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LIHAUER UBRARY, SSP
HARVARD UNIVERSITY





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Public Document No. 17



THIETY-FIFTH ANNUAL EEPORT



State Board of Charity



MASSACHUSETTS



Year ending November 30, 1913.



BOSTON:

WBIGHT ft POTTEE PRINTING CO., STATE PBINTEBS,

32 DEBNE STREET.

1914.



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CONTENTS



PAQB

Title Page i

Approved by the State Board of Publication ...... ii

Table of Contents .......... iii-v

Past and Present Members of the Board . vi, vii

Presentation of Report ......... viii

Part I

General Work op the Board.
Organization
By-laws of the Board .
I>uties of the Board
Supervisory
Visitation
Publication
Legislation
f Recommendations

Laws affecting the Bqard
■ The State Institutions
Trustees

Numbers %

Capacity

Cost of Maintenance

Movement of Population and Expenditures
The Institutions severally *
The State Infirmary
The State Farm 1

The Norfolk State Hospital
The State Training Schools
The Lyman School for Boys
The Industrial School for Boys
The Industrial School for Girls
The Massachusetts Hospital School
The State Tuberculosis Sanatoria
Rutland State Sanatorium .
North Reading State Sanatorium
Lakeville State Sanatorium
Westfield State Sanatorium
Penikese Hospital for lepers
Financial administration of
Inventory
Receipts
Expenditures
Net Per Capita Cost

Compaiison of Appropriations and Exi>enditures
Appropriations for Special Purposes
Net Cost to the Commonwealth
Analysis of Pay Roll
Average Prices paid for Food .



3
4

6

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7

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14
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30
34
36
39
40
42
46

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54

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iv CONTENTS.

Duties of the Board — Con. paob

SUPXBYIBORT — Con,

The County Training Schools 97

Supervisions of the Settled Poor 113

The City and Town Paupers .113

Dependent Minor Children with Settlement, in Almshouses 115
Dependent Minor Children with Settlement, in Families and

Asylums .......... 115

Penalty incurred by Cities and Towns for Delay in Pauper Returns 116

ADlONISTRATnrS 117.

The State Out-door Poor 118

Cases of Sick State Poor 119

Cases of Dangerous Diseases ....... 119

Cases of Wife Settlement 120

Cases of Temporary Aid 120

Cost 121

Settlement Work 122

Removals 123

After Care of Women and Children discharged by the Board from

the State Infirmary- 124

Mothers' aid 128

Alien Immigrants ......... 134

Children in Care and Custody of the Board ..... 135

Children imder Three Years of Age 135

Children over Three Years of Age 137

Investigating Department ....... 140

Support 143

Non-support Proceedings ....... 145

Adoptions .......... 145

Tables concerning Children ....... 146

Licensed Boarding Houses for Infants ..... 154

Lying-in Hospitals ......... 163

Tuition of Children under the Care and Control of the Board 166

The Board's Finances 170

The Graded System 183

Auxiliary Visitors ......... 184

Parole Visitors 185

Almshouse Visitors (see Part III).

Visitors to State Infirmary ....... 185

Meetings of the Board ........ 185

Index to Part I 187

Part II

Incorporated Private Charities.

Investigation of Chaiitable Organisations seeking Incorporation iii

Inspection of Charitable Corporations v

Annual Reports of Charitable Corporations ...... xii, 1

Alphabetical Index 390

Part III

Almshouses and Statistics or Poor Relief by Cities and Towns.

The City and Town Almshouses ........ iii

Laws relating to ......... . iii

Inspection ........... iv

Plans for New Almshouses ........ iv



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CONTENTS. V

The Gty mud Town Almdiouses — Cmi. pa«b

Almafaoiises Closed it

Management .... it

Constniction ... ... . . ▼

Number d Tnmat4w ... . . yi

Consomptive Inmates . ..... vii

IMectrve Tnmates ......... vii

Vagrants ......... viii

Libraries of Books yiii

Farm and Farm Products .... viii

Fire Protection ix

Improvements and Repairs ........ is

Suggestions and Recommendations ...... xiii

Almshouse Visiton ........ ziv

Reports .... ... 1-96

Statistics of the Poor Reliel 07

Numbers Relieved 97

Cost of Po(» Relief 102

Tablb I. — Number of Poor Persons Supported at Relieved by

Cities and Towns 104

II. — Number of Poor Persons Supp(»ted at Relieved by

theSute 110

III. — Movement of Poor Supported or Relieved 110

IV. — Classification by Color. Nativity and Sez . Ill
V. — Native-bom Poor Persons, classified by Parent Na-
tivity Ill

VI. — Classification of First Admissions by Affe at Admis-
sion and Sex 112

VII. — - Classification by Present Age 113

VIII. — Classification l^ Mental Defect and Sez . . 114
IX. — Classification of Discharges by Character of Dis-
charge and Sex 114

