Massachusetts. State Board of Charity.

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Valuation of almshouse property, $12,000. Total annual cost,
$3,766.38; net, $3,135.18. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$362.86.

MabIuBOBOUGH. Population, 14,579.

Inspected May 10. 1913.

Warden, Barrett R. Wheeler; matron, Mrs. Wheeler; salary,
$650; served here three years. Warden also delivers wood to out-
door poor, without extra compensation. Two assistants, one man
and one woman, paid by city. Warden has four rooms and a bath-
room. One ward, with seven beds, set apart for hospital use. Din-
ing-room used as sitting-room. One smoking-room, and a library
of books. Ten sleeping-rooms and two dormitories, with thirty-
eight beds. Two bath-rooms, with hot and cold water. Two water-
closets; one privy. Heating by steam. Lighting by electricity.
Complete separation of sexes, except at meals. Total number of
inmates during year, fifty-four; largest number at one time, thirty-
four ; smallest number, twenty-eight Number at time of visitation,
thirty, viz., twenty-five men, four women, one boy. Five men do
general farm work, two help in dining-room, two make beds, one
works in hospital, one cares for farm; one woman does housework.
Ages: one between 2 and 5; one between 21 and 30; one between
40 and 50 ; nine between 50 and 60 ; eight between 60 and 70 ; nine
between 70 and 80 ; one between 80 and 90. Twenty-seven inmates
permanent, three temporary. Two men and two women mentally
defective; one man epileptic; three men and two women cripples;
two men and one woman blind; one woman blind and crippled.
Two able-bodied inmates, men, under sixty years of age. District
nurse on call. Eighty acres of land ; twelve acres ploughed ; twenty-
five acres tilled. Chief products : milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $14,056.37. Total annual cost,
$7,569.50 ; net, $5,513.43.

Mabshfield. Population, 1,738.

Inspected August 26, 1013.

Warden, Asa S. Grant; matron, Mrs. Grant; salary, $300; served
here two years and five months. Warden has five rooms. One sit-
ting-room. Nine sleeping-rooms, with eight beds. Two privieg.



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Part III.] ALMSHOUSES. 49

Heating by stoves. Lighting by oil. No separation of sexes. Total
number of inmates during year, six; largest number at one time,
five; smallest number, four. Number at time of visitation, five,
viz., two men, three women. One man does chores; two women
help with housework. Ages : two between 60 and 70 ; two between
70 and 80; one between 80 and 90. All inmates permanent. One
death during past year. One man and one woman mentally defec-
tive; one woman a cripple. Four tramps during year, separated
from other inmates, lodged, fed, not required to work. Thirty
acres of land ; four acres ploughed ; ten acres tilled. Chief products :
milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $4,600. Total annual cost,
$1,428.21; net, $1,374.58. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$61.91.

Mattapoisett. Population, 1,233.

Inspected August 27, 1913.

Warden, John R. Magilton; matron, Mrs. Magilton; salary, $350;
served here four years and six months. Warden has six rooms.
One sitting-room. Seven sleeping-rooms, with seven beds. Two
privies. Heating by stoves. Lighting by oil. No separation of
sexes. Total number of inmates during year, three; largest num-
ber at one time, three; smallest number, two. Number at time
of visitation, two, viz., one man, one woman. Man does chores;
woman helps with housework. Ages : one between 30 and 40 ; one
between 40 and 60. Both inmates permanent. Both mentally de-
fective. Ninety acres of land; five acres ploughed; three acres
tilled. Chief products : milk, vegetables, and poultry.

Valuation of almshouse property, $3,000. Total annual cost,
$1,033.20; net, $333.53. Cost of improvements and repairs, $2.26.

Maynaed. Population, 6,390.

Inspected June 4, 1013.

