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Place your ruler as though you were going to draw a line

from the point where the flap begins to narrow to the other

side where the flap folds over. Hold the ruler in this

position while you measure % 6 of an inch from the point

where the flap narrows, (d) Mark this point, (e) In the

same way mark a point on the opposite side, (f) Draw

straight lines % 6 of an inch from the edge and extending

from the place where the flap turns over to the points

you have just made, (g) Connect the ends of these lines

with the point you made first.

3. Show another way in which you could decorate

such an envelope. In order to do this, draw the front

and back of the envelope as it would look after it was

decorated.

ARRANGED FOR INDIVIDUAL WORK 85

4. This is the pattern of another envelope that opens

at the side instead of the end. This could be used for

kodak films or pictures. For the pattern a piece of paper

about 9 inches by 12 inches is necessary, (a) The first

oblong should be placed about 3 inches from the top of

the paper. The long way is from side to side, and it

measures 7% inches. The other way it measures 4%

inches. The short lines are heavy. Draw this oblong.

(b) Measure % of an inch from the lines that are

4% inches long, and draw light lines at these distances.

(c) What are the measurements of the rectangle you have

just made? (d) The rectangle below this is exactly the

same size, and three of its sides will have heavy lines.

Draw this rectangle.

5. (a) Find the middle of the top line of the first

oblong. What is % of 7 inches! % of % of an inch?

Find the sum of these two. This will be the distance

from the dotted line to the middle point, (b) How far

will it be from this point to the outside line of this oblong?

(c) Extend the dotted lines, with heavy lines, 1% inches.

(d) From the ends of these lines to the point made in (a),

draw a part of a circle so that both sides will be rounded

alike.

6. (a) Cut out the pattern, (b) Fold over the little

oblongs that are 3 inches wide, (c) Fold the bottom oblong

over these, (d) Fold the top down, (e) Put the paste on

the little oblong and stick sides together by folding

squarely and keeping edges straight, (f) Draw some

kind of decoration on the flap.

7. Make one of these large envelopes out of manila

paper, water-color paper or of heavy colored paper and

decorate it in the way you like best.

86 SUGGESTIVE LESSONS IN NUMBERING

LESSON XXXVI.

HOW TO MAKE A PATTEEN FOB A TOY PIG.

1. (a) Draw a rectangle that is Sy 2 inches long and

3% inches wide, (b) Mark off half inches in both sides

and both ends, (c) Draw the lines that divide this rect-

angle into half -inch squares, (d) How many squares are

there in the first row? (e) How many rows? (f) How

many half -inch squares are there?

2. (a) Find the third row from the top and the first

square to the left. In the lower left-hand corner of this

square, make a point, (b) In the top row, fourth square

from the left, near the upper right-hand corner, make a

point, (e) In the upper row, sixth square from the right,

in the upper left-hand corner, make another point, (d)

Locate a point in the lower right-hand corner of the fourth

square from the right, top row.

3. (a) Find the square in the third row from the top

and third square from the right. Put a point in the

middle of the right-hand side of this square, (b) In the

fourth row, first square to the right, place a point in the

center of this square. Place another point about an eighth

of an inch above this and just a little to the right. Place

a third point in the upper left-hand corner of the square

below this one.

4. (a) In the second row from the bottom and the

second square from the right, place a point in the middle

of the left-hand side, (b) In the third square of this

same row, place a point that is below the middle of the

left-hand side, (c) Make a point in the middle of the left-

hand side of the sixth square from the right, second row

from the bottom, (d) In the ninth square of this same

ARRANGED FOR INDIVIDUAL WORK 87

row, make a point in the lower left-hand corner, (e)

Bottom row, fifth square from the left, make a point in

the middle of the right-hand side.

5. (a) Bottom row, second square from the left, make a

point in the upper right-hand corner, (b) Third row from

the bottom, first square to the left, make a point in the

lower right-hand corner, (c) Connect all these points you

have made with slightly curved lines. Practice putting in

these lines until the drawing looks like a pig.

