Massachusetts. State Board of Charity.

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woman supported by Needham, one by Millis, and one by the State.
Twenty-five acres of land ; three acres ploughed ; twelve acres tilled.
Chief products: milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $22,900. Total annual cost,
$7,620.54; net, $7,131.72. Cost of improvements and repairs.
$648.22.



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58 STATE BOARD OF CHARITY. [P. D. 17.



North Adams. Population, 22,019.

Inspected Octobw 7, 1018.

Warden, Henry W. Starks; matron, Miss Cora Starks; salary^
$750; served here eight and one-half years. Four assistimts, two
men (one occasionally) and two women, paid by city. Warden has
nine rooms and a bath-room. One sitting-room and two smoking-
rooms. Nineteen sleeping-rooms, with fortj'-fonr beds. Two bath-
rooms, with hot and cold water. Five water-closets. Heating by
stoves and steam. Lighting by electricity. Complete separation
of sexes. Total number of inmates during year, forty-one ; largest
number at one time, thirty-eight; smallest number, thirty-one.
Number at time of visitation, thirty-two, viz., nineteen men, thirteen
women. Three men do general chores, two work in laundry, two
do cleaning, one cares for sick man ; three women |;^elp witti house-
work, one sews and mends. Ages: one between 30 and 40; one
between 40 and 50 ; seven between 50 and 60 ; seven between 60 and
70 ; twelve between 70 and 80 ; four between 80 and 90. All inmates
permanent. Two deaths during past year. Two women mentally
defective; one woman epileptic; one man a cripple; one man blind.
One able-bodied inmate, a man, under sixty years of age. One
boarder, a man. Trained nurse on call. Three hundred acres of
Jand ; ten acres ploughed ; thirty acres tilled. Chief products : milk
and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $20,000. Total annual cost,
$8,086,30 ; net, $5,983.09. Cost of improvements and repairs, $200.

Northampton. Population, 19,431.

iDspeoted M^y 14. 1913.

Warden, Arthur B. Whitbeck; matron, Mrs. Whitbeck; salary,
$650 ; served here nine years. Two assistants, women, paid by city.
Warden has seven rooms and a bath-room. Three rooms, with three
beds, set apart for hospital use. One sitting-room and a smoking-
room. Twenty-two sleeping-rooms and one dormitory, with twenty-
nine beds. Four bath-rooms, with hot and cold water. Four
water-closets. Heating by steam. Lighting by electricity. Complete
separation of sexes. Total number of inmates during year, forty-
three; largest number at one time, twenty-two; smallest number,
sixteen. Number at time of visitation, seventeen, viz., eleven men,
three women, one boy, two girls. Three men do general chores,
two help in house; one woman washes and wipes dishes. Ages:
one under 2 ; two between 15 and 21 ; two between 50 and 60; four
between 60 and 70; five between 70 and 80; three between 80
and 90. Fourteen inmates permanent, three temporary. Three
deaths during past y^ar. One man and two women mentally



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Part III.] ALMSHOUSES. 59

defective; one man a cripple; one woman blind. One able-bodied
inmate, a man, nnder sixty years of age. District nurse on call.
Seven and three-quarters acres of land and two acres hired; two
acres ploughed; five acres tiUed. Chief products: milk and
vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $21,449.81. Total annual cost,
$4,348.23; net, $3,551.73. Cost of improvements and repairs, $100.

North Axdover. Population, 5,529.

Inspected July 7, 1913.

Warden, David D. Webb; matron, Mrs. Webb; salary $600;
served here three years and three months. Two assistants, one
man and one woman, paid by town. Warden has four rooms and
a bath-room. One room, with one bed, set apart for hospital use.
Two sitting-rooms, a smoking-room, and a library of books. Nine
sleeping-rooms, with ten beds. Two bath-rooms, with hot and
cold water. Three water-closets. Heating by steam. Lighting
by electricity. Complete separation of sexes, except at meals.
Total number of inmates during year, ten; largest number at one
time, nine; smallest number, five. Number at time o^ visitation,
six, viz., three men, three women. Two men do general chores, one
helps in house; two women help with housework, one sews and
mends. Ages: one between 30 and 40; two between 40 and 50;
one between 60 and 70; one between 70 and 80; one between
80 and 90. All inmates permanent. One woman mentally de-
fective; one man a cripple. One boarder, a woman. Ninety acres
of land; thirteen acres ploughed; twenty-five acres tilled. Chief
products: milk 'and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $16,525. Total annual cost,
$4,398.15; net, $3,197.39. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$528.09.