Warden, Ansley 0. Dunham; matron, Mrs. Dunham; salary,
$500; served here eleven years. Two assistants, one man occa-
sionally and one woman, paid by town. Warden has six rooms and
bath-room. Dining-room used as sitting-room. Ten sleeping-rooms,
with nine beds. One bath-room, with hot and cold water. One
water-closet; two privies. Heating by steam. Lighting by elec-
tricity. Complete separation of sexes, except at meals. Total num-
ber of inmates during year, seven; largest number at one time,
four; smallest number, tiiree. Number at time of visitation, three,
viz., two men, one woman. One man does bam chores, one cares
for cattle ; ope woman washes and wipes dishes. Ages : one between
70 and 80; two between 80 and 90. All inmates permanent. Thir-



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50 STATE BOARD OF CHARITY. [P. D. 17.

teen acres of land; six acres ploughed; six acres tilled. Chief
products: milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $5,000. Total annual cost,
$3,076.13; net, $1,696.79.

Medford. Population, 23,150.

Inspected Januftry 13. 1913.

Warden, Edward Gowing; matron, Mrs. (Jowing; salary, $700;
served here three years. Warden also serves as clerk of Overseers
of the Poor, at a salary of $300. Three assistants, one man and
two women, paid by city. Warden has nine rooms and a bath-room.
One room, with two beds, set apart for hospital use. Two sitting-
rooms and a smoking-room. Twenty-seven sleeping-rooms and one
dormitory, with twenty-six beds. Four bath-rooms, with hot and
cold water. Pour water-closets; three privies. Heating by steam.
Lighting by gas. Complete separation of sexes. Total number of
inmates during year, twenty-six; largest number at one time,
eighteen; smallest number, fifteen. Number at time of visitation,
sixteen, viz., eight men and eight women. One man cares for
heater, one does light chores and acts as barber, one helps in house,
one helps with washing, one cares for horse. Ages : one between 30
and 40; one between 40 and 50; three between 50 and 60; three
between 60 and 70 ; six between 70 and 80 ; two between 80 and 90.
Fifteen inmates permanent, one temporary. One death during past
year. Two women feeble-minded; one man and four women crip-
ples. District nurse on call. Sixteen acres of land; five acres
ploughed ; ten acres tilled. Chief products : milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $36,250. Total annual cost,
$5,056.03; net, $4,198.53. Cost of repairs and improvements,
$197.77.

Medway. Population, 2,696.

Inspected May 26, 1913.

Warden, George P. Nowlin ; matron, Mrs. Nowlin ; salary, $500 ;
served here four years. One assistant, a woman, paid by town.
Warden has five rooms and a bath-room. One room, with one bed,
set apart for hospital use. Dining-room used as sitting-room. One
smoking-room. Twelve sleeping rooms, with sixteen beds. Two
bath-rooms, with hot and cold water. Three water-closets; one
privy. Heating by steam. Lighting by oil. Complete separation
of sexes. Total number of inmates during year, eleven; largest
number at one time, nine; smallest number, seven. Number at
time of visitation, seven, viz., three men, four women. Two men help
with chores and do inside work, one does light chores; women do
no work. Ages: one between 50 and 60; one between 60 and 70;
three between 70 and 80 ; one between 80 and 90 ; one between 90 and



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Part III.] ALMSHOUSES. 51

100. All imnates permanent. One death during past year. Two
men and one woman mentally defective; one man and one woman
cripples; one woman deaf and dumb. Seven and one-half acres of
land; three acres ploughed; three acres tilled. Chief products:
poultry and v^etables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $11,884.30. Total annual cost,
$2,390; net, $1,885.53. Cost of improvements and repairs, $14.53.

Melrose. Population, 15,715.

Inspected Janiiary 2. 1913.

