M. (Paul) Rapin de Thoyras.

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joined by Mtlo de Coggebam. Hived, p. 512.

(4) About four hundred and ninety, according to Glraldui Cimbrenfis, p. 761.

Cs) Thefe were the firft Englijh fettled in Ireland, where they have cont.nned ever fince, retain'ng ftill our ancient Garb, and much of our old Language,
with a mixture of Irijh. Camden has given us a Lift ot" fuch as went into Ireland with Dermot. Who (befides Ricbtrd Strong-bow, Robert Fit z- Stephen,
Miles de Cogbart, already mentioned) were, Maurice de Prctdergeji, tfcrvey de Mjnt-M.-ijb, Robert Barr t Metier Meilertne, Maurice Fitz-Gt'rafJ, Rid-
munJ, IVilHam Ferrand, Richard de Cighan, Gu alter de Ridensfird, Gualter and Alexander^ Sons of Maurice Girald, William tfotte, Robert Fitx Bernard,
Hugb de Lacy, William Fitas-Aldelm, William j&acardl, Humphrey B.bui, Hugh de GundsvtU. Philip de Hading, High Ttreff, bovid Wal h, Robert Peer,
OJb:,t de Harlcter, William de Bendengei, Adam de GcMCX, l J b:lip de Bre^s, Grjfin, Meph w of Stephen, Ralph Fitx-Stephcn, Walter Bar, Pbiiip Waljb,
Adam de Hereford, John de Cany, Hugh Coat Hon, Red,na-.l Com i mare, Relm-.md Fnz-Hib, Miles of St. David s, Sec Camden in Ireland.

{b\ The Army was ftrcngthened by the Arrival (in the fame Place; of Maurue de trendergeji, Wtth fome Soldiers and Archers in two Sh ps. It daes nat
appear they were joined by the Natives.

(7; He went over from Pembroke with four hundred Sail, and landed in Ireland, 03, iS. Gtrvus, p. 141 9. R* Picett, p. jjS. Brompt. p, 1070.

1 purfuant



23 6



Tie HISTORY of ENGLAND.



Vol i;



i 172.



11: mrct!
lb, Psfc'l
I

Normandy.
I - ■.
H. u.!.
Cervas.
M. Paris.



purfuant to his Agreement with the Adventurers, he came
to Dublin, where he made fome Regulations for the Go-
vernment of" his new Conqueft ( 1 ). Shortly after, he fet
out for England (2), leaving at Dub/in, Hugh Lacy, to
govern the Ifland in his Name, with the Title of jujli-
ciary of Ireland ( 3 ).

If they who are acquainted with the Largenefs and Im-
portance of the Kingdom of Ireland, are furprized at the
Eafe wherewith the Englijh fubdued it, they will have no
lei's reafon to wonder, when they fee, in the courfe of this
Hiftory, how troublefome it was to keep it. There are who,
confidering the Blood and Treafure that were fpentto
maintain the Englijh in their Conquefts, fcruple not to fay,
it would have been better for them, the Ifland had been in
the bottom of the Sea. It is certain, their keeping it to
tin's Day, is not fo much for the Profit they receive from
thence, as to prevent its falling into the hands of a foreign
Power. For, it cannot become fubject to a new Mailer,
without great Detriment to the Commerce of England.

