Massachusetts. State Board of Agriculture.

Annual report of the Secretary of the Board of Agriculture online

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$2 04


$163


$2 16



History of Cows {Orades).



NAMK.


Breed.


1

1


Last Calf dropped.


1^4




Cora, .
Pearl,
Buttercup, .
Lucy, .
Clarissa, .


Grade Jersey, .
Native, .
Grade Ayrshire,
Grade Ayrshire,
Grade Durham,


7
6
5
5

7


April 16,1891,
Aug. 8, 1890,
Jan. 2. 1891,
June 2, 1891,
March 14, 1891,


11-12
8-9
8-9

12-13
9-10


3
8
3
3
3



Yield of Milk during Different Feeding Periods (Quarts).





Cora.


PearL


Battercap.


Lacy.


ClarlMa.


Period I., . . .
Period n., . . .
Period III., .
Period IV., .
Period v., . . .


11.29
11.34
11.24
11.67
10.70


8.11
8.70
8.63
8.95
8.92


8.34
8.73
8.76
8.85
8.64


12.26
12.78
12.85
13.26
12.01


9.49

9.31

10.37

10.99

9.98


Average, .


11.23


8.66


8.66


12.63


10.03



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1892.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 33. 63

Conclusions. — The results of the past season obtained in
this connection are very encouraging, as will be seen from
the subsequent brief abstract when compared with those
noticed in preceding years.

1. The yield of milk is well maintained duriiig the entire
experiment of three months. The average daily yield of
milk of the various cows for the entire experiment is in four
out of five cases larger than their yield at the beginning of
the observation; in the fifth case there is practically no
change (Cora). The largest average yield of milk was
noticed, without any exception as to a particular cow, in
case of soja bean as green fodder and diied brewers' grain
as ingredient of the daily grain feed ration (fourth feeding
period) . Green fodder corn leads in three out of five cases
the green vetch and oats when fed with dried brewers' grain.

2. The amount of dry vegetable matter consumed per
quart of milk produced varies in case of difierent cows from
1.77 pounds (Cora) to 3.33 pounds (Pearl). The amount
consumed in case of the same cows varies in different feed-
ing periods from 1.77 to 2.25 pounds (Cora) and from 2.44
to 3.17 pounds (Buttercup).

3. The total cost of feed consumed per quart of milk
produced differs in case of different animals for the same
feeding period from 1.69 to 2.30 cents (Lucy and Pearl,
fifth feeding period) ; as far as different feeding periods are
concerned it varies in one case from 1.69 to 2.30 cents
(Lucy) and in another case from 2.24 to 2.91 cents (Clarissa) .

4. The net cost of feed per quart of milk produced varies
from 1.01 to 1.43 cents for the same feeding period in case
of different animals (Lucy and Pearl, second feeding period) .

5. The obtainable manurial value amounts on an average
to three-sevenths of the market cost of the feed consumed.
The green vetch and oats leads in this connection.

6. The quality of the milk is in every instance improved
in the percentage of solids during the experiment without
showing any perceptible decrease in yield. Individuality
of the animal and stage of lactation affect the results to a
controlling extent.

7. Brewers' grain has served as an excellent substitute
for wheat bran in our diet for milch cows.



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July 24 to Aug. 2, .
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Aug. 21 to Sept 3, .
Sept 7 to Sept 26, .



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66 AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION. [Jan.



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243.00


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50.00
60.00
70.00
100.00


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48.00
30.00
36.00
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180.70
113.30
134.88
161.98
214.19


FEEDING PERIODS.


1891.

July 6 to July 21,
July 24 to Aug. 2,
Aug. 6 to Aug. 17.
Aug. 21 to Sept. 3,
Sept. 7 to Sept. 26,



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1892.]



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 33.



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68 AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION. [Jan.
Net Cost op Milk and Makurial Value of Feed.



FEEDING PEBI0D8.



IMl.