Warden, Frank E. Mann; matron, Mrs. Mann; salary, $600;
served here one year and four months. One occasional assistant, a
woman, paid by city. Warden has four rooms and a bath-room.
One room, with one bed, set apart for hospital use. One sitting-
room, a smoking-room, and a library of books. Fourteen sleeping-
rooms, with thirteen beds. One bath-room, with hot and cold
water. Two water-closets. Heating by hot water. Lighting by
electricity. Complete separation of sexes, except at meals. Total
number of inmates during year, fourteen; largest number at one
time, eight; smallest number, five. Number at time of visitation,
five, viz., two men, three women. One man cares for hens, one
does bam chores; one woman makes beds, one does dishes. Ages:
one between 30 and 40 ; two between 60 and 60 ; two between 70
and 80. All inmates permanent. One death during past year.
One woman mentally defective ; one man and one woman cripples.
Twelve acres of land; six acres ploughed; five acres tilled. Chief
products: milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $3,500. Total annual cost,
$2,423.80; net, $2,006.39.

Methuen. Population, 11,448.

Inspected February 3, 1013.

Warden, Harry D. Kelly; matron, Mrs. Kelly; salary, $600;
served here three and three-quarters years. Two assistants, one man
and one woman, paid by town. Warden has eight rooms and a
bath-room. One room, with one bed, set apart for hospital use.
Dining-room used as sitting-room. One smoking-room. Eight
sleeping-rooms, with fourteen beds. Two bath-rooms, with hot and
cold water. Two water-closets. Heating by steam. Lighting by
oil. Complete separation of sexes, except at meals. Total number
of inmates during year, nineteen; largest number at one time,
seventeen; smallest number, six. Number at time of visitation,
six, viz., three men, two women, one girl. One man does chores,
one helps inside; one woman does sewing and mending. Ages:
one imder 2; four between 70 and 80; one between 80 and 90.



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52 STATE BOARD OF CHARITY. [P. D. 17.

Five inmates permanent, one temporary. Five deaths during past
year. One hundred and fifty acres of land; twelve acres ploughed;
fifty acres tilled. Chief products: milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $16,353.71. Total annual cost,
$6,462.90 ; net, $4,619.24. Cost of improvements and repairs, $250.

MiDDLEBOROUGH. Population, 8,274.

Inspected March 4, 1913.

Warden, John H. Pushee; matron, Mrs. Pushee; salary, $800;
served here three years. Three assistants, one man and two women,
paid by town. Warden has six rooms and a bath-room. Four
rooms, with three beds, set apart for hospital use. A sewing-room
and a smoking-room. Twenty-two sleeping-rooms, with twenty
beds. Three bath-rooms, with hot and cold water. Three water-
closets ; one privy. Heating by hot water. Lighting by electricity.
Complete separation of sexes. Total number of inmates during
year, eighteen; largest number at one time, thirteen; smallest num-
ber, thirteen. Number at time of visitation, thirteen, viz., nine
men, four women. One man does general farm work, one works in
laundry and brings in wood, one cares for cattle. Ages : three be-
tween 30 and 40; one between 50 and 60; three between 60 and
70; five between 70 and 80; one between 80 and 90. All inmates
permanent. One man mentally defective; three women cripples;
one woman blind. Ninety acres of land; thirteen acres ploughed;
twenty-one acres tilled. Chief products: milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $26,135.25. Total annual
cost, $5,351.89; net, $3,034.64.

MiLFORD. Population, 13,055.

Inspected September 0, 1913.

Warden, John Dearth; matron, Mrs. Dearth; salary, $720;
served here five months. Three assistants, two men and one woman,
paid by town. Warden has five rooms and a bath-room. One
room, with one bed, set apart for hospital use. One sitting-room
and a smoking-room. Seventeen sleeping-rooms and two dormi-
tories, with forty-two beds. Two bali-rooms, with hot and cold
water. Four water-closets; two privies. Heating by steam. Light-
ing by oil. Complete separation of sexes, except at meals. Total
number of inmates during year, sixty-five; largest number at one
time, forty-one; smallest number, thirty. Number at time of
visitation, forty-one, viz., thirty-four men, seven women. Six men
do general farm work, three help in house; two women help with
housework, one does sewing and mending. Ages: two between
40 and 50; eight between 50 and 60; fifteen between 60 and 70;
eight between 70 and 80; six between 80 and 90; two between 90



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Part III.] ALMSHOUSES. 53

and 100. Thirty-nine inmates permanent, two temporary. Five
deaths during past year. Three men mentally defective; one man
epileptic; three men and one woman cripples; one man blind. One
able-bodied inmate, a man, under sixty years of age. One boarder,
a man. Two men supported by Hopedale. Two hundred acres of
land; sixteen acres ploughed; thirty acres tilled. Chief products:
milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $23,596.55. Total annual cost,
$12,546.08; net, $9,435.14.

