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ch., for the Aaaam Mia-
aion, SOfiO, 80,00



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312



Donaiioni.



do., Ut ch.y Fem. Mist.
Soc., Mary Hallman tr ,
for sup. of Ann Rhees
in Nowgong Orphan In-
slitutioii, 25,00 J Mrs.
E. D. Reed, for sup. of
a native Karen preach-
er under direciion of
Rev.J.H.Vinton.40,00, 63,00

do., Broad Si. ch., " Fem.
Board of Collectors,"
1272,«)} Sab. Sch. Miss.
Soc.y for sup. of a na-
tive Karen preacher,
60,00 ; to coos. James
Wiley, Mrs. Elizabeth
Moore and Mrs. Marga-
ret Beai L. M.j JSew
Market St. ch , Joseph
Walton tr, to cons.
Reuben Jannon L. Al.,
100,00} per Rev. G. S.
Webb, agent, 43:2,20

^ , 677,20

Balliffomingo, ch., mon. con.,
per Rev. G. S. Webb, agent, 18,60

Eaton, cb. and cong 5,45; Mon-
roe, ch. and cong. 1 ,55, 7,00

Collections by Kev. F. Kidder,
per Rev. J. Stevens, agent, - 213,80

Kentucky.
Louisville, a few friends, towards
sup. of Myat Kyau,

Ohio.

Cesar's Creek Asso,, viz.— Ce-
sar's Greek, ch. 6,00 j Jonas
Run, ch. 7,85; Sugar Creek,
ch. 20,00; Wilmington, C.
-Harris 75c.,

Coibocton Asso., viz.— Hope-
well, ch. 75c.; Mohawk, ch.
6,00 ; Toraica, ch. 7,77 ; 'Mill-
fork, ch. 12,65; White Eyes,
ch.75c.; Butler to., ch. 2,02 ,
Jefferson, ch. 3,05; Evans
Creek, ch. 60c. ; Roscoe, J.
Carhart3,00 ; friends in Keene
8,75 ; Carlisle, ch. 2,25 ; Wolf
Creek, ch. 3,42; Mount Holly
1^; cash 9c.; Uniontown,
ch. 13^,

Grand River Asso., viz.— AshU-
bula, ch. 9,56 ; Conneaul, ch.
4,11; Geneva, Rev. J. Elliot
60c. ; Madison, ch. 9,09,

Huron Asso., viz.— Berlin, ch.
20,00 V Fairfield, ch. 10,00 ;
Hipley, ch. 2,00; Bellevue,
ch: 6,59 ; Sab. school 80c. ;
Peru, ch. 6,25 ; New Haven,
Edwin M. and Lucy R. Kelly

Lorain Asso., viz. -Henrietta,
ch. 9,00; Sab. school 3,3o ;
Jackson, ch. 3,25,

Mad River Asso., viz.— Mrs. E.
Jackson 6,00; Spring Creek,
ch. I,W; Urbana,ch IW.,

Meizs Creek Asso., viz. — Mc
Connelsville, ch. 16,00; Sab.
school 9,50; Little Musking-
ham, ch. 15,00; cash 2,12;
Zanesville, Istch. 90,88 : Dun-
can's Falls, ch. 5,00 ; Brook-
field, ch. 24,00 ; Windsor, ch.



816,60



40,00



34,60



64,63
23,26

41,9 i
15.60
7.00



4,60; Newport, ch. 28|00 5,^^^

Rozbury,ch. 1,50, . 196,60

Miami Asso., viz. — Cincinnati,

Mr. Munson 3,00; V. M. B.

M. S. 40,00; do., 9th St. cb.,

(of which 5100, by J. Smith,

is to cons. Mrs. Ann B. Mor-
gan L. M., and 5 100 to cons.

Geonre L. Hanks L. M.,)

671,49; Sab. school 89 ,4^;

Bur. Fem. £d. Soc, for sup.

of Mrs. Moore's school, and

to cons. Rev. Wm. Moore

L. M., 157/)0; do.. 5th ch.

11,50; Sab. school 15/)0; do.,

Walnut St. ch., to cons. J. C.

