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Most obed't and very humble servant,

B. Arnold.

Point Levi, 1-ith Nov., 1775.
Sir — I have this moment received a letter from the commaud-
'ing officer at Sorrcll, advising that Gen. Montgomery was anx-
ious to hear from me. I wrote him the Sth instant by an Indian
ho sent express, who, I am informed, was taken on his return.
The enclosed you will please to forward him by express.
I am, Sir, your h'ble serv't,
B. Arnold, Commander of the forces before Quebec.

To the Commanding )
Officer at Sorrell. \

CoLviL Place, 1\ miles from Quebec, 14th Nov., 1775.
Dear Sir — I wrote you yesterday from Point Levi, by an
express sent from Sorrell by Col. Easton, of my intention of
crossing the St. Lawrence, which I happily effected between
nine and four in the morning without being discovered, until my
party of five hundred men were nearly all over, when a frigate's
barge coming up, discovered our landing and prevented our
surprising the town. We fired into her and killed three men.
I am this minute informed by a gentleman from town, that Col.
McClean had determined to pay us a visit this morning with six
hundred men and some field pieces. "We are prepared and
anxious to see him. Others from town inform me that the
inhabitants in general had laid down their arms. By the best
information they are in the greatest confusion; very short of
wood and provisions, much divided, and refused [)rovisions from



Arnold's letters. 485

the inliabitaats; and, if bloekeJ up by a superior force, must, aa
soon a3 the frost sets in, surrender. I have thought proper to
despatch the bearer to inform you of my situation, as also with a
request I have to make.. I must refer you to him for particulars,
as I have been so unfortunate in my former letters, I don't choose
to commit every intelligence to writing; It is the current report
here, that you have invested Montreal, and cut off their retreat.
This I hope is true, and that I shall soon have tlie pleasure of
seeing you here. I am, dear Sir, with great respect,

Your obed't, humble servant,
B. Geyi. Montgomery,^ B. Arnold.

P. S. Since writing tlic foregoing, the enemy found means
to make prisoner of one of our sentinels. I immediately invested
the town as near as possible with my troops, which has occa-
sioned them to set fire to the suburbs of 3t. John, and several of
the houses without the wal! are now in flames. b. a.



Cap*. Ilanchct :

Sin — The night we left you we had the good luck to get well
over, undiscovered ; but many of the men I expected are left
behind. I should have sent the boats over again had the weather
been suitable. I shall send them as soon as possible, and would
have you send over all the men you have, as soon as possible,
except sixty, with all the flour and pork you can spare, and as
many ladders as you can send. Let the whole be collected at
the mill if they cannot be sent over directly, so that we can take '
them off" as soon as the weather serves. The people in town are
in great confusion. Yesterday they took one of our sentinels,
through his carelessness. We paraded and marched up within
half a mile of the walls, and gave them three cheers, and were in
hopes of their coming out, but we were disappointed. They
fired about fifteen, twelve, and twenty-four pound shot at u.s,
some of which we picked up, but did us no harm. They are
much divided and short of provisions, and I believe, will not
venture to come out or cross the river. I have not heard from
Gen. iM^ontgomery since we came over, but expect it every min-
ute. Let the people know I shall bo over and settle with them



■Vv\



486 MAINE HISTORICAL SOCIETY.

very soon. AVhcnevcr the weather permits, send your boat"?
over and let tlieni land at Scillery, which may be done any {'wv.o
of day when the tide serves, as the frigate is down.

I am. Sir, your h'ble serv't, B. Arnold,

P. S. I forgot to tell you we fired on the frigate's barge and
killed three men the night we came over.

Sir — I yesterday sent the enclosed with a flag and oflicer, who
approaching near the walls of the town, was, contrary to human-
ity and the laws of nations, fired on, and narrowly escaped being
killed. This I imputed to the ignorance of your guards, and
ordered him to return this morning, and to my great surprise he
was received in the same manner as yesterday. This is an in-
sult I could not have expected from a private soldier ; much
more from an officer of your rank ; and through me, offered to
the United Colonies, will be deeply resented ; but at any rato
cannot redound to your honor or valor. I am informed you
have put a prisoner taken from me, into irons. I desire to know
the truth of this, and the manner in which he is treated. As I
have several prisoners taken from you, who now feed at my own
table, you may expect that they will be treated iu the same man-
ner in future as you treat mine.

I am, Sir, your ob't serv't,

To the Wble H. T. Cramake. B. Arnold.

