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but reserved liberty for Sampson Penley to make lish on said
island during his life, and to have the refusal of the purchase,
if Breme sliould sell. In 10)o8, Penley levied an execution
against Joseph Phippen upon one quarter of the island, half of
the old house and all of the new house, together with half of
the stages ; and in March of next year he sold his whole inter-
est in tlie island to George Munjoy. In November, 1603,
William Xoreman, "resident in Caseo, fisherman," sold to
George Munjoy, quarter of the island and quarter of the house
upon it. Munjoy seems now to have acquired the whole title,
^A'hich was confirmed to his vridow in 1G81, by president Dan-
fortli, and descended to her heirs under whom it is now held.
White, after selling his interest in the i.^land, moved further up
the bay, and we afterward find him in North Yarmouth, then
called Wcstcustogo. Phippen proliably used the island until
dispossessed by Penley; he lived at Purpooduck.* We do not
meet with the name of Noreman after tliis occasion ; he was
probably a transient person. Eichmond's Island, we have be-
fore sufiiciently noticed ; the other islands, the Green, Cow,

* [House Island Las continued to tlie present day to be used as a place for
fisliing stages. The government of the United States purchased the western
part of it in 1S08, erected a wooden block-house upon it, which is now (18G1)
being greatly enlarged and strengthened, and made a formidable fortress.]

to learn or conjecture. It is very clear tliat it could not be derived from tlio
animal of that name, for they did not exist there. I suppose it must be a cor-
ruption of some Indian term having local sense. Is not the word Quuck which
Lcvett applies to one of these islands, the true name, and may it not have reach,
ed its appellation, thus, Quack — Quoag, spolt by Webster Quahuuj, a species of
(jlam — Jlo'j. I cann'^t give a more probable interpretation.]



152 MAINE IIISTOniCAL SOCIETY.

Marsh, Overset, and two small ones called the Brothers, whir])
belong to the !Mac\vorth jiroperly, are of small cxlent, ii.,i
inhabited, and not of suflicient consequence to claim particu-
lar attention.

In IGGo, the court of York, consisting of two commissioners
specially appointed by the general court, and the associates of
the county, passed the following oi'der relative to the islands :
'•AVc, by virtue of a commission to us granted by the general
court of Ma?sarhuset ts, do grant tliat all the islands in Casco
bay lying Y\'ithin the jurisdiction of the government of Massa-
chusetts, and within the limits of the breadth of the lines of
the town of Falmouth, eastward iiito the said bay shall belong
and are herein' ordered to be within the said town and und'jr
the government thereof, and bear town ciiarges in proportion
with other inhaliitants there, saving the propriety of each per-
son in every of the said islands, with Richman's Island."

The extension of the laws ajid jurisdiction of Massachusetts
over this territory had an important influence upon its set-
tlement and prosperity. Hitherto we may presume that no
])ermanent code of laws had been established, the records fur-
nish no indication of the kind ; but temporary ordinances were
framed as they were called for by the wants of the people and
the emergency of the occasion ; and the execution of these must
have been inefficient and fluctuating. But when the laws of
Massachusetts were introduced, sanctioned by her example and
power, and enforced with rigor, security was afforded for the
enjoyment of property and civil privileges. Persons were en-
couraged to migrate to this province from tlie neig-liboring col-
onies, by the prospects which were furnished in the facilities for
fishing, for agriculture and trade. Among those who were
drawn here at that time, was George Munjoy, a man of educa-
tion and enterprise, and who uiiited ^vith these advantaL'-es the
command of a capital, which enabled him to exei'cise an exten-
sive influence over tlic prosperity of the ]ilace. He was the
son of Jf)]in Muiijoy, of Abbot^ham, in the county of l^ovon,



