Massachusetts. State Board of Charity.

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$7,899.89; net, $6,598.71. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$938.47.

BiLLBBiCA. Population, 2,789.

Inspected November 21, 1913.

Warden, William L. White; matron, Mrs. White; salary, $600;
served here one year and seven months. One assistant, a man, paid
by town. Warden has four rooms. Dining-room used as sitting-
room. One smoking-room. Nine sleeping-rooms, with nine beds.
Two privies. Heating by stoves. Lighting by oil. No separation
of sexes. Total number of inmates during year, four; largest num-
ber at one time, four ; smallest number, three. Number at time of
visitation, three, viz., one man, two women. One man does light
chores ; one woman washes dishes. Ages : two between 60 and 70 ;
one between 70 and 80. All inmates permanent. One man and one
woman mentally defective; one woman a cripple. One hundred
acres of land ; fifteen acres ploughed ; twenty-five acres tilled. Chief
products : milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse propert}*, $5,000. Total annual cost,
$3,*520.77 ; net, $571.22. Cost of improvements and repairs, $52.58.



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10 STATE BOARD OF CHARITY. [P. D. 17.



Blackstone. Population, 5,648.

Inipeoted Septmnber 23, 1918.

Warden, Edward Malley; matron, Mrs. Malley; salary, $500;
served here two years. Warden has four rooms. One room, witii
one bed, set apart for hospital use. One sitting-room and a smok-
ing-room. Twenty-four sleeping-rooms, with twenty beds. One
bath-room, with hot and cold water. One water-closet; two privies.
Heating by steam. Lighting by oil. Complete separation of seies,
except at meals. Total number of inmates during year, seventeen ;
largest number at one time, fourteen ; smallest number, nine. Num-
ber at time of visitation, nine, viz., four men, four women, one boy.
Two men do general chores, one prepares vegetables; one woman
makes beds. Ages : one between 15 and 21 ; one between 21 and 30 ;
three between 60 and 70; three between 70 and 80; one between
80 and 90. All inmates permanent One death during past year.
One man mentally defective; one man a cripple. One boarder, a
woman. One hundred and three acres of land ; six acres ploughed ;
twenty acres tilled. Chief products : butter and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $8,300. Total annual cost,
$3,403.64; net, $2,883.81.

Boston. Population 670,585.
Long Island.

Inspoctod Norember 28, 1013.

Warden, Charles E. Donlan, M.D.; salary, $3,500; served here
five and one-half years; matron, Ellen H. Marshall; salary, $800;
served here three months; chief oflScer, Arthur P. Moran; salary,
$1,200; chief clerk, T. J. O'Donnell; salary, $1,200; resident physi-
cian, James S. Tomkies, M.D.; salary, $1,500. Sixty-four assist-
ants, thirty-three men and thirty-one women, paid by city. Warden
has separate building. Two buildings set apart for hospital use.
Five sitting-rooms, an assembly room, a smoking-room, and a
library of books. One hundred and sixty-three sleeping-rooms, six
dormitories and nineteen wards, with one thousand and seventeen
beds. Twelve bath-rooms, with thirty tubs and seven shower baths,
with hot and cold water. Sixty-one water-closets. Heating by
steam. Lighting by electricity. Complete separation of sexes.
Total number of inmates during year, two thousand, four hundred
and thirty-five; largest number at one time, one thousand and
thirty-four; smallest number, eight hundred and four. Number at
time of visitation, nine hundred and fifty-five, viz., four hundred
and ninety-one men, four hundred and thirty-two women, twelve
boys, twenty girls. Seven men work in engineering departnient;
five in carpenter department ; five in painting department ; four in



