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but nothing more substantial was prof-
ferecL Lint4gin is a Mantchou Tartar,
an amiable and intelligent man ; and
as be is young and said to be popular
at court, he is likdy to be advanced to
the higheat uruala in the empire. Ue <



recoUeeted an incerview I bad whk
him about two years before. He waa
abaent from the city when Commo-
dore Biddle, acting ambassador of the
United Suites, visited Ningpo. The
Commodore was politely entertained
by the subordinate officers, but wished
some messages to be delivered to the
t4ut'&i, which he entrusted to me. 1
embraced the opportunity to present
His Excellency with tracts and portions
of the bible. These he had evidently
read; and though they produced no
serious impression on his mind, he
was favorably impressed with Clvist-
ianity. His proposed visit t6 see my
museum, apparatus, &c., was prevent-
ed by his sudden removal to the de-
partment in which Shanghai is situ-
ated whilst 1 waa out of the city. He
sent his card, compliments and thanks,
on leaving.

Dicrtganl of life.
Though a timid people, particularly
in view of death, the Chinese neverthe-
less evince a disregard for life which is
very remarkable. This trait in their
character should be remembered by all
who may become involved in any con-
troversy with them. During the late
war, there were more suicides of offi-
cers and women than has been sup-
posed by foreigners generally. It is
true, that women were drowned by
their husbands and parents, but very
many females committed voluntary au-
ioide. To vex an opponent, to elude
a debt, or to escape punishment, they
will oAen destroy themselves. One of
my neighbors, quite a young man, poi-
soned himself by Caking opium, merely
because he lost money m gambling,
and to mulct the winner for coffin and
funeral expenses, who, being the in-
direct cause of the deed, was obliged to
defray this charge. As soon as he
was lairly dead, I was sent for, to use
my stomach pump. It is a very com-
mon practice, and I have many long,
bootleas journeys in consequence,— the
patients usually beioff dead before the
messenger is despatched for me. On
two points I am aure to be deceived,
viz.: — the distance to which I shall
have to travel, and the state of my pa-
tient It is always said to be near, and
tbe patient to have life in him. Vil-
lage after village is passed, canals fol-
lowed till the boats stick in the mud,
then come bridges, long, narrow, wind-
ing patha through rice fields; until
strength and patience are exhausted,
long before tiks house is reached. I

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BOW roqttiro them always to provide a
sedan, which lessens the fatigue ; but
my meals and sleep are trespassed
upon without mercy. One of the rem-
edies recommended for poisoning with
opium, is flagellation; which one is
strongly tempted to employ in some
eases with no homeopathic scruple&
Children sometimes alarm their pa-
rents bv threatening, attempting, and
not unfrequently committing suicide,
because something is denied them.
Nothing can be more distressing to
a Chinaman than the bare possibility
of being deprived of his offspring,
who are to sacrifice to his manes.

In dealing with Chinese, they are to
be treated like children, with unflinch*
ing firmness and yet with centle kind-
ness. A carpenter, who had done a
large amount of work for the mission,
failed in his contract in several impor-
tant particulars, and his bill was cor-
respondingly mutilated when put into
ray hands. For several weeks he be-
sieged my house, clamorous for the
whole amount he had claimed. Find-
ing that all his arguments and entreaty
produced no impression, he came one
day and said that, unless he was paid,
and paid at once, he would forthwith
drown himself in the river before my
door. This threat would, perhaps,
have <* squeezed" a part of his de-
mands, if he had made it to a native.
When he was advised to ** hold on a
few weeks until warm weather,'* and
admonished that he might *<take a
cold" in carrying out his threat, he
turned away in tolerably ^od humor,
and has given no trouble smce.

