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Thompson Inst. Contrib. 4:85-98. 1932.

47 and Ziinmerman, P. W. Effect of growth sub-
stances on rooting response of cuttings. Boyce Thompson Inst.
Contrib. 8:63-80. 1936.

48 and Zimmerman, P. W. The use of green tissue

test objects for determining the physiological activity of growth
substances. Boyce Thompson Inst. Contrib. 9:463-518. 1938.



44 MASS. EXPERIMENT STATION BULLETIN 382

49. Hitchcock, A. E., and Zimmerman, P. W. Comparative activity of
root-inducing substances and methods for treating cuttings. Boyce
Thompson Inst. Contrib. 10:461-480. 1939.

50 and Zimmerman, P. W. Effects obtained with mix-
tures of root-inducing and otiier substances. Boyce Thompson
Inst. Contrib. 11:143-160. 1940.

51. Hottes, Alfred C. Book of Shrubs. New York. 1937.

52. Hutchings, G. C, and Larson, J. A. Stimulation of root growth on

cuttings from hardwood forest trees. Proc. Iowa Acad. Sci.
36:191-200. 1929.

53. Johnston, Stanley. The propagation of highbush blueberry. Mich.

Agr. Expt. Sta. Spec. Bui. 202, 22pp. 1930.

54 The influence of certain hormone-like substances

on the rooting of hardwood blueberry cuttings. Mich. Agr. Expt.
Sta. Quart. Bui. 21:4:255-258. 1939.

55. Judd, William H. Ornamental shrubs of merit. Proc. Ann. Meet.

Amer. Plant Prop. Assoc. July 16, 1929:15-28. 1929.

56. Kemp, W. L. S. Observations on cuttings of a variety lilac. Sci.

Agr. 9:216-230. 1928.

57. Kiplinger, D. C. Further studies on the eflfect of synthetic growth

substances. Rooting of woody ornamental plants. Ohio State
Univ. Nursery Notes 7:12:1-12. 1938.

58. Kirkpatrick, H., Jr. Latest information concerning root-inducing

substances and approved methods of using them. South. Florist
and Nurseryman 47:4:7, 22-24. 1939.

59 The use of root-inducing substances. Florists' Exch.

92:14:13, 18. 1939.

60 Propagation of lilacs on own roots. Amer. Nursery-
man 69:7:3-4. 1939.

61 Rooting evergreens with chemical. Amer. Nursery-
man 71:8:9-12. 1940.

62 Rooting rose cuttings with chemicals. Amer.

Nurseryman 72:10:709. 1940.

63. Knight, F. P. The propagation of magnolias. New Flora and Silva
1:193-199. 1929.

64 Some interesting woody plants from cuttings. New

Flora and Silva 4:160-163. 1932.

65. Komissarov, D. A. Applying of growth substances to increase the

rooting capacity in cuttings of woody species and shrubs. Compt.
Rend. (Doklady) Acad. Sci. U. R. S. S. 18:63-68. 1938.

66. Laurie, Alex. The use of peat in the greenhouse. Mich. Agr. Expt.

Sta. Spec. Bui. 194, 28 pp. 1930.

67 and Chadwick, L. C. The Modern Nursery. New

York. 1931.

68. Lek, H. A. A. van der, and Krijthe, Eltien. Stimulation of the

rooting of cuttings by growth substances. (Transl. title.) (English
summary.) Meded. Landbouwhoogeschool, VVageningen 41:1-50.
1937.

69. Longley, L. E. Effect of growth substances and maturity on rooting

of cuttings of certain shrubs. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 36
(1938):827-830. 1939.

70 Growth substance in rooting certain Prunus species.

Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 2>1 (1939) :1091-1092. 1940.



PROPAGATION OF TREES AND SHRUBS 45

71. Markham, Ernest. Clematis. London. 1935.

72. McElwee, E. W. Plant hormones in the South. Amer. Nurseryman

67:6:12. 1938.
72,. Metcalfe, R. C. Plants difficult to propagate by means of cuttings.
Card. Chron. 103:2686:433. 1938.

