Massachusetts. State Board of Charity.

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thirty-five acres tilled. Chief products : milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $47,901.89. Total annual cost,
$10,643.66; net, $9,004.23. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$336.22.

FoxBOROUGH. Population, $3,863.

Inspected March 18, 1913.

Warden, Harry E. Begor; matron, Mrs. Begor; salary, $500;
served here four years. One assistant, a man, paid by town. War-
den has five rooms. One room, with one bed, set apart for hospital
use. One sitting-room. Nine sleeping-rooms, with nine beds. One
bath-room, with hot and cold water. One water-closet. Heating
by stoves and hot water. Lighting by oil. Complete separation of
sexes, except at meals. Total number of inmates during year,
twenty; largest number at one time, eight; smallest number, seven.
Number at time of visitation, eight, viz., two men, four women, one
boy, one girl. One man brings in wood and cares for hens; one
does bam chores ; one woman washes dishes and cares for own room,
one does housework. Ages : one under 2 ; one between 2 and S ; two
between 30 and 40 ; one between 40 and 50 ; one between 50 and 60 ;
one between 60 and 70 ; one between 70 and 80. Six inmates per-
manent, two temporary. Two women mentally defective; one man
epileptic and crippled. One able-bodied inmate, a woman, under
sixty years 6f age. One hundred and eighteen acres of land; ten
acres ploughed ; sixty acres tilled. Chief products : milk and vege-
tables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $10,000. Total annual cost,
$3,994.97; net, $1,988.02. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$100.

Pramingham. Population, 12,948.

Inspected May 7, 1913.

Warden, Arthur F. Hurder; matron, Mrs. Hurder; salary, $780;
served here one year and one month. Three assistants, one man and
two women, paid by town. Warden has eight rooms and a bath-
room. Two rooms, with two beds, set apart for hospital use. One
sitting-room, a smoking-room, and a reading-room, with a library
of books. Twenty sleeping-rooms, with thirty-two beds. One bath-
room, with cold water only. One water-closet ; two privies. Heat-
ing by steam. Lighting by electricity. Complete separation of
sexes, except at meals. Total number of inmates during year,
thirty-eight; largest number at one time, twenty-two; smallest num-
ber, fifteen. Number at time of visitation, sixteen, viz., fourteen
men, two women. Three men do general chores, two help in house,
one cares for sick, one helps with washing; one woman mends.



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30 STATE BOARD OF CHARITY. [P. D- 17.

Ages : one between 21 and 30 ; one betwe¬Ђi 40 and 50 ; three be-
tween 60 and 60 ; two between 60 and 70 ; six between 70 and 80 ;
three between 80 and 90. Fifteen inmates permanent, one tempo-
rary. Three deaths during past year. Two men mentally defec-
tive ; one man and two women cripples ; one man mentally defective
and crippled. One able-bodied inmate, a man, under sixty years
of age. Eighty acres of land; twenty-five acres ploughed; twenty
acres tilled. Chief products : milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $13,800. Total annual cost,
$7,229.39; net, $4,721.16. Cost of improvements and repairs, $300.

Franklin. Population, 5,641.

Inspected April 3, 1913.

Warden, Frank Barry; matron, Mrs. Barry; salary, $500; served
here one week. One assistant, a woman, paid by town. Warden has
six rooms and a bath-room. Two rooms, with two beds, set apart
for hospital use. One sitting-room and a smoking-room. Twelve
sleeping-rooms, with twelve beds. Two bath-rooms, with hot and
cold water. Three water-closets. Heating by steam. Lighting by
oil. Complete separation of sexes, except at meals. Total number
of inmates during year, nine; largest number at one time, nine;
smallest number, four. Number at time of visitation, five, viz., three
men, two women. One woman helps a little. Ages: one between
40 and 50; one between 50 and 60; one between 70 and 80; two
between 80 and 90. All inmates permanent. Four deaths during
past year. One man mentally defective and a cripple; one woman
mentally defective. One himdred and five acres of land; fourteen
acres ploughed ; twenty-five acres tilled. Chief products : milk and
vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $14,000. Total annual cost,
$2,892.54; net, $2,217.42. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$100.