MiLLBURT. Population, 4,740.
Almshouse closed. Inmates provided for at Charlton.

Milton. Population, 7,924.

Inspected August 13, 1913.

Warden, Calvin Sanford; matron, Mrs. Sanford; salary, $600;
served here ten years. One assistant, a woman, paid by town.
Warden has seven rooms and a bath-room. One room, with one bed,
set apart for hospital use. One sitting-room and a smoking-room.
Thirteen sleeping-rooms, with thirteen beds. Two bath-rooms, with
hot and cold water. Three water-closets. Heating by hot water.
Lighting by oil. Complete separation of sexes, except at meals.
Total number of inmates during year, eight ; largest number at one
time, seven ; smallest nimiber, four. Number at time of visitation,
seven, viz., five men, two women. One man works in garden, one '
does general chores, one takes care of men's part, one helps in
house. Ages : one between 50 and 60 ; one between 60 and 70 ; two
between 70 and 80 ; three between 80 and 90. All inmates perma-
nent. One death during past year. Two women mentally defective
and crippled. Trained nurse on call. Thirty-nine acres of land ;
four acres ploughed; six acres tilled. Chief products: milk and
vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $16,400. Total annual cost,
$3,016.13; net, $2,739.40. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$167.84.

MoNSON. Population, 4,758.

Inspected September 19. 1Q13.

Warden, Zachariah H. Wade; matron, Mrs. Wade; salary, $700;
served here one year and four months. Two assistants, one man
and one woman, paid by town. Warden has six rooms. One sit-
ting-room and a smoking-room. Fourteen sleeping-rooms and one
dormitory, with twenty beds. One bath-room, with hot water only.
Three privies. Heating by stoves and steam. Lighting by oil.
Complete separation of sexes, except at meals. Total number of
inmates during year, nineteen; largest number at one time, four-



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54 STATE BOARD OF CHARITY. [P. D. 17.

teen; smaUeet number^ ten. Number at time of yisitation, ten,
viz., one man, seven women, two boys. Two women help with
housework. Ages : one under 2 ; one between 2 and 5 ; one between
21 and 30; two between 40 and 60; one between 50 and 60; one
between 60 and 70 ; three between 70 and 80. Seven inmates per-
manent, three temporary. Two women mentally defective ; one man
blind. Two able-bodied inmates, women, under sixty years of age.
One boarder, a woman. Two hundred acres of land; twenty-five
acres ploughed ; twenty-five acres tilled. Chief products : milk and
vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse properly, $4,920. Total annual cost,
$2,200.57; net, $232.81.

Montague. Population, 6,866.

Inspected September 17. 1913.

Warden, Morris H. O'Connell; matron, Mrs. O'Connell; salary,
$600; served here nine years. Warden also drives school barge,
without extra compensation, and supplies wood to outdoor poor.
One assistant, a woman, paid by town. Warden has five room* and
a bath-room. Dining-room used as sitting-room. One smoking-
room, and a library of books. Seventeen sleeping-rooms, with
seventeen beds. Two bath-rooms, with hot and cold water. Two
water-closets ; two privies. Heating by stoves and steam. Lifting
by oil. Complete separation of sexes. Total number of inmates
during year, fourteen ; largest number at one time, fourteen ;
smallest number, twelve. Number at time of visitation, thirteen,
viz., nine men, four women. One man does light chores. Ages:
one between 30 and 40; two between 40 and 50; three between
50 and 60 ; two between 60 and 70 ; five between 70 and 80. All
inmates permanent. Two deaths during past year. One woman
mentally defective; one man blind. One woman supported by
Erving. Two hundred acres of land; eight acres ploughed; one
acre tilled. Chief products: milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $5,000. Total annual cost,
$3,782.83; net, $3,219.92. Cost of improvements, $377.11.