Henry had not time to flay any longer in Ireland. He
was in hafte to go to Normandy, to meet the Pope's Le-
gates (4), fent to examine into Beckefs Murder. Four
whole Months were fpent in this matter. Though the
Legates had Ordets to give the King Abfolution, they
took from all hands Depofitions, to try to prove him
guilty, in order to enhance the Favor he was going to re-
U- foiarzt ceivc from his Holinefs. In fhort, after many Difficulties
Bis immtmt an( | Delays, lie was permitted to clear himfelf by a folemn
}u!,'!/'r'. C wOath, that he neither commanded, nor confented to,
id. Beckefs Afiaffination. He publickly declared, He was
;' ■ extremely forrv for being the occafion, by the words he
Hived! ^ad imprudently dropped, and was ready to undergo what
Penance the Ltgates fhould enjoin. Upon this Oath and
Declaration, he was abfolved from his pretended Crime (5 ),
on Terms denoting the Pope's Favour more than his In-
Tic T. nri c/ nocence. To obtain this Abfolution, he bound himfelf,
I. Never to oppofe the Pope's Will, fo long as he was
ufed as a Catholick Prince. II. Not to hinder Appeals to
the Holy See. III. To lead an Army to the Holy-Land
againft the Infidels, and remain there at leaft three Years
fucceffively. However, he was at liberty to fend thither
only two hundred Men (6), in cafe he chofe rather to go
in Perfon againft the Saracens in Spain. IV. To recall
all that were banifhed on account of the late Archbifhop
of Canterbury, and to reftore to them their Eftates and
Revenues. V. Laftly, To abolifh all Laws and Cuftoms
lately introduced to the Prejudice of the Church of Can-
terbury, or any other Church in England. To thefe
which were made publick, was added a fecret Article,
whereby the King obliged himfelf to go barefoot to Beckefs
Tomb, and receive Difcipline from the hands of the Monks
of St. Augujlin. Thus ended this Affair, which, not-
withftanding Henry's Steadinefs in the beginning, turned
at length to the Pope's Advantage, and carried his Power
and Authority to a greater height than ever. Indeed, this
Inftance was exceeding proper to ftnke Terror into all
the Sovereigns, being an evident Demonftration, how
dangerous it was to contradict the Pleafure of the Court of
Rome. How juft Caufe had they to fear fo formidable a
Power, which had treated with fuch Indignity one of the
moft potent Princes in Europe (7)?

In the beginning of the Year 1173, Roger Abbot of
Roger ileHed. Beck in Normandy, was chofen Archbifhop of Canterbury,
-'■ after the See had been vacant a little above a Twelve-
Gervas> month (8).



Henry imagined, after mattering fo many Difficulties, 1173.
he fhould pals the refidue of his Days in Peace, amidft -; - ; r -"'
the Grandeur and Glory he was encircled with. But he



bi

tinn.

Hoved.
Bir.mpt.
Girvafe.
D ceto.
M. Paris.



1 1/3-



agsmji ti;

quickly found, there were other Vexations, befides thofe King.
in Beckefs Affair, capable of difturbing his Felicity. Dut-*??™!.
ing his Abfence, a Confpiracy was formed againft him, m. p_ lr ; s .
fo much the more dangerous, as his Queen, and his own ThiAuttxm
Sons were the Authors. Befides, it was countenanced by "i C '"J"
fome of the principal Barons of the Realm (9), and feve- "
ral foreign Princes. Queen Eleanor was moved to it by
her extreme Jealoufy, of which the King had given her
but too juft Caufe. Among his many MiftreHes, fair
Rofamund, Daughter of the Lord Clifford, having the
greater! Afcendant over him, became the principal Objedt
of the Queen's Jealoufy, who could not forbear threatning
her. Henry fancied he had fecured her from all At- Brmpt.
tempts, by keeping her in a Labyrinth built on purpofe ?■ "5 1 "
at IVoodjhek. But his great Care proved all in vain.
Whilft he was in Normandy, the Queen taking advantage ThtStuea
of his abfence, found means to difpatch out of the way t m R, ' fa -
this hated Rival that created her fo much Uneafinefs ( 1 o). ^J™., M! r
After this deed, defpairing of ever regaining the King's trefuodtatb.
Affection, fhe purfued her Revenge, and encouraged her
Sons to revolt. Henry, his eldelt Son, a young Prince b£R"fi*' <f
an exceeding haughty Temper, was weary of bearing the " WJ f/"^ c
Title of King without the Authority. Richard, naturally E«g'i Sens.
turbulent and reftlefs, was tired with being under the Dif-
cipline of the King, who indeed had made him Earl of
Poiclai, but fuffcred him not to enjoy that Favor. Geof-
frey had ftill more Caufe to complain than his Brothers.
He faw himfelf deprived of the Government of Bretagne.,
under the fpecious Pretence of a Guardianfhip, for which
he thought he had no longer occafion. It was not difficult
for thefe young Princes, to draw into the Confpiracy fe-
veral Englijh Barons, who hoped to enjoy more Credit
and Authority under young Henry, than under his Father.
The King of France, ever jealous of Henry's ffourifhing
Condition, very readily engaged in the Project of dethron-
ing him. He was not fatisfied with affifting the Princes
himfelf, but caufed the Earls of Flanders, Boulogne, and
Blois his Vaffals, (the laft of whom was his Brother-in-
law) to enter into the League. William King of Scotland
was prevailed with alfo, to be concerned in an Undertaking
which might procure him an opportunity of recovering
the Dominions, refigned by his Brother Malcolm to Eng-
land. This Confederacy broke out on a hidden when
Henry leaft expected it. Normandy, Guicnne, Bretagne^
were attacked all at once by the Arms of the Confederates.
The King of Scotland invaded Cumberland, and England
was divided into two Parties, one for the young King and
the other for his Father. But before I defcend to parti-
culars, it will be necelfary to fee firft what meafures were
taken by Henry's Enemies to furprize him.