July 6 to July 21,
July 24 to Aug. 2,
Aug. 6 to Aug. 17,
Aug. 21 to Sept. 3,
Sept. 7 to Sept. 26,

Total,



2



t8 44
1 92
8 09
8 55
4 12



$16 12



11^



f 1 78

98

1 39

1 62

2 00



•7 72






II 42

74

1 11
1 30
1 60



(6 17



II



t2 02
1 18

1 98

2 25
2 52



$9 95



Oenta.
1.12
1.04
1.47
1.89
1.18






Foandi.

1,080
1,055
1,015
1,082
1,020



Pearl



July 6 to July 18, .
July 24 to Aug. 2, .
Aug. 6 to Aug. 17, .
Aug. 25 to Sept. 8, .
Sept. 7 to Sept. 26, .


t2 89

2 08

3 05
2 44

4 11


$1 50
1 05
1 37

1 12'

2 00


$1 20

84

1 10

90

1 60


fl 69
1 24
1 95

1 54

2 51


1.60
1.43
1.88
1.72
1.41


972
945
920
920
930


Total,


f 14 57


$7 04


15 64


$8 93


-


-



Buttercup,



July 6 to July 21, .
July 24 to Aug. 2, .
Aug. 6 to Aug. 17, .
Aug. 21 to Sept. 8, .
Sept, 7 to Sept. 26, .


f 8 50
2 00
8 02
8 36
4 03

tl5 91


$1 82

98

1 36
1 52
1 94


fl 46

78

1 09
1 22
1 55


f 2 04
1 22

1 93

2 14

2 48


1.53
1.40
1.84
1.72
1.44


882
845
812
850
858


Total, . .


$7 62


f 6 10


$9 81


-


-



Lucy,



July 6 to July 21, .
July 24 to Aug. 2, .
Aug. 6 to Aug. 17, .
Aug. 21 to Sept. 8, .
Sept. 7 to Sept. 26, .


t3 63
2 20
8 54
4 03
4 07


fl 92
1 14
1 61
1 85
1 97


f 1 54

91

1 29
1 48
1 58


•2 09

1 29

2 25
2 55
2 49


1.07
1.01
1.46
1 87
1 04


793
835
785
816
765


Total,


$17 47


$8 49


$6 80


f 10 67


-


-



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1892.]



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 33.



69



Net Cost of Milk and Manurial Value of Feed — Concluded,

Clarissa,



FEEDING PEBIODS.



July 6 to July 21,.
July 24 to Aug 2,
Aug. 6 to Aug. 17, .
Aug. 21 to Sept. 3,.
Sept 7 to Sept. 26, .

Total,



I



Id 79

2 24

3 62

4 08
4 47



$18 20



111



>



t2 04
1 17
1 65

1 88

2 23



♦8 97






$1 63

94

1 32
1 50
1 78



•7 17



$2 16

1 30

2 30
2 58
2 69



$11 03



^1i

5^5



Cents.
1.42
1.40
1.85
1.68
1.35






Pounds.
911
930
890
907
905



Statement of the Average of Analyses of MUk made during the
Different Feeding Periods.



PSSIODS.




Com.


PearL


Battercnp.


Lncy.


Clarissa.


I., . .


J Solids, per cent,
( Fat, per cent., .


13.05
4.24


13.96
4.26


13.48
3.92


13.58
4.29


13.59
4.58


n., . .


J Solids, per cent.,
} Fat, per cent, .


12.70
3.98




13.55
3.83


12.59
3.28


13.48
4.26


13.16
4.17


III., . .


J Solids, per cent,
I Fat, per cent., .


12.99
4.39


14.63
4.87


12.68
3.67


13.25
4.27


13.43
4.59


IV., . .


J Solids, per cent,
J Fat, per cent., .


13.68
4.63


14.67
4.62


12.99
3.58


13.98
4.54


14.54
4.84


v., . .


J Solids, per cent,
I Fat, per cent., .


13.30
3.88


14.92
4.25


13.55
3.83


14.33
4.97


14.65
4.93



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70 AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION. [Jan.



Com Meal.

1991.



B «|






111



3^i
^ bo



Moisture at lOO^ C,
Dry matter,



Analysis of Dry Matter,
Crude ash,

** cellulose, .
" f at, .

" protein (nitrogenous
matter),
Non-nitrogenous extract
matter, • . • .



