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A history of the Ninth Regiment, Illinois Volunteer Infantry online

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with six days rations. Marched all night, and halted at sunrise and
fed. At 6 A. M., of the 13th, we were on the march again. Took the
road through Salem, passing that place about 4 P. M., and bivouacking
for the night six miles beyond it. Moved forward again at daylight
on the 14th, crossing the Tallahatchie at Rocky Ford, and bivouacking
for the night. Moved West on the Oxford road, early on the 15th,
reaching that place at noon. Here we joined a Brigade from LaGrange.
Lieut. Col. Phillips assumed command^of the Brigade, and moved ofa
six miles beyond Oxford, on the Coffeeville road, and bivouacked for
the night. At daybreak, on the 16th. moved forward again. We were
joined to-day, by a Brigade of Cavalry from Germantown and Collier-
ville, -under the command of Lieut. Col. M. R. M. Wallace, who being
junior officer to Lieut. Col. Phillips, reported his command to him for
orders. Lieut. Col, Phillips now assumed command of the whole force,
consisting of two Brigades. Lieut. Col. Wallace had command of the
1st Brigade, and Major Coon of the 2d.

The whole force crossed the Tochamy River on a ferry boat, and
reached Water Valley at 12 M. Here our advance captured a train of
seven six-mule wagons, and a number of prisoners who were guarding
the train. The 1st Brigade was so long delayed in crossing the river,
that Major Coon, who had command of the 2d Brigade, did not leave
Water Valley until 5 P. M. He then moved forward to within two



N THE NINTH REGIMENT. 61

miles of Coffeeville, and bivouacked for the remainder of the night. It
was 2 A. M., of the 17th, when we reached that point. '

A heavy storm of rain came on shortly after leaving Water Valley,
and the night became intensely dark. The darkness made it very diffi-
cult to march at all. Often the mules, with their riders, would tumble
into the ditches. The 1st Brigade, commanded by Lieut. Col. Wallace,
moved only one mile from Water Valley, when the darkness became so
intense, that movements were almost impossible. The Brigade was
consequently ordered into bivouack for the night. On the morning of
the 17th, Lieut. Col. Wallace joined the 2d Brigade at Coffeeville.
The entire force now moved forward rapidly towards Grenada, the llth
111. Cavalry having the advance.. When ten miles from Coffeeville, six
or eight locomotives and 40 or 50 cars were captured, and a guard
placed over them. When the advance were within four miles of
Grenada, the Rebels fired the two large Railroad bridges over the
Tallobusha, and before we <iould reach them, they were completely
destroyed. The llth 111. Cavalry was ordered, forward, as rapidly as
'possible, to prevent the unnecessary destruction of property; and the
entire 2d Brigade moved forward at a brisk trot. When within one
mile of town, the llth Cavalry were checked by about 300 of the enemy.
The 9th 111. Lift, were dismounted and sent forward as skirmishers.
Hoon after, the 2d Iowa and 3d Michigan Cavalry went into the action.
Orders were sent back to Lieut. Col. Wallace to hasten up his Brigade,
and move forward with all possible dispatch. As soon as the Battery
was placed in position, Col. Wallace was ordered to enter town, with his
Brigade, by the lower ford. The enemy not replying to our Battery,
Major Coon was ordered to charge across the ford, with the 2d Iowa
Cavalry, and at the same time to ferry over a portion of the 9th 111. Inft.
as a support, in case the enemy pressed him too hard. This force
crossed and took possession of the town, without further opposition.

The captures which we made, were as follows: 60 locomotives; 450
cars, of all kinds; considerable stores, and $8,000 in Confederate scrip.

As the enemy had burned the bridges across the Tallobusha, making
it impossible to run off the rolling st*ock, the cars, locomotives, machine
shops, depots, Commissary and Quartermaster buildings were fired,
and destroyed.