It is not a year since that a painful
circumstance, showing a disregard of
life, came under my notice at the vil-
lage of Mausan in this district,-^there
was a disturbance on account of a pro-
cession in honor of the god of the
earth. The leaders of the ceremony
refused to parade in front of a certain
hamlet, the inhabitants of which had
an undoubted claim to all the benefits
which the idol might strew in its
course. A fight ensued ; one man was
killed ftnd two dangerously wounded,
the idol itself not escaping rude treat-
ment When the circumstances of the
murder came before the mandarins, a
man named Tang presented himself
as the guilty person. He was a poor
field laborer, and knew so little of the
murder that it was not easy to teach
him to act his parL For the sum of
$t2lO, which the guilty parties had sub-
scribed, thia innocent man waa ready



to die. Happily for him, the manda-
rins coveted the money, appropriated
it amongst themselves, and refused to
receive him as a substitute. The mur*
derers, who had lost their money and
were still in danger of losinsr their
heads, were obliged to sell ail they
had, to ruin themselves and their
whole clan, not to satisfy justice, bat
the cupidity of the officers of justice.
it is so common in China for the in-
nocent to suffer for the guilty, that the
doctrine of the atonement is readily
comprehended when stated to the peo- '
pie. The universal venality of the
public officers in this country is owing^
in part, to their salaries being wholly
inadequate to their proper support;
and it is not regarded as heinous by
the emperor, nor disgraceful by the
people, unless carried to excess.

Cure of opium imoken.
Moved by the frequent appeals made
for aid by the victims of this destruc-
tive habit, 1 have been endeavoring for
a long time to devise a course of medi-
cal treatment for their relief. A re-
markable degree of success has at*
tended these efforts, and I am now
able to point to more than fifty person*
formerly addicted to this form of intox-
ication, who are now sober, healthy,
happy men. The reformation of this
unfortunate class is regarded as such a
hopeless work, that a missionary of
very long experience in China writes
me he would never admit to church
membership one who had been ad-
dicted to opium smoking. Could he
see some of my patients, he could not
but alter his opinion as to the possi-
bility of the change. Some of these
have been reformed for nearly two
years. One of them has been an ear-
nest applicant for baptism for nine
months past, and is a diligent reader of
the sacred volume. Those cured form
only about one third of the number
treated. Many applicants turn away
without undergoing any treatment at
all ; instead of some charm, they find
very hard terms imposed for their
cure. One of these is the delivery of
the pipe. 1 have now a box full of
these implements of death, which I
am anxious to send home as curiosi-
ties. For some days the more aggra-
vated cases seemed to be on the
threshold of the grave ; when stimu-
lants, tonics and words of encourage-
ment need to be administered very
freely; the latter may be pushed to
any extent, with stronger language and

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in a louder tone as the patient's strength
ftiis him. A week or so after the
commencement of the treatment, an
improvement takes place, which qui-
nine and good food conduct to health.
The cases possess interest in a medical
point of view, but a general statement
will suffice here. In some cases the
relatives of the opium smoker keep
fiim as a prisoner whilst under treat-
ment, lest he should resort to the pipe
again. The landlord of our chapel
Was cured whilst under domestic du-
ress. He frequently appealed to his
wife and mother ^ just to let him have
a single whiff;" bat they well knew
that a compliance would certainly
procure his discharge from my care,
and he called in vain. One case some-
what similar, of which I had strong
hopes, had nearly weathered the point,
when his children, moved by his en-
treaties, got up at night and gratified
faim, by which he was undone. A
single trial only is allowed, except in
Verv few cases ; and as this is known
to the applicants, they nerve themselves
to the trial as their only chance of es-
cape. There does not appear to be
that hankering after the pipe in the
reformed smoker, which is felt by the
reformed drunkard after his cups. The
resolution and fortitude exhibited by
those cured, are extraordinary, putting
to the blush (if it be practicable,) the
tobacco chewers, some of whom pro-
fess anxiety to be rid of the filthy habit
8ome of my patients have been from
distant provinces. Two brothers, late-

S cured, have importuned me to visit
ang-chau, the celebrated gay capital
of this province. Invitations have been
given by others, but this was most
pressing. In my absence firom town
the other day, a man called who lives
in Ts'zki, and ofiTered to rent a room
on reasonable terms for mission pur-
poses. We have long contemplated
adopting that city as an out-station,
aod the time seems to have arrived to
make the attempt. It is remarkable
for iiB wealth and for the literary char-
acter of its inhabitants ; though beyond
the limits assigned to foreigners, we
visit it without molestation from officers
or people. The Romanists have many
adherents there.

My duties being so various and
onerous, I have found it necessary to
engage, in lie half of the Medical Sfis-
sionary Society, a native physician to
assist me in prescribing. He is con-
stantly at the dispensary, and has had
sufficient instruction to attend to a



)ktge number of the daily applicants
Besides this, he is required to teach a
school, which now contains a dozen
scholars, who spend half their time
studying or committing to memory
Christian books. Some of the lads
are very intelligent, and pnofess to de*
spise idol worship.

