Massachusetts. State Board of Charity.

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fifteen between 40 and 50 ; thirty-one between 50 and 60 ; twenty-
nine between 60 and 70; thirty-four between 70 and 80; six be-
tween 80 and 90. Ninety-two inmates permanent, forty-one tem-
porary. Sixfy-two deaths during past year. Two men and three
women mentally defective ; four men and five women cripples ; two
men blind. Twenty-one able-bodied inmates, fifteen men and six
women, under sixty years of age. One boarder, a woman. One
man and one woman supported by the State. Three nurses, women.
Seventy-eight acres of land; thirty acres ploughed; forty acres
tilled. Chief products : milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $67,150. Total annual cost,
$25,970.63; net, $24,127.65. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$26,347.



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Part m.] ALMSHOUSES. 39



HoPKiNTON. Population, 4,452.

Ixwpeoted March 1. 1913.

Warden, Fred L. Hawkins; matron, Mrs. Hawkins; salary, $575 ;
served here four years. One assistant, a woman, paid by town.
Warden has four rooms and a bath-room. Dining-room used as
sitting-room. One smoking-room. Six sleeping-rooms and one
dormitory, with seventeen beds. Two bath-rooms, with hot and
cold water. Two water-closets; one privy. Heating by hot water.
Lighting by oil. Complete separation of sexes. Total number of
inmates during year, twenty-eight; largest number at one time,
fourteen; smallest number, nine. Number at time of visitation,
twelve, viz., nine men, three women. Three men do general chores;
one woman washes dishes and makes beds. Ages : one between 40
and 60 ; two between 60 and 60 ; four between 60 and 70 ; four be-
tween 70 and 80; one between 80 and 90. Eleven inmates perma-
nent, one temporaiy. One death during past year. Two women
mentally defective; two men cripples. One boarder, a man. One
hundred and twenty-two acres of land; two acres ploughed; thirty
acres tilled. Chief products : milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $16,113.60. Total annual cost,
$2,762.47 ; net, $1,782.66. Cost of improvements and repairs, $75.

HuBBARDSTON. Population, 1,073.

(See Charlton.)

Hudson. Population, 6,743.

Inspeoted Juha 22, 1913.

Warden, Enos H. Brown; matron, Mrs. Brown; salary, $600;
served here nine months. Three assistants, one man occasionally
and two women, paid by town. Warden has eight rooms and a bath-
room. One sitting-room and a smoking-room. Twenty-one sleep-
ing-rooms, with seventeen beds. Two bath-rooms, with hot and cold
water. Two water-closets. Heating by steam. Lighting by oil.
Complete separation of sexes, except at meals. Total number of
inmates during year, twenty-three ; largest number at one time, thir-
teen; smallest number, eleven. Number at time of visitation, eleven,
viz., seven men, four women. Two men do light chores ; one woman
does a little sewing. Ages : one between 50 and 60 ; one between 60
and 70 ; seven between 70 and 80 ; two between 80 and 90. All in-
mates permanent. One death during past year. One man mentally
defective; one man a cripple. One boarder, a woman. Eighty-four
acres of land; six acres ploughed; twenty acres tUled. Chief
products : milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $12,500. Total annual cost,
$3,518.16 ; net, $2,912.87. Cost of improvements and repairs, $600.



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40 STATE BOARD OF CHARITY. [P. D. 17.



Huntington. Population, 1,473.

lospected October 9. 1913.

Almshouse used in common by Huntington and Chester. War-
den, Peter McLean; matron, Mrs. McLean; salary, $525; served
here three years and seven months. Warden has six rooms. Din-
ing-room used as sitting-room. Six sleeping-rooms, with nine beds.
Two privies. Heating by stoves. Lighting by oil. No separation
of sexes. Total number of inmates during year, six ; largest number
at one time, five ; smallest number, three. Number at time of visita-
tion, four, viz., two men, two women. One man helps with chores
and brings in fuel ; women do no work. Ages : one between 40 and
50 ; two between 60 and 70 ; one between 80 and 90. All inmate
permanent. One death during past year. One man epileptic ; one
woman a cripple. One boarder, a man. Two men supported by
Huntington; two women by Chester. Two hundred acres of land;
six acres -ploughed ; twenty-five acres tilled. Chief products : milk
and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $5,126.30. Total annual cost,
$1,789.34; net, $726.49.



s. Ipswich. Population, 5,777.

