Mary Olmstead Stanton.

The encyclopedia of face and form reading : how to read character and personal characteristics by the general appearance : practical and scientific physiognomy being a systematic manual of instruction based upon well-established principles of anatomy and physiology : readily comprehensible to the ge online

. (page 1 of 143)
Online LibraryMary Olmstead StantonThe encyclopedia of face and form reading : how to read character and personal characteristics by the general appearance : practical and scientific physiognomy being a systematic manual of instruction based upon well-established principles of anatomy and physiology : readily comprehensible to the ge → online text (page 1 of 143)
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Face and Form Reading


Practical and Scientific Physiognomy "

A Systematic Manual of Instruction Based upon "Well-estahlisiikd Pkin-

ciPLES OF Anatomy and Physiology. Readily Compkk-

hensible to the General Reader



With an Outline of Study, Glossary aiid Classified Suggestive Questions and Aids to the

Study, together with Original Articles upon Vital Subjects

by Distinguished Authorities

Second edition— Revised. Profusely Tllustmed




9 nj

liS^ By desire and direction of both Author and PnbUsher, this work Is sold only
by subscription, at the advertised prices, by Agents regularly authorized, who
. are absolutely pledged to maintain prices and manner of sale. Its presence,
therefore, in any book-store which is not an authorized agency, and whicli
sells otherwise than by subscription, save as a second-hand copy, or its being
oirered for sale at less than the advertised price, is an evidence of fraud,
against wliich the pubUc. and especially honest and upright book-sellers, are
hereby warned.

%79 ^












A^,. ;;;C^

PhiladelpUk, Pa., U. S. A.

The Medickl Bulletin Printing-HouM,

1916 Cherry Street









If one had asserted a few years ago that the time was near
when men could converse with each other fifty miles apart, he
would have been looked upon as a lunatic. Had he also remarked
that quite as soon men could learn to read each other's characters
by a glance at the face, he would have been regarded as an idiot.
Yet, just as surely as one can converse at a great distance by the
aid of the telephone, just so surely can men read each other's fa,ce8
by rule and law settled and defined.

The art and science of physiognomy, as shown in " The
Encyclopaedia of Face and Form Reading," will put the reader in
possession of this almost superhuman power.

The art of character-reading by the face is universal and in-
stinctive. Every one gathers some knowledge of those he asso-
ciates with by inspection of their facial features. Not only does
he glean from this source, but he derives some impressions (and
often correct ones) from the voice, the walk, the movements, and
gestures ; but as with all branches of knowledge one is more
certain of the correctness of his observations if he possess some
established rules to go by, so in the study of human character
(the highest and most important of all studies) laws and rules
cannot be dispensed with. This book gives these laws and rules,
and those who learn to apply them may be certain that the infor-
mation gained from their application is perfectly correct.


In every community there are many talented instinctive phys-
iognomists ; these persons are the successful parents, teachers,
lawyers, doctors, actors, authors, artists, and employes. These
people are successful because they have this inherited gift of char-
acter-reading. How much greater would be their power did they
have some well-established laws to guide them !




There are many others, unfortunately, who do not possess so
great a degree of the knowledge of human nature as the former ;
how highly important for those is the knowledge which this book
contains !

In these pages I have made a chart of the face, in which I
have located fifty signs of character, in so plain and simple a
manner that any one can easily learn it and put this knowledge
into immediate practice.

I also show the meanings of the several forms of the body, of
the hands, fingers, finger-nails ; the lines, the wrinkles, the
dimples; as well as the colors of the skin, hair, eyes, and eye-
brows, and the meaning of the form, color, and quality of the
beard and moustache.


Every internal organ has its sign in the face, which I have
discovered and mapped out on a diagram, by the inspection of
which one can readily know which of the visceral organs are weak
and which are by nature strong. The heart, the liver, the lungs,
the kidneys, the reproductive system, etc., have their certain sign
or features by which the inherited condition of each organ may be


This knowledge puts a great power into the hands of parents,
for, by knowing in advance which organs are weak and liable to
disorder, they can prevent such calamity by the advice also given
in this book.

"The Encyclopaedia of Face and Form Reading" should be
in the hands of every parent, teacher, minister, doctor, lawyer,
artist, superintendent, banker, mechanic, and all persons who deal
with human nature in their daily occupation.