Reed L. M., 130.37; Sab. sch.

20.35; do., Ist ch. 44,52 ; Sab.

school 37,00, to cons. C. Hub-
bell L. M. ; Dayton, 1st ch.

31,27; Sab. sch. 5,73; Wayne

St. ch. 4,00 ; Lebanon, ch.

42,00; Sab. sch. 8,00; Lock-
land, ch. 12,00; Muddy Creek.

ch. 4,80; Franklin, ch., (of

which ^20 for education of a

Karen youth named John But-
ler,) 56.00; Hamilton, Sab.

sch. 7.00, 1390,46

Mount Vernon Asso., viz.— Owl

Creek, ch. 17,00 ; Homer, ch.

8.48 ; Mount Vernon, ch.

36.65 5 Martinsburff. ch . 6,90, 68,03
Ohio Asso., viz. — Centerville,

Bethlehem, ch. 9,00

Portage Asso., viz. — ^Cash 8,00;

Streetsboro', ch. 16.00 ; Gar-

rettsville, ch. 12,00 ; Bedford,

ch. 4.09 ; Brimfield, Mrs. Burt

1.00 ; Akron, L. Austin 40,00, 75,09
Rocky River Asso., viz. — Dover,

ch. 15,11; Granger, Wm.

Ganyard 1,00; Weslfield, ch.

2,60 ; Seville, ch. 2,75, 21,46

Wills Creek Asso., viz. — Salt

Creek, ch. 5,25 ; Concord, ch.

5.00 ; Pleasant Valley, ch. 5.25;

White Eyes Plains, ch. 7,75;

Adamsville,ch. 27,41, 60,66

Mt. Vernon; anniversary colls. 30,07
Ohio Bap. For. Miss. Soc, J. B.

Whcaton tr, 202,04

Maumee Asso , cash 8,34

per Rev. J. Stevens, agent, ^22il,78

Indiana.

Franklin College, mon. con.,

17,50; Pendleton, ch. 2.00=

19.50, — less 28c. discount on

draft, 19,22

Indianapolis, ch., per Rev. J.

Stevens, agent, 20,00

39,22

Illinois.
"Christians of various denomi-
nations and friends to Chris-
tian civilization, in Albion,
W»rdborou(;h and vicinity,
Wm. Hall tr.,"

India. '

Nellore, Rev. Lyman Jewett,



37,75



50,00
£4893,26
Total from April 1 to June 30, 514,797,25.

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THB



BAPTIST MISSIONARY MAGAZINE.



VOL. XXIX. SEPTEMBER, J849. NO. 9.



THE METHOD OP THB DIVINE GOVERNMENT.

The Metbo4 of the Divine Government is deliberate and gradual. In the
employmeDt of instrumentalities of doing good, God oAen uses a series of instru*
mentaiities, all tending to the same result; each pre|>aring the way more and
more, till, in the last, the consummation is effected. Hence our not seeing
immediate fruits springing from our endeavors ought in no case to discourage
usy or prevent our continued exertions.

Jt may then be asked, iu the way of objection, — Ought we to be satisfied
with our unsuccessful labors? We answer, though the want of success is not
to discourage us, it should lead us to great anxiety and self-distrust. Is it divine
truth that we have uttered, and not some covert form of error? Have we cher-
ished a right spirit ? Have we been under the influence of the truth ourselves?
Have we prayed as we ough( for its prosperity ? Have we not set man forward
and Christ in the back-ground, instead of making Christ and htm crucified all and
iu all ? Have we given as freely as we ought, as stewards of our divine Master ?
Thus the want of success ought to lead us to self-scrutiny. It ought to conduct
us to the question, is not the absence of success a fruit of some deficiency in
ourselves ? We ought to be dissatisfied with ourselves, that we are not more
efficient pleaders for God, and more fiiithful laborers in his cause, — more prayer-
ful, more philanthropic, more liberal, more holy. But, if no deficiency of th»
sort is to be discovered, we should still iabor in hope and faith, remembering
that ^ in due season we shall reap if we faint not"