X. — Classification of Foreign-bom by Countries of Birth . 116
XI. — Percentage of Classes of Persons Relieved to Whole

Number Relieved 115

XII. — Numerical Relation to Whole Population of Several

Classes of Persons Relieved 116

XIII. — Cost to Cities and Towns of Support and Reb'ef . 117
XrV. — Net Cost to State of Support and Relief in Institu-
tions and in Families ...... 128

XV. — Total Net Cost of Public Poor Relief ... 128



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Statb Houbb, Boston, March 1, 1014.

To His Excellency the Oovemor and the Honorable Council.

The Thirly-fifth Annual Report of the State Board of Char-
ity covering the year from December 1, 1912, to November 30,
1913, is herewith respectfully presented.

LEONTINE LINCOLN, Chairman
CHARLES H. ADAMS, Vice-Chairman
FRANCES GREELT CURTIS
DAVID F. TILLEY
CHARLES R. JOHNSON
ABRAHAM C. RATSHESKY
JEFFREY R. BRACKETT
THOMAS DOWNEY
ADA ELIOT SHEFFIELD



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REPORT

OF THE

State Boaed of Chakity



Part I



General Work of the Board



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GENERAL WOEK OF THE BOAED.



ORGANIZATION.
The membership of the Board is as follows : —

Leontine Lincoln, Fall Eiver, Chairman.

Charles H. Adams, Melrose, Vice-chairman,

Miss Frances Greely Curtis, Boston.

David F. Tilley, Boston.

Charles B. Johnson, Worcester.

Abraham C. Batshesky, Boston.

Jeffrey E. Brackett, Boston.

Thomas Downey, Boston.

Mrs. Ada Eliot SheflBeld, Cambridge.

Standing Committees.

Committee on State Adult Poor: Mr. Johnson, Mr. Adams, Mr.
Batshesky, Mr. Downey, Mrs. Sheffield, and the Chairman.

Committee on State Minor Wards: Miss Curtis, Mr. Tilley, Mr.
Adams, Mr. Brackett, Mr. Batshesky, and the Chairman.

Committee of General Visitation and Inspection: Mr. Tilley, Mr.
Downey, Miss Curtis, Mr. Batshesky, Mr. Brackett, Mrs. Sheffield,
and the Chairman.

Committee on Inspection of Almshouses: Mr. Brackett, Miss
Curtis, Mr. Johnson, Mrs. Sheffield, and the Chairman.

Committee on Finance: Mr. Lincoln, Mr. Adams, Mr. Batshesky,
Mr. Downey.

Committee on Social Service: Mrs. Sheffield, Miss Curtis, Mr.
Adams, Mr. Tilley, and the Chairman.

Executive Committee: Mr. Lincoln, Mr. Adams, Miss Curtis,
Mr. Tilley, Mr. Johnson, Mr. Brackett, Mrs. Sheffield..

Executive Officers,

Bobert W. Kelso, Secretary of the Board.

Prank W. Goodhue, Superintendent of State Adult Poor.

James E. Fee, Superintendent of State Minor Wards.



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4 STATE BOARD OF CHARITY. [P. D. 17.

In addition to its executive officers the Board employs a
regular paid force of forty-six men and ninety-five women,
and receives the gratuitous services of sixty-nine auxiliary
visitors and ninety-one almshouse visitors, all women, and
forty-six parole visitors, all men.

BY-LAWS OP THE BOARD.

1. The Board shall, at its regular meeting in June in each year,
elect by ballot a Chairman and Vice-Chairman, who shall each hold
office for one year, or imtil his successor shall have been chosen.
Any vacancy in the office of Chairman or Vice-Chairman, during
the year for which he may be elected, shall be filled by ballot. In
the absence or disability of the Chairman or Vice-Chairman, a
Chairman pro tempore may be chosen as the Board may determine.

2. Regular meetings of the Board shall be held on the first Fri-
day of each month in the rooms of the Board at the State House,
at two and one-half o^clock in the afternoon, or at such other place
and hour as the Board may from time to time direct. Special
meetings may be called by the Chairman, or, in his absence, by the
Vice-Chairman, at such time and place as may be most convenient
for the members of the Board ; and in notif 3dng such meetings the
Secretary shall specify the subjects to be considered. Four members
shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business.

