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CENTENNIAL IN NEW BEDFORD.



HISTORICAL ADDRESS



HON. WILLIAM W. CRAPO.



I>i;i.I\ KItl'.I) f)\ llli: (>(•( ASION OK INK



CELEBRATION IN NEW BEDFORD



FOURTH OF JULY, 1876.

TO WHICH ARE ADDED AX ACCOUNT OF THE CEI.EBIJA-
TION, AND AN APPENDIX.



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NEW BEDFORD:

E. Anthii.w & Soxs, Peixteks to tih: Citv.
187G.




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Ceuteiiuial in New Bedford.



TABLE OF CONTENTS.



Page

Order of Council, 7

Advertisement of Committee, 8

Introduction, 9

Address, 17

APPENDIX.

Deed from Wesamequen and Wamsutta to William Bradford and

others, 59

Order of Incorporation of the Town of Dartmouth, fiO

Territorial Limits of Dartmouth, 61

TJussell Family, fil

Primitive Whaling, CA

Memoranda in relation to the Whale Fishery and Commei'ce of

New Bedford, by Abraham Shearman, Jr., 67

Memoranda in relation to the Early History of New Bedford, by

Abraham Shearman, Jr., 71

The Ten-Acre Lot, 74

The Stars and Stripes in the Thames, 76

Act of Incorporation of the Town of New Bedford, 79

Act of Incorporation of the Town of Fairhaven, 81

Line between New Bedford and Dartmouth altered, S2

Part of Dartmouth annexed to New Bedford, 83

Part of Acushnet annexed to New Bedford, 84

General Grey's Raid, 85

Town Meeting in 1814, 86

New Bedford in the War of 1812-15, 87

Ship Rebecca, 90

Interesting Town Meeting, 92

New Bedford in 1845, 96

Whalers Destroyed by the Confederate Cruisers, 112

2



4 TABLE OF CONTENTS.

Kaue

New Bedford Free Public Library, 114

New Bedford in the Civil War, 180

Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument, . 135

Roll of Honor, ... 137

Public Schools of New Bedford, 149

Public Schools of New Bedford in the Centennial, 157

High School House Dedication, . 159

Description of the New High School House, 167

Finances and Taxation, 170

Mayors of New Bedford, 173

Government of the City, 1876, 174



Proceedings of tlie City Council



AND ol TllK



COMMITTEE OF ARRANGEMENTS.



(Titu 0f l^c'i\3 13rlif0vli.

IX EOARD OF AlDERMEX,

August 15th, 187G.

Ordered, That the proceedings had upon the occasion of the Munici-
pal Celebration of our Centennial Anniversary be published, and
that His Honor the Mayor, and the Chairman of the Committee on the
Fourth of July Celebration, be a committee to carry this order
into effect.

Adopted in concurrence.



The committee of tlie City Government, charged by the (•(Hiii-
cil's order of August lotli with the duty of arranging for puhlica-
tion the proceedings upon the occasion of the Municipal Celelirii-
tion of our Centennial Anniversary, present herein the result u\'
their labors.

A brief introduction precedes the address of the Hon. William
W. Crapo ; and in an appendix to his interesting and highly valu-
able Historical Discourse, such documents are given connected
with the early history and with the growth and progress of our
city, as seemed calculated to gratify the desire for further infor-
mation upon these subjects so vividly awakened by that admirable
contribution to our local amials. In the discharge of our duties
we have been materially assisted by our fellow-citizen James B.
Congdon, whose large collections and intimate acquaintance with
our local history have contributed in no small degree to the value
and interest of our centennial volume.

AURAIIAII H. HOWLAXD, du.

William T. Soule.



The Centennial in New Bedford.



INTRODUCTORY.

The arrangements for the celebration of the Centennial Anni-
versary of. our National Independence Avere commenced by the
passage of an order, of which the following is a copy.

CENTENNIAL IN NEW BEDFORD.

€itv of Web BcSforJ.

Ix Common Council,

April 6th, 1876.

Ordered, Tliat a committee of six from this branch, with such as the
Aldermen maj^ joiu. be appointed a committee on Fourth of July
celebration.

Adopted in concurrence.

