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return on parole in the month of May, They were sent to Hali-
fax in the frigate Xiger, and there were put on board anotlier
ship, in which they cruised thirty days experiencing the gross-
est insults, before they were landed in Penobscot bay. Thence
they proceeded to Portland by land, and were exchanged in
March, 1777.

Of some of the men, engaged in this attack upon Quebec, a
short account may be interesting to the reader.

EicHARD MosTGOMERY was bom in the north of Ireland in
1737, and possessed a fine genius, which was matured by a good
education. He fought under Wolfe at Quebec, in 1759. In
1772, after his return to England, he left his regiment, and from
his attachment to America, emigrated to the Hudson river, a
hundred miles above the city of New York. At the coramenee-
ment of the revolutionary war he oflered his services to our
country. The sickness of Gen. Schuyler gave him the chief
command of the northern army in October, 1775. He captured
St. Johns, November 3d, and took Montreal on tlie 12th. Of
his subsequent operations an account has been given. He was
shot through both his thighs and his head. Carleton, who had
been his fellow soldier in the war with the French, buried liiin
honorably. The coffin was covered with a pall, surmounted by
transverse swords, and was followed by British troops, pardcu-

Arnold's exi^edition. 529

larly the 7th Eeglment, ^vith reversed amis and scarfs on the left
elbow. The ot'uer otVicers were buried in a very proper manner.
He was tall and slender, of an easy, graceful, and manly ad-
dress, with a handsotne countenance, although it was much
marked by the small pox. He had the confidence, esteem, and
love of the whole army. "When he addressed his troops, he
spoke with elegance and energy and transfused his own heroic
spirit into the hearts of his men.

In consequence of an act of the legislature of New York,
bis remains were taken up by his nephew. Col. L. Livingston, in
June, ISIS, and conveyed to New York, where they were again
entombed with the highest honors. His widow was then alive.
The following inscription was on his coffin: " The State of New
York, in honor of Gen. Eichard Montgomery, who fell glori-
ously fighting for the Independence and Liberty of the United
States, before the walls of Quebec, the 31st da\- of December,
1775, caused these remains of this distinguished hero tu be con-
veyed from Quebec and deposited, on the 8th of July, in St.
Paul's church, in the city of New York, near the monument
erected to his memory by the United States.''

B}' the direction of Congress, a monument of white marble of
the most beautiful simplicity, with emblematical devices, w'as ex-
ecuted by Mr. Cassiers at Paris, and it is erected to his memory
in front of St. Paul's church. New York.

Of Arxold, who was next in command to Montgomery, every
one knows, that he proved a traitor to his country, and llid from
West Point to the enemy at New York in September, 1780.
Although a brave man, yet he was destitute of some of tiie
qualifications of a good commander, and was lost to the influence
of moral principle. In Canada he was accused of plunderir.g
the inhabitants. In Philadelphia he was accused of peculation
and various acts of extortion, and was reprimanded in 1779 by
the decision of a court martial. He died in London, June l-lth,
180L Mr. Henry describes him as a short, handsome man, of
a florid complexion, stoutly made, as complaisant, and possessed
of great powers of persuasion, but sordidly avaricious.

Col. Gkeen was advanced in years, yet he had the ardor of
youth, and afterwards did service to his country at Eedbank, on


the Delaware, in the auninin of 1777, in repelling the attack of
Count I)oiio;\ who was killed. Col. Green was cut to pieces i.)v
horseman's sabers at an outpost, called Pine's Bridge, near the
Hudson river, in the spring of 17S0.

Morgan, who was euiinent during the whole revolutionary war,
%vas of a large person, strong, of rough and severe manners. At
the beginning of the expedition he claimed for the ritie officers
to be independent of all the superior officers except Arnold; but
Washington corrected the evil. ]\[organ was of an impetuous
temper; his pas.sions were easily excited, but they \vere also
soon cooled, and he was prudent in war, while totally fearless of
danger. The severity of his discipline was sometimes great, al-
though perhaps necessary. On entering the wilderness he pro-
hibited tiring. Soon afterwards a gun was discharged in the
woods. Having reason to suspect a man, wlio returned to camp,
he accused him of the offence, and on his denial, seized a billet
of wood and threatened to knock him down, unless he confessed.
The man escaped by the interference of another officer.

