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Mass.). Municipal government Roxbury (Boston.

[City documents, 1847-1867] (Volume 1861- no.5) online

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City op Eoxbury, March 11, 1861.

The undersigned, Joint Standing Committee on Accounts, in pursuance of
the provisions of the eighth section of the Ordinance entitled " An Ordinance
establishing a sj^stem of accountability in the Expenditui*es of the City," requir-
ing them to audit the account of the City Treasurer at tire close of each municipal
year, and as much oftener as they may deem expedient, hereby certify that we have
examined and audited the within account of Joseph W. Dudley, City Treasu-
rer, in account with the Commissioners of Forest Hills Cemetery, and find the
same coiTectly cast, and all payments and expenditures therein charged against
the Commissioners, are sustained by the necessary vouchers.

We find that there has been received into the Treasury on account of the Ceme-
tery at sundry times within the year ending January 31, 1861, the sum of thirty-
thousand eight hundred ninety-five and 65-100 dollars, which, with the balance on
hand, January 31, 1860, of twelve hundred thirty-eight and 41-100 dollars, makes a
total receipt of the year of thirty-two thousand one hundred thirty-fi)ur and 6-100
dollars ; and there has been paid from the Treasury during the same period, on
the order of the Commissioners, the sum of tioenty-nine thousand fijur hundred nine-
teen and 50-100 dollars, leaving a balance in the Treasury, January 31, 1861, of
twenty-seven hundred fourteen and 56-100 dollars.

SAMUEL LITTLE,
SAMUEL C. COBB, Committee

JAMES T. BUSWELL, J- on

CHARLES D. SWAIN, Accounts.

MOSES H. DAY,



In Common Council, March 18, 1861.
Eead and accepted, and sent up for concuiTence.

JOSHUA SEAVER, Clerk.

In Board of Aldermen, March 18, 1861.
Concurred.

JOSEPH W. TUCKER, City Clerk.



63



REAL ESTATE OWNED BY THE CITY.



512,000 00

32,000 00
3,000 00

15,000 00
2,500 00

14,2G3 70
7,000 00
6,258 82

12,000 00



14,487 feet, 24,000 00



31,000 00
19,000 00



4,000 00



The City Hall, (of brick,) buildings adjacent and land
The Alms-house, (of brick,) barn and land, about 11 acres
The Dwelling-house, (of wood,) Highland Street

The City Wharf at Point, 21,471 feet,

Dwelling-house, (of wood,) and land on Washington Street
Land, corner of Washington and Heath Streets, about 8J acres

Stony Brook Lands, 27,702 feet

Land, Swell Street, 20,996 feet,

Land on Winthrop Street, 28,341 feet, and Brick School-House

High School-house, (of stone,) and land, Kenilworth Street

Dudley School-house, (of brick,) and land Bartlett Street .

Washington School-house, (of brick,) and 18,900 feet of land, Washington

Street 14,000 00

Dearborn School-house, (of brick,) and 24,500 feet of land, near Davis St. 30,000 00
Comins School-house, (of brick,) and 23,750 feet of land, Gore Avenue .
School-house, (of brick,) and 18,936 feet of land, George Street,
School-house, (of wood,) and 5000 feet of land, Yeoman Street, JNos. 1, 2,

3 and 4

School-house, (of wood,) and 6396 feet of land, Eustis and Sumner Sts.,

Nos. 5, 6, 7 & 8, 7,000 00

School-house, (of wood,) and 7593 feet of land, Vernon Street, Nos. 9, 10

and Intermediate 6,000 00

School-house, (of wood,) and 15,000 ft. land, Sudbury St., Nos. 11,12, 13 & 14, 10,000 00
School-house, (of wood,) and 9850 feetof land, Avon Place, Nos. ISand 16, 3,500 00

School-house, (of wood,) Mill Dam, No. 17 ;

