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^EOTfJ^ OF UMIVEKSAIi EMAI^CIPATIOIV.

i,V EDITED BY B. LUNDY— PUBLISHED IN WASHINGTON AND BALTIMORE— $1.00 PER ANN.

"Wfi hold tlipso trutlis to he self-cvjdont: that all men aiv created ei)iial, and endowed by their CrenToTvvilh certain
inalienable rishts; that anioiif; these are liic, lii)erty, and the pursuit oihappiness."— /Jcc^amuon ofJudr.pcndf.nce, U. S.

No. 6. Vol. II. Third Series.] CSTOBSZlj ISQl. [Whole Nu.meer 270. Vol. XII.



THE SOUTIIEUN INSURRKCTIOX.
Wc still continue to hear occasional rumors
of plots, and premeditated insurrections, in the
south. Some confessions have been drawn
,«from slaves, suspected of having been concerned
jjSin the Soutliampton conspiracj-, at diflcrent
r times and 'ih vai-ious places. We fain Vvould
hope that none of Tlicsc " confessions" Mxc been
exioricd bj the fear of the whip ; but Avhcn we
hear of the infliction of that instrument previous
thereto, (which has frequently been the case,)
wc are constrained to express our doubts of the
correctness of much of the information thus ob-
tained. But at a time when the public mind has
become so highly excited, by acts of outrageous
barbarity, it is in vain to expect that reason and
justice will strictly maintain tlieir empire, or
that the guilty and the innocent will always be
properly distinguished. Such excitements re-
semble the furious tornado, in its movements
and counter-movements. Raging and whirling,
and scattering or destroying, every thing falls
a prey to its indiscriminate ravages — the noblest
■works of nature and the proudest of art, the
beautiful things of the earth with the best insti-
tutions for the promotion of human happiness
— all, all are swept before it, as with the besom
breath of the fiend of destruction ! How neces-
sary, then, is it to avoid every species of violent
commotion, in our endeavours to produce a
wholesome reformation in society. Have not
the best reformations invariably been effected
by pacific means ? Do the fierce tempests of
passion, aided by physical violence, or the so-
ber appeals of reasonable argument and moral
persuasion, tend most to humanize the savage
heart of man ?

IGNORANT AND TEMPOIUZIXrt EDITORS.

TYRANNICAL l)OC;TUINi:S.
While we are decidedly opposed to the use of
physical violence, in any shape, with a view of
efTecting the political and moral reformation
which we have long (though feebly) advocated,
we are not disposed to listen, passively, to the
senseless tirade of every doltish or malignant
ignoramus, whom chance has elevated to public
notice, or the accompaniments of wealth and
flexibility of principle have endowed with im-
pudence and transient consequence. Looking
abroad through the diversified walks of mankind,



especially that portion of tjic human race which
is governed by the regulations of civilized soci-
ety, we are sometimes led to wonder at the ca-
priciousncss of Fate, in placing arrogant dunces
•at the top of fortune's wheel, and men possessed
of modesty and wisdo li beneath it! In no case,
perhaps, will these observations more forcibly
apply than to certain aristocratic upstarts, in
this country, Avho have placed themselves in ed-
itorial stations, and assumed the control of the
newspaper press. In numerous instances stu-
pidity, ignorance, the most temporising policy,
and at the same time the haughtiest censorious
dispositions, are manifest.

But we shall not waste much time in prefa-
cing the few remarks we intend making, at pre-
sent, upon the subjects expressed in the head-
ing to this article. We are not convinced that
the gentry, to Avhom we now particularly allude,
are either politically, morally, or intellectually,
as consequential as they fancy themselves to
be ! It were useless to while away our mo-
ments in fowling for jack-daws, Avhen more im-
portant game is in view.

In our last number we briefly adverted to the
circumstance that this work had been classed
among what the advocates of slavery denomi-
nate '■'■incendiary publications," by a Virginia
paper ; and that the editor of that print, as well
as those of the "National Intelligencer," had,
by their remarks, entitled themselves to a little
further notice. The following article appeared
in the last mentioned paper, of the 2Sth ultimo.

The Genius of Liberty, published at Lees-
burg, in Virginia, in reference to some remarks
of ours upon the character of certain publica-
tions in Boston, and their deleterious influence
on the tranquillity of the South, thus directs our
attention to a like publication, which, it is sta-
ted, issues periodically from the press in this
city :—

" In approving of these remarks, we would,
not discourteously, remind the Editors of the
Intelligencer, that the grievance of which they
complain is tolerated, to a considerable extent,
in the publication of the 'Genius of Universal
Emancipation,' printed and published in the
city of Washington, and immediately under the
eye of the city authorities. Let those editors
read its columns, and they can be at no loss to
decide upon its character."