Of Captain Hexky Dearborn-, afterwards Major General Dear-
born, deceased within a few years past, a detailed account, it is
understood, has been prepared by his son, Gen. Dearborn of

John- Joseph Hexry was 17 years old the day he crossed the
river De Loup, and reached the Mrst house in Canada. He was
the son of Wm. Henry, Esq., of Lancaster, Pa. At the age of
fourteen he was an apprentice to his uncle, a gun-smith, and
probably acquired some skill, which was useful to him in prison.
He accompanied his uncle .to Detroit, and on his return on foot
through the wilderness, his guide perished, and he himself wa?
obliged to subsist on acorns before he reached the Ohio. After
his expedition to Quebec, ^[organ procured for him the appoint-
ment of captain in the Virginia line; but a slight cold, occasion-
ing the return of the scurvy, put an end to his military career.
A contusion on his knee, occasioned by a fall on the ice in the
battle of Quebec, as he was running towards the first barrier,
became a dangerous wound. iJe had run against a cable fasten-
ing a vessel to the shore, and was tlirown down a declivity ten
feet. He v.-as confined to his bed, and a ever remained


with him. Having stu^lieJ law unL-v Stephen Chambers. Esq.
\Yhose youngest sister he married, he practiced huv from the
year llSo, until December, ITOi), when he was appointed by (iov.
MitHin, to the office of Tresident of the second judicial district
of Pennsylvania. He held this otiioe seventeen years, although
the gout and other disorders often interrupted his duties during
the lust seven years. Under the long years of his bodily sutTer-
ings his mind reverted with delight to the adventurous scenes of
his youth, and he drew up for his children an account of the ex-
pedition against Quebec. His intirmities at last induced him to
resign his office, and in four months afterwards, about the year
1810, at his residence in Paxton, Dauphin county, died at the
age of 52 years. At the close of his account he expresses u
wish which it is atHicting to read, that his sufterings in his sick-
ness, immediately after his return from Quebec, had ended a life,
which afterwards was a tissue of labor, pain, and misery. Calam-
ity is indeed the lot of man : and Judge Henry had an unu^md
share of sutiering. It might have gladdened the hearts of other
sufferers, if his narrative had rather closed with the expression
of his hope, founded upon the religion of Jesus Chiist, which he
believed and vindicated, that he should soon be translated to u
world, in which pain and misery are unknown.

Thomas 1>oyd, Henry's companion in the exploring party, and
in imprisonment, and the largest and strongest man in his com-
pany, was in 1789, the captain of a company of ritlemen of the
first Pennsylvania regiment. Under Gen. Sullivan he penetrated
into the westeru part of the State of Xew York in the expedi-
tion against the Indians of the Six Nations in the .^cneca coun-
try, or country south of Seneca lake. He was sent in the nigtit
of September 12th from the camp, near a lake called Conesus
with twenty soldiers, five volunteers, and an Oneida Indian ciiicf,
named Han-Jost, directed by Sullivan to reconnoiter an Indian
.town, supposed to be six miles distant. This party fell into an
ambuscade the next day, and were all killed but three or four,
who escaped. Boyd and Han-Jost and ]N[ichael Parker were
taken and carried to the Indian town, or Genesee ca<tle, and
there tortured and put to death. On the Uth, the army arrived
at the town or castle. Boyd's head was found separated from the


body and scalped, riirlit ere taken out, and also his toni:uc. Ilis
right foot from the hall of the heel to the toes was cut open.
His bowels had been taken out, and a long knife was sticking in
deep between his shoulders. General Simpson, his companion
in the wilderness of Maine, with Captain Thomas Campbell, de-
cently buried him on the 1-ith of September. His scalp, hooped
and painted, found in one of the wigwams, was recognized by
General Simpson by its long, brown, ^ilky hair; and the dread-
ful relic was still preserved when Keary wrote his narrative.