Inspected September 25, 1013.

Warden, J. Howard Gidney ; matron, Mrs. Gidney ; salary, $600 ;
served here one year and nine months. Two assistants, one man
and one woman, paid by town. Warden has four rooms and a bath-
room. Dining-room used as sitting-room. Ten sleeping-rooms,
with nine beds. One bath-room, with hot and cold water. One
water-closet; two privies. Heating by hot air. Lighting by oil.
Complete separation of sexes, except at meals. Total number of
inmates during year, ten: largest number at one time, eight;
smallest number, five. Xumber at time of visitation, eight, viz.,
five men, three women. Two men do chores; one woman helps a
little. Ages: three between 50 and 60; two between 60 and 70;
three between 70 and 80. Seven inmates permanent, one temporary.
One woman mentally defective; one man a cripple; one woman
blind. One consumptive, a woman, separated from other inmates,
and receiving special treatment and diet. Three hundred and
sixty-five acres of land; forty acres ploughed; forty acres tilled.
Chief products: milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $30,000. Total annual cost,
$3,941.75; net, $2,651.54.



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Part III.] ALMSHOUSES. 41



Lancaster. Population, ^,464.

Inspected June 22, 1913.

Warden, Humphrey Dyment; matron, Mrs. Dyment; salary,
$500 ; served here three months. Two assistants, one man and one
woman, paid by town. Warden has five rooms and a bath-room.
One room, with one bed, set apart for hospital use. Dining-room
used as sitting-room. One smoking-room. Twenty sleeping-rooms,
with twenty beds. Two bath-rooms, with hot and cold water. Two
water-closets. Heating by steam. Lighting by oil. Complete
separation of sexes. Total number of inmates during year, eight;
largest number at one time, eight; smallest number, six. Number
at time of visitation, six, viz., two men, four women. Two men do
light chores; two women help with housework. Ages: one between
21 and '^0 ; one between 40 and 50 ; two between 60 and 70 ; two be-
tween 90 and 100. All inmates permanent. One death during past
year. One man and one woman mentally defective; one woman a
cripple; two women blind. One nurse, a woman. Thirty acres of
land ; fourteen acres ploughed ; fifteen acres tilled. Chief products :
milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $34,450. Total annual cost,
$6,127.25; net, $3,379.71. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$482.32.

Lawrence. Population, 85,992.

Inspected September 22, 1913.

Warden, John S. Todd; matron, Mrs. Todd; salary, $2,500;
served liere nine months. Warden is also alderman and director of
public health and charities. Head nurse, Mrs. Delia Belle Isle;
salary, $720 ; served here one and one-half years. Eight assistants,
five men and three women, paid by city. Warden has ten rooms
and a bath-room. Twelve rooms, four wards, with fifty-nine beds,
and an operating room, set apart for hospital use. Two sitting-
rooms, two sewing-rooms, two smoking-rooms, and two reception-
rooms. Sixty-one sleeping-rooms and four dormitories, with two
bundled and eighteen beds. Twelve bath-rooms and shower-bath,
with hot and cold water. Sixteen water-closets. Heating by hot
air. Lighting by gas and electricity. Complete separation of sexes.
Total number of inmates during year, five hundred and eighty-one ;
largest number at one time, two hundred and nineteen; smallest
number, one hundred and thirty-one. Number at time of visitation,
one hundred and fifty, viz., sixty-two men, seventy-five women,
eight boys, five girls. Six men do general farm work, four do light
chores, five help in houpe; thirteen women help with housework,
four do sewing and mending. Ages : five under 2 ; four between 2
and 5; four between 5 and 15; tMenty-one between 21 and 30;



