Massachusetts. State Board of Charity.

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five beds. One bath-room, with hot and cold water. Seven water-
closets. Heating by steam. Lighting by electricity. No separation
of sexes. Total number of inmates during year, sixty ; largest num-
ber at one time, thirty-six; smallest number, thirty. Number at
time of visitation, thirty-two, viz., twenty men, twelve women.
Five men do light chores, one helps inside. Ages: one between 21
and 30; one between 40 and 50; six between 50 and 60; nine be-
tween 60 and 70 ; six between 70 and 80 ; nine between 80 and 90.
Twenty-seven inmates permanent, five temporary. Eight deaths
during past year. One man and two women mentally defective;
two men and two women cripples; one woman crippled, mentally
defective, and epileptic. Two able-bodied inmates, men, under sixty
years of age. Eighteen acres of land; four acres ploughed; eight
acres tilled. Chief products : milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $22,000. Total annual cost,
$6,867.53; net, $6,679.89.



Clinton. Population, 13,075.

Inspected April 15, 1913.

Warden, John B. Gallagher; salary, $700; matron, Mrs. Galla-
gher; salary, $100; served here two years. Warden also serves as
agent of Overseers of the Poor, and delivers wood to outdoor poor.
Two assistants, women, paid by town. Warden has ten rooms and a
bath-room. One room, with two beds, set apart for hospital use.
One sitting-room and a smoking-room. Thirty-one sleeping-rooms,
with thirty-one beds. Two bath-rooms, with hot and cold water.
Pour water-closets. Heating by steam. Lighting by electriciiy.
Complete separation of sexes, except at meals. Total number of
inmates during year, twenty-five ; largest number at one time, four-
teen; smallest number, twelve. Number at time of visitation,
fourteen, viz., eight men, six women. Two men work at wood pile,
two help in house; all women care for own rooms, two do washing,
and three iron. Ages : one between 30 and 40 ; two between 40 and
50; one between 60 and 60; two between 60 and 70; five between
70 and 80; three between 80 and 90. All inmates permanent. Two
deaths during past year. One man and one woman mentally de-



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20 STATE BOARD OF CHARITY. [P. D. 17.

fective. District nurse on call. Fourteen acres of land; a small
garden ploughed. Chief products : milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $10,000. Total annual cost,
$5,135.91; net, $5,117.66. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$251.41.

CoHASSET. Population, 2,686.

Inspected May 19. 1918.

Warden, James H. Pinkham; matron, Mrs. Pinkham; salary,
$600; served here two and one-half years. Warden has six rooms
and a bath-room. Two rooms, with four beds, set apart for hospital
use. Two sitting-ro<»ns and a smoking-ro(»n. Eighteen sleeping-
rooms, with eighteen beds. Two bath-rooms, with hot and cold
water. Four water-closets. Heating by steam. Lighting by elec-
tricity. Complete separation of sexes, except at meals. Total
number of inmates during year, thirteen; largest number at one
time, twelve; smallest number, eight. Number at time of visita-
tion, eight, viz., three men, five women. One man does light chores;
two women help with housework. Ages: two between 21 and 30;
one between 60 and 70; three between 70 and 80; two between 80
and 90. Seven inmate permanent, one temporary. Two deaths
during past year. One man and two women mentdly defective ; one
man and one woman blind. Two boarders, women. One woman
supported by Provincetown. One nurse, a woman. Forty-five acres
of land ; two acres ploughed ; two acres tilled. Chief products : milk
and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $26,000. Total annual cost,
$3,046.13; net, $2,672.28.

Concord. Population, 6,421.

Inspected May 22. 1918.

