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Boston. Of that person, Winthrop says, he was a decayed
merchant of Plymouth, England, that his father had been
Mayor of that city, and that having occasion after coming to
Casco with his two daughters to return to settle some affairs,
he left his daughters in Mitton's care. There is no improba-
bility in supposing these persons to be the same individual ; we
fmd no other of the ]iame of Martin in the early transactions
of the place. The circumstance that there were two daugh-
ters in this family corroborates the conjecture ; Mary was exe-
cuted at the age of twenty-two, and Lydia married Robert
Corbin. Martin's will bears date January 11, 1673, and was
approved by the coui-t which sat at Wells the April following.
He appointed his wife executrix. He bequeathed to Joseph
Atwell six pounds, to be paid in goods "so far forth as his father

* [The name Purpooduck is still applied to the point and the shore lying west
of it. Dr Chute who resided sometime with the Delawares, procured definitions
from them, among wliicli was Purpooduck, which they said meant a place often
fro/.iMi over. On the contrary Mr. Ballard suggests that it may be derived or
changed from the Micmac word Pulpooduck, which means a ''Burial Place."
The remains of an old burying-ground may still be seen a little distance from
Fort Preble near v.hich stood a log meeting house, in which Parson Smith occa-
hiunly preached.]

t[Mavy, wife of Richard Martin, died in Boston, November 25, 16-39. B'js'.on
' Winthrop, vul. ii. p. 302.

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juay not defraud liim of il.'' After his wife's decease liis es-
tate was to be divided equally Ijetweeu Benjamin AtwcU and
Lydia, wife of Robert Corbin. Tiie property was inventoried
at two hundred and six pounds thirteen shillings ten pence.

Benjamin At well, l>eibre mentioned, was the son of Mrs.
Martin by her first husband, and Joseph was his son. Tli-j
manner in which the above bequest is made to Joseph, corrobo-
rated by other circumstances, leaves an unfiivorable impres-
sion of Benjamin Atwell's character. Joseph was then but
two years old; in lGS-3, the court appointed a guardian for
him ; and he is mentioned in the record as being "heir to the
estates of Benjamin Alwell his father, Robert Corbin his uncle,
and Richard Martin his grandfather. December 10, 1673,
Dorotliy 3Iartin conveyed to lier son-indaw, Roljcj-t Corbin,
*'all her goods, chattels, leases, debts, money," etc., on condi-
tion of being supported during life.

About this time died Nathaniel AVharff, the husband of Re-
becca, eldest daughter of Arthur Macworth ; the widov/ took
letters of administration on the estate in 1i)T-j ; the amount
of which b)' the inventory was one hundred and ninety-three
pounds eighteen shillings and six pence. The first notice we
have of Mr. AVharff, is a recognition in a deed from Mrs
Macworth to him of March 28, 16.5S. It appears that he was
then married, and that he afterward lived u}ion the land at tliat
time received from his mother-in-law. In IGoO, he conveyed
the same tract to his brother-in-law, Francis Xeale, and de-
scribed it as the tract occupied by him. "We have no notice of
any children but Xathaniel, Avho was born in 1002, and was
living in Gloucester, Cape Ann, in IT^j-i. The widow after-
ward married William Rogers, and left two daughters, the
eldest Elece (Alice) married Uenry Crown of Boston, and the
?^econd, Rebecca, married first Jos<'ph Trickey of Kittery, and

afterward Downing; she was aeain a widow and living in

Kittery in 17-]2. The family of "Wharff in New Gloucester,
the only one that we know of in lliis vicinity, came from


OM Gloucester, and is undoubtedly descended from the llr.-r
Xatlianiel. and continues to preserve a portion of the ]\Iae\vort]i
blood, although the name has long been extinct. [The elde^r
son of Nathaniel and Rebecca Whartf was eleven years old
when his father died. In 1G81, he married Ann, a daughter
of Thomas Riggs of Gloucester, by whom he had thirteen
children. Nathaniel, his eldest son, born 1685, married Han-
nah Stevens in 1715, and had sons, Tliomas and Isaac ; Thomas
married Dorcas Lane, 1788, and Tiad six sons and two daugh-
ters,' His son Tliomas, settled in New Gloucester, and died
there in 18o5, aged eighty-seven, leaving issue ; among them
was Thomas, who died February IS, 1804, at the age of ninety-

George Bartlett, of Spurwink, died about this time ; an in-
ventory of his estate, amounting to seventy pounds eight shil-
lings and six pence, was returned by Ambrose Boaden and Ilouy
Williams, February 11, 1074. He had a daughter Elizabeth
married to Nicholas Baker, of Marblehead.