NEW SETTLERS. ITiS

J'^nglaud, vr 'Momnjoy, v.^ the name still exists in that county,
and was Ijorn in ln2''. At the age twenty-one, in li34T, he
was admitted a freeman of Massachusetts, and soon after mar-
ried Mary, the only daughter of John Phillips, deacon of the
first church in Boston, and a respectable merchant; liis eldest
son, John, was horn April IT, IGoo, in Boston, as ATcre also
George in lOoG. and Josiali in I'l.jS ; his other children Avere
Pelatiah, Ileiizehah, married to Mortimore, and Mary, his eld-
est daughter, married to John Palmer; the date of her birth*
we have not ascertained, but it was prol)ably before that of John;
the other two we supj'ose were born in Falmouth. ]SIunjuy
liad vi>ited Falmouth as early as IGoT, as we perceive by his
signature as a v/itness to several deeds, but he did not settle
here until after May, 1659 ; for in an agreement entered into
in that month, he is styled of Boston. His father-in-law, in
Sej)tember, 1659, purchased Clceves's homestead at the lower
end of the Xeck, and erected a house for him upon a part of
the land ; tliis continued to be his residence during his abode
here, although he sultsequently purchased a large tract of land
on the Prc^umpscot, at Ammoncoiigin, and a farm of four hun-
dred acres on the northerly side of Long Creek, both of which
he improved for several years immediately previous to the first
Lidian war. He lived on this farm in part, about four years be-
fore the Indian war. He had a sister Mary who married John
Sanndcrs of Braintree, Mass.

Beside Munjoy, there came, in 1661, the three Wakelys,
Thomas, John, and Isaac, and Matthew Coe, who married a
daughter of Thomas "Wakely. They came from Gloucester,
Cape Ann, and settled at Back Cove on two hundred acres,
jmrcliased of Piichard Tucker, west of Fall lu-ook. Mather,
in his Magnalia, speaking of Thomas Wakely, says, "Xow this
honest old man was one who would often say witli tears, that

* [Savn^je says Mary was Lorn in Falmoulb, and came to Boston for baj;lisin,
July 1), ICGj. .Sava:ze also mentions sons, Pi.iilij), Benjamin, aiiJ Gershoin ; they
d'rj] unniariied. The iiarue i-; extinct except in the hill at I'orthati-l.J

10



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154 MAINE IJISTOUICAL SOCIETY.

he believed God was displeased at him, inasmuch as albeit he
came into Xcw England for the sake of the gospel, 3-eL he hud
left another place in the country where he had enjoyed the gos-
pel in the commttnion of a gathered church, and now lived many
years in a plantation where there was no church at all, n<jr
the ordhiances and institutions of the Lord Jesus Christ/'

John Wakely, the son, afterward settled upon the east side
of Presum|)SCOt river, below the falls ; ]\rattlie\v Coe died Ite-
forc the war, leaving several children, John,' his eldest son;
Isaac; Martha, married to a Farnum of Boston; Elizabeth,
married to a Tucker of Koxbury ; who were both widows in
1731 ; and another daughter, married to Joseph Ingersoll, one
of our early settlers.

Two other persons, one of them of great influence in the
subsequent affairs of the town, came here about this time,
Anthony and Thomas Brackett, They were brothers, and came
from that part of Portsmouth, in Xew Ilamijshire, which is now
called Greenland. "We first meet with Anthony's name in
1GG2, as a witness to the delivery of po^se^sion of the Bram-
hall farm to IIo])e Allen, June ord, of that year; he married
Ann, the daughter of Michael Mitton, and occupied the one
hundred acres granted to her by George Cleeves, at Back Cove.
He subsequently enlarged his farm to four hundred acres, in-
cluding one hundred acres which belonged to Michael Mitton
and his son Xathaniel, Durham's lifty acres, and two lots of
fifty-five acres each, which belonged to Ingersoll and Rider.
His brother Thomas married Mary, another daughter of Michael
Mitton, and occupied the homestead on Clark's Point, having
entered into covenant, in 1G71, to support his mother-in-law-
during her life.

