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boring Indians had killed one of Brackett's cows, and Simon
promised that lie would bring tlic offenders to liim. Very
early on the morning of the lltli, he returned with a party of
his comrades and told him, they were the Indians wlio had



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THE FIRST INDIAN WAR. 219

killod his cou' ; this party immediately went into the house and
tO'ik all (lie gams they could find. When Braekett asked ihe
meaning of this, Simon replied that '-so it must be," and gave
him his choice to serve them or be killed. Braekett of course
jtreferred the former alternative, and was bound with his wife
and a negro servant and carried away with their five children.
Nathaniel Mitton,' brother of Braekett's wife, who was then
there, oflering some resistance, was killed upon the spot.

Braekett lived upon the large farm at Back Cove now (1831)
ovntcd in part by Mr. Deering, and his house was on the ridgo
a short distance from the mansion occupied by that gentleman,
now, 18G4, by a portion of his children! From Braekett's they
passed round the cove to Presumpscott river, where they killed
Robert Corbin, Humphrey Durham, and Benjamin Atwell,
who were making hay on Corbin's farm. The women and
children in one of the neighboring houses hearing the alarm
escaped in a canoe. Corbin's wife with the wife of one of the
otliers, and the children of the third, were taken captive, as
was also James Ross, the constable of the town, with his wife
and children. They proceeded to other houses in the vicinity,
where they killed some of the inhabitants and made prisoners
of others ; their names are not mentioned. Atwell and Corbin
were brothers-in-law, and lived on adjoining farms ; Dur-
ham lived on the other side of the river. The alarm was
immediately communicated to another part of the town by
''one Pike,"- who, with another man, was in his boat on the
I'ivcr a little above Corbin's house. When they heard the re-
port of the guns they suspected some mischief, and immedi-
ately turned ijack ; they soon saw an English boy running
toward the river in great haste, and a volley of shot was fired
which passed over their heads. Simon presently appeared and
failed to them to come ashore, ''but they liked not his curtesy,"

' He was the only son of Micl'.ar^l Milton, ami died without i<-:sue.
"llicliarrl Pike lived on t!ie v.c.t side of Mu?cle Cove ; he had a son Sataiiel.
A Cajiiain Pike coiuiaamied a coaner between Boston and Falmouth in 1CS8.



220 MAINE HISTORICAL SOCIETY.

and passing down the river Avitli all speed, when they came
near to their own house they ''called to the people to make
haste away toward the garrison-house, and bid the rest look
to themselves and lire upon the Indians that were coming
against them."

These Indians, or some of their party, went over upon the
Neck, where they shot John Munjoy, the eldest son of George,
and Isaac Wakely, probably a son of Thomas. Three men
who were going to reap at Anthony Brackctt's, having heard
from Munjoy and Wakely of the transaction there, left them to
return, when liearing the guns, they turned toward Thomas
Brackett's, who lived near Clark's Point, where they had
left their canoe, having probably crossed over from Purpooduck.
Here they saw Thomas Brackett shot down, and his Avife and
children taken ; they then made their escape to Munjoy's gar
rison at the lower end of the Neck, which had become a jjlace
of refuge. Megunnaway, "a notorious rogue," who had been
engaged with the Indians in Massachusetts, in 1G75, was one
of the murderers of Thomas Brackett, and probably instigated
them to the bloody deeds of that day.

The persons who had found an asylum in Munjoy's garrison,
not willing to trust the security of the place, fled the same day
to "James Andrews' Island,"^ which lies at the mouth of the
harbor. From this place Mr. Burroughs immediately wrote to
Henry Jocelyn, of Black Point, for succor. After they had
secured themselves upon the island, they recollected that a
quantity of powder had been left in one or two places in town,
wliich tliey were desirous of obtaining, as well for their own
protection as to keep it from the hands of the enemy. They
resolved therefore to take measures in the night to recover it.
They succeeded in the attempt, and brought away a barrel
from the house of Mr. Wallis,- and a considerable quantity

' Now Bangs' Island.

