Massachusetts. State Board of Charity.

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were females.

Table IX. calls attention more pointedly to the sex and the
nature of discharge from relief of those persons who passed
out of aid during the year. Of the 37,556 cases so dismissed,
20,163 were males and 17,393 were females. Thirty-three per
cent, or 12,424, were released to the care of relatives or friends.
In this group the females preponderated slightly. About 4 per
cent, or 1,552 of the whole number, were transferred to other
institutions, while 7.4 per cent, namely, 2,785, died. The re-
mainder, or 20,795, representing 55.3 per cent of the a^regate,
were discharged without relatives or friends or other authorities



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Part III.] STATISTICS OF POOR RELIEF. 101

agreeing to look after them. The great majority in this last
group were persons assisted through illness, after which they
became self-supporting again.

As appears from Table X. the foreign bom who were receiv-
ing public relief during the year, numbered 23,926, or 33.5 per
cent of the entire number of persons aided. This percentage
exceeds the proportion of foreign bom in the population gener-
ally (81.4 per cent) by 2.1 per cent Canada fumished 5,928
of this number; England, 2,134; Germany, 401; Ireland,
8,851; Italy, 1,763; Russia, 1,616; Scandinavia, 429; and
Scotland, 623. All other countries, 2,281.

Table XI. shows the percentage of the various classes aided
to the whole number relieved. Thus of the 71,411 persons
relieved, exclusive of indigent persons in residence at the
State Infirmary and the State Farm on April 1, 1912, 76.80
per cent were settled cases, receiving their assistance out of
local taxes ; 23.20 per cent were unsettled, and though relieved
by the respective cities and towns in the first instance in a
majority of cases, were ultimately aided out of the State tax.
As to the place in which relief was given, 27.99 per cent of
the total were aided in institutions, namely, 16.68 per cent, in
almshouses, 6.54 per cent in State institutions, and a small
residue of 4.77 per cent in other institutions, mostly under
private management. Outdoor relief, designated as aid " out-
side," was given in 72.01 per cent of all the cases. Most of
these, namely, 69.86 per cent., were relieved in their own homes.
Aid was given in private families other than the recipients
own, — mostly boarded cases, — in 2.15 per cent.

Percentages of age show that 43.5 per cent were minors,
38.3 per cent were between the ages of twenty-one and sixty,
and 14.9 per cent were sixty or over. The ages of 3.1 per
cent, were unknown.

Sexes were almost even, females rating 50 per cent

The number of colored persons was very small, totaling only
1.7 per cent.

By reason of thorough-going classification in the care of de-
fectives, the percentage of those mentally deficient persons still

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102 STATE BOARD OF CHARITY. [P. D. 17.

cared for as poor-relief eases is exceedingly small, and tends
always to decrease. The mental condition of all the cases aided
shows, on analysis, that 99.14 per cent, were sane, 0.39 per
cent were insane, 0.36 per cent were idiotic, and 0.11 per
cent, were epileptic. The proportion of sane persons in last
year's returns was 98.08 per cent.

It is further of interest to view at a glance the numerical
relationship to the whole population of the persons relieved at
public ezpense as appears in Table XII., which exhibits the
number of each class in every thousand of the population of
the State on a basis of the census of 1910. Thus it is shown
that in each thousand of the population there were 21.21 indi-
gent persons relieved at public expense. Ten and forty-five
one-hundredths of these were males, and 10.76 were females.
The native bom numbered 13.78 in the thousand; foreign
bom, 7.11 ; native bora of foreign parentage, 6.26 ; and those of
unknown nativity, 0.32. The proportion of vagrants reported
was 4.20 in the thousand.

Cost of Poob Relief.
The funds laid out by the several cities and towns for all
poor relief within their respective fiscal years are shown in
Table XIII. The aggregate is classified as " ordinary '^ or
maintenance, and " extraordinary '* or special. Together with
the ordinary outlays are shown the receipts on Recount of main-
tenance, and the difference, set out under "net ordinary ex-
penditures.^' The ordinary outlay is classified as expenses in
institutions and outside. This subdivision follows the classifica-
tions in Table I. regarding the nature and the place of aid.
The grand totals in Table XIII. show that an aggregate of
$2,909,952.91 was laid out by the several cities and towns. Of
this sum, $2,872,802.37 was ordinary outlay, or maintenance;
the remainder, or $37,150.54, was expended for sundry im-
provements, all of it at the city and town almshouses. Of the
money laid out for maintenance, $1,285,940.60 was expended
for almshouse care and $238,849.62 for relief in other institu-
tions. Care in private families took $215,039.10, and relief
in the recipients' own home, i.e., outdoor poor relief, totaled

