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Annual report of the Maine Agricultural Experiment Station online

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32.00


7.09


6.00


32.00




6.00


32.00


-


5.00



2571
2654
2666
2677
2909
2965
2995

2676
2721
2865
2865
2886



C, from the feeder; D, from the dealer; M, from the manufacturer; and O, the
inspector's sample.



Digitized by VjOOQIC



l66 MAINE AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION. I908.



ANALYSES OF SAMPLES OF FEEDING STUFFS.



Name of Feed and Manufacturer
or Shipper.



Protein.


Fat.


1 ^


"tf ■♦*


1


teed —
t.


■si

it


II


"1


II






GLUTEN FEED



Bay State Gluten Feed O

J. E. Soper A Co., Boston, Mass O

Buffalo Gluten Feed O

Corn Products Mfg. Co., Chicago, 111 O

O
O
O
O
D



O
C
O
O
O

Clinton Gluten Feed O

Clinton Sugar Refining Co.,Clinton,Iowa O

Continental Gluten Feed O

Contenental Cereal Co

Golden Rod Gluten D

Jenks' Gluten Feed O

Huron Milling Co O

O

New England Gluten

J. E. Soper Co., Boston, Mass D

Tiger Gluten Feed O

St. Louis Syrup and Preserving Co.,
St. Louis, Mo.

Warner's Gluten Feed O

Corn Products Refining Co., Chicago.IU. C

O
O



21.00
20.60

24.75
24.44
25.25
25.25
22.50
26.44
26.19



25.69
25.25
25.13
24.25
26.13

19.25
16.63

31.69



24.25

27.50
25.38
29.38



22.38



24.00
24.00

23.00
23.00
23.00
23.00
23.00
24.00
23.00



23.00

23.00
23.00
23.00



3.21



3.00
3.00 I



2.77



24.00 8.49
24.00 i -



33.00



25.00

27.00
27.00
33.00



24.00



14.39 14.00



24.25 I 25.00



25.25
24.50
25.82



24.00
24.00
24.00



26.07 ! 24.00



11.06



4.11



4.11



3.00 j

7.50 !
7.50 I
5.00 I



9.00
2.75



2.56

2.50

I 2.50

2.50



2723
2894



2.50


2652


2.60


2660


2.60


2667


2.50


2673


2.50


2683


2.50


2806


2.50


2818


2.50


2822




2830


2.50


2857


2.50


2917


2.50


2047


2.50


2698


2.50


2702



2006



2005

2872
2875
2049



2688
2682



2680
2797
2968
2022



DISTILLERS GRAINS



Ajax Flakes O

Ajax Milling & Feed Co O

O
O

Corn Distillers Grains (Proteina) O

C. F. Keck & Co., Milwaukee, Wis O

C
O



32.13


33.00


14.12


12.00


33.25


33.00




12.00


31.44


33.00





12.00


31.63


33.00


_


12.00


27.50


31.00


_


9.00


28.75


31.00


10.58


9.00


29.00


31.00





9.00


29.63


31.00


~


9.00



2710
2871
2979
2037

2670
2718
2760
2816



C, from the feeder;
inspector's sample.



D, from the dealer; M, from the manufacturer; and O, the



Digitized by VjOOQIC



FEEDING STUFF INSPECTION.



167



ANALYSES OF SAMPLES OF FEEDING STUFFS.



Name of Feed and Manufacturer
or Shipper.



«


Protein.


Fat.


•s.




















s




1




1


"5


1-


h


M


h


2


|l




|l




1


II


ii


ll



s

OQ



DISTLLERS GRAINS—CJontinued.



Ck>rn Distillers Grains (Proteina) — M

Continued O

O

O

C

Com Prot^ran D

The Dewey Bros. Co., Blanchester, Ohio D

D

Fourex Grains O

J. W. Biles Co., Cincinnati, O O



28.00
28.75
28.63
28.63
26.82

2532

24.63

25.00

31.00
33.75



31.00
31.00
31.00
31.00
31(00

33.00
36.00



33.00
33.00



10.94



11.65



13.41
13.36



9.00
9.00
9.00
9.00
9.00

14.00
12.00



11.00
11.00



2603
2852
2891
2065
2070

2565
2569
2592

2709
2975



BREWERS GRAINS AND MALT SPROUTS



Pure Dried Brewers Grains D

Atlantic Export Co., Milwaukee, Wis.