2 It is not said wlilcli Wallis; Natliaiiiel lived at Back Cove, and Jolm at Pur-
poodiK'k. •



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THE FIR>T INDIAN WAR. 221

from a cliest in a store-house ; tlic Indians bad ransack-.^d
tho chest, but had overlooked the powder.

Next day George Lewis, who had remained in his house wiili
his wife, witliout interruption, got safe to the ishmd, together
\vitli two men who liad been sent by the inhabitants some days
previous to Major Waldroii of Dover, to comphiin of Simon,
against whom suspicion had begun to be aroused. Georgo
Felt also, who lived near Muscle Cove, having seen the smoke
which arose from the burning houses and barns''here, had sus-
picions of the cause, and took his wife and children in a boat
to ascertain the truth ; but when he came to a point of land,
probably at the mouth of Presumpscot river, he saw a quantity
of his neighbors' goods lying there, wliicli warned him of his
danger, and he sought safety upon the island with the other
iidiabitants.

In this attack upon the town, Hubbard says there were thir-
ty-four persons killed and carried into captivity. The names
of those who were killed. as far as we can ascertain, were Ben-
jamin At well, Thomas Brackett, Robert Corbin, Humphrey
Durham, Nathaniel ]\Iitton, John Munjoy, and Isaac Wakely ;
the prisoners were Anthony Brackett, his wife, five children, and
a negro servant, Thomas Brackett's wife and three children,
Corbin's wife, the wife of Atwell or Durham, and the children of
the other, and James Ross, with his wife and children, making
seventeen prisoners, exclusive of the unknown number of chil-
dren in the families of Ross and of Atwell or Durham. Others •
were killed and captured whose names are not mentioned. All
upon the Xeck probably escaped by the timely notice they had
received, except ]\Iunjoy, TTakely, and the Brackett family. Xo
mention is made of any lives having been lost at this time on the
^"outh sida of Casco river ; they were undoubtedly admonished
of ilioir danger, Ijy the burning dwellings of their neighbors, in
season to save their lives if not their property.^

' 'I'in' !olluuiij:i lu!!er wiiitou bv Biian I'.iuaicU'U, of Saco, iwo days u!ter the



.1' ' i . ':0'i-:in\ : ■









"22 MAINE IIlSTOinCAL SOCIETY.

To "wliat extent the buildings \rere destroyed, we have no
means of ascertaining. It seems that the houses of Lewis and
WaUis were not burned the first day, as one was visited in the

transaction, ^vith wliich I have been favored tlirough Jolm Farmer, Esq., who has
the original in )iis possession, will be read with interest in this connection. It is
superscribed '-flbr the Honored Governor and Counsell for the Matacusets at Bos-
ton, With all speed."' "Honored Governor together with the Counsel].''

"I am sorry my pen must bee the messenger of soe greate a tragedye. On the 11
of this instant wee heard of many killed of our naybors in Falmouth or Casco bay,
and on the 12 instant Mr. Joslin sent mee a briefe letter written from under the
band of Mr. Burras, the minister. Hce gives an account of thirty-two killed and
carried away by the Indians. Himself* escaped to an island — but I hoi)e Black
Point men have fetched him off by this time — ten men, six women, sixteen clildren.
Anthonyf and Tliomas Brackett and ^Ir. Munjoy his sonne onely are named. I
had not time to coppye the letter, persons bcinge to goe post to Mnjor Walden ;
but I hope he hath before this sent the original! to you, How soon it will be
our portion wee know not. The Lord in mercy tit us for death and direckt ye
harts and hands to ackt and doe wt is most needful in such a time of distress as
this. Thus in hast I commit you to'Gidance of our Lord God and desire your
prayers alsoe for us.