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Part III.] STATISTICS OF POOR RELIEF. 103

$881,395.49.. The cost of administration, including salary and
office expenses of the overseers, but exclusive of institution ad-
ministration, came to $251,577.66. The total receipts on ac-
count of ordinary expenditures were $606,266.05, classified as
receipts on account of institutions, $337,426.69, and all other,
$268,839.36. This latter portion of the receipts is made up
mostiy of reimbursements by cities and towns ultimately liable,
and from the State treasury in imsettied cases. Subtracting
receipts leaves $2,266,618.06 as the net ordinary outlay.

In Table XIV. the analysis shown for cities and towns by
Table XIII. is carried out for cases aided out of State funds.
Of the $623,890.66 expended for this purpose, $579,548.94 was
on account of ordinary expenditures, laid out as follows : at the
State Infirmary, $306,012.10; at the State Farm, $38,249.09;
at the four State sanatoria, $87,702.41 ; at the Hospital School,
$10,716.45 ; and all other expenditures, outside of institutions,
$136,868.89. Extraordinary expenditures totaled $44,341.72,
— all expended for special improvements at the several insti-
tutions just enimierated. Inasmuch as it is impossible to trace
institution expenditures to the separate individuals receiving
the aid, the figures set out under the State tables of cost are
arrived at by taking from total expenditures that proportion
which the number relieved bears to the total inmate population
of the institution.

In Table XV. State and local outiays are added, showing
that, of the $2,927,577.52 expended for public poor relief,
$2,846,085.26 was for ordinary outlays, of which $1,630,043.58
went for institutional relief, and $1,216,041.68 was for relief
outside. The total of extraordinary expenditures was $81,-
492.26, divided into $70,390.09 on account of institutional
relief and $11,102.17 for all other purposes.



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104



STATE BOARD OF CHARITY. [P. D. 17.



STATISTICS OP POOR REUEF.



Table I. — Number of Poor Persona Supported or Relieved during the
Year ending March 31^ 1913, by Cities and Towns in InstitutionSy in
Private Families^ and in their Ovm HomeSj classified by Towns.







Aggre-

gate


Ik iKsnTxmoNs


OU'IBIDS


CITIES AND
TOWNS


Total


In Alms-
houses


In Other
Insti.


Total


In Pri-
vate


In their
Own








tutions




Families


Homes


Abincton .


80


10


3


7


70


10


60


Acton




39


6


3


2


34


-


34


Aoushnet .




18


-




-


18


4


14


Adams




822


80


24


6


292


9


283


^c:r :




44


11


8


8


33


3


80




2


1


-


1


1






Amssbuiy




247


39


34


6


208


8


200


Amherst .




36


18


9


4


22


7


15


Andover .




lis


27


16


12


88


9


79


Ariinston .




86


4


-


4


88


14


68






17


10


8


2


7


1


6


Ashby




6


2


1


1


4


1


8


Ashfisld .




10








10


4


6


Ashland .




26


9


9


~


16


.


16


Athol




126


90


16


4


106


13


92


Attlebocoufh




2M


32


26


6


262


3


280


Auburn




24


9


2


7


16


1


14


Avon




36


1





1


84


2


S3


Aywr




22


4


3


1


18


2


16


Barnstable




44


16


16




28


8


90


Barre




20


7


6


2


13


1


12


Beoket .




14


1


>


1


13


12


1


Bedfofd .




9


4


4




6




5


Belobertown




16


1


1


-


14


6


9


Bellinftham




9


• 7


7


-


2




2


Belmont .




87


2


1


1


36


2


SS


Berkley .




80


1


1




29


8


21


Berlin




13


1


1


-


12


2


10


Bemardston




4


1




1


3


8




Beverly .




002


86


64


21


817


6


811


Billerioa .




