Copyright
Mary Neilson Jackson.

Gettysburg College Catalog (Volume 2005-2006) online

. (page 29 of 37)
Online LibraryMary Neilson JacksonGettysburg College Catalog (Volume 2005-2006) → online text (page 29 of 37)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


making, and sculpture.

3) Additional courses in at least two of the
three disciplines listed in #2, photography,
or ceramics.

4) Three courses in art theory and histoiy:
YAH 120, 318, and an art histoiT elective.

5) Participation in the senior studio seminar
and senior exhibition in the spring semester of
the senior year.

Students intending to major in Studio Art are

advised to take VAS 141, 145, 146 and VAH 120
in their first three semesters of college. VAH 318
is to be completed before taking the Senior
Studio Seminar.

To complete a minor in Art History students are
required to take the following courses.

1) VAH 120.

2) Three art histor)' and/or theory of art
courses.

3) One 100-level studio course.

4) One 200-level studio course.

To complete a minor in Studio Art students are
required to take the following courses.

1 ) Four studio courses.

2) VAH 120 and one art history elective.

Students minoring in either Ait History or
Studio Art should note that no more than two
1 00-level courses are acceptable to fulfill the
College's requirements for a minor.

Liberal Arts Core Requirements/Curricular Goals

Any course in the areas of history, theoiy, or
studio art may be counted toward the Liberal
Arts Core requirement or the Multiple Inquiries
requirement in the arts. VAH 131 and 234 fulfill
the non-Western culture requirement.



Special Facilities

A collection of approximately 45,000 color
slides supports the teaching of art history and
studio classes. The department also has video
equipment and a growing library of tapes to
support other teaching acti\ities. We are also
equipped with computers and appropriate
software for computer-assisted design, as well
as CD-ROM capacity, with a libraiT of disks
for student use. Regular trips to the museums of
Washington, D.C., Baltimore, and Philadelphia,
as well as art exhibits at the College, make
possible the necessary contact with original
works of art.

The department has presses for relief, surface,
and intaglio print making. For sculpture, it has
both gas and electric welding equipment; air
power tools for working in wood, stone, and
plastic; kilns for ceramic arts; and a small
foundry for bronze casting.

The l,660-sq.-foot Schmucker Hall Art Gallery
presents as many as nine different exhibitions
each year. Included in the gallery calendar are
works by professional artists, a faculty show, a
student show, the senior art major show, and
traveling exhibits, as well as selections from
public and private collections.

HISTORY AND THEORY OF ART

III, 112 Ideas and Events Behind the Arts

Introductory studv of the \'isual arts from
prehistoric times to the nineteenth centur}'.
Course examines reasons for changes in the
content, form, and function of two-dimensional
and three-dimensional art. Exercises in visual
analysis of individual works develop critical
methods. Fulfills distribution requirement in
the arts. Prerequisite: First-year or sophomore
status or permission of instructor.

1 15 World Art Survey A general sui-vey of world
art from the Neolithic period to modern times.
Course primarily covers painting, sculpture, and
architecture from Einopean and Asian cultural
traditions. Within each period the arts are not
only analyzed visually and st\iistically. but also
examined in their cultural, social, and political
contexts. Course cannot be used toward the art
history major.

120 Theory of the Visual Arts Course gives a
basic approach to visual experience by examining
factors that relate to the making of art, fimctions
of art, and viewer relationships with art, including
methods of analvsis. In addition to class lectures



A



and discussions, hands-on sessions assist
students in understanding the processes of
making visual imager)'. Fulfills distribution
requirement in the arts. Prerequisite: First-year
or sophomore status or permission of
instiTictor.

1 3 1 Introduction to Asian Art A survey of the
arts of .Asia from the Neolithic period to
modern times. Topics discussed include
ancient civilization, Asian religion and art, and
traditional China and Japan. Course primarily
covers painting, sculpture, and architecture
from several regions: hidia, China, Japan, and
Southeast Asia. Course approaches the works
of art as important in their own contexts and
for what they reveal about their parent
cultures.

201 Arts of Ancient Greece and Rome

hitroduction to die painting, sculptiue, and
architecture of the classical world, focusing on
cultural and intellectual differences between
the people of these two civilizations as reflected
in the arts of both. Fulfills distribution
requirement in the arts. Prerequisite: First-year
or sophomore status or permission of
instiiictor.

