Mary Kirby.

A flora of Leicestershire online

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system appears to be the most simple in its arrangement, though
perhaps deficient in some points, it has been followed in the
present list. Mr. Babington's Synopsis of the British Rubi, with
the two supplements, published in the Annals of Natural History,
though under a different arrangement, is most valuable to the
student of this extensive genus, and has been much used in draw*
ing up the characters of the different species. A fasciculus of those
here described is placed in the Leicester Museum, and another in
the Herbarium of the Botanical Society, London, for reference at
any future time.

A. Fruticosb, Biennial or Subperennial.

a. Stem arched, and rooting at the extremity, subperennial.

SuB-Div. I. Rubi Csesii. Barren stem pruinose with unequal
prickles, generally with few setae, prostrate unless supported.


XII. III. 1. R. caesius. linn, dewberry, stem glaucous, prickles
slender, leaves mostly 3-na^e, though sometimes 5-nate,
panicle simple glandular, fruit glaucous, sepals ir^exed,

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Thickets and ditches, not uncommon ; several varietiet,
with more or less prickly stems, are found in diferemi
localities. This is one of the earlier flowering specie*.
XII. III. 2. R. dumetorum. W.andN. (nemorosus, "Hayne")
stem angular setose, prickles numerom unequal, leaves
S-nate coriaceous downy beneath, central leaflet cor-
date cuspidate, panicle branched leafy more or less
setose, calyx involute in fruit, T%ickets and hedges :
one of the most common species in the county : numerous
varieties as a, glabratus, jS. pihsus, y, btfrons, d.ferox,
are found in various localities,

— — 3. R. Colemanni. (Blox. MSS.) stem smooth angular

with very numerous straight unequal slightly-declining
scattered prickles arising from a dilated base, acicuH
and set(B few, leaves S-nate and S-nate, green with
scattered hairs above, paler and densely pubescent
beneath, central leaflet orbicular cordate abruptly
cuspidate, lower pair nearly sessile overlapping, panicle
long narrow and leqfy branched at the base setose with
very numerous straight declining and strong prickles,
calyx reflexed. It differs from R, dumetorum in the
almost total absence of settB from the barren stem, the
form of the terminal leaflet and direction of the calyx.
Discovered by the Rev, W, H, Coleman in a hedge at
Packington, near Ashby 'de-la- Zouch, It appearx
somewhat intermediate between R, infestus W, 8f N.
and R, Grabowskii W,

— — 4. R. corylifolius. E. B. (sublustris. Lees,) stem nearly

round smooth, prickles small distant straight, leaves
S-nate, occasionally though rarely *J-nate, smooth
and green above, hoary with soft pubescence beneath,
central leaflet coryliform, lowest pair sessile over-
lapping, calyx reflexed. One of the earlier flowering
Rubi, Hedges and thickets, common, Mr, Leighton
has, in the Phytohgist, described several varieties of
this species, some of which have been observed in this

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SuB-Div. II. Rubi Glandolosi. Barren ftem arching or procum-
bent, more or less hairy with acicnli and setse.


XII. III. 6. R. Schlcicheri (Weihc ?) 9tem angular tpannglf tetose,
pricklea slender unequal, central leaflet cordate-acu-
minate coarsely eerrate, lowett pair eeeeile, panicle with
distant leqfy branches. Hedges and thickets: near
Twgcross, E, Lees, This mag eventuaUg prove a form
of R. dumetorum W. if N, in an earlg stage of

— — 6. R. dentatus. (R. glandulosus, d. dentatos. Bab.

Syn. Sap. No. 1.) barren stem angular with small
prickles, hairs and seteB abundant, leaves almost in-
variably 3-nate, of an ashy green, terminal leaflet
cordate at the base, panicle corymbose, generally
arching. This is nearly aUied to, if indeed a distinct
species from, R. BeUardi, W, ^ N, Plentiful in a small
plantation of firs on the Appleby road near Twy-
cross, also in hedges in the adjoining fields: found
also in the neighbouring county near Atherstone,

— — 7. R. rotundifolius. (R. glandnlosns, c rotundifolius.