A P r E X 1) I X

No. I.

\: C L E E V E S rs. W I X T E R .

From the Record of a Court held at &ico in IC'tO.

The plaintiffo Jt-cUircth tli:it for ten years hist past or thereabouts he was lawfully s.lzeil
and in peaceable jr-issession of a certain tract of lantl Ivting within this province, kuowne by
the name of Spurwiuk the wch. lutt of hind of two thousand acres the xd;uut. held as his owne
inheritince by virtue of a pniise raa.le unto him by you Sr. Ferdinandu Gorges, being then
one of the Pattentees unto whom wth the rest of the Pattentees was assigued all the land in
New England betweene f-.rty and forty-eight degi'ecs of north latituile. wth the govwunieut
thereof — well, pm'ise I was made unto me for my encouragement before my coming iulo this
country in any place unposessed, as is to you well kuowne.

The plaint, further declareth that aboute the tiiue afuresiiid he joyneing liini-.!f in p"teuer-
ghippi wth. Uiehard Tucker then of Spurwink, who had aUo a right of inlieritance tliere, the
wch. he bought and purch.ised for a valueiible consideration of Richard Uradsiiiw, \Uio wa.s
formerlie seth-d there by Capt. 'Walter Neale by virtue of a commission to him given by -omo
of the lords Pattentees, an.l soe aa appearoth the said Richiird Tucker wai lawfully jjosessi-d of
a right of inheritance at and in the said Spurwink.*

Alsoc the plaint, further detdareth thjit he joyneing his right by pra'ise and posesslon wth.
hLrpt'ner"s right of purchiu-e and posession, and soe buing accountable to his said pt'ner, they
both agn.H.-d to joyne their rights together, and there to build, plantc and continue: wch.
when the plaint, had done and was there settled for two years or thereabouti, this defendt.
Jno. 'Winter came and pretended an interest tliere by ^^^tue of a succeeding i»attfUt surnii)tic-
iouslie obtainf-.l,and soe by force of armes exp. ikd and thrust away the plaint, from liLs house,
lan.isand g'X>.Ls; all wch. the said defendt. to this day unjustly and unlawfully d -tainetli and
kcepeth contrarie to equitie and justice for wch. WTongs and injuries the pUiint. in thin
0>urte commenceth hLs action of tresp;iss upon the case for the trover, and deuianrUth for his
damage two hundred sterling— for all wch. the plaint, of this Courte humbly d.-sireth,
and in his Ma'ties 3 n;ime requircth a legal pnx-eeding accoriUng to his Ma'tic-s hoves.

Tlie defendt. John 'Winter conieth into this Courte and s;iith that he ilefendeth all tlio
wrongs, injuries and damage where and when he ought— first ho answeareth and saith tiiat tho
plaint, wiis never lawfully seisi-d ami posessi'd of two thousand acres of land knowno by the
name of ^ipurwiuk, nor any pte or pcell 4 thereof a.s his owne inh.ritJince by any lawfull grant
from Sr. Ferdinando Gorges <in manner and form .ts'the plaint, declareth) for tin- plaint, de-
claring a pmise to him m;id'; by .Sr. Ferdinau'lo Gorges nether showoth h.-rein the year, day
Ifromlse. 2 Partnership. 3 Majesties. 4 Part nor parcell.

*[BrarLshaw's patent WIS riated November, 10-31, the same day with Thomad Cammock's of
Biack I'uint.]