202 Medieval Art Survev- of the arts of the
Middle Ages and their development from the
Roman catacomb through the high Gothic
cathedral. Analysis of art as a reflection of
changing political and social conditions in
Europe, with particular emphasis on liturgical
arts in the Middle Ages. Fulfills distribution
requirement in the arts. Recoynmended: .\rt 111
or 201.

205 Arts of Northern Europe: A.D.I350-I575

.Analvsis of artistic developments in Northern
Europe from late Gothic times through the
turbulent period of the Reformation. Works of
Jan Van Eyck, Glaus Sluter, Hieronymous
Bosch, Hans Holbein, Albrecht Durer, and
others are explored to discover ways in which
social, political, and intellectual developments
are mirrored in the art of that period. Fulfills
distribution requirement in the arts.
Prerequisite: Any lOO-level art historv course,
VAH 201, or permission of instructor. <\lteniate
years.

206 European Painting 1700-1900 Introduction
to eighteenth-centuiT painters in Italy, France,
and England and their relationship to the



Enlightenment. Major emphasis on the
evolution of painting in France dining the
nineteenth centurv* in relation to the
changing social, political, and philosophical
climate. Fulfills distiibution requirement in the
arts. Prerequisite: Any 100-leveI art history
course, VAH 201, or permission of instructor.
Offered alternate years.

2 1 Twentieth-Century European Painting

Study of the schools and critical writings
surroimding the major figures. Such
movements as Art Nouveau, Nabis, Fauvism,
Cubism, Futurism, German Expressionism, De
Stijl, Dada, and Surrealism are examined.
Fulfills distribiuion requirement in the arts.
Recommended: .-Vit 1 1 1 , 1 12, or 120.

2 1 5 German Art from Middle Ages to Today

(See description for Fall Semester in (Cologne,
Germany under Department of German.)

217 History of Modem Architecture

Examination of the e\ tjlutionan forms of
the built environment, beginning with the
ascendancy of the machine aesthetic just prior
to World War I and continuing through the
"post-modernist" theories of the 1970-80s and
the works of Graves, Gehry, and Isozaki in the
1990s. Prerequisite: VAH 111, VAH 1 1 2, or
permission of instructor.

22 1 Eighteenth- and Nineteenth-Century
Painting in the United States Survev of
American painting from the Colonial
Period to 1900, studied in relationship to
developments in Europe, and with emphasis
on the response of art to the changing social
and technological environment in America.
Fulfills distribution requirement in the arts.
Offered alternate vears.

234 Arts of China An introduction to a world
of visual and intellectual richness of Chinese
art. Course provides a base for imderstanding
how the Chinese have viewed themselves and
the world through time and how this has been
expressed in the visual arts. Various art forms
are discussed chronologically. Within each
period the arts are not only analyzed visually
and stviistically, but also examined in their
cultural, social, and political contexts.

235 Chinese Painting, Calligraphy, and
Aesthetics A study of Chinese painung and
calligraphy, art forms that have long held
prestigious posidons in Chinese art. Course



introduces artistic practices created by both
professional artists and scholar-painters. Focus
is on painting, the history of collections, and
theories on connoisseurship and aesthetics
from the third centur\' to modern times.
The interplay between painting and poetry,
philosophy and jjolitics, is emphasized, hik
and brushworks are also analyzed and
demonstrated in class.

303 Painting, Sculpture, and Architecture in the
Italian Renaissance Survey of the visual arts
during the centuries that, in many ways, mark
the boundary between the ancient and modern
worlds. Course approaches the arts
of the period from this perspective. Many artists
and monuments included are traditionally
acknowledged to be among the finest in
the histoiT of art, including the works of
Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael,
and Titian. Secondai"y focus is to question and
explore reasons why the art of this period is so
acclaimed. Fulfills distribution requirement in
the arts. Prerequisite: VAH 111, VAH 112, VAH
201, or permission of instructor.

307 Mannerist and Baroque Periods in
European Art Study of painting, sculpture, and
architecture in Europe, from the first decades
after the Reformation through their
transformation under the impact of the
Coimter Reformation. Artistic developments in
Italy are discussed, as well as allied approaches
in northern Eiuope and Spain. Works of some
of the world's best known artists are examined,
including Bernini, Caravaggio, Rubens,
Rembrandt, Vermeer, El Greco, Velasquez, and
Poussin. Fulfills distribution requirement in the
arts. Prerequisite: Alt 201 or any 100-level art
history course or permission of instructor.
Offered alternate years.