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42 STATE BOARD OF CHARITY. [P. D. 17.

twenty-four between 30 and 40; thirty-five between 40 and 50;
tweniy between 60 and 60; twenty-five between 60 and 70; twelve
between 70 and 80. One hundred and forty inmates permanent, ten
temporary. Thirty-seven deaths during past year. Three men and
two women mentally defective ; one woman epileptic ; two men and
one woman cripples; one woman blind; one woman epileptic and
crippled. Twenty-five able-bodied inmates, fifteen men and ten
women, under sixty years of age. Nine boarders, four men and five
women. Eight nurses, women. Thirty-seven acres of land ; twenty
acres ploughed; sixteen acres tilled. Chief products: milk, vege-
tables, and pork.

Valuation of almshouse property, $153,425. Total annual cost,
$30,471.88; net, $24,181.77. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$1,527.82.

Lee. Population, 4,106.

Inspected April 30. 1013.

Warden, Edward H. Kline; matron, Mrs. Kline; salary, $600;
served here one week. Warden also drives hearse, and has care of
bridges and sluices, without extra compensation. Two assistants,
one man and a woman occasionally, paid by town. Warden has six
rooms and a bath-room. Two sitting-rooms and a smoking-room.
Thirteen sleeping-rooms, with fifteen beds. Two bath-rooms, with
hot and cold water. Two water-closets. Heating by steam. Light-
ing by electricity. Complete separation of sexes. Total number of
inmates during year, thirteen; largest number at one time, twelve;
smallest number, nine. Number at time of visitation, nine, viz.,
three men, six women. One man does bam chores, one does light
chores ; two women help with housework. Ages : one between 21 and
30 ; one between 40 and 50 ; two between 50 and 60 ; three between
60 and 70; one between 80 and 90; one between 90 and 100. All
inmates permanent. One woman mentally defective; one woman
a cripple; one man blind; one woman epileptic and mentally de-
fective. District nurse on call. Thirty-three acres of land; eight
acres ploughed; sixteen acres tilled. Chief products: milk, vege-
tables, and pork.

Valuation of almshouse property, $15,000. Total annual cost,
$3,111 ; net, $3,111.

Leicester. Population, 3,237.

(See Charlton.)

Leominster. Population, 17,580.

Inspected July 14. 1913.

Warden, Charles E. Hoyt; matron, Mrs. Hoyt; salary, $650;
served here three years and three months. Two assistants, one man
and one woman, paid by town. Warden has five rooms and a bath-



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Part m.] ALMSHOUSES. 43

room. One sitting-room and a smoking-room. Twenty-two sleep-
ing-rooms, with twen<y-two beds. One bath-room, with hot and cold
water. Three water-closets. Heating by steam. Lighting by oil.
Complete separation of sexes. Total number of inmates during
year, twenty-three ; largest number at one time, fourteen ; smallest
number, nine. Number at time of visitation, nine, viz., eight men,
one woman. One man does light chores, one helps in house. Ages :
one between 30 and 40 ; three between 50 and 60 ; two between 60
and 70; two between 70 and 80; one between 80 and 90. Eight
inmates permanent, one temporary. Two men and one woman men-
tally defective. One consumptive, a man, not separated from other
inmates, but receiving special treatment. Ninety-three acres of
land; eighteen acres ploughed; thirty-two acres tilled. Chief prod-
ucts : milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $13,000.00. Total annual cost,
$5,148.06; net, $2,648.98. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$802.87.

Lexington. Population, 4,918.

Inspected Januaiy 31, 1013.