Warden, Michael J. Maguire; matron, Mrs. Maguire; salary,
$700 ; served here two years. One assistant, a man, paid by town.
Warden has six rooms and a bath-room. One room, with one bed,
set apart for hospital use. One sitting-room, also used as a smok-
ing-room. Nine sleeping-rooms, with nine beds. One bath-room,
with hot and cold water. Three water-closets. Heating by hot
water. Lighting by electricity. Sexes separated at night only.
Total number of inmates during year, twelve; largest number at
one time, ten ; smallest number, eight. Number at time of visita-
tion, eight, viz., six men, two women. One man helps in house and
with washing, one helps with bam chores; one woman helps with
housework. Ages : three between 60 and 70 ; ttiree between 70 and
80; two between 80 and 90. All inmates permanent One death
during past year. One woman a cripple ; two men blind. Trained



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Part III.] ALMSHOUSES. 21

nurse employed in sickness. Seventy-five acres of land; ten acres
ploughed; sixty acres tilled. Chief products: milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $16,500. Total annual cost,
$4,601.94; net, $1,633.14. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$856.41.

Conway. Population, 1,230.

iDBpeoted September 17, 1913.

Warden, Orville Bush; matron, Mrs. Bush; salary, $400; served
here six months. One assistant, a girl, paid by warden. Warden
has five rooms. One sitting-room. Five sleeping-rooms, with four
beds. Two privies. Heating by stoves. Lighting by oil. Total
number of inmates during year, four; largest number at one time,
four; smallest number, two. Number at time of visitation, two
men. Inmates do no work. Ages : one between 70 and 80 ; one be-
tweeu 80 and 90. Both inmates permanent Two deaths during
past year. One man a cripple. One hundred acres of land; five
acres ploughed; thirty acres tilled. Chief products: milk and
vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $2,961. Total annual cost,
$1,624.15; net, $371.28. Cost of improvements, $53.25.

Dana. Population, 736.

Inspected October 13, 1913.

Warden, Joseph Ohelifoux; matron, Mrs. Chelifoux; salary,
$360 ; served here three and one-half years. Warden has five rooms.
Dining-room used as sitting-room. Five sleeping-rooms, with seven
beds. One privy. Heating by stoves. Lighting by oil. No sep-
aration of sexes. Total number of inmates during year, six; largest
number at one time, six; smallest number, three. Number at time
of visitation, three, viz., two men, one woman. Inmates do no
work. Ages : one between 60 and 70 ; two between 70 and 80. All
inmates permanent. One death during past year. One woman men-
tally defective; one man a cripple. One hundred and forty-three
acres of land; seven acres ploughed; twelve acres tilled. Chief
products : cream and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $3,050. Total annual cost,
$1,403.60; net, $672.17. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$129.48.

Dartmouth. Population, 4,378.

Inspected July 2, 1913.

Warden, Nahum P. Nickelson; matron, Mrs. Nickelson; salary,
$600; served here one year. Two assistants, one man and one
woman, paid by town. Warden has five rooms. One room, with five
beds, set apart for hospital use. Dining-room used as sitting-room.



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22 STATE BOARD OF CHARITY. [P. D. 17.

Seven sleeping-rooms, with fifteen beds. Two bath-rooms, with hot
and cold water. Two water-closets. Heating by steam. Lighting
by oil. Complete separation of sexes. Total number of inmates
during year, fourteen; largest number at one time, nine; smallest
mmiber, six. Number at time of visitation, six, viz., five men, one
woman. One man does barn chores, one hdps with housework, one
takes care of bath-room. Ages: one between 50 and 60; three be-
tween 60 and 70 ; one between 70 and 80 ; one between 80 and 90.
All inmates permanent. Two men mentally defective, one woman
blind. Seventy-five acres of land; four acres ploughed; twenty
acres tilled. Chief products : milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $14,500. Total annual cost,
$3,520.47; net, $2,065.57. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$192.15.

Deoham. Population, 9,284.

Inspected Mardx 11, 1913.