After the Conqueft of Ireland, Henry intending to go to
Normandy, palled through England to take the King his
Son along with him (11), being entirely ignorant of the
Plots formed in his Abfence. Upon his arrival at Roan, Brompt.
he received a Letter from the King of France, expreffing
an earned Defire to fee his Daughter and Son-in-law, and
intreating him to let them come and fpend a few Days at
Paris. The young Prince, having leave, forthwith re- Henry ikt
paired to the King his Father-in-law, with whom he took t £ "%£''*
meafures that the Confederates might all aft at the fame France, aid
time. Mean while, as he deferred his return under divers ^raniMia-
pretences, Henry grew uneafy. Perhaps he had received -^7" Tgainfi






his Father*



(1) And their, without the City, had a Palace built of Wattles, according to the Fafhion of that Country, where he kept his Court 'till the beginning
of February. Brompt. p. 1079.

(2) And landed at Mi tferd- haven, near Pembroke. Cirald.Catr.br. p. 778.

(3) In 1 17 c, Rcderit King of C-jnnaugbt, fent Commiflioners to King Henry, who concluded with him a Treaty on Oclober 6, at Wind/or ; which fee in Ry~

phi . Tom. 1. p. 41. Brompt. p. 1 106, 1 107. Hoved. p. 546, &c, In 1 176, died Richard Earl of Strigiiil and Pembroke, Judiciary of Inland, and was

fuccecded by William FJtx-A/dcIin. Hoved. p. 553. in U77> King Henry, at a Parliament at Oxford, divided part of Ireland amongft feveral of his

grer.t Men. To Hugh de Lacy, he gave the whole County of Meatb, with all its Appurtenances, to hold of him and his Son "John, for the Service of an
hundred Kn'ghts. He made him alio Governor of Dublin, with its Appurtenances. On Robert Fitz-Stepben, and Mrfo de Cogbam, he bellowed the Kingdom
of Cork, to hold Hkewifc of him and his Son John, for the Service of fixty Knights: Except the City of Cork, and one Cantrcd, which the King retained in
his hands. To Hcrebert Fit^-Herebcrt, William Earl Reginald's Brother, and Jo'.lan tie la Pnrr.erai their Nephew, he gave the Kingdom of Limeric, for the
fame Service, and by the fame Tenure as the laft ; Limeric, and one Car.tred likewife excepted. William Fitz-Aldclin his Sewer, he conftituted Guardian,
or Governor of IP'exprd, with its Appurtenances j and Robert de Poer, his Marftnl, of Wateifird, Sec. Hoved. p. 567.

