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Mary Neilson Jackson.

Gettysburg College Catalog (Volume 1996/97-1998/99) online

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strengthen their knowledge in areas not covered
in their other course work in the department.
Gonducted in German.

IN COLOGNE:

325 German Short Fiction Study of the literature
of German-speaking coimtries from the end of
World War II to the present. Course introduces
students to authors and genres representing
important literary currents and historical
developments of the posnvar era. Conducted in
German.

Individualized Study Guided reading or research
under the supervision of a facult)' member.
Prerequisite: Permission of department.

HEALTH AND EXERCISE SCIENCES

Professor Biser (Chairperson)

Associate Professors Claiborne and Donolli

Assistant Professor Stiiempfle

Instructor D. Petrie

Adjunct Instructors Cantele, Cookerly, Showvalker,
and B. Streeter

Coaches: Campo, Condon, Daly, Janczyk, Kirkpatrick,
G. Petrie, Pfitzinger, Rain, Raiuleigh (Aquatics
Director), Schniid, B. Streeter (Assistant Director of
Campus Recreation), Streeter, Winters (Director of
Intercollegiate Athletics), Waivrousek, C. Wright
(Director of Campus Recreation), D. Wright
(Assistant Athletic Director).



Overview

The department's philosophy is a holistic one.
We believe in the Greek ideal of "a sound mind
in a sound body." The College stresses the
individual need for total fitness for all students
through our required courses. Our majors'
courses offer those students with a particular
interest in health and exercise sciences a
rewarding and well rounded educational and
life experience.

A major in health and exercise sciences (HES)
is an excellent preparation for specific areas,
such as state-approved teaching certification in
health and physical education (K-12),
precertification in athletic training, and allied
health careers. With proper course selection,
students can qualify for post graduate work in
allied health fields such as physical, occupational,
and recreational therapy. The College has
recendy entered into an agreement with
Allegheny University Graduate School for early
acceptance of selective graduates who meet the
criteria for admission into the entry-level
Master's Degree Program in Physical Therapy.

Requirements and Recommendations

Major Requirements: HES majors must satisfy all
College distribution requirements. Psych. 101
and Soc. 101 are the preferred social science
courses. Biology 101 and 102 are required for
teacher education and should be taken during
the first year. Biology 111 and 112 are required
for students interested in Allied Health Sciences.

Majors required to complete seven core courses,
plus courses in an area of concentration. The
seven core courses are as follows: HES 112, 209,
210, 214, 218, 309, and 320. In addition to
taking the core program, all majors select an
area of concentration and complete the courses
specified.

a) Allied Health Science Track: Each student is
reqtiired to take the following courses: HES
101,102, 201, 202, HES, 310, 415, 449, Math 107
and Chemisti-y 101, 102 and/or Physics 103,
104. Those students considering graduate work
in Physical Therapy should take Chemistry 111,
112 (instead of Chemistry 101, 102) and (in
consultation with the department chairperson)
should consider taking HES 21 1, BIO 309, and
Chemistry 203, 204. For athletic training
students wanting NATA certification, HES 361 is
required, and either HES 211 or HES 230.

b) Teacher- Education Track: For students
graduating in the K-12 teacher certification



program (elementary and secondary teacher
education), the following courses are required:
HES 101, 102, 201, 202, 301, 302, HES 211, 230,
310, 332, Education 201, 209, and Psychology
101, 225. In order to complete teacher
certification Education 303, 304, and 476 must
be completed. (See listings and requirements in the
Department of Education and under Teacher
Education Programs.)

Faculty ad\isers are available to help in counseling,
but students have the sole responsibility for
meeting all major requirements. It is important
to declare the HES major early in the four-year
curriculum; failure to do so often means an
additional semester or Uvo to complete the
program.

The department strongly recommends that all
HES majors complete an internship in order to
gain practical experience and insights into a
specified area of interest. Internships may be
taken during the summer months or during the
regular academic year. Applied experiences may
be arranged in such settings as sports medicine,
physical therapy, adult fitness, cardiac
rehabilitation, sports administration, or sports
management. Grading is contracted between
the student and the faculty sponsor on an A-F or
S/U basis and is determined by the sponsor and
the cooperating internship supervisor.