School-house, (of wood,) and 4,000 ft. land. Orange Street, Nos. 18 and 19,
School-house, (of wood,) and 7,200 ft. land. Smith Street, Nos. 20 and 21,
School-house, (of brick,) and 10,200 feet of land, Francis Street, No. 22

and Grammar School

School-house, (of wood,) and land. Centre Street, Nos. 23 and 24
School-house, (of wood,) and 11,600 ft. land, Heatli Street, No. 25, .
School-house, (of wood,) and 6720 feet of land, Edinboro' Street, Nos. 26

and 27 •

School-house, (of wood,) and 11,825 feet of land, Munroe Street, No. 28, .
School-house, (of wood,) and 9,512 feet of land. Elm Street, Nos. 29 and 30,

School-house, and 13,779 feet of land. Heath Place

Engine-house, (of brick,) No. 1, and land, corner Warren and Dudley Sts.
Engine-house, (of brick,) No. 2, and land, Centre Street ....
Engine-house, (of brick,) No. 6, and land, Eustis Street ....
Engine-house, (of wood,) No. 7, on lease land, Ruggles Street
Land of C. M. Ellis, Shawmut Avenue, 134,671 feel, ....

Forest Hills Cemetery, (situated in West Roxbury,) about 104 acres— not

valued

Cemetery on Eustis Street — not valued

Cemetery on Warren Street — not valued

^315,246 91



600 00


2,600 00


3,000 00


4,000 00


2,000 00


4,800 00


3,500 00


4,000 00


3,500 00


10,000 00


6,000 00


3,500 00


2,500 00


600 00


12,124 39



64



PERSONAL PROPERTY

BELONGING TO THE CITY.*



Furniture in City Hall,

" Mayor and Aldermen's

Room,

" Common Council Room,

t " Police Court Room,

" City Marshal's Office,

In charge of the Chief Engineer —

1 Steam Fire Engine,
1 Hose Carriage,
3 Horses,
5 Fire Engines,
1 Hook and Ladder Carriage,
7 Hose Carriages,
5,600 Feet of Leading Hose,
170 Feet of Suction Hose,
15 Ladders,



Furniture in City Clerk's Office,
" City Treasurer's Office,

" Watch-house,

" Engine-houses, Hook and

Ladder and Hose Co.
" School-houses.



4 Hooks,

4 Crotch Poles,

3 Rakes,

6 Forks,
40 Buckets,
17 Axes,
42 Reservoirs,
27 Hydrants.



In charge of the Superintendent of the Alms-house
Stock and Uteiisils at Alms-house.
3 Horses,
3 Cows,
3 Horse Wagons, with Harness,



1 Horse Cart, with Harness,
Ploughs, Harrows, and other

Farming Tools.



In charge of the Commissioner of Streets —

10 Horses,
9 Carts,

9 Cart Harnesses,
4 Chain Harnesses,



Hay Cutters,

Lot of Picks, Shovels, Hoes,
Hammers, Drilling Tools, &c.



In charge of the Undertaker — 2 Hearses.

In charge of Weigher of Hay — 1 Scale.

In charge of Lamp-lighters —
448 Gas Lamps,
129 Fluid Lamps.



* The value of the Personal Property was not ascertained by the Committee on Public
Property.



E E P Pt T

ON

BIRTHS, MARPiIAGES AND DEATHS,

I860.



To the Honorable Mayor and City Council :

Gentlemen — The following tabular statement in relation to
the Registration of Births, Marriages and Deaths in the Citj of
Roxbury for the year 1860, is respectfully submitted.

JOSEPH W. TUCKER, City Registrar.

Table 'Ho. 1.

BIRTHS REGISTERED IN THE CITY OF KOXBURY, 1860.

Males • 466

Females • 416

Total 882

Both parents native born 215

Both parents foreigners 587

One parent native born ? • • 80

Total 882

Born in each month as follows : —
January, February, March, April, May, June,

64 54 58 59 73 52

July, August, September, October, November, December,
68 88 86 74 102 104

MARRIAGES REGISTERED IN THE CITY OF ROXBURY IN THE YEAR 1860.