Warden, Benjamin Turner; matron, Mrs. Turner; salary, $650;
served here three years. Warden also delivers wood to outdoor poor,
without extra compensation. One assistant, a woman, paid by town.
Warden has six rooms and a bath-room. One room, with one bed,
set apart for hospital use. One sitting-room and a smoking-room.
"Twelve sleeping-rooms, with fifteen beds. Two bath-rooms, with
hot and cold water. Four water-closets. Heating by hot water.
Lighting by electricity. Complete separation of sexes, except at
meals. Total number of inmates during year, twenty ; largest num-
ber at one time, eleven; smallest nimiber, ten. Number at time of
visitation, eleven, viz., seven men, four women. One man a team-
ster; two women do light work. Ages: one between 30 and 40;
one between 40 and 50 ; two between 50 and 60 ; two between 60 and
70 ; four between 70 and 80 ; one between 90 and 100. All inmates
permanent. One man mentally defective ; two men and two women
cripples. Two boarders, one man and one woman. District nurse
on call. Ten acres of land ; seven acres ploughed. Chief products :
milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $10,850. Total annual cost,
$4,145.06; net, $1,023.89. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$93.52.

Deerfield. Population, 2,209.

Inspected September 16, 1013.

Warden, Henry N. Young; matron, Mrs. Young; salary, $325;
served here one year and ten months. One assistant, a man, paid
by town. Warden has five rooms. One sitting-room. Seven sleep-
ing-rooms, with five beds. Two privies. Heating by stoves. Light-
ing by oil. Separation of sexes at night only. Total number of



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Part III.] ALMSHOUSES. 23

inmates during year^ two; largiest number at one time^ two; smallest
nnmber, two. Number at time of visitation, two, viz., one man, one
woman. Man does chores; woman helps with housework. Ages:
one between 50 and 60; one between 70 and 80. Both inmates
permanent. One man mentally defective. One hundred acres of
land ; five acres ploughed ; thirty acres tilled. Chief products : milk
and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $6,031.40. Total annual cost,
$998.64; net, $618.65. Cost of improvements and repairs, $120.



Dennis. Population, 919.

Inspeoted November 24, 1918.

Warden, John W. Ellis ; matron, Mrs. Ellis ; salary, $300 ; served
here six weeks. Warden also acts as janitor of town house,
without extra compensation. Warden has three rooms. Dining-
room used as sitting-room. One smoking-room. Nine sleeping-
rooms, with nine beds. Three privies. Heating by stoves. Lighting
by oil. Sexes separated at night only. Total number of inmates
during year, seven; largest number at one time, seven; smallest
number, five. Number at time of visitation, five, viz., one man, four
women. One man does chores ; one woman washes dishes, one does
general housework. Ages: two between 40 and 50; one between 60
and 70; one between 70 and 80; one between 80 and 90. All in-
mates permanent. Two deaths during past year. One woman men-
tally defective ; one woman epileptic and mentally defective. Forty
acr^s of land ; a small garden ploughed. Chief products : eggs and
poultry.

Valuation of almshouse property, $2,000. Total annual cost,
$1,189.25; net, $1,133.06. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$67.86.

Douglas. Population, 2,152.

Inspeeted July 16, 1913.

Warden, Alonzo S. Potter; matron, Mrs. Potter; salary, $375;
served here three and one-half years. Warden also cares for a sec-
tion of town highway, without extra compensation. Two assistants,
one man and one woman, paid by town. Warden has four rooms.
One smoking-room. Six sleeping-rooms, with six beds. One bath-
room, without direct water supply. Two privies. Heating by
stoves. Lighting by oil. Complete separation of sexes, except at
meals. Total number of inmates during year, eight ; largest number
at one time, five ; smallest number, three. Number at time of visita-
tion, five, viz., three men, two women. One man does light chores ;
one woman helps with housework. Ages : one between 40 and 50 ;
two between 60 and 70 ; one between 70 and 80 ; one over 100. All



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24 STATE BOARD OF CHARITY. [P. D. 17.

inmates permanent. Two deaths during past year. One man and
one woman mentally defective; one man and one woman crippled.
One able-bodied inmate^ a man^ under sixty years of age. One
hundred and seventy acres of land; seven acres ploughed; twenty-
five acres tilled. Chief products : milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $4,864.48. Total annual cost,
$2,112.49 ; net, $952.83. Cost of improvements and repairs, $195.48.