Camp before Quebec, Nov. 14, 1775.
Sir — The unjust, cruel, and tyrannical acts of a venal British
parliament.tending to enslave the American Colonies, have obliged
them to appeal to God and the sword for redress. That Being
in whose hands are all human events, has hitherto smiled on their
virtuous efforts. And as every artifice has been used to mako
the innocent Canadians instruments of their cruelty, by instigat-
ing them against the Colonies, and oppressing them on their
refusing to enforce every oppressive mandate; the American
Congress, induced by motives of humanity, have at their request
sent Gen. Scliuyler into Canada for their relief. To cooperate
with him, I am ordered by his excellency Gen. Washington to
take possession of the town of Quebec. I do therefore in the



akxold's letteks. ' 487

name of the United Colonies, demand immediate surrender of
the town, fortifications, &:c., of Ciiiebec to the forees of the United
Colonies under my command; forbidding you to injurb any of
the inhabitants of the town in their persons or property, aa you
will answer the same at }'our peril. On surrendering the town,
the property of every individual shall be secured to him ; but if
I am obliged to carry the town by storm, you may expect every
severity practiced on sucli occasions ; and the merchants who
may now save their property will probably be involved in the
general ruin. I am Sir. your most ob't h'ble eerv't,

lion. Hect. T. Cramake, / . B. Arnold.



KE, ;



Lt. Gov, of Quebec

Camp before Quebec, Nov. 16, 1775.
Dear Sir — ^ly last was of the 13th inst. advising you of my
crossing the St. Lawrence, and being before Quebec; since
which I have not hud the pleasure of hearing from you. I then
informed you of my situation and prospects. Fearing that
may have miscarried I have thought proper to despatch the
bearer, a merchant of Quebec, and particular friend of mine, who
has been kind enough to offer his service, and will inform you
more fully than in my power to write. I am very anxious to
hear from you, and much more so to see you here.
I am dear Sir, with great esteem

Your obed't h'ble servant,
Brig. Gen. 3Io)itgomer?/. • B. Arnold.

Point Aux Trembles, Nov. 20, 1775.
Dear Sir — I wrote you the 14th and IGth inst. from before
Quebec, which I make no doubt you have received. I havo
this minute the pleasure of yours of the 17th inst, and I heartily
congratulate you on your success and hope, (as fortune has been
so far favorable, and is generally so to the brave,) it may in future
be equal to your warmest wishes. It was not in my power be-
fore the 18th to make an exact scrutiny into the arms and am-
munition of ray detachment ; when, upon examination, great part
of our cartridges proved unfit for service, and to my great sur-
prise we had no more than five rounds for each man, and near



488 MAINE niRTOPJCAL SOCIETY.

one hundred guns unfit for Rervice. Add to this many of tli'?
men invalids, and almost naked, and wanting everythiiiL,^ to mula..
them comfortable. The same day I received advice from mv
friends in town, that Col. McClean was making preparations, and
had determined in a day or two to come out and attack us ; and
as his numbers were greatly superior to ours, with a number of
field pieces, and the limits of Quebec were so extensive, I fonntl
it impossible entirely to cut olT their communication ^^ith the
country, without dividing the small number of men (about five
hundred and fifty etlective) so as to render them an easy sacrifice
to the besieged. I therefore concluded it most prudent to retire
to this place ; and ordered the main body to march at three
©''clock yesterday morning, and waited with a small detachment
to watch the motions of the enem}^ until the main body was out
of danger. They all arrived here last night. I have procured
leather (and sufficient to shoe them all in u day or two) the only
article of clothing to be had in this part of the country. Enclosed
is a memorandum of clothing absolutely necessary for a win-
ter's campaign, which I beg the favor of your forwarding as soon
as possible. Should it be troublesome, I have desired the bear-
er, Capt. Ogden, to procure them, and some other articles the
officers are in want of, and by the favor of your order to forward
them on.

Capt. Napier, in the snow, and a small schooner passed us
yesterday, and are now at Quebec. The two frigates were laid
up the ISth, their guns and men all taken on shore. They are
getting all the provisions they possibly can out of the country,
and are doubtless determined to make the best defence.

From the best account I can get their force is about nineteen
liujidred men, viz :
Landed from the frigates and two transports

from St. John, 150 recruits.

Col. McClean^s Eegiment, 170 regulars.

From the Lizard, marines and seamen 200

From the Hunter, sloop, 100

On board Capt. Napier, 150

Inhabitants, French and English, on their side, 130

900



ARXOLl) S LETTERS.