74. Mirov, N. T. Vegetative propagation of white pine as a possible

method of blister rust control. Jour. Forestry 36:807-808. 1938.

75. Myers, M. C, Bowden, Roy A., and Hardisty, F. E. Stimulation

of kudzu cuttings. Science 88:2277:167. 1938.

76. Nearing, G. G. Holly trees from cuttings. Horticulture 15:316.

1937.

77 and Connors, Charles H. Rhododendrons from

cuttings. N. J. Agr. Expt. Sta. Bui. 666, 23 pp. 1939.

78. Nordine, Charles. Hybrid lilacs. Proc. Ann. Meet. Amer. Plant

Prop. Assoc. July 15, 1930:47-48. 1930.

79. Oliver, R. \V. Preliminary tests with plant hormones in the root-

ing of greenwood cuttings. Sci. Agr. 18:379-387. 1938.

80. Osborn, A. Shrubs and Trees for the Garden. London and Mel-

bourne. 1933.

81. Pearse, H. L. Experiments with growth controlling substances.

II. Response of fruit tree cuttings to treatment with synthetic
root-forming substances. East Mailing [Kent] Res. Sta. Ann. Rpt.
26 (1938):157-166. 1939.

82 and Garner, R. J. A note on the use of a-naphtha-

lene acetic acid for rooting soft-wood cuttings of fruit tree stocks.
Jour. Pomol. and Hort. Sci. 15:248-251. 1937.

83. Poesch, G. H. EfTect of growth substances on the rooting of woody

ornamental plants. Ohio Agr. Expt. Sta. Bimo. Bui. 191 :56-62.
1938.

84. Rehder, Alfred. Manual of Cultivated Trees and Shrubs Hardy in

North America. Ed. 2. New York. 1940.

85. Robbins, P. W. Propagation of trees and shrubs for game food.

Mich. Agr. Expt. Sta. Quart. Bui. 18:1:35-37. 1935.

86. Roberts, James L., and Roberts, Elizabeth. Auxin production by

soil micro-organisms. Soil Sci. 48:135-139. 1939.

87. Scholz, J. Influence of indole-3-acetic acid on rooting of summer

cuttings of some ornamental trees and shrubs. (Transl. title.)
(English summary.) Sbornik Ceskoslov. Akad. Zemedel. 12:648-
659. 1937.

88. Skinner, Henry T. Rooting response of azaleas and other ericaceous

plants to auxin treatment. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. 3ci. 35 (1937):
830-838. 1938. /. . vf\^ ^'>i "' , 2