Warden, Bobert H. White; matron, Mrs. White; salary, $600;
served here twenty-nine years. Warden also has charge of town
roads, without extra compensation. Two assistants, a man paid by
town and a woman paid by warden. Warden has five rooms. Din-
ing-room used as sitting-room. One smoking-room. Twelve sleep-
ing-rooms, with ten beds. One bath-room, with hot and cold water.
One water-closet; one privy. Heating by steam. Lighting by elec-
tricity. Complete separation of sexes, except at meals. Total
number of inmates during year, five; largest number at one time,
five; smallest number, four. Number at time of visitation, four,
viz., one man, three women. One man helps with farm work; one
woman helps with housework, two care for their own rooms. Ages :
one between 21 and 30 ; two between 70 and 80 ; one between 80 and
90. All inmates permanent. One woman mentally defective and
crippled. One boarder, a woman. District nurse on call. Twenty-
five acres of land; six acres ploughed; ten acres tilled. Chief
products : milk and vegetables.

Vakiation of almshouse property, $8,000. Total annual cost,
$2,787.17; net, $1,258.40. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$157.30.

Lowell. Population, 106,294.

Inspected September 11, 1913.

Warden, Michael J. Dowd; matron, Mrs. Dowd; salary, $1,500;
served here one year and two months. Assistant, John J. Mahoney ;
salary, $750. Warden is also general superintendent of charities
under City Charity Board. Eighteen assistants, twelve men and



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44 STATE BOARD OF CHARITY. [P. D. 17.

six women, paid by city. Warden has ten jooms and a bath-room.
Four wards and four rooms, with sixty-two beds, in separate build-
ing, and four wards, with thirty-eight beds, in main building, set
apart for hospital use. Six sitting-rooms and a sewing-room. Three
smoking-rooms and an assembly-room. Separate cottage used as
nursery. One hundred and thirty-one sleeping-rooms and five dor-
mitories, with four hundred and sixty beds. Five bath-rooms and
a shower-bath, with hot and cold water. Thirty-six water-closets;
one privy. Heating by steam. Lighting by electricity. Complete
separation of sexes. Total number of inmates during year, one
thousand two hundred and eighty ; largest nimiber at one time, four
hundred and sixty-seven ; smallest number, three hundred and fif ^-
six. Number at time of visitation, three hundred and ninety, viz.,
one hundred and ninety-four men, one hundred and ninety-one
women, three boys, two girls. Fifteen men work in male hospital,
nineteen do chores about buildings, sixteen work on farm, three
work in bakery, two in boiler house, three in storehouse, nine in
laundry, three in institution kitchen, eight in male infirmary, one
does painting, one works in barber shop, one in shoe shop, one a
blacksmith, one in wood yard; eighteen women work in almshouse
department, ten in women's hospital, seven in women's infirmary,
eight in laundry, five in sewing-room, eight in institution kitchen.
Ages : three under 2 ; one between 2 and 5 ; one between 5 and 15 ;
six between 21 and 30 ; twenty-four between 30 and 40 ; forty-seven
between 40 and 50 ; one hundred and one between 50 and 60 ; one
hundred and eleven between 60 and 70 ; eighty between 70 and 80 ;
sixteen between 80 and 90. Two hundred and sixty-four inmates
permanent, one hundred and twenty-six temporary. Seven men
and twenty-eight women mentally defective; one man and one
woman epileptic; seventeen men and twenty-two women cripples.
Twenty-two able-bodied inmates, fourteen men and eight women,
under sixty years of age. Nine boarders, five men and four women.
Five consumptives, three men and two women, partly separated
from other inmates, and receiving special treatment and diet. Ei^t
nurses, three men and five women. Ninety-three acres of land;
thirty acres ploughed ; thirty-five acres tilled. CJiief products : milk
and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $227,000. Total annual cost,
$60,301.07; net, $47,980.33. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$7,000.

LuxENBURG. Population, 1,393.

Inspected September 10, 1913.

Warden, Arthur W. Rockwood; matron, Mrs. Rockwood; salary,
$450; sened here eleven and one-half years. One assistant, a
woman, paid by warden. Warden has six rooms. One sitting-room.