6. (a) Place the eye below and to the right of the

center of the fourth square from the right and second

row from the top. (b) The place where the front leg is

attached is a point in the middle of the left side of the

sixth square from the right, third row from the bottom,

(c) In the same row, third square from the left, bottom

line near the lower right-hand corner, make the point for

the attachment of the other leg.

LESSON XXXVII.

Making the patterns for the legs and ears of the toy pig :

1. (a) Make a rectangle 6 inches by 3 inches. (b) Divide

this rectangle in %-inch squares, (c) How many squares

are there in the first row? (d) How many rows? (e) How

many small squares are there in the rectangle? (The long

way is at the top.)

2. (a) Just above the top line, beginning at the left-

hand side, number the squares 1, 2, 3, 4, etc. (b) Along

the left side, beginning at the top, letter each row a, b, c,

d, e, f, etc. (c) The first square in the upper left-hand

corner is la. Find 3 a, 10 a, 24 a, 2 d, 8 c, 7 b, 13 1, 19 k.

3. (a) Find 1 e ; place a point near the lower, left-hand

corner, (b) Find 6e; place a point near the lower, right-

88 SUGGESTIVE LESSONS IN NUMBERING

hand corner, (c) Find 3b; place a point near the upper,

right-hand corner, (d) Connect these three points with

a curved line.

4. (a) Find 3 j ; place a point near the upper, right-

hand corner, (b) Find 4k; place a point near the lower,

left-hand corner, (c) In 31, place a point in the lower,

right-hand corner, (d) In 81, place a point in lower,

right corner; in upper, right corner, (e) In 5 j, place a

point near upper, left corner, (f) Connect the points

you have made. There is a sharp turn at 4k. The place

for attachment is upper right of 3 e.

5. Place points at these places: (a) Upper, right cor-

ner 12 g; (b) near lower, left corner, lie; (c) near

upper, right, 14 a; (d) upper, right, 17 d; (e) upper, left,

17 i; (f) lower, right corner, 18 j ; (g) upper, left corner,

191; (h) lower, left corner, 191; (1) lower, right corner,

151; (m) center, 15 i. (n) Connect points you have made,

(o) The place for attachment is just above center 14 d.

6. Place points at : (a) Upper, right corner, 24 a ; (d)

upper, left corner, 24 g; (c) upper, center, 23 h; (d)

upper, left corner, 22 f; (e) upper, right corner, 22 c;

(f ) upper, right corner, 23 a. (g) Connect points you

have made, (h) The point for attachment is center 23 f.

7. When you are satisfied with your outlines, cut to

shape with sharp scissors. You will need one body, two

front legs, two hind legs and two ears.

8. These pigs may be made from heavy pasteboard

or wood. Lay your pattern on either material and trace

carefully around it. If the pig is made from pasteboard

or cardboard, the parts can be fastened together with pins ;

if wood is used, round head screws are better to fasten

ears and legs to the body. These pigs should be colored

or painted to suit your own ideas. The tail is put on

ARRANGED FOR INDIVIDUAL WORK 89

with color or paint. Use washers between all movable

parts, as they will operate more easily.

9. Mount the toy pig on a cart, (a) Use squared

paper (as you did in the other patterns) to lay out the

wheels. Be careful they are the same distance from side

to side and top to bottom. Why? (b) What else must

be true of them? (c) How can you make them perfectly

round? Always measure from the center to the outer edge

to get location of points for outside of wheel. Make your

pattern exactly true. (If you have a pair of compasses

or dividers, the circles can be easily made.)

LESSON XXXVIK.

How to get the right size in sketching a person: The

human figure is about eight times its own head length

(not counting the hair). Distance between finger tips,

with arms outstretched, is equal to the height. (Measure

one of your friends to see if this is true. Have some

one measure you.) Make a plate to show human pro-

portions.

