Marmaduke Prickett.

An historical and architectural description of the priory church of Bridlington, in the East Riding of the county of York online

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Mackerill, Mr., Bridlington. L. P.

Madan, the Rev. Spencer, D.D., Prebendary of Peterborough, and Rector
of Ibstock, Leicestershire. L. P.


Mallory, Mr. G., Kilham. L. P.

Marcus, Rev. Lewis, B.A., Queen's College, Cambridge

Marshall, S., Esq., Bridlington Quay

Martin, Capt, Cambridge. L. P.

Mason, T., Esq., Copt Hewick, near Ripon

Mason, Rev. William, M.A., Trinity College, Cambridge. L. P.

Mason, Mr. William, Printseller, St. Mary's Place, Cambridge, 2 copies

Massingberd, P., Esq., Gunby Park, Lincolnshire. L. P.

Mathew, J. M., Esq., Ashby de la Zouch. L. P.

Maude, Francis, Esq., Hatfield Hall, Wakefield. L. P.

Maude, John, Esq., Moor House, Wakefield

Maw, Mr. John, Flamborough. L. P.

Mayo, P. W., Esq., M.D., Bridlington Quay. L. P.

Mayo, Herbert, Esq., Bridlington Quay. L. P.

Mayo, Rev. Charles, B.D., Cheshunt, Hertfordshire

Mayo, Charles E., Esq., Clare Hall, Cambridge

Mellowes, Mr., London

Mendham, Rev. J., M.A., Sutton Coldfield, Warwickshire

Merewether, Rev. F., M.A., Rector of Cole-Orton, and Vicar of Whitwick,

Leicestershire. L. P.
Metcalfe, Rev. F., M.A., Vicar of Righton
Meux, Henry, Esq., Theobalds Park, Herts. L. P.
Mills, J. R., Esq., York

Mills, Rev. T. A., M.A., Vicar of Burton Agnes
Mitton, Michael, Esq., Pontefract. L. P.
Moon, Mr. G., Hull. L. P.
Mosey, Misses, Bridlington
Mortlock, W., Esq., Cambridge. L. P.
Munby, Joseph, Esq., York. L. P.

Musgrave, the Rev. Professor, M.A., Fell, of Trinity College,Cambridge. L.P.
Myers, John, Esq., Beverley. L. P.
Myres, Mr., Bridlington Quay. ' L. P.

NELTHORPE, SIR HENRY, Bart., Scawby, Lincolnshire. L. P.

NAYLER, SIR GEORGE, Knt. Garter King at Arms. L. P.

Nairne, Rev. Charles, M.A., Trinity College, Cambridge. L. P.

Nairne, Robert, Esq., Trinity College, Cambridge. L. P.

Nairne, Lawrence, Esq., Panama, South America, L. P.

Naylor, Jeremiah, Esq., Wakefield. L. P.

Neate, Rev. Arthur, B.A., Trinity College, Cambridge; Rector of Alvescott,

Oxfordshire. L. P.
Nelson, Rev. John, B.D., Vicar Choral in Lincoln Minster ; Incumbent of

St. Mark's, Lincoln ; Rector of Searby, Snarford, and Wellingore, and

Vicar of Ruskington, Lincolnshire. L. P.


Nelthorpe, Mrs., South Ferriby, Lincolnshire. L. P.
Newcastle upon Tyne, the Antiquarian Society of. L. P.
Norris, Rev. F., B.A., Queen's College, Cambridge. L. P.
Noyes, Miss, Lea, Lincolnshire.

OFFLEY, C., Esq., Upfield Lodge, Stroud, Gloucestershire. L. f.
Ogle, Rev. John Furniss, M.A., Rector of Skirbeck, near Boston, Lin-
colnshire. L. P. ,.
Oldfield, Mr. Alderman, York

Outram, B. F., Esq., M.D., Hanover Square, London. L. P.
Outram, Mrs., ditto. L. P.

Oxley, Charles, Esq., Ripon. L. P.

PEACOCK, Rev. G., M.A., F.R.S., Fellow and Tutor of Trinity College,

Cambridge. L. P.

Pashley, R., Esq., B.A., Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge
Pearson, Arthur Hugh, Esq., Queen's College, Cambridge. L. P.
Pease, Jos. R., Esq., Hessle Wood House, near Hull. L. P.
Pedder, Miss, Brighton. L. P.

