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Robert Corbin, John Phillips, Richard Martin,- the settler at
Martin's Point, opposide Macworth's Point; at Back Cove,
George Ingersoll, George Lewis, John Lewis, and Nathaniel
Wallis ; on the Neck, lived George Cleeves, Michael Mitton,
and Richard Tucker; at I'urpooduck, Joseph Phippen, Sam]*-
son Penley, Thomas Staniford, Nicholas White, and proViably
John Wallis ; Robert Jordan is the only name we meet with
from Spurwink ; Francis Small lived at Capisic, on a tract of
land he purchased of the Indians.

The several parcels of land conveyed l)y Cleeves and Tucker,
were invariably situated upon the margin of one of the rivers,
or of the Back Cove. The earliest grants from them we meet
with, were to Atwell, at Martin's Point, and to (!eorge Lewis,

1 York IlfC^^nls.

- M:irtiu marii'-il wMo'A' Atwell, aiii.1 aflerwant occupieJ her farm.

'-ijij. .vor

;..) ,'1 I

:- .- - ■ .' I'


at tlic entrance into r.;;ek Cove ; these were made before liUO,
raid probably after June S, IGoT. the date of their possession
under Gor'^es' deed. The next conveyance vre have discov-
ered, was of two liundred acres at Back Cove, to Wise and
.Mosicr, in 1040, between the hind of Atwell and Lewis.
We find no trace of any other conveyances from tliosc persons
until 1G4'!, when they granted to John Moses, " now of
Piscataqua river," ''one hundred acres of land in Casco bay,
adjoiniiiL' unto land formerly granted unto George Lewis." in
consideration of seven years service as an ai)]irentice to them.^
Between the date of the two last mentioned conveyances,
Clccvcs went to England and procured his commission from
Tvi'jby, and also May 23,16-43, a title to the same tract which
had been granted to him by Gorges.

For a number of years after this period, Cleeves was engaged
ill a controversy with the agents of Gorges for the maintenance
of his power as the deputy of Kigl>y ; and after he was quietly
established in his government, he soon became occupied in
resisting the claim of ^Massachusetts. Tlieso employments,
together with the continual opposition ])y which his adminis-
tration was harrassed by discontented subjects, must have left
him but little opportunity for the improvement of the large
tract conveyed to himself and partner.

In 1G50, May 1, he confirmed Peaks' Island to Michael Mit-
ton,liis son-in-law, under authority fromRigby, and January 1,
1651, by the same authority, he conveyed to him one hundred
acjes at Clark's Pohit, adjoining his dwelling-house, which Mitton
"had possessed for ten years." February 24, 1651, he trans-
ferred to him all that tract lying in Casco bay, granted to him
by Alexander Ptigby, which he describes as being "now in the
possession of me the said Cleeves and other of my tenants," also
all the utensils, household stulT in and aljout the house and
buildings, witli all lii< hous'^s, buildings, "••cuttle :i< w>,']] a< -.-nus

1 York Records. ']

..J '■ -i '\;l

f; i' ■',!■;/.

, ( 1 . . .

I') W. ;..,.


<aud calves and steer? and swine, young and old, as also all
other cattle and goods," and mentions as the con'^iduroiiou ;i
sum of money, and also "that lie the said Michael Mition, shall
at all time and times hereal'ter maintain and provide lor ni',',
the said George Cleeves, and for Joan, my now wife, good and
sufiicient meat and drink, apparel and lodging and physick ami
all other necessaries for the relief of this frail life for hotli of
lis, and the longest liver of hoth of us, as well as for other con-
siderations me hereunto moving as well the marriage of niy
daughter as otherways.'' Although this deed appears to have,
been regularly executed, yet it probably never took clTect, as
we find Cleeves afterward, even the same year, making con-
veyances of parcels of the same land ; the deed was not record-
ed until 1717.