At 7 P. M., reports having come in that the enemy were returning
to attack us in force, our entire Division, except the Picket and Provost
Guard, were ordered to recross the Tallobusha, and bivouack, ready
to fall in at a moment's notice. One hour later, Col. Winslow., com-
manding a Brigade of Cavalry, from " Blackwater," entered the town



62 A HISTORY OF

from the South. He being the ranking officer, now assumed command
of the whole force. His Brigade took possession of the place, an'd the
whole force bivouacked for the night.

The entire loss of our Division in the fight, was one man killed and
two wounded. The 9th 111. Inft. had one man wounded.

The 1st Brigade was so far in the rear, at the beginning of the action,
that it was not engaged, except Perkin's Battery of Mountain Howitzers.

The entire forces in Lieut. Col. Phillips' command, during this expe-
dition, consivsted of the following Regiments, viz : 9th 111. Inft. (mounted)

Captain Kneffner commanding, 300; 2d Iowa Cavalry, Captain

commanding, 200; llth 111: Cavalry, Major Funk commanding, 150;
3d Michigan Cavalry, M^ijor Hudson commanding, 200; Total. 2d

Brigade. Major Coon commanding, 850. 9th 111. Cavalry,

commanding, 250; 3d 111. Cavalry, Major Connor commanding, 200;

4th 111. Cavalry, commanding, 300; Total, 1st Brigade,

Lieut, Col. Wallace commanding, 750. Total in Division, Lieut. Col-
Phillips commanding, 1..600.

The force of the enemy at Grenada, was between 1,500 and 2,500,
and was under command of Col. Slemmer, Gen. Cha.lmers being, at the
time, absent. Major Leath, Gen. Chalmers' Quartermaster, was cap-
tured in Grenada, and with him the Confederate scrip mentioned above.

During the action, Col. Winslow, with his Brigade, was in bivouack,
within five miles of Grenada, and had he moved on the South rapidly
at that time, we would have captured most of the enemy, and his entire
Quartermaster train of over 100 wagons.

Lieut. Col. Phillips insisted on pursuing and' capturing, at least, their
wagon train. ^ But Col. Winslow was in command and not w'lling.
Lieut. Col.. Phillips then requested permission to pursue with his
command, but was refused. Having command. Col. Winslow ordered
$ the destruction of property to cease. Hence, two locomotives, and about
a dozen cars, were left on the North sMe of the Tallobusha. for the
Rebels to run down produce from Water Valley and the country North
of them.

Thfe entire command remained in bivouack on the 18th, and moved
on the return march, at 5 A. M.. on the 19th, taking the Oakland road.
Bivouacked for the night, just across the Tochamy River. We moved
forward again at 5 A. M., of the 20th. Ferried over the TaJlahatchie,
and bivouacked for the night seven miles North of it. Moved again at
5 A. M., on the 21st. Col. Winslow and his command left us to-day,
for Memphis. Fed near Looxahorna. Bivouacked for the night, near
Bucksnort. Moved at the same hour on the 22d. Lieut. Col. Wallace



THE NINTH REGIMENT. 63

with his command, turned to the left to-day, for his camp at Collierville.
"VVe passed through Holly Springs about 4 P. M., to-day, and bivouacked
seven miles North-east of town. This is a nice town, on an elevated
situation, with some very-line buildings in it. Guards were placed at
each of the houses. Many ladies made their appearance, as our boys
passed along the street. Some of them looked on smilingly, while
others manifested scornful contempt, in their very looks. But what
did our boys care for their scorii? . They only smiled the more.
The sight which the citizens beheld, as our forces passed, was no doubt
to them a sore one. A long train of negroes, men, women and children,
were accompanying us. At least $1,000,000 worth of property, as
slaves had formerly been rated, was leaving them. They had long been
accustomed to regard these persons as the .great source of their wealth.
This war had been instigated for the purpose of riveting the chains of
bondage more tightly upon these slaves. Many of them, perhaps, had
been called upon to mourn the death of some dear friend, who had been
slain in waging this war. They had thought thus to make more secure
this species of their wealth. But now they were compelled to see it?
taking to itself leys and fleeing away.