Bab. Syn. Sup. No. 2.) stem angular with nu-
merous smaU prickles, hairs and seta abundant,
leaves 3-nate and 5-nate thin opake with scattered
hairs above pilose beneath, central leaflet nearly
round, branches of the panicle few and short. Near
TSpycross, in the same plantation as the former, but very
sparingly: apparently very distinct in its growing state
from R. dentatus.
Specimens of a Rubus from the same locality were
referred by Mr. Babington to R, rosaceus, JVeihe, and
by Dr. Bell Salter to R, Lefeunii, Weihe,

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XII. III. 8. R. hirtus. (W. and N.) stem procumbent very hairy,
setce and prickles numerous and unequal, leaves hairy,
central leaflet narrowly ovate cuspidate, panicle long
branched leafy with numerous seta glands and hairs.
Woods, not common: Bryan's coppice, near Ashby-
de-la-Zouch. WHC. near Beaumanor : in the walks
under Belvoir Castle.

— — 9. R. fu8CU8. (W.andN. ?) stem angular hairy with

few set(B, prickles small weak declining, central leaflet
subcordate cuspidate, panicle narrow corymbose densely
hairy and setose with slender prickles interspersed,
calyx often inflexed in fruit. Woods and hedges:
near the Gopsal lodge, Twycross : Breech hill, near
Ashby-de-la-Zouch f The plant from Breech hill ifi
considered by Mr, Lees as a form of R,macrophyUus,
and named by him R. m. var, acuminatus, I consider,
however, its nearest txffinity to be to R,fuscus W, 8f N,

— — 10. R. Babingtonii. (Bell Salt.) stem sulfate with short
^ thick-based prickles and numerous adquli and seta,

leaves Senate sometimes S-nate green on both sides hairy
very large, central leaflet cuspidate crenate-dentate,
panicle large compound racemose with numerous hairs
a^culi and setts. In woods and hedges : wood adjoining
Charley hall in Chamwood fifrest,
p, Bloxamii. T%is variety toith corymbose branches is
found in Orton wood near Twycross : it is abundant in
the adjoining county, near Atherstone and HartshiU,

— — 11. R. fusco-ater. C^.^iXi^l^,]) stem dark fuscous an"

gular arching or decumbent sparingly hairy with dense
equal seta and numerous straight unequal prickles, leaves
b-nate opake with soft pubescence underneath, central
leaflet cordate obovate cuspidate, panicle short narrow
and le(tfy, branches ascending, prickles longest about
the centre of the panicle. In hedges ; Leicester road,
Ashby^de-la-Zouch : Gallows lane near Measham:

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XII. III. 12. R. Guntheri. (W. and N. ; Bab. Syn. Sup. No. 1.)
$tem pro8trat€ angular, with scattered hairs numerous
short seta and unequal weak prickles, leaves smooth
above pilose beneath, central leaflet obovate acuminate,
panicle narrow flexuous subracemose hairy and glandular
with few weak prickles, A very distinct and well marked
species. In shady woods: South wood and Willesley
wood, near Ashby, WHC, Seal wood : also in Buddon
wood, near the large stone pit,

— — 13. R. scaber. (W. and N. ; Bab. Syn. Sup. No. 2.)

stem sub-'angular rough with strong short deflexed
prickles, aciculi seta and hairs few, leaves 3-na/e or
6-nate thin opake and dark green with scattered hairs
above, much paler but green with more numerous hairs
beneath, central leaflet obovate cuspidate with a cordate
base, flowering shoot hairy and setose with numerous
small prickles, branches of the panicle divaricate fre»
quently very large and spreading. Rare: Buddon wood:
found also in HartshiU and Bentley woods, near Ather*
stone, Warwickshire.

— — 14. R. rudis. (W. and N.) stem dark fuscous hispid with

the short seta, leaves S-nate green above and grey or
green beneath, {the latter generally in woods,) plaited
coarsely serrate, central leaflet obovate lanceolate, (in
the variety b, attenuatus of Bab, Syn, the leaves are
greatly acuminate,) panicle sometimes extremely large
{in woods 3 to 4 feet in length) spreading out below much
branched leafy usually very setose. A well marked spe-
cies. In hedges and woods: common in various parts of
the county : near Twycross : Ashhy 'de-la- Zouch, The
• variety d. attenuatus in Gopsal wood : a variety with
very small leaves {micropkyllus, Blox, MSS,J is found
by the road from Swepstone to Heather, near the
form/er place.