Azaleas, Ghent ; Rhododendron gandawense ZZ

Azaleas, Kurume; Rhododendron obttisum var. japonicum 8, 34

Barberry, Berberis 14

Bearberry, Arctostaphylos Uva-ursi 14

Beauty-bush, Kolkzvit::ia amabilis 4, 25

Beech, European ; Fagus sylvatica 20

Berberis candidula Schneid 14

Berberis Julianac Schneid 14

Berberis Sargentiana Schneid 14

Berberis Thunbergii DC 14

Berberis triacanthophora Fedde 14

Berberis verruculosa Hemsl. & Wils 14

Betula papyrifera Marsh., canoe birch 14

Betula pendula Roth, European birch 14

Betula populifolia Marsh., gray birch 14

Birch, canoe ; Betula papyrifera 14

Bfrch, European ; Betula pendula 14

Birch, gray ; Betula populifolia 14

Bittersweet, American ; Celastrus scandens 16

Bittersweet, oriental ; Celastrus orbiculata 6, 9, 16

Black-alder,, Ilex verticillata 10, 23

Bladdernut, Staphylea 3

Blueberry, highbush ; Vaccinium, corymbosum 40

Bog-rosemary, Andromeda . . . , 14

Box, Buxus , 4, 9, 15

Box-elder, Acer Negundo 13

Box-thorn, Lycium 26

Buckthorn, Rhamnus 3, 4

Buddleia alternifolia Maxim 14

Btiddleia Davidi Franch 14

Butterfly-bush, Buddleia 14

Buttonbush, Cephalanthus occidentalis 3. 8, 16

Buxus, box 15

Buxus micro phylla Sieb. & Zucc 15

Buxus semperuirens L IS

Callicarpa Bodinieri Levi 15

Callicarpa dichotoma (Lour. ) K. Koch 15



PROPAGATION OF TREES AND SHRUBS 4Q

Page

Callicarpa japonica Thunb 15

Calluna vulgaris ( L.) Hull., heather 15

Camellia japonica L 9, 15

Cainpsis radicans ( L.) Seem., trumpet-vine 3

Caragana arborcscens Lam., pea-tree 15

Caragana Boisii Schneid 15

Carya Pecan ( Marsh.) Engl. & Graebn., pecan 4, 15

Catalpa spcciosa Warder, western catalpa 3, 4, 15

Ccanothus Dclilianus Spach 8, 16

Cedar, incense ; Libocedrus decurrcns 2, 9, 25

Cedar of Lebanon, Cedrus libani 16

Cedar, red ; Junipenis virginiana 2, 23, 24

Cedar, white ; Chamaecyparis thyoides 2, 17

Cedrus libani Loud., cedar of Lebanon 16

Cclastnis orbiculata Thunb., oriental bittersweet 16

Celastrus scandens L., American bittersweet 16

Ceplialanthus occidcntalis L., buttonbush 16

Cercis canadensis L 16

Cercis chinensis Bge 16

Chaenomeles japonica (Thunb.) Lindl 2, 3, 16

Chaenomeles lagenaria (Loisel.) Koidz., Japan quince 3, 16

Chamaecyparis Lawsoniana (A. Murr.) Pari., Lawson cypress 16

Chamaecyparis obtusa (Sieb. & Zucc.) Endl., Hinoki cypress 10, 16

Chamaecyparis pisifera (Sieb. & Zucc.) End!., Sawara cypress 17

Chamaecyparis thyoides (L.) B.S.P., white cedar 2, 17

Chaste-tree, Vitex Agnus-castus 40

Cherry, Prunus 3, 4

Cherry, Cornelian ; Cornus mas 18

Cherry, European bird ; Prunus Padu-s 31

Cherry, Higan ; Prunus subhiriella 31

Chimaphila umbellata (L.) Nutt 4

Chiogenes hispidula Torr. & Gr., creeping snowberry 17

Chokeberry, black ; Aronia melanocarpa 14

Qiokeberry, red ; Aronia arbutifolia 14

Cladrastis lutea (Michx.) K. Koch, yellow-wood 17

Clematis lanuginosa Lindl 17

Clematis Lawsoniana Moore & Jackman 17

Clematis montana DC 17

Clematis tangutica ( Maxim.) Korsh 17

Clematis vedrariensis Vilm 17

Clethra alnifolia L., sweet pepperbush 17

Coralberry, Symphoricarpos orbiculatus 37

Coriaria 17

Cornus alba L 17

Cornus Amomum Mill 17

Cornus florida L., flowering dogwood 17

Cornus Kousa Hance 18

Cornus mas L., Cornelian cherry 18

Cornus racemosa Lam 10, 18

Cornus sanguinca L., red dogwood 18

Cornus stolonifera Michx., red-osier dogwood 18

Coronilla Emerus L., scorpion senna 18

Corylopsis pauciflora Sieb. & Zucc 18

Corylopsis Willmottiac Rehd. & Wils 18

Corylus Avellana L., European hazel 18

Corylus maxima Mill., filbert 18

Cotinus Coggygria Scop., smoke-tree 34

Cotoneaster spp 4, 18

Cofoneaster acutifolia Turcz 19

Cotoneaster adpressa Bois 19

Cotoneaster divaricata Rehd. & Wils 18, 19

Cotoneaster horicontalis Decne 19

Cotoneaster microphylla Lindl 19

Cottonwood, Populus deltoidcs 30

Cowberry, Vaccinium Vifis-idaea 40

Crab Siberian, Malus baccata 27

Cranberry-busli. European ; Viburnum Opulus 40



50 MASS. EXPERIMENT STATION BULLETIN 382

Page

Creeper, Virginia ; Parthcnocissus quinqiiefolia 3, 27

Cryptomcria japonica ( L. f .) D. Don 19

Cuprcssus macrocarpa Gord., Monterey cypress 19

Currant, alpine ; Ribcs alpinum 34, 35

Cur; ant, European black ; Ribcs nigrum 34

Cun ant, garden ; Ribes satizmm 34

Currant, northern red ; Ribcs rubrum, 34

Cydo)iia oblonga Mill., quince 19

Cypress, Hinoki ; Chariiaccyparis obtusa 16

Cypress, Lawson ; Chamaccyparis Lazvsoniana 16

Cyp''oss, Monterey ; Cuprcssus macrocarpa 19

Cyp''ess, Sawara ; Chamaccyparis pisifera 17

Cylisus Bcanii Nichols 19

Cytisus purc/ans ( L. ) Spach 1''