Proper miacioii work.
So mnch of this communication has
been taken up with remarks of a pro*
fessional character, that little room is
left for a notice of the most, the aIN
important part of my work, that t6
which the above is subordinate and
sabsidiarv. Did I not practise my pro-
fession, I could not address a quarter
of the number I now do. Besides the
ordinary services of the Sabbath and
the bible class, there is never wanting
opportunity to address a crowd of pa^
tients and bystanders, on the heahn^
and saving truths of God's word. Some
of the applicants for baptism wear
well ; the conduct of others shows that
it is well their requests were deferred.
They often inquire how it is that be-
lievers were baptized by the apostles
so soon after declaring their faith ;
they mighl be told that the apostles
had no Chinamen to deal with. For
the fruit of our labors amongst these
people we wait in hope, a hope which
cannot but be realized if fervent and
unceasing prayer be made for tliat end
to the Lora of the harvest



StAH. — LeUer of Mr. Junes,

Mr. Jooes writes from Bangkok, ander
date of Asg. 8, 1848 ^-^

RMumption of mitiiooary labor— Diimantled
state of tbo miaaioo — Civil commotiona.

It will be no oaatter of surprise to
you that, after an absence of two and
a half years from home, and a return
under circumstances widely dififerent
from those in which I left Bangkok,
there would be many arrangements to
be made which would require much
time. Br. Jencks was gone ; br. God-
dard and family) enfeebled and worn
down, were to be despatched in search
of health, — the hot season just com-
mencing, many calls were to be made
and received, — the distribution of books
and conversation with visiters falling en-
tirely on me, — correspondences renew-
ed, &C., &C. Soon troubles rose in the
country, from the rebellion of the Chi-
nese oQ the west These were scarce*

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ly eetded wbeo a more serious disturb-

SDce arose at the east, which resulted
in the destruction, it is said, of many
thousand Chinese, and the plunder
and confiscation of their property. As
another result, the Chinese who were
not concerned in these transactions
are compelled to suffer all manner of
indignities from evil-disposed Siamese,
and an appeal to the officers of govern-
ment holds out to them only the pros-
pect of further fleecing. Then a ru-
mor spread that an English frigate
and war steamer were on their way
to visit Siam: this threw the whole
city into agitation for a week or ten
days; military preparations of every
kind were goins on ; for the Siamese
were determined that no English gov-
ernment vessel should come up their
river. As the vessels did not come,
the people gradually settled into a
calm.

Contecration of a wat — Ido) offeringi not
** without coat."

Another aflfkir, which has been con-
sidered of great importance, was the
consecration of a wat, on which, or
rather on the repairs and beautifying
of which, the royal treasures have been
most lavishly expended for the last
fiAeen years. However extravagant
it may seem, it is, in my opinion, un-
questionably true, that more than twice
as much wealth has been expended on
it as upon Girard's College ! The ma-
terials have been costly, and from 2,000
to 5,000 men almost constantly em-
ployed for fifteen years. But at the
consecration extraordinary sums were
lavished, — many thousand pieces of
silk and crape were given to the priests ;
fireworks of unspared expense were
prepared; all manner of ornaments
manufactured from cloth and paper,
gilt and painted, were furnished ; men
collected from all the provinces, and
every nobleman, vrith all his retinue of
almost countless servants, were kept in
attendance for seven days ; and it was
rumored that the king designed to
empty his treasury in largesses on the
occasion. This was unquestionably
not done ; but it is certain that an im-
mense amount of gold and silver coins
were disbursed among the people. It
was generally inserted in oranges,
limes and other fruits, and then tossed,
not un frequently by the king's own
band, about into the crowds of myriads ;
and it is reported that several lost their
lives, being crushed to death in the
scramble for the kinj^s ^fts,



PrintiDg operation*— Traet diitribation.