nor place whoro and when this pinLse was m:v\\ nor any con~i.l. ration, wch. tli.» jilaint. on.-hi
I\ere to have d-x'!are<l, for bv th? l-xw no man can h vvo ly.' a^'aiii-t anillur njion a laro
praise, wch. sai'l pmise the said Sr. Ferdiiiando C.irpv doth utterly d.iiy. And wliereas the
plaint, declai-.'th that Richard Tinker had also a right of inheritance at ?i)iirwiiik aforesaid hy
purchase from Kirliar J Bradshaw, who was formerly scttkni there liy Capt. AVultor Nealo by
virtueof a commission to him given !iy some of the lords pattentees. and that the pl.iiut.
joyned his rijiht wth. the ri-lit of the said Rich. Tucker his ptener thrre to build, plant and
continue. To this the d-fendt. answeareth that Capt. Walter Xealo had then no power from
auie of the Lords pattentees to disj^ose of any laud within tliis province but only in P:uscatta>iua.
And the defendt. in answeare to the plaint, further Siiith that the President and Councell of
Xew-England by their deed indented bearing date the First day of December, 1031, for the con-
siderations therein e.xpressed, did give, grant, allott, as.-igne, and conlirni« unto Robert Tre-
lawny und Moses Oood.yeare of Plimt.uth, niarchants, thi'ir heires, associates and assignes for
ever, all those lands and here^litaments with apjiurtnances, situate, lyeinge and being alonge
the sea coast castw.ird butweene the land formerly granted to Capt. Tho. Cammock
heires, associatts and iissignes and the bay and river of Cascoc, extending and to bo extcn.l-d
northwards into the Mayne land soe farre as the limiits and bounds of the land granted to tho
s;iid Capt. Tho. Cammock as aforesiiiu— doe or ougiit to extend towards the north, wth all
and singular the pmis^?es I with appnrtuances a^ by tho said deede indented more at large it
doth and may apinarc- — the s;iid det-de writinge being under the hands of the Right honoiablo
Robert Eirle of AVarwick, Edward Lord Gorges, and Sr. Penlinando Gorges, knight, in the be-
halfe of the whole Councf 11 ; now this defendt being an .associatt to the aforesiud Robert Tro
lawney and Principall agent for him in those partes, upon receiveing a coppie of tho aforesaid
deril indented wth orders for the t.ikeing and receiveing Uvt-ry and posession of the said land
and pniisses, did forthwith repaire to Capt. M'alter Xeale, Henry Joselin, Leiftenant, and
Richard Vines, gent, who werj authorised and appointed by tho said President and Counctdl
to be their lawful! atturneyes or attnrney, they or any of them to deliver full and peaceable
posession of the jimisses, or some pte in the name of the whole, to the said Robte Trelawuey
and Aloses ftoo lyeare, or to their certaiue atturney or atturui-yes. Whereupon tho aforesaid
Richard Vin'-s ou tlu- ilth day of July, ltv32. and likewise agaiue on the Z^nh day of the sanio
.month, did give livery and poses.<ion of pte of the pmisses in the name of the whole unto the
defendt for the us^ of the aforesaid Robert Treluwney atid Moses Ooixlyeare accoriling to law
and the true intent and meaning of tho aforesaid deed. After this that the defendt was law-
fully seised of all the land mentioned in the afores;ud deed, and finding tlie plaint unlawfully
tctled at Spurwiiik aforesaid upon pte of the aforesaid land granted to the said Robert Xre-
lawney and Moses Gixiryeare their heires, associatts, and assignes by the afons.iid president
and Councell for Xew-Eiiglaud and Sr Ferdinando Gorges, knight, did in a friendly manner
(without force) warne the saitl jdiunt. to leave the posession of the said land at Spurwink
showing him withall the contents of tho aforesaid deed (and withall by order from the said
Robt Trelawuey did proffer the jilaint. that if he ploxsed to become a tenant to the said Uobt
Trelawny on such conditjcms as the defendt piounded that he might still remayno there in
pome other pte of his land and enjoy the same accordingly, wch the plaint then refu.sed to ac-
cept of but still continueJ his unlawfidl clayuie by virtue of a prmise from Sr Ferdinando
Gorgps. And hereupon the defendt repaired to Capt. Walter Neale then Governor of th-so
pte.s, and reipiired justice of hiiu for the removeinge of the phiint out of the aloresai<l poses-
won, and to give the defendt livefie and posession thereof accinling to the afores.-ud deed,
wliereupon tlie saiil Capt. Walter Xe.ile rerpiired the plaint. ti> yeeld up the said posession,
affirming that he hud no right to that land. Rut so-^U'; after the jilaintiff left his said po-■^^es-
6ion to the defendt. And this the defendt is ready to atlirme, and for tlie residue of the difTer-
ence ho liund)ly accepteth the power of the Courte to heare und deteiniine their pleas of this
Diatter, and so putteth hiuijiilfe ujion the cuiintrey.