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Part III.] ALMSHOUSES. 11

bakery; four in storekeeper's department; two in mason depart-
ment; eight gardeners; eight work on farm; twelve in dining hall;
three on steamer " Hibbard; '^ three barbers; nine work in kitchen;
twenty-four in hospital; and one hundred and thirty-one men do
general inside work. Eight women work in dining hall; ten in
kitchen; twenty do hospital work, and seventy-eight do house work.
Ages : sixteen under 2 ; seven between 2 and 5 ; three between 5 and
15 ; six between 15 and 21 ; eighteen between 21 and 30 ; fifty-two
between 30 and 40 ; one hundred and sixty-nine between 40 and 50 ;
two hundred and twenty-seven between 50 and 60; two hundred
and seventy-six between 60 and 70; one hundred and twenty-four
between 70 and 80; fifiy-one between 80 and 90; six between 90
and 100. Nine hundred and twenty-three inmates permanent,
thirty-two temporary. Ninety-seven deaths during past year. One
hundred and seven men and seventy-nine women mentally defective ;
one hundred and sixty-six men and one hundred and twenty-nine
women crippled; nine men and sixteen women epileptics; seven men
and seventeen women blind. Seventy-four able-bodied inmates,
fifty-four men and twenty women, under sixty years of age. Twenty
men supported by the State; one man by Wakefield; one man by
Chelsea; three women by Everett; one man by Framingham; one
woman by Westfield; one woman and one boy by Haverhill; one
man by Stoneham ; one man by Lynn ; one girl by Gloucester ; one
man by Cambridge. Eighty-one consumptives, fifty-nine men and
twenty-two women, separated from other inmates, and receiving
special treatment and diet. Sixty nurses, ten men and fifty women.
One hundred and sixty-seven acres of land; twenty-five acres
ploughed ; one hundred and thirty-five acres tilled. Chief products :
milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $1,031,764.90. Total annual
cost, $200,955.85: net, $195,306.29. Cost of improvements and
repairs, $8,045.97.

Charlestown.

Inspected May 23, 1913.

Matron, Miss Mary Morris ; salary, $1,200 ; served here six years.
Eight assistants, four men and four women, paid by city. Matron
has three rooms and a bath-room. One sitting-room, a sewing-room,
and a smoking-room. Seventeen sleeping-rooms and two dormito-
ries, with one hundred and twenty-eight beds. Five bath-rooms,
with eight tubs, supplied with hot and cold water. Eleven water-
closets. Heating by steam. Lighting by electricity. Complete sep-
aration of sexes. Total number of inmates during year, one hun-
dred and sixty-six; largest number at one time, one hundred and
five; smallest number, eighty-five. Number at time of visitation,
ninety-one, viz., forty-three men, forty-eight women. Twenty-six



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12 STATE BOARD OF CHARITY. [P. D. 17,

men do general chores, ten do light chores^ twelve help in hoiue;
twenty women help with housework. Ages : one between 30 and 40 ;
three between 40 and 50 ; twenty-two between 50 and 60 ; thirty-one
between 60 and 70; twenty-six between 70 and 80; ei^t between
80 and 90. Seventy-nine inmates permanent, twelve temporary.
Two deaths during past year. One man and two women cripples;
one man and one woman blind. Thirty-six able-bodied inmates,
twenty-eight men and eight women, under sixty years of age. Four
acres of land ; two acres ploughed ; two acres tiUed. Chief products :
vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $28,864.46. Cost of improve-
ments and repairs, $371.13.

BoYLSTON. Population, 714.

Inapocted June 3, 1013.

Warden, William J. Aiken; matron, Mrs. Aiken; salary, $450;
served here two years and one month. One assistant, a man, paid
by town. Warden has five rooms. One smoking-room. Six sleep-
ing-rooms, with five beds. One bath-room, without direct supply of
water. Two privies. Heating by stoves. Lighting by oil. Total
number of inmates during year, four; largest number at one time,
four ; smallest number, two. Number at time of visitation, two men.
One man helps a little in the house. Ages : one between 40 and 50 ;
one between 50 and 60. Both inmates permanent. One death
during past year. One man blind; one man mentally defective and
crippled. Two tramps during year, separated from other inmates,
lodged, fed, not required to work. One hundred and two acres of
land; ten acres ploughed; thirty acres tilled. Chief products: milk
and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $3,056.37. Total annual cost,
$2,373.96 ; excess of receipts over expenditures, $9.87. Cost of im-
provements and repairs, $29.87.