About the same time died John Mills, of Scarboroudi ; lie
left two sons, John and James, and other children who claimed
his estate at Black Point, which the father had occupied thiriy
years. John subsequently lived in Boston, and James in Sand-
wich. John married Joana, widow of Elias Oakman, of Black
Point, and daughter of Andrew Alger.

' Labsou's lli^torv of Gloucester.


Tete first I.vdiax War— IxHiBinNTS or Falmouth. 1675— D.-siRrcTiox of the Town- in- 16T6— FrR-


— Robert Joedax's death- Brackett- Xames of Inhabitants in Casco Bat.

In tlie beginning of the year 1675, the prosperity of the town
stood at a high point ; popnhition had been steadily increasing
in every part, and its various resources were rapidly developing.
Mills had been established at Capisic and on the lower falls of
Presumpscot river, and the borders of both rivers were occu-
pied by an active and enterprising people. But their opening
prospects were destined soon to be changed, and their hopes
crushed. In June of this year Phillip's war commenced in
Plymouth colony. The Engli'^h on the Kennebec river re-
ceived the first information of the movements of the Indians
about Mount Hope, the seat of Phillip, their chief Sachem, July
11. They immediately met together to concert measures to
discover the feelings of the Indians in their neighborhood, and
to disarm them if it became necessary. In consequence of ex-
ertions for that purpose, a number were induced to deliver up
their arms and ammunition. In this attempt some collisions
took place ; the fear and the jealousy of the Indians were
aroused, and they began to suspect that it was the object of
the English to deprive them of the means of obtaining subsist-
ence, and by degrees to drive them irom the soil. The out-
breaking in the east is to be attributed to such jealousies and

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Collisions, rather tliaii to any supposed connection between
them and tlie Indians of the west.

Wlien mutual suspicion and recrimination were once excited,
it were futile to imagine that the Indians would respect their
enpragemcnts, the recollection of former kindness, or the dic-
tates of humanity and justice ; and consequently open hostil-
ities became the signal of extermination. They first began by
gratifying their revenge, but they ended by an indiscriminate
e-laughter of those from whom they had received favor as well
as of those who had done them hijury.

In the beginning of September, about twenty Indians attacked
the house of Thomas Purchase, an ancient settler in Pegyp-
scot, now Brunswick, and robbed it of liquor, ammunition, etc.,
but did no injury to the females who were, fortunately, the
oaly occupants at the time. When complained of for this
depredation, they attempted to justify themselves on the ground
that Purchase had injured them in their trading.

Soon after this affair, a party of twenty-live Englishmen went
out to gather corn at the northern end of Casco bay, and at the
same time to reconnoitre the enemy. They discovered three
Indians in the neighborhood of some houses a short distance
from the water, and in attempting to intercept their retreat,
tliey killed one and wounded another; the third escaped, and
rallying his friends, attacked the English, wounded severaL
and drove them to their vessel, with the loss of two boats laden
with the corn which they had gathered. This was the first
blood shed on either side in this vicinity : it was however the
opening of a vein, to use a metaphor of Cotton Mather, which
was made to flow freely for many months after.

The English having exposed themselves to censure by this
imprudent attack without a sufficient justification, removed at
once all restraint from the Indians. They had seen the blood
of their companions causelessly spilt, and they now sought
opportunities of revenge. These were not wanting along an
extensive and entirely unprotected frontier. In every planta-

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tioti tlie houses were scaltere.d over a largo territory, and t"he
only defensive preparations Avere an oceasional private garri-
son, which, in cases of suddeii emorgency, afforded tlie iicigii-
boring inhabitants a tem]»orary refuge. Tlie able-bodied men
in each town formed a train-liand ; but they lived so widely
apart, and there Avere so many points to guard, that they could
offer but little protection against the desultory and rapid attacks
of their subtle enemy.

The first visitation of their vengeance was upon the family
of Thomas Wakely of Falmouth, about a week after the alfray
before mentioned. This unsuspecting family composed of
Thomas Wakely and his wife, his eldest son, John, his wife,
who was far advanced in pregnancy, and their four children.
They killed the old man and his wife, his son John and wife,
with three of their children, in a cruel manner, and carried
one daughter, Elizabeth, about eleven years old, into captivity.
Next day Lt. George IngersoU, who had perceived the smoke,
repaired to the place with a file of soldiers to learn the cause.
He found the body of John's wife and tlie three children with
their brains beaten out lying under soma planks, and the half
consumed bodies of the old man and his wife near the smoul-
dering ruins of the house.

