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Mary Neilson Jackson.

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selected aspects of European histoid from the
outbreak of the First World War in 1914 to the
end of the Second World War in 1945.

319 Europe since 1945 Perspectives on postwar
Europe: reconstruction, de-Nazification, de-
Stalinization, the end of the colonial empires,
nationalism and European integration, and the
role of the state and of religion, with the
reflection of these in culture and societv.



323 Gender in Modern Japan Kxamiiiation of
Japanese history troni tlie 1600s to the present
rising gender as tlie main categoi-y of analysis.
Connections between gender constructions (of
proper masculine and feminine roles) and the
modernizing process are explored. Topics and
themes include class differences, religious
attitudes, political participation, sexual
orientation, legal rights, militarism, educational
and employment opportiuiities, participation in
sports and the arts, and the role of the family.

334 Law and Society in U.S. History Study of how
cultiue, politics, economics, and other forces
have shaped the law and have been shaped by
the law. The law's power to shape the lives and
thinking of ordinary Americans is explored
through an examination of a spectrum ranging
from sensational murder cases to roiuine
legislation.

335, 336 American Social and Cultural History

Course traces America's major social, religious,
artistic, and philosophical movements and their
immediate and long-range impact on American
life and culture. Beginning with the American
Revolution, History 335 covers the period to
the Civil War. Histoiy 336 continues from that
period to the present. Offered alternate years.

341 Colonial America Examination of the
colonization of North American from ca.
1500-1750, with emphasis on the European-
Indian encounter, the origins of slaveiy and
comparative analysis of family, gender, and labor
relations. Students also study provincial American
culture from different regional perspectives and
within a wider British-Atlantic world.

342 Revolutionary America Examination of the
origins, conduct, and results of the American
Revolution, from ca. 1750-1790. Emphasis is on
the social and cultural transformation of
American life and the political ideology of the
revolutionaries. War for Independence is
explored from the perspectives of soldiers,
civilians, women, .African Americans, loyalists,
and Indians.

343 The Early Republic Course covers the period
from the 1 790s to the Mexican War and
explores currents of American national life
under such influences as Jefferson's agrarian
republicanism, the emergence of liberal
capitalism, and the democratic movements

of thejacksonian period. Attention is paid to
slavery and sectionalism.



344 Lincoln: A Life Lived, a Life Remembered

Study of one of the the best-known American
historical figures. Focus is on the role of the
individual in histoid, Lincoln's life and work,
and the relationship of history, memoiy, and
myth.

345 Civil War The trauma of America from
the end of the Mexican War to Appomattox,
moral judgments in history, political culture,
economic interests, diplomacy, and war.

346 Slavery, Rebellion, and Emancipation in
the Atlantic World Comparative study of slave
systems, enslaved peoples, and emancipation
in the Adantic World. Processes of slavery,
resistance, and emancipation in Africa, the
Caribbean, and the Americas from the 1500s

to today are examined. Course also analyzes the
effectiveness of emancipations and concludes by
heightening awareness of ongoing slavery in
Sudan and other countries.

347 Gettysburg in History and Memory Study of
Gettysburg — a borough, a battle, a myth, and an
inspiration that is as alive today as ever. Focus is
on the military campaign and its impact on the
people who lived here, with some consideration
of the seminal event's afterlife up to the present
dav.

348 Early Twentieth-Century America Focus is
primarily on the major political, economic, and
social developments in the U.S. from about
1900 to 1945. Some attention is given to the
role of the United States in the world during
this period.

349 The United States Since 1945 Examination of
major political, economic, and social developments
in the United States since 1945, including
demands made on the United States as a
leading world power.

36 1 Mexican Revolution Study of the
backgroiuid, preciusor movements, participants,
events, and outcome of the violent social
revolution that swept the Mexican coimtrvside
between 1910 and 1917.

373 History of Sub-Sahara Africa in the Twentieth
Century Study of the impact of European
colonial rule on African cultures, African
responses to colonialism, and the impact of the
colonial experience on contemporary African
nations. Course also examine various methods of
African resistance to colonial rule.



