Massachusetts. State Board of Charity.

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required to work. One hundred acres of land ; ten acres ploughed ;
fifteen acres tilled. Chief products : milk and vegetables.

Valuation of ahnshouse property, $8,000. Total annual cost>
$2,427.74; net, $706.28.

Sturbeidge. Population, 1,957.

Inq;>eot6d April 17, 1913.

Warden, Dennis Murphy; matron, Mrs. Murphy; salary, $450;
served here two years. Warden has four rooms. Dining-room used
as sitting-room. Nine sleeping-rooms, with seven beds. One bath-
room, with hot and cold water. Two water-closets. Heating by
steam. Lighting by oil." No separation of sexes. Total number
of inmates during year, nine ; largest number at one time, seven ;
smallest number, six. Number at time of visitation, six, viz., three
men, three women. One man does light chores, one helps in house ;
one woman cares for invalid. Ages: one between 50 and 60; one
between 60 and 70 ; two between 70 and 80 ; two between 80 and 90.
All inmates permanent. One death during past year. One woman
mentally defective; one woman a cripple. Two boarders, women.
Five tramps during year, separated from other inmates, lodged, fed,
required to work. One hundred acres of land ; seven acres ploughed ;
twenty acres tilled. Chief products : milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $4,759.94. Total annual cost,
$1,696.46; net, $1,526.79.



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78 STATE BOARD OF CHARITY. [P. D. 17.



SuDBUBT. Population, 1,120.

Inq;>eoted June 4, 1918.

Warden, Charles H. Palmer ; matron, Mrs. Palmer; salary, $425;
served here one year, one month. Warden has seven rooms. Dining-
room used as sitting-room. Seven sleeping-rOoms, with six beds.
Two privies. Heating by stoves. Lighting by oil. Sexes separated
at night only. Total number of inmates during year, four ; largest
number at one time, four; smallest number, three. Number at
time of visitation, four, viz., three men, one woman. One man does
general chores, one does barn chores. Ages : one between 60 and 70 ;
two between 70 and 80 ; one between 90 and 100. All inmates per-
manent. One man and one woman mentally defective ; one man a
cripple; one man blind. One tramp during the year, separated
from other inmates, lodged, fed, required to work. One hundred
acres of land; ten acres ploughed; twenty acres tilled. Chief
products: milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $7,364.62. Total annual cost,
$1,699.86 ; net, $387.76. Cost of improvements and repairs, $11.20.

Sutton. Population, 3,078.

Inspected Ausuat 4, 1918.

Warden, Erastus C. Plummer; matron, Mrs. Plummer; salary,
$550 ; served here two years. One assistant, a man, paid by town.
Warden has seven rooms. Dining-room used as sitting-room. Nine
sleeping-rooms, with nine beds. One bath-room, supplied with hot
and cold water in winter, cold only in summer. Two privies. Heat-
ing by steam. Lighting by oil. Sexes separated at night only.
Total number of inmates during year, nine; largest number at one
time, five; smallest number, two. Number at time of visitation,
five, viz., four men, one woman. One man does bam chores and
helps with washing, one helps in house ; one woman cares for dining-
room. Ages : one between 60 and 60 ; one between 60 and 70 ; two
between 70 and 80 ; one between 80 and 90. All inmates permanent
Two deaths during past year. One man a cripple ; one man blind.
One hundred and forty-four acres of land; twelve acres ploughed;
thirty acres tilled. Chief products : milk and v^tables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $10,747.96. Total annual cost,
$2,819.16; net, $901.72.

Swansea. Population, 1,978.

Inspeeted Ausuat 13, 1913.

