Massachusetts. State Board of Charity.

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tion of the overseers to children at the almshouse beyond the
legal time limit and requesting that other provision be made;
Deerfield, calling the overseers' attention to the absence of the
matron, and requesting that a suitable woman be hired in the
interim.

New almshouse buildings are needed at Mansfield, Fall
River, Marshfield, and Woburn. Increased accommodations
are an urgent necessity at Haverhill.

AlmihouM Vliitors.

The almshouse visitors are local residents, giving their ser-
vices, under the Board's appointment. Those now in office are :
Mrs. A. K. Bailey, Lynn; Emily A. Bailey, West Newbury;



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Part III.] ALMSHOUSES. xv

Mary Belle Bailey, Lancaster; Nellie E. Barrett, Worcester;
Helen L. Batchellor, North Brookfield; Mrs. Charles I. Bliss,
Hingham; May W. Bennett, Worcester; Nellie C. Boutwell,
Maiden ; Mrs. William Bray, Georgetown ; Josephine S. Brooks,
Nantucket; Helen W. Brown, Reading; Mrs. William C.
Brown, Melrose; Mrs. M. Leontiene Buck, Wilmington; Mrs.
Gilbert J. Carter, Clinton ; Florence E. Chase, Sturbridge ;
Minnie A. Clifford, Monson; Mrs. Eli Converse, West Brook-
field; Ruth S. Conwell, Provincetown ; Mrs. Alvah Crocker,
Fitchburg; Mrs. Edwin R Crossley, North Attleborough ; Mrs.
George W. Crowther, Amesbury; Mary E. Curtis, Norwell;
Kate Darling, Worcester; Edna Deland, Warren; Louise G.
DeLong, Medford; Anna T. Dyer, South Braintree; Mary W.
Esterbrook, Lunenburg; Georgia E. Fairfield, Fairhaven;
Lizzie C. Flavell, Marshfield ; Mrs. Daniel F. Flynn, Randolph ;
Lelia F. French, Gloucester; Helen A. Hanscom, Haverhill;
Helen E. Hartwell, Ayer; Mrs. James A. Hewes, Melrose;
Miss H. E. Hooker, South Hadley; Florence W. Hutchinson,
Pepperell; Mrs. Elbridge R. Jackson, Gardner; Elizabeth H.
Kelley, Falmouth; Susan Kennedy, Milton; Mrs. Lida A.
Kimball, North Adams; Fanny E. Lane, Weston; Sarah
Laurence, Boston; Mary A. Leeds, Wobum; Anna S.
LeLacheur, West Bridgewater; Julia G. Lyman, Montague;
Adeline May, Leicester; Effie A. Merrill, Peabody; Abbie E.
Merritt, Ashbumham; Mrs. Charles N. Morse, Foxborough;
Susie Bosworth Munn, Easthampton; Elizabeth D. Nash,
Greenfield; Sara O'Brien, Rowley; Lydia W. Palmer, West
Stockbridge; Charlotte Parsons, Mattapoisett ; Maidee P.
Pollys, Essex; Grace L. Porter, Manchester; Mrs. Edgar
Preble, Charlton; Hattie H. Robbins, Lee; Mary C. Rogers,
Canton ; Mrs. Henry C. Rolfe, Concord ; Miss M. T. Ruggles,
Holyoke; Jane Austin Russell, Pittsfield; Mrs. Alfred M.
Russell, Newtonville; Helen Russell, Plymouth; Mrs. Grant
Shattuck, Groton ; Dr. Mary H. Sherman, Brookfield ; Winifred
B. Simonds, Bedford; Mrs. Henry D. Sleeper, Northampton;
Mrs. Austin E. Smith, Springfield; May Knight Southwell,
Somerville; Bertha J. Southwick, Taunton; Alice J. Spalter,
Winchendon; Grace A, Spaulding, Lexington; Myrtie A.
Spooner, North Easton; M. Elizabeth Stebbins, Deerfield;



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xvi STATE BOARD OF CHARITY. [P. D. 17. Part HI.