Pettiward, Rev. D., M.A., Vicar of Great Finborough, Suffolk. L. P.
Phillimore, Mrs., Newberries, Herts. L. P.
Phillimore, Miss, Kendalls Hall, Herts. L. P.
Phillips, C. H., Esq., Hull

Phillips, Mr. Thomas, Beadlam Grange, Helmsley. L. P.
Piddocke, Rev. John, M.A., Ashby de la Zouch. L. P.
Pigott, G. G. Graham Foster, Esq., B.A., St. Peter's College, Cambridge. L.P.
Place, Rev. Joseph, M.A., Loughborough
Prickett, Robert, Esq., Harley Street, London. L. P.
Prickett, Mrs., London. L. P.
Prickett, Mrs. A., London. L. P.
Prickett, Miss, London
Prickett, Capt, York. L. P.
Prickett, Josiah, Esq., Hull. L. P.
Prickett, Marmaduke Thomas, Esq., Hull. L. P.
Prickett, Miss, Hull

Prickett, Marmaduke, Esq., Bridlington. L. P.
Prickett, Miss, ditto. L, P.
Prickett, Miss S., ditto. L. P.
Prickett, Thomas, Esq., ditto. L. P.
Prickett, Paul, Esq., London. L. P.

Prickett, Robert, Esq., Trinity College, Cambridge. L. P.
Pulling, Rev. W., M.A., F.L.S., Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge.

RADCLIFFE.RCV. R. B., M.A., Vicar of Ashby de la Zouch., and late Fellow
of King's College, Cambridge. L. P.


Radclyffe, H. C., Esq., Pembroke College, Cambridge. L. P.

Raikes, Robert, Jun. Esq., Hull

Ramsay, Marmaduke, Esq., M.A., Fellow and Tutor of Jesus College,

Cambridge. L. P.
Ranson, Mr. T., Beverley. L. P.

Rashdall, John, Esq., Corpus Christ! College, Cambridge. L. P.
Rawlins, John, Esq., Clarence Terrace, Regent's Park
Rayner, Mr. John., Bridlington
Reaston, Mr., Driffield. L. P.

Reynard, Homer, Esq., Sunderlandwick Lodge. L. P.
Reynard, Edward Homer, Esq., Sunderlandwick Lodge
Reynard, Rev. W., M.A., Ripon
Reynolds, Mrs., Whitby, 2 copies. L. P.
Rhodes, G., Esq., S.C.L., Trinity Hall, Cambridge. L. P.
Rhodes, Mr. R., Bridlington

Richardson, Rev. W., M.A., Vicar of Ferry Fryston, Yorkshire. L. P.
Richardson, Miss, Derby. L. P.
Richardson, F. G., Esq., Lime House, London
Richmond, H., Esq., B.A., Queen's College, Cambridge
Rickaby, Charles, Esq., Bridlington Quay. L. P.
Rickaby, Miss, Bridlington Quay. L. P.
Rickman, Thomas, Architect, Birmingham. L. P.

Riddell, Rev. Thomas, M.A., Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge. L. P.
Robinson, Rev. John, B.A., Hull

Romilly, Rev. Joseph, M.A., Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge. L. P.
Rosser, W. H., Esq., F.R.S., Gray's Inn, London. L. P.


SYK.ES, SIR TATTON, Bart, Sledmere. L. P.

Sampson, Rev. George, Rector of Leven. L. P.

Sandwith, H., Esq., Bridlington. L. P.

Sandwith, T., Esq., Beverley

Sawden, Mr., Leeds

Scotchburn, Mr., Driffield

Sedgwick, Rev. Professor, M.A. F.R.S., Follow of Trinity College,

Cambridge. L. P.
Sedman, Mr., Bridlington
Sedman, Mr. W., Jun., Leeds
Sharp, Rev. S., M.A., Vicar of Wakefield

Sheepshanks, Rev. R., M.A., Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge, L. P.
Shelford, Rev. Thomas, B.D., Fellow and Tutor of Corpus Christi College,

Cambridge. L. P.
Shepherd, II. J., Esq., Beverley
Silver, James, Esq., London. L. P.


Simpson, Rev. Thomas, Vicar of Boynton and Carnaby

Simpson, Rev. John Pemberton, M.A., Magdalene College, Cambridge. L.P.

Sleath, Rev. W. B., D.D., Repton Priory, Derbyshire. L. P.

Smedley, Rev. E. A., M. A., Chaplain of Trinity College, Cambridge

Smedley, Mr., Bridlington Quay

Smith, Edwin, Esq., Leeds. L. P.