Warden, Andrew P. Campbell; matron, Mrs. Campbell; salary,
$426 ; served here twelve and one-half years. One assistant, a man,
paid by town. Warden has seven rooms. One sitting-room. Four



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Part III.] ALMSHOUSES. 79

sleeping-rooms, with four beds. One bath-room, with hot and cold
water. One water-closet. Heating by hot water. Lighting by oil.
Total number of inmates during year, seven ; largest number at one
time, seven; smallest number at one time, one. Number at time
of visitation, one woman, between 60 and 70 years of age, who
does no work ; permanent ; mentaUy defective and a cripple. Seven
tramps during year, separated from other inmates, lodged, fed, not
required to work. One hundred and twenty acres of land ; fifty acres
ploughed; eighteen acres tilled. Chief products: milk, vegetables,
and poultry.

Valuation of almshouse property, $8,282.80. Total annual cost,
$2,715.20; net, $266.02. Cost of improvements and repairs,
S204.16.

Taunton. Population, 34,269.

iDspected March 21, 1913.

Warden, Allen A. Thayer; matron, Mrs. Thayer; salary, $900;
served here one year and nine months. Warden also has charge of
city garbage collection, without extra compensation. Six assistants,
two men and four women, paid by city. Warden has eight rooms
and a bath-room. Two wards and two rooms, with nineteen beds,
set apart for hospital use. No sitting-room. One smoking-room.
Sixteen sleeping-rooms and two dormitories, with sixty-nine beds.
Four bath-rooms, with hot and cold water. Five water-closets.
Heating by steam. Lighting by electricity. Complete separation of
sexes. Total number of inmates during year, two hundred and sixty-
one; largest number at one time, eighty-eight; smallest number,
sixty-six. Number at time of visitation, seventy-nine, viz., fifty-nine
men, twenty women. Six men help in piggery, three help in bam,
thl*ee in laundry, two help inside, three work at wood pile, one helps
in hospital room ; two women work in kitchen, one sews and mends.
Ages : two between 30 and 40 ; twelve between 40 and 60 ; twenty-six
between 60 and 60 ; tweniy-eight between 60 and 70 ; eleven between
70 and 80. Sixty-one inmates permanent, eighteen temporary.
Twelve deaths during past year. Five men and three women men-
tally defective; five men and three women cripples; one man and one
woman blind ; one man deaf and dumb ; one man mentally defective
and blind. Eight able-bodied inmates, seven men and one woman,
under sixty years of age. One woman boarded by Lakeville; one
man by Berkley. Three consumptives, one man and two women,
not separated from the other inmates, but receiving special treat-
ment and diet. One hundred and sixty-five acres of land; forty
acres ploughed ; forty acres tilled. Chief products : milk, hay, and
pork.

Valuation of almshouse property, $60,000. Total annual cost,
$16,741.69; net, $10,290.92. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$610.32.



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80 STATE BOARD OF CHARITY. [P. D. 17.



TEWK8BURT. Population, 3,760.

IiMpected Nomuber 31. 1918.

Warden, Oscar J. Darby; matron, Mrs. Darby; salary, $600;
served here five years and seven months. Two assistants, one man
and one woman, paid by town. Warden has six rooms and a bath-
room. One sitting-room and a smoking-room. Eight sleeping-
rooms, with twelve beds. One bath-room, with hot and cold water.
Two water-closets. Heating by steam. Lighting by oil. Complete
separation of sexes. Total number of inmates during year, four;
largest number at one time, four ; smallest number, three. Number
at time of visitation, three, viz., two men, one woman. One man
does chores, one works in house. Ages : two between 70 and 80 ; one
between 80 and 90. All inmates permanent. One man mentally
defective ; one woman a cripple. Ninety-three acres of land ; nine-
teen acres ploughed; twenty-five acres tilled. Chief products: milk
and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $14,298.05. Total annual cost,
$3,357.21; net, $200. Cost of improvements and repairs, $386.32.

TowNSEND. Population, 1,761.

Inspected November 13, 1913.