North Attleborough. Population, 9,562.

Inspected April 23. 1913.

Warden, John J. Bleik; matron, Mrs. Bleik; salary $600; served
here eleven years. Warden also has charge of cesspools, and wood
for schools and outdoor poor, without extra compensation. Four
assistants, two men and two women, paid by town. Warden has
seven rooms. One room, with two beds, set apart for hospital use.
Two sitting-rooms and a smoking-room. Seventeen sleeping-rooms,
with twenty-five beds. Two bath-rooms, with hot and cold water.
Three water-closets; one privy. Heating by steam. Lighting by
electricity. Complete separation of sexes. Total number of inmates
during year, thirty-five; largest number at one time, twenty;
smallest number, fourteen. Number at time of visitation, seventeen,



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60 STATE BOARD OF CHARITY. [P. D. 17.

viz., twelve men, five women. Two men do general farm work, one
helps in house, two help with washing; one woman washes dishes.
Ages : one between 21 and 30 ; five between 50 and 60 ; sii between
60 and 70; three between 70 and 80; one between 80 and 90; one
between 90 and 100. All inmates permanent. Three men and one
woman mentally defective; one woman epileptic; one man and two
women cripples. One boarder, a man. Sixty-six acres of land;
twelve acres ploughed; twelve acres tilled. Chief products: milk,
hay, and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $26,000. Total annual cost,
$8,594.04; net, $3,216.83.' Cost of improvements and repairs,
$230.65.

NoRTHBRiDOE. Population, 8,807.

Inspected September 23, 1013.

Warden, Frank P. Cummings; matron, Mrs. Cummings; salary,
$500; served here one and one-half years. Two assistants, one man
and one woman, paid by town. Warden has six rooms. One room,
with one bed, set apart for hospital use. Dining-room used as
sitting-room. One smoking-room. Fourteen sleeping-rooms, with
fifteen beds. Two bath-rooms, with hot and cold water. Three
water-closets; two privies. Heating by steam. Lighting by oil.
Total number of inmates during year, sixteen; largest number at
one time, eleven; smallest number, nine. Number at time of
visitation, nine men. One man does general chores, one cares for
hens, two do light chores, one helps in house, one prepares vegetables.
Ages: one between 21 and 30; one between 50 ajid 60; five between
60 and 70; one between 70 and 80; one between 80 and 90. All
inmates permanent. One death during past year. Two men
mentally defective ; two men cripples. One hundred and fifty acres
of land; ten acres ploughed; twelve acres tilled. Chief products:
cream and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $6,300. Total annual cost,
$3,162.62; net, $1,836.65.

North Brookfield. Population, 3,075.

Inspected July 22. 1913.

Warden, Simon L. Lord ; matron, Mrs. Lord ; salary, $700 ; served
here six years and three months. Two assistants, a man, paid by
town, and a woman, paid by warden. Warden has six rooms. One
sitting-room and a smoking-room. Twenty sleeping-rooms, with
nineteen beds. Two bath-rooms, with hot and cold water. Two
water-closets. Heating by steam. Lighting by oil. Complete
separation of sexes, except at meals. Total number of inmates
during year, nine; largest number at one time, seven; smallest



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Part III.] ALMSHOUSES. 61

number, six. Number at time of visitation, seven, viz., five men,
two women. One woman does housework. Agee: one between
50 and 60; one between 60 and 70; four between 70 and 80;
one between 80 and 90. All inmates permanent. One death during
past year. One woman mentally defective; one man a cripple;
one man epileptic and mentally defective. Eighty acres of land;
six acres ploughed; twenty-five acres tilled. Chief products: milk
and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $13,233.57. Total annual cost,
$2,689.33; net, $1,658.78.