The Teacher, by studying and applying its laws, can be most
successful with her scholars ; for by one glance at the face she can
see which mental faculties are strongest, which weakest, and she
can then apply the rule suited to each condition as given in these

The Minister can gain a correct understanding of the moral,
mental, and spiritual status of his parishioners, and may, by apply-
ing physiognomic laws to the reading of faces, become better


acquainted with his charge in one visit than he could otherwise
by years of acquaintance.

JTie Doctor will find in these pages most important ideas and
theories which cannot be found in any medical book in the world.
It is, indeed, a text-book which should lie on the table of every
physician, and be daily consulted by him.

To the Artist, in every department of art, it will give new
and original ideas, including the basic principles of form, color,
time, and memory, with directions how to improve each. All of
these theories are of immense importance to artists, aside from
their physiognomic value.

The Lawyer will find in these pages a sure way to read the
characters of judge, juror, client, and witness with instantaneous

The Actor will be greatly benefited in his studies of character
by knowing the meaning and the shape of each facial feature, as
well as the shape of each bodily structure and their associated
characteristic gesture, pose, and movement.

The Author can learn how to describe scientifically the physi-
ognomic peculiarities of the forms, faces, and features of each one
of his characters, so that they shall be true to nature. The physi-
ognomic descriptions of the heroes and heroines of George Eliot
are not surpassed by any in English literature, and they were
scientifically correct, — that is, in accord with physiognomic law.

To Bankers the knowledge of physiognomy is invaluable. A
banker once wrote me : " Had I possessed the knowledge con-
tained in your book thirty years ago, it would have saved me
thousands of dollars and much anxiety." All bankers should
apply these rules to the faces of employes, and thus learn whom
they can and cannot trust.

Superintendents of Schools, Manufactories, Asylums, Re-
formatories, and Business-Houses cannot afibrd to dispense with
a knowledge of " Face and Form." Those who have the care of
large numbers of youth will be greatly aided in the work of men-
tal and moral developments of their charges by using the light of
this science.

To the Unmarried the knowledge contained in this work is
absolutely essential. Within its pages may be found such descrip-
tions and analyses of character as will teach those intending mar-


riage how to choose the one best adapted to produce harmony and
beautiful and talented offspring.

"The Encyclopaedia of Face and Form Reading" offers to
every one a solution of many of life's most mysterious problems.
Not only does it teach how to choose friends, business-partners,
husbands, wives, and employes, but it gives directions how to de-
velop every department of mind and all of the physical functions.


In short, the reading of this book will pay a greater interest
than any other scientific book ever published on this or any other
subject; because it treats of the most important subject to man, —
viz., human nature.

Ladies and Gentlemen can make a most interesting Parlor
Entertainment of this science by reading the faces of the company
present. It is far more popular than palmistry, and can be made
both profitable and attractive by those who care to master its laws.

This work is the result of a life-time of constant study, obser-
vation, and research. It contains very many original ideas and
theories never before put forth. In short, it is the most advanced,
practical, and complete work on physiognomy extant.

It is to be hoped that tliese ideas may lead to a correct knowl-
edge of man, and that this may conduce to his welfare physically,
morally, and intellectually.

The Author.


The purpose has been to combine into this encyclopaedia all
that is known to-day regarding '' Face and Form Heading," cloth-
ing the scientific facts in such simple language as to make it
adapted equally to the uses of the beginner and the adept. Even
the compendious presentation of the subject has required a large
volume; but, believing that the merit of the subject and the
demand for a comprehensive and acknowledged authority upon it
will insure a sale which, from the financial stand-point, will war-
rant the experiment, it is published at a price far below its intrinsic
worth, and one which brings it within the reach of the most mod-
erate purse. The encyclopaedia answers the needs of its user not
only while mastering the rudiments of the study, but also becomes
more valuable as he becomes more proficient in its most intricate
details. With the aid of the glossary, the index^ and the most
elaborate, suggestive index and outline of study, it is made avail-
able to all readers. It, however, gains greater value from the
special articles prepared expressly for it by the distinguished gen-
tlemen whose names appear in connection therewith. It is believed
that no important science was ever before so simplified and
arranged for convenient and easy assimilation as this. The person
who uses and becomes familiar with this encyclopaedia has spread
before him the practical application of the principles of evolution,
of anatomy and physiology, of mechanics, of physical and mental
philosophy, and of many of the kindred sciences. Tlie reader
therefore gains an amount of general and practical knowledge
which cannot fail to be an almost incalculable benefit all through
life. In conclusion, for systematic study, it is urged that the
general reader shall begin at Part II and return to Part I. Best
of all, though, let him use the hints and suggestions of tlie outline
of study for constant reference or casual consultation.