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SENIOR RESEARCH SEMINARS
408 The Reformation

4 1 Abraham Lincoln

4 1 2 Eisenhower and His Times

413 Decolonization in Africa

417 Meaning of Independence

418 Nazism

421 The United States and Worid War II

422 The Pacific War, 1931-1945

423 Comparative Frontiers of the Americas

424 Race on Trial

425 Topics in the American Civil War

426 Pennsylvania's Indians

Individualized Study Individual tutorial, research
project, or internship, requiring the permission
of an instructor who super\ises the project.
Instructor can supply a copy of the statement
of departmental policy regarding grading and
major credit for different t)'pes of projects.
Either semester.

INTERDISCIPLINARY STUDIES

Professor Cushing-Daniels (Chni)peison)

Assistant Professor Udden

Adjunct Instructors Jumey, Lindeman, and Lane

The Committee on Interdisciplinarv' Studies
offers courses and coordinates specialized
interdisciplinar)' programs. These may include
international programs and global/area studies.

Among other opporainities for interdisciplinan-
studies is the individual major: a student, with
tire consent of two supervising faculty members
from different departments, may design a
coherent program of at least ten courses focusing
on a particular issue or area not adequately
included within a single department. It may be
based on any grouping of courses drawn from
any pail of the cuiriculum so long as the proposed
major is coherent, ser\es a carefully defined
academic purpose, and includes no fewer than
eight courses above the 100 level, three or more
courses at the 300 level, and a 400-level
individualized study course. The Committee on
Interdisciplinar)' Studies has final responsibility'
for approving individual majors. (See "Individual
Major "for a fuller description. )



By nature of their objectives and content,
interdisciplinarv' studies courses cross the lines
of departments and specialized disciplines.
For example, some of these courses attempt
to provide the common body of knowledge
traditionally associated with a liberal education;
others attempt to integrate the understanding
of different kinds of subject matter; and sdll
others combine methodologies from diverse
departments and disciplines.

In addition to the courses listed below, courses
of an interdisciplinary nature can be found in
this catalog under the African American Studies
Program, the Asian Studies Program, the
Environmental Studies Program, the Latin
American Studies Program, and the Women's
Studies Program.

Liberal Arts Core Requirements/Curricular Goals

IDS 103, 104, 161, 211, 216, 241, 243, 244, 246,
247, 249, 260, and 272 fulfill the Liberal Arts
Core requirement in the humanities. IDS 229,
239, and 268 .satisfv' the requirement in non-
Western culture. IDS 214 and 267 fulfill the
requirement in the arts.

The following courses fulfill various curricular
goals:

• Multiple Inquiries/Humanities: IDS 103

• Multiple Inquiries/-\its: Film 252

• Local and Global Citizenship/Cultural
Diversity' (Non-Western): Film 261 and 375

• Integrative Thinking/ Course Cluster: IDS 103,
121, 161, 211, 214, 217, 241, 246, 247, 249, 250,
251,255, and 322

1 03 Literary Foundations of Western Culture

Exploration of the origins of major genres of
Western literature and thought, including epic
and narrative poetry, drama, philosophical
dialogue, and literary criticism. Authors read
may include Homer, Sophocles, Euripides,
Plato, Aiistotle, Virgil, Seneca, Ovid, and others.
Through reading, writing, and discussion of
complete works, the student is introduced to
those humanistic skills and critical methods that
have tradidonally disfinguished the liberally
educated person.

1 04 Literary Foundations of Western Culture

Exploration of the development of major genres
of Western literature and thought (from the fall
of the Roman Empire to the 18th century),
including epic and narrative poetry, drama,
the novel, and literarv nonfiction. Authors read



may include St. Augustine, Dante, Rabelais,
Shakespeare, Milton, Voltaire, and others.
Through reading, writing, and discussion of
complete works, the student is introduced to
those humanistic skills and critical methods that
have traditionally distinguished the liberally
educated person.

1 6 1 introduction to Jewisli Studies: The People
of the Boole Introduction to Jewish studies,
coveringjewish history, texts, traditions,
practices, philosophy, and beliefs. Emphasis
is on the self-understanding of Judaism in
continuity and change, on varieties of Judaism
("Judaisms"), and on the interplay between
practice and doctrine.

2 1 1 Perspectives on Death and Dying Study of
death and dying from a varietv' of perspectives:
psychological, medical, economic, legal, and
theological. DignitV' in d\ing, what happens after
death, euthanasia, body disposal, AIDS, and
other such problems are examined. May be
counted in requirements for a religion major.
Not offered every year.

