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lesourees, ovgbt we not to expend our chief strength on those regions wbicii
God has specially opened for our oceupiancy, and-^in which he nas granted
lis the clearest proofs of his 'favor ? Instead of wasting time, and meani^
juid valuable life, on a soil that yields little return, and where no dew
■or rain descends to give t^ken of Heaven's approval, is it not more wise,
•nd more in accordance with providential developments, to work not only
isAen but vhen God works ; to concentrate our efforts on fields where every
l>low which we strike is energised from on high; where, before -we call,
God answers ; and where, in the various preparatory agencies in operatioo,
and in the cheerinff results alread/ witnessed, we see his hand, clear as a
sunbeam, marshalling our way, and pouring the brightness of promise along
the path of our future toils?

Tbe Mission to France, though of higher importance, and somewhat
more encouraging in its aspects, than the one just contemplated, is never-
theless surrounded by peculiar difficulties, and, in its results, has but par-
tially answered the expectations of its founders. Its position, amidst a nu-
tneroua and mighty people, the leaders of modern civiKzation, who are pow-
erfully influenoing the destinies of Europe and the world, is too meiiientotiA
to allow the thought of its abandonment to be for an ipstgot entfirtained.
Besides,' the remarkable political changes which haye taken plaqfi tbere^
removing many of the obstructions by which' the work of evan^lization
was formerly im|)eded, give manifest evidence that the time has arrived for
pressing that work with increased energy and hope. But while your C6m^
raittee believe that this mission should be enlarged and strengthened, they
would reipectfully Inquire whether some material change might nbt be acU
vaoti^eously made in the form in which it is now coaduoted. .TAey<ar»
fully convinced that, in a population possessing such mental and. motral
.characteristics as that of France, settled pastors^ with regular placee for
preaching, and fixed stations of labor^ do not constitute tne means best
adapted to success. Such feeble and isolated points must there be at onc6
bidden and crushed, by the ever' flowing current of frivolity and worldli^
ness, the scorn of infidelity; And the eveHrbelmlng weight of an apostate
hierarchy, that press upon them on every side. While they admit the
necessity of continuing to supply with a stated ministry the churches whicb
have already been established, they are persuaded that the main depend-



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0H AMJI«fflh»JBMMtf4^1i4iMa [iitcai,

w«ll, if tht AmrieaD BiM8ionaj-ie9 now oo the ground, iD8te«d of oonfiiitiig
tbecnaelvee chiefly to fixed loctttions, were to act ae the superiotendenie or
auoiveraal systetn of col portage and itinerant misaiona, to be extended by
meaiia of native laborers throughout the entire country. They belicfe thaC
the moat efficient inetrumentality for the spread of the foapel in France, at
least for the present, is to be found in the diatrUmtion or biblas|and relifious
booka; io tbe word of prayer and exhortation, dropped, as it were, incidetio
taUy by tbe wayside, and in the dwelJinn of tbe poor; in tbe tidinga of
meroy, borne through aii her OMurta of trade, and over all her ?ioe^lad hilla,
by oieasengera who com^ unseen, and depart unheeded ; like tbe auinnrar
^oud, that soaCtera its treasure on one district, and leaviug it to do its work,
{laasea rapidly away to fertilize another.

In Denmark and Oermany, tbe state of our miaaiona m eminentiy pro»>
peroua. There tbe work was cenunenced in obedience to a special eaH
of God ; it baa been prosecuted in a wise and efficient manner ; and Um
results have been correapondiogly happy. In reierenoe to these fielda, the
Committee have liule to suggest, except that it bebovea ua to lift uf> onr
hearts in unfeigned thanksgiving to God, for the aiieceas wbioh he baa
l^nted ID our feeble eodeavora ; and to pirt forth more enlarged and can*
Deal efforts io an enterprise which be baa ao signally blesaed. Germany,
with all its millions, lies open to evangelical labor ; and God is giving us
the most distinct indications, that thert £» would have us toil on en ample
acale, end with peculiar zeal. . Let ua redeet upon the atnpendeua indiienes
whicb tbe German mind, with Ita noble honeaty, 4ts unbending firmness, its
tireless industry. Its vast atores of learning, and ita wide^reaching- laleol,
will ag^ert lor the glory pf God, and the eauae of human aalvation, when, br
a aeoond i(eforaatioa,-Hi Reformation eomplele aa tbe. firat waa partial,
Md oarried (bcwiird t^.men whe ahall assail tbe very citadel of darkness^
aa Lulber did tlie o$tworki^-**it ahall have bean emanctfmted fifom tbe.da*
luaiona that now eatbral it, and be conaacaated to the apread of pure Chris*'
tianity* May sueh a coiit^mplatioQ, by tbe Ueaaittg of Divine grace, urfs
m to more lervent farayer and moi^ inlenaa endeaaor for ibe arrival of a
coMHimnwIlon so im|>erlaot to the preaeirt and eternal walfiure of man.
All whaeh is respeetfuUy submitled,
c Gse. B. Ins,