American parents both 61

Foreign parents both 154

American one — foreign one 33

Total 248

Married in each month of the year : —
January, February, March, April, May, June,

27 20 8 17 26 23

July, August, September, October, November, December,
17 22 16 25 37 10

8



66



MORTUARY STATISTICS.
TTable 'No. S.

Diseases and Causes of Death in Roxbury in 1860.



DISEASES.



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1




2


1


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1


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1


2


3


2


1

1


1


2


1


1


1

2


1
1


i












1


1










1




1


T


1






1


1


1




2


2




3


2


2






1


1


1




2


6


7


9


IH


5


7


5


5


6


4


6


3


1


2


2


2


2


2


3


3


3


5


2


1


4


1


5


2


3


1


1




1


4


1


3


1


2


2




2


1


1


1
8


1
1


1
2


1
1


1

1




i










2


1


1


1


1




6


3


4


2


2


1


1






2


3


1






1






1




2




3


1


3


3


2


1
2


15


3


8
1


1
1


4


1


1


3


8


1






2
















1


1


1


2


1


2


1


1

1


2
1


2


I


1
1


2


2


4


1


3


8


2


7


30


16


3


4




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2










1


4




1


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3


3




1


1


2




1


2


1
1


4


1


1


1


















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2


2






1


1


3


2


1




2


1






2


2




1


1




1


1


3


1






















2


4




1


1






3


5


2


2


2


5


2




1


1


3




1












1




1


1


1














3




1


1


T






1


6




8


3


1


1


1


1


1


1


1


1


1


1


2






2


2


2


3


2


6


3


7


8


8


10


8


52


36


49


62


41


38


40


85


49


52


52


58 1



Accidents

Apoplexy

Asthma

Bowels, diseases of the.
Brain, diseases of the. . .

Bronchitis

Canker

Cancer

Childbirth, diseases of. .

Consumption

Convulsions

Croup

Dropsy

Drowning

Dysentery

Diarrhoea

Fever, Lung

" Typhoid

" Scarlet

Fever

Fits

Heart, diseases of the . .

Hooping Cough

Hydrophobia

Insanity

Infantile diseases

Liver, diseases of the. . .
Lung, diseases of the. . .

Marasmus

Measles

Mumps

Old Age

Paralysis

Pneumonia

Phthisis

Sci'ofula

Stillborn

SmaU-pox

Suicide

Scarletina

Teething

Tumor

Throat Distemper

Other causes



14

76

28

26

10

4

8

7

25

11

50

4

4

16

2

1

1

75
9
16
3
6
1

17

6

8

3

3

25

8

3

4

17

6

5

61



In Board of Aldekmen, April 15, 1861.

Referred to the Committee on Accounts, with instruction to cause the same to
be printed with the repoi'ts of Receipts and Expenditures.
Sent down for concurrence.

JOSEPH W. TUCKER, City Clerk.



Concurred.



In Common Council, April 22, 1861.
JOSHUA SEAVER, Clerk.



REPORT



OVERSEERS OF THE POOR.



City of Roxbury, Feb. 27, 1861.

To the Overseers of the Poor of the City of Roxhury :

I transmit herewith the Report of the Superintendent of the
Alms-house, the Report of the Agent of the Overseers of the
Poor, and the |Report of the Physician to the Alms-house, and
recommend that the same be printed with the Annual Report of
the Receipts and Expenditures of the City.

WILLIAM GASTON,

Chairman of the Overseers of the Poor,



In Boaed of Overseers of the Poor, Feb. 27, 1861.
Accepted.

JOSHUA SEAVEE, Secretary.



68



KEPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE
ALMS-HOUSE.

RoxBURY Alms-house, Jan. 28, 1861.

