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Peter, Mr. Jlons, collectorship of, 192 ;
assessments reduced by, 201 ; reduces
peshkash of Kannivadi, 239 ; acconnt of,
259-261 ; his presents to Madura
temple, 270; and to Alagarkovil, 284;
elephant shooting expeditions of, 315.

Petrifaction of objects by wat^-, 11, .317.

Phillips, Mr., 264.

Pi'chi Pulaiyans, 101.

Piddri shrine, 290.

Pigeons, blue, 310.

Pillaivali estate, 150.

Pillaiyarnattam, 294.

PillaiTarpatti,100.

Pillar Rocks, 227, 246, 249.

Pilluvari, land, 189 ; tax, 205.

Piravialaii^dd Kalians, 93.

Piranmalai, 100, 287.

Plantains, on the Lower Palnis, 4, 114 ; on
the Sirnmalais, 8, 114 ; ^rown on wet
lands, 116 ; and in cleared forest land,
132, 138; export of, 151; rates of
assessment for, 205.

Plantations, 140.

Pliny, 26.

Plough-tax, 179, 205.

Podiyil mountain, 32. ■

Podun&ttu Idaiyaus, 96.

Poigaimalai, 327.

Police, 216.

Poligar system, 42, 180, 216.

Polyandry, 95.

Pon-Amai-avati, 33.

Pondioherry, 77, 150.

Pongu tree, 106, 108.

Ponikcidii, tax, 189, 205.

Ponm6ni (£e), 215.

Ponnammal, 86.

Ponniya Nayakkan, 294.

Poppy heads, 212.

Population, 72, 162, 166.

Porandalar, 124, 125.

Porvippu. tax, 189, 200.

Porupp^i villages, 197, 199.

Prehistoric peoples, 24.

Proctor, Mr. George, 68.

Proprietary Estates Village Service Act,
207.

Provincial Court of Appeal, 214, 215.

Pterocarpus Marsu^ium, 138, 140.

Ptolemy, 26, 28.

Public health, 168-173.

Pudu Ayakkudi {Cc), 301.

Pudu mantapam at Madura, 3, 49, 271.

Pnd\ikk6ttai State, known as Tondamana,
33 ; it s part in the war of Ranmad
Buccession, 56 ; boiling oil ordeal in,
107 ; new Tamil sangam supported by
the Raja of, 175 ; salt arrangements
with, 210; arrack and toddy made in,
211, 212; supply of opium and ho'np-
drugs to, 213 ; house at Kodaikanal of
the Raja of, 215.

Pblaiyans, 4, 103, 104.

Pulak^Bin II, 29.



Full piidavu, cave, 257.
Pnliyankndiyar, 80.
Pulivankulani (D/), 195, 328.
Pum'barai (Cc), 5, 17, 19, 216.
Puniyar chief, 318, 319.
Punnacolum tank, 235.
Purananiiru, 27.



Quartz, 14, 15.
Quilon, 31, 37.



Q



R



Ragalapuram {Ec), 25.

Ragi, 83, 113, 114, 118.

Railway cess, 159.

Railways, 158.

Rainfall, 13, 160, 247.

Raja of Hamnad, 130, 259.

ll&jadani (Ce), 317.

Rajadhiraja I, 32.

Rajadhiraja If, 33.

Rajaraja I, 31.

Rajaraja HI, 34.

Rajaraja-Pandi-nadu, 31.

Rajasimha Pandya, 316.

Rajendra Chola I, 31.

Raj^ndra Chola III, 36.

Rajendra Deva, 32.

Rajendra Idaiyans, OG.

Raju Nayakkan, 314.

Rama Nayakkan, 23(5.^

Ramabhadra Nayaka, 322.

Ramabhadra Nayudu, M.R.Ry. V., 178,
323.

R^machcha Kavundan, 319.

Ramanadapuram (Ec), 241.

Ramappayya, 236, 306.

Ramasvami Kamaya Nayakkan, 329.

Ram^svaraui, mosque founded by Malik
Kafnr at, 37 ; pilgrim roads to, 43, 44,
157 ; cholera propagated from, 168.

Ramnad, 56, 187, 214.

Ranga of Vijayanagar, 45.

Ranga Krishna Muttu Virappa Nayakkan,
42, 53.

Ranga Rao, K., 327.

Rangamalai (Db), 9.

Rangoon, 130.

Rapatei, Father F., 279.

Raahtrakdtas of Malkhcd, 31.

Rasf:ums, 198.

Ratnasvanii Nadar, M.R.Ry. T., 211.

Ravikkai, 82.

Ravutans, described, 79; dupatin made
by, 145; engaged in tanning, I GO;
mats woven by, 151 ; trade of, 152 j
literacy of, 176 ; numerous in Dindigal,
231 , 235 ; and Kiranur, 303 ; their offer-
ings to the Palni shrine, 307.

Rdya qofiurao), 49, 271.

Rea, Mr., 256, 257.

Receiver of Assigned Revenue, 68.