3 1 8 Art After 1 945 Critical examination of the
art forms and issues that identif^' the ciurent
post-modern phase of twentieth-century art.
Past and current usages of the terms "modern"
and "avant-garde" are explored in the context
of contemporary modes of visual expression,
art criticism, communications technology, and
cultiual pluralism. Prerequisite: An\' two courses
in art histoiy or theor\' or permission of the
instructor.

322 Painting in the United States Since 1900

Survey of twentieth-ceniuiT painting. Coiuse
concentrates on two basic themes: the
changing social role of painting as America's



needs and self-image change, and the on-going
eclectic process in which American painters
extend and deepen their familiarity with world
art. Fulfills distribiuion requirement in the arts.

400 Seminar Advanced study of specific art
histon issues and problems, with particular
focus on the revisionist art histon*- of the last
t^venty to thirty years. Students revisit the
content and theoretical approaches of previous
courses in the context of the "new art histon,,"
as seen from the art historical dialogue. The
theoretical literature of Feminist art history
provides the framework for this reexamination.
Approach varies according to the specific topic,
but common denominators include a close
examination and analysis of art objects and
thorough investigation of their historical and
social context. Students develop skills in
advanced verbal and visual research, written and
oral projects, and critiques Prerequisites:
Minimum of three art histoid courses, at
least one of which is a 300-level course, or
permission of instructors.

STUDIO ART

Piupose of all studio courses is to sharpen the
sense of sight; coordinate mind, hand, and eye;
develop an ability to organize visual material;
and to integrate the intuitive and rational into
creative activity. Lectures accompany basic
studio courses when necessai"y to relate theory
and practice. The Lora Qually Hicks memorial
fund, established by family and friends in honor
of Lora Qually Hicks '71, provides funds for the
purchase of works created by Gettysburg
College students.

1 4 1 Introduction to Drawing Drav\ing from
models and controlled studio problems.
Intended to promote coordination of the hand
and the eye to achieve a degree of technical
mastery over a variety of drawing tools. Emphasis
is placed on line quality, techniques of shading,
negative-positive relationships, figure-ground
relationships, form, structure, and an awareness
of the total field. Prerequisite: First-year students
and sophomores only.

145 Basic Design (two dimensional) Introductorv-
course to help students develop a capacitv' to
think and work both conceptually and
perceptually. Course provides a basic discipline
v\ith which to organize a variety of materials into
structural and expressive form. Prerequisite: First-
year students and sophomores only.



J



146 Basic Design (three dimensional) .\ii
introductoiT course extending the basic
disciplines of 141 into the third dimension.
Projects introdtice materials such as clay, plaster,
wood, and metal. Intent is to assist students in
organizing three dimensional forms. Prerequisite:
First-year students and sophomores only.

251 introduction to Painting Development of a
series of paintings according to a thematic image.
Assigned problems are designed to introduce a
variety of conceptual, procedural, and
experimental possibilities. Prerequisite: YAS 141 or
145. Rerom mended: YAH 322.

252 Intermediate Painting Development of unique
and experimental techniques, procedures, images,
presentations, and textural applications. Series of
paintings is developed. Alternative concepts and
methodology are discussed. Students are referred
to works by artists who have related aesthetic
interests. Prerequisite:W?> 2.51.

255 Introduction to Printmaking Creative process
as conditioned and disciplined by intaglio
techniques. Discussion of past and contemporary
methods, and the study of original prints.
Prerequisite: WS 141 or 145.

256 Intermediate Printmaking Introdticton
course in experimental work, with a primary
concentration on lithography, seriography,
and cameo techniques. Prerequisite: VAS 255.
Rerom men ded: VAS 1 45 .

261 Introduction to Sculpture Introduction

to fiuidamentals of three-dimensional forms and
modes of expression involving creative problems
in the organization of space, mass, volume, line,
and color. Correlated lecmres and demonstrations
are used to acquaint students with those aspects of
sculptural histoi-y and theon- relevant to studio
projects. Course is intended for both general
students and art majors. Prerequisite: VAS 141 or
146.

262 Intermediate Sculpture Program of studio
projects (arranged by instructor and student)
concerned wth developing an individual
approach to three-dimensional form, with
concentration in directly fabricating techniques
involving a series of experiments in spatial
organization. Prerequisite: VAS 261.