Cyfisus supiuiis L 19

Daphne Cncoruin L 19

Daphne Genkzva Sieb. & Zucc 19

Daphne Laureola L 19

Daphne Mczereum L., mezereum 19

Daphne odora Thunb 19

Davidia invoiucrata BailL, dove-tree l:i

Dcutsia spp 3, 9

Deutzia gracilis Sieb. & Zucc 19

Deutzia Lemoinei Lemoine 19

Deutzia scabra Thunb .'j, 19

Dockmackie. Viburnum acerifolium 10

Dogwood, flowering ; Cornus florida 10, 17

Dogwood, red ; Cornus sanguinca 18

Dogwood, red-osier ; Cornus stolonifera 18

Dorycniuni hirsutum ( L. ) Ser 20

Douglas-fir. Pseudotsuga taxifolia 31

Dove-tree. Davidia invoiucrata 4. 19

Dutchman's pine, Aristolochia durior 14

Eleagnus pungens Thunb 3, Zd

Elder, American; Sambucus canadensis 36

Elder, European ; Sambucus nigra 36

Elder, European red ; Sambucus raceniosa 36

Elm, Chinese ; Uhnus parvifolia 39

Elm, Siberian ; Uhnus pumila 39

Elm, white ; Uhnus amcricana 2, 4. 39

Enkianthus campanulattis ( Miq.) Nichols 20

Enkianthus perulatus (Miq.) Schneid 20

Epigaea repcns L., mayflower 3, 20

Erica, heath 12, 20

Erica darleyensis Bean 20

Erica Tctralix L., cross-leafed heath 20

Euonynius spp 3, 10, 20

Euonymus alata (Thunb. ) Sieb., winged spindle-tree 20

Euonymus amcricana L.. strawberry-bush 20

Euonymus europaea L.. European spindle-tree 20

Euonymus Fortunei ( Turcz.) Hand.-Mazz 20

Euonymus japonica L 20

Euonymus kiautschoz'ica Loes 20

Euonynius latifolia Scop 20

Exochorda racem,osa (Lindl.) Rehd 20

Fagus sylvatica L., European beech 20

Filbert ; Corylus maxima 18

Fir, Colorado ; Abies concolor 13

Fir, Spanish ; Abies Pinsapo 13

Firj Veitch ; Abies Vcitchii 13

Firethorn ; Pyracantha 3, 2>Z

Flower, pinxter ; Rhododendron nudiflorum 32

Fontanesia Fortunei Carr 21

Forsythia, golden-bell 21

Forsythia intermedia Zab 21

Forsythia suspensa ( Thunb. ) Vahl 21



PROPAGATION OF TREES AND SHRUBS 51

Page

Forsythia viridissima Lindl 21

Fothergilla Gardcni Murr 8, 21

Fothcrgilla monficola Ashe 21

Fraukliitia alatainaha Marsh., Gordonia 21

Gale, sweet ; Myrica Gale 8, 27

Gardenia 21

Genista pilosa L 21

Ginkgo biioba L., maidenhair-tree 4, 21

Golden-bell, Forsythia 21

Golden-chain, Labiimuni anagyroides 4, 25

Gooseberry 3 (

Gordonia, Franklinia alataniaha 21

Grape. J'itis 3, 9, 41

Holesia Carolina L., silverbell-tree 21

Halesia monticola (Rehd.) Sarg.. silverbell-tree 21

Hamaniclis mollis Oliv 22

Hazel, Corylus 18

Hazel, European ; Corylus Avcllana 18

Heath, Erica '. 12, 2J

Heather, Calluna vulgaris 15

Hcdera Helix L., English Ivy 22