North Reading. Population, 1,059.

Inspected January 30, 1Q13.

Warden, Walter L. Emerson; matron, Mrs. Emerson; salary
$400; served here one and three-fourths years. Warden also de-
livers wood to outdoor poor and schools, without extra compensa-
tion. One assistant, a man, paid by town. Warden has nine rooms.
One sitting-room, also used as a smoking-room. Eight sleeping-
rooms, with eight beds. Two privies. Heating by stoves. Lighting
by oil. Total number of inmates during year, two ; largest number
at one time, two; smallest number, two. Number at time of
visitation, two men, permanent, between 80 and 90 years of age,
who do no work. One man mentally defective. One hundred and
twen<7 acres of land; ten acres ploughed; twenty-five acres tilled.
Chief products: milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $13,000. Total annual cost,
$5,378.59 ; net, $274.69. Cost of repairs and improvements, $400.



NoRWELL. Population, 1,410.

Inspected June 24, 1913.

Matron, Mrs. John S. Gardner; salary, $300; served here four
years and three months. Matron has five rooms. Dining-room used
as sitting-room. Seven sleeping-rooms, with eight beds. Three
privies. Heating by stoves and hot air. Lighting by electricity
and oil. Total number of inmates during year, five ; largest number
at one time, three; smallest number, three. Number at time of
visitation, three men. Two men do light chores. Ages: two be-
tween 60 and 70 ; one between 70 and 80. All inmates permanent.
One death during past year. One man supported by Scituate.
Sixteen acres of land; three-quarters of an acre ploughed; eight
acres tilled. Chief products: milk, vegetables, and poultry.

Valuation of almshouse property, $5,100. Total annual cost,
$1,211.83; net, $936.75.



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62 STATE BOARD OF CHARITY. [P. D. 17.

Oakelau, Population, 552.

(See Charlton.)



Oxford. Population, 3,361.

Inspected April 10, 1013.

Warden, William W. Sheldon; matron, Mrs. Sheldon; salary,
$500 ; served here three years. One assistant, a man, paid by town.
Warden has nine rooms. One sitting-room and a smoking-room.
Fourteen sleeping-rooms, with fifteen beds. One bath-room, with-
out direct supply of water. Two privies. Heating by steam.
Lighting by oil. Complete separation of sexes, except at meals.
Total number of inmates during year, eight; largest number at
one time, seven; smallest number, six. Number at time of visita-
tion, seven, viz., five men, two women. One man does chores, one
helps in house. Ages: one between 40 and 50; two between
50 and 60; one between 60 and 70; two between 70 and 80; one
between 80 and 90. All inmates permanent. One man and one
woman mentally defective; two men cripples. Two hundred and
forty-five acres of land; twenty-five acres ploughed; twenty acres
tilled. Chief products: milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $9,900. Total annual cost,
$3,402.25; net, $2,502.56. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$1,762.98.

Palmer. Population, 8,610.

Inspected April 17. 1913.

Warden, Benjamin Freeman; matron, Mrs. Freeman; salary,
$725; served here five years. One occasional assistant, a woman,
paid by town. Warden has four rooms and a bath-room. Two
rooms, with two beds, set apart for hospital use. One sitting-room
and a smoking-room. Eighteen sleeping-rooms and two dormi-
tories, with twenty-six beds. Two bath-rooms, with hot and cold
water. Pour water-closets. Heating by steam. Lighting by
electricity. Complete separation of sexes, except at meals. Total
number of inmates during year, twenty; largest number at one
time, sixteen ; smallest number, eleven. Number at time of visita-
tion, eleven, viz., ten men, one woman. Two men do bam chores,
one helps in house, four help in laundry; one woman does house-
work. Ages : one between 21 and 30 ; two between 40 and 50 ; one
between 50 and 60 ; four between 60 and 70 ; two between 70 and
80 ; one between 80 and 90. . All inmates permanent. Five deaths
during past year. Four men and one woman mentally defective.
District nurse on call. Two hundred and twenty acres of land;



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Part III.] ALMSHOUSES. 63

twenty acres ploughed; thirty acres tilled. Chief products: butter,
vegetables, and hay.