263 Introduction to Ceramics Introduction to
earth (clay), the most basic of materials as a
medium for personal three-dimensional
expression. Material is approached in an
intellectual and poetic sculptiu-al application rather
than a utilitarian one.



265 Introduction to Photography Introductoiy
course with a concentration on camera usage,
design theor}', and darkroom techniques in the
black-and-white creative process. Additional
emphasis on origins, evolution, and relationship
of the photographic image to contemporary
materials and methods. Prerequisite: VAS 141
or 145.

267 Special Topics in Studio Focus on mateiials,
techniques, and compositional parameters not
s\stematically covered in the regular ciuricukuTi.
Topics are chosen by individual studio facultv'
members, are variable, and may include cast
metal sculpture, welded sculpture, calligraphy.
compiUer graphics, color photography,
figurative drawing, watercolour painting,
assemblages, installations and earthworks. Not
offered every year.

341 Advanced Drawing Emphasis on individual
concepts as de\ eloped in a series of interrelated
drawing problems, materials, and techniques.
Prerequisite: VAS 141. Offered spring semester
only.

351 Advanced Painting Emphasis on advanced
painting concepts and the development of
individual student concerns in a series. Prerequisites:
VAS 251 and 252. Offered odd years only.

355 Advanced Printmaking Experimental
printmaking concentrating on personal
development of one method and exploration.
Prerequisites: VAS 255 and 256.

361 Advanced Sculpture Exploradon of
individual three-dimensional concerns, with
concentration in one media and technique.

Prerequisites: VAS 261 and 262.

401 Senior Portfolio Creation of a cohesive,
individualized body of work for inclusion in
the Senior Show, accompanied by portfolio
presentadon and faculty review. Emphasis is
placed on extending unique student interests
and strengths in an exploration of media,
imageiy and technique, which result in mature,
high qualirv' aesthetic conclusions. Students
participate in all aspects of offering the public a
provocative, thoughtful series of well-crafted
work that is displayed professionally.
Prerequisites: Senior art studio majors only.

Individualized Study

Provides an opportimity for the well-qualified
student to execute supenised projects in the
area of his or her special interest, whether
studio or historv.



WOMEN'S STUDIES



Professors Richardson Viti (Coordinator) and Berg
Associate Professors Armster, Fletcher, (iill. Potuchek,

and Russell
Assistant Professors Hansen and Lebon

Overview

Women's studies is an interdisciplinaiT academic
program which draws on feminist theoi7 and
the new scholarship on women to examine and
analyze the roles, perspectives, and contributions
of women. Through the consideration of women's
past histon,'. present conditions, and future
possibilities, students come to understand gender
as a cultural experience. The women's studies
curriculum emphasizes critical thinking, multiple
perspectives, and the diversity of women's expe-
riences. In women's studies courses, students learn
a number of methods for examining and
strategies for modifying the conditions that affect
all of our lives.

Women's studies stresses cross-cultural
perspectives and analysis. Through an array of
interdisciplinary' courses and disciplinary courses
that focus on gender within particular disciplines,
women's studies integrates women and feminist
scholarship into all levels of the curriculum.

The Women's Studies Program is governed by
the Women's Studies Program AchisoiT Council
and the Women's Studies Academic Steering
Committee, whose members are drawn from
facult)', administrators, staff, and students.
Twenty-four faculty from sixteen departments and
programs teach the core, cross-listed, and
affiliated courses.

Requirements and Recommendations

Major Recjiiiremoits: Ten courses are required for
the major in women's studies, and all majors are
required to take the following courses:

WS 120: Introduction to Women's Studies

WS 300: Feminist Theories

WS 320: Practicum in Feminist Theory and
Collective Action

WS 400: Senior Seminar

In addition, students must take at least one core
or cross-listed course above the 1 00 level that
focuses in depth on the diversity of women's
experiences or on the ways that gender intersects
with other forms of inequalit}'. Of the remaining
five courses, at least one must be a core or cross-
listed course in the social sciences and at least
one must be a core or cross-listed course in the



arts or humaniiies. No more than two affiliated
courses may be counted toward the requirements
for the major.

Students choosing a major in women's studies
must combine it with a minor (or a second
major) in an arts, humanities, science, or social
science discipline.