Yours in all humility to serve in the Lord

Winter Harbour at nisht i Brian Pe.miletcx."

the 13 of August 1676" ]

On the 20th of August, George Munjoy was sent to Falmouth from Boston,
■with 'fifteen hundred pounds of bread, for the relief of persons there. In their in-
structions to Mr. Munjoy the government say, '-Considering the distress the
soldiers may be put into for want of their provisions as also the distress of the
people on Mr. Andrews' Island, you are hereby required forthwith to dispatch
said vessel away without delay and deliver the said bread according to the order
from Mr. Eishworth for the ends aforesaid and for the speedy relief of those
on the island, the charge whereof is to be borne by that county." by order of
Council.

Munjoy rendered this service, but not receiving compensation from the ex-
pected source, lie petitioned the General Court for allowance in Octob'_'r, 1979.

The following letter from] Richard Martyn of Port~smouth, to Gen. Dennison,
contains interesting information relative to this period.
'•Honored Sir,

This .serves to cover a letter from Capt. Hathorn from Casco Bay, in which you

*I5urrntif;h?.

t His .information vrit)i rejpect to AHhouy Bracket 1>m - not C'.>rrt:'jt as we have ij',->;ii; the l-sUi,c
■\ras no doubt vritten before Idi fate wae aiscertaine:!.



THE FIRST INDIAN WAR. 223

jiii'ht ainl the other continued to be occupied until tlie next
day, .IIul)hard mentions generally that the houses of those
killed and taken prisoners were burned, we therefore conclude
tliat those of the two Bracketts, Corbin, Atwell, Ross, and Dur-
ham at least, were destroyed. The houses no doubt, like most
of those of the first settlers in every new country, were of
very ordinary description, probably one story with thatched
roofs and wooden chimneys, many of them mere temporary
shelters built of logs filled in with clay.

The Indians proceeded with their captives from Falmouth
to the Kennebec river. On the 14th of August the war begun

will uiiderstand their want of bread, which want I hope is well supplied before
tills time ; for we sent them more than two tliousaud waight ; which I suppose
they had last Lord's day night : the boat that brought the letters brings also
word yt Saturday^night the Indians burnt Mr. Munjoy's house and seven persons
in it, yt is his house at ye fishing Island. The Sagamore of Pegwackuk is taken
and kil'd and one In. Sampson Ijy our array ; but the enemy is doing mischiefe
apace. On Sabbath day a man and his Avife namely one Gouge were shot dead
and stript by ye Indians at Wells. Yesterday at 2 of the clocke Cape Nedick was
wholly cut off only two men and a woman with two or three children escaped,
so yt we expect now to hear of farther mischiefe every day. They send to us
for helpe both Wells and Yorke but we had so many men out of our town yt v.-e
know not how to spare any more. Your speciall speedy order for the impress-
ing some from the Shoales will be of good use at present. Sir please to give
notice to ye Councill yt supply be sent to ye army from ye Bay for they have
eatin us out of bread, and here is little wheat to be gottin and lesse money to pay
for it. Supplysraay as easily be sent ym from Boston as from hence, and should
there be another army come among us as I suppose there must speedily be wee
shall be very hard put to it to find bread for them, the Lord direct you and us
j;i ye great concerns that are before us, which dutifull service presented in haste
I remain

Sr your servant,
Portsmouth Sept. 26, 1C76. Richard Martin.

Directed,
To ye Honored Maj. Generall Daniel Dcnif^on these present

In Ipswich.
HastJ^ost Hast.
I5y an Indian yt was taken the army was informed yt at Pegwacket there are
^'■enty captives. D. De:;!SON.'"



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224 MALNE HISTOP.ICAL SOCIETY.

in tliat quarter, in the first scenes of which, our Indians were
probably not concerned ; Richard Hammond's house was at-
tacked on that day, and himself willi Samuel Smith and Joshua
Grant were killed. The Indians thou divided, eleven went up the
river and captured Francis Card and his family, the remainder
went down to Arrowsic Island, now Georgetown, took the fort
by surprise, killed Capt. Thomas Lake, one of the chief proprie-
tory, with many others, and wounded several, among whom
was Capt. Silvanus Davis, afterward a prominent inhabitant of
Falmouth. Here they were joined by the Indians from Fal-
mouth and those who went up the river, and laid plans of
future depredations.