45



846



INDEX



Beeo'^dB of the Geological Sui vej ot India

(xii), 24 note.
Rees' Tours in India, 263 note.
Registration, 215.
Religions, 74.
Religious life, 84.
Renting 83-stem, 183, 184.
Reserved forests, area of, 135.
Rettayambadi zamindari, forests of, 136;

Beqaestered by Saiyad Sahib, 183 ;

eBcheated for want of heirs, 194; its

present, state, 195, 301, 308.
Revenue collections, 190.
Revenue courts, 215,
Revenue Settlement. See Survey and

Settlement.
Rice, 83, 113.
Rinierpest, 20.
Rirers, 10.
Road-cess, 154.
Road ralaiyaris, 216.
Roads, 154.

Rock-cut temple at Arittapatfci, 286.
Rockefeller, Mr., 177.
Roman Catholic churches, 232, 245, 253,

293.
Roman Catholic Mission, 76, 178.
Roman Catholics, 82, 243.
Roman colony at Madura, 26
Root, Miss, 78.

Ropeway from Kottakudi, ].'i5, 314.
Rous Peter, Mr. See Peter, Mr. Rous.
Rnmley, Captain, 89.
Eumleysvami, 89.
Ryotwari settlement, 192, 201.
Ryves, Major, 126.



S



Sadak S4hib, 236.

Saduragiri (£)/), 7.

Safdar Ali Khan, 57, 59.

Sago palms, 211.

Saint Cyr, Father, 263,

St. George's Church at Madura, 260.

St. Mary's estate, 150.

Saivism, 84.

Saiyad Sahib, his management of the
Dindigul country, 70, 181, 183; his
collections from Tadikkombu, 192 ; his
improvements to Dindigul fortifications,
233 ; his residence, 234, 236.

Salem district, 146.

Salicornia Indica, 147.

Baliyans, 145, 146.

Salt, 151, 210.

Saltpetre, 151, 210.

Samai, 83, 113, 114, 118.

Samhd paddy, 115, 299.

Samuddyain funds, 81.

Sanads granted to unsettled palaivams,
195, 304, 309, 327, 328, 329.

Sand-grouse, 22.

SandaiyQr, original name of V6da»andtii-
243.



8andaiy6r {Dd, Nilakkdttai taluk), history
of, 70, 183, 194 ; poligar claims D6va-
dAnapatti, 185, 31(j ; described, 296.

Saudaiylir (Tirumangalam taluk), 196,
212, 32y.

Sangams, 174, 178.

Sangattar, 270.

Sankaralingachari Brothers, 161.

Sankaiidrug province, 70, 183.

Sanskrit, 176.

Santdji, 52.

Sanydsikidam, 281.

Saptur, 136, 173, 196, 329.

Satappa Chetti, 327.

Satdra, 59.

Sati, Muttammal's attempt to commit, 64;
formerly common among Tdttiyana,
107; Kappiliyau women who com-
mitted, 109; committed by Venkam-
m6.1, 290 ; and Errammal, 294 ; com-
mitted near Kambam, 319; Margaiyan-
kdttai, 320 ; Uttamapalaiyam, 322 ; and
Tirumangalam, 330.

Satinwood, 137, 142.

Sattan, 86.

Sattangudi (De), 145.

Sattirapatti {Ca), 173, 215, 309.

S&tttir taluK, 118.

Saurashtra sabha, 111.

Saurashtras, 110.

Scenery, 10.

Schleichera trijuga, 140.

Scott, Mr. E., 279; Mr. T. M., 28 uot«,
279.

Sedans, 73, 145, 146.

Sembatti {Dc). 156, 159.

Seminary at Pasumalai, 78.

S6na I, 30.

Sender Bandi, 36.

SenduraiCJ'c), 86.

S^nivans, 73, 145, 146.

Senkulam (Ee), 25, 330.

S^rvaikaran, 104.

Sessional school, 178.

Settindyakkanpatti {Ec), 86.

Settlement, of inams, 206. Also *••
Survev and Settlement.

S6tt6r, 3"26.

S^tupati High School, 177-8.

S^tupatis of Ramnad, history of, 44 ;
grow insubordinate to Madura, 45, 48,
323 ; help Tirumala against Mysore, 47,
48 ; assume independence, 51 ; domestic
outbreaks in their country, 53 ; defy
Tanjore and Madura, 55 ; disputes re-
garding succession and division of the
kingdom, 56 ; treatment of Kalians by,
88 ; idols of the Minakshi temple re-
moved to the territory of, 198.

Seven Pagodas, 231.

Sewell's For^jotten Empire, S8 note, 110 j
Lists of Antiquities, 26 note, 29, 39, 40.

Shams-ud-din, 265.

Shauana, 81, 162, 212.

Shanmuga Chetti, M.R.Ry. P.L.R. M., 178.



INDEX



349



Shanmiipanadi river, described, 11; irri-
gation from, 122, 124; ruined bridge
across, 157 ; water brought to Palni
town from, 226; Roman coins found
near, 303.

Sheep, 22,

Shembagandr (Cd), 156, 246, 250.

Shop tax, 179, 189.

Sihbandi, 197, 199.

Sihbandi poruppu, 197, 199.