Smith, Miss, Newcastle upon Tyne

Smith, Richard, Esq., Chancery Lane, London. L. P.

Smith, Mr. Richard, Sewerby Field

Smith, Rev. George, Incumbent of Bridlington. L. P.

Smith, Edward, Esq., Fairy Hall, Eltham, Kent

Smith, Mr. Elliot, Cambridge

Smith, Mr. Stafford, Cambridge

Smith, Mr. R. Jun., Bridlington. L. P.

Soulsby, Christopher, Esq., Bessingby. L. P.

Spence, Mr. T., Lund

Spooner, Rev. J. B., M.A., Rector of Blyborough, Lincolnshire

Spooner, Mrs., ditto

St Aubyn, Richard, Esq., Trinity College, Cambridge. L. P.

St Quintin, William, Esq., Scampston Hall. L. P.

Stables, Mr. James, Foston

Stephenson, Mr. John, Octon Lodge

Stephenson, Mr. John, Grammar School, Kilham

Stephenson, Mr. J. Junr., Sherburn

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Storer, Messrs., Engravers, Cambridge, 2 copies. L. P.

Strickland, Walter, Esq., Cokethorp Park, Oxfordshire. L. P.

Strickland, Eustachius, Esq., York. L. P.

Strickland, Miss, Boynton

Strutt, Mr. J., 8, Duke Street, St James, London. L. P.

Studholme, Rev. J., M.A., Fellow of Jesus College, Cambridge. L. P.

Sumner, G. Esq., Goodmansey, Beverley

Suttaby, Rev. W., M.A., St. John's College, Cambridge

Sykes, Rev. Christopher, M. A., Rector of Roos. L. P.

THOROLD, SIR JOHN HAYFORD, Bart, Syston Park, Lincoln. L. P.

TREVELYAN, SIR JOHN, Bart, Nettlecombe, Somerset L. P.

Taylor, Rev. Joseph, M.A., Trinity College, Cambridge. L. P.

Taylor, Bryan, Esq., Bridlington. L. P.

Taylor, David, Esq., Bridlington

Territt, William, Esq., L.L.D., Chilton Hall, Clare, Suffolk. L. P.

Thackeray, F., Esq., M.D., Cambridge. L. P.

Thompson, Mr. John, Bridlington

Thompson, Mr. J., York. L. P.


Thornton, W. D., Esq., Scarborough. L. P.

Thorp, Rev. T., M.A., Fellow and Tutor of Trinity College, Cambridge. L. P.'

Thorpe, A., Esq., York. L. P.

Thorpe, Rev. W., M.A., Merton College, Oxford

Thurnall, A. W., Esq., Cambridge

Todd, Rev. H. J., M.A., F.S.A., Chaplain in Ordinary to His Majesty, and

Rector of Settrington. L. P.

Todd, Messrs., Booksellers, York. 4 S. P. and 1 L. P.
Tomlinson, Mr. C., Derby
Tottie, T. W., Esq., Leeds. L. P.
Travis, W., Esq., Scarborough

Trevelyan, W. C., Esq., M.A., University College, Oxford
Truman, Rev. Edward, Kilham. L. P.

Turner, Thomas, Esq., B.A., Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge. L. P.
Turner, Mr., Bookseller, Beverley
Tumor, Lewis, Esq., Hertford. L. P.
Tyson, M., Esq., B.A., Catharine Hall, Cambridge. L. P.

UPTON, J. S., Esq., M.A., Trinity College, Cambridge. 1 S. P. and 1 L. P.
Upton, Thomas Everard, Esq., Leeds. L. P.
Usherwood, R., Esq., Whitby. L. P.

VANE, Rev. John, M.A., Fellow of Dulwich College, Surrey. L. P.
Vickerman, Mr. Thomas, Thwing. L. P.


WORDSWORTH, THE REV. CHRISTOPHER, D.D., Master of Trinity College,
Cambridge. L. P.

East Riding of Yorkshire. L. P.

Wakefield, Rev. J., M.A., Barley, Derby

Walker, William Sidney, Esq., M.A., late Fellow of Trinity College, Cam-
bridge. L. P.

Walker, W. F., Esq., 27, Austin Friars, London. L. P.

Walker, Mr., Bridlington

Wallis, Edward, Esq., York

Walmsley, Mrs., Bridlington Quay

Ward, Thomas, Esq., Bridlington Quay. L. P.

Wardale, Francis, Esq., Whitby. L. P

Ware, Rev. Joseph, B.A., Trinity College, Cambridge. L. P.

