Maine. State Board of Arbitration and Conciliatio Maine. Dept. of Labor and Industry.

Biennial report of the Department of Labor and Industry of the ..., Volume 3 online

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school vacation during which period of time the educational
test is not required. This fact in itself shows that gratifying
results have been obtained in keeping children who have not
received a primary education out of the factories and other
employments while schools are in session.

We wish at this point to express our belief that with very
rare exceptions, fine co-operation on the part of school authori-
ties and employers of child labor is augmenting and strength-
ening the efforts of this Department. Difficulties there are
but these most frequently arise over the action of parents in
falsifying the birth certificates of their children and false rep-
resentations as to their age, the employer accepting the state-
ments in good faith, and in almost all instances being ready to
cease giving employment to the child when shown that the child
is not of proper age.

The State of Maine, thanks to the liberal and careful legis-
lation of recent years, is well in the front rank of states of the
union as regards the employment of child labor. There are
some states whose laws more carefully safeguard the children



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LABOR AND INDUSTRY. 63

than do those of the State of Maine, but on the other hand,
we are far ahead of many states.

Having obtained proper legislation in relation to child labor,
and having in the last few years solved most of the difficulties
and intricacies of enforcement, we now come to another devel-
opment. This is what to do with the child after he, or she, is
taken from the mill. Instances there are, and not a few,
where the child so removed from labor is a very considerable
contributing factor in the support of the family. Take the
case of a widow with seyeral children or a child from a home
of sickness and poverty. The money earned by such a child is
a necessity for the family and ^n assistance in giving that
child certain advantages that he would otherwise be withom.
It is a problem that confronts every state that advances child
labor laws, and it is a problem that sooner or later must be
faced by the State with legislation. '

The modern state legislating for the conservation of the
child's health and its educational advancement is blind to its
own development if provisions are not made to alleviate a con-
dition which compels the parent to place the child at work
when it should be at school, and the child not developed physi-
cally is often required to help support a large family, poor and
in want. The solution of this problem is that the State must
investigate and provide, if necessary, financial assistance in
such cases.

In conclusion on the subject of child labor, we wish to again
emphasize the fact that a word of appreciation can be sincerely
given the employers of our State whose ready co-operation in
carrying out the provisions of the law governing child labor
has been a great factor in bringing about the present excellent
condition of such employment. Every courtesy has been shown
the enforcement officers and fair dealing and a desire on the
part of the employer to comply with the law has made the
task of the inspectors a more satisfactory one than if a feeling
of contention existed.



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LABOR AND INDUSTRY.



TABLE No. 2.

Whole Number of Minors Employed December
1, 1915, Classified According to Age.



Name op Firm.



Location.



i


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U3


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Abbott, Amos Company

American Woolen Company .
American Woolen Company .
American Woolen Company .
American Woolen Company .

Androscoggin Mills

Ashe, Noyes & Small

Avon Spinning Company. . . .



Barker Mill

Bates Manufacturing Company . .

Bates Street Shirt Company

Bath Iron Works

Baxter Paper Box Company

Bealee, Thoe. P. Furniture Company

Berry, A. H. Shoe Company

Binette A Allaire

Brillant, L.J

Bumbam & Morrill Co

Burrowes, H. J, Company

Bussell A Weston Company



Dexter

Newport

North Vassalboro ,

Pittsfield

Skowhegan

Lewiston

Auburn

Lewiston



Cabot Manufacturing Company

Calderwood, F. N. Company

Chase, L. C. A Company

Clark, A. H

Colonial Alleys

Columbia Woolen Company

Continental Mills

.Continental Paper Bag Company. . .

Coro A Henderson

Coronet Manufacturing Company . .
Cousins A Waterman Company . , . ,

Crosman, G. A. A Son

Cross, William M

Cummings, David Company

Dana Warp Mills



Eastern Manufacturing Company . .
Eastman Brothers A Bancroft .....

Eaton, C. A. Company

Edwards Manufacturing Company. .



Farwell Mills

Field Brothers A Gross

Fits Brothers Company

Forster Manufacturing Company. .
Fraser, William



Gannett, W. H. Publishing Company

Goodall Worsted Company

Goold, J. E. A Company

Gould, Mrs. William

Grand Lake Company

Grand Trunk Railroad Company. .
Green Brothers Company



Auburn. . .
Lewiston . .
Lewiston . .