■iSlt



Da, obliged to be;ir anus against their incli-
nation, and who would join us if an oppor-
tunity presented,

Neutrals in town,



GOO
400

1900



You will from the above account be better able to judge of
the force necessary to carry the town. If my opinion is of any
service I sliould think two thousand necessary, as they must be
divided at the distance of three or four miles to secure the passes
eflectually. And as there is no probability of cannon making a
breach in the walls, I should think mortars of the most service,
the situation for throwing shells being extremely good, audi
think of course would soon bring them to compliance. If not,
time and perseverance must eti'ect it before tliey can possibly be
relieved.

Col. Allen and his party have been sometime since sent to
England in irons. — ^Ir. Walker I liave not yet heard of. I have
ordered Capt. Ogden to send down all the powder and ball on
the road. If he should not be able to procure suflicient, I make
no doubt of your forwarding it as soon as possible. The inhabi-
tants are very friendly, and give all the assistance they dare to
do at present. Had we a sufficient force to blockade the garri-
son I make no doubt of their coming to our assistance in great
numbers. As it will doubtless take some time in bring-ng down
your artillery, would it not be better, if you can spare them, to
send down five or six hundred men, who, joined to my little corps,
will be able to cut oiT tlieir communication with the country.
I am dear Genl, with great esteem,

Your most obedient and very humble serv't,

B. AnxoLD.



P. S. My hard cash is nearly exhausted. It will not be suf-
ficient for more than ten days or a fortnight ; and as the French
liave been such sufferers by paper, I don't think it prudent to
ofier it them at present. ^« ^'

31



490 MAINE HISTORICAL SOCIETY.

Memorakdu.m — GOO pr. coarse yarn stoclcings,

500 yds. coarse woollen for breeches,
' '~' ' ' 1000 yds. flannel or baize for shirts,

300 milled cap?,
300 do. mittens or gloves,
'- - - 300 blankets,

'" Powder and ball,

1 bbl. West India rum,

1 do. sugar. - -

Point Aux Tremclk?, Xov. 20, 1775.

May it 2^lea$e your ExccUcncy :

My last of the 14th inst. from Point Levi, the same evening I
passed the St. Lawrence without obstruction, except from a
barge, into which we Mred, and killed three men ; but as the
enemy were apprised <")f our coming and tlie garrison augmented
to near seven hundred men besides the inhabitants, it was not
thought proper to storm the place, but cut ofl' their communica-
tion with the country, until the arrival of Gen. Montgomery.
We accordingly invested the town with about five hundred ;uul
fifty eftective men, took possession of a nunnery, and Col. C's.
liouse, about half a league from town. We marched up several
times near the walls, in hopes of drawing them out, but to no
eftect, though they kept a constant cannonading and killed us one
man. On the 18th, having intelligence that Capt. Napier in an
armed snow with near two hundred men, having made his escape
from Montreal, was very ncar,and that the garrison, furnished with
a number of good field pieces, intended attacking us the next diy-
I ordered a strict examination to be made into the state of our
arms and ammunition, when to my great surprise, I found m:iny
of our cartridges unfit for use, (which to ap})earance were very
good,) and that we had no more than five rounds to eacl; man.
It was judged prudent in our situation not to hazard a baitlc,
but retire to this place, eight leagues from Quebec ; whicli we
did yesterday, and are waiting here with impatience the arnvid
of Gen. Montgomery, which we expect in a few days. 1 li;i\ -
been obliged to send to Montreal for clothing for rny j-eopK-,
about six hundred and fifty in the whole, who are almost uak^-d,



Arnold's letters. • 401

and in want of cveiy necessary. I have been as careful of cash
as possibl-', but shall soon have occasion for hard money. As
the French have been such sufferers from paper heretofore, and
mine so large, T thought it not prudent to offer it them at present.
I have written to Gen. Montgomery my situation and wants,
whicli I expect will be supplied by him. Had I been ten days
Kooner, Qnebec must inevitably have fallen into our hands, as
tliere was not a man then to oppose us. However, I make no
doubt Gen. Montgomery will reduce it this winter, if properly
supported with men, which in my ojiinion cannot in the whole be
less than two thousand five hundred, though it may possibly bo
effected with a less number. The fatigue will be severe at this
season and in this inclement climate.

I have the honor to be, with the greatest respect.
Your excellency's most obed't and very humble servt.

B. Arnold.

Mem. sent in the foregoing — six hundred blankets, six hund-
red thick clothes, six hundred shirts, woolen, six hundred milled
caps, six hundred do. gloves, six hundred do, hose, six hundred
thick woolen breeches lined with wool or leather. b. a.