Gardner. Population, 14,699.

Inspected November 19, 1913.

Warden, Horace A. Austin; matron, Mrs. Austin; salary, $600;
served here one year and two months. Warden also delivers wood
to outdoor poor, without extra compensation. Two assistants, a
man and a woman, paid by town. Warden has six rooms and a
bath-room. One room, with one bed, set apart for hospital use. One
sitting-room and a smoking-room. Eight sleeping-rooms, and two
dormitories, with twenty-nine beds. Two bath-rooms, with hot and
cold water. Four water-closets. Heating by steam. Lighting by
electricity. Complete separation of sexes. Total number of inmatefi
during year, thirty-two; largest number at one time, twenty-four;
smallest number, eighteen. Number at time of visitation^ eighteen.



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Part III.] ALMSHOUSES. 31

viz., eleven men, seven women. Two men do general farm work,
three help with washing, one does bam chores, one helps in house;
all women care for own rooms, one washes and wipes dishes. Ages :
one between 21 and 30 ; three between 50 and 60 ; eight between 60
and 70; three between 70 and 80; three between 80 and 90. All
inmates permanent. Two deaths during past year. One man men-
tally defective ; two men and one woman cripples ; one woman men-
tally defective and crippled. Two boarders, one man and one
woman, the latter partly paying. Four hundred acres of land;
ten acres ploughed; thirty-five acres tilled. Chief products: milk
and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $19,191.84. Total annual cost,
$7,172.54; net, $5,409.43.

Geokgetown. Population, 1,958.

Inspected June 27. 1013.

AVarden, William T. Illsley ; matron, Mrs. lUsley ; salary, $387.50 ;
served here four and one-half years. Two assistants, one man, in
summer, and one woman, paid by town. Warden has six rooms.
One smoking-room. Eight sleeping-rooms, with seven beds. One
bath-room, without direct supply of water. Two privies. Heat-
ing by stoves and hot water. Lighting by oil. Sexes separated
at night only. Total number of inmates during year, eight ; largest
number at one time, six; smallest number, five. Number at time
of visitation, six, viz., five men, one woman. Two men do general
chores, one helps in house. Ages : one between 30 and 40 ; one be-
tween 50 and 60 ; two between 60 and 70 ; one between 70 and 80 ;
one between 80 and 90. All inmates permanent. Two deaths dur-
ing past year. One man mentally defective. One boarder, a man.
One hundred and twenty acres of land ; ten acres ploughed ; twenty-
five acres tilled. Chief products : milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $6,311.21. Total annual cost,
$1,779.79; net, $385.80. Cost of improvements and repairs, $60.

Gloucester. Population, 24,898.

Inspected August 22, 1013.

Matron, Mrs. William E. McDonald; salary, $600; served here
eight and one-half years. Matron also superintends delivery of
wood to outdoor poor, without extra compensation. Pour assistants,
women, paid by city; one man, paid by matron. Matron has six
rooms and a bath-room. Brick building, with two wards and two
rooms, with eleven beds, set apart for hospital use. One sitting-
room and a smoking-room. Thirty-eight sleeping-rooms and one
dormitory, with fifty-eight beds. Pour bath-rooms, with hot and
cold water. Pive water-closets; three privies. Heating by steam.



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32 STATE BOARD OF CHARITY. [P. D. 17.