3. The Committees of the Board shall be: (1) a Committee on
State Adult Poor, to consist of five members; (2) a Committee on
State Minor Wards, to consist of five members; (3) a Committee
of General Visitation and Inspection, to consist of six members;
(4) a Committee on Inspection of Almshouses, to consist of four
members; (5) a Committee on Finance, to consist of three mem-
bers; (6) a Committee on Social Service, to consist of four mem-
bers; — all to be appointed by the Chairman; (7) an Executive
Committee, to consist of the Chairman, the Vice-Chairman, and the
Chairman of the Standing Committees. The Chairman of the Board
shall be, ex officio, an additional member of each of the Standing
Committees. The Committee on State Adult Poor and the Com-
mittee on State Minor Wards shall severally hold meetings imme-
diately before the monthly meetings of the Board, for the purpose
of considering the reports of the Superintendents of Divisions, and
preparing recommendations for the Board. The Committee of
General Visitation and Inspection shall make monthly reports to
the Board. The Committee on Inspection of Almshouses shall
superintend and direct the visitation and inspection of city and town
almshouses, and shall make monthly reports to the Board. The



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Part I.] GENERAL WORK OF THE BOARD. 5

Committee on Finance shall have general supervision of the expendi-
tures of the Board under the several annual appropriations. The
Executive Committee shall act for the Board in the intervals be-
tween its meetings, whenever immediate action is demanded; such
action shall be reported at the next regular meeting of the Board,
and, if no objection is made, shall be regarded as the will of the
Board.

4. There shall be a Secretary of the Board, to be appointed by the
Board. He shall be the Clerk of the Board, its auditor, and its
disbursing officer. He shall be present at the meetings of the Board
and of the Executive Committee, and keep a record of all transac-
tions. He ^all, subject to the direction of the Board, prepare the
Annual Report and other reports and statistics; execute all pro-
visions of the laws relating to incorporation of charities ; execute all
provisions of the laws relating to inspection and supervision, except
such as are assigned to the Superintendents of State Adult Poor and
State Minor Wards; and study and report to the Board on methods
of public aid in this country and abroad. He shall make a monthly
report to the Board of his audits and of other matters of concern
to his office, and shall perform such other work as may be required
of him.

5. There shall be a Superintendent of State Adult Poor, to be
appointed by the Board. He shall, subject to the direction of the
Board, execute all the provisions of the laws relating to sane inmates
of the State Infirmary and the State Farm, the sick State poor,
those ill of dangerous diseases, and those receiving temporary relief.
He shall also make all necessary examinations and investigations
regarding the settlement of all sane persons receiving public aid.
He shall make monthly visits to the State Infirmary and the State
Farm, and quarterly visits to the Rutland State Sanatorium, the
North Reading State Sanatorium, the Lakeville State Sanatorium,
and the Westfield State Sanatorium, and report upon their condi-
tion. His reports shall be made monthly, and he shall also an-
nually, on or before December 15, furnish a summary of his work
for the preceding fiscal year. He shall certify monthly to the Super-
intendents of the Foxborough State Hospital, the Massachusetts
Hospital for Epileptics, and the Massachusetts School for the Feeble-
minded, the amounts due from cities, towns, and individuals for the
support of inmates of the above-named institutions ; and shall per-
form such other duties as may be required of him. There shall be
two Deputy Superintendents, who shall be under the direction of
the Superintendent, and who shall have charge respectively of the
work relating to the indoor and the outdoor poor.

6. There shall be a Superintendent of State Minor Wards, to be
appointed by the Board. He shall, subject to the direction of the



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6 STATE BOARD OF CHARITY. [P. D. 17*

Board, execute all the provisions of the laws relating to neglected
and dependent children and juvenile offenders, and shall provide
for the placing and visitation of all such children. Monthly visits
shall be made under his direction to the Lyman School for Boys,
the State Industrial School for Girls, the Massachusetts Hospital
School, and the Industrial School for Boys, with reports upon their
condition. He shall have charge of all moneys belonging to State
minor wards. His reports shall be made monthly, and he shall
annually, on or before December 15, furnish a summary of his work
for the preceding fiscal year, and shall perform such other duties as
may be required of him. There shall be a Deputy Superintendent,
who shall be under the direction of the Superintendent, and who
shall have charge of the children over three years of age and of the
infants.

7. All officers, agents and other employees appointed by the
Board, shall hold office during the pleasure of the Board.

8. These by-laws may be amended by a vote of two-thirds of the
full board, at any regular meeting, after previous notice of the
change that is desired in Uie same by any member has been mailed
to each member by the Secretary, three days, at least, before any
vote shall be taken by the Board to make the proposed change.

DUTIES OF THE BOARD.

The duties of the Board fall under two heads, viz., Super-
vision and Administration.