N. Coiivsa,

D. M. .WuLsmr^ }-CbaiiMllae.

Gna. C. BAU^wm,

8. D. PaaLP^, ,

Me$9hid, That when we adjourn, we Mjouni to meet on tha
Tuesday before the third Thursday in May, 1850, in the meetings*
house '<if the Washington Street Baptist Church, Buffklo, N. Y.

On diotion of Rev. J. N. Granger, of R. I., it wAs

Resolpedf That the Executive Committee be requested to report
at the next meeting of this Board, what measures have been taken
by missionaries of tkis Board for the introduction of the goapiel
amoos the Saloags of South £astem Asia, and with what Muks;
and aleo, what are the present prospects that that people will now
receive the gospel at our hands.

ReBohedy That the Committee on the Maulmain Burman and Ka-
ren Missions be instructed to meet, if possible^ and to discharge the
duties anaigned them, in all the month, of June ensuing,

AAh'urned. Prayer. hy Rev. J. Wade, of Burmah.



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THIRTT-PIPTH ANNUAL BEPORT.



Mr. Chairman,

The Constitution tinder which we have met here requires
the Executive Committee to " present to the Board of Man-
agers, at its annual meeting, a report containing a full account
of their doings during the preceding year ; of the condition and

f)ro$pects of every missionary station ; of their plans for the enl-
argement or contraction of their sphere of operations ; and in
general giving all such information as will enable the Board to
decide correctly respecting the various subjects on which it is
their duty, as agents of the Ujiion,.to form oi express an opin-
ion/' In oerfQrming this service, s the ConUnittee first desire to
acknowleage that the past has been a year m^iaerable for the
manifestations. of the faithfulness and power of God, in all the
vicissitudes of Jiuman affairs and in all the trials and responsi-
bilities of missionary operations.

Death has nciade ^ breach in the Board of Managers. The
venerable Nathaniel Kendrick. D. D., for nearly thirty years
one of its members, has finisbea the work which his Lord gave
him to do on earth, and has entered into rest ; leaving to those
who survive him the memory of a life devoted, with wisdom
and disinterestedness rarely surpassed, to the hiehest interests
of his race4 Rev. Ivory Clarke, of the Bassa Mission, Mrs.
Anna A. Stevens Johnson, of the China- Mission, and Mrs.
Caroline Baldwin Jencks, of the Siam Mission, have also died
since the last annual meeting of the Board; of whom far-
ther notice will be taken in connection with the missions to
which they respectively belonged.



MISSIONiRY ROOMS.

Agreeably with the authorization of the Board the Commit-
tee have procured a set of rooms, in all respects better adapted
to the purposes for which they are used than those occupiea by
the executives at the time of the last annual meeting. Posses-
sion was taken of them in July, and the annual rent is $600.

VOL. XXIX. 90



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aM mr^FlflK JhmmtL BtprntSiKtifii €md Ei gptni ikm. [Jolt,

Within the year the Committee hare had occamon to reTiew
their own acts and those of the executive officers. In the first
instance the examination was conducted by the Committee with
the aid of the Secretaries, Treasurer and returned missionaries ;
and subsequently with the assistance of brethren whose in-
formation and circumstances qualified them for the service.
The examination, in both instances, extended through nine
days ; the resulta, attained with great unanimity, will, it is
hoped, subserve the interests of the missions.

On account of the pressure of other engagements, Mr. Jona-
than Bacheller resigned his place in the Committee in Novem*-
ber, and the vacancy was supplied by the election of Mr. Simon
G. Shipley ; for similar reasons Barnas Sears, D. D., and Mr.
Gardner Colby resigned their seats in February, and their
places have not been filled.



UCEIPTS Am) EXrSNDITURES.

The receipts for the year have been as follows :•

Donations firom Churches, Individuals, and Sab-
bath Schools,

Legacies^ . . • . .

On account of tale of Grand Rapids land,

Profits on MiesidDary Magazine,

Interest on Fund for suppprt of Officers,

Grants of United States' Government,

" '< American and Foreign Bible Society,
" « American Tract Society,



f8B,3<^ 47
6,640 6^
1,600 00
423 30
1,200 00
4,000 00
7,600 00
2,000 00


1106,626 S9



Making the rec^pts, fiom the above sources.