Warden, Charles 6. Allen; matron, Mrs. Allen; salary, $450;
served here seven months. Two assistants, one man and one woman,
paid by town. Warden has four rooms. Dining-room used as
sitting-room. Twelve sleeping-rooms, with eleven beds. .Three
privies. Heating by steam. Lighting by oil. Sexes separated at
night only. Total number of inmates during year, five; largest
number at one time, five ; smallest number, four. Number at time
of visitation, five, viz., two men, three women. One man does light
chores; one woman does housework, one sews and mends. Ages:
two between 40 and 50 ; one between 50 and 60 ; one between 70 and
80 ; one between 80 and 90. All inmates permanent. Two women
mentally defective ; one man and one woman cripples. One hundred
and ninety acres of land ; ten acres ploughed ; twenty-five acres tilled.
Chief products : milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $10,115.87. Total annual cost,
$2,420.75; net, $1,121.

Upton. Population, 2,071.

Inspected April 22, 1913.

Warden, George H. Clapp; matron, Mrs. Clapp; salary, $400;
served here three weeks. Previous service here, three years. Two
assistants, one man and one woman, paid by town. Warden has



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Part III.] ALMSHOUSES. 81

six rooms. One sitting-room and a smoking-room. Eight sleeping-
rooms, with eight beds. One bath-room, with hot and cOld water.
One water-closet; two privies. Heating by hot air. Lighting by
oil. No separation of sexes. Total number of inmates during year,
eleven; largest number at one time, eight; smallest number, six.
Number at time of visitation, six, viz., three men, three women.
One man does general chores, one does housework; women do no
work. Ages : one between 30 and 40 ; one between 60 and 60 ; one
between 60 and 70 ; one between 70 and 80 ; two between 80 and 90.
All inmates permanent. Four deaths during past year. One man
and one woman mentally defective. Two hundred and thirty-five
acres of land; fourteen acres ploughed; thirty-five acres tilled.
Chief products : milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $6,370. Total annual cost,
$2,431.23; net, $1,241.76.

UxBRiDGE. Population, 4,671.

Inspected June 10. 1913.

Warden, Louis E. Hoisington ; matron, Mrs. Hoisington ; salary,
$450 ; served here two months. Warden has four rooms. One room,
with one bed, also lavatory and toilet, set apart for hospital use.
One sitting-room. Eight sleeping-rooms, with eight beds. One
bath-room, with hot and cold water. One water-closet ; two privies.
Heating by steam. Lighting by oil. Sexes separated at night only.
Total number of inmates during year, ten; largest number at one
time, six ; smallest number, five. Number at time of visitation, six,
viz., two men, four women. One man works at wood pile, one does
light chores ; two women help with housework. Ages : two between
50 and 60; two between 60 and 70; two between 70 and 80. All
inmates permanent. One woman a cripple ; one man blind. Seventy
acres of land; twelve acres ploughed ; twenty-five acres tilled.

Valuation of almshouse property, $4,000. Total annual cost,
$1,970.17; net, $1,719.67. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$354.33.

Wakefield. Population, 11,404.

Inspected April 2, 1013.

Warden, Charles H. Colwell ; matron, Mrs. Colwell ; salary, $650 ;
served here two days. Four assistants, two mei> and two women,
paid by town. Warden has eight rooms and a bath-room. One
room, with one bed, set apart for hospital use. Dining-room used
as sitting-room. Fifteen sleeping-rooms, with sixteen beds. Two
bath-rooms, with hot and cold water. Two water-closets. Heating
by steam. Lighting by oil. Complete separation of sexes. Total
number of inmates during year, seventeen; largest number at one



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82 STATE BOARD OF CHARITY. [P. D. 17.

time; sixteen ; smallest number, twelve. Number at time of visita-
tion, fifteen, viz., eight men, six women, one boy. Three men do
general chores, one helps in house; two women do housework.
Ages: one under 2; two between 30 and 40; one between 50 and
60 ; three between 60 and 70 ; four between 70 and 80 ; two between
80 and 90 ; two between 90 and 100. Twelve inmates permanent,
three temporary. Two men mentally defective. Two able-bodied
inmates, a man and a woman, under sixty years of age. Ninety
acres of land; thirty acres ploughed; thirty acres tilled. Chief
products: milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $29,000. Total annual cost,
$8,675.80; net, $4,388.52. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$821.31.