Brewers Grains O

Chas. A. Krause Grain Co., Milwaukee, Wis.

Malt Sprouts O

American Malting Co.



I2.,


19


1 24


13


23.75


24


13


28


38



27.00
25.00

25.00
25.00
25.00



3.62



7.00


7.00


7.00


7.00


2.00



2799
2708

2589
2708
2805



MISCELLANEOUS REINFORCED FEEDS



Badger Dairy Feed M

Chas. A. Krause Milling Co., Mil- C

waukee, Wis.

Daisy Dairy Feed D

Great Western Cereal Co., Chicago, 111. . D

O
O
O
D
O
O
O
D

Hammond Dairy Feed O

Western Grain Products Co., Hammond,
Indiana.



H.J. Flax Feed

Henry Jennings, Boston, Mass. .



18.13
17.88



11.94
12.31
13.44
13.38
12.07
13.94
13.00
12.25
14.57
14.63

15.32



23.31
15.00
17.44
15.82
16.63



18.00
18.00



16.00 I
16.00
16.00 I
16.00 '
16.00
16.00 i
16.00 '
16.00 !
16.00 ;
14.00



17.34
17.34
17.34
17.34
17.34



3.84



17.00 f 6.06



15.65



4.50
4.50



3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
2. .00
3.00

3.00



I



17.37
17.37
17.37
17.37
17.37



2836
2053



2634
2649
2658
2662
2736
2786
2802
2874
2056
2077

2705



2632
2636
2656
2665

2678



C, from the feeder; D, from the dealer; M, from the manufacturer; and O, the
inspector's sample.



Digitized by VjOOQIC



l68 MAINE AGRICULTURAI. EXPERIMENT STA';^ION. I908.



ANAI.YSES OF SAMPLES OF FEEDING STUFFS.



Name of Feed and Manufacturer
or Shipper.



Protein.



Fat.



2fl



§5
Oft






So



5

OQ



MISCELLANEOUS REINFORCED FEEDS— Continued.



H. J. Flax Feed— Continued O

D
D
O
O

o
o
o
o

M

Merritt's Jersey Cow Feed C

£. Merritt & Sons, Houlton, Me M

M

Premium Calf Meal

American Cereal Co., Akron, O M

Protena Dairy Feed O

Purina Mills, St. Louis, Mo .

Rye Protegran O

Dewey Bros., Co., Blanchester, O O

Union Grains D

J. W. Biles Co O

O
O
O



17.88
14.13
17.50
17.88
14.50
14.75
17.88
15.13
15.13
16.75

17.13
21.38
17.25



14.07
19.38



18.44
19.19

21.94
22.82
22.00
22.38
23.57



17.34


_


17.37


17.34





17.37


17.34


_


17.37


17.34


17.81


17.37


17.34




17.37


17.34


_


17.37


17.34





17.37


17.34


_


17.37


17.34





17.37




13.92


-


14.50


5.94


4.50


20.00


-


3.50


21.00


8.03


6.00


21.00


9.06


6.00


24.00


-


7.00


24.00





7.00


24.00


6.13


7.00


24.00




7.00



2717
2773
2774
2821
2826
2864
2920
2943
2944
2036

2793
2809
2951



2597
2060



2735
2009

2595
2657
2791
2878
2996



MOLASSES AND SUGAR FEEDS



Molac Molasses Dairy Feed O

Quaker Oats Co., Chicago, lU . . . . O

O

Sucrene Dairy Feed O

American Milling Co., Chicago, 111 O

C
O
O
O
C

Sucrene Horse Feed D

American Milling Co., Chicago, 111.



13.63
16.50
17.00

17.19
17.63
17.63
18.13
18.63
16.50
18.75

13.32



11.00


3.43


3.00


16.00


6.81


3.00


15.50


4.24


3.00


16.50


_


3.50


16.50


7.22


3.60


16.50




3.50


16.50





3.50


16.50


_


3.50


16.50





3.60


16.50


-


3.5Q


13.50


-


3.60



2892
2912
2018

2676
2722
2756
2915
2851
2960
2072

2757



C, from the feeder; D, from the dealer; M, from the manufacturer; and O, the
inspector's sample.