H clianthemwn nummularinm ( L. ) Mill., sun-rose 22

Hclwingia japonica ( Thunb. ) F. G. Dietr 22

Hemlock, common ; Tsuga canadensis 4, 39

Hibiscus syriacus L., shrubby althaea 9, 22

Hobble-bush ; Viburnum alnifolium 40

Holly, American ; Ilex opaca 4, 9, 23

Honeysuckle ; Lonicera 26

Honeysuckle, Tatarian ; Lonicera tatarica 9, 10, 26

Hydrangea arboresccns L 22

Hydrangea macrophylla (Thunb.) DC 8, 22

Hydrangea paniculata Sieb 22

Hydrangea petiolaris Sieb. & Zucc 22

Hydrangea quercifolia Barth 8, 22

Hypericum, St. John's-wort 22

Hypericum- frondosmn Michx 22

Idesia polycarpa Maxim 22

Ilex cornuta Lindl 22

Ilex crenata Thunb 10, 22

Ilex glabra ( L. ) Gray, inkberry 23

Ilex opaca Ait., American holly 23

Ilex rugosa Fr. Schmidt 23

Ilex verticillata ( L.) Gray, black-aider 23

Ilex vomitoria Ait., yaupon 23

Inkberry ; Ilex glabra 23

Ilea z'irginica L 3. 23

Ivy, Boston ; Parthenocissus tricuspidata 27

Ivy, English ; Hedcra Helix 22

Jasmine, winter ; Jasminum nudiflorum 23

Jasminum, nudiflorum Lindl., winter jasmine вАҐ 23

Jasminum stcphanense Lemoine 8

Juniper, Chinese ; Juniperus chinensis 23

Juniper, common ; Juniperus communis 24

Juniper, creeping ; Juniperus horinontalis 23, 24

Juniper, Irish; Juniperus communis var. hibernica 24

Juniper, mountain ; Juniperus communis var. saxatalis 23

Juniper Pfitzer; Juniperus chinensis var. Pfitzeriana ..2, 9, 10, 11, 12, 23, 24

Juniper prostrate ; Junipertus communis var. depressa 24

Juniper, Waukegan ; Juniperus horisontalis var. Douglasii 24

Juniperus chinensis L. var. Pfitseriana Spaeth., Pfitzer

juniper 2, 9, 10, 11, 12, 23, 24

Juniperus communis L., common juniper 24

Juniperus conferta Pari 23

Juniperus excelsa Bieb. 23

Juniperus horisontalis Moench., creeping juniper 23, 24



52 MASS. EXPERIMENT STATION BULLETIN 382

Page

Jttniperus procumbens ( Endl. ) Sieb. & Zucc 24

Juniperus Sabina L., savin 23, 24

Junipcrus virginiana L., red cedar 2, 23, 24

Kaliuia latifolia L., mountain laurel 6, 24

Kalinia polifolia Wangenh 25

Kerria japonica ( L. ) DC 6, 25

Keteleeria Davidiana (Franch.) Beiss 25

Kolkivitsia amabilis Graebn., beauty-bush 25

Kudzu-vine, Pucraria Thunbergiana 10, 31

Laburnum anagyroidcs Med., golden-chain 25

Larch, Siberian ; Lari.v sibirica 25

Larix sibirica Ledeb., Siberian larch 25

Laurel, cherry ; Prunus Laurocerasus 31

Laurel, mountain ; Kalmia latifolia 6, 24

Lavandula officinalis Chaix., lavendar 25

Lavender ; Lavandula officinalis 25

Lespcdeza Thiinbergii ( DC.) Nakai 25