(4) Thecdiiuts and Atbcr'.us. Cervas, p. 1421. King Henry went to Normandy about the Alcenfion, and embarked at Port/month. Gervas, ibid. Brompt.
p. IcSo. (5) September 26. Cervas, p. 1422.

(6) He was to give the Templars as much Money as ihould be thought reafonable to maintain two hundred Soldiers for one Year. Rapin, by mifhke,
fcys, three hundred.

(7) The King of Frarce in the mean while taking it ill, and being very troublefome, becaufe his Daughter had not been crowned with her Hufband Prince
Henry ; Rotnu Aiehbiihop of R*an, Giles Bifhop of Evreux, and Rogtr Bi/hop of Wcrcejlcr, were fent to England to perform that Ceremony : They landed
at Southampton about Augujl 24, and the Prince and Princefs were crowned on the Sunday following at Wsndcf.er. Gervas, p. 14.2.1, 1422. Brom.pt. p. 1080.
R. Diceto lays they were crowned Augufl 21. p. 560.

(8) But he rcfufing to accept of it, Richard, Prior of Dover, was chofen in his room. Cervas, p. 14*3, 1429.

(9) Ralph de Fare the Queen's Uncle, and Hugh de Semtemore. M. Pans, p. 126.

(10) Tyrret obferves, th.it our Hiftorians are wholly filent as to the Queen's getting at Rifamund; Co that the Story of her making her drink Foii'on, has
no better Foundation than the old Balhd made upon it. It is certain, me did "not live long, though the Time of her Death is net mentioned. But after
alt, unlefs Bnmpton's Authority is of lefs weight than that of the old Ballad, it is certain that Rofamund did not die in 1 17 3, and that fhe was not poifoned
by Queen Eleanor. For Bnmpton exprefly fays, That, after King Henry had irnprifoned his Queen Eleanor, he became an Adulterer, and kept publickly,
' 1 ajong while, Rofamund. p. 1151. She was buried in the Church belonging tu Godflew Nunnery, near Oxford, where her Epitaph, which Brampton givss
you, was to be icen in his Timcj and is as follows :






Hie iacet in tumba, Rofa mundi, non Rofa munda j
Non rcdolet, fed olet, quae redolere lblet. p. 1151.



This Tomb doth here enchfe, The Wo/Id's mcfi beauteous Rofe j
Rofe paj/ing fueet ire while, Now nought but Odour vile. Speed.



Tl-er** arc no remains of the Labyrinth at this Day ; but her Monument has been lately repaired and beautified.

(ir) He fent for him ever about All-Saints, King Henry himfelf had been feme titte in Normandy, Bnmpt. p. icS2



H.v.J. p. 581.



fome



Eook. VII.



5. H E N R V II



2 37



1 1 75. fome dark hints of what was contriving; or was appre-
hcnfive that by too long converfing with Lewis, ill im-
Thc King pieffions might he made upon the young Prince. Be this
jcvds >> him. as it will, he fent for him, and the young King durft not
difobey, for fear of giving him a fufpicion of the Confpi-
racy, which it concerned him to keep fecret. As foon
as he came back, the King, with his Son, fet out for
Montftrrand, a final! Town in Auvergne, where he was
to hold a Conference with Hubert Earl of Mauri enna, Al-



Mean while young Henry, who continued it Paris, 11 73.
acted as if he hud been fole Kinp; of England. He received ,: ' ••



Virg.

Brompt.
R. DkLto,
Gcrvas.

