Marion Morrison.

A history of the Ninth Regiment, Illinois Volunteer Infantry online

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'Lieut. Clemens, N. G. Poraine, John B. Russell, E. B. Rhoads, Wm.
Hampton, John J. White, (afterwards died,) John W. Brown, Wm. L.
Brown. X. G. Brown, Henry Brown, John J, Zippy, John J. Stripling,
Win. 11. Bradley, Win. Addison, Lewis R, Appfegate Robert Marshall,
Daniel Ryan, Thos. Stotlar, A. B. Suttin, W. S. White, John McCord,
Lewis Wis-e, Jun,, Allen Edwards, S. P, Hartsell, Charles Tfit Miller,
Beunet iStrotlar. In*all, 26 wounded.

COMPANY K.Zilkd, Sergt. Francis D. Hubbel, Will. R. Haller,
Daniel C, White, Thos. Wright. In all, 4 killed. Wounded, Captain
W. F. Armstrong, Sergts, Daniel Pentzer and Jacob Miller, Privates
Nickolaus Keller, Alonze R McEwen, Paul Roberts, Jas. W. Osborn ;
Sidney B. Phillips, John Arny, Wm. Boldeman, Dennis Bahon, Chas;*
Biernbrier, Wm. S, Cheeaey, Wm. A. Cottmgham, Ira G. Dart, John
Droesch, Thos. Fry, Will. H. Ilsley, Wm. Keep, John B. Livingood,
John F. Moore, Patrick Mogneham, Layfayette Mason, Jas. S. McGuil-
lion. Edward NaU, George Ralph, Francis M. Shekel, Almon D.g^p^
mons, Jos. E. Taulber, Moses H, Turner, Patrick Whalen, ErSRs
Gaw, Jas. A. Clotpelter, George H, Dry, John Salzmann, and Daniel
C. Carrier. In all, 36 wounded.

COMPANY I. Killed, Nathan Abbot, John Bass, Reegon Edw
John N. Larance and Frederick Swartz. In aM^illed. Wo
Captain Jos. G. Robinson, 1st Lieutenant Win. BT.' Purviance, ,^.
W. W. Jarvis, Corp.'G. W. Stice, Privates John Baird, Norman Barber,
Isaiah Bery, G. W. Clark, Thomas C. Gillhana, Wm. Helms, Thomas
Hauskins, John Jaka, S. B. Jarvis, Chas. C. Lewis, Albert Mills, Geo.
McKinley, Chas. A, Redman, John Wilson and Henry Wormyer. In
all, 19 wounded.

COMPANY K.Kilkd, George Sloan, Wm, Foster, Jas. L, Kriddler,
Thos. Walton. In all, 4 killed. Wounded, John I^hmond, Samuel
W. Sloan, Geo. W. Burton, Sen., Geo. W. Burton, Wn., John Burke,
has. W. Boles, Henderson Cogdall, John L. Creed, John Clifford,
Win. A. Carding, Frank . Cogles, John Horn, Thos. J. Hagler, Laru
May, SanTl L. Miller, Robert E. Ramsey, Jonathan Stone, and Chas-
L. TomlinsoH. In all, 18 wounded.

The terrible conflict which was endured by the 9th 111. loft., in thii
battle, will be seen from the number of killed and wounded. There was
present for duty when the Regiment went into the engagement, 57U
tnen. Of these 348 were killed and wounded, and ten were captured.
One commissioned officer was killed, and 19 wounded, Only^A
[3]




M A HISTORY OF

"

commissioned officers were left unhurt. I heard one of the soldiers
who was present at the time, say, that when they ceased fighting on.
Sabbath evening, there were 70 men in line for duty, out of the whole
Regiment. It is said that Col. Mersy, when the Regiment was first
drawn up in line after the battle was over, shed tears, saying. "Vel,
vel; dis is all dat is left of my little Nint!" It must have been a sad
sight to see a, Regiment,, which numbered over 1,000 men when at
Paducfp a few months previous, cut down to this snmll number. But
such^is war.