The expenditures in the same time have been for

Objects named in the Report of Trea-
surer, . . . . $86,401 62

Civilization of Indians of N. America, 4,000 00

Translation, printing and distribution
of Scriptures in France, Germany,
Burmah, Assam, Siam and China, 7,600 00

Tracts in France, Germany, Bur-
mah, Siam and China, . 2,000 00

Support of Secretaries and Treasurer, 1,200 00

Making the expenditures $101,121 62

And leaving a balance of 4,404 67n:$10&,£26 29

with. which the UabiliUes existing at the beginniag of ti)fe year
have been ledneed to $24,891 06.



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urn.]

Additional to Ikie sbore teoeipts, and m ^^ a thank-offeriDg
for the wonderful success which has followed the labors of
missionaries among the Karens of Soath Eastern Asia," two
individuals proposed to pay $5,000 into Ae treasury beyond
their ordinary and annual contributions, on condition that it
should '* be expended in such a way as most directly to giro
greater eflfeiency to the existing facilities for preaching the goa-
pel to the Karens; and that it be in addition to whatever ap^
propriatioBs the Executive Committee would otherwise make
to the Karen Missions, under present off subsequent estimates."
This geoerons and unexpected proposal was promptly acceded
to by the Committee, and the $5,000 remain in the bands of
the Treasurer as a Mpecial fundj of which the Karen mission-
aries have been apprized, to be expended as fast as its con^
ditions can be met

The estate of the late Mrs. Farwell, referred to in the last
annual report of the Committee, came into their hands early in
April, 1849. In view of fruitless attempts made to obtain an
act of the Legislature of Massachusetts releasing the Missionary
Union from the necessity of holding the esiaie in trust, for the

Cyment of the perpetual annuity to the Massachusetts Baptist
issionary Convention, the Treasurer has been instmcted to
use the annual income of the same in paying the salaries of the
Secretaries and Treasurer, except so ftir as it may be require
to meet annuities and demands provided for in the Will, and
until the time in whieh any other claims expire by limitation.
The net income to the Board is about $500 per year; and the
Committee have made this disposition of it with the expeeta^
tion that the difficulty of releasing the estate from the perpetual
trust would make it neeessary for the Board to add the property
to the Permanent Fund.

It is known that more than one third of the amount of
donations and legacies received tiie last financial year, waa
paid into the treasury in the month of March ; and that a like
occurrence took place in the last month of the preceding year«
Souneqnal a distribution of contributions among the several
months in two successive years, asay awaken in the Board ap«
ptehensions of ultimate disaster.

In view of the desirableness of secoring a larger income at aa
earlier day, seasonable and earnest efforts were made to obtain
so much by the middle of January, as might enable the Com*
mittee to prepare the annual schedule in due season without di-
minishing the appropriations to the missiona These calls for
the time were comparatively inoperative. But subsequently
contributors made responses which proved that die interests of
the missions were fixed in their principles and hearts, and that
the delay was for sufficient cause*

During the eighteen preceding months, the in^qences of pe-
cunjiiry distress had prevailed ; and within a year an upusual



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«6 TUHif-f\fik Ammi Btpmt-^-PBmtmkmM. [Jmt,

number of bhnrches lanked among the lergest contributors
have changed pastors. The ordinary times and systems cC
collection were thus seriously affected. Upwards of $13,000
were paid into the treasury in March by individuals and
churches whose donations in 1846-7 were made before the
close ^f January. But to this delay on the part of so many
large contributors, painful as we're the fears which it occasion-
ed, is chiefly to be attributed the fact that the expenditures
have been met without resorting to '^ special subscriptions."
In a few instances such subscriptions may have been made;
but as a very general rule the donations received in March
were annual contributions, made under the influence of motives
which might have failed to produce the same amounts in any
other than the last quarter of the year.

The same causes will lead to similar results as often as
they occur, unless effort be made to induce contributors to re-
gard the time more than the amofurU of their donations. But
such a policy could scarcely be pursued without interfering
with the rights of donors. Churches, often choose.to retain their
contributions until they have reached the sum required for
miembership in the Union, — a privilege which they could not
be dissuaded fmm exercising without injury both to themselves
and to the missidns, and the enjoyment of which will continue
to make the receipts of the last month of every year relatively
large.