Digitized by VjOOQIC



FEEDING STUFF INSPECTION.



169



ANALYSES OF SAMPLES OF FEEDING STUFFS.





i

s
8


Protein.


Fat.




Name of Feed and Manufacturer




1


1

■ ! 1


1


or Shipper.


"S


U


1.


1^ \l


§




§


^1


5


p ! i


1




1


ii


1^ : h


OQ



CORN, BARLEY A OAT FEED.








Ideal Com, Barley A Oat Feed O

E. T. A H. J. Ide. St. Johnsbury, Vt.


7.44


9.00


2.81 !

1
J


3.28


2954



CORN AND OAT FEEDS



Boss Chop Feed

Great Western Cereal Co .



•Chop Feed

David Stott, Detroit, Mich.



Fine Ground Eclipse Feed

Husted Milling & Elevator Co., Buffalo,

N. Y.



Empire Feed for Stock

Empire Mills, Orlean, N. Y



Haskell's Stock Feed

W. H. Haskell & Co., Toledo, O.



Horse Feed

Buffalo Cereal Co .



Husted Stock Feed

Husted MUUng Co., Buffalo, N. Y.

0.0. Feed

E. S. Woodworth & Co., Minneapolis,
Minn.



Pearl Cooked Horse & Cow Feed . .
Flint Mills Co.. Milwaukee, Wis .



Schumachers Stock Feed

Quaker Oats Co., Chicago, 111 .



Victoria Chop

Royce & Coon Grain Co., Bowling Green,
Ohio



9.44
9.07


8.50
8.50


6.00


9.19


-


4.48


10.00


9.00


4.14


7.19
8.00
8.13
8.94
8.82
8.32


7.68
7.68
7.68

7.63
7.63


3T97


10.25
9.07
9.26

8.88


8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00


7.64


12.50
12.57


12.00
12.00


4.68


9.38


8.00


5.24


11.25


10.51


-


8.07
8.63
10.13


8.00
8.00
8.00


3.38


10.63
11.31
11.50
10.25
11.25
12.07
11.44


10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00


4.48


9.13-


8.11


-


7.07


8.11


3.38



3.50
3.50



4.00



3.97
3.97
3.97

3.97
3.97

6.25
6.25
4.00
4.00

4.50
4.50

4.00



5.75



3.00
3.00
3.00

4.00



4.00
3.05
3.05



2779
2967



2990
2711



2606
2693
2724
2832
2900
2964

2659
2674
2898
2045

2727
2897

2050



2766



2681
2919
2930

■ 2671
2803
2823
2850
2895
2021
2067

2069

2893



C, from the feeder; D, from the dealer; M, from the manufacturer; and O, the
inspector's sample.



Digitized by VjOOQIC



170 MAINE AGRICUWURAI. EXPERIMENT STATION. I908.



ANALYSES OF SAMPLES OF FEEDING STUFFS.



Name of Feed and Manufacturer
or Shipper.





Protein.


Fat.


»






(1)






-a




















s




1




1 ,


•0


1-


1^


H


1;


£


h


P


i^




1


ii


00.


Is


ll



I

a



5

OQ



CORN AND OAT FEEDS— Continued.



Viffo Corn and Oat Feed D

Indiana MiUing Co.

Wirthmore Stock Feed

Chas. M. Cox Co., Boston, Mass O



8.25



9.19



10.00
10.00



6.47



4.00



4.00



2602
2767



HOMINY FEEDS



Star Hominy F^

Toledo Elevator Co., Toledo,


...D


8.88


7.00


_


6.50


2770


Susquehanna Hominy Chop

Oneonta MUling Co.


...


10.94


10.00


-


7.00


2028


Wirthmore Hominy Feed
Chas. M. Cox Co., Boston


...


10.50


10.50


-


7.60


2043



RICE FEED



Ground Rice O

Quaker Oats Co., Chicago, 111.



8.00



9.61



0.26 0.38



2768



POULTRY FEEDS



Crescent Chick Feed


....


10.00


-


-


-


2583


Dry Mash Feed

Park & Pollard Co.
Purina Baby Chick Feed

Ralston Purina MiQs Co., St. Louis.