Valuation of almshouse property, $8,000. Total annual cost,
$4,085.21 ; net, $3,019.2T.

Paxton. Population^ 416.

(See Charlton.)

Peabody. Population, 15,721.

Inspected July 12, 1913.

Warden, Thomas L. Cummings; salary, $600; served here four-
teen years; matron, Mrs. Cummings ; salary, $100; served here ten
years. Warden also has charge of wood yard and delivers supplies
to outdoor poor, without extra compensation. Five assistants, four
men and one woman, paid by town. Warden has six rooms and
a bath-room. Two rooms, with eight beds, set apart for hospital
use. Corridors used as sitting-room. One smoking-room and an
assembly-room. Fourteen sleeping-rooms and two dormitories,
with forty-four beds. Two bath-rooms, with hot and cold water.
Three water-closets ; two privies. Heating by steam. Lighting by
electricity. Complete separation of sexes. Total number of in-
mates during year, forty ; largest number at one time, thirty-seven ;
smallest number, thirty-four. Number at time of visitation, thirty-
seven, viz., twenty-six men, eleven women. Nine men do general
farm work, seven help in house ; four women do housework. Ages :
two between 30 and 40 ; one between 40 and 50 ; seven between 50
and 60 ; eighteen between 60 and 70 ; eight between 70 and 80 ; one
between 80 and 90. Thirty-six inmates permanent, one temporary.
Four men and two women mentally defective ; two men epileptics ;
three men and one woman cripples. One able-bodied inmate, a
man, under sixty years of age. Two boarders, men. Two women
and one man supported by the State; four men and one woman
supported by Danvers ; one man by Middleton. Two hundred and
four acres of land; twenty-five acres ploughed; twenty-five acres
tilled. Chief products: milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $18,400. Total annual cost,
$13,304.20; net, $8,340.91. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$809.25.

Pembroke. Population, 1,336.

Inspected April 7, 1Q13.

Warden, Edwin T. Wright ; matron, Mrs. Wright ; salary, $350 ;
served here three years. Warden has three rooms. Dining-room
used as sitting-room. One smoking-room. Seven sleeping-rooms,
with seven beds. Two privies. Heating by stoves. Lighting by



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64 STATE BOARD OF CHARITY. [P. D. 17.

oil and candles. No separation of sexes. Total number of inmates
during year, eight; largest number at one time^ six; smallest
number, five. Number at time of visitation, six, viz., three men,
three women. One man works on farm, one does chores; one
woman helps a little with housework. Ages: two between 60 and
70 ; three between 70 and 80 ; one between 80 and 90. All inmates
permanent Two deaths during past year. One man and two
women mentally defective. One able-bodied inmate, a man, under
sixty years of age. One hundred acres of land; seven acres
ploughed; thirty-five acres tilled. Chief products: milk and
vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $4,000. Total annual cost,
$1,577.43; net, $1,088.48.

Peppeeell. Population, 2,953.

Inspected November 13, 1913.

Warden, Benjamin Parker; matron, Mrs. Parker; salary, $500;
served here two years. One assistant, a woman, paid by town.
Warden has six rooms. Dining-room used as sitting-room. One
smoking-room. Thirteen sleeping-rooms, with tiiirteen beds. One
bath-room, vrith hot and cold water. Three privies. Heating by
steam. Lighting by oil. Sexes separated at night only. Total
number of inmates during year, thirteen; largest number at one
time, eleven; smallest number, six. Number at time of visitation,
six, viz., three men, three women. Two women help with house-
work. Ages: one between 60 and 70; three between 70 and 80;
two between 80 and 90. All inmates permanent. One death during
past year. One man mentally defective ; one woman deformed and
mentally defective. Sixty-five acres of land; ten acres ploughed;
eighteen acres tilled. Chief products : milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $8,195.81. Total annual cost,
$3,787.41; net, $2,601.34. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$1,211.22.