It is highly recommended that each student
participate in our intercollegiate program in
one of the following levels: player, student
athletic trainer, manager, student coach,
laboratory assistant, or sports information.
Above participation is to be accomplished once
each year that the student is enrolled in the
program.

Minor Requirements: Stvidents must meet the
prerequisite in the natural sciences by
completing Biology, 101, 102, or 112. The
following five courses are required: HES 209,
210, 214, 218, and 309. The student may choose
one course from the remaining to complete the
minor: HES 230, 241, 310, 332, 361, 415, or 449.

Distribution/Liberal Arts Requirements

For nonmajors, the half credit course in
wellness and one-quarter credit course in
fitness/recreational skills are required for
graduation. These courses are graded only on
an S/U basis. The wellness class must be taken
during the first term of enrollment.

HES 332 fulfills the liberal arts quantitative
reasoning requirement.



HEALTH/WELLNESS

HES 107 Wellness Lifestyles Course examines
the indi\adual from an emotional, intellectual,
occupational, physical, social, and spiritual
perspective. Emphasis is on self-responsibility in
living a wellness lifestv'le.

FITNESS/RECREATIONAL SKILLS ACTIVITIES

FITNESS ACTIYTTIES

Aerobics

Basic Karate

Body Conditioning (Aerobics, Anaerobics,

Weight Training)

Challenge Course

Fitness Swim

Martial .A.rts**

Mountain Biking

Running & Jogging (Self-Paced)

Water Polo

Yoga**
(These courses are designed to improve cardio-
respiratory fitness).
**Requires extra fee

RECREATIONAL SKILLS

Activities for Children

.\rchery

Badminton

Basketball

Beginner's Swim

Golf

Horsemanship**

Indoor Lacrosse

Indoor Soccer

International Games

Lifeguarding**

Scuba**

Skiing**

Softball

Tennis

Volleyball
(These activities are designed for the
development of teaching life time skills)
**Requires extra fee

Students who are unable to participate due to
medical reasons in the regular programs should
enroll in HES 106, Adapted Physical Education,
which can be substituted for courses in any skill
except HES 107.

101, 102, 201, 202, 301, 302 Major Skills Skill
development and methods and techniques of
class organization and instruction for the
following physical education activities: lacrosse,
field hockey, wrestling, swimming, gymnastics,
folk-square-social dance, baseball, Softball,



>



tennis, aerobics, conditioning, weight-training
badminton, elementary school teaching, golf,
archery, soccer, elementary-junior high-senior
high games and recreational activities, basketball,
\ olleyball, and track and field. Course is for
liealth and exercise sciences majors. 1/4 course
each.
Staff

I 12 Foundations of Health, Physical Education,
and Recreation Introduction to the development
of health, physical education, and recreation
programs from historical, philosophical, and
contemporary perspectives. Special emphasis is
]ilaced on current controversial issues existing
in physical education and athletics, as well as on
the diversity of career options available within
allied health sciences.
Ms. Claiborne, Mr. D. Peine

209 Human Anatomy Introduction to human
anatomy. Systems of the body are examined,
with emphasis placed on the integration of
structure and funcdon. Topics include cells,
connective tissues, skeletal system, muscle tissue,
nervous system, special senses, and circulatory
system. Prerequisites: h\o\o^' 101, 112.
Mr Biser

1 1 Human Physiology Systems of the body are
studied, with emphasis on the integration of
structure and function. Topics include
endocrine regulation, respiration, nutrition,
metabolism, fluid electrolyte and pH balance,

I eproducdon, development/ inheritance, and
the digestive and urinary systems. Three class
hours and laboratory. Course is designed
specifically for student entering fields of allied
health. Prerequisites: ^io\o^ 111, 112.
Ms. Stuempfle

1 1 1 Personal and Community Health Critical
look at relevant health issues of this decade.
Careful inspection of data concerning drugs,
human sexuality, marriage and family living, old
age, and pollution is included, along with an
examination of the relationship of personal
health problems to the community at large.
Prerequisites: HES 209, 210, or permission of
instructor.