Waltham. Population, 27,834*

Inspected September 2. 1913.

Warden, Harrison H. Bumford; matron, Mrs. Bumford; salary,
$1,000; served here thirty-one years. Warden also delivers sup-
plies to outdoor poor, without extra compensation. Warden has
seven rooms and a bath-room. Two rooms, with four beds, set
apart for hospital use. One sitting-room, a smoking-room, and a
library of books. Forty-two sleeping-rooms, with forty-seven beds.
Four bath-rooms, with hot and cold water. Eight water-closets.
Heating by steam. Lighting by electricity. Complete separation
of sexes. Total number of inmates during year, thirty-eight;
largest number at one time, twenty-six; smallest number, twenty-
two. Number a^f time of visitation, twenty-six, viz., fourteen men,
eleven women, one girl. Four men do general farm work; three
women help with housework, one sews and mends. Ages: one
between 2 and 5 ; one between 21 and 30 ; one between 30 and 40 ;
two between 40 and 50; five between 50 and 60; six between 60
and 70 ; eight between 70 and 80 ; two between 80 and 90. Twenty-
five inmates permanent, one temporary. One death during past
year. One man and two women mentally defective ; three men and
two women cripples. One able-bodied inmate, a woman, under
sixty years of age. Seventeen acres of land; six acres ploughed;
four acres tilled. Chief products: milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $36,000. Total annual co?t,
$4,447.65; net, $4,419.65. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$626.27.

Ware. Population, 8,774.

Inspected Februaiy 21, 1913.

Warden, Elmer Peeso; matron, Mrs. Peeso; salary, $700; served
here six years. One assistant, a woman, paid by town. Warden
has six rooms and a bath-room. Two rooms, with two beds, set



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Part III.] ALMSHOUSES. 83

apart for hospital use. One sitting-room aad a smoking-room.
TVenty-four sleeping-rooms, with twenty-four beds. Four bath-
rooms, with hot and cold water. Four water-closets. Heating by
steam. Lighting by gas. Complete separation of sexes. Total
number of inmates during year, twenty-three; largest number at
one time, fourteen; smallest number, seven. Number at time
of visitation, fourteen, viz., seven men, five women, one boy, one
girl. Three men do general farm work, two help in house; two
women help witli housework, one sews and mends. Ages: two
between 2 and 5 ; two between 30 and 40 ; three between 40 and 50 ;
one between 50 and 60; three between 60 and 70; two between
70 and 80; one between 80 and 90. Nine inmates permanent; five
temporary. One death during past year. One man and one woman
mentally defective; one man and one woman cripples; one man
blind. One able-bodied inmate, a woman, under sixty years of
age. One boarder, a man. Seventeen acres of land; six acres
ploughed; four acres tilled. Chief products: milk and vegetables.
Valuation of almshouse property, $22,746.79. Total annual cost,
$3,201.03; net, $2,259.63. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$263.99.

Warbham. Population, 4,102.

Inspected August 6, 1913.

Warden, Dominic McLaughlin; matron, Mrs. McLaughlin; salary,
$250 ; served here three weeks. Warden has four rooms. Dining-
room used as sitting-room. Fourteen sleeping-rooms and one
dormitory, with fifteen beds. One bath-room, with hot and cold
water. One water-closet; two privies. Heating by stoves. Light-
ing by oil. No separation of sexes. Total number of inmates during
year, seventeen; largest number at one time, eleven; smallest num-
ber, eight. Number at time of visitation, eleven, viz., nine men, two
women. One man cares for hens, three help with washing, one
helps in kitchen ; women do no work. Ages : one between 50 and 60 ;
two between 60 and 70 ; five between 70 and 80 ; two between 80 and
90 ; one between 90 and 100. All inmates permanent. Two deaths
during past year. One man mentally defective ; three men and one
woman cripples. Two boarders, men. One man supported by
Marion; one by Falmouth. Twenty-one tramps during year, sep-
arated from otiier inmates, lodged, fed, required to work. Four
and one-half acres of land; one and one-half acres ploughed; three
acres tilled. Chief products : vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $4,650. Total annual cost,
$1,556.03; net, $1,061.90. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$284.97.