1 JoLii Coe moved to Rliode IsLiiid, Lis son Jolm was a conhvainer in Little
Conjpton in 17;jl, and is undoiilHeilly tlio ancestor of Dr. John Coe, lato of tlds
town.

2 There were at least two distinct families of Brackett early settled in New
England, one in IJoslon, the other in Toi t>rnoiiiJi. liieiiard wns the head of the



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- EARLY SETTLERS. 155

Tliadclous Clarke, wlio married Elizabeth, also a dauglit-.r of
Michael Mitloii, appears for the first time in our records in
1663 ; he was then married but could not long have been, as
his wife at this time was but eighteen years old. The record
referred to is an assignment to him of the deed from ClecTes
to Mitton of the one hundred acres at Clarke's Point ; it is
dated March 1, and is as follows : "These presents witness that
I, Elizabeth Mitton, late wife to Michael Mitton, deceased, in
consideration that Thaddeus Clarke married my daughtor
Elizabeth, I do liy these presents grant, give, and make over all
my right, title, and interest in the lands within mentioned, un-
to the said Thaddeus Clarke, his heirs,^ etc." We do not
know where Clarke originated, or when he came here; the
Eev. Timothy Alden, in his notice of the Tyng family, says
Clarke came from Ireland, but he does not say when, nor does
he give any authority for the statement.

Beside those before mentioned, the following persons appear
to have been inhabitants of the town previous to 1670, viz :
John Cloicc, Robert Elliott, Lawrence Davis, George Felt,
Walter Gendall, John Guy, John and Joseph Ingersoll, Phillip
Lewis, Michael Madiver. Robert Xichols, James Ross, Jolui
Skillings, Ralph Turner, William Whitwell, and Jenkin Will-
iams, of whom Elliott, Davis, Gendall, Guy, Madiver, and
Turner settled upon the south side of Fore river ; Cloice and

1 York Records.

Boston family ; ho was adruitted freeman in 1C3G, moved to Braintree in lG-i2,
and the same year was ordained deacon of the church there. He died in 16S9.
having had seven children, four sons and three daughters. There were others
who did not belong to Richard's family ; the name was common in Boston and
the vicinity in those days, and sustained a respectable standing. The first of
the name we meet with in New Hampshire, is William, who was sent bj- Cart.
John Mason to Piscataqua, in 1031, among ''his stewards and servants." May
2-j, IGIO, Antiiony Brackett, one of the inhabitants of Portsmouth, signed a de-id
of glebe land to the church wardens for a parsonage. This person, I conjecture
to be the fatlier of Antiiony aud Thomas, who came here, and wliose desferji-
ants are widelv scattered over the State.



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'^0 S[)h (Mi:0'* ■•!:• ';'.vl) !•



loG MALXE lUSTORICAL SOCIETY.

Nichols on tlie west side of Preseuiniiscot river: Lewis, Ro^s,
and Skillings at Back Cove; the t\vo Ingersolls near the nar-
row of the Neck, their farms stretching westerly toward Capi-
sic; Whitwell on the Xeek, near Robinson's wharf; and Will-
iams on the cast side of Presumpscot river, near ►^citterygusseL
creek. The father of George Felt was one of the first settlers
of North Yarmouth, having established himself at Broad Cove
about 1G40 ; here he built a stone house, made imp)rovemeuts,
and raised a fomily. His son George was concerned in a hir-e
purchase of the Indians hi 1GT2, of land on the north-easterly
side of the Presumpscot ; he married a daughter of Jane Mac-
worth, and joined the freemen of Falmouth in a petition to the
general court about IGGO. He had a l»rother Moses, lioni in
1650, who lived in North Yarmouth and Falmouth until lilOO,
with the exception of the Indian war, and was living in Chelsea
in 1733, aged eighty-three years. ^