Elizabeth S. Steele, Worcester; Mrs. H. W, Stevens, Lee;
Fanny C. Stone, Newburj^rt; Mary C. Sweet, Lawrence;
Ann C. Taylor, Townsend; Mrs. W. P. Taylor, Ashfield; Mrs.
L. H. Tourtellotte, Marlborough; Amy F. Trow, Andover;
Ellen H. Underwood, South Dennis ; Alice E. Wetherbee, Fall
River; Mary J. Wheeler, Athol; Harriet E. Wheelock, XJx-
bridge ; Abbie M. White, Grafton ; Mrs. E. M. White, Framing-
ham; Laura G. Woodberry, Beverly.



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REPORTS



Acton. Population, 2,136.

Inspected November 11, 1913.

Warden, Melvin W. Emerick; matron, Mrs. Emerick; salary,
$480; served here two years and nine months. One assistant, a
man, paid by town. Warden has five rooms. Dining-room used
as sitting-room. Five sleeping-rooms, with five beds. One bath-
room, with hot and cold water. One water-closet; two privies.
Heating by hot air. Lighting by oil. Total number of inmates
during year, three; largest number at one time, three; smallest
number, two. Number at time of visitation, two men. One man
does light chores. Ages: one between 50 and 60; one between 60
and 70. Both inmates permanent. One death during past year.
Two men cripples. Ninety acres of land; eight acres ploughed;
thirty-five acres tilled. Chief products : milk, vegetables, and apples.

Valuation of almshouse property, $5,000. Total annual cost,
$2,211.02 ; net, $625.65. Cost of improvements and repairs, $67.10.

Adams. Population, 13,026.

In]Q>ected October 7, 1013.

Warden, Frank G. Warren ; matron, Mrs. Warren ; salary, $1,000 ;
served here eight years. Warden also has charge of garbage collec-
tion, without extra compensation. Three assistants, two men and
one woman, paid by town. Warden has five rooms and a bath-
room. One sitting-room and a smoking-room. Twenty-four sleep-
ing-rooms, with twenty-four beds. Two bath-rooms, with hot and
cold water. Two water-closets. Heating by steam. Lighting by
electricily. Complete separation of sexes, except at meals. Total
number of inmates during year, twenty-eight ; largest number at one
time, tweniy-three ; smallest number, nineteen. Number at time
of visitation, twenty-two, viz., ten men, eleven women, one girl.
One man helps with farm work, two do light chores, one helps with
washing and in house; one woman does housework, three wash
dishes. Ages: one under 2; one between 21 and 30; two between
30 and 40; one between 40 and 50; six between 50 and 60; five
between 60 and 70 ; four between 70 and 80 ; two between 80 and
90. Twenty inmates permanent, two temporary. Two women men-
tally defective; three men and one woman cripples; one man and



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2 STATE BOARD OF CHARITY. [P. D. 17.

one. woman blind; one man and one woman mentally defective and
epileptic. One woman supported by Springfield. One hundred and
sixty acres of land ; twenty acres ploughed ; forty acres tilled. Chief
products : cream, vegetableff, and pork.

Valuation of almshouse property, $11,000. Total annual cost,
$5,047.38; net, $3,679.31. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$255.98.

Amesbuby. Population, 9,894.

Inspected June 13, 1013.

Warden, Fred J. Hooper; matron, Mrs. Hooper; salary, $700;
warden served here eight years; matron, fourteen years. Warden
also delivers wood to outdoor poor, without extra compensation.
Three assistants, one man and two women, paid by town. Warden
has six rooms and a bath-room. One room, with two beds, set
apart for hospital use. One sitting-room and one smoking-room.
Fifteen sleeping-rooms and one dormitory, with twenty-five beds.
Two bath-rooms, with hot and cold water. Two water-closets ; one
privy. Heating by hot water. Lighting by electricity. Complete
separation of sexes, except at meals. Total number of inmates dur-
ing year, thirty ; largest number at one time, twenty-two ; smaUest
number, fifteen. Number at time of visitation, fifteen, viz., nine
men, six women. Three men do general chores, one cares for dining-
room; two women help with housework. Ages: one between 30
and 40 ; one between 40 and 50 ; two between 50 and 60 ; three be-
tween 60 and 70 ; six between 70 and 80 ; two between 80 and 90.
All inmates permanent Two deaths during past year. Two men
and three women mentally defective; one man a cripple. One
boarder, a man. Forty and one-half acres of land; twelve acres
ploughed ; twenty-two acres tilled. Chief products : milk and vege-
tables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $7,125.25. Total annual cost,
$4,307.42 ; net, $3,068.07.