Nantucket. Population, 2,962.

Inspected August 7, 1913.

Warden, John R. Sylvia; salary, $400; matron, Mrs. Sylvia;
salary, $300 ; served here seven years. Two assistants, women, paid
by town. Warden has five rooms. Two sitting-rooms, a smoking-
room, and an assembly-room. Thirty-five sleeping-rooms, with
thirty-six beds. Two bath-rooms, with hot and cold water. Three
water-closets. Heating by steam. Lighting by electricity. Complete
separation of sexes. Total number of inmates during year, tiiirty;



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Part ni.] ALMSHOUSES. 55

largest nnmber at one time^ twenty-five; smallest number^ eighteen.
Number at time of visitation, eighteen, viz., eleven men, seven
women. One man does general chores, one helps in house, one
works ontside, earning suflBcient to clothe himself. Ages : one be-
tween 21 and 30 ; one between 30 and 40 ; one between 40 and 50 ;
one between 50 and 60 ; five between 60 and 70 ; six between 70 and
80 ; three between 80, and 90. All inmates pemanent. Four deaths
during past year. Three men and three women mentally defective ;
one man a cripple; one man blind. Four boarders, one man and
three women. Eight acres of land; one acre ploughed; one acre
tilled. Chief products: vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $11,500. Total annual cost,
$3,981.65; net, $2,990.04. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$179.80.

Natiok. Population, 9,866.

Inspected April 22, 1013.

Warden, Bartholomew J. Carroll; matron, Mrs. Carroll; salary,
$675; served here six years. Warden also superintends collection
of garbage and delivers wood to outdoor poor. Three assistants,
one man and two women, paid by town. Warden has four rooms
and a bath-room. One sitting-room and two smoking-rooms.
Twen<7-flve sleeping-rooms, with twenty-seven beds. Two bath-
rooms, with hot and cold water. Two water-closets; one privy.
Heating by hot air and steam. Lighting by electricity. Complete
separation of sexes, except at meals. Total number of inmates dur-
ing year, thirty-three ; largest number at one time, eighteen ; smallest
number, fourteen. Number at time of visitation, sixteen, viz.,
thirteen men, three women. Two men help in bam, one helps in
house ; one woman does sewing and mending. Ages : seven between
60 and 70; eight between 70 and 80; one between 80 and 90. All
inmates permanent. ITiree deaths during past year. One woman
epileptic ; one man and one woman cripples ; one man blind. Eighty-
five acres of land ; twenty-nine acres ploughed ; twenty acres tilled.
Chief products : milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $29,274.45. Total annual cost,
$7,425.92; net, $4,660.72.

New Bedford. Population, 96,652.

Inspected June 18, 1Q13.

Warden, Thomas F. Brown ; salary, $1,000 ; matron, Mrs. Brown ;
salary, $450 ; served here five and one-half years. Sixteen assistants,
ten men and six women, paid by city. Warden has five rooms and
a bath-room. Separate building, with thirty-two beds, set apart
for hospital use. Two sitting-rooms for women, one for men, one



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56 STATE BOARD OF CHARtTY. [P. D. 17.

