Madras (India : State).

Madura (Volume 1) online

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The weekly markets are quite a feature of village life, and
play a very important part in the collection of goods for export
and in the distribution of imports. '1 hoy are usually controlled
by the Local Boards, and the receipts from thein are larger
than in any other district except Coimbatore. Judged by the
amount paid for the right to collect the usual fees at them, the
biggest are those at Virupdkshi, Usilampatti, Nilakkottai and
Yedasand^r.

The ordinary table of weights is —
6 tolas (-4114 oz.) ..
20 palams



Measures for
grain.



6 visa
8 vies



= 1 palam (nearly 2^ oz.).

= L viss (about 3 lb.).

= 1 tulam (about 18^ lb.).

=: 1 maund (about 26 lb.).

In addition, there are certain special weights used for cotton,
and the number of viss in a maund differs in a bewildering way
both according to local custom and to the substance which is
being weighed. Thus in Madura there are 9 viss in a maund
of tamarind, 8^^ in one of jaggery, 8^ in one of chillies, and so
on and so forth.

The usual grain measure ia —
135 tolaa of rice (heaped)
4 measures . .
12 marakkals

The Board of Revenue has directed the stamping department
to stamp only multiples and sub-multiples of the Madras measure
of 132 tolas, heaped, but the order appears to have had but
little effect upon local practice. This varies in the most extra-
ordinary manner, as, though the measure is constant in value,
the number of measures in a kalam may be anything, according
to locality, from two to six. It is reported that in Palni taluk
the usual table of measures is —

3 measures . . . . . . . . = 1 vallam.



1 measure.
1 marakkal.
i l



Online LibraryMadras (India : State)Madura (Volume 1) → online text (page 18 of 40)