Braintree. Population, 8,066.

Inspected February 13, 1913.

Warden, Daniel James ; matron, Mrs. James ; salary, $500 ;
served here ten weeks. Warden also serves as keeper of lockup. One
assistant, a woman, paid by town. Warden has eight rooms. One
room, with two beds, set apart for hospital use. One sitting-room
and a smoking-room. Fifteen sleeping-rooms, with twenty beds.
Two bath-rooms, with hot and cold water. Two water-closets ; three
privies. Heating by steam. Lighting by electricity. Complete
separation of sexes, except at meals. Total number of inmates
during year, six ; largest number at one time, six ; smallest number,
four. Number at time of visitation, five, viz., four men, one woman.



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Part III.] ALMSHOUSES. 13

One man helps with chorea. Ages: two between 50 and 60; one
between 60 and 70; one between 70 and 80; one between 80 and 90.
All inmates permanent. One man and one woman^ cripples; one
man blind. Nine acres of land ; one acre ploughed ; five acres tilled.
Chief products : milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $19,350. Total annual cost,
$2,595.09; net, $2,151.65.

Bbidgewatee. Population, 7,688.

Inspected February 11, 1913.

Matron, Mrs. Neil J. Deering ; salary, $450 ; served here eighteen
years. Matron has five rooms. Dining-room used as sitting-room.
One smoking-room. Six sleeping-rooms, with nine beds. One
bath-room, with hot and cold water. Two privies. Heating by
hot air. Lighting by oil. Sexes separated at night only. Total
number of inmates during year, nineteen; largest number at one
time, twelve; smallest number, six. Number at time of visitation,
six, viz., three men, three women. One man does light chores ; one
woman does chamber work and sweeps. Ages : one between 21 and
30; one between 50 and 60; two between 60 and 70; two between
70 and 80. All inmates permanent. One death during past year.
One woman a cripple ; one woman mentally defective and epileptic.
One hundred and ten acres of land; three acres ploughed; five
acres tilled. Chief products : milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $5,187. Total annual cost,
$1,732.69 ; net, $1,563.00.

Bbimfield. Population, 866.

Inspected June 30, 1913.

Warden, Wallace P. Moore; matron, Mrs. Moore. Warden rents
farm, paying $120 per year, and cares for inmates at the rate of
$3 per week. Served here four years and three months. Warden
has eleven rooms. One room, with one bed, set apart for hospital
use. One sitting-room. Eleven sleeping-rooms, with eight beds.
Heating by stoves and hot air. Lighting by oil. No inmates during
year. One tramp during the year, lodged, fed, not required to
work. Two hundred and tweniy-six acres of land; five acres
ploughed ; thirty acres tilled. Chief products : milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $4,431.55. Cost of improve-
ments and repairs, $90.31.

Brockton. Population, 56,878.

Inspected Norember 11, 1913.

Warden, William H. Brown ; matron, Mrs. Brown ; salary, $1,600 ;
served here nine years. Warden has charge of ciiy store, city gar-
bage collection, and delivers wood to outdoor poor, without extra



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14 STATE BOARD OF CHARITY. [P. D. 17.

compensation. Ten assistants, five men and five women, paid by
city. Warden has five rooms and a bath-room. Five rooms, with
five beds, and a separate bath-room, set apart for hospital use. One
sitting-room, two sun corridors, a sewing-room, a smoking-room, and
an assembly-room. Twenty-five sleeping-rooms and three dormi-
tories, with sixty-eight beds. Five bath-rooms, with hot and cold
water. Six water-closets. Heating by steam. Lighting by elec-
tricity. Complete separation of sexes. Total number of inmates
during year, eighty-six ; largest number at one time, sixty ; smallest
number, forty-four. Number at time of visitation, forty-four, viz.,
twenty-eight men, sixteen women. Four men do general farm work
and work in piggery, six do light chores, one works in house ; three
women do housework, four sew and mend. Ages: two between 30
and 40 ; four between 40 and 50 ; seven between 50 and 60 ; thirteen
between 60 and 70 ; sixteen between 70 and 80 ; two between 80 and
90. Thirty-four inmates permanent, ten temporary. Seven deaths
during past year. Two men and one woman mentally defective ; two
men cripples. Two able-bodied inmates, a man and a woman, imder
sixty years of age. Two boarders, a man and a woman. One hun-
dred and twenty-eight acres of land; eighteen acres ploughed;
thirty-five acres tilled. Chief products : milk, vegetables, and pork.
Valuation of almshouse property, $52,475. Total annual cost,
$19,378.54; net, $11,670.36. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$17,000.

