holaini. the Dm Sctccarid, namely, the Scac-

cariun



200



the H I S r JIT of E N G L A N D.

4



Vol. I.



4. The Reign of King STEPHEN.



Henry's pre
e&utians in-
cffe&uaL



Fdlft Mea-
sures of the
Nerman
Kings.



Stephen,
Nepbeiu tJ
Henry, af-
files tu the
crewn in
his Ur.cle's
Life time.



Brcmpt.



HE NR T imagined he had taken fojuft mcafurei
to fecure the fucceffion to the Emprcis his daugh-
ter, that he couid not believe they would ever
fail. The triple oath, by which he had bound
the Lords fpiritual and temporal, feemed to him a fuffici-
ent fence againft their ambition. At leaft, he could not
think, that^ fuppofing, fome one fhould irreligioufly vio-
late fo folemn engagements, the reft would be willing to
favour his defigns. And yet, this tie, which appeared fo
ftrong, could not hinder thofe whom he lcaft miftrufted,
from contriving even before his death, how to render all
his precautions ineffectual. We may have obferved, in
the three foregoing reigns, with what partiality riches,
honours, and places, were beftowed upon foreigners, par-
ticularly upon thofe that had any relation to the Royal
Family. Thefe three laft Kings, by excluding the En-
glifii from their favours in order to lavifh thorn on the
Normans, were in hopes, by that means, to fecure the
Crown in their family. But on the contrary, by heap-
ing eftates and honours on their relations, inftead of gain-
ing their children friends, they created them rivals. By
ftrengthening the foreigners againft the Engli/h, they un-
adviledly cherifhed the ambition of the former, and put it
out of the power of the latter to fupport the Royal Fa-
mily, when moft in need of Protection.

Among thofe that fhared the late King's favours,
Stephen Earl of Boulogne his nephew, was the moft con-
fiderablc. Adela his mother, daughter of William the
Conqueror, brought the Earl of Blois her husband four
Sons, of whom Theobald, the fecond, fucceeded his fa-
ther, tlig eldcft being incapacitated by fome natural de-
fects. Stephen, the third Son, was fent into England to
the King his Uncle. Henry the youngeft, was a Monk
in the Monaftery of Clugni. Stephens noble qualities foon
f lined him the efteem and affection of the King, who
took a pleafure in making him rich and powerful. Be-
fides he politickly thought he could do no better than ena-
ble his Nephews to fupport his family. With this view,
he conferred on Stephen the lands taken from the Earl of
Mortaign, and fending for Henry from the monaftery of
Clugni, made him Abbot of Glaffenbury, and, fome time
after, Bifhop of Winchcfter. The King's favour gaining
the two Brothers great credit and intereft in England,
they formed fo ftrong a party, that they thought them-
felves able to take advantage of the difafter befallen the
Royal Family, in the death of Prince William. It is
true, when the late King was defirous to fecure the crown
to Matilda, Stephen was the firft that fwore to that Prin-
cefs. But, befides that he could not be excufed, it was
not yet time to difcover his defigns. Perhaps too he ho-
ped the King out of affection might give him his daugh-
ter. However this be, his hopes, if he had entertained
any, vanifhing with Matilda's marriage with the Earl of



Anjou, he turned his thoughts to the accomplifhing of his > > 3S«
project. By means of fecret emiffaries, he fomented the
difcontent caufed by this marriage among the nobility,
and made fure beforehand of the affiftance of thofe, who
were beft able to place him on the throne after the King's
death. He acted however with fo much caution, that his
Uncle never once fufpected his intentions. On the con-
trary, a little before his death, he gave him a frefl] mark
of his affection, by marrying him to Matilda, only daugh-
ter and heir of the Earl of Boulogne, by which he became
more powerful and in greater credit than ever.

As the King's laft ficknefs appeared at firft very dange- Trcfrjlrijt
rous, Stephen, who attended him into Normandy, fentfo^fj,/
fpeedy notice to the Biihop of ll'inehejler his Brother, that Salisbury.
he might renew his intrigues to procure him the crown. Brompt.
This Prelate had now gained to his intereft the Arch- Hun ™ ng ',j.
bifhop of Canterbury and Roger Bifhop of Salisbury, who
had both a great influence on the Clergy. The laft was
the wealthieft fubject in England, having had opportunity
to amafs vaft riches in the adminiftration of affairs ecclefi-
aftical and civil, which the late King had entirely entrufted
him with. The occafion of his rife was femething parti-
cular. Whilft he was only a Parifh-Prieft in Ncrmandy,
Henry, who had then no profpect of mounting the throne,
chanced to come into the Church, where he was faying
mafs. The great csre wherewith the Prieft performed the
fervice, pleafed the King fo, that he defired to have him for
his chaplain (i). Roger did not want much intrcaty to ac-
cept of an honour he fo little expected. Though he was
no Scholar, he was naturally of fo pliable a dilpofltion,
and fo much a courtier, that he quickly gained the good
graces of his patron, who loaded him with favours. As
foon as he came to the crown, his firft care was to prefer
his chaplain, by promoting him to the See of Salisbury.
But not flopping there, he committed to him afterwards
the management of all important affairs in Church and
State, and made him his chief Judiciary. This high poft
furnifhed the Bifhop with an opportunity of heaping up
immenfe riches, which he expended not lb much in acts
of charity, as in building ftately Palaces, and keeping as
fplendid an equipage almoft as the King himfelf.

It was a great advantage to Stephen to have for him 7* f c! "U
three Prelates, whofe intereft fecured him the fuffrages of s^ph^,.
all the Clergy. This body was then Co powerful, that the
Lay-Lords that were not in the plot did not think them-
felves able to oppofe the defign, which they faw was en-
tirely formed, of placing Stephen on the throne, fir.ee
all the Bifhops declared in his favour. Not one at-
tempted to fpeak for Matilda ; fo great an influence had



Online LibraryM. (Paul) Rapin de ThoyrasThe history of England : written in French (Volume 1) → online text (page 83 of 360)