Again, an objector, claiming the necessity of immediate results, may say,
drawing his illustration from material things, that a cause must produce an imme-
diate efi^t, or it is powerless. But this is not a parallel case. Physical opera-
tions are not the rule of spiritual ones. Human mechanics are not the r\ile or
pattern of the operations of the Holy Spirit. The impression of matter upon
matter is iu all respects difiTerent from the intercourse of mind with mind.
And illustrations drawn from the one are not applicable to the other, if any
physical illustrations are in place, they are only those which are drawn from
God*s works in nature as compared with the gracious work of his Spirit.
And heie, we are confident, our theory is confirmed.

Many reasons can be conceived why God chooses to employ often a aeries of
instrumentalities, and a deliberate method in efifecting good.

VOL. XXIX. 40 C^r^r^n]o

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314 The Method of the Divine Gavemmeni, * [Ssft.

1. By this plan, the glory of any good, being not distinctly traceable to any
human instrumentality, is the Lord's. Such is our corrupt nature, so easily is
the tinder of our pride lundled, so ready are we to bless ourselves for the bless-
ings diffused by our agency, that it is necessary, even if it were not otherwise
for the best, for God to check the spirit of self-praise by withholding the occa-
sion of it. If a sinner were snatched by our single hand, as a brand from the
burning, if no agency but our own were concerned under God in so benign a
work, how natural it is that we should sacrifice to our own net, and burn in-
cense to our own drag, saying, " My power, and my hand hath done it." But
under the present arrangement, God prevents such a result. By employing a
series of agencies, operating often at distant intervals, he hides pride from man.
First, a truth is lodged in the infantile heart by parental instruction ; knowledge
opens imperceptibly upon the understiinding by reading and hearing through
our whole childhood and youth ; an awakening providence, or a serious address
from time to time leads to religious thoughts ; the heart often hardened by sin
is often soflened again by new views of obligation, new acts of divine goodness,
or new communications of spiritual truth. Here a warning from the pulpit,
there an affectionate entreaty from a Sabbath school teacher, and afterwards
solemn reflections suggested now by this servant of God, and now by another,
fulling upon {he heart not wholly unprepared for such influences, unite to bring
the sinner, through grace, to t}:e feet of Christ. The hand that wielded tbe
earliest agency in the conversion of a sinner may have long been still in death,
and the voice by which the hean was first softened may have broken forth io
the anthem of the glorified, before the last effective blow shall have been struck,
and the instrumentality set in motion by which the sinner is saved : as the
genial warmth, and soft airs, and the rains of spring, which enticed the sap to its
ancient channels and projected the first tender leaf, are perished, long before the
last summer day has matured the rich cluster upon the vine. In giving an
account of the history of their conversion, men often tell 'what first awakened
their attention, by whose ministry they were brought to Christ, under what influ-
ence they were led to cherish hope in the Savior. Often there are such appa-
rent instrumentalities. These are, to the individuals concerned, the visible
means and agents of their conversion ; and as such they do well to cherish them
in everiasting and grateful remembrance. But these are not the only agencies
employed. And he who ascribes to them all praise, or who blesses himself as
if he were the only honored instrumentality of planting another jewel in tbe
Redeemer's diadem, mistakes wholly the method of the divine' procedure. It is
like the mistake of him who should assert that all the water of the Mississippi,
which goes on swelling and widening as it nishes to the sea, came from tbe
small lake at its source, or from the last rill that flows into it — without regarding
the tributary floods, pouring into it both from the east and the west, from its
source to its outlet. It is as if one should ascribe the harvest that fills his house
with food and his barns with plenty, to the last day of autumnal sunshine, that
completed the maturity of his crops, and not to the dew, and rain, and beat, and
the perpetual influences, that came imperceptibly day and night upon the earth, till
it brought forth, ^^ first the blade, then the ear, then the full corn in the ear." ]f I
baptize and welcome to the church a man in the strength of his yeain, who is
counted a convert through my ministry, shall I arrogate praise to myself, as if no
other hand had shared in his conversion ? No, ** other men labored, and I en-
tered into their labors." The means of hi9 conversion are to be sought in the
servants of God who have preached to him, in the books he has read, in the truths