Point Aux Trembles, 20th Nov., 1775.
Gentlemen — The bearer, Capt. Ogden, is a young gentleman
of good and opulent family from Jersey, and a volunteer in the
army. I have sent him to Montreal to procure some clothing,
(fcc, for the army. If he has not cash sufficient for his purpose,
any articles you are kind enough to furnish him with, you will
please to place to my account, which I will see duly paid. If he
has occasion for any goods out of your way, if you will be kind
enough to recommend him, I will be accountable ; or the persons
who supply him may, by virtue of this letter, charge the same
to rnc. I hope this will find you and family well; and am with
much esteem,

Gentlemen, your most obed't h'ble scrv't.

Messrs. Prince ,\- ILiyicood, } B. Arnold.

Merchants, Montreal. ^



i92 MAINE HISTORICAL SOCIETY.

Dear Sir— The W-aver, Cnpt. Ogden, is a particular frien.] of
mine and on business of mine. Any ussistanco or favor siiuwn
him, will be gratefully acknowledged by

Sir, your obed"t serv't.
Ft. Aux Trembles, Nov. 20, 1775. B. Arnold.

Mr. Jos. Terry.

Point Aux Tremdles, Nov. 24, 1775.

Gestlfmrx — I was informed a few days since that all the shins
at Quebec were laid up, and their guns taken out; of which I
advised Gen. Montgomery; since wliich I find my information
was premature. I am now informed by some of my otik'or^l,
who have seen, that a large snow, supposed to be Xapier, the
ITunter frigate, and two small schooners, came up from Quebec
this moroing and now lie at Capo Rouge; I suppose with a
design- to interrupt our vessels or batteaux expected from
Montreal. It is probable tliey will }.roceed higher up next f'de;
of which I have thought proper to give you notice by express,
and advise your sending three or four boats ahead, at a proper
distance, to give you timely notice of tlieir approach.
I am Gent, your h"ble serv't.

B. Arnold.

To the officers of the Continc7ital Arrm/,

On tJieir way from Montreal to Quebec.

Point Arx Trembles, Xov 25, 1775.

Gentlemen — I \^Tote you last night (and sent a canoe up the
river) of two large and two small vessels being anchored olT
Cape Rouge. This morning tijey have weighed and are now
opposite this place, and will be able to proceed about one leaguo
higher up tliis tide. Their design is, doubtless, to proceed as
high up as the foot of the Rissallien, or rapids above Cape Saute,
four leagues above this place. I think it will be impossible for
them to go higher up, without a strong easterly wind, or to .stay
there long, as the ice must certainly drive them away the lir.-t



ARNOLD'S LETTERS. ' 493

cold weather. I make no doubt of your necessary precaution to
avoid theui ; and am,

Gentlemen, your li'blo servant,

B. AUNOLD.

To the ojjicers of the Co?!tinc}ital Army,
On the way from Montreal to Quebec.

Dear Sir— My last was the ^Oth instant, by Capt. Ogden,
advising; you that the two frigates were laid up and Ca}>t.
Napier's passed us for Quebec ; since which I tind the largo
frigate only laid up. Yesterday the Hunter sloop and Captain
Napier in the snow, with a topsail schooner, came up as high as
Cape Rouge, and this morning to this place. Their intention is,
doubtless, to go up as high as the Rissallien, or rapids at Cape
Santo, to interrupt your vessels and batteaus. I think it will bo
impossible for them to proceed higher without a strong easterly
wind. I last night sent oft^ an express by the river. Fearing
that should miscarry, I have despatched my friend Halstead
post, that your advance may have timely notice to take every
precaution. :\[y detachment are as ready as naked men can be,
to march wherever they maybe required; but are yet in want of
powder, ball, &c., and some arm.s. The enemy are very busy in
collecting provisions, fixing cannon on the walls, and putting
themselves in the best posture of defence; but seem to be still
wavering in their plan, as I am told this morning several ships
are hauled into the stream for sailing

With great esteem, dear Sir,

Your obed't and very humble servt
. Brig. Gen. Montgomery, B. Arnold.

Pt. Arx Trkmbles, }

Point Aux Tuembles, Nov. 25, 1775.
Dk.vu Sir— I am now to acknowledge the receipt of your
favor of the 18th instant and return you my thanks for the same.
I congratulate you on your post, but am sorry to hear that Gen.
AYooster and you are likely to stay at :\rontreaI. I am w;Lit:t)g
with great .•uixiety the arrival of Gch. Moutgoni'-ry, -.vhcu I



494 MAINE HISTORICAL SOCIETY.

expect we shall knock up a dust with the garrison at Quebec,
who are ah-eady panic struck. Had we been fortunate enough
to have arrived ten days sooner, we should have met no opposi-
tion, and should, I make no doubt, have curried it as it was, if
we had had ammunition. My brave men were in want of every-
thing but stout hearts, and would have gladly met the enemy,
•whom we endeavored in vain to draw out of the city, though we
had not ten rounds of ammunition a man, and they double our
numbers.