1. (a) Near the middle of the paper make eight dotted

lines about three inches in length that are just one inch

apart, (b) One inch below the last dotted line make a

heavy line that is the same length as the others, (c)

Beginning with the bottom, number the spaces 1, 2, 3,

4, etc.

2. (a) Beginning at the middle of the dotted line

between the fourth and fifth spaces, draw a heavy line

that crosses the fifth, sixth and seventh spaces, (b) In

the eighth space draw a flattened-out circle to represent

the head, (c) Divide this head into four equal divisions

(use short dotted lines), (d) Find one-third of the width

90 SUGGESTIVE LESSONS IN NUMBERING

of the seventh space, two-thirds. Put a little mark in

the % down in space 7 to show the neck, (d) Mark the

second third with a large point. From this point draw

lines both to the right and to the left, each % inch in

length. Put small circles at the outer ends, and use heavy

points to join the lines and the circles. These form the

shoulder line.

3. (a) Make small circles on the dotted line at the

bottom of the sixth space that are % inch from the main

body line that you drew first. These circles are the elbows

and come just at the waist line, (b) Connect these circles

with those at the end of the shoulder line. (Always use

the large points for this purpose.)

4. (a) The pelvis line is just % way up and down.

Find the dotted line upon which it is drawn, (b) It is

1% times the length of the head. What is its length?

How -long is it on either side of the body line? Use

circles to end these lines, (c) The circles for the wrists

are a little below the pelvis line (% inch) and are 1%

inches apart. How far would each be from the center of

the figure? Join wrists and elbow circles.

5. (a) The knees are just half way between the pelvis

and the ground. Make these circles % inch apart. Join

these circles with those at the end of the pelvis line,

(b) Measure up % of bottom space for the ankle circles.

They are a quarter of an inch apart, (c) Draw lines from

these circles that come together on the ground line, (d)

Draw other lines from these circles that meet the ground

line % inch from the point made in (c). The finger tips

end at % of the distance across space 4. Make a point

at this place which is directly under the wrist circle.

Draw the line (d). (Complete the hand by making other

two sides of a triangle short sides toward body.

ARRANGED FOR INDIVIDUAL WORK 91

6. Use this description to make pattern for a paper

doll, (a) Sketch in the neck and shoulders, (b) Show

how wide you will make the trunk; the arms; the legs.

(c) Cut out paper doll.

LESSON XXXIX.

In sketching people, it is well to know this table:

18-year-old (adult) 8 head lengths

14-year-old 7% head lengths

10-year-old 6% head lengths

6-year-old 5% head lengths

2-year-old 5 head lengths

1. (a) Measure the length of the head of an adult.

His height is how many times this length? (b) Find his

height. Measure his height to see if your answer is about

right, (c) Measure the length of the head of a 10-year-old

boy. His height is how many times this length? Find his

height. Measure his height to show how nearly correct

your answer is.

2. (a) Measure the length of the head of a 14-year-old

girl. Her height is how many times this length? (b) Find

her height. Find her height by measuring, (c) Measure

the length of the head of a six-year-old girl. What shall

you multiply by to find her height? (d) What is 5%

times the length of her head? Measure this girl to see

how tall she really is.

3. (a) If an adult measured 6 feet in height, what part

of a foot would his head length be? (b) This would

equal how many inches? (c) If you were drawing this

person to the scale of 1 in. = 1 ft., how long would the

drawing be? (d) How long would the head in the draw-

ing be?

92 SUGGESTIVE LESSONS IN NUMBERING

4. If a two-year-old child measures 2% feet, what

should be the length of his head? (b) 2% feet equal

how many half feet? (b) The height of a two-year-old

child is how many times its head length? (c) What is

% of 5 half feet? One-half foot equals how many inches?

(d) The length of a two-year-old child's head is.. inches.

(e) If you were drawing this child to the scale of

1 in. = 1 ft., how long should your drawing be? (f)

What. would be the length of the head in this drawing?