Brookfield. Population, 2,204.

Infpeoted July 22. 1913.

Warden, Richard L. Wentworth; matron, Mrs. Wentworth; sal-
ary, $500 ; served here one year and three months. One assistant, a
man, paid by town. Warden has six rooms. One room, with one
bed, set apart for hospital use. One sitting-room, one smoking-
room, and a library of books. Twelve sleeping-rooms, with fourteen
beds. One bath-room, with hot and cold water. Two water-closets ;
two privies. Heating by steam. Lighting by oil. Total number
of inmates during year, ten; largest number at one time, nine;
smallest number, five. Number at time of visitation, seven men.
Two men do light chores, two help in house. Ages : two between 50
and 60 ; three between 60 and 70 ; one between 70 and 80 ; one be-
tween 80 and 90. All inmates permanent. One death during past
year. Two hundred and ninety-seven acres of land; twenty acres
ploughed ; twenty-five acres tilled. Chief products : milk and vege-
tables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $10,000. Total annual cost,
$2,986.58; net, $1,645.47.



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Part III.] ALMSHOUSES. 15



Brooklike. Population, 27,7W.

Inspected May 31, 1913.

Warden, Lorenzo D. Perkins; matron, Mrs. Perkins; salary,
$500; served here one month. Warden also has charge of hospital
of the board of health at a salary of $500. One assistant, a woman,
paid by town. Warden has five rooms and a bath-room. One room,
with two beds, set apart for hospital use. Two sitting-rooms.
Seven sleeping-rooms and two dormitories, with twenty beds. Four
bath-rooms, with hot and cold water. Pour water-closets ; one privy.
Heating by steam. Lighting by gas and electricity. Complete
separation of sexes. Total number of inmates during year, nine-
teen ; largest number at one time, seventeen ; smallest number, four-
teen. Number at time of visitation, seventeen, viz., fourteen men,
three women. Four men do general chores; three help inside;
women do no work. Ages : one between 21 and 30 ; one between 40
and 50 ; two between 50 and 60 ; six between 60 and 70 ; six between
70 and 80 ; one between 80 and 90. Seventeen inmates permanent.
Two men cripples. One acre of land; a small garden ploughed.
Chief products : vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $16,500. Total annual cost,
$4,951.56; net, $4,946.56. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$453.60.

BucKLAND. Population, 1,573.

Inspected September 16, 1913.

Warden, Thomas Beaupre; matron, Mrs. Beaupre; salary, $500;
served here one year and four months. Warden also has charge of
highways, without extra compensation. One occasional assistant, a
man, paid by town. Warden has six rooms and a bath-room. Din-
ing-room used as sitting-room. Sixteen sleeping-rooms, with seven
beds. One bath-room, with hot and cold water. One water-closet.
Heating by hot air. Lighting by oil. Total number of inmates
during year, three; largest number at one time, three; smallest
number, two. Number at time of visitation, two women, who do no
work. Ages: two between 80 and 90. Both inmates permanent.
One woman a cripple. Eighty acres of land ; four acres ploughed ;
fifteen acres tilled. Chief products : butter, vegetables, and apples.

Valuation of almshouse property, $3,800. Total annual cost,
$1,587.19; net, $178.98.

Cambridge. Population, 104,839.

Inspected October 17, 1913.