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1849.] ne MtOiod ^ Ike Divim Gwemnmi. 815

be baa learned, in the providenoea be baa witneaaed or experienced, in the in-
atructiona of bia cbildhood, in the first hymn that be lisped in the nursery.
Sermon after sermon, and truth after truth have done each ita own work in
fepaect to him. One minister of Christ has poured in upon him his little tide
of spiritual and awakening influence, and another has come, and been the meana
of deepening the impression produced by the former, till the last drop has made
the cup overflow ; the last rill baa swelled the tide so that it has broken through
the remaining obetaclea, and forced ita way to the sea. But who of all these agents
and influences shall vaunt himself, as if the work were bis ? Who shall bid the
rest retire, as of inferior consequence, while he claims the praise of the result ?
Will not each, in a spirit of humility and self-renunciation, ascribe the work to
others as much aa to himaelf, and all to God, aaying, '< Not unto us, not unto us,
but to thy name be the glory. Other men labored and I entered into their
labors." Thus it is that in heaven, all glory will be ascribed ^ to Him that sitteth
• on the throne and to the Lamb." Christianized empires Cnay trace their conversion
back to the hallowing influence of the first church— the first church to the labora
of the earlieat miaaionary, the earliest missionary to the paator of his youth, to
the entreaties of his Sabbath school teacher, to the example of the pious, to the
instructions of his infancy, to the numberleas influences which flowed upon him
till he took his station in a heathen land, and became the spiritual father of con-
verted thousands. ^ He that planteth and He that watereth are one." One may
be further back from the result in the series of saving influences than another.
But how honored are they who are permitted to share in the good work of
saving souls !

2. God proceeds in the method we have described, that the temporary appa-
i«nt inutility of the hibors of his people may not lead them to discouragement
Many apiritual labora seem for a season to be without good results. How many
sermons are preached to ainnera, without producing the converaion of sinnera.
How many are preached to awaken the church, to ravive ita membera, to lead
them to the cultivation of fervent piety, without either awakening them or reviv-
ing them, or leading them to any higher degree of holy living. How many
instructiona are given by paranta and Sabbath acbool teachere, which are imme-
diately lost, to all appearance. The breath of the world breathea over them, and
they vanish. Temptation resists their influence. Memory seems, treacheroua
to her tnist, to forget them, and like water in a aieve, we go to seek them, but
they are no where to be (bund. If all the good wrought by such efforts were ne-
cessarily immediate, bo waoon would discouragement overapread the church, and
neither sermon nor exhortation, instruction, nor entreaty, nor prayer would any
more be heard. But we do not know, according to the principles here advo-
cated, that our eflbfts are useless. They may be useful in difierent degrees. If
they are not random eflbrts, as a Christian's efforts ought never to be, though
they may not be aeen exerting their effect at once, they may exert a preparatory
influence, opening the way for tides of blessing that shall live through eternity.
We cannot see far enough to estimate the utility of our efforts. We can look
but a little ways forward in time. We ought to look through eternity, for that
is the harvest : there are the results. Tiie farmer performs his well-directed
labors, and then waits upon God for the rest. It is not time for him to be dis-
couraged and to say be has planted in vuiti, till he has waited much beyond the
ordinary time, and found that his good seed properly sown in good ground will
not spring up. If he should give over his efforts at midsummer, because be
was not permitted to reap the day after he had sowed, would you think him a



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8ie The MM»d of ike DMne GwfemmmL [Sirt.