....

...D
Mo.


19.00
11.19


23.00
11.00


3.78


3.00
3.50


2889
2594


Schumahers Scratching Feed

Quaker Oats Co., Chicago, HI.


....


9.75


10.50


3.03


3.00


2906


Sun Chick Starter


....


9.60


-


-


-


2584



C, from the feeder; D, from the dealer; M,'from the manufacturer; and O, the
inspector's sample.



Digitized by VjOOQIC



FEEDING STUFF INSPECTION.



171



ANALYSES OF SAMPLES OF FEEDING STUFFS.







Protein.


Fat.














i


Name of Feed and Manufacturer


S!|




1




1


1


or Shipper.


1


M


h


M


h


9

a




§■


■Si


Guaran
percen


V




1




^i


&l


it


5 hi

Is.


I



WHEAT OFFALS



Acme Feed O

Acme Milling Co., Indianapolis O

Apex Fancy Mixed Feed

Allen Baker Corn Co., St. Louis O

Gem Mixed Feed

Allen Baker Com Co.,St. Louis. . .



.. O
O
O

Trojan Middlings Pure Wheat Feed

Allen & Wheeler Co., Troy, O O

Bran

Ansted & Burk Co., Springfield, O O

Middlings O

Ansted & Burk Co., Springfield, O O

Mixed Feed O

Ansted & Burke Co., Springfield, O O

Pure Wheat Bran O

Ashton Flouring Mills.

Badger Standard Middlin|5s O

Badger Crittenden Milhng Co., Milwau-
kee, Wis.

Bull's Eye Mixed Feed

Blish Milling Co., Saymour, Ind O



Gopher Middlings

Brooks Elevator Co O

Purity Pure Winter Wheat Bran

Cairo Milling Co O

Clover Leaf Bran

Seymour-Carter O

Erie Winter Mixed Feed

Chapin & Co., Boston O

Pure Wheat Bran

Chapin & Co., Boston O

Jersey Bran Pure Wheat

Geo. C. Christain, Minneapolis O

Bran

H. C. Cole MiUing Co O



16.67
16.76


16.00
16.00


17.44


14.00


17.69


14.00



16.44 I 14.00 ;
17.32 14.00 (



16.38



14.88 ' 14.00



16.94
17.13


16.00
16.00


16.32
16.67


-


16.76


16.00


18.69


16.60


16.32
16.26


-


17.19


16.00


16.60


14.00


14.38


14.30


17.82




14.69


14.00


14.88


16.00


16.38


14.50



4.00



4
4
4



3.00



4

- ! 4

4.31

I

6,

- ! ^
6.61 6



I



2856
2877



2025



2663
2927
2961



2942



2713



2881
2931



2861
2932



2055
2907



2858
2998



2968

2058

2966
2956

2019

2926

2068



C, from the feeder; D, from the dealer;
inspector's sample.



M, from the manufacturer; and O, the



Digitized by VjOOQIC



172



MAINE AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION. I908.



ANALYSES OF SAMPLES OF FEEDING STUFFS.



Name of Feed and Manufacturer
or Shipper.




a






WHEAT OFFALS— Continued.



Middlings

H. C. Cole MiUing Co D ! 18.07

I
Winter Wheat Bran .

Wm. A. Coombe Milling Co., Coldwater, \
Mich ..O I 16.63

Winter Wheat Mixed Feed, 1

Wm. A. Coombs Milling Co., Coldwater,

Mich O I 15.44

O 15.32
O 16.13

Columbia Mixed Feed D I 15 .50

Chas. M. Cox Co., Boston O I 1538

O 15.25

Adrian Pure Winter Wheat Bran O i 15 .00

Detroit Milling Co., Detroit

Winter Wheat Bran O 1 14 .50

Dow & King, Pittsfield, 111.



16.00



14.00



15.00



Bran O

Dow & King, Pittsfield, 111.

Middlings O

Dow & King, Pittsfield, HI.

Boston Mixed Feed D

Duluth Superior Mills Co.. Duluth. .... O

O

Bran

Dwight Flour Mills, Minneapolis O

Eaco Mixed Feed O

Everett, Aughenbauch & Co., Wa-seca,
Minn O

Ideal Mixed Feed O

Fergus Flour Mills Co., Fergus Falls, Minn

Frontier Pure Wheat Mixed Feed O

Flint Mills Co., Milwaukee.