— — 15. R. Koehleri. (W. and N.) stem with very numerous un-

equal straight prickles and seta passing into aciculi, leaves
S-nate opake closely hairy coriaceous green beneath.


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central leaflet obovate acuminate, panicle hng with ehort
distant corymbose branches. In hedges not uncommon :
near Ashby-de-la-Zouch. WHC. near Staunion
Harold: Heather: 'Doy cross,
XII. III. R. pallidus. (W. and N. ?) a supposed variety of this spe^
cies is found in woods presenting generally the same
characters as those of R, KakUri, but much weaker in its
armature and often with 3-nate leaves on the barren
stem. Found at Bardon hiU: also in plantations about
Twycross : probably not uncommon in woods,

— — 16. R. Radula. (W. and N.) stem generally green setose,

prickles large not numerous decurved unequal, leaves
dark green above pale and white beneath, {except in
woods where owing to the shade they are also green,)
central leaflet ovate acuminate, lower pair stalked,
panicle slightly branched, the branches usuaUy short and
ascending, sparingly setose, petals generally tinged with
pink. In hedges and woods not uncommon: Twycross, %•€•

— — 17. R. Hystrix. (W. and N.) (Radula /3. hystrix. Bab.

Sjm.) stem setose with central leaflet much attenuated,,
This is well distinguished from R, Radula by its leaves
never being hoary beneath, its divaricated and more
setose panicle, and its erect calyx embracing the fruit,
A very distinct and not uncommon species. Near
Ashby-de-la-Zouch : Twycross: Little Orton: Seal
wood, 8fc,

SuB-Div. III. Rubi Villosi. Stem angular arching with occasional




XII. III. 1 8. R. calvatus. (Lees, MSS.) stem arching angular sulcate
nearly devoid of hairs of a shining red when exposed
to the sun, prickles numerous strong declining not con'
fined to the angles, leaves large S-nate green on both
sides almost devoid of hairs, the prominent ribs otdy being
inconspicuously ciliated, leaflets aU stalked, the central

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Leicestershire FLoitA. 43



one ovate or cordate ovate sharjdy and deeply apiculate
dentate acuminate, panicle long fleruoue with numeroue
axiUary gradually shortening mang'fiorcered hranchee
Uftfy nearly to the summit, peduncles densely hairy
closely armed with long pale prickles, calyx tomentose,
the sepals loosely refiexed in flower and fruit, A large
and remarkalde species nearly aUied to R. sylvaticus, com-
mon in several parts of the county : near Twycross, on
the Appleby road, abundantly: near Ashby^de-la*
Zouch : between Loughborough and Wymeswold,

xu. III. 19* R. sylvaticas. (W. and N.) stem angular with soli*
iary spreading hairs, prickles moderate, numerous de-
clining, leaves B-nate large soft and flexible green
on both sides softly pubescent beneath, central leaflet
cordate-ovate with shallow apiculate dentations and a
long cusp, flowering branches numerous, leafy, floral
leaves usually Z-fid or simple, calyx clothed with long
soft hairs, sepals elongated loosely refiexed in flower and
fruit. Seal wood, near Overseal, R, villicaulis, (W,
and Nj is probably only a variety of this. I have
found what I consider to be this latter species on Bardon
hUl and near Packington,

— -^ 20. R. mucronatus. (Blox. MSS.) (R. sylvaticus,
Leighton Fasc. ?) stem round or very slightly angular,
densely hairy near the root, less hairy above, prickles
very few weak straight, leaves 5-nate thin green on
both sides slightly hairy, central leaflet cordate orbi-
cular or broadly ovate abruptly cuspidate,panicle narrow
of few branches mostly 1 and 2-flowered {rarely more
than 3,) on long peduncles, rachis clothed with a dense
ashy tomentum with seta and glands intermixed. This
apparently well-marked species has been referred by
some to R. sylvaticus (W, and Nj ; but its general
aspect, peculiarly formed leaves, and simple panicle
with long pedicels usually 1 and 2-flowered, indicate a
closer affinity to the R. lingua at W. and N, than to their
R. sylvaticus. In woods and hedges : Seal wood : near