Such was the battle of Shiloh, and such the part taken in it by the,
9th 111. Inft. The writer well remembers the feeling which prevailed
in the North with reference to it. There was rejoicing over it as a
victory. Still it was regarded as a dearly bought victory. There was
^a very decided feeling that somebody was at fault. That the rebels
had completely surprised our army. That our pickets were out but a
very short distance. Hence, the surprise. Gen. Grant, as chief in
command, was faulted. It was charged that he was drunk at the time,
ic had disobeyed orders, and landed his men ,on the wrong side
river, etc. I heard a citizen of Chicago, not a month ago. say
that if Gen. Grant had made his " appearance in Chicago immediately
after the battle of Shiloh, he would have been mobbed, such was the
Deling of indignation s

here to write a defense of Gen. Grant. Nor is it
career since that, has set him right in the
of The peo^^^ A man who has captured more prisoners and
more guns than the world-renowned warrior, Napoleon Bonaparte.. cer-
tainly does not need r at this day, a, written defense of his military career.
.Suffice it to say. the officers and liiea who fought under him, even at
Shiloh, become restless If a word is said' against him.

Immediately after this battle, Gen. Halleck, who had charge of the
South-Western Department of the army, with his "Head- Quarter^" at
4t. Louis, left tSt place for the field of strife and took coming^ of
the army in person. Expectation was high in the North. It was
thought that now surely the rebels will be " pushed to the wall/' Never
since the war broke out, has there been such intense anxiety in the
North-w;est, as that which filled *he public mind during the time which
^intervened between the battle of Shiloh and the evacuation of Corinth.
Many hearts were sad over friends who fell at Shiloh. fcvery
days' news was anxiously awaited, expecting it to bring- an account of
another terrible conflict. The suspense was long and painful. When
lews finally came that Corinth was ours, but that the enemy had




rojace
^^Hpl

ople.



THE NINTH REGIMENT. 35

evacuated it, there was a feeling of sadness ran through the public
mind. They were not prepared for that. They were prepared to hear
of many slain in the effort to take Corinth, but not to hear that the
enemy had fled and was out of reach.

The 9th 111. Inft. remained in camp on the battle-ground of Shiloh.
-.id to all the sickening influences of the nearness of so many dead
animals, as well as offensive odor arising from the shallow and imperfect
burial, which necessarily had to be given to so great a multitude
of dead. In conversation with a citizen from Illinois, who visited the
battle-ground a week or ten clays after the battle, I learned from him
that the offensive smell of the dead wa^ almost insufferable. That,
together with the diet upon which the soldiers had to live, produced
disease to an alarming extent. Here the Regiment remained in camp
until the 29th of April, over three weeks. On that day it removed,
with camp and garrison equipage, towards Corinth ten miles, and
bivouacked. It moved forward again on the 80th, five miles further,
and we tit into camp. Here the Regiment had muster and inspection
by Col. Mersy commanding.

Here Brig. Gen. R. J. Oglesby took command r of our Brigade
place of Col. Me Arthur who was severely wounded in the late battle,
Brig. Gen. T. A. Davies took command of our Division, in place of ^^Atfj
Gen. Yv r . H. L. Wallace who was mortally wounded.

On the first of May,. moved camp five miles fuijjjfcjfcowards Corinth, **j
and remained there until the 4th of May. OipHP day removed^
Monterey. Miss., and went into e:iwp a little West of that town, and
remained there until the 8th < , hen another forward movemen.t

was made, to within seven miles of (fcrinth, findir% no enemy.

The country here is very poor and broken, and water very scarce and
unfit for use. A great many of the men were sick with the Diarrhea
and Typhoid Fever.^ The Regiment remained here until the 14th of
May, when it movewtwo mile^furlher in the direction.. of Corinth.

Tlfc Division moved Arward again on the 16th, about one mile, and
formed a line, with Brig. Gen. Hurlbut.'s Mvision on our right. Ou
Al 3 17th, moved forward again one mile, ana one-half mile on the 19th.
This -brought our line within two and a-half miles of Corinth, and within

pgc of 32-pounder rilled guns. None were fired, however, ttfhd the
plain inference was, that the enemy had none. On the 21st of
our lino advanced 400 yards, and again on the 29th 400 yards more.
The pressure now became so heavy, that the enemy evacuated Corinth,
and moved Southward toward Okolona.