1 Premises.


The pl;\iut. and li- TOup>">n j>\viu< i^siieau.l put tlioui5olvf-.s \i\xia tho triall .if a Jury,

1. Kicliara FoxiU. cent. 7. Ji.o. ;;iiiitli

2. Mr. Tho. Pa.-.-

3. Mr. KraucL-i IJobinson

4. Mr. Wilhn. C'lo

5. Mr. Tho. WilKams

6. J no. West
The Jury find for the plaint the liou?e

aboute jojTiinj: wth the said Iiouse, and d'
and fix pence for the ti.)>t of the Courte.

JadiTemcnt is iriveii upon this venUct h;
Bunython and Kdward G..a£n y, and exe^
give judgment ou this verdict.


Jno. Baker


Arnold AUin



iUn. S-adhx-k



■nry War« i




o. Wadly

and laii I .

;-nclos,.d ooi




ure al-




e him V

y p..und.sfo



and t\v



t!ie w.


.■11 Tho. (!.


s. He


■y .1..?.


, r>


utiou 1.

> tl

.em awanic


Mr. 1

,li. Viii



l^ed to

No. II.


To the right honoured Alexander Kighy, President. Mr. Georsre Cleave. Pepiity Pre-ident. t'>

gether with the bo-Jy of the ereneral Assenildy of tlie Province of Ly^onia ;i.-semhUd

this 12th day of t-eptember, IG-tS. — Your Petitioner, shewelh.

Whereas he hatli by the order of the authority here cstated, endeavonred to the iitni.'st to
accomplisli the !r.-rt Te-tament of Mr.' John Winter, deceased, for the satisfying of \ !.-.;a-
cies ho hath emptied himsi If of his proper estate, the mostness of which the said Mi. .T.'bn
Winter his estate lieth in the hinds of tho exemitors of >rr. Robert Trelawny. .ni.i hat!i
been by them iletaincsl for these many years, notwithstanding the deceased John ^\illt•■r .li.i
in his life time press them for .an accompt, as likewise hath j'oiir Petitioner by ilivers swasive
letters and the mediation of friends a'ldrassed unto them, for the pass of accoinpts and rectify-
ing of former proceeiis the distance of place allowin'.' him no other means to that end ; yet still
he is left without hope of any timous recovery of the said estate ; neither can he "io nincli as
receive a letter from them, but is made to know that their intenti.Jus in ai.pearance are to de-
prive your Petitioner of what he hath in his hand=, in common employment with them, and
80 to forbear all satisfaction of dues, until the heir of the said Trelawny (beiiis: now about .-ev ..n
or eight years oM) ^hall come to full ajre. which will tend to the destructinn of your Petiti'iii'-r
and his whole timily, as als.>to the preju.Jice of this growing Commonwealth ; your Petitioiur
being desirous, if he could obtain his rights, to employ hU est.-ite tn the furtherance of public
good, from which lie is now disenabled. — ^Your Petitioner, therefore, humbly cravi'th your
Bonous consideration of tliishis desperate condition and that in your wisd'^ms you wojild eith- r
by yourselves or a committee by you appointed, take an examination of the accompts bi'twixt
them and uiKin the invent thereof tliat you would in your care provide, your Petitioier
may have sc-cure.l and se'juestered unto himself and for his singular use, what he liath ol the
said Trelawny in his hauls, or at least so muchiuyot! shall find due from him to your Petition-r.
It being but a case of c.jminon equity, that wherea.s you by law having engavred your Petitioner
to BiitLsfia debtj and bequeathments, you should likewise see to tlie sjifeguard, and procure the
dutys thpt .should make the same ^^^ti.-fa'•tion for which legal favour your blesTieduess aluli
be prayed for by your Petilii>ner, R/.Tx-rt Jordan.