Mr D. Petrie

214 Athletic Training I Preparation of the
prospective athledc trainer for the prevention
and care of injuries. Course includes instruction
about protective equipment, safet)' procedures,
and facilities, as well as preparation of the



athlete for competition, emergency procedures,
post-injury care, and medical research related to
training and athletics. Material in the official
Red Cross Standard First Aid courses is given,
and certificates can be earned. Practical work
covered includes massage, taping, bandaging,
and application of therapeutic techniques.
Mr Biser, Mr Cantele, Ms. Steumpfle

218 Kinesiology Study of voluntary skeletal
muscles, in regard to their origins, insertions,
actions, innervations and interrelationships with
other body systems. Study of arthrolog\',
neurology, and wholesome body mechanics is
also stressed. Prerequisite: HES 209 or permission
of instructor.
Mr DovoUi. Ms. Steumpfle

230 Nutrition and Performance ln\esdgation of
human nutrition, focusing on the nutrients and
factors that affect their utilization in the human
body. Emphasis is placed on the effects of various
nutrients on fitness and athletic performance.
Topics include nutritional quackery, weight
control, and pathogenic practices among athletes.
Prerequisite: Biolog)' 111.
Ms. Claiborne

240 Sport Psychology Study of the principles
and concepts used in sports psycholog)'. Topics
of personality and the athlete, success strategies
of performance, and motivational theories are
covered in depth. History of sports psychology
and the psychology' of play and competition are
also stressed. Prerequisite: VsychoXo^' 101.
Mr fanczyk

309 Exercise Physiology Study of integradon of
the body systems in performance of exercise,
work, and sports activities. Both acute and
chronic stresses are considered. Performance of
exercise activities by the body under
environmental stress situations. Laboratory
experiences include the measurement of
physiological parameters under exercise
conditions.

Mr Petrie

310 Principles and Techniques of Adult Fitness

Provides an understanding of exercise
prescription for healthy adults and those with
coronary heart disease risk factors. Standard
fitness testing techniques are demonstrated in
supplemental laboratory sessions. All exercise



testing and prescription considerations are
taught in accordance with guidelines established
by the ACSM. Prerequisite: HES 309 or permission
of instructor.
Ms. Claiborne

320 Corrective and Adapted Physical Education

Provides instruction, experiences, and
observations of the school environment and of
school children. Specific abnormalities of
people are studied, and exercises are adapted
for individuals to allow more complete
personalitv' and physical development through
activity. A laboratory experience allows students
to gain first-hand experience in working with a
special needs person. Prerequisites: HES 209, 210,
218, or permission of instructor.
Mr. Rawleigh, Staff

332 Measurement and Evaluation in Health and
Physical Education Concentration on test
preparation in the cognitive, psychomotor, and
affective domains; application of measurement
and evaluation optics; analysis of data through
the use of computers; and participation in field
experiences with standardized testing. Laboratory
activities acquaint students with testing situations
and procedures in measuring the parameters of
health and physical education.
Staff

342 Biomechanical Analysis of Sport Skills

Study of the science that investigates the
mechanics of the human body at rest or in
motion. Course covers basic mechanical
principles of statics and dynamics and
application of these in the analysis of sport
activities. Laboratory experiences include an
analysis of a selected sport skill. Prerequisites:
HES 209, 210, 218, and permission of instructor.
Mr D. Petrie

361 Athletic Training II Study of sports injury
assessment process. Primary assessment, first
aid, CPR, and basic taping procedures are
assumed competencies. The NATA competencies
dealing with the cognitive and psychomotor
competencies of assessment and evaluation of
the upper and lower extremities are examined
in depth. Professional interaction vnxh doctors
and other allied health professionals is required.
Course is required for the NATA Certification
Exam. Prerequisites: HES 209, 210, 214.
Mr Donolli



362 Therapeutic Exercise Advanced course
concerning therapeutic exercise and
rehabilitation/reconditioning of athletes.
Intended for students majoring in Health and
Exercise Sciences with an emphasis in athletic
training. Course consists of lectures and
laboratory experiences that explain the theory
and application of therapeutic exercise and
equipment used for rehabilitation and
reconditioning athletes. Specific cognitive,
psychomotor and affective domain learning
competencies are considered from the NATA
Certification exam. Prerequisites: HES 209, 210,
214.