Author's Preface, ▼

Publisher's Preface, ix

List of Illustrations, . . xxvii

Aids to the Study, A-3

Introduction, 1



The Bases of Principles of Scientific Physiognomy.

Definition ; Lavater's work ; Theory of Practical and Scientific Physi-
ognomy ; What it teaches ; How the discoveries were made ;
General laws and principles. The human face the index of all
Nature; Three grand divisions — Chemical, Architectural, Mathe-
matical. Mineral forms. The physical basis of Mind, . . 7


The Basic Principles of Form.

Rotatory motion the origin of Form ; Tlie movement of the earth has
a direct bearing on the form and destiny of created beings.
Relation between nniversal existence and mathematical law.
Number the proper index to the volume of Being ; The human
countenance the index to these laws and principles. The law of
Scalenism, or perversion ; Disease a temporary return to abnor
mal or perverted types ; Straightness of tlie bones indicates
straightness of tlie mind. The normal factors of Form and
Being in Nature, Art, and Science, 27


The Five Organ Systems which Create Form and Character.

All is symbolic in Nature ; Form the decisive factor in the interpreta-
tion of character. The five ditterent organ 83'stems. Form,
character, and earliest appearance of cell life in the organiza-
tion of animal tissue ; The structure of organized bodies, . 59

The Vegetative System, . . . 67

Characterization of the vegetative adult ; The organ systems in
the chemical or vegetative division ; Faculties derived from the
development of these organs.



The Thoracic System, 71

Facial signs for the internal organs ; Diseases which assail the
thoracic system.

The Muscular System, 15

Arrangement of the muscles ; Voluntary and involuntary ; The
varied expressions of the human face due to the muscles ; The
mechanical and artistic principles included in the action of
the muscular system ; Faculties that have signs located in the
muscular division ; Diseases which assail the muscular sj^stem ;
The dominant systems of man's organism control his capacities.

The Osseous or Bony System, 83

Classification of the bones ; Firmness and integrity of character
depend upon the bones ; Composition of the bony structure ;
Kind of food necessary for good bones ; Prominent men who
have excelled in morality, endurance, and heroism ; Bony people
the best ; Faculties derived from the bony system ; Faculties
• in the architectural division ; Diseases incident to the bony
system ; Remedy for an excessive development of bone. The
points of character which depend upon the several organ sys-
tems of the body.

The Brain and Nervous System, 94

Size of the brain alone not a proof of great mental power;
Form and congenital quality the most potent factors ; Texture
of the skin significant of mental quality ; Physiology of the
brain and nerves ; Diseases which assail this system.


The Sub-Basic Principles of Physiognomy.

Form and Size ; A large head no indication of superior intelligence ;
The nose the best indication of power. Quality or mental power ;
Fine hair and skin to be considered first. Form ; Persons of
creative or constructive minds are round in form ; The arch, the
curve, the circle, the ovoid, the square, and straight line; Each
illustrates diflferent phases of character. Color ; The mineral
the original source ; Pure air the best cosmetic ; Color and heat
synonymous, 101

The Law op Proportion or Harmonious Development, . . . 131
Proportion a potent factor in determining character; One or
more faculties excessively developed dominate and influence
the action of other faculties ; Secretiveness ; Cautiousness ;

Health, 137

The basis of all really useful character fo inded on health;
Organic perfection and morality ; Precocious children ; Sensi-
tive, nervous children; Drug medication; Pure air the best;
Compensation ; The established laws of compensation.



Rationale of Physical Functions and Mental Faculties, and
THEIR Signs in the Face.

The brain not the sole seat of the mind. Hope directly related to the
liver. The source of moral power.

The Kidney System, 158

Faculties dependent upon it ; Analysis of Conscientiousness ;
Morality dependent on the action of the kidneys ; Color-blind-
ness ; Analysis of Firmness.