December 26, 1051, Cleeves conveyed to Nicholas Bartlett,*
of Cajie Porpus, '-one hundred acres lying together in Casco
hay, near unto the house of me, the said George Cleeves. to
begin at the soutli-wcst side of the corn field, now employed for
tillage and corn, by me the said Cleeves ; the bounds to begin
at the small water lake, which runneth into the cove, near the
said corn field, and is to run eightscore poles into the woods,
and from the cove south-west by the water side toward the house
of Michael Mitton, one hundred poles, together with so much
marsh ground as is to be appointed to every other tenant for
every hundred acres. "^ This description points out the situa-
tion of the grant ; it extended from Clay Cove to about where
Union street now is, and includcl the whole width of the Xeck.

* [Bartlett lived .sometime in Scarborough.]

1 lu the time of Gov. Andross, 1CS7, Bartlett petitioned for confirmation of
this title, and represeuled that he bore arnib for King Charles eight years., lor
most of which time he had no pay, especially the last three years he served in
the Princes guard, and at last was forced to fly out of England for bis life, poor
and destitute; and in order to settle liimseii here, purchased land of Clee^ ».';•.
That Danforth disposed of the land to ot'oer lar-n uhn i>uilt upon it. Ho " ?-S
the.'i iiviijg in Salem. — Ycrf: Ihconh.

.!■' .

]'■■.•;- jejrnU


This tract was conveyed by Bartlett to John Higgin?on, Jr., of
Salem, in 1700, and by Higginson's executors to John ;>mith
of Boston in 1720, but it does not appear that it was ever oc-
cupied by Bartlett or those who claimed under him. It is very
certain that it was entirely disregarded by President Danfortli
in the settlement of the town in lOSO.

On the 20tli February, li)o3, Cleeves being in England, re-
ceived from Edward Rigby a grant of one thousand acres
adjoining the land formerly granted to him, ''beginning at the
little falls in Casco river, and running westwardly three hun-
dred and twenty poles, and five hundred poles southwardly."
Possession was delivered V»y Mitton to Richard Tucker l>y the
appointment, and for the use of Cleeves ; and July 18, IGoS,
Cleeves conveyed the same to Tucker for thirty pounds sterling.
We hear nothing more of this title, and presume it died with

These are the only conveyances we find from Cleeves pre-
vious to 1G57 ; after that time they are more frequent, owing
probably to the increase of immigration. In May, lG-)7, lie
granted to "James Andrews, son of Samuel Andrews, citizen of
London, deceased," one hundred acres of land at the upper
end of the marsh on Fore river, near Capisic. ^ In this deed
mention is made of a grant of one hundred acres next adjoin-
ing, by Cleeves to his granddaughter, Ann Mitton ; we do not
find the latter deed recorded, but the land is held under that
title at the present day ; Ann Mitton having married Anthony
Brackctt, who occupied the estate and left the whole, or part
of it, to his posterity.*

June 20, lGo7, Cleeves conveyed to "John Lewis, eldest son
of George Lewis, of Casco," one hundred acres bordering on
his fiUhcr's former grant of fifty acres. This was situated at
Back Cove, not far from Tukey's bridge, and is part of the farm

^ York Records.

* [Tliis funui part of tlio Deoring farm at Back Cove.]

'>0(Vf,' 'A\ .} :'l (Ml

i,,..- ) :b'-' .. : -.yvi N.|..t,.'^ 0'


no^v owned bv IlfUiy Ilslcy.* Lewis convoyed it. to Xatliani-.l
Wallis in 1074, who occui>iod it. November :^0, of this year.
Cleeves made another eonveyanee of lifty acres to George Lewis,
lying southerly of his son John's grant, and extending to
Fall Cove.