Staff

363 Therapeutic Modalities The study of
therapeutic modalities for the treatment and
rehabilitation of injuries. This course will
provide the necessary information for the Allied
Health student to develop problem solving and
application skills of therapeutic modalities for
the treatment of injuries. Prerequisites: HES
209.210,214,

Ms. Steumpfle

4 1 5 Advanced Exercise Physiology In-depth studv
of various faclois affecting hiunan performance,
with emphasis on regulation of various bodily
functions at rest and during physical activity.
Laboratory activities acquaint students with
equipment and testing procedures used in
measuring physiological parameters.
Prerequisite: HES 309.
Mr. D. Petrie

449 Introduction to Research Provides
theoretical basis for conducting, interpreting,
and analyzing research in physical education
and exercise science. Course focuses on
problem identification, project planning and
instrumentation, and data collection. Written
senior thesis presented to HES faculty is
required. Prerequisite: HES 332, Math 107, or
permission of instructor.
A/5. Claiborne

464 Honors Thesis Course allows selected senior
HES majors to conduct original research imder
the direction of a thesis committee. Upon
completion of a formal thesis, each student
orally presents the nature and results of the
study to the entire HES staff. Successful
completion of the program entitles the student
to receive credit for one course that can be
applied toward the HES major. Prerequisites: HES
449 and invitation of the department.
Staff



HISTORY




Professors Birkner (Chairperson) and Boritt
Associate Professors Chiteji and Forness
Assistant Professors Bowman, Greene, Sanchez,

and Shannon
Instructor Cupples
Adjunct Assistant Professors Pijning, Pinsker,

and Waldkoenig
Adjunct Instructor LaFantasie

Overview

The department aims to acquaint students with
the concept of history as an organized body of
knowledge and interpretation that shapes "the
memory of things said and done." Mastery
within this broad field provides an appreciation
of history as literature, an understanding of our
heritage, and a perspective by which one may
thoughtfully evaluate our own time. Through
classroom lectures and discussions, an
introduction to research, and seminars, the
department encourages the student to develop
as a liberally educated person. History courses
help prepare students for graduate study and
for careers in teaching, law, the ministry, public
service, business, and other fields.

Requirements and Recommendations

Requirements for a major are ten courses,
including a 100-level history course. History 300
(in the sophomore year), and one of the senior
research seminars. 7\11 majors must pass at least
three additional 300-level courses and three
courses at the 200 or 300 level chosen from at
least three of four groups: American, European,
African, or Asian history. Senior research
seminars, numbered 408 to 414, are normally
restricted to history majors, for whom one is
required. A selection from the list of seminars is
offered each year. They provide students with an
opportunity to work in small groups with a
faculty member in research upon a selected
topic. Typically, participants are expected to
engage in reading, discussion, oral reports,
writing of formal papers based on individual
research, and criuques of each other's work.
The minor in history consists of six history
courses, of which no more than two may be at
the 100 level and at least two must be at the 300
level. One course may be among the courses of
other departments listed below. No courses
taken S/U may be included.

Greek 251 (Greek History) and Latin 251
(Roman History) may be counted toward the
ten-course reqviirement for the history major. A



student who has declared a double major in
history and a modern language may, with
special permission from the chairperson of the
department of history, count one of the following
courses toward the ten-course requirement for
the history major (but not toward the 300-level
requirement): French 211; German 311, 312;
Spanish 310, 311.

Distribution/Liberal Arts Requirements

All courses except History 300 fulfill the
distribution requirement in history/philosophy.
All courses fulfill the liberal arts humanities
requirement.

The following courses meet the distribution
requirement in non-Western culture: 104, 221,
222,271,272,321,322.

103 Europe. Asia, and Africa: 1750-1930

Introduction to the history of the modern world
from approximately 1750 to about 1930. Focus
is on the comparative global history of Asia,
Africa, and Europe during this period. Course
examines economic, political, and cultiual
interactions between these three continents,
and includes some history of the Atnericas to
round out the picture of world history. Themes
include global economics (slave trade, industrial
revolution (s), world markets), imperialism,
nationalism, and world war. Course is intended
as an introductory history class for all students
and fulfills one of the Humanities requirements.
Course also fulfills the global history
requirement for majors.
Mr Bowman

104 History of the Islamic World to 1800

hitroduction to the Islamic world from the
origins of Islam to the decline of the Ottoman
Empire. Course examines the geographical
spread of Islam, terms of encounter with
regional populations, and resulting exchanges.
Students read the work of a Muslim historian
and explore the role of Sufism in winning
converts.
Ms. Powers

105 The Age of Discoveries, 1 300- 1 600 Course
focuses on economic and cultural interactions
betvveen Europe, Asia, the Muslim world, and
the Americas, and places great "discoveries" of
Western history-the new World, conquests,
the"rebirth" of andquity, and the beginnings of
modern science-within their context of cross-
cultural exchange. Students consider literary,



scientific, and religious influences on indi\idual
encounters, as well as historians' explanations
for long-term global realignments during a
d>iiamic period in world history.