More perfectly to equalize the receipts of the year among its
different months would produce more reliable plans in all de-
partments of the missionary service. But there are times for
sowing and reaping; and the husbandman can better afford to
borrow the means of purclmsing bread than to reap an unripe
harvest. So in the home work of foreign missions ; it is wiser
to wait even until the last month of the year for the full con-
tribution of a church, thau to receive little at an earlier day-^
and thus render necessary "extra collections" or smaller a.ppro-»
priations. While little may be found in the results of home
operations for the last year to awaken anxiety, or to diminish
the abounding gratitude of our hearts, the purpose of securing
a more equal distribution of the receipts should be cherished
and acted upon so far as consistent with the higher object of
obtaining enough, at some time within the year, to meet the
constantly increasing wants of the missions. And it may be
hoped that as causes subside which have produced the conse^
quences referred to, contributors will yield to the obvious pro-
priety of aiming to make the monthly receipts more nearly
equal to the monthly expenditurios.

PUBLICATIONS*

The monthly issue of the last volume of the Magazine was
about 4,600 copies, on which its publisher paid into the trea-



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mry |I4SS,9(X. The monthly issue of the Macedofaian puUfshed
in dostOQ was 15,000 copies, and the balance in its favor, in«
dading the stim due from the publisher, was $90,17. Of the
Cincinnati edition the monthly circulation has been 6,600 cop-
ies, and the balance against it May 2, 1849, was $228,73.

The present Toiumes of these periodicals are Mited and pub-
lished as last year. The Committee are of opinion, however,
that some modification may be advantageously madte in the
contributors fond of both puhlicationa ; and as a report whidi
the Committee were instructed Co make will come before the
Board in another form, it may be unnecessary at this time to
refer to the policy on which the periodicals should be .coudact*
ed after the close of the present year. ; \

Of the Thirty-Fourth Annual Report of the Union 2,000
copies were published and have been circulated, exclusive of
the Magazine edition of the same document. Of the Annual
Sermon, by Rev. J. N. Granger, 3,600 were printed, aa the first
of a. series of Occasional Publications, and a copy was sent to
every pastor within the home field of the Union, whose address
could be ascertained. Through the liberality of the American
Tract Society and the assistaCBce of the agents of the Board,
4,600 copifM of <' Thoughts on Missions," by Rev. Sheldon
Dibble, have been dreolated froin the Missionary Rooms wiihin
the year.

The History of American Baptist Missions, to which allusion
was made in the last annual report, hasf been published. The
work was submitted in manuscript. to Reir. Drs. Cone, Sharp
and Chate, for examination, and they have given it their
deoided approval - The terms on which it is published leave
no ris.ka oc expenses to be incurred by the Board, and the price
at which it is sold places it within the reach ot all who desire
to know the origin and progress of the missions, It is believed
that the widest circulation of this work will greatly promote: the
mispionary enterprise.



AOBKCIBS.

The agents' in the employ of the Board; are Rev. Alfred
Bennett, Rev. John Stevens, Rev. Greenleaf S. Webb, Rev.
Oren Tracy, Rev. Sewall M. Osgood, Rev. Joseph Wilson,
Rev. Orrin Dodge and Rev. James P. Wilcox.

In Maine and New Hampshire Mr. Wilson has continued his
labors through the year, in which time he has addressed one
hundred and fbrty churches, associations and conventions in
behalf of the missionary cause ; and of the churches thirty-
seven were not visited by him last year. Mr. Wilson has t\x^
dilated about six hundred cofnee of Dibble's Thoughts on Mis^
noDa; . and the means which he hits employed in doing faii



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90 .ZM^ifm AMtf Jr»rf t§m^ [Jtef,

work/ are raoh u may be used from year- to year wMi hope of
euccess. • The nomber of pastors who preach a motithly mi»-
siODary sermon, and of churches who da the home work of
missions thoroughly, is increasing; and it is confidently believ-
ed, by the agent, that there will be an increase in the amount
■of contributions from his district the present year.

in Rhode blapd and the eastern part of Massachusetts Mr.
Wilcox has dejoted four months to a temporary agency. He
has addressed twelity-three churches, nearly all of which made
eontrtbotloQS in advance of those of the preceding year. Mr.
Wikox says, that " Sfsiemaiie effort in the home work of mis-
Aons appears to be increasing," but he has a '^ still deeper im-
pression that the work, with very few exceptions, is not thor^
cughly done." At present he sees no way for the cause to
prosper without the occasional visits of agents well qualifled
for the work.