SUPEEVISION,

The duties of supervision comprise: —

a. The visitation and inspection of the State Infirmary, at
Tewksbury; the State Farm, at Bridgewater; the Norfolk State
Hospital for Inebriates, at Norfolk; the Lyman School for
Boys, at Westborough ; the State Industrial School for Girls, at
Lancaster; the Massachusetts Hospital School, at Canton; the
Industrial School for Boys, at Shirley ; the State Sanatoria at
Rutland, North Reading, Lakeville and Westfield ; the city and
town almshouses; the county training schools; the children in
the custody of the Lyman and Industrial Schools cared for in
families ; the children supported by cities and towns and adults
supported in families other than their own, by cities and tovms ;
and such charitable corporations reporting to the Board as ask
for or consent to such visitation and inspection ; investigation,



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Parti.] GENERAL WORK OF THE BOARD. 7

with public hearing, and report to the Secretary of the Com-
monwealth in all cases of applications for the incorporation of
charitable organizations; supervision of the work of the cities
and towns in the relief of mothers with dependent children
under fourteen years of age, as provided in chapter 763 of the
Acts of 1913.

6. Publication of the results of visitation and inspection, with
tabulated statements regarding the number of poor persons re-
lieved and the cost of public poor relief.

c. Recommendations to the Legislature for changes in old
laws and the enactment of new ones.

a. Visitation.

The direct visitation of the State institutions and of the
private charitable corporations specified in Acts of 1909, chap-
ter 379, as well as the investigation under Acts of 1910, chap-
ter 181, of charities seeking incorporation, is made by commit-
tees and officials of the Board, as directed in the by-laws. The
results of this visitation, with the three exceptions noted below,
are given on pp. 21 et seq. of this part of the report. (1) The
investigation of associations which have applied for charters
since the Acts of 1910, chapter 181, went into effect will be
found in Part H. (pp. iii-v), which is devoted exclusively to
private charitable corporations. (2) The inspection of chari-
table agencies provided for by Acts of 1909, chapter 379, is
taken up in Part IL (pp. v-xiv). (3) The results of alms-
house inspection are given in full in Part III. The inspector
has, during the official year, visited every almshouse once, 19
have been visited twice, 3 three times. In addition, the inspec-
tor has conferred with Overseers of the Poor of 34 different
cities and towns in matters pertaining to almshouse conditions
and management and other matters concerning the work of the
Board.

Members of the Board have, from time to time, made visits
to almshouses; in most cases to consider the condition of the
buildings and the welfare of the inmates. The Board has been
greatly assisted in this friendly visiting by its corps of volun-
tary almshouse visitors.



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8 STATE BOARD OF CHARITY. [P. D. 17.

b. Pyhlication.

In addition to its full annual report, of which 2,000 copies
are printed, there are issued under the law, for the use of the
Board, 500 copies of so much of the report as relates to the city
and town ahnshouses and statistics of poor persons relieved by
cities and towns, and 1,000 copies of so much as relates to
charitable corporations.

In Part 11. of the report are given abstracts of the reports
of charitable corporations whose personal property is exempt
from taxation, the reports being made annually to the Board,
under the law. Of 'the 744 corporations whose returns were
called for during the last official year, 42 failed to report ; 34
of these delinquents have heretofore made the return. Twenty-
three of the reports received were from corporations reporting
for the first time.

The purpose in a seriatim presentation of the various reports
is that of acquainting the public with the work of the respective
agencies throughout the State. There is ample evidence that
this purpose is being accomplished.

With the passage of chapter 82 of the Acts of 1913, annual
reports will socm be assured from all active corporations, thus
making Part II. of this report a complete directory of incorpo-
rated agencies.

Part II. contains also the record of new corporations, the
petitions for which charities have been investigated by the
Board. There is also an account of the Board's visitation and
inspection of all agencies under the provisions of chapter 379
of the Acts of 1909.

The chapter on poor relief, found in Part HE. of the report,
furnishes details respecting the poor supported or relieved at
public expense during the year ending March 31, 1913, — their
numbers, condition, treatment and cost, — in tabulated form,
which facilitates comparison. These facts are gathered from the
annual returns of Overseers of the Poor of the several cities
and towns ; from the published town reports ; from the records
of the State institutions in which such relief has been rendered ;
and from the files of this Board.

Statistics of niunbers refer strictly to the year ending March

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Part I.] GENERAL WORK OF THE BOARD. 9

31, 1913. Figures relating to coet, however, contain an element
of inaccuracy, since the financial returns of the cities and towns
relate, in each instance, to the town's fiscal year, while the only
figures available for State care relate to the State's fiscal year,
closing November 30, 1913. Figures of cost, therefore, are
comparable only in the most general way. Greater accuracy
in these cost tables awaits the adoption of a uniform town year,



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