wiee man ? Sboald |be BierelMmt sit down in detpair becaiwe one of bis }
is delayed for a day or two, — tbough not beyond what is Icnown often to occur—
when she may be ploughing her prosperous way throvgb the deep, freighted
with the richest cargo ? And should the Christian despair of the success of his
efforts, when he has only sown a litde seed, and infinite ages remain in wfaieh
the glorious harvest may wave in the airs of heaven, and the glad song of the
reaper may go up among the acelamationa to €lod and the Lamb? Let the
mother go back to her infant charge, the teacher to his classy the minister to his
pulpit, the private Christian to the work of private exhortatraa and prayer^— if
any of them have yielded toTliscouragement, — to sow seeds that shall spring in
time, and blossom in immortality. Wait till God's great work is finished ; till
all the preparatcry steps have issued in the achievement of the ends proposed,
till all the sown seed has germinated, till all the efforts that are to be blessed
shall have been blessed to their fullest limit, till all the prayers that are to be
answered shall have been answered — before you say, ^ I have labored in vain
and spent my strength for nought"

3. Another reason for God's method of employing a series of instrumentalities
to effect a given end, is that bis servants may rejoice at last in their mutual toils
and successes. How short a time is it, and we who now contemplate these
things in time, shall contempbte them with clearer light and stronger vision in
eternity. And one of the moat gratifying views of the Christian's history to be
contemplated there, will be the various instrumentalities by which every one
was brought to Christ. A prayer here, a Scripture there, here a hymn, there an
exhortation, there a single impressive word, or a solemn providence, these were
among the preparatory influences which brought the sinner to God's bouse, to
the throne of grace, to the penitent's humility, and finally lo the saint's glory.
When we trace the agencies by which heaven has been made ours, how many
lost links of influence will be restored to our memory, and how many justified
spirits, among the agencies of our salvation, shall we embrace in glory with
grateful hearts. When the aged and venerable minister of Christ, who had
wept over his hearers, and, dying, left them in their sins, meets his younger suc-
cessors, through whom they were finally converted — how he that sowed and he
that reaped will rejoice together. When the successive ministers of a people,
each entering into the fruit of the labors of all that went before him, shall meet
at the judgment — and each inquire where is this man or woman, or that child
over whom 1 so long watched and prayed, — if he finds them safe on the right
hand, how they will rejoice in their mutual endeavors, and their mutual suc-
cesses. When parents, teachers and pastors see the fruit of their labors in the
souls of those on whom all exerted their quota of influence now safe in heaven,
how will each, nobly renouncing all exclusive claim to the honor of their salva-
tion, join with all the rest in bearing the precious treasure to ChriHt, and saying.
Here Lord, am I, and the children whom thou hast given me. '* Not unto us,
not unto us, but to thy name be the glory."

These principles have the highest applicability to the missionary enterprise,
both domestic and foreign. In this restless age of the world, when men are
filled perpetually with new schemes of aggrandizement and success, multitudes
are migrating from the place of their birth to distant homes. The great west is
the asylum of the oppressed and the hungry, who have fled from European tyr-
anny and want. It is also the chosen dwelling of many of our own sons and
daughters. They have left their New England or their Atlantic homes for an
abode in that hive of the nations. The seeds of divine truth were sowed in their



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1849.] Tki Mdhod •fthi DMm G^mtmenL 317