Warden, Charles E. Goodrow; matron, Mrs. Gtoodrow.; salary,
$1,500; served here ten years. Warden also has charge of city
garbage collection and delivery of supplies to outdoor poor, without



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16 STATE BOARD OF CHARITY. [P. D. 17.

extra compensation. Fifteen assistants, six men and nine women,
paid by city. Warden has eight rooms and a bath-room. One sep-
arate building, also three rooms in main building, with thirty-one
beds, set apart for hospital use. Two sitting-rooms, one sewing-
room, a smoking-room, and an assembly-room. Thirty-one sleeping-
rooms and three dormitories, with one hundred and seventy-seven
beds. Four bath-rooms and three shower baths, with hot and cold
water. Ten water-closets; one privy. Heating by steam. Light-
ing by gas and electricity. Complete separation of sexes. Total
number of inmates during year, three hundred and fifty; largest
number at one time, one hundred and ninety; smallest number, one
liimdred and fifty-seven. Number at time of visitation, one hun-
dred and ninety, viz., one hundred and eleven men, seventy-five
women, three boys, one girl. Four men do general farm work, seven
do light chores, four help in house; six women do general house-
work, five do sewing and mending. Ages : three under 2 ; one be-
tween 5 and 15; five between 21 and 30; ten between 30 and 40;
thirty between 40 and 50 ; forty-eight between 50 and 60 ; sixty-one
between 60 and 70; twenty-six between 70 and 80; six between 80
and 90. One hundred and sixty inmates permanent, thirty tempo-
rary. Thirty-eight deaths during past year. One man and four
women epileptics; one man a cripple; two women blind; one man
mentally defective and deformed. Fourteen able-bodied inmates,
men, under sixty years of age. Two boarders, one man and one
woman. Five nurses, one man and four women. Twenty-five acres
of land; fourteen acres ploughed; one acre tilled. Chief products:
vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $81,700. Total annual cost,
$31,859.52; net, $26,619.01. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$475.

Canton. Population, 4,797.

Inspected November 10, 1013.

Warden, Albert F. Reynolds; matron, Mrs. Reynolds; salary,
$500 ; warden served here fourteen years, matron, ten yeaxs. One
assistant, a man, paid by town. Warden has five rooms and a bath-
room. One room, with one bed, set apart for hospital use. Dining-
room used as sitting-room. One smoking-room. Nineteen sleeping-
rooms, with twenty-four beds. Two bath-rooms, with hot and cold
water. Two water-closets ; one privy. Heating by steam. Lighting
by electricity. Complete separation of sexes. Total number of
inmates during year, fourteen; largest number at one time, thir-
teen; smallest number, eleven. Number at time of visitation,
twelve, viz., seven men, five women. Three men do general chores,
one helps in house ; one woman prepares vegetables, two wash dishes
and care for own rooms. Ages : ttiree between 40 and 50 ; <me be-



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Part III.] ALMSHOUSES. 17

tween 50 and 60 ; five between 60 and 70 ; one between 70 and 80 ;
two between 80 and 90. All inmates permanent. One death during
past year. One man and one woman mentally defective ; one man
and one woman cripples ; one man mentally defective and a cripple ;
one woman deformed and mentally defective. One boarder, a
woman. One man and one woman supported by Norwood; two
men and one woman supported by Walpole. District nurse on call.
"Forty acres of land; eleven acres ploughed; fourteen acres tilled.
Chief products: milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $17,000. Total annual cost,
$3,077.18; net, $1,451.38. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$100.

Carlisle. Population, 551.

Inspected September 29, 1013.

Warden, Frank A. Hannaford; matron, Mrs. Hannaford; salary,
$343 ; served here two years and five months. One occasional assist-
ant, a man, paid by town. Warden has five rooms. Dining-room
used as a sitting-room. One smoking-room and a library of books.
Four sleeping-rooms, with five beds. Two privies. Heating by
stoves. Lighting by oil. Sexes separated at night only. Total
number of inmates during year, five ; largest number at one time,
five; smallest number, two. Number at time of visitation, four,
viz., two men, two women. One man does general chores and helps
with washing; two women help a little with housework. Ages: one
between 50 and 60; one between 70 and 80; two between 80 and
90. All inmates permanent. One man and one woman mentally
defective. One hundred and fifiy-six acres of land; six acres
ploughed; twenty acres tilled. Chief products: milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $1,878.40. Total annual cost,
$2,152.94; net, $|219.32. Cost of improvements and repairs, $44.89.