In Vermont, Copneoticut and the western part of Massachu-
setts, Mr. Tracy has labored thiongh the year. He has ad^
dressed one hundred and thirty-one churdies^ associations and
meetings on the subject of missions; and of the churches fortv-
six were not visited by him the preceding yean In nearly
every section of' his district Mr. Tracy has seen evidences
of growing interest in the missionary entevprise. His chief
aim has been to cause " churches and pastors to feel that the
work of mission^ demands deliberate, systematic and persever-
ing effort, such fis thel husbandman bestows on the cultivation
of the soil/' As a. helper in this service, he regards -** Dibble's
Thoughts as being worth more fov praeiicai effect, than anv
other wotk that has been written in the English ianguage/*
No fiiHiag off is apprehended in the contributions from this dis-
trict the present year.

in the eastern section df New York Mr. Dodge has spent
fburmonth^ o^ the year; in which time he has* visited fiAy-one
churches and addressed three county missionary societies<
Most of these churches were not visited by an agent of the
Board the preceding year, and the large increase in their con-
tributions is a fair illustration both of the necessity and advan-
tages of employing agents to go from church to church, in the
present state of the home work pf missions. Mr. Dodge has
every where urged the adoption of the plan of a monthly mts-
9tonary seroion, and he sees no reason to doubt that more
money will be paid into the treasury from the same district
thfi present year than has been received in the lasc

In central and northern New York Mr. Bennett has continu-
ed his labors through the year, with the exception of a few
weeka spent in Michigan. He has addressed one hnndred and
twenlyrtbree churches, associations and other meetings, aad of
the chttrehes nearly one half were not visited by an agent of
thi JBdaiDd ibe pfeeediog.year,. Mr* Bennett believes that the



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UMmi]^ «f '^ iystetnatie «(?tlmiy monthly prwohiiig, b<)ntiilm«^
tions and prayer in behalf of the missionary oatiee, is gradaalty
meteanng in central Ne^ York} yet the frequent cbAoges iu
the piistoral relation seriously retard the {Mrogtressv" The
meine which the agent has need in promoting the vnttrests of
die cause are such as may he safely and BtKcestfully used from
year to year ; And the prospects of the preseht year^ in this dis^
trict, at 6 more hopeful than they were at the same tims kst
year.

In western Nefw York Mr. Osgood has oontinii^d his services
through the yean He hss addieessd one hutidrsd and forty*^
8S?en ehnrches on the subject of his sgency; and d£ the
churches sixty-five were not risited by him in ibe year ending
with Mardh^ 1848^ Mr< Omood has disposed of nearly one
thousand coj^es of Dibble's Thonghts ; and his estimate of tho
work is SQch that he would consider himself t)rofitably kid"
ployed if his whole time were speiit in its cifrcnlation. He finds
evidence of gtor\ving attention in difierent pans of his dis^.
trict to the Monthly Concert of Prayer, and to systematic efibrt
in eecnring missionary contributions. The means need by him*
Aire such as be deems the best adaptid te produce a permanent
interest in the enterprise of Christian missions, and he cherisbee
the hope of a. small advance in the fruitibhiesa of his district
die present year;

In New Jersey and eatftem Pennsylvania Mr, Webb has la*
bored through the year, as far as bis impaired health woudd aU
low* He has visited fifty-eight churches, cOnvieritiens and mis*
sionary meetings ; and ten of the churches Were not addressed
by him^he preceding year. Mr. Webb has avoided all eAbrrs
to procure special contributions which would in 4ny Mspact di^
roinish the ordinary annual donations. The Monthly Concert
is faithfully observed in his district by about the same mitober
af churches as in other respects evince a deep interest ixn the
missionary canscv Some pastdr^ have adopted die plan of a
monthly missionary sermon, and in the opinion of the agent,
when all do so, there will be tittle need of other ai^ents toad-
Tocate the claims of the missions.

In Ohio tind western Ptensylvairia Mr. Stetens has pinrsaed
the same course substantiany as in former years, except that
his attention has been a good ddal occupied with tiieinteiest»
of theological education. The number of churches and public
meetmgs visited and addressed is thirty; the supervision of
the Cincinnati edition of the Maeedonian and a wide corres-
pondence have received the usual care^ In December the
Committee. w^re oblige to accept the resignation' of Mn Ste-
tens. fts an dgel»t of the Bo^rdi that he mighty in obedieilce.
to his own oonviciieos of duty, enter upon a Idddred service
for another institution. Since then, he luis devoted only about
half his time to thfa interests ^ the Boardi Bfferts harve



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becttmade to steove a Mhabto xxuit to fill the importitiit place.
8o long, and so successfully held by Mr. Stevens.



Online LibraryMassachusetts Baptist ConventionThe Baptist missionary magazine → online text (page 39 of 72)