We can hardly expect to gain credit from our
brother editor at Leesburg, when we assure
hi in that we were not aware of the existence of
such a Journal in this city as that whicli he
speaks of. We dare say, the same is the case



82



GENIUS OF UNIVERSAL EMANCIPATION.



I'i:ii .(i).->l i;i:i KiKir < aMuiii.



with the people of Boston, in rclL-retice to the
"Liberator," which is doubtless best known
hitherward. We do remember bavins: seen one
or more numbers of such a publication some
twelve months a2:o; but it was of a compara-
tirely innocent complexion, and, such as it was,
we supposed had been Ion,? discontinued. We
cannot believe, from some slight knowledge of
the editor, whose acquaintance we made about
tlie same time, that he would employ what abil-
ities he possesses in stiriiululing one portion of
the community to nius.-acre the other, as has
been deliberately done under tiie intiuence of an
enthusiasm, which may be honest, but certainly
is mischievous, in tlie other case referred to.

This is not the first time that publishers of
newspapers, in Vir2:inia, and the contiguous
States, have hurled their angry denunciations
against the Geiiiusof Universal Emancipcftion. —
But we do not recollect that the editor of the
" Genius of Liberty," with whom we have long
been acquainted, ever before uttered a syllable j
of disapprobation relative to it, when under the
immediate charge of its present proprietor. — I
Whether he now thinks it necessary to censure i
us, merely to please his slavite customers, or '
whether his nerves have recently suflered so
much from the consequences oj slavery as to ren- 1
der his vision obtuse, and derange his powers of i
ratiocination, we shall not venture an opinion. '
We had expected better things of him. But he !
has made his election, and while we grant that
he possesses a perfect right to assail us with his ^
qualified or unqualified abuse, he may be assu- !
red that our buoyant bark has weathered too I
many furious storms, to be capsized by a gentle ,
" white squall," even in the torrid clime of J
despotism. In case he chooses to identify
himself with the advocates of slavery, let him
fpeak out, as loud as lie dare. If he advances any
thing worthy of notice, he shall be attended to. j|

As to the affected ignorance, imbecile sneers, 1
and silly criticism, of the "National Intclligen- 1
cer," we should not consider them worthy a j,
moment's notice, unconnected with the remarks jj
of the Leesburg editor. Who arc they, that j
thus arrogantly toss their heads and utter their j
pointless sarcasms, with little sense, and less of i;
dignity ? A pair of court parasites, more noted
for political servility and fawning selfishness,
than either strength of intellect or extent of
general knowledge : — the one an English cock-
ney, w ith little to recommend him but his infla-
ted vanity, and the other a sprig of the negro
aristocracy of North Carolina, — both of whom
are " all things unto all men" as far as their in-
terests and " al lities" go ! With the most flexi-
ble political principles, and the patronage of
government for a series of years, they have as-
sumed a standing and importance, among poli-
t-cians and newsmongers, that nature never al-



lotted them. Prolessing patriotism and pro'Mi-
cing philanthropy, just far enough to catch i
popular breeze, they attracted the favorable i
tice of some, while dullness marked their pub-
lic career, and selfishness and aristocratic priti?
was conspicuous in their actions. The paucity
of correct ideas exhibited by them, relative to
tlie subject of emancipation, (their opportuni-
ties for acquiring information considered J is
indeed surprising. The most stupid dolt that i\ -
er catered for a periodical, might well be asham-
ed of such acknowledgements, on tlie scorr cf
ignorance, as they have frequently made. A\ •
read them a lesson upon this topic, a few yeai ■*
since, that t/iei/ have not yet forgotten. Hem-e
their ill-mannered slang, above quoted. To
them justice, they know much more of the 'i ■
niusof Universal Emancipation" than they p
tend, or wish ; — and they may possibly, i
day, be still belter acquainted with it. The !
is, they desire to curry favor with the advoc;. '■
of emancipation, in order to secure their patron-
age ; and, though opposed to their principles, thiv
DARE NOT argue the question openly and fairly.
Therefore, a plan of temporising, a real or a "-
fected admission ot^ignorance, with a little mean
ridicule of contemporary opponents, suit the
prosing dullards far better than a manly, spirited,
intelligent defence of the ground they choose to
occupy. Despicable as this course of proceed-
ing is, little more c^n be expected from men of
rather slender capacities, whom fortuitous cir-
cumstances have placed a degree above them-
selves.