It was on this occasion that Antliony Brackett and his family
escaped out of their hands by means of an old birch canoo
which his wife repaired with a needle] and thread found in a
deserted house. Their captors were so anxious to press for-
ward, and share in the success of their friends on the Kenne-
bec, that they left Brackett and his family to follow after them.
Hubbard says, '-In that old canoe they crossed a water eight
or nine miles broad, and when they came on the south sido
of the bay, -they might have been in as much danger of other
Indians that had lately bee%i about Black Point and had taken
it ; but they were newly gone ; so things on all sides thus con-
curring to help forward their deliverance, they came safely to
Black Point, where also they met with a -vessel bound for
Piscataqua, that came into that harbor but a few hours before
they came thither, by which means they arrived safe in.Piscata-
qua river soon after."

The Indians who had collected on Arrowsic in the begin-
ning of September were about one hundred, who having laid
waste the country round, one division went to Sheepscott and
Pemaquid, another made an attack on Jewell's Island. Many
of the inhabitants had fled from tiie main to this remote island,
as a ]»]ace of safr^ty, and had trusted too securely in its distame,
witliout taking: suOicient precaution against a sudden invasion.



'i , .i;4-'



"jvvu'n^ M'-. I ~ : ••■I'o-



THE FIRST INDIAN WAR. 2:i.'>

Tlrcre was at this time a fortified house iipon tlic ishniid, but it
was almost without occupants and feebly guarded. Many cT
the people were absent procuring provisions for their families,
when the enemy suddenly made their appearance. The occu-
pants of the garrison resolutely defended it, until some who
liad been abroad returned "and desperately broke in through
the Indians" to the fort, and prevented its being taken. The
Indians soon after drew off and the inhabitants were relieved by
a government vessel, which' was called to tlieir assistance by
some who escaped from the island at the time of the attack. Sev-
eral of the Indians were killed, and three of the English ; two
women and two children were taken captives. The wife of
Kichard Potts, who was washing by the water side, was taken
with her children in sight of her husband, who was unable to
afford his family any relief.

On .the 2od of September, a number of those persons who
had been driven from Casco and the vicinity, whose names are
not given, except George Felt's, being driven by the distress
which their families were suffering for the necessaries of life,
ventured to go upon Munjoy's Island' to procure provisions,
there being a number of sheep there. They had scarcely landed
six or seven men, when the Indians fell suddenly upon them ;
and although they defended themselves with desperate courage
from the ruins of a stone house, to which they liad retreated,
yet .they were all destroyed. Ftdt was nuicli lamented ; ho
was a useful and enterprising man, and had been more active
against the Indians than any other in this vicinity. He left
a family, who moved to Chelsea, in whicli neighborhood his
descendants are yet living. Ilis wife was a daugliter of Jane
Macworth, by whom he had three sojis, George, Samuel, and
Jonathan."

' I lliii;k tliJs is what is now callod Ilou.-e IsLmd. ' This uiilbrLunato, event is
leferreU to in Maityu'.s letter, ante. p. 222; note.

■^Tiio father fjf fl,M,r^e Felt was honi in 1001 ; lie lived j,, \oril, Varniouth
[tlireo years . lie was ojie of the Muld'-ii sottlor\ where )io dieil in 10!);, n^^rd



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22b MAINE EISTOPJCAL SOCIETY.