Thus it will be seen, our army was just one month moving from






36 . A HISTORY Of .

Pittsburg Landing to Corinth, a distance of about thirty miles.
one mile per day. And this after having remained 22 days in' c
before leaving the battle-ground. This, too, in pursuit of a fleeing
enemy. It will be difficult ever to convince the country that this great
delay was necessary. And yet many military men, who were present,
regard it as a master-piece of Generalship. The country through which
this vast army must pass, was entirely uncultivated. Jso army could
have subsisted in it, even for a few days. Had our army advanced
rapidly, they were exposed to a flank movement which would have
thrown the enemy between them and the river, and cut off, as a natural
consequence, our supplies. That done, and our whole army would have
been at the mercy of the enemy. There was certainly great caution.
But it was thought it was all needed.

When an advance was made, after halting, in an incredibly short
time, breast-works were thrown up to prepare for an attack. It is
amusing, even now, to hear the boys laughing at their expertness vih
the spade. They all turned out to be pretty good Irishmen, so far as
the use of the spade is concerned.

^Immediately upon the evacuation of Corinth, Gen. Davies' Division,
to which the 9th 111. Inft. belonged, was ordered, with Gen. Pope's
army, in pursuit of the fleeing enemy. The rapidity with which that
pursuit was prosecuted, will be seen frohi the following record of our
daily marches.- jjjt to be wondered at that they were not overtaken?
At the first dayHLoved out five miles, and bivouacked for the night
near Farmington. Moved forward again on the 31st, three miles, and
went into camp on the Mobile and Ohio Railroad. Here we remained
in camp until the 5th. of June.

The following events occurred while in camp here: On the 1st of
June ths Regiment was paid for the months of January, February,
March and April, 1862.

On the 2d of June commissions arrived as follows : First Lieut.
James C. McClery, to be Captain Co. K; 2d Lieut. G. G. Low, to be
1st Lieut. Co. K; and Irfergt. James Oats, to be 2d Lieut. Co* K.
Sergeant Mallmann, to be 2d Lieut. Co. B; and Sergt. Gottlab, to be
2d Lieut. Co. A.

On the 5th of June we again moved forward, eight miles, and went
nto camp. On the 6th, moved forward and went, into camp near
Booriville, Miss. Here we remained until the 12th of June. General
Davies, commander of the Division, being absent on sick-leave, General
Oglesby w,as in command of the Division; Col. Mersy of the Brigade,
and Major Kuha of the Regiment.






THE NINTH REGIMENT. 37



12th of June, the Regiment moved on its return towards
CoriiJP, fifteen miles," and went into camp. On the 13th, moved again
and occupied its old camping ground two and a-half miles south of
Corinth.*

On the 17th of June, Col. Wright, of the 22d Ohio, being senior
Colonel, relieved Col. Mersy of the command of the Brigade, and Col.
Mersy went home on sick-leave.

The Regiment remained in camp here until August 16th, 1862.
During this time the following changes occurred: Captain Webb re-
fiigned, and his resignation was'accepted July 15th, 1862.' Lieutenant
Purvianee, of Co. I, was discharged August 16th, for inability from
wounds received in action at Srnloh.

On the 16th of August, in compliance with orders from Gen. Davies,
Divis'um commander, the Regiment 'moved, with camp and garrison^
equipage, to llienzi, and reported for duty to Brig. Gen. Granger, com-
manding at that place, by whom it was assigned to Col. Schaeife
commanding 2(1

Regimental Quartermaster, W. G" Pinckard, was promoted to
Japtain and Assistant Quartermaster, to rank from April 30th, 1862. r

There are some incidents during the period covered by this chapter
vorthy of note. During the battle of Shiloh, Lieut. Col. Phillips was
Founded. It -pceurred late on Sabbath evening. He says the only
hue he had ever been scared since he has been in the army, was when
hey were carrying him off the battle-field wounded. The thought
)ccurred to him, that now there was almost six feet exposed to the
re of the enemy instead of one foot, Jprgetting for the time, that while
us body occupied an additional sp^j^iorizontallyj it did not occupy 30
uuch perpendicularly, as when be was on bis hor-



:




I '




38 A HISTOEY OP

ft

m

CII.APTER Y.