To the Overseers of the Poor of tfie City of Roxhury :

Gentlemen — The undersigned submits the following Report
for the year past, ending this daj, relating to the inmates and
condition of the Alms-house.

The number of inmates in the House, February 1,

1860, 27

Admitted having settlement in this City, . . 21

— 48
Discharged and absconded, . . . .24
Died, 3

27
Present number belonging, . . . .21

— 48

Admitted State paupers unable to be removed to State Alms-
house, and attended by the house Physician until removed or
discharged.

Admitted for food and lodging, . . . 296

Sent to State Alms-house, .... 87

In January, 1860, in conformity to an Ordinance of the City
relating to Truant Children, suitable accommodations were provided
in the house for the reception, care and school instruction for all
those who were committed by the Police Court, for violations
thereof.

Whole number admitted, ..... 26

Discharged at expiration of sentence, ... 6
Discharged by order of Court, .... 3
Present number in school, . . . . .17

— 26

The whole expense for fitting up the house, including fixtures
for school-room, bedding, furniture, &c., was paid in the financial
year, 1859-60,



Board of boys for one year, at $2 per week, . $1,959 87

Clothing, shoes, &c., furnished boys, . . 408 95
Amount paid Superintendent for care of boys

one year, 200 00

Amount paid Teacher of school, , , . 300 00



$2,868 82

The amount paid Superintendent and salary paid Teacher was
paid from another appropriation, and not charged in appropriation
for Poor and Alms-house, but was added to show the whole ex-
pense of the Truant School.

The whole expense for the support of Alms-
house Establishment, .... $5,062 48

Deduct expense of Truant Schools, charged in

Poor Account, 2,368 82.



$2,693 66

The City have belonging to the Alms-house, one horse, three
cows, six hogs, three wagons, one horse cart, one sleigh, three
harnesses, and farming utensils necessary to carry on and culti-
vate the land belonging to the establishment ; also, two horses,
two wagons and harnesses used for the collection of house oflfal,
neither of which belong to the Alms-house property, and the ex-
pense for keeping is charged to another appropriation. With the
exception of potatoes, there has been raised sufficient vegetables
on the place for the use of the house the present year. There
were 2,300 lbs. of pork raised and killed on the place during the
year. The house and out-buildings are in good condition ; having
been painted and thoroughly repaired the past year, little ex-
pense will be necessary for the present or coming year for repairs.
The house is heated by steam, which is also used for washing pur-
poses. The house is furnished with sufficient furniture, beds
and bedding for all of the occupants. The health of the in-
mates, many of them, the past year, has been feeble, requiring
much attention from the Physician, and constant nursing, many of
whom must, necessarily, from their infirmities and age, continue
so through life.

The Physician, Dr. Flint, has been attentive, and discharged
his professional duties in a highly satisfactory manner to all those
intrusted to his care, and we cheerfully recommend him to the
kind consideration of the present Board of Overseers. For fur-
ther particulars relating to the Medical Department, you are re-
ferred to the Physician's Report.



70

In conclusion, we say the general deportment of most of the
inmates during the year has been good, and that many of them
exhibit sufficient evidence of having been in much better circum-
stances, and are here only from accidental causes entirely beyond
their control, and are not insensible to the many favors they have
received from the Overseers, in trying to make them comfortable
and happy, while from necessity they are obliged to accept the
hospitalities of the City Alms-house.

I remain. Gentlemen, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

Ezra Young,
Superintendent of Alms-house.



REPORT OF THE AGENT OF THE OVERSEERS
OF THE POOR.

Boston, Jan. 28, 1861.

To the Overseers of the Poor for the City of Roxhury :

Gentlemen — I herewith transmit to you the yearly account of
my doings as the " Agent for the Overseers of the Poor" for the
year commencing with the 1st of February, 1860. The report
details the proceedings only for the five months in which I remain
confined to the office, viz. : — February, March, November, De-
cember and January. The entire number of famihes aided with
fuel only, during said time, were 432 ; whole number comprising
said families,



, 1,583.




y months as follows, viz. : —




Months. Families.