Bath

Brunswick.
Portland. .
Portland. .
Sanf ord . . .
Waterville.
Portland. . .
Portland. . ,
Augusta...



Brunswick

Portland

Vinalhaven . . . .

Portland

Augusta

Lewiston

Lewiston

Rumf ord

Fairfield

Portland

Portland

Portland

Portland

South Berwick .

Westbrook



South Brewer.

Portland

Augusta

Augusta



Lisbon . . .
Auburn. .
Auburn. .
Oakland..
Lewiston .



Augusta. . .
Sanf ord . . .
Portland. ,
Fairfield...
Woodland .
Portland. .
Waterville.



11



31
1
3
1
1
1
13
10
1
1
1

1
5

18

6

6

3

26

8
13

II

1
1

4

41

2



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LABOR AND INDUSTRY.



71



TABLE No. 2— Continued.



Name of Firm.



Location.



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Haskell Silk Company

Hathaway, C. F. Company

Hassard, R. P. Shoe Company

Hildreth & Moeeley

Hill Manufacturing Company

Hodsdon Manufacturing Company .

Hume A Newhall



Ideal Manufacturing Company.
International Paper Company. .
International Paper Company. .



Jewett Printing Company .

Jones, Philip A

Jordan Lumber Company.



Kennebunk Mills

Kerrigan. T. W

Kerrigan, Mrs. William J

Knon^ton Machine Company .



Larson, Emil J

Laughlin, Thomas F. Company

Lewiston Bleachery d Dye Works .
Livermore Falls Glove Company . .

Lockwood Company

Lord, R. W. Company

Lunn ^ Sweet Shoe Company



Maine Alpaca Company

Maine Spmning Company

Mangan, Michael

Manufacturers Box Company

Marine Hardware & Equipment Co

Marston & Brooks

Mathis, L. D. Company

Merrill & Webber

Milford Bundle Wood Company. . .

Moonlight Studio

Morey, Charles C

Morrison Woolen Company



National Steam Laundry

Nissen Baking Company, John J .

Old Town Woolen Company



Palmer, J. E. Company

Parker A Thomes

Parker Spool & Bobbin Company .

Patterson Brothers

Penobscot Chemical Fibre Company
Pepperell Manufacturing Company
Pepperell M'f'g. Co., Laconia Div. .

Porteous, Mitchell A Braim

Portland Paper Box Company ....
Portland Shoe Manufacturing Co . .
Postal Telegraph-Cable Company .
Postal Telegraph-Cable Company . ,
Postal Telegraph-Cable Company . .
Poulin A Laney



Westbrook.
Waterville.
Gardiner. .
Lewiston . .
Lewiston . .
Biddeford. .

Fairfield...



Sanf ord

Livermore Falls .
Rumf ord



Portland . .

Bangor

Old Town.



Kennebunk.
Lewiston . . .
Portland . . .
Westbrook. .



Portland

Portland

Lewiston

Livermore Falls . .

Waterville

We^t Kennebunk.
Auburn



Springvale. .
Skowhegan .
Lewiston . . .
Auburn. . . .
Portland.. . .
Hallowell...

Bangor

Auburn. . . .
Old Town . .
Lewiston . . .
Portland . . .
Dexter



Waterville.
Portland. .



Old Town .



Portland ....

Portland

Lewiston ....
Waterville. . .
Great Works.
Biddeford . . .
Biddeford . . .

Portland

Portland ....
Portland ....

Augusta

Bangor

Portland

Skowhegan . .



_


2


8


10


-


1


3


4




1


3


4


-


_


1


1




5


6


11


-


2


7


9


-


-


3


3




_


1


1




_


1


1




-


1


1




_


1


1




-


1


1


1


2


8


11




_


2


2




1


-


1






1


1




-


1


1




1


_


1




-


1


1




1


2


3




4


4


8


2


6


47


55




-


3


3






1


1


I


4


8


13




9


11


20






1


1


2


-


-


2


1


-


_


1


1


-


3


4




-


1


1




-


1


1




-


2


2




1


-


1




1


-


1






1


1




_


1


1




-


1


1




-


1


1




.


2


2




-


1


1




-


4


4




-


1


1




1


1


2


10


5


44


59


3


13


37


53




2


_


2




1


2


3


1


-


2


3




-


1


1




1


-


1


1


1


3


5




-


1


1



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LABOR AND INDUSTRY.