John Cloice or Cloyes was a mariner and probably came
from AYatcrtown, in Massachusetts, with his family ; he was here
in IGGO; his first wife's name was Al>igail, his second Jidiann.
His children by his first wife, born in Watertown, were John,
August 2G, 1G38 ; Peter, May 27, 1G40 ; Nathaniel, March G,
1G42; Abigail, married to Jenkin AVilliams ; >^arah, married to
Peter Housing'; and Thomas, born of the second wife. Tlie

1 George Felt, Senior, was born in ICOl, and was living in ^lalden 1G88. a^^ed
eighty seven ; in a petition to Andross, 1C58, lie stated that about ei-ilUeen years
before be bad bought a plantaiion or farm of John Pliiilips of Boston, at a i>]ace
called Great Cove, in Casco bay, containing about two thousand acres, for v.hich
he paid sixty pound<, that he had occupied it about three years before the pur-
chase; that after the Indian war, it was witliheld from him by Cnsco peni.le,
and he being impoverished could not recovi^r it ; that he was then sullering for
want, being about eighty-seven years old. In 1727, Moses Felt, in a deed to a
committee of North Yarrnoutii of three hundred acres on Broad Cove, recited
that his father; George Fell, bon^^ht said land of John Phillips of Casco b:iy,
and afterward again purchased it of the agent of Sir F. Gorges, ab'tiit the year
lG4o ; that said Felt built a house on this land and lived in it above furiyyears
without molestation until [■]:^i. — Xo,-ih I'armouth Records.

[George Felt, Senior, died at .Maiden, in V.K.]



7. I-;..-*;-.. .-. :■ \






:] r. !•



EARLY SETTLF.U5. 157

uime is not found here ncA'. nov in llio vicinity ; the last per-
son who bore it in town was Thomas, who was killed by the In-
dians in 1600, leaving two sons, Thomas and George, and a
daughter Hannah ; Tiiomas moved to Coston and George to
Salem.

An active, hardy, and enterprising population was fast spread-
ing over the town, clearing up the forest and opening the soil
to the face of day. The children of the first settlers were
coming forward on the stage ; and we find even at this earlv
period, tliat town born children were arriving at the age of
maturity and becoming themselves the heads of families. The
deaths of adult persons as far as Ave have been able to ascertahi,
were few ; Winter and Macworth alone occur previous to 1660:
we liave now to notice in the latter year that of Michael Mitton.
Mitton's last act was his release to Jordan before mentioned,
dated August 25, 1660 ; his widow alone acknowledged the
deed, and October 7, of tlie next year, she alone conveyed
Peak's Island to John Pliilli|)s. We have supposed tliat Mit-
ton came over from England with Cleeves in 1637, for i]; thai
year lie makes his first appearance upon our soil as the grantee
of Peak's Island. The time of his marriage with Clecves's
only child Elizabeth, cannot be precisely ascertained ; tlieir.
daughter Elizabeth was born in 1644, she gave her deposiiioii
in Boston, in 1735, in wliich she testified that she wa^ about
ninety years old : their daugliter Anne was probably the eld-
est; she signed as witness, a deed from her grandfather Cleeves
to her fiither, in 1651. They had five daughters and one sun,
whose names were as follows : Anne, married to Antliony
Brackeit ; Elizabetli, to Tliaddeus Clark ; Mary, to Thomas
Brackctt ; Sarali, to James Andrews ; and ]Martha, to John
Graves, who lived in Kittery first, and subsequently in Liitle
Complon ; last, Xathanid, wlio was never married. Tlie name
is nov,' extinct in this country, luit his blood in the female liiic-
fiows over the Ashole h-tate, and is not confined to it. I^Iitton
is styled in conveyances, Gentlemaii, a title which liad not lost



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158 MAINE HISTOniCAL SOCIETY.