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XII. III. 21. R. vestitus. (W. and N.) (leucostachys, /3. ves-
titus. Bab. Syn.) stem angular covered with haira in
fascicles, prickles strong hairy numerous, sometimes with
smaller ones or seta, leaves Senate coriaceous with henry
very prickly petioles, generally white beneath when ex-
posed to the sun, with considerable pubescence, having
a dense clothy feel beneath, central leaflet orbicular
cordate cuspidate, panicle long densely hairy corymbose.
Woods, thickets and hedges, one of the more common and
easily recognized species; the petals are frequently of a
beautiful pink, though generally white, Gopsal
wood : between Heather and Ravenstone, 8fc, 8fC,

SuB-Div. IV. Rubi Pilosi. Stem arching, angular, with equal
prickles, sparingly clothed with spreading hairs.


XII. ill. 22. R. carpinifolius. (W. and N.) stem angular with
scattered hairs, prickles dejlexed leaves S-nate rarely
though sometimes T-nate hairy above pubescent beneath,
central leaflet obcordate or obtusely wedge shaped with
a long cusp acutely serrate, panicle narrow its branches
ascending close at the summit. Hedges and woods : not
uncommon : abundant near Twy cross : near Ashby-de-la-
Zouch, 8fc,

— — 23. R. Sprengelii. (W. and N.) Stem, round or angular
frequently prostrate clothed with long hairs and armed
with very small hooked prickles, leaves generally 3-nate
occasionally b-nate green thin smooth above and beneath,
central leaflet obovate cuspidate sharply serrate, panicle
slender with divaricate branches, petals small obtuse
rugose of a delicate pink color. In woods: Bardon
hill, on the left of the ascent from the Keeper's lodge,
fi. Borreri. (R. Borreri, Bab. Syn.) differs from the
above chiefly in being of a stouter form with larger
prickles and leaves generally b-nate. In woods : South
wood and Bryan's Coppice, near Jshby-de'la- Zouch,

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XII. III. 24. R. amplificatus. Lees. (R. macrophyllu8,y. aropliiica-
tus, Bab. Syn.) stem decumbent very long and trailing,
with scattered hairs and few deflated prickles^ leaves
S-nate, leaflets ohovate acuminate, almost smooth above,
pale green and pubescent beneath, panicle short ascending
and few flowered above. In hedges, common : near
T\cycro8s, Ashbg-dC'la-Zouch, 8fc.

— — 25. R. Schlectendalii. (W. and N. ?) Probably only a
stouter form of the foregoing. The panicle and leaves are
extremely large, but in all other respects it resembles
ampmicatus, and both these may eventually prove
varying forms of R, macrophyUus (W, and N,J

SuB-Div. V. Rubi Candicantes. Stem sulcate angular, glaucous,
hoaiy when young.


xn. III. 26. R. fruticosus. E. B. ; (R. discolor, a, Bab. Syn*)
stem glaucous with minute pubescence, prickles very
strong and falcate generally very numerous, leaves
i-nate smooth above hoary white beneath, coriaceous,
central leaflet obovate oblong acute, panicle long narrow
compound hoary with patent almost lecfkss branches.
In hedges common : it is one of the latest flowering and
fruiting specie, and the fruit is generally inferior in
size and flavour to many others,

^- — 27. R. thyrsoideus, (Wimm.) (R. di8Color,i3. thyrsoideus
Bab. S)m.) stem stout angular with few hairs, prickles
strong hooked, leaves S-nate smooth above hoary white
beneath, central leaflet obovate or oblong cuspidate,
panicle elongate thyrsoid tomentose, A very distinct
species from the former, not uncommon in the county :
near Twycross: in Gallows lane, near Measham:
Kirkby Mallory : Shackerstone : near Loughborough,
Plentiful near Moira. WHC,

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SuB-DiY. VI. RubiNitidi. Stem arched, angalar, sulcate, smooth;
prickles nearly equal ; sepals reflexed.