DuxBURY. Population, 1,688.

Inspected February 5, 1013.

Warden, Herbert Packard; matron, Mrs. Packard; salary, $250;
served here two and three-quarters years. Warden has three rooms.
Dining-room used as sitting-room; warden's sitting-room also used
by inmates. Ten sleeping-rooms, with ten beds. One bath-room,
with hot and cold water. Two water-closets. Heating by hot air
and hot water. Lighting by oil. Sexes separated at night only.
Total number of inmates during year, seven ; largest number at one
time, six; smallest number, four. Number at time of visitation,
four, viz., two men, two women. Ages: one between 60 and 70;
two between 70 and 80 ; one between 80 and 90. All inmates perma-
nent. One death during past year. One woman mentally defective
and crippled. Eight acres of land ; a small garden ploughed. Chief
products : vegetables and poultry.

Valuation of almshouse property, $4,525. Total annual cost,
$1,029.75; net, $761.38. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$156.27.

East Beidgewater. Population, 3,363.

Inspected March 4, 1913.

Warden, George W. Tinkham; matron, Mrs. Tinkham; salary,
$450 ; served here one and one-half years. One assistant, a woman,
paid by town. Warden has five rooms. One sitting-room and a
smoking-room. Twelve sleeping-rooms, with twelve beds. Two
bath-rooms, with hot and cold water. Two water-closets ; one privy.
Heating by hot air. Lighting by oil. Complete separation of eexes.
Total number of inmates during year, six; largest number at one
time, six; smallest number, three. Number at time of visitation, ^

three, viz., two men, one woman. Two men do chores. Ages : one
between 50 and 60 ; one between 60 and 70 ; one between 80 and 90.
All inmates permanent. Two deaths during past year. One man
and one woman mentally defective. Nineiy acres of land; seven
acres ploughed; forty acres tilled. Chief products: milk and
vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $6,000. Total annual cost,
$2,563.13; net, $1,721.01.



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Part III.] ALMSHOUSES. 25



Easthampton. Population, 8,524.

loBpeoted September 18, 1913.

Warden, Frederick L. Frost; matron, Mrs. Frost; salary, $760;
served here one and one-half years. Two assistants, men, paid by
town. Warden has six rooms. One sitting-room. Fourteen sleep-
ing-rooms, with fourteen beds. One bath-room, with hot and cold
water. One water-closet; two privies. Heating by steam. Light-
ing by oil. Complete separation of sexes, except at meals. Total
number of inmates during year, twenty; largest number at one time,
nine; smallest number, five. Number at time of visitation, seven,
viz., six men, one woman. One man cares for hens and works in
garden, two help with washing, one helps in house; one woman wipe^
dishes and cares for dining-room. Ages: one between 50 and 60;
four between 60* and 70; two between 70 and 80. All inmates per-
manent. One death during past year. One man mentally defective ;
two men cripples. One hundred and thirty-three acres of land;
seventeen acres ploughed ; fifty acres tilled. Chief products : milk
and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $7,000. Total annual cost,
$3,041.27; net, $1,257.53.



Easton. Population, 5,139.

Inspected July 9, 1918.

Warden, Charles Scott ; matron, Mrs. Scott ; salary, $600 ; served
here eleven years and three months. Two assistants, one man and
one woman, paid by town. Warden has six rooms. Dining-room
used as sitting-room. Twelve sleeping-rooms, with thirteen beds.
One bath-room, with hot and cold water. Two water-closets; one
privy. Heating by steam. Lighting by oil. Sexes separated at
night only. Total number of inmates during year, nine; largest
number at one time, nine; smallest number, seven. Number at
time of visitation, eight, viz., one man, seven women. One man
does light chores ; two women do housework, one sews and mends.
Ages: one between 30 and 40; three between 60 and 70; two be-
tween 70 and 80 ; two between 80 and 90. All inmates permanent.
One woman mentally defective ; one woman a cripple. One hundred
and forty acres of land; seven acres ploughed; thirty acres tilled.
Chief products: milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $6,535. Total annual cost,
$3,842.64; net, $2,449.45. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$388.41.