Hived.



the Homage of the Vaflals; made Grants and Donations ',■"/•'/„/'
of the Crown-Larids (9); affigntd Penfiohs odt of ' the w a |„ n |'

publick Revenues, and had his Seal apart (10), as if the M - ,; ;' riS '
King his Father had no more Right to intermeddle in the ,';„.'
Government of his Kingdom. He would not keep lb C
much as a (ingle Perlbn about him that did not fvWar Feal-
ty to him, independent of that due to the old Kiri<*. The



phonfus Earl of Arragon and Barcelona, Girard Earl of Vi- young Prince thought he had taken fuch fure mcafures
Trjcsi of a enna, and Raymond Earl of Jholoufe (1). What Bufmefs that he looked upon the Kino- his Father's Ruin as infal-
himm g ' he had with thefe Princes, except the Earl of Maurienna, lible.. The King of France, willing to chcy'ih this Belief,



'between

Prime John I know not. He was to treat with this laft about a
mdtbe Marriage between "John his fourth Son, and Alice, Daueh-

Dtmgbteref _.,■«_.. . . '

the Earl of
Maurui.n.i.
Afl. Pub.
T. I. p- 33
.11. Dictto.
t-ioved.
Brcir.pt.
uervafe.



ter of that Earl. This Affair was begun at Montferrand,
but as it could not be ended there, Hubert accompanied
the King to Limoges, where he preffed him to declare what
he would do for the Prince his Son, on account of the



affected continually to throw out fatirical Jefts aeairift old
Henry, and would hardly bear he mould be called King i:i
his prefence. The truth is, the Ruin of that Monarch
feemeti to be at hand, fince he had fo many Enemies to
deal with at once. But if he had fliown fome want of r "

■ r defend bim-



Refolution in his Quarrel with the Pope, it was .

Marriage. Henry offered to fettle on John the Cities of on this occafion. Never did his Virtues (bine with rrioi

Lodun, Cbinon, and Mirebel, which the young King, litftre, than when he faw himfelf forced as it were to yield '

who was prefent, oppofed to the ufmoft of his power, to his ill-fortune, and reduced to extremity. Animat- Dxd

He alledged, it was very ftrange, the King mould aflign an ed with frefh Courage at the fight of the imptfndin" Dan-

Appennage to his youngeft Son, whilft he tefufed the fame ger, he managed his Affairs with fo much Firmnefs Pru-

during his Life, to the eldeft, who bore the Title of King dence, and Forecaft, that in fpite of the Obftacles which

Tilling out without having wherewithal to fupport the Dignity. This ftarted up incellantly, and from all Quarters, lie obtained

KiT^n, Oppolition created a great Coldnefs between the Father and in the end a glorious Advantage over all his Enemies

eldeft Son. " Son, which was farther encreafed by the young King's de- The King of France was obliged to abandon Vtrneuil 1 1 \) '



Brompt. manding Normandy of his Father (
to the Crown of Engh
only, to find a Prete
Scene concerted wi



till he fhould come which coft him a long Siege (12)



rorrpiin.
An Armyofi3r«w'.



the King!,



.ng/and. His aim in this Demand was fons, fent by Henry into Bretagne (1 3,), vanquished the Re-

itence to complain in order to open the bels, upon which they returned to their duty. TheFajl of 7 *' F " r ' ''

th the King of France. Leicejler was defeated in England, and taken Prifoner bv fat ' ','->*'

™ tU.„ .:~« ..„ c.f„„A .„!..,* t.:„ c i.„j u.. ..,*!. p.i.....r..\ r^ 1 _<-.v r* , „ . . > .



htm.



Henry began from that time to fufpect what his Son had Humphrey Bohun(i^) General of the Eitrhfl, Ann; who'
his mind (3). As he did not queftion but he had fufter- took the opportunity of a Truce imde with the King of-rv



'.CnPri.

ner.