As soon as news of the commencement of hostilities readied
the government ot' Massaclinsetts, measures were taken to
afford protection and assistance to the inhabitants. One h^in-
dred and thirty Enp,lish and forty friendly Indians were dis-
patched under tlie command of Captains Hawthorn, Sill, and
Hunting, who were to he joined with such forces as couid be
raised in the province. They proceeded by the coast to Fal-
mouth, where the head-quarters of the enemy were supposed
to be. They arrived at Casco Day, September 20, and altliough
every plantation west of it had suffered depredations from iiie
enemy, they met with but tvro Indians on their march. Ow3
they killed and the other escaped at Falmouth to Back Cove
and gave notice of the approach of the forces to his comrades,
who had been heard a short time before threshing in Anthony
Brackett's barn. They were thus enabled to escape. Tins
expedition produced no penuanent advantage ; wherever the
troops appeared, the enemy fled from their presence, and
nothing could be found of them but tlie desolation which ili ^y
had caused. They left this part of the country in the begin-
ning of October, and about a week afterward, the Indians
rallied their forces, one hundred strong, and, October 12, made
an assault upon Black Point, The inhabitants had collected
in the garrison of Henry Jocelyn, who endeavored to nego-
tiate a treaty with Mugg, for their safe retreat. Wiien he re-
turned from this service to the garrison, he found the inhabi-
tants had fled to their boats and carried their property Avitli
them, leaving Jocelyn alone with his family and servants ; he
was consequently obliged to surrender at discretion.^

1 Mr. Fariiim- lias lavored mv with the Mhjwhvj. (iocumeat. "A list of the in-

haliitaiits at Black Puirit Garri.son October 12 IfjTC.

Iij ye Gaii.son Dani'.'l Moore Living mu'skett Ralphe Ilei.son

John Tciiiiey i^liott from ye Maihew Heysou

Henry JLJr',ok.iri Garisoii Jo.seph Ohvor



ninety- two. Ili^ wife diet] tlie sanie year. The Rev. Josoj'h li. p
tlie distinguisiif^'l autiquarian and h'storian, i; of this family.]



<L

\ ■' :; '^^D



't ;Mi



THE FIRST INDIAN WAR.



227



Tliev next proceeded to Richmond's Island ; a vetLcl -^as
lying here belonging to Mr. Fryer, of Portsmouth, which had
been sent, by the solicitation of "Walter Gendall, to preserve
the property upon the island. While they were engaged in
this duty, they were attacked by a multitude of the enemy.
Owing to the unfavorable state of the wind, they were unable
to get their vessel out of the harbor; the enemy seized this
advantage and proceeded to cut the cable of the vessel, wliilo
part of them stood ready to shoot down every man who appeared
on her deck to render any assistance. Under these circum-
stances the vessel was driven on shore, and the crew, consisting
of eleven persons, were taken prisoners. Among them was
James Fryer, son of the owiier, a respectable young man of
Portsmouth, who afterward died of wounds received in that
engagement ; also Walter Gendall, who became of service lo
the enemy as interpreter and messenger.



In ye hutts ^vth
out ye Garison
l)ut joining to it



Kcitlianiell AVillett
Charles Brov.ne
Edward ITairSeld
Hampton & Salisbury

soldiers,
ffrancis Shoiet
Anthony Roe
Thomas Bickford
Robert Tydey
Richard Moore
James Lybbey
John Lybbey
Anthony Lybbey
Samuel Lybbey
George Taylor
James O^Ieby
Dunken Clieisom
Williau) Sheldon
John Vickers
Rrd. Basjen
Ro'rt Klioti
fTrancis V.'hite
Richard Honeywell
John Howell



A ]hi of ye names of tlio^.e yt ware
pre.it by vertue of Capt. Hartherne's
Older to 1)0 for ye service of ye Garison
of ye inhabiiants aforesaid.

ffrancis Shealett
Edward Hounslow



Living thre mus-
kett shott from
ye garison



Chris'r Edgecome
John Ediiecorne
Michael Edjecome
Rribcrt Ed;:;rcome
Henry Elkins
John Ashdeu
John Warrick
Goodman Luscome
Tymothy Cullins
Andrew Broune sen.
Andrew Brouue
Jolm Broune
Jo.seph Broune
Ambrose Bouden
Constable
Tho. Cuming
John Herman
Sam"l Oakman sen.
John El.-on
Peter Iliiiksoo
Ricd. "Willin
John Symson
Tho. Cloaueley
Jolm Cooke
R'rd Burrough.s

James Oglcby
John Cocke
Daniel Moore
Dunken Chessorji
Richard Burrou^'h
William Bi;rra.rre.-'



228 • MAINE HISTOP.ICAL SOCIETY.