FROM THE ATTACK ON CORINTH, OCT. oD 7 1862, UNTIL REGIMEHTF
WAS MOUNTED.

Rebels prepare to attack Corinth Order of battle Result, of the
attack on the 3d of October New line of battle at " White House"
Line at " -Battery Robinett" Slaughter on the 4th of October Ex-
tracts from ft 1 1 cbel prisoners journal List of killed and icounded
Outpost duty.

The Rebel leaders were not satisfied that onr forces should occupy
Corinth, uninterruptedly. Hence, in the Fall of 1862 active prepara-
tions were made by them to attack that place. A heavy force, under
Generals Price and VanDorn, was fitted up for this purpose. The tiBaae
gjpvas drawing near when our boys must endure another of those terrible-
JBniggles, two of which they had already passed through.

As I have said, the Regiment had been doiug outpost duty at Eienzi,
from the 16th of August until the last frf September. On the 20th of J
September, Col. Schaeffer's Brigade, with which our Regiment had*
been temporarily united, moved Northward, leaving the 9th 111. and th&
59th Indiana, to hold the place. On the 1st of October, the 9$h 111. *

oved toward Corinth, and bivouacked for the night feeven miles South
of our old camp iffl||Coriiith. Moved again, on the 2d of October, and
came to the old familiar camp, at noon. Here we occupied our old



position again, reporting to GeiMfc! OgjIeSy, who commanded th*
Brigade.

On th morning of October 3d, 18G2, the Regimerct was marched
out in its proper position for the terrible conflict. The following order
will show the position jt occupied during the figh^ It was moved out
two miles Northwest of Corinth, to the old rinc-pijfcf the rebels. Our
Brigade was on the left of the 2d Division. r _jjjhe oth Division was on

,fcour left. On the right of the 6th Division, was the 3d Brigade of th&
2d Division, ,(Col. Baldwin Commanding,) which had been teinporarilj
attach^ to that Division. Gen. Me Arthur commanded the* 6th Divi-
sion; ^en. Davics the 2d Division, and Gen. Hamilton the Ohip

^Division. This latter Division was held in reserve. Immediately on
our right was the 1st Brigade of the 2cl Division. Such was the posi-
tion our Brigade occupied at the opening of this terrible conflict.
The enemy made their first attack upon Gen. McArthur's Division^
was placed immediately upon our left. After a short




I



THE NINTH REGIMENT-



39 '




ildwin's Brigade, placed on the right of that Division^ gave way
back in confusion. This uncovered and exposed to the enemy
our left flank. Soon the enemy came through the large gap thus made,
and attacked us simultaneously in the front and rear. The jy.st Ohio,
placed upon the left of our Brigade, gave way and moved in confusioa
and disorder to the right and rear, followed -very soon by the 12th 111-,
and then the Oth moved in the same manner.

In attempting to check the too hasty advance of the Rebels, the 9th
111. lost Capt. Britt, killed, and the two Captains Lowe, and Lieutenants
Hughes and Ulen, together with 53 enlisted men, captured.

Gen. Ij^ickleman's Brigade covered our retreat, and we fell back and
formed a new line at the White House." The Brigades occupied the
same order in this '. 'Tone. Here the advance OT the

enemy was chocked, until darkness put ft stop to the conflict for this dj^

During the night our line was drawn back to Battery "Rbbin^/ 1

Just before' daylight, on the morning of the 4th of October, the enemy

s of ycst/'rclay, opened from a four-gun battery,

on the town, compelling our jjjgljjkd to leave for safer quarters. A
General Hospital v;as < mile*out' on the M. & C. R. R|

where all the wounded were removed. Before they could all be re-
moved, one* or two of them had been kilted by the rebel shells in the
Tish^win^o House. At daylight, the action became general all along
our Ses. The Rebel columns "made desperate charge's, and were as
often repulsed.