•Why this family was selected for a sacrifice we have no
means of determining ; the Indians committed no further vio-
lence, but immediately withdrew to a distant place. The
daughter Elizabeth was some months after carried by Squando,
the Saco Sachem, to Major Waldron at Dover, where she sub-
sequently married Richard Scamman, a quaker. The Wake-
lys came from Cape Ann, and had originally settled in IGGl,
at Back Cove, o*n the west side of Fall Brouk, where a son-in-
law, Matthew Coe, died. The eldest son, John, had removed
to the east side of Presumpscot river several years before the
melancholy event which terminated his life; his farm was
about threc-rpiarters of a mile below the falls, and between the
farms of llumjihiey Durham and Jenkin Williams; his liouse

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front<;<l [Ib^ river *-and sluod within about a guii shot ul' ^a;,!
I»url!:i;jr.s hou:^e."' His lather and mother from their advui.ij.M!
S'jo had ])robabl7 taken up their residence with their eide.-.i
ji-»n, or luid gone there at this time in consequence oi" the ';ryM-
enil alarm. He is spoken of by ^Mather as a worthy old man,
"who came into Xew Enghmd for the sake of the g'os})el,"'" and long repented moving into tliis part of the country so far
out of the way of it.

The inliabitants in tlie immediate vicinity liad probably drawn
ori'at this time to a more secure place, as it appears that luger-
5oll v.-ho lived at Capisic was the first to visit the scene, drawn
there by discovering the smoke.

The enemy next made an attack upon Saco, where they
burnt the liouse of Capt. Bonython and the mills of ^lajor
riiillips, with the house of one uf his tenants. They were pre-
vented doing further mischief at that time, by the resolute
manner in which the Major defended his garrison. His force
consisted of but ten able-bodied men, while the Indians num-
I'ered from sixty to one hundred. They went from Saco to
lUuG Point, where they killed several persons, one of wliom
■v^'as Robert Nichols, and returning to Saco they committed
further depredations. They then moved westward markii-.g
their way by blood and rapine. They afterward, in October,
returned to this Jieighlioriiood, kilh-d Arthur and Andrew
Alger, in Scarborough, vriih several others, and burnt seven
houses there. ^

' llallom's def)0.sition.

2Tlic Algei-s or Au:Tur.s early settled in Scarborough, where they purcha^od of
Hie Indians a tract of one thousand acres about lf',r,l. To this they eave the
fame of Dunston, from thf town in England where they orisinated (Boden s
J^position). Tlie town referred to was probably Dunster or Uiinstorre. in Soin-
^Tsei^hire. Arthur, in the division of tlie estate, t<Kjk the nortiiern part.' wlii'li
was the highest En^dish settlement in this region; it was s-parated from hi.-,
'•rother's by a creek or- brook ; he di^d witJiout issue. Andrew had six children;
three sons, Joiin, Andrew, and .Afathew ; and three diu::hter?, Eiizabeth married
lo.lohri P.ilmr.r .Joanna married fir^t Eliu^ Oakmrm. and second John stills, who


Falmoutli about the same lime was again visited, and a son
of George Ingersoll and another man, as they were fowling,
were both killed. The Indians also burnt Lt. Ingersoll's house
and others in tliat neigh1)orhood, whose owners are not men-
tioned. The number of houses burnt cannot be ascertained ;
the last attack was probably confined to the vicinity of Capisic,
and we have no notice of any houses having been burnt but
Wakely's, those at Capisic, and Robert Jordan's at Spurwink.
They were generally spared it may be conjectured this year,
as we find the inhabitants still lingering among them and be-
coming the victims of more severe calamity the ensuing year.
At what time the attack was made on Spurwink, we no where
find an account ; but Mr. Jordan had barely time to escape
from his dwelling house, when it was destroyed with all its
contents; Ambrose Boaden, Sen., was probably killed at the
same time ; administration was granted on his estate the next
July ; he lived on the west side of the river opposite Jordan's
house. Jordan moved to Great Island, now Newcastle in
Piscataqua river. It is estimated that from tlie beginning of
August to the end of Xovember, 1675, there were killed in the
province about fifty English and over ninety Indians.