Amherst. Population, 5,112.

Inspected October 22. 1913.

Warden, John Haynes; matron, Mrs. Haynes; salary, $500;
served here nine months. Two assistants, one man (occasionally)
and one woman, paid by town. Warden has six rooms and a batii-
room. One sitting-room and a smoking-room. Ten sleeping-rooms,
with ten beds. One bath-room, with hot and cold water. One
water-closet; four privies. Heating by stoves and hot air. Lighting
by oil. Complete separation of sexes, except at meals. Total num-
ber of inmate during year, nine ; largest number at one time, nine ;
smallest number, six. Number at time of visitation, seven, viz..



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Part III.] ALMSHOUSES. 3

five men, two women. One man does bam chores, one does light
chores, one cares for hens ; women do no work. Ages : one between
50 and 60; three between 60 and 70; one between 70 and 80; two
between 80 and 90. All inmates permanent. One death during
past year. One man mentally defective. Two hundred acres of
land; twelve acres ploughed; forty acres tilled. Chief products:
milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $12,237.85. Total annual cost,
$8,526.54; net, $2,307.08. Cost of improvements and repairs, $500.

Andover. Population, 7,301.

iDApected January 27, 1913.

Warden, Fred A. Swanton; matron, Mrs. Swanton; salary, $750;
served here four and three-quarters years. Two assistants, women,
paid by town. Warden has seven rooms and a bath-room. One
room, with two beds, set apart for hospital use. Two sitting-rooms,
a smoking-room, a sewing-room and an assembly room. Twenty
sleeping-rooms and one dormitory, with twenty-six beds. Two
bath-rooms, with hot and cold water. Two water-closets ; one privy.
Heating by steam. Lighting by gas and electricity. Complete
separation of sexes, except at meals. Total number of inmates
during year, sixteen ; largest number at one time, fourteen ; smallest
number, twelve. Number at time of visitation, twelve, viz., nine
men, three women. Two men do general chores, two help with
washing and inside work; one woman helps with inside work.
Ages: one between 40 and 50; three between 50 and 60; four be-
tween 60 and 70; three between 70 and 80; one between 80 and 90.
Eleven inmates permanent, one temporary. Three deaths during
past year. One man and one woman mentally defective ; one man
and one woman cripples. One able-bodied inmate, a man, under
sixty years of age. District nurse on call. Nineteen acres of land ;
four acres ploughed; ten acres tilled. Chief products: milk and
vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $20,585. Total annual cost,
$4,539.87; net, $4,178.20. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$279.34.

AsHBUBNHAM. Population, 2,107.

Inipected November 10, 1913.

Warden, Percy Norton; matron, Mrs. Norton; salary, $500;
served here two years and three months. One assistant, a man,
paid by town. Warden has five rooms. Dining-room used as sit-
ting-room. Nine sleeping-rooms, with eight beds. Three privies.
Heating by stoves. Lighting by oil. No separation of sexes. Total
number of inmates during year, six; largest number at one time.



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4 STATE BOARD OF CHARITY. [P. D. 17.

five; smalleet number, three. Number at time of visitatioiiy three,
viz., one man, two women. One woman helps with housework.
Ages : one between 50 and 60 ; one between 70 and 80 ; one between
80 and 90. All inmates permanent One death during past year.
One woman mentally defective. One hundred and forty acres of
land; ten acres ploughed; twenty-five acres tilled. Chief products:
milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $4,500. Total annual cost,
$2,711.20; net, $714.10.

AsHBY. Population, 885.

Inspected September 10, 1913.

Warden, Lee Pennock; matron, Mrs. Pennock; served here five
months. Warden pays $150 per year for rent of farm, and boards
one inmate without expense to town. Warden has five rooms. Eight
sleeping-rooms, with seven beds. Two privies. Heating by stoves
and steam. Lighting by oiL Total number of inmates during year,
two ; largest number at one time, one ; smallest number, one. Num-
ber at time of visitation, one woman, a boarder, between 60 and 70
years of age, permanent, helps with housework. One hundred and
seventy-five acres of land; six acres ploughed; thirty acres tilled.
Chief products : milk and vegetables.