XII. III. 28. R. cordifolius. (W. and N.) stem deeply 9ulcat9
emooihy prickles straight horizontal or declining, leemet
B-nate coriaceous smooth above greyish green beneath,
leaflets aU stalked, central one cordate cuspidate, lower
pair not overlapping the intermediate pair, panicle
lying flat rather long, lower branches spreading.
Woods and hedges : near Twycross : between Sheepy
Magna and Ratcliffe, South Wood, near Ashby^de'la'
Zouch. WHC,
p. rhamnifolius. a smaller fastigiate variety of the ahmte,
the central leaflet having a very long stalk is found in
Gallows lane, near Measham ; and near Swepstone and

— — 29. R. nitidus. Bab. Syn. ; (lindleianus. Lees ?) stem

angular shining smooth, prickles declining dilated at
the base, leaves 5-nate generally plaited at the edge,
lower pair stalked not overlapping, central leaflet obovate
acuminate, panicle very prickly compound leqfy with
numwous branches generally spreading at right angles
to the stem. Hedges and thickets not uncommon, easily
recognized by the form of the panicle and the plaited
leaves which bear a resemblance in this respect to R,
rudis, ( W, and Nj A form considered by Mr, Babington
• as a variety of the above is found in OaUows lane

near Measham, and also about Moira, the panicle of
which is very large and pyramidal, the leaves ovate
cordate scarcely plaited at the edge, and the general
aspect of the plant different,

— — 30. R. Grabowskii. (Weihe?) (Bab. Syn. Sup. No. 1.)

stem arching angular glabrous, prickles moderately
numerous, strongly deflexed, leaves Senate glabrous

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dark green above ashy beneath, central Uaflet broader
than long cordate abruptly cu9pidate,panicle long narrow
and compound nearly glabroui, prtckles very numeroui
declining, the lateral leavee of the panicle generally
lobed on the lower $ide, A very peculiar $pecie$, hitherto
only found in one locality near Cadeby»

b. Erect or sub-erect, not rooting at the extremity, biennial ?

SuB-Div. VII. Rubi Sub-erecti. Sub-erect with 6-nate or 7-nate



XII. III. 31. R. affinis. (W. and N.) stem mostly sub-erect some-
times elongated and arching, prickles generally strong
numerous d^fleaed, leaves 5-nate, very rarely 7^nate,
green above with pubescence beneath, central leaflet
obovate with a long cusp, panicle broad compound with
strong hooked prickles. Woods arid hedges: near Staun-
ton Harold : Newbold Verdon : com$non in Chamwood
A weak'er form of this species var. tenuis, Blox. MSS,
is found between Staunton Harold and Breedon : the
prickles are less numerous, slender, nearly straight and

— — 32. R. plicatus. (W. and N.) stem sub^erect angular,
prickles defiexed or curved strong, leaves generally Senate
rarely 7'naie, central leaflet cordate cuspidate plicate,
panicle almost simple racemose, fruit red, A species
flowering in almost every month from June to October:
not uncommon: near Tufycross, on the Appleby road:
Seal wood: Chamwood Forest: near Boothorpe : South
wood, near Askby-de-la-Zouch. WHC.
p. carinatus. a variety cf the above, resembling a speci-
men so named received from Dr, BeU Salter, is found
in Long lane, bettoeen Ibstock and Bardon, in the hedge
near where the Baikooy crosses.

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XII. III. 33. R. suberectus (Anders. ?) stem tuherect angular,
prickles few small straight subulate, leaves 5-7-nate
flexible green cordate ovate acuminate, lower pair suh-
sessile, leaflets of flowering shoot narrowed below, panide
simple, slightly hairy, the upper flowers on long pedicels.
In a wood adjoining Charley hall : Chamu>ood forest.

— — 34. R. fastigiatus. (W. and N. })Jform nearly resem-
bling the preceding, but with a more leafy panicle, is found
on the banks cf Moira Reservoir, in a plantation near the
boat-house, WHC. It may possibly be the R, fastigiatus

SuB-Div. VIII. Rubi Idsei. Erect, most commonly with pinnate


XII. III. 36. R. Idseus, (Uim,) stem round pruinose covered toifh
minute prickles, leaves pinnate with 5 or 3 ovate
leaflets white beneath, flowers in axillary corymbs
drooping, fruit red, occasionally yellow. Near Twy-
cross: Ashby-de-la-Zouch, 8fc. not uncommon: both
the red and yellow fruited varieties are found at Tky-

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XII. III. Rosaspinosissima. bumetroie. Orohy: Twycross : foot'
way between Stretton and Nethereeal, AB. Gracedieu
wood. CB. Near Whatton haU. CL.