15.31
84.69



100.00



1.72
2.17

4.84

12.18



303.20
1,697.80



2,000.00



84.40
43.40
96.80

243.60



79.09 11,581.80



20.83
82.28

192.44

1,650.16



100.00 t 2,000.00



1,846.71



48
85

79

98



Oluten Meal.

1801.



li§l



il



5*i

fll



1



Moisture at 100° C., .
Dry matter,



Analysis of Dry Matter,
Crude ash, ....
" cellulose, .
" f at, .

" protein (nitrogenous
matter).
Non-nitrogenous extract
matter, ....



11.11

88.89



100.00

1.65
0.73
9.22

33.34

55.06



222.20

1,777.80



2,000.00

33.00

14.60

184.40

666.80

1,101.20



9.05
156.74

526.77

1,002.09



100.00 2,000.00



1,694.66



62
85

79

91



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1892.]



PUBLIC DOCUMENT— Xo. 33.



71



Brewers' Grain.
iwi.



:3

it



nil



SI I

ill






:&(5



Moisture at 100° C ,
Dry matter,



Analysis of Dry MaUer.
Crude ash, ....
" cellulose, .
" f at, .

" protein (nitrogenous
matter).
Non-nitrogenous extract
matter, ....



12.00
88.00



240.00
1,760.00



100.00

4.46

15.31

6.10

23.43

50.70



2,000.00

89.20
306.20
122.00

468.60

1,014.00



122.48
101.26

346.76

648.96



100.00



2,000.00



1,219.46



40
83

74

64



^^



Wheat Bran.





i


Constitoentt (In
Pounds) in a
Ton of 2,000
Pounds.


Pounds DUresU-
ble In a Ton of
3,000 Pounds.




1

1

9


Moisture at 100° C, .


12.99


259.80






N


Dry matter,


87.01


1,740.20


-


-







100.00


2,000.00


-


-




Analysis of Dry MaUer.












Crude ash, ....


6.23


124.60


.


-


t^


" cellulose,.


10.47


209.40


50.26


24


^"^


fat, ....


5.37


107.40


76.25


71


JT^


" protein (nitrogenous












matter).


16.16


323.20


252.10


78




Non-nitrogenous extract












matter, ....


61.77


1,235.40


951.26


77






100.00


2,000.00


1,329.87


m


)










♦■





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72 AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION. [Jan.



Vetdi and Oats.

1991.



«


i

Si


ml






1

1


Moisture at 100^ C, .
Dry matter,


64.77
35.23

100.00

7.97

80.77

2.58

8.83

49.85


1,295.40
704.60


«


-


1


Analysis of Dry MaUer,
CJrude ash, ....

** cellulose,.

" f at, .

•* protein (nitrogenous
matter).
Non-nitrogenous extract

matter, ....


2,000.00

159.40

615.40

51.60

176.60

997.00


25.80
105.96
997.00


50

60

100


o
►2




100.00


2,000.00


1.128.76


-





Soja Beana.

IMl.



Is



III!



[If

lit



III



i

1



Moisture at 100<^ C,
Dry matter,



Analysis of Dry Matter.
Crude ash, ....

" cellulose,.

•* f at, .

•• protein (nitrogenous
matter).
Non-nitrogenous extract

matter,






l^r



72.22
27.78



100.00

6.39

31.49

3.39

13.71

45.06



100.00



1,444.40
555.60



2,000.00



127.80

629.80

67.80

274.20

901.20



865.28
9.49

175.49

549.73



2,000.00



1,099.99



58
14

64

61






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1892.]



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 33.



73



Fodder Com {Cheen).
imi.





1

H
.5


Constituents (In
Pounds) in a
Ton of 2.000
Pounds.


^^4
5 -S ©


pi


1

1


Moisture at 100° C, .
Dry matter.


71.86
28.14


1,437.20
662.80


-


-


>!


Analysis of Dry Matter,
Crude ash, ....

** cellulose, .

" fat, ....

** protein (nitrogenous
matter).
Non-nitrogenous extract

matter, ....