all its meaning in tliat (lay ; in 1G40, he "was a]>pointeu i-v ilvi
first general court in the ]iroYince, constable of Casco, an ollicc
of respectability in our early history. John Jocelyn says of
liim, "The gentleman was a great fowler." Mitton's charac-
ter partook of the licentiousness wliicli prevailed throughout
the province in the first stages of its history ; and one trans-
action which is recorded, must ever leave a perpetual stain
upon his memory. Eichard Martin, an early inhabitant of
Casco, was the father of two daughters, whom, being about to
return to England to arrange his allliirs, he left in the family
of Mitton. During tlieir residence of several months with him
in lG-16, he insinuated himself into the favor of the eldest,
named Mary, whom he seduced. She afterward went to Bos-
ton and was delivered of a bastard child, of which she confessed
Mitton to be the father ; overcome with shame, she endeavored
to conceal her first crime by the commission of a more heinous
one in the murder of her infant. For this she perished upon
the scaftbld, at the early age of twenty-two years in ^Mareh,
1647.1

The want of a regular government east of the I'iscataqua
for many years, encouraged a laxity of morals wliich did not
prevail in any other part of Xew England. We meet upon the
records numerous and frequent complaints of adultery and for-
nication, the parties in which escaped witli a small fine or otlier
slight punishment.-

Thc widow of Mitton, a few years after his death, married a
Harvey, an undistinguished man, who died before her, leaving
Iter a second time a widow ; she died lierself in 1681.

1 Wiuthrop, vol. ii. p. .302.

" Tlie commissioners of tlie king in the Report of their doings liere in 1G65,
speaking of the people east of the Kennebec, say "those people for the rnovt
part are fishermen, and never had any government among them : must of tlieni
are such as have lied from other places to avoid justice. Some here are of
opinion that as many men share in a woman as thr>y do in a boat, and soiue have
done so."



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'■• >'f Ti'>-;(; -(o'l



CHAPTER V

1630 to ltd.



FiP.ST Court ixper Missachisetts— State of KEwaoN- ix the Tovrx— Depvties— CouRii— Pat of
Jl-rtmex—IIiohways— Prison— Afrafiam Preui.e— Oppositiox to Massachl-setts — King's Com-
missioners SCSrE.ND the ALTnORITV OF THAT COLONr— MEMORI.U. FROM CaSCO — ReIUR.N OF THS
COMMISSIOXERS.



The first court held after tlic submission of Falmouth and
Scarborough, of ^vhieh we have any record, was at York, July
4, 1659. ■ Massacliusetts sent two of her magistrates to preside
at this court, who vrere assisted by Major Nicholas Shapleigh.^
Mr. Abraham rreble,'" and Mr. Edward Rishworth,- local magis-
trates. Several actions were entered by and against persons
living in the eastern part of the country, as we Lave before
noticed. George Lewis was appointed constable for Falmouth,
and Henry Jocelyn,^ Robert Jordan, George Cleeves, Francis
Ncale, and Henry Watts, ^ coinmissioners for Falmouth and
Scarborough.

J Of KiUery. ■ '' -'(•!'. '' '' i':" 2 Of York'

- Jocelyn tired at Blaclc Point, and Watts at Blue Point, on the opposite side

of tlie river; Watts was born in 1604, -was in Saco as early as 1631, and was

living in 1G84.

[The following is a fac-himile of the hand-writing and signature of Henry Watte.]

/j.y^'^y^y w^ (pMc^ G^y-^ frlj^



1(J0 MAINK IIISTOIMCAL SOCIETY.

The care of the morals of the people and the promollun ul"
religious instruction among them, early and steadily oeeuiarl
the attention of the government after they acquired a juri.-dic-
tion over the province. They witched however to instruct in
tlieir own way, and to have the people conform to their modes
of thinking and practice on religious i^ubjects. The following
order relative to Falmouth was passed at the first court : ''This
court being informed that the inliabitants of Falmouth are at
present destitute of any public means for their ediliealion on
the Lord's Day, and by reason of the people not meeting to-
gether for their mutual lurtherance in the ways of God, great
advantage is given unto the common enemy, joining with the
corruption of such as have no delight to sanctify God's holy
rest, the neglect whereof being an inlet to all prolaneness, and
cannot but be provoking to the jealousy of him who is the
fountain of our peace and welfare : for the prevention whereof
these are therefore to require all the inhabitants of tlie said
place from time to time in one or mure convenient ]»lace or
places to meet together on the Lord's Day, for their nnitual
edification and furtherance in the knowledge and fear of the
Lord, by reading of God's word and of the labors of known
and orthodox divines, singing of psalms, and praying together,
or such other ways as the Lord shall enable them, till the fiivor
of God shall so far smile upon them as to give tliem better and
more public means for their edification."'