The aiTair at Richmond's Island was the last in Falmouth,
during the war; and the war here may be said to have ceased
for the want of victims. Mugg, who had led the Indians in the
two last attacks, seemed now to be desirous of peace, and for
that purpose went to Portsmouth on the first of November,
carrying James Fryer, and offered to enter into a treaty. The
commanding officer there, not l)eing authorized to negotiate,
sesiit him to Boston, where on the Gth of November, articles of
pacification were entered into with the government, by Mugg,
iu behalf of ]Madockawando and Chelierrina, Sachems of Penob-
scot. Mugg, as a pledge of his lidelity, consented, to remain a
hostage until the property and captives were restored.

There was a great reluctance on the part of the Indians to
comply with tlie terms of the treaty, and on one pretext and
another they evaded the principal articles. They had no
reason thus far to be dissatisfied with the war ; they hali taken
at least sixty prisoners and a large amount of property, and
had lived upon the best fruits of English industry, while they
had lost liut very few men. Their range over the country was
now unimpeded, and they had nothing but a dread of future
retribution from the English, to induce them to lay down their
arms. That so small a number of Indians should have been
able to have committed so great depredations and outrages up-
on such a long line of settlements, can only be accounted for
by supposing the energy and judgment of the people to have
been overcome by panic. Although their habitations were
scattered and tlieir preparations for defense feeble, still had they
in the first onset made a resolute resistance, they would have
inspired terror into the enemy instead of feeling it themselves.
It appears from an estimate presented, to the committee of the
colonies in Eiigland, in IGTo, that the militia in Maine, includ-
ing Sagadahock, amounted to seven hundred, of wliich eighty
were in Casco bay, eighty in Sagadahock, one hundred in
Black Point, one hundred in ?aco and ^Yinter Harbor, eighty
in \Vells and Cape Purpus, eighty in York, and one iiundred






.| -1' ,,!J \<A.'.i lijj'jinc^



THE FIRST INDIAN WAR. 229

and eighty in Kiitery.^ Tlie Iiuliaus never had fightinr: me;i
to bo comjiared with this uuinber, and yet they entirely de-
stroyed most, and for three years harrassed the remainder of
the settlements in the iirovince.

Madoekawando and Squando were tlic most powerful chiefs
daring this war ; they are described by Hubbard as "a strange
kind of moralized savages : grave and serious in tlieir speech,
and not without some show of a kind of religion." ''It is also
said they pretend to have received some visions and revelations,
by which they have been commanded to worship the great God
and not to work on the Lord's day.'' These notions are attribu-
ted to their intercourse with Catholic priests. These two -cele-
brated persons held in their hands for a time tlie destinies of the
eastern country. ]\[ugg was the prime minister of the Penob-
scot Sachem, an active and shrewd leader, but who by his
intimacy with Englisli families, had worn off some of the fero-
cities of the savage character.

The attempts at peace in the latter part of 1GT6, proving
unsuccessftil, the Avar was continued thiough the next year;
spending its force principally in the western part of the State.
Simon who commenced the tragedy at Casco, was not idle in
its closing scenes. On the IGth of May, a party under !Mugg,
attacked the garrison at Black Point, which was resolutely
defended for three days ; in the latter part of which, the active
leader of the bcseigers having been killed, the seige was precipi-
tately abandoned. This ill success was however revenged on the
same spot in the following month, when a large force having been



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