Mixed Vermont Feed O

Flint Mills Co., Milwaukee O

O
O
O

Bran & Shorta O

Glen Villm Roller MUls

^anford Mixed Feed O

Griswold & Mackinnon,St.Johnsbury,Vt.

Pure Wintf r Wheat Bran D

Hunter Bros. Milling Co., St. Louis, Mo . O



14.57

16.63

16.25
16.19
16.19

13.88

16.82

16.94

15.69



16.00
16.00
16.00

12.00

15.00

15.00



17.13 ; 14.00



16.38
17.00
17.19
16.94
17.13

17.25



15.88



15.94
16.56



15.00
15.00
14.00
14.00
14.00



14.00
14.00



4.50
3.00

3.00



4.50
4.50
4.50

3.00

3.00

3.00



3.00

4.00
4.00
4.00
4.00
4.00



3.50



2985



2947



2691

2948

2600
2887
2962

2015



2731

2999

2732

2798
2869
3000

2868

2866

2941

2903

2020

2676
2685
2879
2040
2933

2024
2913



2700
2899



C, from the feeder; D, from the dealer; M, from the manufacturer; and O, the
inspector's sample.



Digitized by VjOOQIC



FEEDING STUFF INSPECTION.



173



ANALYSES OF SAMPLES OF FEEDING STUFFS.



Protdn.



Fat.



Name of Feed and Manufacturer
or Shipper.



I!



i



&l



h



CJD.



i



a

I

OQ



WHEAT OFFALS— Continued.



Hunter.s Matchless Mixed Feed

Hunter Bros. Milling Co., St. Louis, Mo

Hunter's Sunshine Mill Feed

Hunter Bros. Milling Co., St. Louis, Mo.



Mixed Feed

Huron Milling Co., Harbor Beach, Mich.

Kehlor's Mill Feed

Kehlor's Flour Mills Co., St. Louis, Mo.






14.69





15


.06





17


.69





17


.32


D


16.50 ;



Fancy Mixed Feed

Kciley Milling Co., Kansas City, Mo .

Bran.



, O
O



Kelley A Lysle Milling Co., Leavenworth
Kansas.



Snowflake Middlings

Lawrenceburg Roller Mills Co.



Gold Heart Mixed Feed

Missouri Valley Milling Co .



O
O
O

O
O
O



Bran O

Morris City Mills, Morris, Minn.

Bran O

Northwestern Consolidated Co.
Pillsbury's Pure and Unadulterated Wheat
Bran O

Pillsbury, Minneapolis, Minn O

Pillsbury's B. Middlings

Pillsbury, Minneapolis O

Champion Mixed Feed O

Portland Milling Co O



King Feed

R. P. Moore Milling Co.
Bran

Quality MUls, Enterprise, Kans.



14.50



17.19
16.57



17.38
18.00



15.75



18.50
15.82
15.88

16.50
17.38
16.88

14.50



15.63



15.82
15.25



17.38



15.69
15.75



16.13
16.32



Bran

Red Lake Falls Milling Co.



O I 16.00



15.00



15.00
15.00
15.00
15.00



14.00
14.00



16.50
16.50
16.50



14.25



13.00
13.00



14.00



14.00



Buck Eye Mixed Feed O | 15.32 , 13.00

Quaker Oats Co., Chicago, 111 O 1 16 .38 13 .00

D I 16.07 1 13.00



5.52



I



4.56



4.00



4.00



2026



2704
2882
2938
2811

2719



2800
2016



2923
2972



2601



2960
2928
2039

2703
2924
2001

2929



2916



4.00
4.00


2922
2940


4.50


2901


_


2945
2991


3.70


2997


-


2042


4.00
4.00
4.00


2694
2863
2086



2032



C, from the feeder; D, from the dealer; M, from the manufacturer; and O, the
the inspector's sample.



Digitized by VjOOQIC



174 MAIN^ AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION. I908.



ANALYSES OF SAMPLES OF FEEDING STUFFS.



Name of Feed and Manufacturer
or Shipper.



Protein.


Fat.