Lighting by electricity. Complete separation of sexes. Total num-
ber of inmates during year^ one hundred and twenty-five; largest
number at one time^ sixty; smallest number^ thirty-eight Number
at time of visitation, fif ly-five, viz., thirty-two men, twenty women,
three girls. Four men do general chores, one works in house, three
do general farm work; four women do housework, one does sewing
and mending. Ages: two under 2; one between 15 and 21; two
between 21 and 30 ; two between 30 and 40 ; four between 40 and
50 ; eight between 50 and 60 ; seventeen between 60 and 70; thirteen
between 70 and 80; six between 80 and 90. Forty-nine inmates
permanent, six temporary. Nine deaths during past year. Three
men, two women, and one girl mentally defective; three men crip-
ples ; three men blind ; one man and one woman mentally defective
and cripples. Three able-bodied inmates, two men and one woman,
under sixty years of age. One boarder, a man. Two consumptives,
men, separated from other inmates, and receiving special treatment
and diet. Two nurses, women. Twenty-three acres of land ; three
and one-half acres ploughed; thirteen acres tilled. Chief products:
milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $23,000. Total annual cost,
$10,484.38; net, $9,878.52. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$600.

Grafton. Population, 5,705.

Inspected Mwoh 0, 1913.

Warden, Eichard T. Kelley; matron, Mrs. Kelley; salary, $600;
served here ten months. Two assistants, one man and one woman,
paid by town. Warden has nine rooms. One room, witti one bed,
set apart for hospital use. One sitting-room and a smoking-room.
Sixteen sleeping-rooms, with twenty-three beds. Two bath-rooms,
with hot and cold water. Two water-closets; two privies. Heating
by steam. Lighting by oil. Complete separation of sexes, except
at meals. Total number of inmates during year, thirty-ei^t;
largest number at one time, fourteen; smallest number, twelve.
Number at time of visitation, thirteen, viz., nine men, four women.
Three men do general chores, two help in house; two women help
with housework. Ages: one between 30 and 40; one between 50
and 60; four between 60 and 70; four between 70 and 80; three
between 80 and 90. Twelve inmates permanent, one temporary.
One woman mentally defective ; three men cripples ; one man blind.
One boarder, a man. One hundred and four acres of land; twoity
acres ploughed; 30 acres tilled. Chief products: milk and vege-
tables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $12,110.50. Total annual cost,
$5,848.25; net, $2,202.35. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$1,160.68.



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Part III.) ALMSHOUSES. 33



G9EENFIELD. Population, 10,437.

Inspected September 15, 1913.

Warden, Justus W. Stetson ; matron, Mrs. Stetson ; salary, $700 ;
served here five and one-half years. Two assistants, one man and
one woman, paid by town. Warden has six rooms and a bath-room.
One room, with one bed, set apart for hospital use. One sitting-
room, a reception-room, and a smoking-room. Eighteen sleeping-
rooms, with eighteen beds. Two bath-rooms, with hot and cold
water. Two water-closets. Heating by hot air. Lighting by elec-
tricity. Total number of inmates during year, thirteen; largest
number at one time, thirteen ; smallest number, eleven. Number at
time of visitation, eleven men. Two men do general chores, one
cares for hens, two help in care of inmates^ part. Ages : one between
50 and 60 ; three between 60 and 70 ; five between 70 and 80 ; two
between 80 and 90. All inmates permanent. One man mentally
defective ; two men cripples. Trained nurse on call. One hundred
and twenty acres of land ; twenty-three acres ploughed ; eleven acres
tilled. Chief products: milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $12,000. Total annual cost,
$3,707.62; net, $1,703.92. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$150.

Greenwich. Population, 452.

Inspected October 13. 1013.

Warden, Fred M. Thrasher; matron, Mrs. Thrasher; salary,
$350 : served here eight and one-half years. One occasional assist-
ant, a man, paid by town. Warden has five rooms. Dining-room
used as sitting-room. Four sleeping-rooms, with four beds. Four
privies. Heating by stoves and hot air. Lighting by oil. No sep-
aration of sexes. Total number of inmates during year, four;
largest number at one time, four; smallest number, two. Number
at time of visitation, two, viz., one man, one woman. Woman helps
with housework. Ages: one between 21 and 30; one between 80
and 90. Both inmates permanent. Two deaths during past year.
One man a cripple. One able-bodied inmate, a woman, under sixty
years of age. One hundred and sixty acres of land; seven acres
ploughed ; twenty-five acres tilled. Chief products : milk and vege-
tables.