214 Medusa's Laugh: The Newest Wave in French
Cinema Study of selected comical films made
by French women directors. Course reflects on
laughter and pro\ides a historical presentation
of French comedy traditions. Both obvious
and subtle "meanings" in comical films are
deciphered. Hiunor is identified in three
contextual "languages": cinematic codes, gender
codes, and cultiual codes. How universal is
laughter for humankind? To what extent is
humor related to cultiue and gender?

217 American Civil War on Film Examination of
how the Civil War has been presented by various
American filmmakers from the silent era to the
present. Various themes common to Civil War
films are considered, including violence, race,
politics, and iconography.

223 Literature of Anger and Hope That families
through the ages have struggled with enmity
and abuse we know from reading Greek tragedy
and Shakespeare's plays. In the twentieth
century, violence has come to the fore in terms
of ethnic and religious hatred, war, and racism.
Yet in response to these events, major writers
have created significant works of literature
which transform the worst acts into promises
of healing and reconciliation. Our objectives
are to understand the terms of tlie conflict



represented in each text and to explore the
techniques by which each writer generates a
sense of hope for humankind. Offered spring
2004.

241 Modem Irish Drama Exploration of the
evolution of modern Irish theatre within the
matrix of the esthetic and political revolutions
that occurred, and continue to occur, in
twentieth-century Ireland. Irish dramatists have
produced a body of literature remarkable for
both its unparalleled artistic achievement and
its acute political and social responsiveness.
Major emphasis is accorded W. B. Yeats, Lady
Augusta Gregory, John M. Synge, Sean 0'Case\.
Samuel Beckett, and Brian Friel. Not offered
every year.

246 Irish Quest for Identity: The Irish Literary
Revival Stud\' of the cultine and histon- of
Ireland as reflected in its literature in English, t .
1880-c. 1940. Course explores how Ireland,
principally through her writers, succeeded in
reviving and asserting her unique Gaelic identit)'
during the decades immediately preceding and
following the War of Independence (I916-I92I).
Authors studied include Augusta Gregory, W. B.
Yeats, J. M. Synge, Sean O'Casey, and James
Joyce. Not offered every year.

247 Maintaining Irish Identity: Modern Irish
Literature Survey of Irish literatiue since the
1940s. Course examines how poets, dramatists,
and writers of fiction have responded to the
problems of maintaining an Irish identity on a
partitioned island and in the contemporary
world. Special attention is given to the
interrelationship of Catholic and Protestant and
rural and urban traditions. Authors studied
include dramatists such as Samuel Beckett, poets
such as Seamus Heaney, and fiction writers such
as Sean OTaolain. Not offered every year.

249 Jewish Writing in the Modem World

Introduction to a wide-ranging variet)' of Jewish
writing fiom tlie past 100 years, including religious,
political, philosophical and literarv' texts. Course
explores such questions as: WTiat makes a text
Jewish? How do writers express, repress,
redefine the meanings of Jewishness/Judaism?
WTiat is Jewish self-hatred? Students examine
different stages of Jewish immigrant life and
ways that films (such as The Jazz Singer, Fiddler on
theRoof,-ax\A Goodbye, Columbus) ■dxe both a product
and a recorder of that experience.



^Q




250 Criminal Justice Exploration of the
.\merican system of law enforcement, criminal
trial and appeal, and corrections. Course
includes briefing Supreme Court case for use at
trial, and visits to Adams Count)' court, public
defender, and district attorney offices as well as
Gettysburg police to see how this system works
in a rural small-town area. Examinations are
modeled after law school testing and bar
examinations.

251 The Law In Film Studv of film to explore
questions of justice and application of rules of
ethics and local rules of court. Students lead
discussions and are asked to synthesize the class
in a final project involving a multi-level legal
analysis of a single film.

255 Science, Technology, and Nuclear Weapons

Study of the effect of technology on the many
issues related to nuclear weapons and the
scientific principles associated with their
production. Coverage includes nuclear weapons
effects, strategic arsenals, past and current
attempts at arms control, environmental
impact of weapons production, testing and
dismantlement, the post-cold war climate, and
nuclear disarmament. Special emphasis is given
toward understanding current nuclear non-
proliferation efforts.