The earliest Indian deed we have met with of land in Fal-
mouth, was made July 27, 1G57, by Scilterygussct to Francis
Small; it runs thus: "Be it known unto all men that I, Scit-
terygusset, of Casco Bay, Sagamore, do hereby firmly covenant.
bargain, grant, and sell unto Francis Small, of the said Casco
Bay, fisherman, his heirs, etc., all that upland and marshes at
Capisic, lying up along the northern side of the river, unto the
head thereof, and so to reach and extend unto the river side
of Ammoncongan." The consideration for the conveyance of
this large tract, about two miles in extent, was "one trading
coat a year for Capisic, and one gallon of liquor a year for
Ammon c o n ga n . "

We know but little of this Sagamore ; Winthrop mentions
him as the leader of the party which nutrdered Bagnall on
Richmond's Island in 1031, and a creek near the mouth of
Presumpscot river still perpetuates his name. What extent of
territory he rided over, or what distinguishing name his tribe
bore, we have no means of ascertaining. We may, howevL-r,
reasonably conjecture that his people spread between the An-
droscoggin and Saco tribes, and occupied the river Presumpscot
and the large ponds from which it has its source. Aucocisco,
the name that Capt. John Smith and other early writers apply
to the natives u}»on this bay, iliay be considered as belonging
to this tribe, which may therefore be called the Aucocisco, or
as the name is now used, the Casco tribe, of which Scittery-
gusset was the chief Sagamore at this time.

The neighboring tribes had their appropriate a])pellations,
and the name we have assumed, is the only ono of those pre-
served ]jy the early wi-iters, which remains unapplied.

* [In 1^ '.1. 'Jk; Wo'-xlinati farm is part of it.]

[>•> ■.


At the date of this deed, Francis Sinall M-as thii'ty years '.Id ;
he settled on his |)uroha-e, where he remained several years,
and afterward niDvod to Ivittery, where he was living in 1»3S:3.
In :\ray, 1058, he sold half of the tract to John Pliillips, of
Boston, and it was subsequently improved by his son-in-law,
George ]\Iunjoy, who made an additional purchase of the In-
dians in lOGO.

The natives had a large place cleared at Anmioneongan. oii
the north side of Presumi'scot river, whicli tb.ey inijirovcd Wm-
planting, and which retained the name of the Indian planting
ground for many years. The purchasers suljsequently used it
foi" tlic same purpose.

August 10, 1(J57, Cleeves conveyed to John Phillips fifiy
acres on the south-west side of the Presunijiscot, adjoining the
last falls on that river, and between "said mill falls and l\ich-
ard Martin's land." On the 3d of May, 1658, lie conveyed to
him lifty acres more, '-adjoining the now dwelling house of said
Phillips ;" in the latter deed, Phillips is described '-of Casco
Bay millwright." In 1602, Cleeves confirms to Phillips his
former conveyances, speaking of them as containhig two hun-
dred and fifty acres with mill privileges, etc.' • Phillips was a
AVelchman;- he had previously lived on Broad Ijay, in North
Yarmouth, on a place wliicli he sold before 1643, to Georgo
Felt. It is presumed that he purchased the mill privileges be-
fore mentioned for tlie purpose of jmrsuing his occupation. lie
had made previous purchases there, and Cleeves' confirmation
speaks of a much larger quantity of land, than the deeds wo
have found convey. It is believed that Phillips established on
the Presumpscot river the first mills ever erected there, or in-
deed in any part of the town. In fact, mills were erected on
no other j>art of that river for many years afterward, and not
until they were in operation at Capisie, and at Barbary Creek,

^ York Records.

- Fell's deposition. York Records,

• I' Mil.! ,!: i'


\. -Ji.