Our boys arrived in camp at Pocahontas, on the 24th of August, after
having been out thirteen days'. They left camp with six days rations.
Where did the other seven days rations come from? I suppose none of
the boys can tell ! Perhaps, if the smoke-houses and hen-roosts of the
citizens along the way could speak, they might tell. Or, may be, even
the citizens themselves, if any one should take the trouble to travel
along and enquire of them, could tell something about it.

The expedition was certainly a grand success. Some raids, about
which much has been said and written, were of far less importance. It
was a bold dash, of more than one hundred miles, into the midst of the
enemy's country. Our forces met on their own chosen ground, at least
an equal, and it is thought, a greatly superior force of the enemy;
drove them from their position, after a smart skirmish; captured a
large amount of their stores, with about fifty prisoners. About $8,000,000
worth of public property was destroyed. Destroyed because two long
bridges on the Railroad had been burned by the enemy. About 500
head of horses and mules were captured. And at least 2,000 negroes
were brought in with our forces; thus weakening ihe hands of our
enemies, and obtaining that, by which to strengthen our own hands.
These, as sKives were formevly valued, were worth at least $2,000,000.-
The entire Union loss was only one man ki^ed and two wounded. Had
there been a special correspondent with our forces, it wpuld have been



64 A HISTORY OP

heralded in the newspapers with a flourish that might have resulted in
a star on our worthy Lieut. Col. Phillips, who commanded the expedi-
tion. The material, at least,- Was there.

Charles Chevi, 2d Lieutenant of Company C, resigned, and his resig-
nation was accepted, to take effect August 7th, 1863.

August 26th, the Regiment was paid by Major W. H. Johnston, for
the months of March, April, May and June.

August 29th, Captains Kneffner and Robinson, and Lieuts. Roll-
mann and Cowgill, we|b ordered to report to CoL Alexander, at St.
Louis, for duty in the Invalid Corps.

At the regular periodical muster and inspection, on the 31st of
August, Captain G. G. Lowe acted as Inspecting and Mustering Officer.

September 3d, 1863, 1st Lieutenant George W. Willifbrd, was com-
missioned and mustered as Captain of Company F.

September 4th, 1863, Rev. Marion Morrison reported for duty, with
commission as Chaplain of the Regiment. He was mustered in as such,
to date from the 4th.

On the 3d of August, 1863, 105 deserters, mostly from the 128th
111. Inft., were assigned to duty in the 9th 111. Vol. Inft., and were
transferred to tKe various companies, so as to equalize the strength of
those companies.

On the 6th of August, Lieutenant McClure, commanding detachment
of the 128th 111. Vol., reported his men, in compliance with orders from
Headquarters 16th Army Corps, to the Regiment for duty. The de-
tachment numbered 103 men, and were assigned, pro rata, to the several
companies. Lieutenant Lennia, Adjutant of the 128th, was assigned
to Company F, and Lieutenant Cooper to Company B, until further
orders. In the order for consolidation, Lieutenant Lenma's name was
dropped, (he having resigned,) and Lieutenant Cooper was transferred
from Company B. to C ompany F.

On the 16th of August, 1863, 1st Lieutenant Krebs received a com-
mission as Captain of Company D, and Orderly Sergeant H. Weber as
1st Lieutenant Company D, and both were mustered in from that date.

When the writer reported to the Regiment for duty, on the 4th of
September, as above noticed, the Regiment was in command of Captain
Gr. G. Lowe, Lieut. Col. Phillips having been summoned to 1 Memphis,
as a witness before a court martial in the case of Lieut. Col. Bowen of
the 10th Mo. Cavalry. Lieut. Col. Phillips was detained there for two
or three weeks, and Captain Lowe continued in command of the Regi-
ment, with credit to himself.