Valuation of alm^ouse property, $6,258.62.

AsHFiELD. Population, 959.

Infipected September 16, 1913.

Warden, George Tatro; matron, Miss Katherine Connor; salary,
$300; served here one year. One assistant, a woman, paid by the
warden. Warden has five rooms. Dining-room used as sitting-
room. Five sleeping-rooms, with five beds. Two privies. Heat-
ing by stoves. Lighting by oil. Total number of inmates during
year, one; largest number at one time, one; smallest number, one.
No inmates at time of visitation. One hundred and twenty acres of
land; two acres ploughed; fifteen acres tilled. Chief products:
cream and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $3,391.25. Total annual cost,
$1,492.14; net, $176.01.

Ashland. Population, 1,682.

Inspected August 20, 1913.

Warden, J. N. Faulkenham; matron, Mrs. Paulkenham; salary,
$600 ; served here four months. Two assistants, one man and one
woman, paid by town. Warden has six rooms. One sitting-room
and a smoking-room. Thirteen sleeping-rooms, with thirteen beds.
One bath-room, with hot and cold water. One water-closet; three



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Part III.] ALMSHOUSES. 5

privies. Heating by steam. Lighting by oil. Complete separation
of sexes^ except at meals. Total number of inmates during year,
fourteen; largest number at one time, nine; smallest number, seven.
Number at time of visitation, eight, viz., seven men, one woman.
One man works at wood pile, two help with barn chotes, one helps
in house. Ages: two between 50 and 60; three between 60 and 70;
three between 70 and 80. All inmates permanent. One man men-
tally defective ; three men cripples ; one man mentally defective and
a cripple. One hundred and ten acres of land; twenty acres
ploughed; forty acres tilled. Chief products: milk and vegetables.
Valuation of almshouse property, $4,441.90. Total annual cost,
$3,980.92; net, $691.09.

Athol. Population, 8,536.

Inspected July 18, 1913.

Warden, Fred W. Bumham; matron, Mrs. Bumham; salary,
$600; served here four years and three months. Two assistants,
one man and one woman, paid by town. Warden has eight rooms
and a bath-room. One sitting-room, also used as smoking-room.
Fifteen sleeping-rooms, with twenty beds. One bath-room, with
hot and cold water. Two wateif-closets ; one privy. Heating by
steam. Lighting by oil. No separation of sexes. Total number
of inmates during year, twenty-five; largest number at one time,
nineteen; smallest number, twelve. Number at time of visitation,
fifteen, viz., ten men, five women. One man does carpenter work,
one drives team; two women help with housework, one sews and
mends. Ages: one between 21 and 30; two between 60 and 70;
five between 70 and 80 ; seven between 80 and 90. Fifteen inmates
permanent. One death during past year. One man and one woman
mentally defective; one woman epileptic; one man a cripple. One
boarder, a woman. Two men supported by Orange. One hundred
and fifty acres of land ; seven acres ploughed ; eighteen acres tilled.
Chief products: milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $5,000. Total annual cost,
$3,697.33; net, $2,200.04. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$295.53.

Attlbborough. Population, 16,215.

Inspected August 11. 1913.

Warden, Nelson Hagar; matron, Mrs. Hagar; salary, $500;
served here nine years. One assistant, a man, paid by town. War-
den has nine rooms. One room, with one bed, set apart for hospital
use. One smoking-room. Eighteen sleeping-rooms, with eighteen
beds. Two bath-rooms, with hot and cold water. Two water-
closets; one privy. Heating by steam. Lighting by electricity.
Complete separation of sexes. Total number of inmates during



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6 STATE BOARD OF CHARITY. [P. D, 17.

year, twenty-five; largest number at one time, nineteen; smallest
number, fourteen. Number at time of visitation, fourteen, viz.,
eight men, six women. Two men do bam chores, one cares for
men's smoking-room; two women do housework. Ages: two be-
tween 40 and 50; four between 50 and 60; three between 60 and
70; four between 70 and 80; one between 80 and 90. All inmates
permanent. Five deaths during past year. One man and two
women mentally defective; three men cripples; one woman blind.
One boarder, a woman. One hundred and nine acres of land ; five
acres ploughed ; twenty-five acres tilled. Chief products : milk and
vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $12,000. Total annual cost,
$4,113.25; net, $3,008.11. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$101.96.