260 The Holocaust and the Third Reich Intensive
study of selected writings (poetry, prose, drama)
that demonstrate possibilities of literary
expressions in response to the Holocaust.
Students read various vmtings in English by
German and non-German writers, including
f^einrich Boll, Ilona Karmel, Giinter Grass, and
Elie Wiesel. Course also includes such films as
The Tin Dm m. The White Rose, and Night and Fog.
Knowledge of German is not required. Not
offered ever)' year.

267 Theatre and Religion Investigation of the
dieaue's role in various Western and non-Westeni
religions. Students gain an understanding of
and an appreciation for the function of
performance and design in worship, liturgy, and
ritual. They also develop a critical sense of the
theatre's effectiveness as a teaching device
within a religious context. A significant effort is
made in assessing religion's impact on the
theatre's evolution in form, stvie, and purpose.
Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.



268 The Arts, Environment, and Religions of
Indonesia Study of the arts, cultural traditions,
environmental issues, and religious practices of
the people of Bali. Students live with local
families, where they experience the significance
of the family structure in Balinese life, art, and
religion. Students witness a vast assortment of
art-based experiences, including theatrical and
dance programs and participation in master
classes with painters, dancers, musicians,
carvers, and actors. Offered annually, mid-May
to mid-June. One class unit of credit. Prerequisite:
Permission of instructor.

322 I. W. Foundation Public Policy Seminar.

InterdisciplinaiT public policy seminar offered
on a specific topic each year. Seminar
encompasses an examination of the decision-
making process from the original articulation of
needs through official responses and on to
measuring the impacts of those decisions in the
public domain. A prominent authority in the
field of public affairs is invited to direct the
seminar each year, with the focus of each course
being determined by that person's field of
endeavor and expertise. Topic for fall 2004:
Making Sense of the Presidential Campaigfi.

325-L London Seminar: Nation and Empire:
Forging Britain, 1688-1815 Seminar exploring
the simultanet)us process of empire building
abroad and nation building at home during
what is commonly called Britain's Augustan Age,
c. 1688-1815. Making use of historical sites and
museums in London, St. .Albans, Bath, and
Greenwich, inquiry' examines how Britons
created a modern identitv' for themselves by
invoking their island's Roman past and by
consuming the fruits of their own expanding
world power. Art, architecture, literature,
science, and fashion are studied to explore
the origins and significance of cultural habits
and pracdces — such as tea drinking and fox
hunting — that came to define "Britishness" in
the Augustan Age. One of the most pressing
quesdons facing Britain today is contemplated:
With no empire to rule abroad, what will hold
the nation together at home?

351 The Bandits of Wall Street: White-Collar
Crime in the Twenty-First Century Case-study-
based look at the costs of corporate crime —
from Enron, Worldcom, and Adelphia to
Medicaid fraud by doctors. Topics include the
legal structure set up to protect society from



Iraucl, the concept of fiduciary duties, and
the current regulatoi7 systems that govern
corporate America. Students prepare and
present a project based on individual instances
of white-collar crime, discussing not only the
causes and costs of the crime, but also
proposing solutions to prevent finther similar
crimes from occurring, or from occurring
undetected.

SPECIAL PROGRAMS

The following is a partial list of individual major
programs pursued in recent years: Japanese
studies, law and ethics, foundations of
writing, sports management, ethical writing,
comparative literature, internadonal economics,
beha\ioral neuroscience. music management,
African culture and development, cinematic
arts, cultural studies, museiun studies, and
foundations of journalism.

American Studies

Gettysbing College offers a variet}' of courses
analyzing American life and thought, which
provide students with many opportunities for
creating individual majors in American studies.
Such majors may emphasize behavioral analyses,
historical perspectives, literary and artistic
dimensions, or coherent combinations of such
approaches as they are reflected in coiuses from
several deparmients. For example, individual
majors could be designed in the areas of early-
American culture, modern American social
stradfication, ethnicity, or the religious and
economic values of the American people.
Students should seek assistance in planning
an American studies individual major from
Professors Birkner (Histon) or Duquette
(English), or other facult}' members who teach
courses in these areas, or from the Committee
on Interdisciplinary Studies.