ill Cajio Eli'/abetli. The first notico of mills in this town wliirh
wo have met with, is in a deed dated June 8, 1G4G, iu v>\nd\
is the ibllowing rceitation : ''1 John Wraith and Joane my wife,
now living at Casko mill, under the government of Mr. George
Clecves, sell to Ixiehard Bulgar of IJoston, all that dwelling
house which said John Smith hath in dowry with his wife Jo-
ane situated in Agamenticus ;" the deed '-was sealed and de-
livered unto ^Ir. George Cleeves and Ixieliard Tucker for the
use of Richard Bulg;ir.''^ AVc know of no })laee in the town
which unites so many probahilities in favor of the location of
the first mill as the lower falls on the Presumpscot, and there-
fore ju'csume that Smiih must have lived near that spot. In a
description of land at Back Cove, lietwecn.Fall Brook and tlni
Presumpscot, acco^npanied l_>y a survey made in IGST, Ave llud
the land and dwelling house of a John Smith referred to ; if
this be the same Smith and the place where he lived in liUO,
we should have no hesitation in deterjuining that the ten-itory
which Sjui til mentions under the name of "Casko 31111," was
situated around the loAver falls of the Presumpscot. The naiuc
of Smith was as common in the early history of the country as
it is at the i)resent day. Captain John Smith we have before
mentioned as one of our first visitors ; another John Smith
was one of the earliest settlers at Saco ; he was born in 1G12,
and was a carpenter by trade ; in 1GS5, he gave his deposition
in which he described himself as John Smith, Senior, said he
was seventy-three years old, and ''forty years agone was mar-
shal under ]\Ir. George Cleeves ;" Thomas Smith and a Jolui
Smith were jurymen in 1G40 ; Richard Smith witnesseth tlie
possession of Black Point to Cammock, in 1G33, and William
Smyth of Black Point, planter, died in March, 1G76, aged 88,
having bequeathed his property to his brother Richard of West-
chester, England. The Jolm Smith of Casko Mill, does not
occur again in our records, and we have no means of distin-
guishing liim from the numerous others of his name.

3 York Records.

ii y.v.ii ^I'i;

"' » EArxLY CONVEYANCES. ' 121

There Avere two pers(3us of the name of John Phillips who
frequently appear in our early transaetions ; one was deacon
John Phillips of Bu^^lon. a merchant, whose only daughter,
Mary, mari'ied Geojge ^lunjoy, a distinguished inhabitant of
Falmouth ; he hceame a large jiurehaser of land here, although
never a permanent resident: he died in 1G83, in Boston, The
other was John Phillips, the millwright, who lived here many
years and until driven away in the Indian war, when he moved
to Kittery, where he died without issue; he was born in 1*307,
and was living in 1081.

AVe meet with tlie names of George IngersoU and Robert
Corbin for the first time in 1657 ; in 1085, IngersoU testified
that about twenty-eight years since, Robert Corbin cleared a
parcel of that meadow, called George Lewis's marsli, about
eight or ten acres or thereabouts, at the north end of said
marsh." Corbin liad relatives living in the vicinity of Boston,
and probably himself came from that neighborhood ; a Robert
Corbin is mentioned by "Winthrop' as being captain of the
Speedwell, in August, 1037. Our Robert married Lydia, the
daughter either of Richard Martin or of his wife, by her for-
mer husband, Atwell, and lived on a largo farm adjoining
Martin's on Presumpscot river, until he was killed )>y the In-
dians, August 11, 1070.

In the beginning of the next year, 1658, Cleeves made sev-
eral conveyances of land, principally at Back Cove ; the deeds
were dated March 25th, the first day of the year* according to
the ancient mode of computation. The first was to Humphrey
Durham of filty acres, adjoining south-west on Xathanlel Mit-
ton's land, thence easterly fifty rods by the water side, thence
one hundred and sixty rods north-westerly into the woods ; the
next, was to Phineas Rider, of fifty-five acres, extending fifty.
five ]"ods from Durham's by the water; next, to George Inger-
soU, fifty-five acres extending fifty-fise rods adjoining the wa-

1 Wintluop, vol. ii. p. SiS. * [Annunciation or Lady-day.]

■..I'j ,"/•;.: ,ir,; , , .;'


tcr; next, to Thomas .^killings/ the siniie quantity and distai:.'*'
boi'dering on the cove "lionie to the liound;; of Eiehard Tuck-
er."* The consideration of these conveyances respectively, was
a shilling an acre for the land, a yearly rent of twelve pence
and "one day's work for one man every year for all services
and demands," The purcliasers ocieupied their resjicctivi'
grants; but whether they took immediate possession of them
is not known. The grant to Skillings remained many year> In
his family. It is believed that Anthony Bracket t purchased
the grants of the other three, as his form is described as ex-
lending to the land of Skillings. In May following (lG-3^ )
Clcevcs conveyed to his gi-andchild, Nathaniel Mittoii, fifty
acres adjoining the fifty acres iormerly granted to his father,
"and so to go toward the north-cast by the water side home
to the lot of Ilumphrey Durham," also lifty acres at the narrow
of the neck, west of round marsh. The latter parcel, Mitton
sold to Richard Powsland, in lii74, who afterward occn])ied it ;
of the other, he proljably died seized.