Warren, Rev. Z. S., M.A., Master of the Grammar School, Beverlrr

Wasse, Rev. W., L.L.D., Hedon

Watkin, Rev. R., Bridlington



Watkins, F., Esq., B.A., Emmanuel College, Cambridge. L. P.

Watson, Mr. C. Sparkes, Cambridge. L. P.

Watson, John, Esq., Pickering. L. P:

Waud, Rev. S. W., M.A., Fellow of Magdalene College, Cambridge. L. P.

Webster, Rev. T., M.A., Vicar of Oakington, and late Fellow of Queen's

College, Cambridge. L. P.
Wellbeloved, Rev. Charles, York. L. P.
Wetwan, Mr. G., Bridlington

Wheatley, Joseph, Esq., Treetam, Rotherham. L. P.
Whewell, Rev. Professor, M.A., F.R.S., Fellow and Tutor of Trinity Col-
lege, Cambridge. L. P.

White, G. J. P., Esq., B.A., Trinity College, Cambridge
White, John, Esq., Doncaster. L. P.
Whittaker, Charles, Esq., Hull. L. P.
Williams, Mr., Kilham
Williams, Miss Gregory, York

Willis, Rev. R. C., Ravenhill Hall, near Scarborough, 2 copies. L. P.
Wilson, Colonel James, M.P., Sneaton Castle, Whitby. L. P.
Wilson, John, Esq., Gray's Inn, London. L. P.
Wilson, Richard, Esq., Scarborough
Wilson, Mr. Isaac, Bookseller, Hull, 2 copies
Winn, Charles, Esq., Nostell Priory. L. P.
Wollaston, Rev. H. J., B.A., Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge
Wolley, Commissioner, Somerset Place, London. L. P.
Wood, J., Esq., Trinity College, Cambridge. L. P.
Wood, Henry, Esq., Cropston, Leicestershire. L. P.
Wood, Richard Warner, Esq., The Newarke, Leicester. L. P.
Wood, R. W. Kendall, Esq., B.A., Trinity Hall, Cambridge. L. P.
Wood, Mr. J., Land Surveyor, Scarborough
Wood, Mr. John, Derby
Woodall, John, Esq., Jun., Scarborough

Worsley, Rev. Henry, D.D., Rector of Gatcombe, Isle of Wight. L. P.
Wrangham, Rev. George Walter, M.A., Rector of Thorp Bassett
Wrangham, Digby Cayley, Esq., Foreign Office
Wrangham, Mr. G., Bridlington. L. P.
Wright, Rev. Godfrey, Bilham. 2 copies
Wright, Mr. Joseph, Whitwick, Leicestershire.


Yarburgh, Major, Heslington Hall, York- L- P.
Young, Rev. John, M.A., Trinity College, Cambridge. L- P.











I. Priory Gate, Bridlington, with Church, as seen through it

II. Priory Gate, from side next Church.

III. Priory Church, S.W. View.

IV. Priory Church, N. E. View.

V. Priory Church, Interior, west end.

VI. West Front, S.W. door.

VII. North Porch.

VIII. Architectural Details.

IX. Ancient Sculptured Stone.

X. Ground Plan of the Church.

XI. Priory Seals, &c.
XII. Ancient Fonts.

XIII. Filey and Flamborough Churches.

XIV. Flambro' Rood loft, and monument of Sir Martin de la See.
XV. Carnaby and Boynton Churches.

XVI. Rudston Church, and Norman door, Kilham Church.

XVII. Map of Bridlington and the Vicinity.


THE ancient history of the English Church, as is well
known to all who have studied the subject with any degree
of attention, is intimately connected with the history of the
monasteries. In many cases, however, as in that of which
we are no.w about to treat, the history of the parochial
church is actually incorporated with that of the monastery
to which it was appropriated. It will therefore be neces-
sary, for the information of general readers, to premise
some brief remarks on the different monastic orders, and on
the constitution of monastic establishments.

To enter, indeed, into any detail of the rise and progress
of monachism, a system of superstition, and self-imposed
austerities, which has uniformly been supported and encou-
raged by the Papal power, would lead us far beyond the
limits of the present work. The reader who wishes for
more extensive information on such a subject must be re-
ferred to several works which have been expressly devoted
to the description of the various monastic orders and rules
either generally, or as they existed in this country anterior
to the period of the Reformation.*

* Gibbon's Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, vol. vi. c. 37. Turner's
Hist of England, vol. v. c. 2. Fuller's Hist of the Eng. Church, vol. vi. Bur-
net's Hist of the Reform. Fosbrooke's British Monachism. Burn's Ecclesi-
astical Law, vol. ii. p. 515, and the Prefaces to Dugdale's Monasticon Angli-
canum, Burton's Monasticon Eboracense, and Tanner's Notitia Monastica.