After joining the Regiment, arrangements were made for regular



THE NINTH REGIMENT. 65

g services on each Sabbath, and prayer-meetings on Sabbath
and Wednesday evenings. I would here say, that we have been able,
notwithstanding the great amount of scouting duty the Regiment has
had to perform, to hold our regular services on almost every Sabbath,
up to the present time, except the few weeks I was absent from the
Regiment, on orders, in Illinois. The Regiment had been without a
Chaplain for about 20 months. For several Sabbaths we held our ser-
vices under the shades of the trees in front of the Colonel's quarters.
Soon, however, some of the soldiers volunteered their services, and
erected a comfortable chapel, 40 by 24 feet, in which to hold our meet-
ings. We had occupied this but a few Sabbaths, when we moved from
our old camp at Pocahontas.

During the first three weeks of September, from one to four compa-
nies were out scouting, almost daily. Gen. Chalmers- was concentrating
a force South of the Memphis and Charleston Railroad, to make a dash
upon that road, and cut off communication between Memphis and
Corinth.

On the 27th of September, the Regiment, under command of Lieut.
Col. Phillips, who had re-joined it, moved South toward New Albany,
On arriving within six miles of that place, he found the enemy too
strong for a further safe advance with the force he had, and returned
to camp at Pocahontas on the 29th.

On the 2d of October, the Regiment inoved North on a scout. Found
and engaged a small force of the enemy, on Forked Deer River. In
this engagement, Private Peterson, of Co. K, was killed. Finding no
more force of the enemy, the Regiment returned to camp at Pocahon-
tas on the 4th of October.

During the latter part of September and the first week in October,
there was much talk that we would be removed, and take up the march
somewhere. Gen. Sherman's forces from Vicksburs:, were constantly
passing towards Corinth, for two or three weeks. It was reported that
they would take the place of the 16th Army Corps in occupying Mem-
phis and Corinth and the Railroad between them; and that our Corps
would move into an active campaign. Thus we were kept, as soldiers
often are, in suspense from day to day. Not knowing what a day might
bring forth. In the meantime Sherman's forces passed on towardi
Chattanooga, and we were still in our old quarters.

As the weather was now becoming too cold for the airy tents, which

most of the Regiment occupied, the b,oys went to the timber, split

boards, hauled poles, &c., and put themselves up comfortable quarters.

Brick chimneys, left where houses had been burnt through the country,

[5]



6 A HISTORY OF

were torn down and brought into camp, and neat little chimneys built
to their shanties. Thus the boys were preparing for comfortably spend-
ing the winter in their camp.

On the 4th of October, commissions arrived, as follows : 2d Lieut,
John Mallmann, to be Captain of Company B; 2d Sergt. L. Grieser,
to be 1st Lieut. Company B; 1st Lieut. 'I. Clements, to be Captain?
Oompany G; 2d Lieut. N. G-. Perrine, to be 1st Lieut. Company G;
1st Lieut. S. T. Hughs, to be Captain of Company I; 2d Lieut. Wm,
Paden, to be 1st Lieut. Company I; Com, Sergt. C. A. Spat'ee, to be
Regimental Quartermaster. Of the above, the following were ordered
@n duty, in their new rank, viz: Grieser, Clements, Perrine and Spatee.

On the 6th of October, the Regiment, tinder command of Lieut. CoL
Phillips, moved 1 South towards Ripley, on the Jonesborough Toad, and
bivouacked for the night at Ruckersville, Moved forward again at
daylight on the 7th, and reached Ripley at 8:30 A. M,, and at 9:30
moved North-west towards Salem. When within five miles of that
place, an advance was sent out, which ascertained that the enemy were
in Salem about 3,000 strong. It was determined by Lieut. Col. Phillips,
to attack them on the morning of the 8th, although his force did not
exceed 400 men. Hence, early* in the morning, one company was sent
rapidly forward, and drove in their pickets and developed their forces.
This done and they fell back. Soon after, the- Regiment move forward
in force. Arriving at the town, it was found that CoL McCrillis was
there with his Regiment of cavalry, and that the Rebels had fallen back
out of town. It was soon ascertained, however, that .their falling back
was not a retreat, but a pretense, and that they were preparing to attack
us. Hence, the 9th?' 111. Inft.. was dismounted and deployed as skir-
mishers, and the two guns of Tamrath's Battery accompanying the
Regiment, were placed in position, and opened upon the enemy. In a
very short time the enemy made a vigorous -effort to drive us, but
failed. After engaging this vastly superior force for three hours, and
our ammunition failing, we fell back on to the Railroad at LaGrange,
and were reinforced. Five of our men were killed and twenty wounded
in this engagement.