Auburn. Population, 2,420.

(See Charlton.)

Ayeb. Population, 2,797.

Inspected November 15. 1918.

Warden, Burton H. Allen; matron, Mrs. Allen; salary, $500;
served here two years and seven months. Warden also works on
town highways, without extra compensation. One assistant, a man,
paid by town. Warden has seven rooms. One sitting-room. Fifteen
sleeping-rooms, with eight beds. One bath-room, with hot and cold
water. Three privies. Heating by steam. Lighting by oil. Total
number of inmates during year, four; largest number at one time,
four; smallest number, four. Number at time of visitation, four
men. One man works on roads, one does light chores, one works
in house. Ages : two between 30 and 40 ; one between 40 and 50 ;
one between 70 and 80. All inmates permanent. Two men men-
tally defective; two men mentally defective and cripples. Fifty-
seven acres of land ; fifteen acres ploughed ; twenty-five acres tilled.
Chief products : milk, vegetables, and apples.

Valuation of almshouse property, $11,982. Total annual cost,
$3,282.21; net, $2,068.17. Cost of improvements and repairs, $50.

Babnstable. Population, 4,676.

Inspected November 24. 1913.

Warden, Alexander B. Chase ; matron, Mrs. Chase ; salary, $400 ;
served here six and one-half years. Warden has four rooms. One
room, with one bed, set apart for hospital use. One sitting-room.
Corridor used as smoking-room. Thirteen sleeping-rooms, with
seventeen beds. Two bath-rooms, with hot and cold water. Two
water-closets; four privies. Heating by stoves. Lighting by oil.
Sexes separated at night only. Total number of inmates during



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Part III.] ALMSHOUSES. 7

year^ eighteen; largest number at one time^ sixteen; smallest num-
ber, ten. Number at time of visitation, twelve, viz., four men, eight
women. One man does bam chores, two work on wood and do
chores ; three women help with housework. Ages : three between 50
and 60 ; two between 60 and 70 ; three between 70 and 80 ; four be-
tween 80 and 90. Ten inmates permanent, two temporary. Three
deaths during past year. One man and four women mentally de-
fective ; two women cripples ; one woman blind. One able-bodi^ in-
mate, a man, under sixty years of age. Fifty acres of land ; three
acres ploughed; ten acres tilled. Chief products: milk and vege-
tables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $7,500. Total annual cost,
$3,784.54; net, $3,544.08. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$150.70.

Baere. Population, 2,957.

Inspected October 13, 1913.

Warden, Edward A. Ackerman; matron, Mrs. Ackerman; salary,
$575 ; served here eight and one-half years. One assistant, a man,
paid by town. Warden has seven rooms. Dining-room used as sit-
ting-room. One smoking-room. Twenty-three sleeping-rooms, with
eighteen beds. One bath-room, with hot and cold water. Three
privies. Heating by steam. Lighting by oil. Complete separation
of sexes, except at meals. Total number of inmates during year,
six ; largest number at one time, five ; smallest number, four. Num-
ber at time of visitation, five, viz., two men, three women. Men
do no work-; two women help with housework. Ages : one between
60 and 70; three between 70 and 80; one between 90 and 100. All
inmates permanent. One woman mentally defective ; one man men-
tally defective and crippled. Two hundred and twenty-four acres
of land ; fourteen acres ploughed ; thirteen acres tilled. Chief prod-
ucts : milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $4,981.10. Total annual cost,
$3,420.28; net, $1,304.72. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$79.30.

Bedford. Population, 1,231.

Inspected September 29, 1913.