Septeml>er 14th. lOlS. This Petition is grantnd by this tissemldy and referred to a conitnittco
of this house, viz. Mr. George Cleave, Mr.Wni. Il..yall, Mr. Richard Foxwtll, Mr. Ilene: Watts.


to bo satt on ye tenth day of October next, at Richmi\n"s I.-l.unl, to niako Rf^port of tli.^ st.ito
of tfiethiii? ;iotitioni-a for. to this Court, at the next Sossion.s, uudor the band of fh.' cK-rk of
this, r.^ycn Cooko.

Taken out of the ori-iiml — ixamincd aud recorded this 14th August, 'oS. Pr. Edw : Itish-
■wortli, Ro : Cor.

A true copy from tliu Records of Deeds for York Couuty. Maine, the first b.xdi, V^n>-'< 57 and
The Report of us Coinniissi-s. ft.r the Imsiness of the Pl.mtation atvRichmond's Island. ;us it

wa.'i taken hy order, tile tentli day of October, and is d -livered to tlio General Assiiubly, this

ICth Doc. inbor, 16iS.

1. We tiid by an instrument be.iriiis date the iit'.th of Marcli, 16Sr>, under Mr. Robert Tre-
lawny'g band, tliat the ful! government of the plantatio'i \v:ui by him wholly committed to Mr.
John Winter.

2. We find Mr. John Winter then had one tenth part of the patent Mr. Trelawny tlieu had
or thereafter should have aud tliat Mr. John Wiuter then had tlio tenth part of all tliinjrs on
the plantation aud ought to have the tenth part of all the profits that should thence arise.

3. We fiuil tliat Mr. John "\\iiiter liad then paid his i>art f .r what had been tUsbursed, and
was to pay from time to time, his tenth part of what should be disbursed.

4. We find that Mr. John Winter was to have out of the general forty pounds pr. annum in
money iiud a share for his personal care and charge.

5. We find that the whole disposing of all tilings was committed to Mr John Winter, which
Mr. Robert Trelawny promiseth to approve of.

6. We find that Mr. Robert Trelawny acknowledgeth to have remaining in his hands ono
hundred ajad twenty pounds of Mr. John Winter's toward the payment of Ids one tenth part
of his <h'sbui-snieiits, on the ship Agnis (uid one other ship to be sent on Micha.dnni.s fidh.wing.

7. We find that Mr. Robert Trelawny promiseth to manage the business in England for the
advantage of Mr. John Winter, as for his own advantage in all tilings. ^

8. We find by an accompt under the hand of Mr. Robert Trelawny, bearing date the 17th
of JIarch, Ifwfi, that Mr. John Winter left in Mr. Robert Trelawny his hand 120 jiouuds aa
above-said, the profit of wliich said sum fpom the 20th day of March, to that time, being tliree
years, did arise to the sum of one hundred twenty and five pounds 17a. 9d. so the total due to
Mr. John Winter at that time was £245. 17s. 9d. out of winch gum Mr. Robert Trelawny
doth deduct sixty-seven pounds seven shillings and eleven pence for such sums be had in
the said interim ilisbursed for Mr. Winter his particular accompt, eo Mr. Robert Trelawny d.ith
acknowledge tliere was due then uuto 3Ir. Winter for balance of accompts for all things
in return .€178. 9s. lOd. £178. Os. lOd.

9. We find by a book of accompts left l>y Mr. John Winter under his hand, from the ye.or
1630, to the hist of June, 16:30, due unto him for w ages and shares for himself and servants
£178. 9s. 9 14d. of wluch his tenth is £17. IGs. lid. so his due is £100. 12.s. 10 l-l-I.

10. Wo find from the 24th of May, '36 to the 5th of Juno '50, Mr. Winter did di-burso
for the plantation ser^-ants £4. 9s. lOd. his tenth part is nine shillings, so his dr.e re


£4. Os. lOd.

BO the total due to Mr. John Winter in Marcli, l<i39, is £313. 3s. 6 1-4.1. which s;iid -um,
accor<hng to tho improvement fainerly allowed by Mr. Robert Trelawny, doth and will
amount from the 17th of March. Ii339, to the 17th of March, 1C48, to al>ove the 6um of

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