11


6


4


2


6


2


3


Blaokstone




64


18


18




36




86


Blandford




11





<-


-


11


1


10


Bolton




7


-


~


-


7


8


4


Boston




9,680


2.641


2,672


69


6.989


102


6.837


Bourne




90


2





2


18


2


16


Boxborough




6




-




6


1


5


Boxford .




4


8





3


1


1


_


Boylston .




9


8


2


6


1


1


.


Braintree .




162


9


7


2


168


IS


140






12


1




1


U


6


5


BridctBTwaier




96


16


14


1


81


8


73


Brimfield .




4


-


•>





4


2


2


Brockton .




1.439


133


114


19


1.306


8


1.298


Brookfield




30


12


■ 9


3


18


-


18


Brookline




131


36


19


16


96


2


94


Buckland




7


4


1


3


8


•.


3


Burlington
CambiSdge




11


1


-


1


10


8


7




2,070


396


231


166


1.674


21


1,663


Canton




60


6


6


1


44


10


34


Carlisle .




8


8


8










Carvw




17


4


-


4


13


1


• 12


Charlemont




6


-


-


-


6


2


4


Charlton .




30


4


4


.


26




26


Chatham .




14






-


14


6


8


Chelmsford




37


14


12


2


23




23


ChelsM .




1,414


189


10


179


1.226


84


1,191


Cheshiro .




37


6


-


6


81


3


28


Chester .




18


4


2


2


14


2


12


Chesterfield






-


-










Chioopee .




859


83


62


21


.776


.


776


Chilmark .




1




-




1


1




Clarksburg




21


2


-


2


19


8


16






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I



Part ni.] STATISTICS OF POOR RELIEF.



105



NUMBER OF POOR PERSONS SUPPORTED OR RELXEVED.



Table I. — Number of Poor Persons Supported or Relieved during the
Year ending March SI, 1913, by Cities and Toums in InstUiUtons, in
Private Families, and in their Own Homes, dassifisd by Towns — Con-
tinued.





Aggre-
gate


Ik IwanTDTiowB




OXTTBEDB




aXIES AND
TOWNS


Total


In Alms-
houses


In Other
Insti-


Total


In Pri-
vate


In their
Own








tutions




Families


Homes


CUnton .


IM


62


86


26


104




104


CohMset .


60


13


13




56




55


Colnin .


11


-


-


-


11




10


CoDOord .


5S


12





8


40




40


Conway .
Cunimington


4
S


4
1


4


1


2






Dalton .


50


7


8




48




30


Dana . . .


9


6


5




8




1


Danven .


M


16


6


10


80




60




118


17


12




101




07


Dedham .


188


27


13


14


141




124


Dearfidd . . .


18


4


4




14




12


Dennit


62


12


7




50




40


Difhton .


ao


1


1




10




17


Douglas .


86


18


5




28




20


Dov«r


7


-







7




5


Diaout


30


10


3




20




26


Dudley . . .


80


16


8




64




61




7


1


1




6




6


Duzbury .

East Bridcewater .


18
44


6
10


5






7
84




5
33


East Lonf meadow .


18


-


-


.-


12




12


Eastham . . .


4


2







2






Easthampton .


70


24


17




1 U




55


Easton


165


12


7




143




141


Edffwtown


16


>







16




10


Egiemont


8


-


_




8




8


Enfield


7


<-






7




3


Erving . .


34


3


1




21




17


Ebsex . . .


27


12


10




15




15


Everett .


506


46


12


84


552




534


Ftkirhaven


40


11


11




38




37


Fall River


4,741


1307


1.778


34


2,084




2367


Falmouth


45


14


12




31




^


Fitohburg


867


02


66


36


775




774


Florida . . .


6


1






5




3


Fozborough


48


12


10




30




22


Framingham .


225


65


33


32


160




160


Franklin .


72


10







62




56


Freetown .


80


4


2




85




38


Gardner .


866


67


80


28


200




202


Gay Head
















Qeofietown . .


24


6


6


-


18




18


Oill . . . .
















Gloucester


1,008


157


120


28


086




028


Goahen .


1








1






Goanold .




.


.


.






«


Grafton .


66


18


17


1


48




46


Granby .
GranviUe.


-


-





-


-






4


1





1


8




8


Great Barrington


00


8


3


5


82




71


Greenfield . .