How to make a picture of all five of these ages on the

same paper:

5. (a) Take a sheet of paper 8" by 10". Measure up

from the bottom % inch on each side of the paper. Draw

a heavy line across the paper at this place, but stop

within % inch of each side, (b) Measure off a distance

of iy inches from the left-hand side of the paper. Place

your ruler this distance from the edge and, beginning

at the heavy line, draw a light line that is 8 inches long,

(c) Mark this last line off into inch length, (d) Follow

the instructions given in last lesson, and use this line to

construct the figure of a full-grown person. How large

is the head? Across which spaces do you draw the trunk

line? Where is the neck located? The shoulder line?

(e) How long is the shoulder line? (f) How far apart

are the elbows in your drawing?

LESSON XL.

1. (a) Measure off a distance of 1^4 inches from the

right-hand side of the paper. Place your ruler this distance

from the edge and, beginning at the heavy line near the

paper, draw a light line 3% inches long, (b) 3% inches

equal how many eighth inches? (c) What is % of this

ARRANGED FOR INDIVIDUAL WORK 93

number? (d) In making five equal spaces on a line

inches long, each space is ________________ inch wide, (e) Divide

this line 3% inches into five spaces, each % inch wide.

2. On this line make the figure of a two-year-old child

by following the directions given in Lesson XXXVIII.

Make the shoulder lines % inch long on each side of the

trunk line, and the pelvis line is *4 inch on each side

of the trunk line.

3. (a) Place your ruler so that the edge will come at

the very top (in the middle) of the head of the adult

and also at the very top (in the middle) of the head of

the two-year-old child, (b) Now hold it steady while you

draw a broken line (light) from one of these points to

the other, (c) Now place your ruler so that it will come

at the bottom of the head of the adult and at the bottom

of the head of the two-year-old child. Sketch lightly

another broken line at this place, (d) Place your ruler

so that it comes at the point where the shoulder line

crosses the trunk line of the adult and also of the child.

Draw a broken line in between these points, (e) Connect

the circles that represent the left-hand shoulders with a

broken line, (f) Those that represent the left elbows.

(g) The left wrists, (h) The left knees, (i) The ankles.

4. (a) Measure the distance from the point between

the feet of the adult to the point between the feet of the

child, (b) What is one-half of this number? (c) Show

on the heavy line at the bottom of the paper where this

point would be. (d) Place your ruler so that it makes a

square corner at this point, draw a broken line from this

point to the broken line drawn from the tops of the heads.

(e) Draw a head for another figure on this line. (It will

come between the line drawn at the top of the head and

the one at the bottom of the head.) (f) Draw a broken

94 SUGGESTIVE LESSONS IN NUMBERING

line from the right shoulder of the adult to the right

shoulder of the child. This locates the right shoulder of

this figure. The line already drawn from the left shoulder

of the one to the left shoulder of the other, locates the

left shoulder of this figure, (g) Do you see how to locate

the right elbow? The left elbow? The right hip? The

left hip? Complete the figure. It will represent a 10-year-

old child.

5. (a) Find the middle of the space on the heavy line

at the bottom between the adult and the 10-year-old, (b)

Draw a broken line from this point to the top head-line,

(c) On this line draw the figure of a 14-year-old.

6. (a) Find the middle of the space (on the heavy line

at the bottom) between the 10-year-old and the 2-year-old.

(b) Draw a line from this point to the top head-line.

(c) On this line draw the figure of a 6-year-old, (d)

Under the heavy line at the bottom name each one "2 yrs.,"

"6 yrs.," "10 yrs.," 14 yrs.," "18 yrs."

7. (a) On another sheet of paper draw any one of these

figures dressed in a clown suit, (b) Color to suit your-

self.

8. (a) Select one of these to make a pattern for a

Jumping Jack, (b) Cut out a body, (c) Cut arms and

legs, (d) Fasten them to the body with pins.