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26 STATE BOARD OF CHARITY. [P. D. 17.



Essex. Population, 1,621.

Inspooted Jumtfy 1, 1918.

Warden, Patrick Warren; matron, Mrs. Warren; salary, $460;
served here five years. Warden also has charge of water supply for
cottages on town land, without extra compensation. Two assistants,
one man (occasionally) and one woman, paid by town. Warden has
five rooms. One room, with one bed, set apart for hospital use.
One sitting-room and a smoking-room. Twelve sleeping-rooms,
with twelve beds. Two bath-rooms, with hot and cold water. Four
water-closets. Heating by steam. Lighting by electricity. Com-
plete separation of sexes. Total number of inmates during year,
ten; largest number at one time, eight; smallest number, seven.
Number at time of visitation, seven, viz., five men, two women. One
man does chores; one woman helps with housework. Ages: one
between 30 and 40 ; one between 60 and 70 ; three between 70 and
80; one between 80 and 90; one between 90 and 100. Seven in-
mates permanent, one temporary. One death during past year.
One man and one woman mentally defective; one man blind. One
consumptive, a man, separated from the other inmates, and receiv-
ing special treatment and diet. One himdred and fifty-eight acres
of land; five acres ploughed; seven acres tilled. Chief products:
milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $17,404.74. Total annual cost,
$4,261.69; net, $122.21. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$409.23.

Fairhaven. Population, 6,122.

Inspected August 27, 1913.

Warden, John J. Eldredge; matron, Mrs. Eldredge; salary, $600;
served here five years and five months. Warden also drives school
barge for which he receives an additional compensation of $20 per
month during school terms. One assistant, a woman, paid by town.
Warden has four rooms and a bath-room. One room, with one bed,
set apart for hospital use. One sitting-room, a smoking-room, and
a library of books. Eleven sleeping-rooms, with eleven beds. Two
bath-rooms, with hot and cold water. Three water-closets. Heating
by steam. Lighting by oil. Complete separation of sexes, excq)t
at meals. Total number of inmates during year, twelve; larg«?t
number at one time, eleven; smallest number, nine. Number at
time of visitation, nine, viz., three men, five women, one boy. Two
men do general chores; one woman does housework, three help a
little. Ages: one between 2 and 5; one between 30 and 40; three
between 50 and 60; two between 60 and 70; one between 70 and
80; one between 80 and 90. Seven inmates permanent, two tem-



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Part III.] ALMSHOUSES. 27

poraiy. Three deaths during past year. Two men and two women
mentally defective; one woman a cripple; one man mentally defec-
tive and crippled. One able-bodied inmate, a woman, under sixty
years of age. One boarder, a woman. Thirteen acres of land;
three acres ploughed; six acres tilled. Chief products: milk and
vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $20,000. Total annual cost,
$2,108.87; net, $1,149.77.



Fall Eiver. Population, 119,295.

Inspected July 24, 1913.