Valuation of almshouse propertv, $3,995. Total annual cost,
$1,684.71 ; net, $297.91.



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34 STATE BOARD OF CHARITY. [P. D. 17.



Groton. Population, 2,155.

Inspocted November 13, 1913.

Warden, Robert S. Trask; matron, Mrs. Trask; salary, $700;
served here two years and seven months. Warden has five rooms.
One sitting-room and a smoking-room, also a library of books.
Twelve sleeping-rooms, with twelve beds. Two bath-rooms, with
hot and cold water. Four water-closets. Heating by steam. Light-
ing by oil. Complete separation of sexes, except at meals. Total
number of inmates during year, ten; largest number at one time,
eight; smallest number, six. Number at time of visitation, seven,
viz., three men, four women. One man does general chores, one
does light chores; two women do housework. Ages: one between
50 and 60; two between 60 and 70; two between 70 and 80; two
between 80 and 90. All inmates permanent One man and two
women mentally defective ; one man and two women cripples. One
hundred and sixty-nine acres of land; twenty acres ploughed; twenty
acres tilled. Chief products : milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $7,000. Total annual cost,
$3,025.67; net, $1,072.76.

Groveland. Population, 2,253.

Inspected June 27, 1913.

Warden, George E. Hills; matron, Mrs. Hills; served here seven
years. Warden rents farm and boards the inmates. Warden
has seven rooms. Dining-room used as sitting-room. Nine sleep-
ing-rooms, with nine beds. One bath-room, without direct supply
of water. Two privies. Heating by stoves and hot water. Lift-
ing by oil. Total number of inmates during year, six; largest
number at one time, five; smallest number, three. Number at time
of visitation, three men. One man does light chores. Ages: one
between 60 and 70 ; one between 70 and 80 ; one between 80 and 90.
All inmates permanent. Two deaths during past year. Two men
mentally defective. One hundred acres of land; nine acres
ploughed ; thirty acres tilled. Chief products : milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $6,500. Total annual cost,
$3,327.67 ; net, $2,861.48. Cost of improvements and repairs, $125.

Hanover. Population, 2,326.

Inspected June 24, 1913.

Warden, Fred W. Curtis; matron, Mrs. Curtis; salary, $420;
served here three months. Warden also serves as keeper of lockup,
with no extra compensation. Warden has six rooms* One sitting-
room and a smoking-room. Eight sleeping-rooms, with eight beds.



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Part m.] ALMSHOUSES. 35

Three privies. Heating by stoves. Lighting by oil. Sexes sep-
arated at night only. Total number of inmates during year, seven;
largest number at one time, seven; smallest number, four. Number
at time of visitation, four, viz., two men, two women. One man does
light chores ; one woman helps with housework. Ages : one between
50 and 60 ; one between 70 and 80 ; two between 80 and 90. All
inmates permanent. Onie death during past year. One woman
mentally defective; one woman a cripple. Twenty and one-half
acres of land; five acres ploughed; fourteen acres tilled. Chief
products: strawberries, vegetables, and milk.

Valuation of almshouse property, $3,650. Total annual cost,
$1,845.98; net, $1,611.83. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$155.83.

Hanson. Population, 1,854.

Inspected June 11. 1913.

Warden, Charles E. Felch; matron, Mrs. Felch; salary, $360;
served here two months. Warden has five rooms and a bath-room.
Two sitting-rooms. Nine sleeping-rooms, with nine beds. One
bath-room, with hot and cold water. Two water-closets. Heating
by steam. Lighting by oil. Total number of inmates during year,
four; largest number at one time, four; smallest number, four.
Number at time of visitation, four women. Two women help with
housework. Ages : two between 50 and 60 ; one between 60 and 70 ;
one between 70 and 80. All inmates permanent. One woman men-
tally defective; one woman epileptic; two women cripples. Fifty-
eight acres of land; five acres ploughed; fifteen acres tilled. Chief
products : milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $6,400. Total annual cost,
$1,548.21; net, $1,116.05.