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YC. 15134

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UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA LIBRARY

from the point where the flap begins to narrow to the other

side where the flap folds over. Hold the ruler in this

position while you measure % 6 of an inch from the point

where the flap narrows, (d) Mark this point, (e) In the

same way mark a point on the opposite side, (f) Draw

straight lines % 6 of an inch from the edge and extending

from the place where the flap turns over to the points

you have just made, (g) Connect the ends of these lines

with the point you made first.

3. Show another way in which you could decorate

such an envelope. In order to do this, draw the front

and back of the envelope as it would look after it was

decorated.

ARRANGED FOR INDIVIDUAL WORK 85

4. This is the pattern of another envelope that opens

at the side instead of the end. This could be used for

kodak films or pictures. For the pattern a piece of paper

about 9 inches by 12 inches is necessary, (a) The first

oblong should be placed about 3 inches from the top of

the paper. The long way is from side to side, and it

measures 7% inches. The other way it measures 4%

inches. The short lines are heavy. Draw this oblong.

(b) Measure % of an inch from the lines that are

4% inches long, and draw light lines at these distances.

(c) What are the measurements of the rectangle you have

just made? (d) The rectangle below this is exactly the

same size, and three of its sides will have heavy lines.

Draw this rectangle.

5. (a) Find the middle of the top line of the first

oblong. What is % of 7 inches! % of % of an inch?

Find the sum of these two. This will be the distance

from the dotted line to the middle point, (b) How far

will it be from this point to the outside line of this oblong?

(c) Extend the dotted lines, with heavy lines, 1% inches.

(d) From the ends of these lines to the point made in (a),

draw a part of a circle so that both sides will be rounded

alike.

6. (a) Cut out the pattern, (b) Fold over the little

oblongs that are 3 inches wide, (c) Fold the bottom oblong

over these, (d) Fold the top down, (e) Put the paste on

the little oblong and stick sides together by folding

squarely and keeping edges straight, (f) Draw some

kind of decoration on the flap.

7. Make one of these large envelopes out of manila

paper, water-color paper or of heavy colored paper and

decorate it in the way you like best.

86 SUGGESTIVE LESSONS IN NUMBERING

LESSON XXXVI.

HOW TO MAKE A PATTEEN FOB A TOY PIG.

1. (a) Draw a rectangle that is Sy 2 inches long and

3% inches wide, (b) Mark off half inches in both sides

and both ends, (c) Draw the lines that divide this rect-

angle into half -inch squares, (d) How many squares are

there in the first row? (e) How many rows? (f) How

many half -inch squares are there?

2. (a) Find the third row from the top and the first

square to the left. In the lower left-hand corner of this

square, make a point, (b) In the top row, fourth square

from the left, near the upper right-hand corner, make a

point, (e) In the upper row, sixth square from the right,

in the upper left-hand corner, make another point, (d)

Locate a point in the lower right-hand corner of the fourth

square from the right, top row.

3. (a) Find the square in the third row from the top

and third square from the right. Put a point in the

middle of the right-hand side of this square, (b) In the

fourth row, first square to the right, place a point in the

center of this square. Place another point about an eighth

of an inch above this and just a little to the right. Place

a third point in the upper left-hand corner of the square

below this one.

4. (a) In the second row from the bottom and the

second square from the right, place a point in the middle

of the left-hand side, (b) In the third square of this

same row, place a point that is below the middle of the

left-hand side, (c) Make a point in the middle of the left-

hand side of the sixth square from the right, second row

from the bottom, (d) In the ninth square of this same

ARRANGED FOR INDIVIDUAL WORK 87

row, make a point in the lower left-hand corner, (e)

Bottom row, fifth square from the left, make a point in

the middle of the right-hand side.

5. (a) Bottom row, second square from the left, make a

point in the upper right-hand corner, (b) Third row from

the bottom, first square to the left, make a point in the

lower right-hand corner, (c) Connect all these points you

have made with slightly curved lines. Practice putting in

these lines until the drawing looks like a pig.