I have gone through a variety of scenes since I saw you, an
amazing deal of fatigue, trouble, and anxiety, but, thank God,
am very hearty and well. Capt. Oswald begs you'd accept his
compliments. Please make my compliments to Gen. Wooster
and all enquiring friends ; and accept the same from,

Dear Sir, your friend and very humble serv't.

B. Arnold.

Point Aux Trembles, 27th Nov., 1775.
LieiU. Buell :

Sill — You will proceed with the miller, who will direct you
where you will find some cattle, which you will bring to head-
quarters. I am Sir, &c.

Your obed't servant,

B. Arnold.

Point Aux Trembles, Nov. 27, 1775.

Dear Sir — -An incessant hurry of business since my arrival in
Canada, has deprived me of the pleasure of writing you before
this, to give you a short sketch of our tour, the fatigue arnl
hazard of which are beyond description. A future day may
possibly present you with the particulars.

The 15th September, left Cambridge: same night arrived at
Newburyport. IStb, embarked and sailed. 19th, thick weattier
and gale of wind, which divided the fleet. 20th, arrived in
Kennebec river. 21st, reached Fort Western. 25th to 2i)th,
sent oft' one division each day with forty-tive days' provisions.
From 20th to Oct. 8th, the whole detachment were daily up t.>



Arnold's letters. 405

their waists in water, hauling up the batteaux against the rapid
streams to XorriJgewoek, tlfty miles from Port Western. From
the 9th to the IGth, not a minute was lost in gaining the Dead
Eiver, about fifty miles. From the IGth to 27th we ascended the
Dead River to Lake ^Megantic or Chaudierc pond, distance
eighty-three miles. 2Sth, I embarked with seventeen men in tive
batteaux, being resolved to proceed to the French inhabitants'
and send back provisions to the detachment, who were nearly
out, and must inevitably suffer without a supply. At ten we
had passed on the lake thirteen miles long, and entered the
Chaudiere, which we-descended about twenty miles in two hours;
amazing rocky, rapid, and dangerous, when we had the misfor-
tune of oversetting and staving three batteaux, and lost all the
baggage, provisions, &c. and with great difliculty saved the men.
This disaster, though unfortunate at first view, we must think a
very happy circumstance on tlie whole, and a kind interposition
of Providence; for had we proceeded half a mile farther, we
must have gone over a prodigious fall which we were not
apprised of, and all inevitably perished. Here I divided the
little provisions left, and proceeded on with two batteaux and
five men with all possible expedition ; and on the 30th at night,
arrived at the first inhabitants, upward of eighty miles from the
Lake, where I was kindly received. Tlie next morning early
sent off a supply of fresh provisions to the detachment by the
Canadians and savages, about forty of the latter having joined
me. By the 8th the whole arrived except two or three sick left
behind. The 10th, I reached Point Levi, seventy-five miles froca
Sartigan, the tirst inhabitants ; waited imtil the 13th for the rear
to come up, and employed the carpenters in making ladders and
collecting canoes ; those on Point Levi being all destroyed to
prevent our crossing. Having collected about thirty, we em-
barked at 9 P. 2d.., and at 4 A. M. had carried over at several
times five hundred men without being discovered .

Thus in about eight weeks we completed a march of near sis
hundred miles, not to be paralleled in history; the men having,
with the greatest fortitude and perseverance, hauled their bat-
teaux up rapid streams, being obligad to wade almost the whole
way near OLiC hundred aal eighty miles, carried them on their



496 MAINE HISTORICAL SOCIETY.

shoulders near forty miles, over lillls, swamps, ami boo^s almost
impenetrable, and to their knees ia mire; being often obliired'tK
cross three or four times witli tlieir baggage. Short of provis-
ions, part of the detachment disheartened and gone back ;
famine staring us in the face ; an enemy's country and uncertainty
ahead. Notwithstanding all these obstacles, the officers and ir.L-n
inspired and tired with a love of liberty and their country,
pushed on with a fortitude superior to every obstacle, and most
of them had not one day's provision for a week.

I have thus given you a short but imperfect sketch of our
march. The night we crossed the St. Lawrence, found it impos-
sible to get our ladders over, and the enemy being apprised of
our coming, we found it impracticable to attack them without
too great a risk, we therefore invested the town and cut otY their



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