After reaching LaGrange r a dispatch was sent into camp, for all the
men in camp fit for duty, to join the Regiment at that place. Rein-
forcements were now secured and preparations made for driving the
enemy back, or cutting off his retreat. On the llth of October, the
Regiment ; together with Col. Hatch's mounted force, moved South-west,
Had an engagement with the enemy at Graham's Mills, and another at.



THE NINTH REGIMENT. 67

Wyatt's, defeating them in both engagements and driving them South-
ward, after severe skirmishing.

Our entire mounted force was commanded by Col. Hatch, the Brigade
by Lieut. Col. Phillips, and the Regiment by Captain A. G. Hawes. In
these two last engagements, the 9th 111. lost one man killed and five
wounded.

The following is a list of the killed and wounded i3 the various en-
gagements, since the Regiment was mounted on the 20th of March, 1863.

COMPANY A. At Jackson, Tenn., Killed, Konrad Schaeffer ; Wound-
ed, Sergt. Michael Hartweek, Privates Charles Harris and George
Heiler. 1 killed and 3 wounded.

COMPANY B. Cherokee Bluffs, Miss., Wounded, Gustar Blank;
Mud Creek, Miss., John Snider; Salem, Miss., James Luston; Wyatt'e,
Miss., Killed, William Toliver; Wounded, 1st Lieut. Louis Grieser, Pri-
vate Win. Crum. In all, 1 killed and 5 wounded.

COMPANY C. Mud Creek, Miss., Killed, Sergt. Charles Ehrlich,
Private George Valler, Wounded, Sergt. Wm. Heser, and Private Eilb
Menson; Jackson, Tenn., Sergt. Engen A. Hauke; Salem, Miss, Corp.
Wm. Striegal, and Private G. M. Smith; Athens, Ala., Samuel Spring.
In all, 2 killed and 6 wounded.

COMPANY D. Salem, Miss., Killed, G. W. Hatfield, Wounded, Chrst.
Lambe. One killed and one wounded.

COMPANY E. Mud Creek, Miss., Wounded, Charles B. Fleming.
Win. M. Gery and Ephraim J. Tyler; Salem, Miss., Jas. Stewart and
Wm. Mock. In all, 5 wounded.

COMPANY F. Salem, Miss., Killed, Thos. Ellison.

COMPANY G. Mud Creek, Miss., Henry Brown and Jonathan Hamp-
ton; Salem, Miss., Wm. Cheneworth and Jas. M. Ne'wton. In 'all, 4
wounded.

COMPANY H. Salem. Miss., Francis M. Strickle, Ahiron D. Simons,
Benj. R. Felts; Florence, Ala., Wm. H. Neal. In all, 4 wounded.

COMPANY I. Mud Creek, Miss., Wounded, Lieut. S. T. Hughe,
Chas. S. Patton; Grenada, Miss., S. P. Irwin; -Jackson, Tenn., Oliver
Hays; Salem, Miss., Killed, E. K. Richards, Wounded, Richard Jordon ;
Wyatt's, Miss., John Graham; Athens, Ala., M. D. Holcomb. In all,

1 killed and 7 wounded.

COMPANY K. Montazuma, Tenn., Killed, John M. Peterson; Salem,
Miss., John Q. Martin, Wounded, Lieut. Ulen and Peter Hall. In all,

2 killed and 2 wounded.

A number of incidents of interest, occurred during the period covered
by this chapter.