It appears by a petition of the inhabitants to the general
court, which we have before noticed, that in the ^lay following
the date of this order, they had a ]:)reacher among them ; they
say, "God l)egun to answer our prayers and send us a faithful
dispenser of the word," which, they add, they hoped to enjoy, if
"their destractions doe not discourage him." He was probably
with them hi 1G61, for the general court in that year, lequire
Saco, Scarliorough, and Wells to procure able and orthodox
ministers in six: months time, Init say nothing of Falniouib.
This, without doubt, is the only preacher they had Ijeen favored



'/ ::. ,^|






STATE OF RELIGION. IGl

Avith, l)eb;ide tho<Q of the Ej)iscopaIian order, Gibson and Jor-
dan ; l)ut it appears that he did not stay long among them, for
in July. 1GG9, the court order Falniouih and Searlioroimli boih,
* 'forthwith to seek out and provide themselves of an able and
orthodox preacher to be their minister : and in case of neglect
to supply themselves by the 20t]i day of September next, tliey
shall each pay unto the minisuy of the next town adjoining to
theirs that is supplied, fifty poitnds })er anntim, during their
being destitute." ■

Falmouth probably obeyed the above order, as next year
Scarboro alone is presented for not complying with it. But
Avho the preacher was on either of tliese occasions, no record
furnishes us with the slightest intimation.' A majoi'ity of the
inhabitants consisted of emigrants from the !Massachuserts and
Plymouth colonics, and were therefore favorable to the puritan
form of worship ; the government used their utmost exertions
to discourage every other sect. Although a few of the old set-
tlers retained their original princijiles, the religion of the state
enforced by the laws, became from this time the predominant
religion of the province. The government of Massachusetts
was certainly influenced by a sincere desire to reform tlie mor-
als of the people, and to preserve purity of worship ; they earn-
estly desired that all the ordinances of religion should l)e strictly
observed, but it may well be dotiljted whetlier by their over
rigid discipline and exclusive zeal, they did not do injustice to
their liberal professions and to the cause Avhich they were
earnest to promote. The following injunction against Jordan
adopted l.iy the general court in October, IGGO, does not seem

1 Thomas Jenner, who Mas preaching in Sacu in 1641, mentions in a letter to
Gov. Winthrop, found in Hutchinson's collections, dated April IGth of that yenr
that he had been solicited by the inhabitants of Casco to help them [to a godly
minister. It does not appear that any was furnished. [The next notice of any
minister being iu this region, is from the complaint of Jordan and Jocelyn to
the court in 10.39, of Rev. John Thorpe for 'i.roaching uns;)und doctrine." lie
was silenced by the genera! court.]



1C>:2 MAINE )nSTOi:iCAL socikty.

to aim at any coiniption or inniiorality, but only at tlic fcvv.i
under wliich the ordinance was administered : ""Whereas it
appears to this court by several testimonies of good repuic. that
Mr. Robert Jordan did, in July last, after exercises ^vere ended
on the Lord's Day. in the house of Mrs. Macworth, in the town
of Falmouth, then and there bajitise three children of Xatlfl
"Wallis, of the same town, to the oltcnce of the government of
this Commonwealth, this court judgcth it necessary to bear
witness against such irregular practices, do therefore order that
the secretary, by letter in the name of this court, require him
to desist from any such practices for the future, and also that
he appear before the next general court to answer what shall
be laid against him for what he hath done for the time past."^

Among the complaints against Massachusetts, made to the



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