— — R, Sabini. Sabine's rose, near Twycroes, AB,

b. Doniana. Kirhy Muxhe : between Leiceater and
Ayleetone. MK,

c. scabriuscula. Kirby Muxloe, MK.

— — R. viUosa. soft-leaved round-fruited rose. Kirby Mux-

he: between Aylestone and Blaby, MK, Twy cross,
AB, Newtown lAt^ord. JM. *Stathem.
b. tomentosa. common,

— — R. rubiginosa. true sweet-briar, between Market Bos*

worth and Newbold : between Congerstone and Barton :
Cadeby, Dr, E, Appleby: Twycross: Braunstone:
between Ashby-de-la-Zouch and Lount, AB,

b. inodora. slightly-scented rose, near Kirby Mux*

c. micrantha: small-flowered sweet-briar, not itn-
common: Kirby Muxloe, MK, Bosworth and
Cadeby, NPS, Tramway near Lount wood:
Breedon Cloud wood, WHC, Twycross. AB.

— — R. canina. dog rose, very common,

b. sarmentacea. (leaflets naked, carinate; sarratures
compound.) common.

c. surculosa. (leaflets naked flat, serratures simple.)
footway to T%urcaston, near Beaumont Leys, MK,

d. dumetorum. (leaflets hairy flat.) common.

e. Forsteri. (leaflets hairy, not flat,) campestris,
(concave green.) near Kirby Muxloe : Aylestone
road : Spinney hills. MK,

f. bractescens. (bracteas, very large, overtopping
the fruit.) Hallgates lane, near Svnthland, MK.

— — R. arvensis. trailing dog-rose, common,

IT. I. Sanguisorba ofiicinalis. great bumet. common.

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XXI. VII. Poterium sanguisorba. salad bumet. banks near Croft.

AB. Dane hiUs. CT. Sand lane to Stoughion, FTM.

Overseal. JM, Pit in diluvium near Farm Town,

by the lane to Packington, WHC.
IV. I. Alchemilla vulgaris, lady's mantle, cofwmon,

— — A. arvensis. parsley piert. meadows and pastures, com-

mon : not seen nearer to Ashby than Breedon Cloud
lime works, WHC,
XII. II. Crataegus oxyacantha. hawthorn, common,

— — Pjrrus communis, wild pear, a few trees about Market

Bosworth, AB,* Lane from Stonygate to Stoughton :
near Evington, FTM, Leicester road, Ashby-de-la"
Zouch: Farm Town Cohorton, WHO,

— — P. malus. crab, common,

— — P. Aria.

b. pinnatifida. near Ashby-dc'la-Zouch, A B, Scarce^f
wild being in a shrubbery at the Altons, NPS,

— — P. aucuparia. mountain ash. common in woods on the


The manner in which the root shoots grow is some guide in
distinguishing the roses. Canines and rubiginosa have these bent
like a bow; in villosa they are quite erect. The flagelliform shoots
of arvensis prevent its being confounded with systyla, R, rubi'
ginosa, and tomentosa, produce setigerous and naked fruit, in some
instances indiscriminately on the same bush, but R, involuta,
SaUni, villosa, ^c, have never been found without setigerous hips.
Pubescence on the leaves is usually of no consequence, R, canina
has frequently smooth and hairy leaves on the same plant ; in that
species, and tomentosa, there is every gradation from the most
perfect nudity to the most dense pubescence. On the form and
inequality of the prickles, and the presence of setae on the branches
much stress is laid in determining the species, but Mr. J. Lindley
says that pubescence on the branchesj peduncles, or tube of the
calyx, is the only invariable character. — See John Lindley*s Rosarum

* Two fields on the glebe take their names from these trees. NPS.

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*E08e the ftdrest of aU flowen,

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