Comparative Literature

Gettvsbiug College offers courses in many
literatures in the original languages (ancient
Greek, Ladn, Italian, Spanish, French, German,
English, and Japanese). In addition, a number
of courses are offered in foreign literature in
translation (Classics, IDS, Japanese). Students
who work in more than one language (e.g.,
English and Spanish) are encouraged to
consider creating an individual major in
Comparative Literature in consultation with
faculty in the appropriate departments. The
study of comparaUve literature enables students



to emphasize a particular pc-i iod, theme, or
genre across cultures, instead of the traditional
focus on the chronological study of a national
literature. A particular theoretical approach can
also be cultivated (such as feminist, reader-
response, structuralist, Marxist, and Freudian).
Special courses, such as Art Song, may also
coimt towards an individual major in
Comparative Literature. Students who wish
more information are encouraged to consult
with any of the following advisors to the
program: Professors Gaboon and Zabrowski
(classics); Anchisi (Italian); Fee (Old Norse;
Middle German); N. Gushing-Daniels (Spanish);
Armster, McCardle, and Ritterson (German);
Binet and R. Viti (French); and Hogan
(Japanese). Professor Myers (English; Irish
literature) is also an advisor to the program, as
are many members of the English and Theatre
deparUnenLs.

Film Studies Minor

Gettv'sbiug College offers numerous courses
in film studies. Many courses are located
in Interdisciplinary Studies, but several
departments have film offerings, including
Theater Arts, English, Women's Studies,
Philosophy, Sociology/ Anthropology, French,
Italian, and Spanish, among others.

Requirements for the minor in Film Studies
consist of six courses. Film 101 and either Film
250 or Film 251 are required. In addition, four
other courses approved for the minor must be
selected; it is strongly recommended that two of
these be Film 220 and 252. Other courses may
include Anthropolog)' 215, Asian Studies 220,
English 303. French 332 or 333, IDS 214 or 217,
Philosophy 335, Sociology 204, Spanish 353,
Women's Studies 220, one FV'S film course, one
individualized study or internship, or any course
with a Film prefix.

101 Introduction to Film and Film Studies

Introduction to film and film studies, with an
overview of the basic properties of film as a
mediimi and as a field of study. Topics covered
include film producUon, film form, and the
concept of style, plus basic issues of film analysis,
film history, film theory, and film as a cultural
phenomena.

250 History of World Cinema, 1895 to 1945

Exploration of the origins and evolution of
world cinema from its official inception in 1895
through the end of World War II. Notable



developments, such as the invention and
diffusion of cinema, early Italian features,
French Impressionism, German Expressionism,
Soviet Montage, Japanese cinema in the 1930s,
<ind the rise of American cinema as the
dominant economic force, are co\'ered. Films
are analyzed in light of even*' possible contextual
factor (cultural, national, political, industrial,
etc.) to understand why films are made in
certain ways under different conditions.

25 1 History of World Cinema, 1 945 to the
Present Exploration of world cinema from the
end of World War II to the present day. Notable
developments and movements from all over the
globe are covered. Films include examples from
Italy, France, Japan, Cuba, the former Soviet
Union, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Iran, and the
United States. Films are analyzed in light of
everv' possible contextual factor (cultmal,
national, political, industrial, etc.) to under-
stand why films are made in certain ways imder
different conditions.

252 Film Aesthetics and Analysis Study of various
npes of films to explore what makes them
complete works of art resulting in certain
aesthetic effects. Various critical, analytical, and
theoredcal models help students understand a
single film in its entirety, noting how various
discrete parts make up a single aesthetic whole.
Films shown in labs include popular Holhwood
films, independent films, European art cinema,
i\sian cinema, and others. Prerequisite: Y'Am 101
or permission of instructor.

26 1 Japanese Cinema Over\iew of Japanese
cinema, exploring the histon' and the various
manifestations of Japanese cinema. Course
examines whv Japanese cinema is arguably the
most successful national cinema historically. It
also explores the sheer complexit)' of Japanese
cinema, from its highly accomplished auterist
strands, to its more generic fare.

262 Hong Kong Cinema Historical invesdgation
of Hong Kong cinema from the 1960s to the
present. Works by Bruce Lee, Jet Li, Jackie
Chan, Michael Hui, Ann Hui, Tsui Hark, John
Woo, Chang Cheh, King Hu, Lau Kar-leimg,
Stanley Kwan, and Wong Kar-wai are explored to
determine how this is arguably the most physical
and energetic popular cinema ever created.
Generic, cultural and industrial backgrounds



Online LibraryMary Neilson JacksonGettysburg College Catalog (Volume 2005-2006) → online text (page 19 of 37)