Faculties Derived from the Different Systems.

The Intestinal System, 165, 185

Digestion or Alimentiveness ; Mental power of the nerves of the
digestive apparatus ; Relation of the visceral organs to tlie brain.
Friendship ; Its selfish and unselfish action ; Its connection with
and dependence on other faculties : Analysis ; The liver as a
clearing-house of the entire organism.

The Glandular System, . . 169

Benevolence ; Value of the lips as indicators of pathological and
morbid states of the body ; Economy ; The grade of intellectual
development shows the kind of economy ; Hospitality ; Love
of Home ; Patriotism.

The Reproductive System, 177

Amativeness, or love of the sexes; Its moral and physiological
importance should be taught ; Love of Young ; Mirthfulness •
Sanativeness ; Pneumativeness.

The Liver, 182

Hope ; Its dependence upon the liver.

The Nerves op the Skin, . . 190

Modesty ; Analysis of the glandular system and olfactory gan-
glia; Cautiousness; The correlation of function with faculty.

The Osseous System, 192

Veneration ; Its connection with the stomach.

The Osseous and Muscular Systems, .194


The Muscular System, 195,213

Self-will ; Credenciveness ; Uses of this faculty. Calculation ;
Music ; All art is founded on a circle or sections of it ;
Analj'sis of Music ; Language ; Shown by a high quality of the
muscular system ; Musical qualities observed in language.


The Osseous and Nervous Systems, 199


The Muscular and Brain Systems, 200

Memory of Events ; A faculty of the five systems of functions ;
A great memory only is no indication of intellect or wisdom ;
Memory depends upon a healthy condition of the body ;
Weight ; A high development of the muscular system a power-
ful ally to art ; Locality ; Large in those whose muscular sys-
tem is supreme.

The Glandular and Arterial Systems, 206

Analysis of color.

The Brain and Nerve System, 209, 233

Mental order ; Physical order. Intuition ; A true and distinct
sense ; Division of the nervous system into two parts ; De-
scription of the powers and action of these two departments of
the brain system ; Organs and functions from which the mental
faculties derive their powers.

The Five Superior Systems, . .210

Time ; Lacking where the vegetative system predominates ;
Time as well as Order one of the leading characteristics of the
bony system.

The Brain System, 227

Comparison; Causality; Reason; Development of reasoning
faculties among the masses; Children should be drilled in
logical reasoning.


Theories of the Mode of Action of Certain Traits.

Analysis of Amativeness ; Should be judged by the adjoining facial
signs. Analysis of Jealousy ; The result of one of three causes.
Analysis of Revenge. Analysis of Secretiveness ; Intended by
Nature to conceal the lack of some other facult}'. Theory of
Suspicion. Analysis of Anger, Will, and Temper; A dark man
has the strongest temper ; Its eftect on the system ; Self-will
the basis of Anger and Temper ; What true religion consists of.
Analysis of Selfishness ; Two distinct and opposite methods of
action; Caused bj^ an insufficient development of the glandular
system. Self-conceit; Egotism. Analysis of Scorn and Con-
tempt. Analysis of Enthusiasm ; Faculty that leads to great
efforts. Analysis of Laziness ; Obstinacy ; Contrariness ; Phj'si-
ognomy teaches that all defects can be remedied, to a large
extent, 239




The Three Natural and Primitive Divisions of the Face
Created by the Mouth, the Nose, and the Eyes.

The mouth; The centre of the most primitive system of function.
The nose ; Represents the mental powers. The eyes ; Repre-
sent the muscular development of the entire body. Facial
signs of the physiological organs and functions. Digestion, or
Alimentiveness. Location of the signs for the visceral organs.
Physiognomy properly a part of medical science. The glands.
The reproductive system. Lactation. The kidneys ; Conscien-
tiousness dependent on this system. Method of localizing the
higher developments of the bod3^ ; The lungs and heart ; The
Liver ; The stomach. The muscular or motive system ; The eye ;
Motion ; Vision ; Hearing. The osseous system ; Denoted by
the bones of the eyebrow. The brain and nerve sj'stem ; Train-
ing the feeble-minded and imbecile ; The sense of touch, . . 273

Mental Signs of Character in the Face, 287

Five practical subdivisions ; The width and length of the face ;
The nose high and broad the entire length a good sign ; The
lower part of the forehead and eyebrows an important part to
consider ; Great size of the forehead no criterion of mentality ;
Local signs for the mental faculties ; Summary to the five prac-
tical subdivisions of the face.