Warden, William Thompson; matron, Mrs. Thompson; salary,
$650; served here fourteen years. One assistant, a man, paid by
town. Warden has five rooms. Dining-room used as sitting-room.
Ten sleeping-rooms, with nine beds. Two privies. Heating by
stoves. Lighting by oil. Sexes separated at night only. Total
number of inmates during year, five; largest number at one time,
five; smallest number, three. Number at time of visitation, three,
viz., two men, one woman. One man helps in house. Ages: one
between 50 and 60 ; one between 60 and 70 ; one between 70 and 80.



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8 STATE BOARD OF CHARITY. [P. D. 17.

All inmates permanent. One man and one woman mentally defec-
tive; one man a cripple. One hundred and eighteen acres of land;
twelve acres ploughed; twenty-four acres tilled. Chief products:
milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $9,350. Total annual cost,
$2,977.30; net, $649.12.

Belchbrtown. Population, 2,054.

Inspooted Ootober 22, 1913.

Warden, Louis A. Shumway; matron, Mrs. Shumway; salary,
$450; served here four months. Warden also drives town hearse
and is keeper of town lockup, without extra compensation. Warden
has four rooms. One sitting-room. Eleven sleeping-rooms, with
nine beds. One bath-room, with hot and cold water. Three privies.
Heating by stoves. Lighting by oil. Total number of inmates
during year, one ; largest number at one time, one ; smallest number,
one. Number at time of visitation, one man, permanent, between
30 and 40 years of age, mentally defective, who does light chores.
One tramp, separated from other inmates, lodged, fed, and not re-
quired to work because crippled. One hundred and ninety acres of
land ; ten acres ploughed ; thirty acres tilled. Chief products : milk
and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $8,232.51. Total annual cost,
$1,777.07; net, $175.47. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$151.18.

Bellingham. Population, 1,690.

Inapeoted August 15, 1913.

Warden, Edgar A. Chase; matron, Mrs. Chase; salary, $500;
served here two years and six months. Warden also drives school
barge, without extra compensation. One assistant, a man, paid by
town. Warden has six rooms and a bath-room. One room, with one
bed, set apart for hospital use. Dining-room used as sitting-room.
Eight sleeping-rooms, with nine beds. One bath-room, with hot
and cold water. Two privies. Heating by steam. Lighting by oil.
Sexes separated at night only. Total number of inmates during
year, eight; largest number at one time, seven; smallest number,
five. Number at time of visitation, five, viz., two men, three women.
One man does general chores; three women help with housework.
Ages: two between 60 and 70; three between 70 and 80. All in-
mates permanent. Two women mentally defective; one man epi-
leptic; one man a cripple. Two hundred and forty-five acres of
land; fourteen acres ploughed; twenty-five acres tilled. Chief
products : milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $9,313. Total annual cost,
$4,436.58; net, $1,025.90. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$85.89.



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Part III.] ALMSHOUSES.



Beverly. Population, 18,650.

Inspected September 8, 1913.

Warden, Walter Famum; salary, $600; served here eighteen
years; matron, Mrs. Famum; salary, $300; served here three and
one-half years. Three assistants, one man and two women, paid by
city.^ Warden has thirteen rooms and a bath-room. Three wardis
and three rooms, with eleven beds, set apart for hospital use. Two
sitting-rooms and a smoking-room. Fourteen sleeping-rooms and
two dormitories, with twenty-eight beds. Four bath-rooms, with
hot and cold water. Six water-closets. Heating by steam. Light-
ing by electricity. Complete separation of sexes. Total number
of inmates during year, seventy ; largest number at one time, thirty-
four; smallest number, twenty-five. Number at time of visitation,
twenty-eight, viz., fourteen men, thirteen women, one girl. One
man does general chores, one helps in house ; five women help with
housework. Ages : one under 2 ; one between 30 and 40 ; three be-
tween 40 and 50; seven between 50 and 60; ten between 60 and 70;
three between 70 and 80 ; two between 80 and 90 ; one between 90
and 100. Twenty-seven inmates permanent, one temporary. Eight
deaths during past year. Two men and three women mentally de-
fective; one man a cripple; one man a cripple and blind. Two
boarders, one man and one woman. Two nurses, women. Twenty-
six acres of land; three acres ploughed; fourteen acres tilled. Chief
products: milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $38,800. Total annual cost,



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