Harvard. Population, 1,034.

Inspected November 15, 1913:

Warden, Harris A. Steele; matron, Mrs. Steele; salary, $400;
served here one year and seven months. Warden has four rooms.
Dining-room used as sitting-room. Twelve sleeping-rooms, with
six beds. Two privies. Heating by stoves. Lighting by oil. Sexes
separated at night only. Total number of inmates during year,
three; largest number at one time, three; smallest number, one.
Number at time of visitation, three, viz., two men, one woman. Two
men do light work. Ages: one between 60 and 70; two between
70 and 80. All inmates permanent. One woman mentally defective
and blind. One hundred and twenty-one acres of land ; sixteen acres
ploughed ; thirty acres tilled. Chief products : milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $2,400. Total annual cost,
$2,083.68; net, $441.99.



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36 STATE BOARD OF CHARITY. [P. D. 17.



Harwich. Population, 2,115.

Inspected NoTen^>er 24. 1913.

Warden, Albert Hall; matron, Mrs. Hall; salary, $250; servied
here seventeen years. Warden has four rooms. One sitting-room.
Thirteen sleeping-rooms, with fourteen beds. One bath-room,
without direct supply of water. Two privies. Heating by stoves.
Lighting by oil. Sexes separated at night only. Total number
of inmates during year, eight; largest number at one time, eight;
smallest number, seven. Number at time of visitation, seven, viz.,
three men, three women, one girl. One man does light chores, one
chops wood and helps with washing; one repairs chairs; one woman
helps a little with housework. Ages: one between 5 and 15; one
between 40 and 50; one between 50 and 60; two between 60 and 70;
one between 70 and 80 ; one between 80 and 90. Six inmates per-
manent, one temporary. One death during past year. One man
and one woman mentally defective ; one man a cripple. One tramp
during year, separated from other inmates, lodged, fed, not required
to work. Ten acres of land; one acre ploughed. Chief products:
pork and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $1,190. Total annual cost,
$1,228.06; net, $1,020.06. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$214.22.

Haverhill. Population, 44,115.

Inspected October 6, 1913.

Warden, Louis D. Savage; matron, Mrs. Savage; salary, $1,500:
served here twenty-six and one-half years. Warden also has charge
of city wood yard and of certain city streets, without extra compen-
sation. Fourteen assistants, four men and ten women, paid by city.
Warden has eight rooms and a bath-room. Four wards and twelve
rooms, with sixty-four beds, and an operating room, set apart for
hospital use; also four rooms, with eight beds, for contagious dis-
eases. One sitting-room, a smoking-room, and an assembly-room.
Seventy-two sleeping-rooms and one dormitory, with one hundred
and twenty-one beds. Seven bath-rooms, with hot and cold water.
Thirteen water-closets. Heating by steam. Lighting by electricity.
Complete separation of sexes. Total number of inmates during year,
one hundred and seventy-eight; largest number at one time, one
hundred and ten ; smallest number, eighty-two. Number at time of
visitation, ninety, viz., sixty men, twenty-nine women, one girl. Ten
men do general farm work, six do light chores, nine help inside;
four women do general housework, three sew and mend, four work
in laundry. Ages : one under 2 ; two between 21 and 30 ; six between
30 and 40; eleven between 40 and 50; sixteen between 50 and 60;
twenty-five between 60 and 70 ; nineteen between 70 and 80 ; ten



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Partlll.l ALMSHOUSES. 37

between 80 and 90. Eighty-two inmates permanent, eight tem-
porary. Three men and two women mentally defective; <me man
and three women cripples ; four men and one woman blind. Fifteen
able-bodied inmates, twelve men and three women, under sixty years
of age. Three boarders, one man and two women. Sixteen nurses,
women. One hundred and twenty acres of land; twenty acres
ploughed ; seventy-five acres tilled. Chief products : milk and veg-
etables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $58,575. Total annual cost,
$23,855.16; net, $20,759.70. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$1,118.87.