' 4L

General Oglesby^%manding our Brigade, wdfe wounded the day



. comma.
y.i-rsy y,-



previous, and C01. Mersy assnmcd^e#nmarid of the Brigade. t Major
Kulm. of our Regiiik-.iit, w;>s ylso wsabled, and Captain Hawes assumed
command oT the Regiment during the fight on the 4th of Ooftober.

The slaughter of the enemy, in the efforts to capture "Battery
Robinett," was terrific. A true picture of tlje ground, taken ere the
dead were removal shows the ground to be literally covered with the
' dead, often lying* one upon another.

The struggle lasted until about 10 A. !>!., when the Rebel line wan
broken, and their whole army .retreated in confusion and disorder. Thus
ended another of those terrible conflicts which have* marked the history
of this war. The conflict was fierce and determined on b^jk sides.
Our forces were under the command of Gen. Rosecrans. Thole of the
enemy were under Generals Price and VanDorn. It was regarded a
matter of vital importance., at that time, for our forces to hold that place.
The importance which the Rebels attached to the work of re-taking it,
;aD.d the desperate struggle they made in order to do it, will be seen



i






iO A HISTORY OF

from some extracts which I will here make from the Journal of a Rebel
prisoner, Lieut. Labruzan, of the 42d Regt. Ala. A copy of his iHftes,.
taken as the battle progressed, and after he was captured, wasobtained
by some of the boys in our Regiment, and I have thus secured access
fco it. The following extract will show the position the enemy occupied
an the day before the battle commenced :

"Tlmrsdaij, Oct. 2d. The bridge finished about 10 o'clock, when.
we took up the- line of march. We marched right in front, which.
brought our Regt. near the head of the column. Generals YanDorn
and Yillipigiie were ahead about two or three miles. The army here is
fully 25,000 men under command of Gen, VanDcrri, who outranks
Gen. Price. Brig. Gen. Moore commanded our Brigade of fiye Regi-
ments. Our Division is commanded by Brig. Gen. Manny."
* I olnt here a portion of his notes as to tb.e march during the day,.
iMJLthe 'manner in which he spent the night of the 2d October. It
would be interesting to give the whole- of this extract from his journal,
but it wouldj occupy too much space. It v.;>riki enable us to yicTO that
great battle from a rebel stand-point. Of the : fight, he

writes thus :

* Friday, Get: M. Reveille, by the bugle at 4 A. M. "Were march-
ing by 4. Crossed into Mississippi at 7 A. M. Marched just on the-
border for some miles. At (>] heard some artillery firing. Three miles
ahead, skirmishing, which, was kept up until after .we crossed -the M..



& C. R. R., which w,as at 9-J A. M. Satf a Regiment, ski j&n.

field just below us. The artillery kerjt up a constant fire*al)out Tnree
times a minute. Our Brigade, under (3%/Moore, marching into the:
' woods, formed a Sne of battle, our right resting on tho Railroad. We-
bad not waited more than fifteen minutes, when, heavy skhmishing was-
heard- about a half mile in front, with steady aurl iiv.-roasing caim.nmding..
Two men from each company were detailed to attei. bounded,.

&c. We left blankets v and knapsacks here. About 10 o'clock our
Brigade marched forward through a corn-field, and formed into a line
within a half mile of the enemy. Heavy firing j.ust in front. Saw a
Major who was wounded."

He proceed thus to speak of the fight of the 31 j but I will not
follow him further, on .thait day. Let ue hear him describe tli-e scene
of the 4th:

"Saturday, Oct. 4^. An awful day.. At 4 o r clock, before day, our

Brigade was ordered to the left about one- fourth of a mile, and halted,.

t:hrowinK)ut lines of skirmishers, which kept up a constant fire. A

P Battery irt front of the right of our Regiment opened briskly, and the>

- enemy replied the same. The cannonading 5 was heavy for an hour and

a half. Our Regiment lay down close, and stood it nobly. The shell

flew thick and fast, cutting off large limbs and filling the air with frag-

ments. Many burst within 20 feet, and the pieces popped within 2 or

3 feet. It was extremely unphasaiitj ajad I prayed foe forgiveness- of'