II


1
h

u


1 -g

II


1

h

a d

II



I



a

■I



WHEAT OFFALS — Continued.



Occident Mixed Feed

RusseU-Miller Milling Co.





17.69


15.00


-


4.00


2041


Gold Mine Mixed Feed

Sheffield-King Milling Co., Minneapolis
Minn.





16.63


17.00


,


4.60


2789


Pure Winter Wheat Bran

SheUabarger Mill & Elevator Co., Salem
KaT)*?iw



'0


17.69

18.75


14.00
14.00


-


3.50
3.50


2788
2853


Star Middlings

Star & Crescent Milling Co.





17.57


15.00


-


4.00


2075


'f^W.' Sto^k a Son,' iemisdaie,' Mich.





15.07


_


-


-


2867


Stock's Monarch Mixed Feed

F. W. Stock & Son, Hillsdale, Mich.





16.19


-


-


-


2870


Bran

David Stott, Detroit, Mich.





16.63


-




-


2987


Stott's aimax Middlings

David Stott, Detroit, Mich.





19.25


-


-


, -


2989


Stott's Honest Mixed Feed

David Stott, Detroit. Mich







16.63
17.00


-


_


-


2988
2044


Farmer's Favorite Winter Wheat

Vinco Mixed Cow Feed

VaUey City MUling Co., Grand Rapids
Mich





'0


14.75
16.00

15.66


:




:


2699
2914

2980


Michigan Winter Wheat Bran

Valley Gty Milling Co. Grand Rapids,..
Mich.





14.00


-


-


-


2591


Vinco Bran

VaUey aty Milling Co., Grand Rapids
Mich



'0


16.07
14.94


-


-


-


2981
2994


Voight's Choice Winter Wheat Bran

Voight MUUng Co., Grand Rapids










14.38
16.32
15.07
15.13
15.13


-


-


-


2590
2904
2888
2905
2978


Mill Run Brand Mixed Feed

Waggoner Gates Milling Co.





16.50


-


-


-


2046


Unadulterated Wheat Bran

Washburn Crosby Co., Minneapolis.


D


15.50


-


-


-


2812


Unadulterated Coarse Wheat Bran

Washburn-Crosby Co., Minneapolis. . .


§


14.63
14.50


15.00
15.00


-


4.00
4.00


2925
2012


Snow's Flaky Bran

E. S. Woodworth & Co.





16.69


14.25


-


4.10


2061



Digitized by VjOOQIC



FEEDING STUFF INSPECTION.



175



ANALYSES OF SAMPLES OF FEEDING STUFFS.





1


Protein.


. Fat.














J


Name uf Feed and Manufacturer




1




1




or Shipper.


*o




J




I









1 ■*«


-S**


1 ^






1


n
it


h




h


1



ADULTERATED WHEAT OFFALS



Blue Grass Mixed Feed O



A. Waller & Co., Henderson, Ky .



Jersey Mixed Feed . . .
Indiana Milling Co .



10.13


10.00


2.65


2.50


10.19


10.00




2.50


9.38


10.00





2.60


10.56


10.00





2.50


10.60


10.00


.


2.50


9.88


10.00


. -


2.60 1


9.26


10.00


_


2.00 !


11.69


12.06


2.82


3.20 1



2661
2679
2730
2813
2033
2064

2733
2963



BEEF SCRAPS



Bowker's Fresh Ground Beef Scrap O

The Bowker Co., Boston, Mass.

Breck's Ground Beef Scrap O

Breck

Dow's Ground Beef Scrap O

John C. Dow CJo O

O



Ground Bone & Scrap

S. H. Nash, Bangor. Me.



Beef Scrap

Portland Rendering Co., Portland .



Bone & Meat Meal for Poultry

Portland Rendering Co., Portland, .



Swift's Lowell Edible Bone Meal O

Swift's Lowell Fertilizer Co., Boston,
Mass.
Swift's Lowell Edible Bone Meal for Cattle

and Poultry O

Swift's Lowell Fertilizer Co., Boston,
Mass.



