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shooting an arrow across the Tejipakulam in Madura in the

presence of Tirumala Nayakkan and all his court, an achievement

which none of the other poligars could equal. The event is still

annually celebrated in Vadakarai by a general beat for small

game (known as ' Mdchi Nayak's hunt') followed by a visit to his

tomb in Kaikulankulam. A later Mdchi Nayaka is stated in the

Mackenzie ]\1S. to have helped Tirumala Ndyakkan about 1638

against the rebellions Setupati of Earanad referred to on p. 48 ;

and his paternal uncle and successor Nar.iyanappa Nayaka is said

to have assisted Chokkanatha Nayakkan in his expedition against

the Tanjore Najakkan mentioned on p. 50.

When the Mysoreans threatened Dindigul (p. G9). the then
poligar of Vadakarai summoned a council of his commanders to
devise measures of defence. It was not a success, as (Jantama-
nayakkanlir said that Vadakarai was taking too much u]>on him,
and invady Rous
Peter to, 259 ; unfinished gopuram at,
271 ; visit to Madura of god from, 273,
285; described, 282; sacred to Kalians,
286.



Alagarmalais {Fd), described, 9 ; geology
of,' 15; bison on the, 23; forests on,
137 ; view from Tiruvddiii- of, 289.

Alagia-nachiamma, 86.

Alagiri Nayakkan, 51.

Alam Khan, 60, 61.

Albert Victor, Priuce, 157.

Albert Victor hospital, 171.

Albizzia amara, 137, 142.

Alkaline soils, 115.

Alla-ud-din, 37, 2G5.

Allinagaram {Cd), 11, 159, 313.

Amai-avati river, tributaries of, 10 ; irriga-
tion from, 124; drainago area of, 125;
ruined bridge across, 157; valley run-
ning to, 249.

Amayappa Kone, 92.

Ambalakdran, 94.

Ambattans, 145.

Ambaturai {Dc), history of palaiyam, 70,
183 ; weaving at, 145 ; proposed road to,
156 ; desci'ibed, 229.

Ambtir, 60.

American Mission, history ot, 77 ; its work
awiong the Pulaiyans, 105 ; medical
institutions maintained by, I7l ; first to
reintroduce systematic education, 175;
educational institutions of, 176-178;
periodicals issued by, 178 ; its church
at Dindigul, 232; sanitarium at Kodai-
kanal established by, 250, 251; its
church at Kodaikanal, 252 ; its work at
Pasumalai, 278 ; Meliir, 288; and Tiru-
mangalam, 329.

Amir-un-nissa IJegam, 234.

Ammayanayakkaiiur village {Dd], quartz
veins near, 15 ; Yangfiru Tirumala
defeated at, 58 ; Valaiyans at, 98 ;
railway-station at, 152, 246 ; route to
Kodaikanal from, 156 ; tramw.ay pro-
posed from, 159; described, 292.

Ammayauayakkandr zamiudari, Sirumalais
included in, 8 ; historj of, 70, 183 ;
forests of, 134, 136, 137 ; sanad granted
to, 195 ; described, 292.

Ampthill, Lord, 131.

Ampthil] Downs, 139.

Amrat Mahal cattle, 22.

Ainusemeuts, 83.

Anaikunnu pool, 256.

Auaimalai, 15. 254.

Anaiyui- (De), Kalians of, 93, 184, 196, 326;
de«cribed, 326.



334



IMDIX .



Xndipatti {Ct), hill r&ng* near, 6, 1S6 ;
land-gronse near, 22 ; irrigation minor
basin at, 1J4, 125; forest near, 136;
dispensary at, 173 ; former taluk, 184 ;
described, 313,

Andro'pogon citratum, 141.

Andropogon Wightiana, 18.

Andropogon zeylanicus. 18.

Anicnts, 124, 125, 315.

Annamalai Chetti, 327.

Annamdrkal , 313.

Anogeissus latifolia, 138, 140.

Antiquities of the district, 24, 233, 247,
256, 288. See also Jains.

Anumandanpatti (-Be), 313.

Anuppanadi, channel, 167 ; ■village {Ee),
210, 256.

Annppans, 73, 109, 319, 327, 328.

Anvrar-nd-din, 59, 60.

Appaji Kavnndan, 320.

Appiji Pillai, 186.

Appaya Nayakkau of Kanniv&di, 239.

Aquilaria agullocha, 140.

' Ar ' leaf, 29.

Arai-UtUdai, 197, 200.

Aramanaiknlam tank, 235.

Aravakurichi district, 302, 303.

Ai'dha-maniyam, 197, 200.

Ardhanarisvara, 280.

Arittapatti (FrZ), 286.

Aritiyur, sub-divieion of Nattukdttai
Chettis, 100.

Arkonam, 31.

Arrack, 153, 211.

Arts and industries, 144-151 .

Arunachala Chetti, M.E.Ej. A. L. A. E.,
172.

Arundinella mesophyUa, 18.

Aruppukottai, 97.

Arya Natha Mudali, 42, 43, 271, 296, 329.

Arya Nayakka Mudali. See Arya Natha

^ Mudali.

Asari, 99.

Asoka, 26.

Assessments, rates of, 116, 122.

Attapanpatti (D6), 304.

Attu-kal-pdshanam , 108.

Attur, dam, 125; ghat, 5, 156, 230, 246;
village (Dc), 86, 230.

Augustus Csesar, 26.

Aurangzeb, 53.

Auvaiyar, 28, 81.

Avdrum leaves, 115.

Avenues, 54, 155, 221.

Avakkudi (Cc), Kuunuvans helped by the
Voligar of, 103; forests of, 134, 136;
dupatis made at, 145 ; sequestered by
Saiyad SShib, 183 ; hostilities of Palni
poligar irith, 185, 307 ; rebellious atti-
tude of, 185; sanad granted to, 195;
crude saltpetre made near, 211 ; union,
220; chattr-'.m built by poligar family
of, 241 ; described, 301 ; Eettajambadi
purchased by poligar cf, 309.



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