UHiidt, when we sat by tbeir cradles and dandled tbem on onr knees ; when we
took them with ns to the sanctuary, or entrusted them to the benign influences
of the Sabbath school. In many instances they have left us, preserved indeed
in virtue, and honoring by their uprightness and intelligence the land which
gave them birth ; but without the saving hopes of the gospel. They have gone
to regions where men think independently^ and reason in that spirit of self-reli-
ance which often leads astray like the meteor, and plunges men into destruction
and perdition. Are then those seeds of spiritual truth buried too* deeply to
germinate ? Will they be lost to the world ? Is the soil faithless to which they
were committed ? No, by no means. God has taken them into his own keep*
ing. He, wkhout whom not a sparrow falls to the ground, will not suffer tbem
to l>e wasted. ** The precious grain can ne'er be lost." They will be nursed
into life by God's Holy Spirit, attending the labors of some domestic missionary ;
and the appeals of the Christian minister, heard in a land where there is a fam-
ine of the word, will be clothed with tenfold power. They will be stirred into
activity and energy by the very force of contrast They will be stimulated by
conscience. Thoughts long since forgotten will come back upon the memory,
from whose tablets they seemed to have been obliterated ; and the saving truths
of the gospel, after having lain dormant for years and years of worldliness, may
spring and grow. The seed planted years ago with prayer and watered with
tears may bring fbrth a luxuriant harvest, that shall wave in golden profusion
on the mountains and plains of the Western Valley. The gracious impressions
committed to the hearts of our children and to the care of God here along the
Atlantic slope, may wake an anthem of praise to the sacred Trinity, which, after
we are sleeping in the dust, shall break along the opposite shores of our conti-
nent, and be echoed by the waves of the Pacific. The chords which we are
now tuning may long years hence begin to sound in the extending territories of
this country. And after their sweet vibrations have rebounded hither and thither,
waking other souls to the same harmony, the melodious accents may be wafted
upward, with the justified spirits of those who utter them, to swell our own
heavenly hallelujahs. The parent who teaches his lisping child the truths of a
Christian catechism, — the Sabbath school teacher, who instils lessons of religion
into the hearts of his infant charge, — the rich who gives as the Lord has pros-
pered him, and the poor who casts his mite into the treasury, and even the man
or the woman of a single talent who uses that talent for the divine Master, shall
have a hand in moulding distant generations, in swaying the future destinies of
America, and in converting the world. We live not for the present only, but
for all time. Such is God's government, that our actions are not for this age
alone, but for all ages and for eternity. And, courage to the desponding
laborer !~the time is coming when *^ he that soweth and he that reapeth shall
rejoice together."

We live in a wide-spread country and in an age of benevolent effort The
field is the world ; and it is possible for us in an eminent manner to cast abroad
seed which shall hereafter spring up and wave in distant regions with a luxuri-
ant harvest, either for the blessing or the woe of those to whom our Influence
may extend. Human eflforts are not circumscribed in the narrow limits which
used to bound them. Even obscure persons, moving in the most quiet walks
of life, have it in their power to put in train influences which shall be felt in a
hundred villages, and thousands of miles away from the places where they are
known. The prayers which we offer here may be answered on a remote part
of the^ globe. The benefaction which we give, out of the property which God



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818 Enluiing the Young in the Misriananf Cenue. [Sept.

has entrusted to us as stewards, may be as seed sown broadcast on a windy
day; — falling, we know not where; — but wafted on the wings of the breeze,
and springing up, some in our own homes, some in neighboring towns, some in
the Western Valley, and some among the dark and distant idolaters.

If there is force in these tboughu, as pertaining to the home-field of Christian
enterprise, they are specially applicable to the cause of foreign missions.

It has so occurred, in divine providence, that but few missionaries among
the heathen have seen any considerable portion of the fruit springing from their
labors. Early worn out by excessive toils in exhausting and unhealthy climes,
most of them leave their work in the midst The seed is sown ; but neither are
the growing plants of grace nurtured by them, nor, much less, is the harvest
gathered. The records of mortality among foreign missionaries exhibit a ssd
table of statistics. How few live to advanced age ! How few live to see any
thing like the proper results of their efforts! Most of them are occupied with
preparatory work ; and before the preparation even is completed, they are called
a^ay. Though they may be richly furnished for their sphere, God who is infi*
nite in resources shows that he> can do without them. God, the sovereign, who
will not give his glory to another, sets aside now this instrument, and now that;
and by succcessive servants of his accomplishes his merciful purposes.



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