THE NINTH REGIMENT. 41

my sins, and made up my mind to go through. Col, Sawler called for
volunteers to assist the 2d Texas skirmishers. I volunteered, and took
ray company. Captain Perkins and Lieutenant Wumson being taken
sick directly after the severe bombardment, I had the Co. all the time.
I went skirmishing at 7->. and returned at 9} o'clock. W&got behind
trees and logs, and the way the bullets did fly, was unpleasant to tee.
1 think 20 must have passed within a few feet of me, humming prettily.
Shells tore off large limbs and splinters. Struck my tree several times.
We could only move from tree to tree, and bending low to the ground,
while moving. Oh, how anxiously I watched for the bursting of the
shells when the heavy roar of the cannon proclaimed their coming. At
9 o'clock I had my skirrniehers relieved, by Captain Rouse's Company.
Sent my men to their places, and went behind a log with Major Purges.
At 10 o'clock, suddenly the fight fairly opened, with heavy volleys of
musketry and the double thundering cannon. This was on tire right*
In a fe^niinutes the left went into action in splendid style. At 10^
o'clock, Col. Rogers came up by us, only saying "Alabama forces."
Our Regiment, with the Brigade rose, unmindful of the shell or shot,
and moved forward, marching about 250 yards and rising the crest of
a hill. The whole of Corinth, with its enormous fortifications, burst
upon our view. The U. 8. flag was floating over the forts and in town.
We were now met by a perfect storm of grape, cannister, cannon balls
and Minnie'balls. .Oh, Grod ! I. have tower seen the like! The men
fell like grass, even here. Giving one tremendous cheer, we*aashed to
the bottom of the hill en which the fortifications are situated. Here
we found every foot of ground covered with large trees and brush, cut
down to impede our progress. Looking to the right and left, I saw
several Brigades charging at the same type. What a sight was there.
I saw men running at full speed, stop* suddenly and fall upon their
faces, with their brains scattered all around. Others, with legs and
arms cut off, shrieking with agony. They fell behind, beside, and
within a lew feet of me. I gave myself to God, and got ahead of m
company. The ground was literally strewed with mangled corpse^
One ball passed through my pants, and they cut twigs right by m^.
seemed, by holding out my hand I could have caught a dozen. They
buzzed and hissed by me in all directions, but I still pushed forward.
I seemed to b# moving -right in the mouth of cannon, for the air was
filled with hurling grape and cannister. Ahead was one. continuous
blaze. I rushed to the ditch of the fort, right -between some large
cannon. I grappled into it, and half way up the sloping wall. The
enemy were only three or four feet from me on the other side, but could
not shoot us for fear of having their heads blown off. Our men were
in the same predicament. Only 5 or 6 were on the wall, and 80 or 40
in and around the ditch. Catesby on the wall by my side. A man
within two feet of me, put his head cautiously up, to shoot into the
fort. But he suddenly dropped his musket, and his brains were dashectj
in a stream over my fine coat, which I had in my arms, and on mf
shirt sleeves. Several were killed here, on top one another, and rolled
down the embankment in ghastly heaps. This was done by a Regu



42 A HISTORY OP

merit of Yankees coming about 40 yards on our left, after finding us
entirely cut oft", and firing into us. Several of. our men cried "put
down the flag," and it was lowered, or shot into the ditch. Oh, we
were butchered like dogs, as we'were not supported. Some one placed
a white handkerchief on Sergeant Buck's musket, and he took it to a
port hole. But the Yankees snatched it off and took him prisoner.
The men fell 10 at a time. The ditch being full, and finding we had
ho chance, the survivors tried to save themselves as best they could.
I was so far up, I could not get off quickly. I do not recollect of seeing
Catesby after this, but think he got off before. I trust in God he has.
I and Capt. Foster started together, and the air was literally filled with
Kissing balls. I got about 20 4 steps, as quick as I could, about a dozen
being killed in that distance. I fell down^and scrambled behind a
large stump. Just then, I saw poor Foster throw up his Rands, and
saying ; '0h, my (led!'' jumped about two feet from the ground, falling


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Online LibraryMarion MorrisonA history of the Ninth Regiment, Illinois Volunteer Infantry → online text (page 4 of 10)