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Part III.] ALMSHOUSES. 45

Eleven sleeping-rooms, with nine beds. One bath-room, with hot
and cold water. One water-closet ; two privies. Heating by steam.
Lighting by oil. Sexes separated at night only. Total number of
inmates during year, ten ; largest number at one time, nine ; smallest
number, seven. Number at time of visitation, seven, viz., four men,
three women. One man does light chores, one does general chores ;
one woman helps with housework. Ages : one between 30 and 40 ;
one between 40 and 50 ; one between 60 and 70 ; one between 70 and
80; three between 80 and 90. All inmates permanent. One man
and one woman mentally defective; one man a cripple. Thirty-
three acres of land ; five acres ploughed ; twelve acres tilled. Chief
products: milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $6,027.32. Total annual cost,
$2,247.68 ; net, $1,093.66.

Lynx. Population, 89,330.

Inspected February 10. 1013.

Warden, Henry H. Richardson ; salary, $800 ; matron, Mrs. Rich-
ardson ; salary, $400 ; served here six months. Nine assistants, five
men and four women, paid by city. Warden has nine rooms and
a bath-room. Four rooms, with twelve beds, set apart for hospital
use. Five sitting-rooms, two sewing-rooms, one smoking-room and
an assembly-room. Forty-two sleeping-rooms and two dormitories,
with one hundred and forty-rthree beds. Six bath-rooms and one
shower, with hot and cold water. Nineteen water-closets. Heating
by steam. Lighting by gas. Complete separation of sexes. Total
number of inmates during year, one hundred and eighty-one; larg-
est number at one time, one hundred and one; smallest number,
eighty-seven. Number at time of visitation, ninety-eight, viz.,
fifty-four men, forty-two women, one boy, one girl. Six men do
general farm work ; ten do light chores ; ten help inside ; five women
do housework, two sew and mend, four help in laundry. Ages : one
under 2 ; one between 2 and 5 ; one between 21 and 30 ; five between
30 and 40 ; eight between 40 and 50 ; fourteen between 50 and 60 ;
thirty-one between 60 and 70; twenty-seven between 70 and 80;
eight between 80 and 90; two between 90 and 100. Eighty-one
inmates permanent, seventeen temporary. Twenty-three deaths
during past year. One man and two women mentally defective;
two men and two women cripples; two men blind. Fifteen able-
bodied inmates, men, under sixty years of age. Two boarders, one
man and one woman. Two nurses, one man and one woman. Forty-
five acres of land ; twelve acres ploughed ; sixteen acres tilled. Chief
products : milk, hay, and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $110,000. Total aimual cost,
$16,567.29; net, $14,947.52. Cost of improvements^ and repairs,
$666.45.



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46 STATE BOARD OF CHARITY. [P. D. 17.



Malden. Population, 44,404.

Inspected January 2, 1913.

Warden, Anthony Humphries; matron, Mrs. Humphries; salary,
$800: served here three and one-half years. Four assistants, two
men and two women, paid by city. Warden has seven rooms and a
bath-room. One detadied ward, with five beds, set apart for hospi-
tal use. One reading-room, witii a library of books, and one smok-
ing-room. Twenfy-one sleeping-rooms and five dormitories, with
sixty beds. Three bath-rooms, with hot and cold water. Six water-
closets; one privy. Heating by steam. Lighting by electricity.
Complete separation of sexes. ' Total number of inmates during
year, seventy-nine; largest number at one time, forty-two; smallest
number, thirty. Number at time of visitation, thirty-nine, viz.,
twenty-one men, eighteen women. One man cares for horse, one does
painting and general repair work, four do light chores; two women
do dishes, two do sewing and mending. Ages : one between 21 and
30 ; two between 40 and 50 ; seven between 60 and 60 ; eighteen be-
tween 60 and 70 ; eight between 70 and 80 ; two between 80 and 90;
one between 90 and 100. Thirty-eight inmates permanent, one
temporary. Nine deaths during past year. One man and one
woman mentally defective; two men and one woman cripples; one
man blind ; one man blind and crippled. Two able-bodied inmates,
men, under sixty years of age. One man supported by Everett;
three men by Chelsea; one woman by Ayer. Two nurses, one man
and one woman. Twenty acres of land; eleven acres ploughed;
one acre tilled. Chief products: milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $34,000. Total annual cost,
$9,592.49; net, $7,703.66. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$812.66.