HiNGiiAM. Population, 4,965.

Inspeoted April 21. 1913.

Warden, Charles A. Rockwell; matron, Mrs. Rockwell; salary,
$700: served here two years. Two assistants, one man and one
woman, paid by town. Warden has six rooms and a bath-room.
One smoking-room. Twelve sleeping-rooms, with sixteen beds.
Two bath-rooms, with hot and cold water. Two water-closets; two
privies. Heating by steam. Lighting by oil. Complete separation
of sexes, except at meals. Total number of inmates during year,
fifteen; largest number at one time, fourteen; smallest number,
eleven. Number at time of visitation, eleven, viz., seven men, four
women. One man does bam chores; one tends heater; two women
wash dishes and do light work. Ages : two between 30 and 40 ;
one between 40 and 50; two between 50 and 60; three between 60
and 70; three between 70 and 80. All inmates permanent. One
man and one woman mentally defective ; one man and one woman
epileptic; one man a cripple. Seventeen acres of land; six acres
ploughed ; ten acres tilled. Chief products : milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $24,399.55. Total annual cost,
$4,505.91; net, $2,771.71. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$802.72.

HoLDEN. Population, 2,147.

(Bee Charlton.)

HoLLisTON. Population, 2,711.

Inspected April 25. 1913.

Warden, Stephen Barton; matron, Mrs. Bartoii; salar}% $550;
served here one year, nine months. Warden has six rooms and a
bath-room. One room, with two beds, set apart for hospital use.
One sitting-room and a smoking-room. Thirteen sleeping- rooms,
with seventeen beds. No bath-room. Four privies. Heating by
steam. Lighting by oil. Complete separation of sexes. Total
number of inmates during year, twenty-four; largest number at
one time, fifteen; smallest number, eleven. Number at time of



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38 STATE BOARD OF CHARITY. [P. D. 17.

visitation, eleven, viz., nine men, two women. One man does gen-
eral chores ; four help in honse ; two women help a little with house-
woric. Ages: one between 40 and 50; one between 50 and 60; two
two between 60 and 70 ; four between 70 and 80 ; three between 80
and 90. All inmates permanent Three deaths during past year.
Three men mentally defective; three men and one woman cripples.
Seven tramps during year, separated from other inmates, fed, but
not lodged or required to work. Thirty-one acres of land ; Beven
acres ploughed; six acres tilled. Chief products: milk and vege-
tables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $5,600. Total annual cost,
$2,243.54; net, $1,936.72. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$31.80.

HoLYOKE. Population, 57,730.

Impectod Janiury 10. 1913.

Warden, John J. O^Connor; salary, $1,000; matron, Mrs. O'Con-
nor; salary, $500; served here seven years. Sixteen assistants,
eight men and eight women, paid by ciiy. Warden has eight rooms
and a bath-room. Six wards and four rooms, with thirty-five beds,
set apart for hospital use. Pour sitting-rooms, a smoking-room, and
an assembly-room. Twenty-four sleeping-rooms and three dormi-
tories, with one hundred and twenty-one beds. Ten bath-rooms and
a shower bath, with hot and cold water. Twelve water-closets.
Heating by hot air and steam. Lighting by electricity. Complete
separation of sexes. Total number of inmate during year, three
hundred and fifty-three; largest number at one time, one hundred
and forty-two; smallest number, one hundred and two. Number
at time of visitation, one hundred and thiriy-three, viz., eighty-
three men, forty-seven women, o*ne boy, two girls. Six men do
^neral farm work, ten do light chores, ten help in house, eight
help in laundry: ten women help with housework, two sew and
mend, four work in laundry. Ages: one between 6 and 15; two be-
tween 15 and 21 ; five between 21 and 30; ten between 30 and 40;



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