6. (a) Place the eye below and to the right of the

center of the fourth square from the right and second

row from the top. (b) The place where the front leg is

attached is a point in the middle of the left side of the

sixth square from the right, third row from the bottom,

(c) In the same row, third square from the left, bottom

line near the lower right-hand corner, make the point for

the attachment of the other leg.

LESSON XXXVII.

Making the patterns for the legs and ears of the toy pig :

1. (a) Make a rectangle 6 inches by 3 inches. (b) Divide

this rectangle in %-inch squares, (c) How many squares

are there in the first row? (d) How many rows? (e) How

many small squares are there in the rectangle? (The long

way is at the top.)

2. (a) Just above the top line, beginning at the left-

hand side, number the squares 1, 2, 3, 4, etc. (b) Along

the left side, beginning at the top, letter each row a, b, c,

d, e, f, etc. (c) The first square in the upper left-hand

corner is la. Find 3 a, 10 a, 24 a, 2 d, 8 c, 7 b, 13 1, 19 k.

3. (a) Find 1 e ; place a point near the lower, left-hand

corner, (b) Find 6e; place a point near the lower, right-

88 SUGGESTIVE LESSONS IN NUMBERING

hand corner, (c) Find 3b; place a point near the upper,

right-hand corner, (d) Connect these three points with

a curved line.

4. (a) Find 3 j ; place a point near the upper, right-

hand corner, (b) Find 4k; place a point near the lower,

left-hand corner, (c) In 31, place a point in the lower,

right-hand corner, (d) In 81, place a point in lower,

right corner; in upper, right corner, (e) In 5 j, place a

point near upper, left corner, (f) Connect the points

you have made. There is a sharp turn at 4k. The place

for attachment is upper right of 3 e.

5. Place points at these places: (a) Upper, right cor-

ner 12 g; (b) near lower, left corner, lie; (c) near

upper, right, 14 a; (d) upper, right, 17 d; (e) upper, left,

17 i; (f) lower, right corner, 18 j ; (g) upper, left corner,

191; (h) lower, left corner, 191; (1) lower, right corner,

151; (m) center, 15 i. (n) Connect points you have made,

(o) The place for attachment is just above center 14 d.

6. Place points at : (a) Upper, right corner, 24 a ; (d)

upper, left corner, 24 g; (c) upper, center, 23 h; (d)

upper, left corner, 22 f; (e) upper, right corner, 22 c;

(f ) upper, right corner, 23 a. (g) Connect points you

have made, (h) The point for attachment is center 23 f.

7. When you are satisfied with your outlines, cut to

shape with sharp scissors. You will need one body, two

front legs, two hind legs and two ears.

8. These pigs may be made from heavy pasteboard

or wood. Lay your pattern on either material and trace

carefully around it. If the pig is made from pasteboard

or cardboard, the parts can be fastened together with pins ;

if wood is used, round head screws are better to fasten

ears and legs to the body. These pigs should be colored

or painted to suit your own ideas. The tail is put on

ARRANGED FOR INDIVIDUAL WORK 89

with color or paint. Use washers between all movable

parts, as they will operate more easily.

9. Mount the toy pig on a cart, (a) Use squared

paper (as you did in the other patterns) to lay out the

wheels. Be careful they are the same distance from side

to side and top to bottom. Why? (b) What else must

be true of them? (c) How can you make them perfectly

round? Always measure from the center to the outer edge

to get location of points for outside of wheel. Make your

pattern exactly true. (If you have a pair of compasses

or dividers, the circles can be easily made.)

LESSON XXXVIK.

How to get the right size in sketching a person: The

human figure is about eight times its own head length

(not counting the hair). Distance between finger tips,

with arms outstretched, is equal to the height. (Measure

one of your friends to see if this is true. Have some

one measure you.) Make a plate to show human pro-

portions.