80


21


16


5


68




66


Greenwich


5


5


4


1


-






Groton


11





7


2


2




1


GiDTeland


13


8


5


3


5




5


Hadley .


28


2


2




21




17


Halifax


3


2


-


2


1






Hamilton


10


1


1




18




14


Hampden


8


3


1


2


5




4


Hancock .


5


2





2


3




2




30


7


4


8


23




22



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106



STATE BOARD OF CHARITY. [P. D. 17.



STATISTICS OF POOR RELIEP.



Table I. — Number of Poor Persons Supported or Bdieved during the
Year ending March 31, 191$, by Cities and Towns in Institutions, in
Private Families, and in their Ovm Homes, classified by Towns — Con-
tioued.







Aggre-
gate




OtJTBDB


CITIES AND
TOWNS


Total


In Alms-
houses


In Other
Insti-


Total


In Pri-
vate


In their
Own








tutions




Families


Homes


Hauon .


19


4


4


.


15




14


Hwdwiok




44


7


4


8


37




32


Harrard .




2


2


2










Harwich .




41


6


6


-


85




»


Hatfield .




24






.


24




22


HaverhiU.




1.402


680


195


485


772




767


Hawley .




1


-


-


-


1







Heath




6


.


.


-


6




5


HiiiCham .




90


21


14


7


78




78


Hinsdale .




8


-





-


8




5


Holbrook.




48


<-





-


48




41


Holden .




86


11


8


8


24




28


Holland .




8


<-


-


-


3




2


blliston .




42


26


22


8


17




14


olyoke .




2.898


458


890


63


1.940


18


1.922


opedale .




10


5


2


8


5




5


Hopkdnton
Hubbardcton




84
18


20
8


18
2


2

1


14
10




11
10


Hudson .




104


82


22


10


132




131


Hull.




45


2


-


2


48




43


Huntin£ton




26


7


2


6


19




18


Ipmoh .
Kini^ton .




81
17


19


8


11


62
17


11


61
13


LakeviUe .




8


3


2


1


5




3






61


17


15


2


44




37






26


1


1


-


25




24


Lawrence .




8,616


965


756


229


2.681


12


2.619


Lee .




28


11


11


-


12




8


Leioeeter .




6


•4


8


1


1




1


Lenox




17


7


4


3


10




6


Leomineter




410


84


22


12


376


14


S62


Lererett .




18


-


_





18




17


Lexington




29


10


7


8


19


3


16


Leyden .




2




-




2




1


Lincoln .




6


8


-


8


2




2






9


4


1


8


5




1


Longmeadow




5


4


2


2


1


_


1


LoweU




8.884


1.485


1.292


198


1349




1340


Ludlow .




78


-




-


73


12


61


Lunenburg




10


7


7


.


8


-


3


Lynn




2.014


208


189


14


1311


21


1.790


Lynnfield




3


8


8


.








Maiden .




960


804


85


219


656




652


Maneheater




27


9


9




18




17


Mansfield




65


8


6


2


67


21


36






262


54


41


13


208




201


Marion . .




18


2




2


16




12


Marlborough .




366


104


72


32


268


14


248


Marshfield




16


6


6


-


10




8


Mashpee .




8


-








8




8


MatUpoisett




19


2


2


-


17




16


Marnard .
Medfield .




85
9


7
6


5
5


2

1


28
8




28
3


Medford .




255


49


22


27


206




199


Medway .




67


15


9


6


62




47


Melroee . .




180


19


8


11


161







Mendon . .




6








6




1






82


2


-


2


30




25


Methuen .




182


26


20


5


107




101


Middleborough


242


22


15


7


220


19


201


Middlefield . .


1


1




1









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Part III.] STATISTICS OF POOR RELIEF.



107



NUMBER OP POOR PERSONS SUPPORTED OR RELIEVED.



Table I. — Number of Poor Persons Supported or Relieved during the
Year ending March 31, 1913, by Cities and Towns in Institulions, in
Private Families, and in their Ovm Homes, classified by Tovms — Con-
tinued.







Aggre-
•ate


In iMtfi'fl'UTK


DNS


Outbid ■


CITIES AND
TOWNS


Total


In Alms-
houses


In Other
Insti-


Total .


InPri-
vate


In their
Own








tutions




Ftoiilies


Homes


Middleton


4


1


1




3




3


Milford .