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84 STATE BOARD OF CHARITY. [P. D. 17.



Warren. Population, 4,188.

Inspected October 10, 1913.

Warden, Carl M. Wheeler; matron, Mrs. Wheeler; salary, $650;
served here three and one-half years. One assistant, a man, paid by
town. Warden has eight rooms and a bath-room. One room, with
one bed, set apart for hospital use. Dining-room used as sitting-
room. One smoking-room. Fifteen sleeping-rooms, with eleven
beds. One bath-room, with hot and cold water. Two water-closets ;
two privies. Heating by steam. Lighting by oil. Complete separa-
tion of sexes, except at meals. Total number of inmates during
year, twelve ; largest number at one time, twelve ; smallest number,
ten. Number at time of visitation, ten, viz., five men, four women,
one boy. One man does general farm work, one washes milk cans,
one helps in house; two women help with housework. Ages: one
between 5 and 15; one between 21 and 30; one between 30 and 40;
one between 50 and 60; five between 60 and 70; one between 70
and 80. Nine inmates permanent, two temporary. Two men and
two women mentally defective ; one man blind. Two hundred and
sixteen acres of land ; ten acres ploughed ; seventy-five acres tilled.
Chief products : milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $10,206.64. Total annual cost,
$2,995.27; net, $1,201.11.

Watertown. Population, 12,875.

Inspected Janoary 15, 1918.

Warden, George H. White; matron, Mrs. White; salary, $624;
served here five and three-quarters years. Warden has charge of
town wood yard and delivers wood to outdoor poor, without extra
compensation. Two assistants, one man occasionally and one woman,
paid by town. Warden has six rooms and a bath-room. One room,
with four beds, set apart for hospital use. One sitting-room and a
smoking-room. Eleven sleeping-rooms, with twenty-five beds. Two
bath-rooms, with hot and cold water. Two water-closets ; one privy.
Heating by hot air and steam. Lighting by electricity. Complete
separation of sexes, except at meals. Total number of inmates dur-
ing year, twenty-nine ; largest number at one time, eighteen ; small-
est number, twelve. Number at time of visitation, seventeen, viz.,
five men, seven women, one boy, four girls. One man does light
chores ; two women help with housework. Ages : two under 2 ; two
between 2 and 6 ; one between 15 and 21 ; one between 21 and 30 ;
one between 30 and 40; two between 40 and 50; two between 50
and 60 ; five between 60 and 70 ; one between 70 and 80. Twelve
inmates permanent, five temporary. One woman mentally defec-
tive ; two men cripples. Two able-bodied inmates, one man and one



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Part III.] ALMSHOUSES. 85

woman, under sixty years of age. Two girls supported by Belmont.
Three and one-half acres of land; two and one-quarter acres
ploughed. Chief products : milk and vegetables.

Valuation of ahnshouse property, $39,000. Total annual cost,
$3,749.86; net, $2,277.87. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$257.68.

Webster. Population, 11,509.

Injected April 10, 1913.

Warden, Walter K. Armstrong; matron, Mrs. Armstrong; salary,
$600 ; served here three years. One assistant, a man, paid by town.
Warden has nine rooms and a bath-room. One room, with one bed,
set apart for hospital use. Dining-room used as a sitting-room.
One smoking-room. Twenty-one sleepipg-rooms, with twenty-seven
beds. Two bath-rooms, with hot and cold water. Four water-
closets; two privies. Heating by steam. Lighting by electricity.
Complete separation of sexes, except at meals. Total number of
inmates during year, thirty-two; largest number at one time,
twenty-four; smallest number, twenty-one. Number at time of
visitation, twenty-three, viz., eighteen men, five women. Two men
do general farm work, one does chores, two work at wood pile, two
help with housework, three help with washing; two women do house-
work. Ages : one between 30 and 40 ; one between 40 and 50 ; five
between 50 and 60 ; seven between 60 and 70 ; five between 70 and
80 ; three between 80 and 90 ; one between 90 and 100. Twenty-two
inmates permanent, one temporary. Two deaths during past year.
Two men and one woman mentally defective; three men cripples;
two men and one woman blind ; one man deaf and dumb. Six men
and one woman supported by Dudley. One tramp during year,
separated from other inmates, lodged, fed, not required to work.
One hundred acres of land ; twenty-five acres ploughed ; thirty acres
tilled. Chief products : milk, vegetables, and poultry.