smoking-room, an assembly-room, and a library of books. Twenty-
four sleeping-rooms, six dormitories, and six wards, with one hun-
dred and twenty-five beds. Six bath-rooms, with hot and cold water.
Fifteen water-closets. Heating by steam. Lighting by electridly.
Complete separation of sexes. Total number of inmates during year,
three hundred and fifty-two ; largest number at one time, one hun-
dred and fifty-nine ; smallest number, one hundred and twenty-seven.
Number at time of visitation, one hundred and forty-one, viz.,
eighty-four men, fifty-five women, one boy, one girl. Eight men
do general farm work, ten help in house; eight women do general
housework, four do sewing and mending. Ages: one between
2 and 6; one between 5 and 15; eleven between 21 and 30; eight
between 30 and 40 ; thirty-five between 40 and 50 ; thirty between
50 and 60 ; thirty-three between 60 and 70 ; fiifteen between 70 and
80; six between 80 and 90; one between 90 and 100. One himdred
and thirty-nine inmates permanent, two temporary. Thirty-one
deaths during past year. Fifteen men and eleven women mentally
defective; three men and three women epileptic; thirty men and
fifteen women cripples; two men and two women blind. Pour
able-bodied inmates, two men and two women, xmder sixty years
of age. Four boarders, two men and two women. Five nurses, two
men and three women. Seventy-seven acres of land; twenty-five
acres ploughed; forly acres tilled. Chief products: milk and
vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $182,297.50. Total annual
cost, $34,869.20 ; net, $31,314.09.

Newburyport. Population, 14,949.

Inspected March 10, 1013.

Warden, George H. Twombly; matron, Mrs. Twombly; salary,
$720 ; served here six years. Warden also delivers fuel to outdoor
poor, without extra compensation. Four assistants, two men and
two women, paid by city. Warden has nine rooms and a bath-room.
Two rooms, with four beds, set apart for hospital use. A sitting-
room, also used as a sewing-room, one smoking-room, a library of
books, and an assembly-room. Thirty-six sleeping-rooms, with
forty-one beds. Four bath-rooms, with hot and cold water. Three
water-closets. Heating by steam. Lighting by oil. Complete
separation of sexes. Total number of inmates during year, fifty-
five; largest number at one time, thirty-nine; smallest number,
thirty. Number at time of visitation, thirty-eight, viz., twenty-
eight men, nine women, one boy. One man does general farm
work, one cares for hens, three help in house; three women help
with housework, one does sewing and mending. Ages: one under
2 ; one between 21 and 30 ; three between 40 and 50 ; five between



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Part III.] ALMSHOUSES. 57

50 and 60; sixteen between 60 and 70; eleven between 70 and 80;
one between 90 and 100. Twenty-eight inmates permanent; ten
temporary. One death during past year. Four men and three
women mentally defective; one man and one woman cripples;
three men and one woman blind; one woman mentally defective
and epileptic. Two able-bodied inmates, one man and one woman,
under sixty years of age. Thirt}' acres of land; seven acres
ploughed ; twenty acres tilled. Chief products : milk and vegetables.
Valuation of almshouse property, $43,027. Total annual cost,
$5,835.52; net, $5,545.56. Cost of improvements and re-
pairs, $58.12.

Newton. Population, 39,806.

Inspected February 28, 1913.

Warden, John Ewart; matron, Mrs. Ewart; salary, $1,000;
served here on^ year. Warden also has charge of city store and
delivery of supplies, without extra compensation. Four assistants,
one man and three women, paid by city. Warden has twelve rooms
and a bath-room. One room, with six beds, set apart for hospital
use. One sitting-room, a smoking-room and a library of books.
Dining-room used as an assembly-room. Twenty-eight sleeping-
rooms and one dormitory, with thirty-four beds. Four bath-rooms,
with hot and cold water. Nine water-closets. Heating by steam.
Lighting by electricity. Complete separation of sexes. Total
number of inmates during year, foriy-five; largest number at one
time, thirty; smallest number, twenty-six. Number at time of
visitation, twenty-six, viz., eleven men, fifteen women. Seven men
do general farm work, one helps in house; four women help with
housework, one sews and mends. Ages: one between 30 and 40;
five between 40 and 50; two between 50 and 60; seven between
60 and 70 ; seven between 70 and 80 ; two between 80 and 90 ; two
between 90 and 100. Twenty-four inmates permanent, two tem-
porary. Five deaths during past year. One man and three women
mentally defective; one man epileptic; one man and two women
cripples; one woman blind; one woman epileptic and crippled.
One able-bodied inmate, a man, under sixty years of age. One



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