Charlton. Population, 3,032.

Inspected April 1. 1918.

This almshouse is managed by an association known as the
Charlton Almshouse Association, and is used in common by the
towns of Auburn, Charlton, Hardwick, Holden, Hubbardston,
Leicester, Oakham, Paxton, Phillipston, Princeton, Rutland, Wales,
and Westminster. Warden, Orrin L. Potter; matron, Mrs. Potter;
salary, $650 ; served here six years. Four assistants, two men and
two women, paid by association. Warden has six rooms and a bath-
room. Two sitting-rooms. Fifteen sleeping-rooms and one dormi-
tory, with twenty-seven beds. Two bath-rooms, with hot and cold
water. Three water-closets; one privy. Heating by stoves, hot
water, and steam. Lighting by oil. Complete separation of sexes.



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18 STATE BOARD OF CHARITY. [P. D. 17.

Total number of inmates during year, thirty-one; largest number
at one time^ eighteen; smallest number, sixteen. Number at time
of visitation, fourteen, viz., nine men, five womML Two men help
with bam diores, one helps in house; one woman cares for sick
woman. Ages: one between 21 and 30; one between 30 and 40;
one between 40 and 50 ; two between 50 and 60 ; five between 60 and
70; two between 70 and 80; two between 80 and 90. All inmates
permanent. Eight deaths during past year. Two men mentally
defective; one man epileptic; two men cripples. Three men and
one woman supported by Hubbardston ; one woman by Auburn ; one
man by Rutland ; one man by Princeton ; one man by Holden ; two
men by Westminster; one woman by Paxton; one man and one
woman by Leicester ; one man by Charlton. Two hundred acres of
land; nineteen acres ploughed; fourteen acres tilled. Chief pro-
ducts : milk and v^etables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $10,000. Total annual cost,
$7,024.94; net, $3,282.29, of which Auburn paid $254.89 ; Charlton,
$329.11; Hardwick, $89.89; Holden, $247.16; Hubbardstcm,
$360.85; Leicester, $599.25; Paxton, $201.91; Princeton, $201.91;
Rutland, $246.32 ; Westminster, $751.



Chelmsford. Population, 5,010.

Inapeoted Maroh 19, 1913.

Warden, Waldo Hannaford; matron, Mrs. Hannaford; salary,
$400 ; served here six years. One assistant, a woman, paid by town.
Warden has six rooms and a bath-room. Dining-room used as sit-
ting-room. Ten sleeping-rooms, with sixteen beds. One bath-room,
with hot and cold water. One water-closet. Heating by steam.
Lighting by gas. Sexes separated at night only. Total number of
inmates during year, twelve; largest number at one time, eleven;
smallest number, nine. Number at time of visitation, nine, viz.,
five men, four women. One man does bam chores; one woman does
housework ; one helps with sewing. Ages : one between 50 and 60 ;
two between 60 and 70; one between 70 and 80; five between 80
and 90. All inmates permanent. One woman mentally defective;
two men blind. Foriy-five acres of land; ten acres ploughed;
twenty acres tilled. Chief products : milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $7,836.75. Total annual cost,
$2,904.35; net, $1,547.81.



Chester. Population, 1,377.

(See Huntington.)



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Part III.] ALMSHOUSES. 19



Chicopbb. Population, 26,401.

Inspected January 10, 1013.

Warden, Charles E. Butler; matron, Mrs. Butler; salary, $660;
served here thirteen years. Four assistants, one man and three
women, paid by city. Warden has four rooms and a bath-room.
One room, with three beds, set apart for hospital use. One sitting-
room and a smoking-rom. Twenty-three sleeping-rooms, with forty-



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