The system of monastic seclusion probably originated in
imitation of the retired and severe mode of life adopted in
the wilderness by the prophet Elijah under the Jewish, and
by John the Baptist under the Christian Dispensation ;
while, in later times, the primitive Christians were often
compelled by the terrible persecutions under the Roman
emperors to seek in the solitude of the desert a refuge from
the miseries inflicted on them by heathen cruelty and op-
pression. At first, being few in number, they lived apart
from each other as solitary hermits ; in time, however, the
practice becoming more general, the solitaries associated
together in fraternities under the direction of a superior,
and thus the earliest monasteries were probably formed.

Incredible was the increase and diffusion of the monkish
spirit about the eighth century of the Christian era. The
monks soon became a formidable party in the ecclesiastical
state. They were styled Regulars, since each order had its
rule, to which all the members were obliged to conform;
and were thus distinguished from the secular or parochial
clergy, who mixed more in the affairs of the world at large.
Their pretensions to superior sanctity of life, and the op-
portunities which they enjoyed for the pursuits of literature
beyond the secular clergy, soon gave them a decided and
preponderating influence over the minds of the uneducated
laity. In a warlike and barbarous age, when the higher
classes of society had little leisure or inclination for learned
studies, and many of them, as well as all the lower orders,
could neither read nor write, the libraries of the several
convents were almost the sole depositaries of literature;
and while the art of printing was unknown, the monks, some
of whom were constantly employed in transcribing or illu-
minating manuscripts, or compiling their registers and
chronicles, were the only writers of the day. We must,
therefore, revert to the state of learning in Europe at that
period, and contrast it with the progress made in arts and


science during the last three centuries, in order to form a
just estimate of the causes which in a great measure contri-
buted to raise the monastic orders to that height of pros-
perity and power which they formerly possessed.* Having
made these few general remarks, we may now proceed to
take a rapid survey of the monastic establishments in this
kingdom, with the history of which the present object of
these researches is more immediately concerned.

It may fairly be concluded that Christianity was first
introduced among the Britons by their Roman conquerors, f
When, however, it was in a languishing state, owing to the
departure of the Romans before A. D. 448, and the arrival
of the idolatrous Saxons, A. D. 452, it was revived and re-
established by missionaries from the Papal court. The in-
troduction of monachism into Britain may therefore be
dated from the period when those active emissaries, Au-
gustine and Paulinus, who were both monks, landed on the
British shores, and finally established the metropolitan
churches of Canterbury, A. D. 560, and York, A. D. 625.

The Benedictine rule was at this time almost universally
prevalent among the European monks. It had been framed
in the sixth century for the use of the western church by
St. Benedict, a native of Italy, upon the basis of those by
which the monasteries in the East had long been governed.
This order of monks, the oldest and most celebrated in
Europe, appears to have been the only one which was

* See Robertson's Introduction to the History of Charles the Fifth.
The revival of learning, the invention of printing, and the Reformation of
religion were nearly contemporaneous events.

f " Tertullian and Origen speak of the conversion of the Britons to Chris-
tianity in the infancy of the church, and that they were qualified before by
their Druids for that purpose ; who always taught them to believe there was
but one God. Gildas speaks of the introduction of Christianity into Britain
in the earliest times, and Chrysostom and St. Jerome too." CAMDEN.
See Bede Eccl. Hist. lib. i. cap. 30. Parker do Anti<j. Ec-cl. Angl. Usher,
Antiq. Brit. cap. 3. p. 20.

B 2


introduced into this country prior to the Norman con-

The monasteries and nunneries belonging to the Bene-
dictine order in the ancient kingdom of Northumbria,
which was nearly the same in extent Vith the archiepiscopal
province of York, seem to have been overwhelmed along
with the churches in one common ruin by the Danish and
Norman invasions, and to have remained in this condition,
with few exceptions,* till the reign of Henry the First,
A. D. 1 100. At this time the king, the nobility, and the
nation at large, displayed a general determination to repair
the injuries which the ecclesiastics and the possessions of
the church had suffered during those great national revolu-
tions which had so recently subsided. So great was the
zeal shown by the English people in the cause, that within
150 years, from A. D. 1066, to the reign of Henry the
Third, A. D. 1216, there were founded and refounded no
less than 476 abbies and priories. Several new orders of
Religious were brought into England in the time of Henry
the First, the Cistercians, the monks of Grandmont, the
Augustine canons, the canons of the Holy Sepulchre, and
the Knights Hospitallers. Three new orders followed in the
succeeding reign : the Knights Templars, and the Praemon-
stratensian and Gilbertine canons. Soon after came the
Carthusians, and the two classes of mendicant friars, the
Dominicans and Franciscans. Such were the principal
monastic orders in England.