Location and Description of Signs of Character in the Face.

Fifty separate and distinct faculties described ; The adaptabilit}^ of
the human mind ; Man does not possess a greater number of
mental faculties than woman ; Gestures significant in disclos-
ing character ; The face an exact register of all mental facul-
ties and bodily functions and conditions, 297

The Faculty op Conscientiousness, 302

Definition ; An excess and deficiency of this faculty ; Facial
and bodil}' signs ; The color of the face an indication of the
general integrity of a person ; Bodily signs of Conscientious-
ness ; Description of Conscientiousness ; Conscientiousness
large where the bony system predominates.

The Faculty of Firmness, 312

Definition ; What an excess or deficiency causes ; Facial and
bodily signs; Description of Firmness; A receding chin an in-
dication of weakness ; The signs for Firmness observed all over
the individual.


The Faculty of Economy, 318

Definition ; Facial and bodily signs ; Description of Economy ;
A normal degree of Economy indicates a normal or balanced
condition of mind ; Acquisitiveness not Economy.

Love of Home, 324

Definition ; Facial and bodily signs ; Description of Love of
Home ; This trait should be cultivated in children.

Patriotism, 329

Facial and bodily signs ; Definition of Patriotism.

Benevolence, 335

Definition ; Facial and bodily signs ; Description of Benevo-
lence ; Faculties in combination modif3^and influence this trait;
Difference between benevolence and friendship.

Bibativeness, , . 339

Definition ; What an excess or deficiency of this faculty indi-
cates ; Facial and bodily signs ; Description of Bibativeness ;
Situation of this sign most suggestive; Indicates the func-
tional purity of the entire organism.

Alimentiveness, or Digestion, 348

Definition ; Facial and bodily signs ; Description of Alimentive-
ness ; The mouth by its shape and color gives the general tone
or grade of the individual.

Amativeness, 355

Definition ; Facial and bodily signs ; Description of Amative-
ness ; Training in sexual morality ; Works that all young
people should read ; Signs for emotional traits found in the
glands and muscles, not the bones.

Love of Young, 367

Definition ; What an excess or deficiency of this faculty may
lead to ; Facial and bodily signs ; Description of Love of
Young ; Should be balanced by reason and justice ; Does not
necessarily impart a tone of kindness to the individual.

Mirthfulness, 373

Definition ; Facial and bodily signs ; Description ; Mental uses
of Mirthfulness.

Approbativeness, 378

Definition ; What an excess or deficiency indicates ; Facial
and bodily signs ; Description of Approbativeness ; Essential
to the success of some people.

Friendship, 385

Definition ; Facial and bodily signs ; Description of Friendship ;
Selfish and unselfish friendship ; Friendship with fine inherited
quality shows a strong, magnetic nature ; Diverse manifesta-
tions of Friendship.


Hospitality, 392

Definition ; Facial and bodily signs ; Description of Hospitality.

Pneumativeness, 39*7

Definition ; Wliat an excess or deficiency of this faculty may
lead to ; Facial and bodily signs ; Description of Pneumative-
ness ; Tlie most essential factor is pure air ; Manifestatious of
Pneumativeness ; Acuteness of scent ; Great energy of mind
and body.

Glandular and Arterial System.
Color, 408

Definition ; Facial and bodily signs ; Description of Color ; A
high cultivation of the color-sense a religious duty ; Aids
toward cultivating this sense ; What the color of the face reveals ;

Sanativeness, . . . . , 427

Definition ; What a deficiency of this facultj^ leads to ; Facial
and bodily signs ; Description of Sanativeness ; One of the
normal and primitive functions ; Magnetic liealers ; The faculty
of Sanativeness should be large in pliysicians ; Longevity of

Online LibraryMary Olmstead StantonThe encyclopedia of face and form reading : how to read character and personal characteristics by the general appearance : practical and scientific physiognomy being a systematic manual of instruction based upon well-established principles of anatomy and physiology : readily comprehensible to the ge → online text (page 1 of 143)