In order to Itring together the grants and settlements arouud
Back Cove, we will anticipate a year or two and introduce the
conveyance by Richard Tucker, of the only land on the north-
ern margin of the Cove, which remained at this time unoccu-
pied. Tucker's deed was made May 20, IGGl, to Thomas
Wakely, Matt^liew Coe, John Wakely, and Isaac Wakely, all of
Cape Ann ; the land is described as follows : '-th^ full quantity
of two hundred acres of npland ground not yet improved, witii
th.e ten acres of meadow, lying and Ix-ing within two miles or
thereabouts of the said land, which meadow hath formerly been
improved by order of said Tucker. Xo\v know ye that tliis tw(j
luindred acres of land before expressed, is situate, lying and
being between the lot of George Lewis and Thomas ^killings,
in the jAace commonly called Back Cove, and wliere now the said
Lewis and Skillings are inhabit. m1." These persons constituted
one family; John and Isaac ^Vak(Jly, were the sons of Thomas,

* [These form part of tlie ])r«\^ent l)ec^n^; farm at Hack Cove.J

,,r;" 1... . ■■.^y^"'/f ^•'^

1/ ./- uf//


and ^NLatliew Coc married liis daughter ; they immediately fet-
tled iipon their pureha^e. The line of eommuuieatiorL Tras
now formed around the Cove, and may he traced as ibllovrs :
beginning with Michael ]\Iitton, whose fifty acres lay upon tlio
northerly side of Ware Creek, which passes up from Back Cove ;
next, his son Xathaniel, fifty acres ; after him hi order. Durham,
fifty acres ; Rider, Ingersoll,and Skillings fifty-five acres each ;
Wakely and company two hundred acres, which extended to
George Lewis's land on Fall Cove ; iiext, George Lewis, fdry
acres ; his son John one hundred acres ; then George Lewis's
first grant of lifty acres on the neck, which from him was called
Lewis' iieck,^and is the point which extends south-easterly, form-
ing the northerly side of the passage into Back Cove. Next to
Lewis's was the grant of two hundred acres to Mosier and Wise
which Wise, in IGoS .sold to Xathaniel Wallis; and last, Rich-
ard Marthi's land reaching to the mouth of Prcsumpscot rivei-.
The settlements then turned up the river and spread to the
falls. At this period. IGoS, -we know of no other persons as oc-
cupants on the Westell border of that river than Martin, Corbiu,
and Phillips. We thus perceive that Back Cove was soon oc-
cupied, the land having been all taken up along the shore as
early as IGGl. The advantages afforded by the marshes in tliO
cove, and creeks formed l»y it, were inducements to the settle-
ment of that part of the town ; the country was a thick forest,
the cattle and the people could be provided for on the inter-
vales and on the margins of rivers, far more easily than in those
remote from the water.

But Cleeves's grants were not confined to that part of tlio
town. On the first of May, 1058, he conveyed to Michael ^lil-
toii ''all that tract of land on the north-east side of Casco river,
to begin at the now dwelling house of said ^^litton, and from
thence down the river to the ijouuds of Richard Tucker, that
is to say to the marked tree at the great point of rocks, and
thence up tlie river by the water side, south-westerly, to the
great standing pine tree, marked this day, and fi'om ]»oth these