Manchester. Population, 2,673.

Inspected Aucust 23. 1913.

Warden, AVilbur B. Page; matron, Mrs. Page; salary, $600;
served here seven and one-half years. Warden has five rooms and a
bath-room. One room, with one bed, set apart for hospital use.
Dining-room used as sitting-room. A library of books. Six sleep-
ing-rooms, with ten beds. One bath-room, with hot and cold water.
One water-closet ; one privy. Heating by steam. Lighting by elec-
tricity. Sexes separated at night only. Total number of inmates
during year, nine ; largest number at one time, nine ; smallest num-
ber, three. Number at time of visitation, nine, viz., six men, three
women. Four men do general chores, one does light chores; one
woman sews and mends, two help with housework. Ages : five be-
tween 60 and 60 ; three between 60 and 70 ; one between 70 and 80.
All inmates permanent. Two men and one woman mentally de-



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Part III.l ALMSHOUSES. 47

fective; one man a cripple; one man blind. One able-bodied in-
mate, a man, under sixty years of age. One woman supported by
the State. Seven acres of land; four acres ploughed; two acres
tilled. Chief products : milk and v^etables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $18,000. Total annual cost,
$2,739.28; net, $1,799.08.

Mansfield. Population, 6,183.

iDBpeotod March 17. 1913.

Warden, Eugene S. Dodge; matron, Mrs. Dodge; salary, $600;
served here two years. Two assistants, one man and one woman,
paid by town. Warden has four rooms. Two rooms, with two beds,
set apart for hospital use. One sitting-room, also used as a bath-
room. The bath-tub supplied with cold water only. Eight sleeping-
rooms, witii eight beds. Four privies. Heating by stoves. Light-
ing by oil. Sexes separated at night only. Total number of inmates
during year, eight; largest number at one time, seven; smallest
number, five. Number at time of visitation, five, viz., one man,
four women. One man brings in wood ; one woman washes dishes.
Ages: one between 40 and 50; one between 60 and 70; three be-
tween 70 and 80. All inmates permanent. One death during past
year. Two women mentally defective. One consumptive, a woman,
not separated from other inmates but receiving special treatment
and diet. Ninety-one acres of land; four acres ploughed; twenty
acres tilled. Chief products : milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $5,000. Total annual cost,
$4,676.78; net, $1,616.48. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$180.58.

Marblehead. Population, 7,338.

Inspected March 14, 1013.

Warden, William H. Bassett; matron, Mrs. Bassett; salary, $500;
served here one and one-half years. Warden delivers wood to out-
door poor, without extra compensation. One assistant, a woman,
paid by town. Warden has seven rooms and a bath-room. Dining-
room and corridors used as sitting-rooms. One smoking-room.
Fourteen sleeping-rooms, with thirty-two beds. Three bath-rooms,
with hot and cold water. Four water-closets ; one privy. Heating
by hot water. Lighting by electricity. Complete separation of sexes.
Total number of inmates during year, forty ; largest number at one
time, thirty-nine; smallest number, thirty-three. Number at time
of visitation, thirty-six, viz., thirty-one men, five women. Fifteen
men saw wood and do light chores, two help in care of sick, one
cares for heater, five help in house. Ages : three between 40 and 50 ;
seven between 50 and 60; thirteen between 60 and 70 ; eight between
70 and 80; four between 80 and 90; one between 90 and 100.



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48 STATE BOARD OF CHARITY. [P. D. 17.

Thirty-one inmate8 permanent^ five temporary. Two deaths during
past year. Four men and two women mentally defective ; two men
and one woman cripples ; one man and one woman blind ; one man
epileptic and crippled. Two able-bodied inmates, men, under sixty
years of age. District nurse on call. Two acres of land and five
acres hired; one and one-half acres ploughed; none tilled. Chief
products: milk and vegetables.



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