Minor Requirements: Six courses are required.
Minors are required to take Women's Studies
120, Women's Studies 300, and Women's Studies
400. One additional course must be from the list
of core or cross-listed courses. The remaining
t^vo courses may be drawn from any of the
following: (1) core courses, (2) cross-listed
courses, (3) affiliated courses, and (4) approved
courses of individualized study in women's
studies.

Liberal Arts Core Requirements/Curricuiar Goals

Women's Studies 213, 216, 217, 219, 220, 221.
and 251 satisfy the Liberal Arts Core
requirement in humanities. Women's Studies
222 and 226 satisfy the Liberal Arts Core
requirement in social science. Women's Studies
213, 219, and 226 satisfy the non-Western
requirement.

The following courses fulfill various curricular
goals:

• Multiple Inquiries/Humanities: Women's
Studies 216, 219, 220, 221. and 251

• Integrative Thinking/ Course Cluster:
Women's Studies 120

• Local and Global Citizenship/Cultural
Diversity (Non-Western): Women Studies 213,
219, 226, 230, and 231

• Local and Global Citizenship/Cultural
Diversity' (Domestic or Conceptual): Women's
Studies 120. 210, 216, 219, 220, 221, 222, and
226

CORE COURSES

120 Introduction to Women's Studies Study of
perspectives, findings, and methodologies of
new scholarship on women in various disciplines.
Course introduces issues in feminist theory and
examines the diversity of women's experiences,
structural positions in societies, and collective
efforts for change. Taught by an interdisciplinan'
team of instructors.

2 1 Special Topics in Women's Studies Stud) of
a topic not normally covered in depth in the
regular curriculum of the W'omen's Studies
Program. Offered irregularly.



ti



216 Images of Women in Literature Examination
of various ways women have been imagined in
literature, with consideration of how and why
images of women and men and of their
relationships to one another change, and how
these images affect us. Emphasis is placed on
developing the critical power to imagine
oiu'selves differentlv. Cross-listed as English 216.

2 1 7 Famous French Femmes Fatales Wbmen
today are attempting to demystifv' the feminine
condition, for, as the late Simone de Beauvoir
observed, the "mythe de la femme" is a male
invention. Literary images of women have been a
major focus of this investigation, and this course
examines some famous French women, from the
Princess of Cleves to Emma Bovary, and
scrutinizes them from the perspective of feminist
criticism.

219 Contemporary Women Writers: Cross-Cultural
Perspectives Examination of nu\els and short
stories by women authors from diverse socio-
cultural backgrounds in the U.S. and the
developing world. Particular attention is given to
ways in which these writers represent universal
aspects of women's experience. Course examines
works WTitten from 1970 to present.

220 The Pleasures of Looking: Women in Film

Course explores various images of women as
constructed for the male and female spectator
in both dominant and independent film.
Traditional ways in which women have been
represented in film are examined critically
through the use of feminist theories. Course aims
to examine how various feminist filmmakers
challenge the traditional uses of the female voice
in their own films. Films from other cultures than
the U.S. are included.

22 1 Bridging the Borders: Latina and Latin
American Women's Literature Study of selected
works in English by Latin American women and
Latina women from the U.S. Course explores
both connective links and dividing lines of
women's lives in the context of a common
cultural heritage that has evolved into multiple
variants as a result of geographical, historical,
economic, ethnic, and racial factors. Cross-listed
as Latin American Studies 222.

222 Women's Movements in the United States

Study of women's activism and social movements
organized primarily by women. Through the
study of a broad range of women's activism, the
course places the development of U.S. feminism
in its larger socio-historical context.



226 Feminism in Global Perspective Study of
women's activism to improve their lives around
the world. Course analyzes similarities and
differences in the issues women activists address
in different parts of the world, the theories they
develop to analyze those issues, and the forms
their activism takes. Course also considers the
possibilities for a global women's movement and
provides theoretical tools for analyzing modern
feminisms in their global context.

230 Women and Development .Analysis of the
impact of changing development strategies
on the lives of women in the Third World,
especially in Latin America and the Caribbean,
as well as a review of how women have
responded to these strategies. Discussion
covers how colonialism and later development
policies have affected the status of women,
and offers a critical examination of the goal

of the integration of women in development.



Online LibraryMary Neilson JacksonGettysburg College Catalog (Volume 2005-2006) → online text (page 29 of 37)