These commotions rendered it in»-
possible to procure men to work with
any degree of regularity in our print-
ing and foundry departments. For
two or three months, therefore, every
thing dragged. Those parts of the
New Testament which were printed
off, before 1 lefl here in 1845, were
nearly all distributed. We had no
tracts of any consequence. We de-
signed, and the mission voted, to print
a new edition of the New Testament
at once ; but the facts above stated de-
layed the commencement of the work
for several weeks; when, considering
that an edition of 3,000 copies of Mat-
thew and Mark, separately, bad just
been put in circulation, it seemed very
desirable to have something of Old
Testament history to render those in*
telligible. We, therefore, concluded to
commence a new edition of Old Tes-
tament Biography. This was accord-
ingly done ; and an extra edition of
Joseph and Moses, 2,000 copies, has
been struck off, and we are now dis-
tributing them. The whole work will
be in two parts. The first part, to
David, is nearly completed ; and then
we design to leave the second part till
we have printed the third edition of
Acts, as we very much need some au-
thentic history of the early propagation
of Christianity. The Old Testament
Biography completed, we shall have
published 23,000 copies of Joseph and
Moses. Mr. Chandler has also pub-
lished three or four numbers of a
series of very small tracts under the
title of " Moral and Religious Stories."
As we have not a sufiicient variety of
books of our own for judicious distri-
bution, we have borrowed many from
our brethren of the other mission, to
repay page for page. 1 have also pre*
pared a new tract on the credibility
and claims of Christianity. Of this,
more hereafter.

Daily a vocational-Candid atea for baptiam^
Holpera fail.

Revising, examining proofs and book
distribution, with the frequent conver-
sations and discussions in which I am
engaged, occupy most of my time.
Daily worship conducted by me is
generally attended by about twenty
persons, large and small ; Sunday wor-
ship, by twenty-five to forty. Mr.
Chandler also conducts daily Siamese
worship in his family. The Chinese
church and assistants, in the absence
of dear br. Goddard, claim some of



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my time and attention. Bfiss Morse's
atientioo is mostly engrossed in study-
ing the languoge. Mrs. Jones, with all
her native elasticity, is engaged in
teaching a school of eight or ten boys,
fh>m 9 to 3 o'clock, and two or three
young men in the evening. Her health
has been excellent I have had no se-
rious-illness, hut begin to find my
▼Igor failing. In one or two instances,
when I have gone out upon other busi-
ness, I have taken tracts with me, but
have not l)een out at al^'fbr that spe-
cific purpose. We can distribute faster
than we can print, at our own houses ;
and here we have better opportunities
Ibr conversation.

The general readiness to read and
converse on our religion, is greater
than I have ever before known. One
old man, a Peguan, who has been in
Che employ of Mr. Chandler a good
deal for the last three years, gives
us very good- reason to hope that the
truth has made a permanent lodgment
in his heart ; and we hope, at no distant
day, to add him to the church by bap-
tism. Uongkit, the Chinese assistant,
who leads the services in Chinese dur-
ing br. Goddard's absence, conducting
daily worship, and preaching regularly
on Sunday, and making daily excur-
sions about the city, reports two more
Chinese as recipients of the faith, and
anxious to join themselves to the peo-
ple of God. As we hope br. G. may
return soon, we have thought best to
defer receiving tliem for a time. Chek
Suan, who has been employed to give
what instruction he coukl at ftin-
cbing, reports also two men of whom
he has great hope that they have pass-
ed from death unto life.

The small coritpany of disciples at
Leng-kia-chu, so nr as ] can learn, re-
main steadfast ; but who shall visit and
regulate and thoroughly instruct at
fi&n-ching, Leng-kia-chu and Maha-
cbai? The teacher here does very
well ; but he feels and we feel that
some one should instruct him in the
way of God "more perfectly," But
who can do it? He knows only
enough Siamese for the commouest
occasions ; and we have no interpre-
ters on whom we can rely ; and could
we rely on any, where should we find
the time and strength for it ? We do
not feel diacouragtd; but our hearts
are oppretaetL Jeucks gone ; Goddard
gone ; our prospects of two or three
new missionaries cut down to one, and
our past experience teaching doubt in
regaWl to even one ; the door opening



wider every day,^the certainty before
us that skepticism in regard to Budh-
ism is rapidly spreading, and that, if
ptire Christianity dues not succeed,
dark and gloomy godlessnessand blind
reason must, with hopeless and end-
less ruin in the train, how can we feel
otherwise than heafl heavy 9 Dear
brethren, what shall be done ! Ye
whose hearts are light with hopes
which the gospel inspires, tell us, what
shall be done! Place yourselves, as
far as you can, in our circumstances,
and then ask. What would the Savior
have his people do ?