It appears tliat the livci-y-bearer of the Alexan-
dria " Phenix Gazette" is also disposed to follow
in the wake of the Leesburg journalist, above
mentioned. He speaks of the Genius of Uni-
versal Emancipation, (as well as the " Libera-
tor,") as having " obtained an infamous notorie-
ty." If the man could rightfully claim a more
dignified title than that of a mere harnessed parti-
san — if he possessed a spark of independence,
he might deserve somewhat further attention. —
Malignant as his charge is, however, he finds an
endorser in the conductor of the "National Jour-
nal," who copies it without comment. — "£/ t»
Brute?"

We designed, before concluding this article,
briefly to comment on some of the tyrannical
doctrines, promulgated through the medium of
the Press, at the present time; — but our limits
will not permit, — and the subject is deferred to
a future number. The proposition of the New-
York "Courier and Enquirer," to increase the^
standing army, and station troops in the slave states ,
to PREVENT insurrections, with the responses of



GENIUS OF UNIVERSAL EMANCIPATION.



8S



t'lat Justitia Kiial (J(Eluni.



sundry other journals, willtlien be duly noticed.
A few of the reverend clergy will, also, be respect-
fully attended to.

CAPPING THK climax!

The Attorney General of North Carolina late-
ly submitted a bill of indictment to the Grand
Jury, at Raleigh, against Garrison & Knapp, of
Boston, Massachusetts .' for publishing and circu-
latins the "Liberator." The Jury returned it a
"true bill;" and what course Avill next be pursu-
ed, remains to be seen. Perhaps they will be
demanded — alive or dead ! by the Governor of
North Carolina-

In several other places it has been made pen-
al for a colored person, bond or free ! to take said
paper from the post-ofFice ! ( Is this a "land of
liberty ? " ) The only effect that such measures
can have, will be to give the "Liberator" a more
extensive circulation. "Fanatical" as Garrison
is said to be, our slavites are aiding him, essen-
tially, in forming an acquaintance with the
public.

FROM FRANCE. "GLORIOUS NEWS ! "

Liverpool papers, to the 17th September, have
been received at New-York. The following is
really "good news, if true." —

The subject of the slave trade has been open-
ed in the French Chambers. It appears that the
emancipation of the negroes, by a system of
preparation and gradual relaxation of the assu-
med right of their holders, is seriously contem-
plated. — English Paper.

Who is at the bottom of this movement in the
French Legislature ? The citizen of two na-
tions — the hero of two continents — the favorite
of two worlds— the immortal LAFAYETTE !
And not only is he laboring in the holy cause
there: — he has recently sent over a number of
Swiss and German settlers, to cultivate (exclu-
sively by free labor) his lands in Florida. This
experiment will, no doubt, be of the highest im-
portance to the United States.

BLINDNESS OF TYRANNY !

It is strange that the people of Virginia &c. do
not see that it is the slaves, instead of the free
people of color, that are so troublesome to them !
Why do they not open their eyes to the true state
of things? The following remarks, from the
"Genius of Temperance," are to the point. —

Singular Movement. — There seems to be a
general movement in Virginia on the subject of
the colored population. A memorial to the
State Legislature has been got up. The removal
o{ the free blacks seems to be the principal ob-
ject. !q eonnexicn with this, it is urged that
the emancipation of slaves by individuals should
be absolutely prohibited except on condition of
their being sent out of the country. A stranger
would suppose trom this, that the /rce blacks



had been troublesome, and the slaves quiet, so
that, unlike all other men, the blacks preferred
slavery to freedom, and must either be kept in
bondage, or sent out of the country, to keep
thenr from butchering tl)e whites. And yet the
reverse of this has been the fact, if we have read
tlic Southern papers correctly. We have heard
of no single instance of a/ret colored man join-
ing with the insurgents.

garrison's VINDICATORS.

Our good friend Morris, of the " Philadelphia
Album," is mistaken, in stating that we have
undertaken to vindicate the editorial course of
Wm. L. Garrison. He stands in no need of
our assistance, — but is tolerably able to defend
himself. We have said that, instead of urging
violent means for the abolition of slavery, as
charged by the " National Intelligencer," and
other slavite journals, he advocates moral, pacific
measures, exclusively. We wish the truth to
be known, relative to the conduct of all engaged
in our cause. Then each one may be responsi-
ble for his own acts.

tap' The following is from the Albany " Af-
rican Sentinel," of a recent date. Let the dis-
cussion take place. Truth is elicited by such
means.