As foon as the



ed himfelf to be corrupted by the King of France, he cauf- Scotland, to give the Earl Battle ( 1

ed him to be fo narrowly watched, that it was eafy to fee Truce was expired, JVilliam renewed his Ravages in Nor- ■'""-'' Pri

he was afraid of his getting away. On the other hand, thumbetiand. But whilft he was intent upon the Plunder

the young Prince, dreading the Confequences if the King he unfortunately, or rather imprudently, f^ffercd himfelf

who routed his Ar-

rvl l'.:::.



came to difcover his Defigns, refolved to prevent the Dan- be furprized by the Englijh General
ger. What Care foever the Father might take, he could my, and took him Prifoner (1 61.



Orva,. ger. wnat Lare loever the t atner mignt take, lie could my, and took him fnioner ( 1 6J. The Scots pretend this

Heieitb. not hinder his Son from privately withdrawing from was during the Truce ; but the Englifo affirm, it was after

Kiw'of'' Court, and porting to the_King of France ($). This en- the expiration. However it be, the King being fallen in-

Fnrice. tirely confirmed the old King in his Sufpicions. But, he to the hands of the EngliJJ], was carried firft to Richmond

Dfeto. was fl.||i ig noran t what his Son's Defign might be. As Caftle, and from thence conveyed into Normandy (i-\ Henry'*
HuvTdf' *" oon as the Qiieen, who refided at London, had intelli- Whilft the Arms of Henry were thus crowned 'with "

W. Paris, gence of the King her Sorr*s Arrival at Paris, (lie fent thi- Succefs in England, he was employed in France in lUDduine

*l«ui«r/«* ther likewife Ric ha+A and Gioffrey, before Henry had time the revolted Cities and Provinces. Though he could not fe E '

thard aid to give Orders about them. Thus the old King (aw him- every where, he ordered it fo, that in a fciv months" K ' _

Geoffrey, felf forfaken on a fudden by his own Family, without either by himfelf or by his Generals, he became mafter of

■(". *** ' 'fi;' knowing yet what all thefe Proceedings would tend to. the principal Places in Guienne, Saintonge, Aniot', Poiclon

FuTvTg?" His Wrath, which he could not then vent upon his Sons, and Bretagne. Thefe Succeffes quite broke the' rneafures

Cervaii. fell upon the Queen, whom he caufed to be clofely confined; of his Enemies, and hitirely diffipated the Fears he was

but reaped no other Benefit from thence, but the Pleafure juflly feized with in the beginning of the War { 1 8)

of being revenged (;). Quickly after, the confederate _ Mean time, theKing his Son, perceh in- him emliarraffed ;: ■'■•-v

Princes attacking him in feveral Places, he flood in need of in France, took that opportunity of raifino- an Army of w "

all his Refolution to bear fo. many Vexations, and of all his Frenchmen and Flemings. As foon as the < Troops werc'-n

Prudence, to oppofe fo many Enemies. Richard repaired ready for Action, he° put himfelf at their head and

to Guienne, where he jraufed^the greateft p.-.rt of the marched towards Graveling, where he deiigned to embark: -



The King ii
Attacked in
fe-verai
Placet.
Brumpt.






R. Diccto.
Gervas.
Biompt.
M. Park.
Hovcd.



from the King his Father the Government of that Duke-
dom. Normandy was attacked by the King of France,
affiited by the Earls of Flanders, Boulogne, and Blois. The
King of Scotland made an Irruption into the northern parts
of England (6). The Earl of Leicejler (y) landed at South-
ampton



fc j Brompt.
Diccto.



Country to rebel. Geoffrey raifing an InfurrerStion in Bre- His Project was to pafs into England, and join the K
tagne, put himfelf at the head of it, with defign to wreft of Scotland and Earl of Lcicefler, who were n t yet de R- Kctto.