TABLE No. 2— Concluded.



Name of Firm.



Regal Lunch

Rines Brothers Company

Robinson, Frank D

Royal River Packing Company.



Saco-Lowell Machine Shops

Sanf ord Mills

Seabright Woven Felt Company .
Sears-Roebuck Shoe Factories. . .

Smiley. Thomas F. Company

Spinney-Tenney Company

St. John Lumber Company

"Squires"



Tebbetts. E. L. Spool Company.
Twitchell-Champlain Company . .

Vigue&Hall



Warren, S. D. Company

Wassokeag Woolen Company

Waterville Iron Works

Waterville Wool Stock Company . . .

Watson, P. E

Webster Woolen Company

Western Union Telegraph Company,
Western Union Telegraph Company

Williams A Little

Winthrop Mills Company

Woolworth, F. W. Company

Woolworth, F. W. Company

Worumbo Manufacturing Company

Wyandotte Worsted Company

Wyman, L. M



York Manufacturing Company.
Totals



Location.



Lewiston. .
Portland. .
Waterville,
Yarmouth .



Biddef ord . .
Sanf ord . . . .
Camden. . . .
Springvale . .
Portland . . .

Warren

Van Buren.
Waterville. .



Lookes Mills.
Portland ....



Skowhegan .



Westbrook . . .

Dexter

Waterville. . .
Water\alle. . .

Sanf ord

Sabattus . . . .

Bangor

Portland . . . .
Portland . . . .
Winthrop. . .

Bath

Westbrook . . .
Lisbon Falls.
Waterville. . .
Portland



Saco.



-




6


8


3


7


_
-


1




1


-


1


6


8


66


144



1'
1

li

19l

2

18



644,



1
1
1
1

3

33
2

28
1
1
2
1

2

1



1
1
1
1
1
2
3
7
1
3
1
1
11
7
1

45

864



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LABOR AND INDUSTRY.



7Z



TABLE No. 3.

Whole Number of Minors Employed December
1, 1916, Classified According to Age.



Name of Firm.



Location.



14 to 14}
years.



14Hol5 15tol6
years. years,



Total.



Abbott, Amos Co

Adams, John C

American Chicle Co

American Clothing Co

American Woolen Co

American Woolen Co

American Woolen Co

American Woolen Co

American Woolen Co

Androscoggin Mills

Avon Spinning Co

Ayer, Houston & Co

Baker Bros

Barker Mill

Bass, G. H. & Co

Bates Manufacturing Co

Bates St. Shirt Co

Bath Iron Works

Baxter Paper Box Co

Berube, John

Blais. Joseph

Burnham & Morrill Co

Cabot Manufacturing Co

Camden Woolen Co

Columbia Woolen Co

Commonwealth Shoe A Leather Co.

Continental Mills

Continental Paper Bag Co

Corey, Albert, Mrs

Coronet Manufacturing Co

Crosman, G. A. & Son

Crossett, Lewis A., Inc

Cummings, David Company

Cushman-Hollis

Dana Warp Mills

Diamond Match Co

Eastman Bros. <& Bancroft

Eaton, C. A. Co

Edwards Manufacturing Co

E. I. du Pont de Nemours Co

Elmwood Hotel

Eustis, A. W. Co

Fairfield Furniture Co

Farwell Mills

Field Bros. «& Gross

Fortin, Joseph

Gannett, W. H. Pub. Co

Goodall Worsted Co

Gould, William, Mrs

Grand Lake Co

Grand Trunk Railroad Co

Green Bros. Co ? . .

Guite A Beard

Haskell SUk Co

Hathaway, C. F. Co

Hay, Charles M. Paint Co

Hazzard, R. P. Shoe Co

Hill Manufacturing Co

Hodsdon Manufacturing Co

Huston, T. A. 4& Co

James, Pamila S

Jordan Lumber Co

Kerrigan, T. W



Dexter

Portland ....
Portland ....

Portland

Hartland ....
Newport ....
No. Vassalboro
Old Town ....
Skowhegan. . .

Lewiston

Lewiston

Portland

Biddef ord ....

Auburn

Wilton

Lewiston

Lewiston

Bath

Brunswick. . . .
Waterville ....
Waterville. . . .

Portland

Brunswick. . . .