Warden, Andrew J. Dolan; salary, $900; matron, Mrs. Dolan;
salary, $450; served here eight years. Seventeen assistants, thirteen
men and four women, paid by city. Warden has separate cottage,
with eight rooms and a bath-room. Separate building containing
five vmrds, with sixty-six beds, set apart for hospital use. Four
sitting-rooms, a nursery, and a smoking-room. Forty-seven sleeping-
rooms and five dormitories, with two hundred and twenty-six beds.
Five bath-rooms, with hot and cold water. Twenty-one water-
dosets; four privies. Heating by steam. Lighting by electricity.
Complete separation of sexes. Total number r of inmates during
year, three hundred and thirty; largest number at one time, two
hundred and twenty-nine; smallest number, one hundred and
ninety-six. Number at time of visitation, one hundred and ninety-
eight, viz., eighty-seven men, one himdred and two women, three
boys, six girls. Six men do general farm work, fourteen work in
house, eight do light chores; eight women help with housework;
foTir do sewing and mending. Ages: four imder 2; two between
2 and 5; three between 15 and 21; nine between 21 and 30; eleven
between 30 and 40; nineteen between 40 and 50; thirty-four be-
tween 50 and 60; seventy-two between 60 and 70; forty between
70 and 80; four between 80 and 90. One hundred and seventy-
six inmates permanent, twenty-two temporary. Twenty deaths dur-
ing past year. Five men and seven women mentally defective;
one man and five women epileptic; twelve men and seven women
cripples; two men and two women blind. Twenty-eight able-
bodied inmates, twelve men and sixteen women, under sixty years
of age. Six boarders, one man and five women. Five nurses, one
man and four women. Forty-two and one-half acres of land;
twenty acres ploughed; twenty acres tilled. Chief products: milk,
vegetables, poultry, and hay.

Valuation of almshouse property, $51,000. Total annual cost,
$51,182.35; net, $45,373.34.



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28 STATE BOARD OF CHARITY, [P. D. 17.



Falmouth. Popnlation, 34^-

loBpeoted Auguit 8, 1913.

Warden, Frank L. Evans; matron, Mrs. Evans; salary, $400;
served here seven months. Warden has six rooms. One room, with
two beds, set apart for hospital use. Two sitting-rooms and a
smoking-room. Thirteen sleeping-rooms, with thirteen beds. One
bath-room, with hot and cold water. Two water-closets. Heating
by hot water. Lighting by electricity and oil. Sexes separated at
night only. Total number of inmat^ during year, sixteen ; largest
number at one time, twelve; smallest number, nine. Number at
time of visitation, ten, viz., five men, five women. One man does
general chores and helps in house, one does bam chores; one woman
helps with housework, one helps with housework and does sewing.
Ages: one between 30 and 40; three between 60 and 70; two be-
tween 70 and 80 ; three between 80 and 90 ; one between 90 and 100.
All inmates permanent. Two deaths during past year. One woman
mentally defective; one man and one woman cripples; one man
blind. One boarder, a man. Fifteen acres of land; two acres
ploughed ; ten acres tilled. Chief products : milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $5,000. Total annual cost,
$1,872.85 ; net, $1,545.46. Cost of improvements and repairs, $380.



FiTCHBUBG. Population, 37,826.

Inspected April 16, 1913.

Warden, Ezra Coleman; salary, $750; matron, Mrs. Coleman;
salary, $300; served here nine years. Warden also manages city
store and delivers supplies to outdoor poor; additional compensa-
tion, $300. Six assistants, three men and three women, paid by
city. Warden has six rooms and a bath-room. Two rooms, with
six beds, set apart for hospital use. Women use corridors as sitting-
room. One smoking-room. Sixty-one sleeping-rooms, with sevenly-
nine beds. Four bath-rooms, with hot and cold water. Eight
water-closets. Heating by hot water and steam. Lighting by elec-
tricity. Complete separation of sexes. Total number of inmates
during year, fifty-two ; largest number at one time, forty-six ; small-
est number, thirty. Number at time of visitation, thirty-five, viz.,
tweniy-five men, nine women, one girl. Six men do general farm
work and chores, one works inside ; two women help with housework.
Ages : one under 2 ; one between 30 and 40 ; five between 40 and 50 ;
three between 50 and 60 ; twelve between 60 and 70 ; eight between
70 and 80; five between 80 and 90. Thirty-four inmates perma-
nent, one temporary. Three deaths during past year. One man
and one woman mentally defective. Two nurses, one man and one



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Part m.] ALMSHOUSES. 29

woman. Eighty-nine acres of land; fourteen acres ploughed;



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