68 A HISTORY OF

When on a scout to Tupelo, the boys were feeding near the house of
a citizen. A woman came to Col. Phillips to make complaints that one
of her horses had been taken, and a negro man or two had left her and
was following our forces away. The Col. very politely told her, (for
he is always polite to the ladies, unless they cease to act the lady,) that
he was sorry for her, but that it was his business to keep the Rebels
out of that country, so that they might not molest peaceable citizens like
her. In order to do this, he must have horses to mount his men.
Hence, from military necessity he must take her horse. That more
effectually to accomplish the work of clearing the Rebels out of the
country, the Government had resolved to arm the negroes and make
soldiers of them. Hence, he must take her negroes also. Finding she
could accomplish nothing by her entreaties with the Col., she was
returning to the house, when she saw that they were taking her corn
to feed their animals. Some of the boys were also chasing her chickens,
and they were rapidly decreasing in numbers. She now set up a terrible
lamentation, and commenced praying that God would send the Yankees
out of the country. In the warmth of her petitions, she used the fol-
lowing forcible language: "0, Lord, if you can't come yourself, just
now, do send General Price with his great army, to drive these misera-
ble Yankees out-of the country/' Until this petition was uttered, some
of the boys felt a sympathy for her. But the utterance of it, seemed
to drive away both their sympathy and their gravity. The Col. finally
sent an orderly, telling her to go into. the house and finish her prayers.

Another. When on a scout near Ripley, Miss., the Regiment were
in camp, and, as usual, helping themselves to the contents of a corn-
crib, that thereby they might strengthen their mules for the heavy*
duties laid upon them. A woman appeared, with the usual cry, that
she was a "poor lone widow, with six orphan children," and requested
the Col. to leave her corn enough to make her bread until she could,
raise more. The Col. assured her that they would leave her some corn.
In a short time, one of the girls came out, with the cry, "0, Col., the
soldiers are taking every bit of our corn, and we will all starve/' The
Col. gave orders to the Adjutant to have a guard placed at that woman's
corn, and instruct it to see that some of that corn was left. The Ad-
jutant detailed a guard. In the meantime, it had beeji ascertained that
the family had a lot of wheat; and although it might be hard for a
Southern family to live without corn-bread, still it was supposed that
if they had wheat-bread, they would not starve. Hence, as corn to feed
upon was scarce, the Adjutant, in instructing the guard to see that
some of that corn was left, gave him a knowing wink, which he well



THE NINTH REGIMENT. 69

understood. Some of the corn was left. But it was simply a little
ehelled corn in the bottom of the crib. One of the girls having made
a reconnoisance to. the corn-crib, to see how things were getting along
there, and made the discovery that it was all gone, came back running and
crying, "Oh, mother, mother 5 they have taken every bit of our corn,
and now we will have nothing to eat but wheat-bread. What will we do/'

Still another. It was almost a daily, and often an hourly occurrence
for citizens to visit the Col. at his Head Quarters, to erfceavor to get
back a horse or mule that had been captured. One day two ladies had
visited him for that purpose. While they were engaged in reasoning
the matter with him, dinner was announced. He invited them to go
out and eat dinner with him. The invitation was accepted. The cook,
or Doctor, or some one, expecting that they would be there for dinner,
set a bottle of liquor on the table. After dinner was o% T er, the Colonel
politely invited them to take a drink. After some little hesitation, they'
each took their glass of liquor. The Colonel, always supplied with
cigars, toot his cigar-case from Ms pocket, and reached it to them.
They each took a cigar, lit it at the cook's fire, and sat down and de-
liberately smoked it. In the North, to smoke in the presence of ladies
is considered the greatest impoliteness. Not so in the South, however.

One more. When on the return from the raid to Grenada, Miss.,
the Regiment passed through Holly Springs. There was some appre-
hension th?it there might be a disposition on the part of . some of the-
soldiers to fire the town, owing to treatment received from the citizens
on a former occasion. Hence, a guard was placed at each house, until
the forc-es should pass through. Surgeon Gulick desiring some water
for sick men, started to go into a yard to get it, but the guard would
not allow him to pass in. He handed his canteen to a colored
man in the yard, requesting him to fill it with water- While he was


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Online LibraryMarion MorrisonA history of the Ninth Regiment, Illinois Volunteer Infantry → online text (page 7 of 10)