Siddharmal-i, 294.

Sikandar, 279.

Bikandarinalai (JEe), 279.

Silaimalaipatti, 151.

Silappiidigdram, 27.

Silk, 146, 149, 151.

'Silver Cascade' watsrfall, 248.

Eimhavishnn, 29.

Sinndba, 307.

Sirnmalais, coffee seeds from, 4 ; described,
7; quartz on, 15; flora of, 15, 17,20;
bison formerly on, 23; pujaris to the
gods of, 98 ; cultivation of special crops
on, 114; coffee cultivation on, 134, 149,
293; forests on, 134, 136, 137; coffee
curing at, 150 ; lemon-gmss oil made on,
150 ; exports from, 151 ; avoided bj' the
railway line, 158; malarial fever on, 3 69;
proposed sanitarium on, 250; included
in Ammayanayakkaniir zammdari, 292;
coffee planting started ou, 293.

Sirnpalai (Ed), 109, 195, 196, 278.

Siruvalai, 278.

Siva, miracles of, 255, 278, 291.

Sivaganga, 56, 58, 68, 259, 269.

Sivagiri, 305, 306.

Sivaji, 52.

Sivakasi, 50.

givarak6ttai (Ef), 124.

Sivaritri, 93.

Skandamalai. See Tirupparankunram.

Small-pox, 54, 163, 169.

Smith, Mr. Miohie, 263; Mr. R., 126.

Snipe, 22, 297.

Society for the Propagation of the Gospel,
79, 105.

Soils, 5, 12.

Sokkanatha, 267.

Solar physics observatory at Kodaikanal,
253.

S61avandan (Ed), snipe near, 22 ; irrigation
minor basin at, 1:^4, 125; saltpetre
manufacture at. 151; Mangamraal's chat-
tram afc, 157, 158; dispensary at, 173;
Bohool at, 178; suL-registrar at, 215;
union, 220 ; taken by Haidar, 236 ; de-
scribed, 296.

S6magiri (Fd), 9.

86m6svara, 36.

South Indian Inseriptiont, 27, 30.

ScMtth IndMin Mail, 178.

South In^iian Bailway, 134, 142, 158, 178.

Special magistrates, 215. 288, 313.

Spencer & Co., Messrs., 149.

Spinning mill at Madura, 142.

Spring ofaanneU, 124, 126.



Srinivasa Rao, Birki, 69, 70.

Si'irangain, 35, 36, 43.

Srivakabha Ativirarama, Jatilavarmau, 85.

Sn'vallabha, Jatilavarman, 35.

Stamps, 213.

Statues, 43, 280, 2.S3.

Stokes, Mr. H. J., 134.

Storms, 161, 166.

Strabo, 26.

Straits Settlements, 100.

Straw, 118.

Stuart, Colonel James, 71, 237.

Sub-Collector, additional, 207.

Sub. Courts, 215.

Sub-jails, 217.

Sub-registrars, 215.

Subbaiyar, Mr. P., 164.

Subrahmanya temples, 5 ; at Palni, 60, 304 ;
TirupparanUunram, ^SO; Piranmalai,
288 ; and B6dinay8kkanur, 314.

Succession, among Id;iivans, 97 ; to the
estates of Ammayanayakkaniir, 293 j
Xyakkudi, 302 ; and Bddinayakkan6r,
314.

Suchindram, 31.

Sugar, 151.

Sugar-cane, 113, 114, 116.

Sukkampatti (Eb), 70, 183, 194, 242.

Sundara, 268.

Sundara-Pand;a, 32, 297.

Sundara- Parid^^a I, .Jatavarman, 35, 36.

Sundara-Pandya II, Jatavarman, 35, 36.

Sundara-Pandya I, Maravarman, 35, 280.

Sundata-Pandya II, Maravarman, 35, 38.

Sundara-Pandya III, Maravarman, 35.

Sundararaja Perumal, 242.

Surakkudi, 100.

Surappa Kavnnd in, 327.

Suruli ri\e)', described, 11 ; irrigation from,
122, 124,125; Periyar water supplied to,
128 ; sources of, 140 ; bridges acioss, 157,
321 ; meets Teniyar near Albnagaram,
313 ; petrifying power of its head waters,
317.

Survey and Settlement, by Mr. Ilurdis in
1800, 187; reclaBsification sanctii ned
and carried out, 192 ; of Madura, 200 ;
of 1885-89, 201-205.

Sirs a Narayana Mudali, 70.

Sivatga Vilasain, 276.

Siuarnadaya tnxes, 189, 201.

Swatantrams, 184, 189, 198.

Sweet toddy, 212.



Tachanalldi- distillery, 211.

Tnchchans (carpenters), 99, 161.

Tadampatti (Ed), 158.

Tadik\omtju (Dc), temple at, 84 ; weaving

at, 146; former taluit, 184, 206,228;

collections by the renters fri>m, 192

described, 242.
Talaiyiris, 217.
Talattuk(5vil anioai, 126.



350



IN DEX



Talik



Online LibraryMadras (India : State)Madura (Volume 1) → online text (page 39 of 40)