100.00

3.78

25.67

2.24

7.62

60.69


2,000.00

75.60

513.40

44.80

152.40

1,213.80


369.65
33.60

114.30

825.38


72
75

75

68


l-H
1-H




100.00


2,000.00


1,342.93


-





4. Creamery Record of the Station for the Years
1890 and 1891.

The cost of feed consumed is based on the market price
of the various ingredients, as is stated in the subsequent
table.

The valuation of the whole milk is taken at three cents
per quart. The estimates of the value of fertilizing ingredi-
ents contained in the feed are based on those given in the
following table.

The local market value and the value ot the essential
fertilizing constituents of the fodder articles used are reck-
oned for the year 1890, in order to render the results
.comparable.

Local Market Value per Ton of the Various Articles of Fodder

used.

Com meal, $23 00

Wheat bran, 21 60

Gluten meal, 23 00

Brewers' grain, 22 00

Digitized by VjOOQ IC



74 AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION. [Jan.



Local Market Value per Ton^ etc. — Concluded.

New-process linseed meal, f 26 00

Old-process linseed meal, 27 00

Cotton-seed meal, 26 00

Hay, 15 00

Rowen, 15 00

Com fodder, 5 00

Com stover, 5 00

Com ensilage, 2 25

Com and soja bean ensilage, . 3 50

Soja bean (green), . . 4 40

Vetch and oats (green), 2 75

Fodder com (green), 2 50

Carrots, 7 00

Sugar beets, 5 00

Cabbages, 2 50



Valuation of the Essential Fertilizing Constituents of the Various
Articles of Fodder used.

Nitrogen, 16i cents ; phoephoric add, 6 cents; potassiam oxide, 4^ cents per pound.





Nitrogen.


Phosphoric


Potassium


Valuation




Acid.


Oxide.


per Ton.


Com meal,


1.86


0.77


0.45


f7 44


Wheat bran, .




2.82


3.05


1.49


14 24


Gluten meal, .




5.22


0.40


0.05


17 75


Brewei-s' grain.




3.299


1.192


1.466


13 56


New-process linseed meal,




6.25


1.42


1.16


23 32


Old-process linseed meal.




5.33


1.64


1.16


20 54


Cotton-seed meal, .




6.467


2.33


1.723


25 60


Hay, ....




1.25


0.464


2.085


6 46


Rowen, ....




1.93


0.364


2.86


9 24


Com fodder (dry), ' .




1.37


0.368


0.355


5 26


Com stover (dry),




0.78


0.09


0.599


3 19


Com ensilage,




0.36


0.14


0.33


1 64


Com and soja bean ensilage.




0.708


0.42


0.444


3 22


Soja bean (green).




0.590


0.193


0.311


2 44


Vetch and oats (green).




0.23


0.09


0.79


1 54


Fodder com (green), .




0.343


0.195


0.43


1 73


Carrots, ....




0.14


0.10


0.54


1 04


Sugar beets, .
Cabbages,




0.29


0.03


0.18


1 15




0.300


0.11


0.43


1 48



The value of cream is that granted us from month to
month by our local creamery association. The station has
no other connection with the financial management of the
creamery.



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1892.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 38. 75

Our presentation of financial results is based on the local
cost of feed alone, and does not consider interest on invest-
ment and labor involved, for the reason that approximate
estimates on these points are in an exceptional degree
dependent on quality of stock and varying local circum-
stances. The details are embodied in a few subsequent
tables under the following headings : —

1. Statement of articles of fodder used.

2. Becord of average quality of milk and of fodder rations.
8. Value of cream produced at creamery basis of valuation.

4. Cost of skim-milk at the selling price of ^ three cents per

quart of whole milk.

5. Fertilizing constituents of cream.

6. Some conclusions suggested by the records.

7. Analyses of cream, and modes of analysis of milk, cream

and butter.



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76. AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION. [Jan.



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February, .

March, . .

April, . .

May, . . .

June,

July, . . .

August, .

September,
October, .


<



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80 AGMCULTUEAL EXPERIMENT STATION. [Jan.



3. Vaiue of Cream at Creamery Basis of Valuation.



I






II
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111



1^



January,



Online LibraryMassachusetts. State Board of AgricultureAnnual report of the Secretary of the Board of Agriculture → online text (page 45 of 63)