Camden

Lewiston

Gardiner

Lewiston

Rumf ord

Portland

Portland

Portland

Augusta

South Berwick

Auburn

Westbrook. . . .
Biddef ord. . . .

Portland

Augusta

Augusta

Standish

Waterville.. . .

Portland

Fairfield

Lisbon

Auburn

Waterville. . . .

Augusta

Sanf ord

Fairfield

Woodland ....

Portland

Waterville. . . .
Waterville. . . .
Westbrook. . . .
Waterville. . . .

Portland

Gardiner

Lewiston

Biddef ord ....

Auburn

Portland

Old Town

Lewiston



5
1

1
1
1
1
3
1
7

10
1
1
1
6
1

13
4
7
2
1
1
5

44
3
2
3

12
8
1
1
4
7
4

17

16
1
7
1

32
2
1
1
1
8

34
1
3

34
1
1
1
1
1
3
4
1
6
8
4
2
1
2
1



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74



LABOR AND INDUSTRY.

TABLE No. 3— Concluded.



Nams of Firm.



Location.



14 to 141
years.



14} to 15
years.



15 to 16
years.



Total.



Kimball, W. ik V. O

Laughlin, Thos. F. Co

Le Doux, Frank

Lewiston Bleachery A Dye Works .

Libby. W. 8. Co

Livermore Falls Glove Co

Lockwood Co

Lord,.I. F. A Sons

Lord, R. W. A Co

Loring, Short A Harmon

Lunn A Sweet Shoe Co

Maine Alpaca Co

Maine Spinning Co

Manufacturers Box Co

Marston A Brooks

Mathis, L. D. Co

Milford Bundle Wood Co

Monument Square Bowling Alleys.

Moore, Frank C

Morey, Charles C

Morison Woolen Co

Nelson, L. H. Co.



Calais. . . .
Portland .
Biddeford
Lewiston .
Lewiston .
Livermore Falls
Waterville
Portland. .
W. Kennebunk
Portland. .
Auburn. . .
Springvalc.
Skowhegan
Auburn. . .
Hallowell..
Bangor. . . .
Old Town.
Portland. .
Portland. .
Portland . .
Dexter ....
Portland



Newichawanick Co South Berwick.



Nissen, John J. Baking Co

O'Connor, C. G


Portland

Bangor

Portland


Owen, Moore A Co


Palmer, J. E. Co


Portland


Page, N. L. A Sons . .'


Auburn


Parker Spool A Bobbin Co

PepperellManufacturing Co

Pepperell Mfg. Co., Laconia Div . . .

Porteous, Mitchell A Braun

Portland Bowling Co


Lewiston

Biddeford

Biddeford

Portland

Portland


Portland Paper Box Co


Portland


Portland Shoe Manufacturing Co . . ,
Portland Terminal Co


Portland

Portland


Postal Telegraph-Cable Co

Postal Telegraph-Cable Co

Postal Telegraph-Cable Co

Rines Bros. Co


Bangor

Portland

Waterville

Portland


Saco-Lowell Machine Shops

Sanford Mills


Biddeford

Sanford


Sears-Roebuck Shoe Factories

Sears-Roebuck Shoe Factories

Snider, Joseph


Freeport

Spring vale

Biddeford ....


Somerset Shoe Co


Skowhegan ....


St Clair A Allen


Rockland ....


St. John Lumber Co


Van Buren


Tebbetts, E L., Spool Co


Locke's Mills.


Toohey, A. A


Portland


U. S. Bobbin A Shuttle Co

U. S. Pegwood A Shank Co

Wassokeas Woolen Co


Auburn

Brownville

Dexter . ,


Webster Woolen Co


Sabattus


Western Union Telegraph Co

Western Union Telegraph Co

Western Union Telegraph Co

Western Union Telegraph Co

Western Union Telegraph Co

Western Union Telegraph Co

Winthrop Mills Co


Auburn

Augusta

Bangor

Ft. Fairfield. . .

Old Town

Portland

Winthrop


Woolworth, F. W. Co


Bangor


Worumbo Manufacturing Co

Wyandotte Worsted Co


Lisbon Falls . . .
Waterville ....