Committee — Aldermen Soule, Ilawes, and Baylies, and Councilmeu
Taylor, Howland, Denison, Beard, Pitman, and Wilbur.

Au appropriation of four thousand dollars was made by the
Council to meet the expenditures of the committee.

It did not need the recommendations of the State and United
States governments to lead the committee to give careful attention
to that part of their duties that consisted in providing for an ad-
dress suitable to the occasion. After some progress had been
made in the negotiations for au orator, the circular of which the
following is a copy was received from the Secretary's Department
of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts,
li



10 CENTENNIAL CELEBRATION.

ffi^omtnonbiealtf; of fBlassacfjusctts.

Secretary's Department,

Boston, June 13th, 187G.
To the City Clerk :

Sir, — I have the houor to transmit herewith an order of the Legis-
lature of Massachusetts, which has this day been received iu this de-
partment, and a copy of the Resolution of Congress therein referred to.
Very respectfully your obedient servant,

HENRY B. PEIRCE, Secretary.

(JTommoniBraltl) of itlassacljusrtts.

House of Representatives, April '27, 1876.
Ordered, That the Secretary of the Commonwealth transmit to the
Clerks of the several cities and towns in the Commonwealth, a copy
of the Joint Resolution of Congress on the celebration of the Centen-
nial in the several counties or towns, transmitted to the Senate by his
Excellency the Governor, April 24th, 1876.
Adopted. Sent up for concurrence.

GEO. A. MARDEN, Clerk.

Senate, April 28, 1876.
Concurred.

S. N. GIFFORD, Clerk.

[Public Resolution No. 1.]

Joint Resolution on the celebration of the Centennial in the several

counties or towns.

Be it resolved by the Senate and Hortse of Representatives of the United
States of America, in Congress assembled, That it be, and is hereby
recommended by the Senate and House of Representatives to the
people of the several States that they assemble in their several coun-
ties or towns on the approaching Centennial Anniversary of our Na-
tional Independence, and that they cause to have delivered on such
day an historical sketch of said county or town from its formation,
and that a copy of said sketch maybe filed, in print or manuscript,
in the Clerk's office of said county, and an additional copy, in print or
manuscript, be filed iu the office of the Librarian of Congress, to the
intent that a complete record may thus be obtained of the progress of
our institutions during the First Centennial of their existence.

Approved March 13, 1876.

With entire unanimity tlie committee fixed upon the Hon.
William W. Crapo, of this city, member of Congress from the
first representative district, to perform this honorable and important
service. Not only the eminent abilities of Mr. Crapo led the



MUNICIPAL PROCEEDINGS.



11



committee to look to him as a fitting person to carry ont their idea
as to the character of the address, and the views of the General
Government as expressed in the resolution of Congress : the
success of his effort in the same line of literary labor in the cele-
bration of our Municipal Bicentennial in 1864, pointed to him as
one possessing rare qualifications for the work, and the committee
were highly gratified when he consented to undertake it.

The orator being secured, the committee gave their attention
to the other arrangements proper for the occasion. The result of
^ their labors is shown by the programme which they put forth, of
which the following is a copy of the principal features.

One Hundredth Anniversary of our National Independence.

July 4th, 1876.
PROGRAMME.

BELLS.

The bells of the various churches will be rung at sunrise, noon, and
sunset.

SALUTES.

A Natioual Salute will be fired at sunrise, noon, and sunset, by
Lieut. H. H. Fisher.

BASE BALL.

At 8 o'clock a game of Base Ball will be played on the Common
between the Taunton Base Ball Club, of Taunton, and the King Philip
Club, of Rockland, for a prize of $250.

PROCESSION.

At 10 o'clock a Grand Procession will be formed on City Hall
Square, under the direction of Capt. Lucius H. Morrill, Chief Marshal.

ORATION.

Au oration will be delivered at Liberty Hall by Hon. William W. Crapo.

Rl'.GATTA.

The Regatta will take place on the Acushnet river, starting from a
line drawn from the north end of Fish Island to the George Rowland
wharf, the course to be northeasterly about one mile to the station
buoy and return. The races will be in the following order :

First, for single scull, 1st prize, 840; 2d prize, $20; 3d prize, $10.

Second, for whaleboats, 1st prize, .


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