1. (a) Near the middle of the paper make eight dotted

lines about three inches in length that are just one inch

apart, (b) One inch below the last dotted line make a

heavy line that is the same length as the others, (c)

Beginning with the bottom, number the spaces 1, 2, 3,

4, etc.

2. (a) Beginning at the middle of the dotted line

between the fourth and fifth spaces, draw a heavy line

that crosses the fifth, sixth and seventh spaces, (b) In

the eighth space draw a flattened-out circle to represent

the head, (c) Divide this head into four equal divisions

(use short dotted lines), (d) Find one-third of the width

90 SUGGESTIVE LESSONS IN NUMBERING

of the seventh space, two-thirds. Put a little mark in

the % down in space 7 to show the neck, (d) Mark the

second third with a large point. From this point draw

lines both to the right and to the left, each % inch in

length. Put small circles at the outer ends, and use heavy

points to join the lines and the circles. These form the

shoulder line.

3. (a) Make small circles on the dotted line at the

bottom of the sixth space that are % inch from the main

body line that you drew first. These circles are the elbows

and come just at the waist line, (b) Connect these circles

with those at the end of the shoulder line. (Always use

the large points for this purpose.)

4. (a) The pelvis line is just % way up and down.

Find the dotted line upon which it is drawn, (b) It is

1% times the length of the head. What is its length?

How -long is it on either side of the body line? Use

circles to end these lines, (c) The circles for the wrists

are a little below the pelvis line (% inch) and are 1%

inches apart. How far would each be from the center of

the figure? Join wrists and elbow circles.

5. (a) The knees are just half way between the pelvis

and the ground. Make these circles % inch apart. Join

these circles with those at the end of the pelvis line,

(b) Measure up % of bottom space for the ankle circles.

They are a quarter of an inch apart, (c) Draw lines from

these circles that come together on the ground line, (d)

Draw other lines from these circles that meet the ground

line % inch from the point made in (c). The finger tips

end at % of the distance across space 4. Make a point

at this place which is directly under the wrist circle.

Draw the line (d). (Complete the hand by making other

two sides of a triangle short sides toward body.

ARRANGED FOR INDIVIDUAL WORK 91

6. Use this description to make pattern for a paper

doll, (a) Sketch in the neck and shoulders, (b) Show

how wide you will make the trunk; the arms; the legs.

(c) Cut out paper doll.

LESSON XXXIX.

In sketching people, it is well to know this table:

18-year-old (adult) 8 head lengths

14-year-old 7% head lengths

10-year-old 6% head lengths

6-year-old 5% head lengths

2-year-old 5 head lengths

1. (a) Measure the length of the head of an adult.

His height is how many times this length? (b) Find his

height. Measure his height to see if your answer is about

right, (c) Measure the length of the head of a 10-year-old

boy. His height is how many times this length? Find his

height. Measure his height to show how nearly correct

your answer is.

2. (a) Measure the length of the head of a 14-year-old

girl. Her height is how many times this length? (b) Find

her height. Find her height by measuring, (c) Measure

the length of the head of a six-year-old girl. What shall

you multiply by to find her height? (d) What is 5%

times the length of her head? Measure this girl to see

how tall she really is.

3. (a) If an adult measured 6 feet in height, what part

of a foot would his head length be? (b) This would

equal how many inches? (c) If you were drawing this

person to the scale of 1 in. = 1 ft., how long would the

drawing be? (d) How long would the head in the draw-

ing be?

92 SUGGESTIVE LESSONS IN NUMBERING

4. If a two-year-old child measures 2% feet, what

should be the length of his head? (b) 2% feet equal

how many half feet? (b) The height of a two-year-old

child is how many times its head length? (c) What is

% of 5 half feet? One-half foot equals how many inches?

(d) The length of a two-year-old child's head is.. inches.

(e) If you were drawing this child to the scale of

1 in. = 1 ft., how long should your drawing be? (f)

What. would be the length of the head in this drawing?