Yankee Wood Turning Co


Livermore Falls


York Manufacturing Co


Saco


Totals









44



82



1

1
17
1
16
1
1
1
3
1

2

1
1
2



617



7

2

1

2

1

10

46

1

1

2

9

10

13

4

1

1

2

2

1

1

1

1

1

2

1

1

2

1

2

45

46

2

2

4

7

1

1

9

1

1

4

20

1

18

1

2

2

3

1

1

2

1

1

2

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LABOR AND INDUSTRY. 75

TABLE No. 4.

Shows Whole Number of Minors Between the
Ages of 14 and 16 Years Employed in the State
During Each Month of the Year Beginning
Dec. 1, 1915 and Ending December 1, 1916,
Qassif ied by Towns.



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REPORT OF

State Board of Arbitration
and Conciliation



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STATE OF MAINE.

Board of Arbitr.\tion and Conciliation.

Dkcembe^r I, 1916.
To the Governor and Council of the State of Maine:
Gentlemen : —

Complying with the requirements of Chapter 229 of the
Public Laws of 1909, and Chapter 143 of the Public Laws of
191 3, we have the honor to herewith submit the Report of the
State Board of Arbitration and Conciliation, for the two years,
ending December i, 1916.

Respectfully,

FREDERICK BOGUE,
REGINALD INGALLS",
A. M. FLAGG,
State Board of Arbitration and Conciliation,



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LABOR AND INDUSTRY. 79



REPORT.

Industrial controversies in this State, during the period
covered by this Report, with few exceptions, have resulted in
mutual adjustments of the questions involved. Industrial dif-
ferences, as a general rule, are of two kinds, those which involve
the question of hours and wages and those in which the prin-
cipal issue is the question of the "open" or "closed" shop policy.

Disputes affecting the wage scale are the more numerous and,
usually, the more easily adjusted. The parties in conferences
will oft times grant concessions that will bring about a settle-
ment of the various contentions.

When the question at issue includes the policy of the "open"
shop, as contended for by the employers or the "closed" shop
as sometimes demanded by the employees, the dispute involves
a matter of principle and is many times stoutly contested.

The continued advancing cost of living to all classes of people
has (been generally recognized and has brought about voluntary
increases in wages in many of the manufacturing and mercantile
establishments throughout the State. In other instances, when
the employees have as'ked for advances, they have met with
a refusal and strikes have resulted.

The services of the Board are tendered in all controversies
that come to their attention, no matter what the cause may be.
When the "open** or "closed" shop is the issue, the services are
sometimes promptly declined. But the interest of the Board
does not cease with the refusal to mediate. It endeavors to
bring the contending parties together for conferences and ad-
vises them to settle their differences by mutual concessions and
agreements.

During the past two years, in no instance, have the parties to
disputes agreed to leave the adjudication of their differences to
the Board, but we trust that its efforts have 'been of value to
the peace of the State and the welfare of the working people.

Hon. Samuel !R. Haines, member of the Board on the part of
the employers, since its organization, resigned in 191 5, to accept
a responsible position with the American Woolen Co., in Massa-



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8o LABOR AND INDUSTRY.

chusetts. He was a faithful and earnest advocate of con-
ciliation in all controversies with which he was concerned.
Hon. Reginald Ingalls, of Bar Harbor, was appointed to fill the
vacancy.

The Board desires to acknowledge their appreciation of the
services rendered by the Officers of the Department of Labor,
for their assistance and advice in several of the controversies.
Also to Hon. Wilfred G. Chapman, Mayor of the City of Port-
land, for his very prompt and energetic action in the settlement
of the Street Car strike, in that City.

Several strikes, mostly of short duration, were adjusted,
before they came to the attention of the Board.

Only the more important controversies with which the Board
was connected are made the subject of this Report.

United Paperboard Co., Fairfield.

In the mill of this company, in the latter part of April, 191 5,
a demand for an increase of wages, by the men employed in re-
moving the baric from the pulp-wood caused a strike affecting
from 175 to 200 men. They complained of unsanitary con-
ditions, the deduction of sums of money from their wages for
outside bills, without proper authority, etc. Serious trouible was
threatened.

The Board was able, after several conferences with manager
an-d the strikers, with the assistance and advice of the Commis-
sioner of Labor and the Sheriff of Somerset County, to bring
about an agreement, whereby the men returned to work with,
a substantial increase and a promise of better working con-
ditions.

Bates Manuj^acturing Co., Lewiston.
The agent of these mills announced in June, 191 5, that the


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