feated. Could he have croffed the Sea at that" Juncture,
he would have undoubtedly have been maftej- of England.
But the Wind remained fo foiig contrary, that he could
not execute this Project. Vvhihr he was waiting in va'in
for a favorable Gale, the King his Father had" time to
($) an Army levied in France, in expectation of reftore his Affairs in France; after which he embarked at
a general Revolt of the EngliJJ} again ft the King. Thus Barfieur, and fafely arrived in England. F 'rom Soutlamp- ^^t; K,*g
Henry faw, in all Parts of his Dominions, hoftile Armies, ton, where he landed (1 6), he proceeded direclly to Ganter-
againft whom he was wholly unprepared. bury, to do Penance at Bedel's Tomb, to which he had .^'^'p,-

at Bop-
(1) Raymond, Earl of Tboloiife and St. Giles, did Homage to King Henry, and his Sens Henry and Richard, for the Earldom of Tboltfc, upon Term- vi M E? ' V**"
youhavein Bnmpttm. p. 1082. Diccto. p. 561. «<W. p. 533. ' l ' ' u ' ■; '■

(z) Bnmftm lays, the King of France advil'ed him to demand, either all England, or all Nurmande , which he according^ did ; or clfe 4mh ar Intr ■ C '
p. 1082, 1083. Gcrvas. p. 1424. Ikiicd. p. 531.

(3) They both came back to Cbinon together, about the middle of Lent. Brompt. p. 10S3.

(4) He went firft to A'cnfin, and the next Day to ArgatUn. King Her.ry his Father lent to the Court of F arc: to demand him, but rcccvcj vcrv
rough Anlwer. In the mean time he fortified his Ca!!les upon the Frontiers, and proved them with all Neceffariea Bi mft. p. 10S-.

(;;) He lent fcr a Legate from Rome, in order to be divorced from her. Gervas. p. 1433.

(6) B^caulc King H.-nryrefufed to grant him what his Predtceffors had enjoyed in England. Diccto. p. C73. flt Paris, p. 123.

(7) The reft of the Confpirators in England, were, Robert Earl of Ferrers, Hagb Bigtd Earl at Norfolk, Hugh E^rl 01 CbejJtr, Roger di J ! ' TLema,
de Mifcamp, Robert de Lund, Richard dc Mornjill, Cervafl Payne/1, &c. who held out fome Caftlcs agSinft h:m. Bnmft. p. ici^'. The Earl 1
was joined by Hvgb Bigtd; they took Norwich, burnt Hjgmab Cattle, &c. but the Earl going to Leicejler was defeated. Diccto. p. ! 7 \.

(8) At Walton in Suffolk, September 28. fays Diccto. p. 573.

(9) To William King of Scotland he granted all Northumberland, as far astheT/'m: to his Brr.ther the Earldom of Huntinfttn and Combs 'srlhire- to
High Bigcd the Caftle of Norwich; to Philip Earl of Flanders, a thoufand Pounds a Year in England, and all Kent, with the Caftle ol !•
Matthew Earl of Boulogne, the Soke of Kirketon in Limolnjhire, with the Earldom of Mortagne, and Honour of Hate; to Theobald Earl of Bias- two ,
Pounds in Any,u, and the Caftle of Amboifc. Ho-jed. p. 533, ^34-

(10) Richard de Bam brought the Seal to King Henry the Father, upon which Henry his Son had a new one made. Brompt. p. roSi.
(n) The Englijh were preparing to engage the French Army, Lut Lewis iaVerntuil tn tire, and cowardly ran away. The En;l:fn Generals Were

de Albimy Earl of Ai undcl, xtiiWilliasn'Sxti of MandeuilU And the commanding Officers in Venettil, weie, Hugh de' Lac/ , and HiteS etc Bea ' ,' Mi irpt
P- IcSG. Hoved. p. 534. (12) Of a Month. Ho-.ed. p. 534. - "'

( ! 3) Above ten thoufand. Brompt. p. 186. The Earl of Chejler, Ralph Lord of Fotigeris, Ralph d: Fata, &c. were thai taken Prifoncrs. R D.. :o.
P* 574- The Bretons were defeated, Aug. 19. Brompt. p. 10S7.

(14) The High Conltatde, and Richard de Luei. Brompt. p. 1089.



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