52.50


40.00


47.38


45.00


45.08
42.38
43.13


45.00
50.00
45.00


39.66


39.10


46.69
45.32
42.94
37.32
38.25
40.38


40.00
40.00
40.00
40.00
40.00
40.00


38.00
38.57


40.00
40.00


24.13


10.00


24.75


10.00



13.95



16.90



5.00



12.00



15.00
15.00
22.68 I 12.00

29.30 I 36.67



16.10



12.33



15.00
15.00
15.00
15.00
15.00
15.00

8.00
8.00

5.00



0.20 ! 6.00



2696



2918



2716
2654
2824

2827



2655
2664
2687
2862
2880
2083

2663
2007

2712



2008



Digitized by VjOOQIC



176 maine agriculturai. experiment station. i908.

Cottonseed Meai..
. Analyses pages 161 to 165.
Cottonseed meal is a by-product from the manufacture of
cottonseed oil. After the cotton has been taken from the seed
in the cotton gin, the remaining down or "linters" and the hard
black seed coats or hulls are removed by machinery. The
remainder of the seed is cooked and the oil expressed by high
pressure. The resulting cottonseed cake is ground into the
bright, yellow cottonseed meal of commerce.

GRADES OF COTTONSEED MEAI,.

The shippers of cottonseed meal up to about two years ago
guaranteed 43 pet cent protein and 9 per cent fat. A large part
of the cottonseed meal is used for fertilizing purposes and its
nitrogen is guaranteed in the form of ammonia. Most of the
meal sold in Maine in 1907-8 was guaranteed 41 per cent protein
and 7 or 9 per cent fat.

Two grades of meal, "choice and prime," were shipped from
the crop of 1907. The grade "extra prime" of the 1906 crop
was not shipped in 1907-8.

Choice cottonseed meal is finely ground, perfectly sound and
sweet in odor, free from excess of lint and hulls and by analysis
shows nitrogen equivalent to at least 8 per cent ammonia,
equivalent to 41.15 per cent protein.

Prime cottonseed meal is finely ground, of sweet odor, reason-
ably bright in color and by analysis contains nitrogen equivalent
to at least 7 per cent ammonia, equivalent to 36 per cent protein.

Meal below prime in quality is classed as "Off" meal and
includes any cottonseed meal which is distinctly deficient in any
of the requirements of prime quality, either in color, odor, tex-
ture or analysis, or all.

The hulls and cotton which should be removed from the seed
before it is crushed and pressed, have but little feeding value.
A little of these materials has always been present in the meal ;
with the present processes of manufacture, there is probably
more of these materials present than formerly. The demand
from feeders for cottonseed meal has so increased the value of
this by-product that the temptation to include as much of the



Digitized by VjOOQIC



FElSDING STUI^F INSPECTION. \^^

hulls and cotton as practicable is great. The processes of manu-
facture in different mills also vary so that the meal from some
mills will contain more of the dark hulls which gives a dark
colored meal of inferior feeding value.

Strictly first-class cottonseed meal is always bright and yellow
and should have a pleasant nutty flavor. Not all dark colored
cottonseed meal is necessarily adulterated. The spontaneous
heating of the seed in the field, or over cooking of the "meats"
may render the meal dark in color without changing its compo-
sition. . Such meal is not first quality, however, and should be
sold at a lower price.

A SIMPI.E TEST FOR QUALITY.

Because of the differences in the behavior of hulls, the finely
ground cottonseed meal, and the cotton when wet up with water,
the presence of undue amounts of hull and cotton can be readily
detected by stirring a little of the meal in a tumbler of water.
The hulls, unless they are very finely ground, settle out first and
on top of these will come the finer portions of the meal, and
finally the cotton by itself. By testing a meal of high grade in
comparison with a poor quality meal, one can so familiarize
himself with this test as to quite readily and accurately dis-
tinguish the quality of cottonseed meal.

ANALYSIS OF DEALERS SAMPLES.

The cottonseed meal situation in Maine in 1906-7 was very
unsatisfactory, chiefly because of the great damage to the cotton
crop of 1906 by the severe storms in the Gulf States. Fearing
that conditions might again lead to the shipping of low grade
meal the following circular was sent to Maine dealers in Octo-
ber, 1907.

"The cottonseed meal situation in the fall of 1906 and winter
of 1907 was very unsatisfactory. Something has been done
towards correcting this matter through the Interstate Cotton-
seed Crushers Association. Also many shippers are apparently
desirous of doing the right thing. There is reason however, to



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