Valuation of almshouse property, $13,728.20. Total annual cost,
$5,761.02; net, $2,651.17. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$312.62.

West Boylston. Population, 1,270.

Inspected June 12. 1013.

Warden, Myron D. Potter; matron, Mrs. Potter; salary, $650;
served here ten years. Two assistants, one man and one woman,
paid by town. Warden has seven rooms. One room, with one bed,
set apart for hospital use. Dining-room used as sitting-room. Ten
sleeping-rooms, with eleven beds. One bath-room, with hot and cold
water. Two water-closets ; one privy. Heating by steam. Lighting
by electricity. Complete separation of sexes, except at meals. Total
number of inmates during year, eleven ; largest number at one time,
eleven; smallest number, seven. Number at time of visitation.



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86 STATE BOARD OF CHARITY. [P. D. 17.

seven, viz., two men, five women. One man does light chores ; two
women wash and wipe dishes. Ages : one between 30 and 40 ; one
between 60 and 70 ; four between 70 and 80 ; one between 80 and 90.
All inmates permanent. One man and one woman mentally de-
fective; one man a cripple. One hundred and twenty-six acres of
land; twenty-two acres ploughed; twenty acres tilled. Chief prod-
ucts : milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $16,040.36. Total annual cost,
$4,297.33; net, $1,144.45. Cost of improvements and repairs,
$146.21.

West Bridgewater. Population, 2,231.

InqMOtad February 18, 1918.

Warden, Charles E. Felch; matron, Mrs. Pelch; salary, $400;
served here four years. Warden also drives school barge, without
extra compensation. One assistant, a man, paid by town. Warden
has seven rooms. One room, with one bed, set apart for hospital use.
One sitting-room and a smoking-room. Fifteen sleeping-rooms,
with twelve beds. Two bath-rooms, with hot and cold water. Two
water-closets. Heating by steam. Lighting by oil. Total number
of inmates during year, thrcte ; largest number at one time, three ;
smallest number, two. Number at time of visitation, two men. One
man brings in wood. Ages : two between 60 and 70. Both inmates
permanent. One death during past year. One man mentally de-
fective. One boarder, a man. Ninety-three acres of land; eight
acres ploughed ; thirty-three acres tilled. Chief products : milk and
vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $3,847.10. Total annual cost,
$2,932.84; net, $993.96.

West Brookpield. Population, 1,327.

iDspected July 22. 1913.

Warden, Elmer Potter; matron, Mrs. Potter; salary, $500; served
here four months. Warden also delivers wood to outdoor poor, witii-
out extra compensation. One assistant, a man, paid by the town.
Warden has seven rooms. One sitting-room and a library of books.
Seven sleeping-rooms, with seven beds. One bath-room, with hot
and cold water in winter, cold water in summer. Two privies.
Heating by steam. Lighting by oil. Total number of inmates dur-
ing year, three; largest number at one time, three; smallest num-
ber, one. Number at time of visitation, one man, between 80 and
90 years of age; permanent; does light chores. One hundred and
fifty-six acres of land; ten acres ploughed; twelve acres tilled.
Chief products : milk and vegetables.

Valuation of almshouse property, $6,275. Total annual cost,
$2,941.50 ; net, $1,319. Cost of improvements and repairs, $260.



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Part mj ALMSHOUSES. 87



Wbstborough. Poptdation, 5,446.

Inspected May 18, 1918.

Warden, Eichard H. Buzzell ; matron, Mrs. Buzzell; salary, $600;



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