In November the goverimient of Massachusetts made prepa-
rations to carry the war into the enemy's country, and a force

dwell in Boston, wliere she died,, and tlio third married Jolm Austin. John, sou
of Andrew, had several daughters, one of whom. Elizabetli. married Jolm M'illi-
ken, first of Boston, then of Scarborough, housewright. Alter the two brother'?
were killed, and their hou-ses. barns, and crops destroyed, the family moved to
Boston. Andrew, Jr.. was master of a ve.ssel and was kill'.'d in Falmouth in IC&O,
leaving one daughter, wife of Matthew Collins. Matthew was master of one
of the transi>orts in Sir WiUiana Phipp's expedition to Canada, and died of the
■fleet fever soon afier his return; he was the la,st surviving male of that race,
and the name in this branch is extinct in this country. The widow of the first
Andrew married Samuel Wallier. Several of Andrew's children were married
and settled near liim before his death; first Juhii, then Palmer; the others fol-
lowed fronting the marsh in the neighborhood of Dr. Soutligate's house, whose
farm is jiart of tlie Alszer f-tate.


;v;is organized to attack the remote settlements at Ossipee
r.ud Pequawkett Avitli a view of disabling them from rene'.vhig
llieir depredations in the spring. But the winter closed in so
early and severely, that it was impossiljle to make any progress
through the forest, and the enterprise "was abandoned. By tlie
10th of December the snow was four feet deep in the woods,
and was accompanied by such extreme cold weather that the
Indians were driven by their sulTe rings to sue for peace. For
this purpose a body of them repaired to Major Waldi-on at
Dover, and terms were mutually agreed upon for tlie suspension
of hostilities and for a permanent peace. But the encourage-
ment afforded to the people by this treaty was of short duration,
and the next summer the dreadful tragedy was renewed with
more violence and greater loss of property and life than during
the previous season.

The Indians engaged in these expeditions were from the Saco
and Androscoggin tribes, joined with the wandering sons of the
forest who inhabited the intermediate territory, and acknowl-
edged subjection to neither of those more considerable tribes.
The Sacoes were under the command of Squando, one of the
most artful and daring leaders in the war. The Androscoggin
tribe was under the guidance of Eobinhood, a very prominent
Sagamore. The Penobscots were sul^sequently engaged in the
war, and, under the direction of Madockawando and Mugg,
performed their full share in the work of desolation and deatli
which were dealt out so freely to this devoted province.

At the commencement of the year 1675, there were rising
forty families in town, which were distributed in the different
sections as follows: On the east side of Presumpscot river,
•Barnes Andrews, Humphrey Durham, George Felt, Jane Mac-
worth, Francis Xeale, Richard Pike, John Wakely, Jenkin
^^ illiams, and we may add PLcbecca ^MiartT, wlio had recently
l<-»>t her husband. On the west side of the river, were Benja-
-'liiii Atwcll, John Cloice, >Sen., Robert Corbin, Peter Housing,
''"bi'rt Nicholson, John Nicholson, and John Phillips. .\ round

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Back Covo. Anthony Brackert, Goorgo Lewis, John Lewis, Philin
Lewis, Phineas Ryder, James Ross, Thomas ::^kiHings, Xailiaa-
iel Wallis, Thomas Wakely, and ^Litthew Coe's family. At
.Capisic. Thomas Cloiee, (leoi'ge, George, Jr., John, and Joseph
Ligersoll, and Richard Powsland. On the Xeck, Thomas
Brackett, Thaddeus Clark, George ^lunjoy, and Jolm Munjoy;
Elizabeth Harvey at this time was a member of Thomas Brack-
ett's family. On the south side of Fore river, Lawrence Davis,
probably Isaac Davis, Joel Madiver, Sampson Penley, Jose])h
Phipl^en, John Skillings, Thomas and Robert .^taniford, Ralph
Turner, and John Wallis. At S[uirwink, "Walter Gendall,
Robert Jordan, and probably John Guy, a faithful vassal of
Jordan. We cannot fix with certainty the location of several
persojis whose names follow, Xathaniel and John Cloiee, Jr.,
Henry Ilarwood, a shoemaker ; we are not certain that he lived
liere in 1675, but circumstances favor the conjecture ; John.
Rider probaldy lived at Back Cove. We have also some doubt
whether Josiah and Xathaniel White, who lived at Purpooduck,
came until after the war. With respect to George Burroughs,
for a number of years minister of this place, we a\ ere for a
long time undetermined upon the question, whether he had
settled here before the destruction of the town or not ; but the
discovery of additional evidence has satisfied us that he must
have preached in town before that event. The following rec-
ord would seem to determine the question : '-At a general meet-
ing of the inhabitants of the town of Falmoutli htdd the 20th
of June, IG^o. Whereas there was formerly given to Mr.
George Burroughs, minister, a ];arcel of land, judged to be
about two hundred acres, and we being driven off by the In-
dians for a time, and in time reinhabiting ; therefore for to
give ])eople incouragement to come and settle down among us
in a body, \vc took part of said Burroiighs' land formerly given
him by tlie j.eople of Falmouth for the end before exprest."
This two hundred acres was on the Xeck, cast of Robinson's
Point, jiart of which was taken up on the res'-ttlem^'nt in l'J8U