A CHALLENGE.

WhydoColonizationists generally shrink from
a fair contest on the merits of their system? For
the best of all possible reasons — their cause is a
weak one ; and they seem to knoiv it. It is the in-
tention of the writer of this article to discuss the
subject with some fair and able (not to say rea-
sonable) advocate of Colonization-wm. He is
willing to hold the discussion in any paper what-
ever, or in any manner whatever — and he here-
by challenges any opposer of African emancipa-
tion or advocate of the Colonization Society who
dares defend his principles in the fair field of ar-
gument, to discuss the subject. He doubts much
the boasted courage of Colonizationists and is
now willing to test it.

He will thank his opponent whoever he may
be, to signify his consent by addressing "John
G. Stewart, Editor of the African Sentinel, Al-
bany," post paid, who will, in concert with the
author of this communication, arrange the terms
for discussion. Gardner Jones.

Xo^M York, Sept. 19th, 1831.

fCIPit is said the leader of the Southampton
insurrection, "Gen. Nat," alias Nat Turner, has
recently been taken, in the neighborhood of his
tragic exploits. If this be true, the Virginians
will feel less apprehension of similar scenes, for
a time. But had they not best take speedy
measures for the abolition of that system, which
gives birth to such bandits as " Gabriels" and
" Nat Turners ? "

gCJ^Wc are again compelled to omit the in-
sertion of many articles, prepared for this num-
ber — among others the outrage committed upoa
the person of H. D. Robinson, at Petersburg,
Virginia, and a notice of the proceedings of the
colored people's Convention at Philadelphia.

For No. II, on the "Prevention of Slave Itisur^
rections" see pages 94 and 95.



84



GENII'S OF UNIVERSAL EMANCIPATION.



I'lal Jii^Mti;i Unit Ci!



THE MExrcANs — {contbititd.)
We continue our extracts from tlie interesting
paper before us. Adverting to the Krcat re-
sources of the Mexican nation, the writer pro-
ceeds: —

After havin;? s'^'d in the two preceding num-
bers an idea of the Mi-xican population and po-
litics, these sketches of the Mexican nation will
be concluded by^ rapid survey of the immense
Mexican means of prosperity and greatness. —
Such a topic might be very properly included
under the heads of finances, agriculture, com-
merce, mines, manufactures, army, church and
state.

But before noticing these branches of national
wealth, it may be needful to recur again brietly
to the important fact, that the whole population
is free, and yearly increasing, notwithstanding
all the cheeks from civil war and struggles, do-
mestic quarrels and local ditfieulties. There is
no slavery to weaken the social system, and
nearly all Indians are cultivators, except a few
straggling small tribes in the north. The various
ancient nations of ditferent speech have all blend-
ed under the proud name of Mexicans, and pos-
S'^ss unanimity of national feeling. Thus the
Mexicans start into the rank of independent na-
tions with a double population, at least, than
the United States in 1783, and witli thrice as many
freemen. These freemen have increased one
million between 1S25 and 1830, or one in seven
within five years ; this rate would double the
whole population in thirty-live years — in much
less when peace and security shall return. A
striking fact to prove this may be found in the
State of Michoacan, the cradle of the revolution,
and that has most suffered, having increased
from '365,000 in 1822, to 450,000 in 1S27, or
85,000 in five years, at the rate of nearly 25 per
cent., which would double the population in 20
years. Thus it is not unreasonable to suppose
that, in 1S50, the Mexicans may be fifteen or
sixteen millions, and in 1870 perhaps thirty mil-
lions, which the North Americans can scaixely
exceed then, even with their slaves.

The finances arc really in a wretched state,
but the same was the casii in North America
between 1774 and 1789. It may even be assort-
ed that there is hardly any system of finances,
and yet the country otters the most ample means
to build one, if able hands could manage them,
and a Hamilton be found. The Ministers of
Finances have all been unskilful or greedy. —
The late one, Zavala, chosen by Guerrero, and
of the patriotic party, is accused of having
embezzled vast sums either for himself or his
party, and has been exiled for it. During the
revolution every thing was disorganized ; the
mines and mint almost suspended; collections
became difficult; the capitation tax of the In-
dians, which produced about $1,100,000, was
Tery properly abolished, and every thing was
thrown in a confusion from which it has not yet
fully recovered.

Before the revolution, the revenue of Mexico
was about twenty millions of dollars, of which
half was sent to Spain, and half spent in the in-
ternal admini>tration. In l-


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