We have already, observed that the clergy were divided
into seculars and regulars. The latter were of two kinds,
monks and canons ; and of these the most celebrated were
the canons regular of the order of St. Augustine, f Al-
though they were a less strict sort of religious than the

* Selby Abbey was founded by the Conqueror,
t Bishop of Hippo, in Africa, A. D. 395.


monks, yet they lived together under one roof, had a
common chapel, dormitory, and refectory ; were obliged to
obey their superior, and to observe the statutes of their
order. The dress of the Augustine canons consisted of a
long black cassock, over which was a white rochet, with a
black cloak and hood, whence they were sometimes called
" Black Canons." They also wore caps on their heads in-
stead of the monkish cowl, and suffered their beards to
grow, whereas the monks were always shaven.

In every monastery the superior was styled abbot, or
prior ; the latter was the appellation by which the superior
of a society of Augustine canons was always distinguished.
Many of the abbots were mitred and sat in Parliament,
being little inferior in rank to the bishops themselves. In
all the greater monasteries they were styled lord abbot and
lord prior. They carried the pastoral staff in the right
hand, the bishops in the left.

Next under the prior in every priory was the subprior,
who assisted the prior while present, and acted in his stead
when absent.

The other officers belonging to every monastery were the
praecentor, who presided over the performance of the choir
service, and kept the register ; the sacrist, who took care of
the plate and vestments belonging to the church, and of the
burial of the dead ; the almoner, who distributed alms daily
to the poor at the gate of the convent ; the hospitaller, who
entertained strangers ; the bursar, who managed the revenue
of the convent ; the master of the works, who took charge
of the repairs of the fabric ; the chamberlain, who had
the care of the dormitory ; the cellarer, who looked after
the provisions; the refectioner, who superintended the
refectory ; the infirmarer, who attended to the wants of
the sick. There were also the cook, gardener, and

The various buildings of a monastery need not be cnu-


merated here, the reader being referred to the architec-
tural part of the following work. For it is to be observed,
that although the gate-house and the nave of the priory
church are now the principal remains of the Priory of Brid-
lington, yet in a paper published a few years ago in the
Transactions of the Society of Antiquaries,* the inventory
taken by Henry the Eighth's commissioners of the buildings
of this priory immediately before the dissolution, was se-
lected from among many others as affording the most accu-
rate description of the kind now extant. At the same time
it must be regretted that few vestiges now remain of what is
there described. Perhaps Fountains Abbey, in the West
Riding of Yorkshire, is the most complete specimen, as a
ruin, in the kingdom. The church of the monastery is
nearly entire as to the walls, but the roof is quite gone.
The chapter house, court chamber over the kitchen, the
refectory, the cloisters with the dormitory over them, and
the abbot's lodge, at a small distance from the main build-
ing, are still in a wonderfully perfect condition.

Some striking points of resemblance may still be traced
between the old monastic establishments, and the colleges
in the two Universities of Oxford and Cambridge. We


may add the case of a dean, subdean, and prebendaries,
residing within the precincts of our cathedral and collegiate
churches. Both these societies, from being originally mo-
nastic, were improved and altered at the Reformation, but
yet retain many vestiges of their original constitution, and
may be mentioned as popular illustrations in this country of
the establishments we have endeavoured to describe.

The monasteries in Yorkshire, which were the most
wealthy, their revenues being considerably more than 200/.
per annum, (which was the average income of what were
termed the lesser monasteries,) were the following : viz., of

* See Archscologia, Vol. xix. Art. 30.


the Benedictines, St. Mary's, York, 1550/., per annum ;
Selby, 7201., and Whitby, 4371. ; of the Cistercians, Foun-
tains, 998/., and Kirkstal, 3291. Of the Canons Regular of
the order of St. Augustine there were about 175 houses in
England and Wales. Of these seven were in Yorkshire :
viz., Nostel, Gisburgh, Newburgh, Kirkham, Bridlington,
Bolton and Warter, the richest being Gisburgh, 6281. ;

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