i!t io J.J-.iu


marked trees upon a direct line nortli-wetterly or theroabuut^,
home to the Back Cove."' Tlie point of rocks liere mentioned
is the one near Robinson's Wharf, and the tract described iii-
chides tliat part of the town wliich lies between Anne .^trc't
and a line drawn cast of Judge Parris's house ; nearly all the
land is now held under this title, part by some of the Brackett
family, who are descendants of ?^Iirton, and the remainder ])y
conveyances from them, Xathanii-1 ]\Iitton and Thaddeus Clark,
who married a daughter of Mitten. On the 15tli of ^lay, of
the same year, Cleeves sold Hog Island to Thomas Kimball, a
merchant of Charlestown, who sold it in 1603, to Edward Tyng
of Boston, for twenty-five pounds steiding, itnder Avhom it is
now held. On the 26th of h^eptL-mber, 1050, Cleeves sold liis
homestead, including all the land east of Clay Cove, "together
"with all the woods and underwoods and timber trees growing
thereon, and all his house and housing, cornfield and gardens,"
to John Phillips of Boston, and also round marsh at tlie nar-
row of the Xeek ; his wife Joane. executed the conveyance,
and August loth, of the next year, Tucker consented to the
sale as follows : "I Bichard Tucker, do consent to the sale oi'
Mr. George Cleeves, made to iMr. Phillips for the point of land
within expressed, and do also consent that Mr. Phillips shall
go from the cove next to ]\Ir. Cleeves's cornfield right over upon
a strait line to the Back Cove, or bay towards George Lewis's
lot, which is some part of the lands belonging to me, the said
Tucker."'* Pliillips permitted Cleeves and liis wife to improve
the house and corn held during their lives ; the remainder of
the property was immediately occupied by George Munjoy, the
son-in-law of Phillips, who moved from Boston this year, and

1 In 1732, Josiah Wallis testified that he saw the stump of the pine tree men-
tioned as the south-west bound of Mittoa's land, with some of tlie no:c!ies on
it, and the remainder of the tree lying upon the bank. _lle had seen the tree
standing in 1C80. Deposition.— IV/,: R'^jrls.

2 Original manuscript in my pos.sessioD.

1-1 -y-Aivd ^'i'l




erected a framed bouse a few rods east of Cleoves's, whioh be-
came his residence until tlio destruction of tlic settlement in
1676. The eastern part of this tract is held at the present day
under this title hy mesne conveyances from the heirs of Mrs.
Munjoy, the western part she relinquished to tlio govermnent
in 1681.

On the 31st of May, 1660, Clceves conveyed to Hope Allen
of Boston, the upper extremity of the Xeck, by the following
description, "four hundred acres lying togetlicr, being part ui>-
land and part meadow, bounded with a river called Casco river,
south-easterly, with the land of Ann ^ilitton and James Andrew
westerly, and so to run down the river four hundred poles, and
to run into the woods eightscore poles, until the said four hun-
dred acres be fully completed." The deed was acknowledged
before Governor Endicott of Massachusetts, June 8, 1661, and
possession given June 3, 1662,^ Part of this large tract ex-

1 The original deed on parchment is in my p->sses,sion. *

* [The. following words and signatures are fac-simlies from this document.



George Lewis,
his mark.

On the back of this deed is the confirmation of Tucker, attested i)}' Robert
Howard, a Notary Public who lived in Boston, in 1000, and died ICSo, with the
fcignatare of the time honored Recorder of York County, Edward Kishworth,

J \

I - \



tending- from Michael Milton's land to round marsh, is lic-Kl
under this title at the present day ; Hope Allen bequeathed it to
his son Edward, and Ed^Ya^d sold all but fifty acres to Georg:e
Bramhalb Xovember 13, 1G78, who dying seized of it in 1GS9,
it descended to his clilldren, whose descendants conveyed their
title to William Yaughan. Bramhall's hill within the grant
received its name from the first occupant.

The name of Anthony Brackett occurs for the first time in
our history, as a witness of the delivery of possession under
this deed hi lGt32, and the name has ever since been connected
with the aflairs of the town through a numerous posterity, de-
scendants of Anthony and his brother Thomas.

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