Phillipston. Population, 425.

(See Charlton.)

PiTTSFiELD. Population, 32,121.

Inspected Octcft>er 8. 1913.

Warden, William W. Shaw; salary, $700; served here twenty-
eight years ; matron, Mrs. Shaw ; salary, $200 ; served here nineteen
years. Warden also delivers wood to outdoor poor, without extra
compensation. Five assistants, three men and two women, paid by
city. Warden has seven rooms and a bath-room. Two sitting-rooms
and a smoking-room. Forty-five sleeping-rooms and one dormitory,
with sixty-eight beds. Five bath-rooms, with hot and cold water.



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Part m.] ALMSHOUSES. 65

Six water-closets; three privies. Heating by steam. Lighting by
electricity. Complete separation of sexes, except at meals. Total
niimber of inmates during year, one hundred and fifty-nine ; largest
number at one time, fifty-nine; smallest number, forty-eight.
Number at time of visitation, forty-nine, viz., thirty-three men,
eleven women, one boy, four girls. Six men do farm work, tiiree
work at wood pile, five work inside; six women help with house-
work. Ages: two under 2; one between 2 and 5; two between 15
and 21 ; four between 30 and 40 ; six between 40 and 60 ; five be-
tween 60 and 60 ; thirteen between 60 and 70 ; ten between 70 and
80 ; four between 80 and 90 ; two between 90 and 100. Forty-two
inmates permanent, seven temporary. Seven deaths during past
year. One man and one woman mentally defective; two women
epileptic; two men and one woman cripples. Two able-bodied
inmates, one man and one woman, under sixty years of age. One
boarder, a woman. Two men supported by the State; one man
by Great Harrington; one man and one woman by Lenox. One
consumptive, a woman, partly separated from other inmates, and
receiving special treatment and diet. One hundred and forty-one
acres of land; twenty-four acres ploughed; forty-five acres tilled.
Chief products: milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $40,000. Total annual cost,
$9,500; net, $8,369.86.

Plymouth. Population, 12,141.

Inspected Ausuat 10, 1013.

Warden, Euesell L. Dickson; matron, Mrs. Dickson; salary,
$600 ; served here six years and three months. Warden also serves
as fire police oflScer at an additional compensation of $20 per year.
One assistant, a woman, paid by town. Warden has six rooms and
a bath-room. Corridors used as sitting-rooms. One smoking-room
and a barber shop. Eighteen sleeping-rooms, with fifteen beds.
Three bath-rooms, with hot and cold water. Three water-closets.
Heating by steam. Lighting by electricity. Complete separation
of sexes. Total number of inmates during year, twenty-three;
largest number at one time, fifteen; smallest number, eleven.
Number at time of visitation, eleven, viz., eight men, three women.
Three men do general chores, two help in house, all men care for
own rooms; one woman sews and mends. Ages: one between 40
and 60; two between 60 and 60; four between 60 and 70; four
between 70 and 80. All inmates permanent. One death during
past year. One man and one woman mentally defective ; one woman
epileptic; two men cripples. Two boarders, a man and a woman.
District nurse on call. Nine acres of land ; one and one-half acres .
ploughed ; six acres tilled. Chief products : milk and vegetables.



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66 STATE BOARD OF CHARITY. [P. D. 17.

Valuation of almshouse property, $10,000. Total annual cost,
$5,153.79; net, $4,927.49. Cost of improyements and repairs,
$764.61.

Pbovincetown. Population, 4,369.

Inapected November 26, 1013.