Whole NumlDer.


February, 110


384


March, 33


130


November, 15


56


December, 121


432


January, (1861,) 153


581



432 1,583



71



Divided by "Wards as follows, viz). :-^—

AViirJs. I'luiiilion. Whole Nuiiiljcr;

1 107 340

2 74 283

3 230 891

4 12 * 43

5 9 26



432 1,583

The expense for* fuel on each order is $2.75,- costing
|1,225.50_.

In addition to fuel furnished, I have, in some instances, fur-
nished other supplies, in the whole about $100. The Roxbury
Charitable Society, whose agent has an office in the same room
with me, has also aided the above applicants to quite a large
amount, in provisions, clothing, shoes and other supplies.

None of the applicants enumerated above have any settlement
in this City or State, and are, consequently, a proper State charge.
The whole number sent to the State Alms-house during the year
from this City is 87.

For the seven months, which are the Spring, Summer and early
Fall months, but little was given, except to relieve in urgent eases,
the particular expense of which I have not placed here.

In addition to the above expenditure, I have, under the direc-
tion and approval of the Overseer for the Ward in which the ap-
plicant resided, furnished fuel and other necessaries to persons in
destitute circumstances, having a legal settlement here, to an
amount in all, less than $100 — the above does not include the
amounts voted expressly by the Board. The present winter has
been unusually severe for all classes of laborers, and the ap-
plications for aid more than usual, although there is a certain class
who are annual applicants, and would be so if business was ever
so prosperous for labor. As a rule established by the Board, I
refuse aid where the head of a family is an able-bodied man, and
all in good health. Nearly all the cases where aid has been
granted, are laboring women with children.

Respectfully submitted,

Joshua Sbaver, Agent.



72



REPORT OF THE PHYSICIAN TO THE ALMS-
HOUSE.

RoxBURY, Jan. 28, 1861.

To the Overseers of the Poor of the City of Roxhwy :

Gentlemen — The record of the sanitary condition of the
Alms-house for the past year does not vary essentially from the
reports of many preceding years. The number of inmates has
been much greater than at any period since the removal from
Brook Farm. In general, the health of these people (exclusive
now of the Truant Children) has been much the same as hitherto
reported, as good perhaps as could reasonably be expected, in re-
membrance of the fact, that many are confirmed invahds, with
constitutions ruined by past excesses, and that nearly all are sub-
jects of some infirmity, bodily or mental.

The oldest person in the house has nearly attained the age of
ninety, and though bed-ridden, and at times a sufferer, is yet for
the most part cheerful, and has often expressed to me her grate-
ful thanks for the many comforts afforded her, and the readiness
with which her every want even was anticipated. The youngest
inmate is a child of only seven years, who, born in the Alms-house
and abandoned by parents, has never yet known other home
than this.

Of the exact number of cases treated, no record has been kept,
but it is safe to assert that nearly all of the inmates have at some
time during the year been under medical treatment. Among
them have been five afiected with paralysis ; one with an ulcer of
three years' duration ; two cases have been admitted of severe
burn, one of which, at my suggestion, was transferred to the Hos-
pital in Boston ; four of variolous disease, one a fatal case ; and
one each of pulmonary hemorrhage of syphilis. Two insane per-
sons were admitted, but were soon removed to an Insane Asylum.
One young man, a State pauper, suffering from an attack of acute
rheumatism, was attended at his place of residence till convales-
cence was sufiiciently established to allow of his removal to
Bridgewater. Three deaths have occured in the house and one
birth.

The Truant Children confined here by order of Court, of whom
there were seven at the commencement of my term of service,
have increased during the year to the number of twenty-five.
No case of sickness has occurred among them, but a few have
been troubled with cutaneous disease, which readily yielded to



7;'.

treatment, and several have been vaccinated who never had been
before.