Ms. Sanchez, Ms. Cupples

106 The Atlantic World, 1600-1850 Examination
ot the development of an Atlantic world system
that connects Europe, Africa, and the Americas.
Students study Adantic communities in a
comparative context that emphasizes
international trade and communication,
encounters between native and colonial
peoples, the rise and fall of New World slavery,
and the development of new national identities.
Mr. Shannon

1 1 The Twentieth-Century World Historical
change in the global setdng, from the
ascendancy of the pre-First World War empires
to the present. Topics include technological
development, imperialism and decolonizadon,
world wars, polidcal revolutions, social and
economic forces, and the reshaping of thought
and the arts in the diverse cultures of humanity.
Prerequisite: W'KXory 109.
Mr Birkmr, Mr Chiteji, Ms. Greene

203, 204 History of the British Isles Survey of
Bridsh history from ancient dmes to the present.
Includes heland, Scodand, and the overseas
empire. Dividing point between the two courses
is 1815.
Mr. Shannon

206 Spain and the New World Examinadon of
the social, cultural, and political history of Spain
and the New World from 1450 to 1700. Special
attention is given to the effects which the
discovery of the New World had on Spain and
Latin America and the manner in which Spain
imparted its institutions, culture, and beliefs to
the peoples it conquered.
Ms. Sanchez

209 Women's History since 1500 Survey of the
main themes in women's history since 1500,
drawing on a comparative approach to incorporate
European and American materials.

Ms. Cupples, Ms. Sanchez

210 History of Early Modern France

Examination of major themes in French social,
economic, and cultural history, from the reign
of Francis I and the emergence of the
Renaissance state to the Revolution with its



sweeping away of the order associated with that
state. Course concentrates on the changing
social and economic structure of the period, as
well as on the contemporaneous evolution of
"popular" and political culture.
Ms. Cupples

215,216 History of Russia Survey of the major
political, social, economic, and intellectual
trends in Russian history. First semester begins
with the earliest Russian state and ends with the
reign of Catherine the Great; second semester
covers the years from 1801 to the present.
Mr Bowman

218 Modern Germany Introduction to the
history of modern Germany, addressing
political, economic, cultural, and social
developments since 1800, with special attention
given to the Bismarckian and Wilhelminian era.
World War I, the Weimar and Nazi periods,
World War II, the Holocaust, and the era of the
two Germanys. Students may not receive credit for
this course and Hist-C218 taught in Cologne.
Mr. Bowman

221, 222 History of East Asia Stuvey of East
Asian civilizations to approximately 1800 (in
221), and of East Asian political, social, and
intellectual developments since the Western
invasions of the nineteenth century (in 222).
Ms. Greene

230 Native Americans and Europeans in North
America Course focuses on encounters and
adaptations between Native American and
European peoples in North Ainerica from 1500
to the present. Topics include the demographic
consequences of contact; the impact of
European trade, religion, and war on native
societies; relations between Native Americans
and the U.S. government; and the question of
Native American identity in the modern world.
Mr. Shannon

233 Mission, Destiny, and Dream in American
History Introduction to American history from
the seventeenth century to the present, focusing
on intertwining themes of the American
people's belief in their unique mission and
destiny in the world and their dream of creating
an ideal societ)'. Students examine these themes
through major events and movements in
Ainerican social, economic, and cultural life,
and in politics and diplomacy.
Mr Forness



>



234 American Religious History Introduction to
major public religious movements, events, and
leaders in American history. Students engage in
historical research of local religious places and
explore the connections between national,
regional, and local historical events. Special
attention is devoted to the role of religion in
democratic society and the continuing question
of the relationship of church and state in
.\merican life.
Mr. Waldkoenig



Online LibraryMary Neilson JacksonGettysburg College Catalog (Volume 1996/97-1998/99) → online text (page 78 of 94)