Matron, Mrs. Lorena S. Dyer; salary, $265; served here fourteen
years. Matron has four rooms. Two sitting-rooms. Sixteen sleep-
ing rooms, with fourteen beds. One bath-room, with hot and cold
water. One water-closet; two privies. Heating by hot water.
Lighting by oil. Sexes separated at night only. Total number of
inmates during year, twelve; largest number at one time, twelve;
smallest number, nine. Number at time of visitation, nine, viz.,
three men, six women. One man does chores and helps with wash-
ing; two women help with housework. Ages: one between 21 and
30; one between 30 and 40; one between 60 and 60; one between
60 and 70 ; four between 70 and 80 ; one between 90 and 100. All
inmates permanent. One man and two women mentally defective ;
one man epileptic. Three boarders, women. One man supported
by Lowell. One acre of land.

Valuation of almshouse property, $5,500. Total annual cost,
$1,229.08 ; net, $776.93. Cost of improvements and repairs, $25.79.

QuiNCT. Population, 32,642.

iQQMCted Mmroh 12. 1918.

Warden, William J. Vaughn; matron, Mrs. Vaughn; salary,
$750 ; served here nine years. Warden also keeps city store, without
extra compensation. Two assistants, women, paid by city. Warden
has six rooms and a bath-room. Two rooms, with four beds, set
apart for hospital use. One sitting-room and a smoking-room.
Twenty sleeping-rooms, with thirty-two beds. Two bath-rooms,
with hot and cold water. Three water-closets ; two privies. Heating
by steam. Lighting by electricity. Complete separation of sexes.
Total number of inmates during year, six^-five; largest number at
one time, thirty-four; smallest number, sixteen. Number at time
of visitation, fifteen, viz., nine men, six women. Six men do general
chores, one helps in house, one cares for heater; two women do
housework, one does sewing and mending. Ages: one between 30
and 40; two between 40 and 50; one between 60 and 60; four
between 60 and 70 ; five between 70 and 80 ; two between 80 and 90.
Fourteen inmates permanent, one temporary. Three men and one
woman mentally defective; one man and two women cripples; one
man blind. One able-bodied inmate, a man, under sixty years of
age. Two boarders, one man and one woman. Eleven acres of
land ; two acres ploughed ; two acres tilled. Chief products : milk,
vegetables, and poultry.



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Part m.] ALMSHOUSES. 67

Valuation of almshouse property, $10,000. Total annual cost,
$6,808.19; net, $5,368.19. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$188.41.

Bandolph. Population, 4,301.

Inapeoted June 10. 1013.

Warden, Michael M. Sullivan; matron, Mrs. Sullivan; salary,
$500; served here seven years. Warden has five rooms and a bath-
room. One sitting-room and a smoking-room. Nineteen sleeping-
rooms, with twenty-five beds. Two bath-rooms, with hot and cold
water. Three water-closets ; one privy. Heating by steam. Lighting
by oil. Complete separation of sexes, except at meals. Total num-
ber of inmates during year, thirty-six; largest number at one time,
eighteen; smallest number, fifteen. Number at time of visitation,
sixteen, viz., twelve men, four women. Two men do general chores,
two help in house ; women care for own rooms. Ages : one between
21 and 30 ; one between 40 and 50 ; one between 50 and 60 ; eight
between 60 and 70 ; three between 70 and 80 ; one between 80 and
90 ; one between 90 and 100. All inmates permanent. One death
during past year. One man and three women mentally defective;
one man a cripple. One boarder, a man. Eighteen acres of land ;
four acres ploughed; five acres tilled. Chief products: milk and
vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $12,000. Total annual cost,
$3,407.03; net, $2,219.53. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$629.04.

Reading. Population, 5,818.

Inspected Deoember 30, 1012.

Warden, Loring A. Deming; matron, Mrs. Deming; salary, $500;
served here nine months. One assistant, a woman, paid by warden.
Warden has six rooms and a bath-room. One room, with one bed,
set apart for hospital use. One smoking-room. Seven sleeping-
rooms, with seven beds. One bath-room, with hot and cold water.
One water-closet. Heating by steam. Lighting by electricity.
Complete separation of sexes. Total number of inmates during



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