Leucothoc Catesbaci ( Walt. ) Gray 25

Libocedrus dccurrens Torr., incense cedar 2, 25

Ligiisirwn compactum Hook, f . & Thorns 25

Ligustruin japonicum Thunb. Japanese privet 25

Ligustrum ovalifolium Hassk., California privet 25

Lilac, common ; Syringa vulgaris 3, 37

Lilac, Himalayan ; Syringa eniodi 38

Lilac, Hungarian ; Syringa Josikaea 38

Lilac, Persian ; Syringa pcrsica 38

Lindera Bensoin ( L.) Bl., spice bush 25

Liquidanibar formosaua Hance 26

Liquidatnbar oricntalis Mill 26

Liquidanibar StyraciHua L., sweet-gum 26

Liriodendron Tulipifera L., tulip-tree 26

Locust, black ; Robinia Pseudoacacia 4, 6, 9, 35

Lonicera spp., honeysuckle 3, 26

Lonicera coerulca L 26

Lonicera fragrantissima Lindl. & Paxt 25

Lonicera Korolkozvii Stapf 5, 26

Lonicera MaackH Maxim 26

Lonicera Morrowii A. Gray 26

Lonicera nitida Wils 6, 26

Lonicera pileata Oliv 26

Lonicera tatarica L., Tatarian honeysuckle 26

Lyciuni chinense Mill., Qiinese matrimony-vine 26

Lycium ruthenicum Murr 26

Lyonia ligustrina (L.) DC, Male-berry 8

Madura pomifera ( Raf.) Schneid., osage-orange 26

Magnolia spp 8, 26

Magnolia Kobus DC 26

Magnolia liliflora Desrouss 26

Magnolia Soulangeana Soul 10, 26

Magnolia stellata ( Sieb. & Zucc.) Maxim 4, 26

Maidenhair-tree, Ginkgo biloba 4 ,21

Male-berry, Lyonia ligustrina 8

Malus arnoldiana ( Rehd. ) Sarg 27

Mains atrosanguinea (Spaeth.) Schneid 10, 26

Malus baccata (L.) Borkh., Siberian crab 27

Malus pumila Mill., common apple 27

Maple, Japanese ; Acer palnmfum 13

Maple, Norway ; Acer platanoides 4, 13

Maple, red ; Acer rubrum 4. 13

Maple, silver ; Acer saccharinum 13

Maple, sugar ; Acer saccharum _ 13

Matrimony-vine, Chinese ; Lycium chinense 26

Mayflower, Epigaea repens 3, 20

Mezereum, Daphne Mezereum 19

Mock-orange, Philadelphus 28



PROPAGATION OF TREES AND SHRUBS 53

Page

Muscadine, Vitis rofundifolia 41

Myrica Gale L., sweet gale 27

Ninebark, Physocarpns opulifolius 3. 28

Oak, English ; Quercus robur 2>2

Oak, red ; Quercus borcalis 4, 32

Orange, Hamlin sweet 9

Osage-orange, Madura pomifera 8, 26

Osmanthus iiicif alius ( Hassk. ) Mouillef 27

Oxydcndrum arborcum ( L. ) DC, sorrel-tree 27

Pachistima Canbyi Gray 27

Pachistima Myrsinites Raf 27

Pachysaiidra terminalis Sieb. & Zucc 27

Parrotia persica C, A. Mey 27

Parthcnocissus quinquefolia (L.) Planch., Virginia creeper 27

Parthcitocissus tncnspidata (Sieb. & Zucc.) Planch., Boston ivy 27

Passidora raceiuosa Brot., passion-flower 28



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