How to make a picture of all five of these ages on the

same paper:

5. (a) Take a sheet of paper 8" by 10". Measure up

from the bottom % inch on each side of the paper. Draw

a heavy line across the paper at this place, but stop

within % inch of each side, (b) Measure off a distance

of iy inches from the left-hand side of the paper. Place

your ruler this distance from the edge and, beginning

at the heavy line, draw a light line that is 8 inches long,

(c) Mark this last line off into inch length, (d) Follow

the instructions given in last lesson, and use this line to

construct the figure of a full-grown person. How large

is the head? Across which spaces do you draw the trunk

line? Where is the neck located? The shoulder line?

(e) How long is the shoulder line? (f) How far apart

are the elbows in your drawing?

LESSON XL.

1. (a) Measure off a distance of 1^4 inches from the

right-hand side of the paper. Place your ruler this distance

from the edge and, beginning at the heavy line near the

paper, draw a light line 3% inches long, (b) 3% inches

equal how many eighth inches? (c) What is % of this

ARRANGED FOR INDIVIDUAL WORK 93

number? (d) In making five equal spaces on a line

inches long, each space is ________________ inch wide, (e) Divide

this line 3% inches into five spaces, each % inch wide.

2. On this line make the figure of a two-year-old child

by following the directions given in Lesson XXXVIII.

Make the shoulder lines % inch long on each side of the

trunk line, and the pelvis line is *4 inch on each side

of the trunk line.

3. (a) Place your ruler so that the edge will come at

the very top (in the middle) of the head of the adult

and also at the very top (in the middle) of the head of

the two-year-old child, (b) Now hold it steady while you

draw a broken line (light) from one of these points to

the other, (c) Now place your ruler so that it will come

at the bottom of the head of the adult and at the bottom

of the head of the two-year-old child. Sketch lightly

another broken line at this place, (d) Place your ruler

so that it comes at the point where the shoulder line

crosses the trunk line of the adult and also of the child.

Draw a broken line in between these points, (e) Connect

the circles that represent the left-hand shoulders with a

broken line, (f) Those that represent the left elbows.

(g) The left wrists, (h) The left knees, (i) The ankles.

4. (a) Measure the distance from the point between

the feet of the adult to the point between the feet of the

child, (b) What is one-half of this number? (c) Show

on the heavy line at the bottom of the paper where this

point would be. (d) Place your ruler so that it makes a

square corner at this point, draw a broken line from this

point to the broken line drawn from the tops of the heads.

(e) Draw a head for another figure on this line. (It will

come between the line drawn at the top of the head and

the one at the bottom of the head.) (f) Draw a broken

94 SUGGESTIVE LESSONS IN NUMBERING

line from the right shoulder of the adult to the right

shoulder of the child. This locates the right shoulder of

this figure. The line already drawn from the left shoulder

of the one to the left shoulder of the other, locates the

left shoulder of this figure, (g) Do you see how to locate

the right elbow? The left elbow? The right hip? The

left hip? Complete the figure. It will represent a 10-year-

old child.

5. (a) Find the middle of the space on the heavy line

at the bottom between the adult and the 10-year-old, (b)

Draw a broken line from this point to the top head-line,

(c) On this line draw the figure of a 14-year-old.

6. (a) Find the middle of the space (on the heavy line

at the bottom) between the 10-year-old and the 2-year-old.

(b) Draw a line from this point to the top head-line.

(c) On this line draw the figure of a 6-year-old, (d)

Under the heavy line at the bottom name each one "2 yrs.,"

"6 yrs.," "10 yrs.," 14 yrs.," "18 yrs."

7. (a) On another sheet of paper draw any one of these

figures dressed in a clown suit, (b) Color to suit your-

self.

8. (a) Select one of these to make a pattern for a

Jumping Jack, (b) Cut out a body, (c) Cut arms and

legs, (d) Fasten them to the body with pins.

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YC. 15134

21,1908

492236

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA LIBRARY

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