One little fellow is now under treatment with fracture of the
arm, near to the wrist, caused by the rudeness of an older and
most vicious companion.

Every needed provision for cleanliness is furnished them, and
vigilant care used that this important element to health be not
neglected. Many of these little ones, deprived of their liberty
and confined within this establishment, I doubt not find here a
happier home than has ever fallen to their lot outside its walls.
One, indeed, when informed that he could shortly be released,
seemed dejected, and in reply to my inquiry whether he would
prefer to remain, or be again subjected to parental care, unhesi-
tatingly made choice of the former.

The house is, in all respects, well adapted to the purposes of its
construction, creditable alike to the community which provides
for its maintenance, and to the Board of Supervisors who control
its management.

The rooms and halls are capacious, well warmed by steam, and
at all times to be found in a state of the most perfect cleanliness.
The repairs made upon it the past season have not only added to
its comfort internally, but have hkewise improved its outward
aspect. The Pest-house, so called, for the reception of conta-
gious disease, having been thoroughly repaired and cleansed, is
now in fit state for occupancy.

In concluding this brief report, I should be negligent indeed,
did I fail to bear testimony to the efficiency and unvarying kind-
ness of the Superintendent and his wife in the discharge of their
duties, Avhich, at times, as I well know, have been not a httle an-
noying, and to record my belief that to worthier or more faithful
hands could not be entrusted the care of the house and the wel-
fare of its inmates.

Respectfully submitted,

J. S. Flint,

Physician to the Alms-house.



REPORT



CHIEF ENGINEER OF THE FIRE DEPARTMENT.



To the Honorable Mayor, Aldermen and Common Council :

Gentlemen, — Since my last Annual Report, a vital change
has been commenced in our method of extinguishing fires.
Agreeably to a petition from many prominent citizens, it was de-
cided early in the season to purchase a Steam Fire Engine. The
City Government accordingly contracted with J. M. Stone of
Manchester, N. H., who gave ample evidence of his ability to
furnish such a machine as would be desirable. The machine was
completed and brought to the City. After a full and satisfactory
trial, it was accepted by the City Government. We also built,
in the most substantial and thorough manner, a hose carriage, to
be drawn by horse, capable of carrying 800 feet of hose. This
was also accepted by the City. While these machines were being
constructed, a convenient and suitable house was erected, to con-^
tain the Steam Fire Engine, hose carriage, and a stable for three
horses used in drawing them. An Ordinance has been passed
regulating the Steam Fire Engine, defining its ofiicers and their
duties, and under it competent and faithful men have been se-
lected as Engineer, Firemen, Drivers, &c. We feel sure in say-
ing that the whole establishment, for perfection, convenience and
completeness, cannot be surpassed by any similar one in the State.

In order to still further complete the efficiency of the Steamer,
I would recommend that there be purchased for its use, one thou-



75

sand feet of rubber hose, manufactured by the Rubber Belting
Company in this City. It has long been used in other cities on
Steam Fire Engines with great success, and, from the trial we
have given it, we are satisfied it is cheaper, full as durable, and
kept in order with far less trouble than leather hose.

It seemed to be no longer necessary that the former number of
Hand Engines should be kept in active service ; accordingly the
Company attached to Engine No. 2 was honorably discharged,
some of their members having attached themselves to the Steamer
and Hose Company. The engine will be hereafter used as a
relief engine.

A petition has been presented from residents of Phillips Street
and vicinity, praying that Engine No. 2 may be stationed in that
vicinity. We should deem it wiser for the City not to incur the
expense of erecting a house and equipping a company in that or
any other vicinity at the present time. But we earnestly would
urge upon the City Government the importance of constructing
additional Reservoirs. Last year but one was built, and a much
larger number should be built the present year. Our Steamer


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