Extract from a Letter of Mr, GoddartL

Enproved health of Mr. Goddard^PropoMd
voyage to bhanghaL

The friends of Mr. Goddard, and of
misiwns, will nnite with Oi in thanks
to the Lord of miMions for bis mercifal
interposition on behalf of oar beloved
brother, in restoring him vnexpeetedly to
comparative boaltb. Mr. G. writes from
Singapore, Ang. 21.

1 thank you for your sympathy in
my case ; but the prospect is that your
fears will not be realized. My health
seems to be gradually becoming con-
firmed, and I think now there is as
much prospect of the continuance of
my life and health as ever. I have, for
a few Sabbaths past, conducted short
worship in Chinese, and I think the
weakness about my lunes is gradually
diminishing.' 1 think the mild, even
climate of this place has been better
for me thus far than that of China, —
the summer heat here is much less
than that in China. But I have now
come to that state in which a cold,
bracing climate will probably be useful
and safe to me. Mrs. Goddard continues
to suffer very much from disease, which
seems to have become much deeper
seated and more obstinate than 1 had
supposed. The doctor who noto at-
tends her, and who is one of the most
skilful in the east, is quite confident
that he can cure her disease, though it
will take some time. He has given
her medicine, but he says *<cold" is
the spedfc in her case, and that she
can scarcely expect a permanent cure
without bracing cold. We have, there-
fore, made arrangements, and expect
to sail to-morrow direct for Shanghai
in the Belgian Urk ^^ReubSens.^ The

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Toyage it expected to occupy three or

four weeks.

I hope our stay at Shanghai (the seat
of translating Committees,) will not be
without its use. There are now there
the best Chinese scholars, and the best
means for my improvement or prepa-
ration, or for going on with the work.
1 hope to see the Baptist missionaries
at Ningpo, both American and English ;
and perhaps br. Dean will be up Uiere.
In these circumstances, I hope some-
thing may be done towards settling
difficult questions and coming to a
united opinion on several important
subjects, and thus towards the prepa-
ration of a version for the American
and Foreign Bible Society. 1 think
the hand of the iiord is plainly leading
us in the way in which we are now
going. It is not the way we set our
hearts upon, which was to return to
Siam by or before thia time ) but that
way is ahvt up^ clearly, and this way is
open. An opportunity for Shanghai at
tnis time was not to be expected ; but
one has opened, and we have been led
and inclined to walk in it. I am get-
ting to be more and more a believer in
the special providence of God, and in-
fluences of the Holv Spiiit, which guide
the people of God step by step in the
path of duty. And this belief is one of
our greatest consolations in our wan-
derings.

Our present exi)ectat]on is to return
to Siam early next summer. We do
not make any arrangements, or form
any plans, which involve a continued
separation from that mission in its
present state. But the Lord will direct.



Bhawanoes. — LeUer qf Mr. Barker.

Death of Ealammatahkah and Cheaickah.
Mr. Barker writes Nov. 18 :-—

We have to record judgments as
well as mercies at the hand of the
Lord. Very varied are the scenes
through which we have lately passed.
On the first inst we followed to the
ffrave our venerable br. Ealammatah-
(ah (Blackfeather). He has been justly
denominated the successor of the cele-
brated Tecumseh; and was the first
amoug the Shawanoes I bad the privi-
lege of leading into the baptismal
waters, about eight years ago. Since
that time there has been a marked
change in his moral deportment ; hav-
ing been, among other things^ thor-



ongbly conterted (tcm his former hab*

its of intemperance. It is believed
that he has not even tasted ardent
spirits, since his espousal of the Chris-
tian faith. He has struggled manfully
against his easily besetting sins. This
can be described by reference to his
own very expressive and figurative
language. Speaking some time ago of
the difficulty he had of understanding
me in the language I used, he said
with a smile, ^' I have formerly learned
the grocery Umgvagt wiiy^ wishing, by
the reference, to contrast his former
life with the purity the gospel requires
He was triumphant in his death.
There seemed to beam upon his bright-
ened vision the glories of the upper
world. He spoke, in his last hours, of
the great assurance he felt of the truth
of the doctrines he had embraced ; and
continued reconunending them, ex-
horting, entreating and encouraging, to
the last As wearied nature would
again revive a little, after a period of



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