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I'V tlio iaiuiltitaiits. It sccins evident from the pliraseo]n;,ry
c'f the iiiFtnimcnt that the grant was made previous to the
j^eopie Iiaving been driven otf by the enemy, and unless Bur-
roughs had been a settler before that event, there would have
been no propriety in saying that a part of his two hundred
acres liad been taken for the encouragment of new settlers.^
•Burroughs was graduated at Harvard College in 1670, and
j)robably commenced his ministry here about 1671, and lived
\ipon the Neck; but no church was then gathered.

After the war broke out in September, and probably not
until after the destruction of the AVakely family and the slaugh-
tisr of young Ingersoll, many of the inhabitants sought refuge
iu more settled and secure parts of the country. The Jordan
family went to the Piscataqua, James Andrews and his motlier
!^^acworth went to Boston, and John Phillips to Kittcry. But
the greatc^t numl^er fled to Salem, where, January 11, 1076,
by a vote of the tovrn, they were "admitted with their families,"
'•inhabitants during the time of the Indian wars, according to
law." These persons were George Ingersoll, George Ingersoll,
Jr., John Skillings, Goodman Standford, John TVallis, Francis
Neale, and Jenkin Williams, besides a number from Saco and
other towns in the province, to the number of twenty-one. The
record in relation to their admission in Salem is as follows r
"These persons above named, being driven from their habita-
tions by the barbarous heathen, are admitted as inhabitants
into the town, they most of them informing they have provi-
sion for themselves and families one year."

By this withdrawal from the scene of action of so many in-
habitants, the victims of the tomahawk were considerably

' This conjecture has been rendered still more satisfactorj- and conchisive by a
letter from B. Pendleton, of Saco, August 13, 167G, which -will be found in a note
iri a subsequent part of this chapter, llii.s speaks of '-a brief letter written from
U'lder the hand of Mr. Burras, the minister," from the island in Casco, to which
Ibe inhabitants of the town fled. See p. 221.

■^ From Salem town records, by the favor of William Gibbs, Esq.


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reduced, but still enough were left to keep the kiiiA; of the
sacrifice deeply tinged.

In the summer of 167G, the war was renewed, and all the
tribes from the Piscataqua to the Penobscot were engaged in it.
Several causes have been assigned for the outbreaking at this
time; one was the death of a child of Squando, supposed to
have been occasioned by the folly of some English seamen ; '
another was that some Cape Sable Indians were enticed away
by a few Englishmen and sold for slaves. Another still, was
a general complaint among all the tribes, that the English
were prohibited selling ammunition to the natives, without
which they could not live. Xone of these causes is sufficient
in itself to account for such a universal rising as occurred at
this time. Some of the Narragansett Indians having been.
driven from their own retreat, had fled eastward, and probably
brought with them all the feelings of hostile ])artisans, slmni-
lated by revenge, and smarting under the loss of property,
country, and friends. It is probable that these wanderers had
promoted a spirit of hostility among the Indians here. And
when they looked back upon the successes of the previous year,
the ease, and almost entire freedom from danger, with which
they spread desolation over the country, they were probably
ready to seize slight pretexts to break their engagements and
renew scenes so congenial to their minds.

The bloody tragedy was commenced on the 11th of August,
at the house of Anthony Brackett, in Falmouth. The leader
in this enterprise was Simon, who had not long before escaped
from Dover prison, where he had been conllned for his former
murders, and found his way here by a counterfeit pass. lie
liad made himself familiar with Brackett and insinuated him-
self into his confidence. On the 9th of August, some neigh-

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