280


56


56


_


174


8


166


MiUbury .


79


30


16


14


49


7


42


Millia . . .


,17


2


1


1


15


1


14


Milton


67


17


8


9


50


5


45


Monroe


-





-


-








Monwn .


29


15


14


1


14


-


14


Montacue


97


17


16


1


80


2


78


Monterey .


1








-


1


1


-


Montgomery .
Mount Washington .


3

1


"■


_


_


3

1


2

1


1


Nahant .


5


1


-


1


4




4


Nantucket


67


86


85


1


31


1


30


Natick


176


44


30


14


132


5


127


Needham


56


U


2


9


44


13


31


NewAahford .








-


-


-




New Bedford .


2^


387


377


10


1^55


28


1.832


New Braintree


2








2


1


1


New Marlborough .


3


.


-


-


3


1


2


New Salem


6





-


-


6


4


2


Newbury .




18





-


-


13


2


11


Newburyport




377


62


58


4


315


-


315


Newton .




506


53


47


6


452


12


440


Norfolk .




18


1




1


12




12


North Adama




422


67


41


26


356


8


347


North Andover


73


8


6


2


65




65


North Attleborough


90


22


19


3


68


7


61


North Bit)okfield .


78


17


14


3


61


1


60


North Reading • .


14


2


2




12


6


6


Northampton .


488


59


42


17


379


4


375


Northborough




52


2


2


-


50


7


43


Northbridge




83


31


16


15


52


.


52


Northfield




9


1





1


8


4


4


Norton .




26


1


1


-


25


1


24


NorweU .




46


2


2





44




44


Norwood .




90


11


2


9


79


17


62


Oak Bluffs




7








7


6


1


Oakham .




9


1


■>


1


8


-


8


Orange




94


4


2


2


90


8


82


Orleans .




7


1


-.


1


6


5


1


Otis .




3




-




3


2


1


Oxford




26


15


8


7


11


8


8


Palmer .




95


17


17


-


78




78


Parton




2


2


1


1


-


-




Peabody .




270


55


50


5


215


.


215


Pelham .




7






-


7


1


6


Pembroke




21


6


6


-


15


2


13


Pepperell .




76


13


12


1


62


4


58


Peru




-


-





-


-


-




Petersham




18


2


_


2


16


13


3


Philllpeton
Pittsfidd .








-












873


1^


87


41


745


16


729


Platnfield.




3








3


3




Plainville.




4


2


2


-


2


2


.


Plymouth




273


35


21


14


238


1


287


Plympton




8







-


8


1


7


Presoott .




2


-


-


•>


2


1


1


Princeton




6


1


1


-


5


3


2


Provincetown




129


19


10


9


110


2


108


Quincy




593


193


53


140


400


8


392


Randolph


63


31


31


~


32


2


30



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108



STATE BOARD OF CHARITY. [P. D. 17.



STATISnGS OF POOR BELIEF.



Table I. — Number of Poor PorwM Supported or Relieved during the
Year ending March SI, 1918, by CiHee and Towne in InstituUone, in
Private FamiUee, and in their Own Homee, daeeified by Towne — Con-
tinued.







Aggre-
gate


Iw Unrmvn


OH*


OumsB


TOWNB


Total


In Alms-
boons


In Other
InstH


Total


In Pri-
vate


In their
Own








tUtkHM




Fsmilies


Homes


Rftynhftin


11




2








3


6


Readinc .




34




5





29


-


29


Itohobath




8




2


-


6


3


3


Rev«re




80«


63


5


57


244


23


221






4




4


-





-


-


Rochester




S




1


-


2


•>


2


Rookland




175


13


11




169


17


145


Rookport •




74


18


12




56


1


55


Rowe




8









2


2





Rowley .




48




3




45


1


44


Royalalon




82








32


4


28


RoMeU .




17




-




10


5


5


Rutland .




7




1




8


1


2


Bakm




1.861


268


154


100


1.688


14


1.674


Salisbiaxy .




18








17


5


IS


Sandiifield




4




-




4


2


2


Sandwich




36




-




23


1


23


8augU8 .




106




8




97


5


93


Savoy




6









5


5





Bdtuate .




64




1




62


13


40


Seekonk .




12




1




11


-


11


Sharon




18




5




13


1


13


Sheffield .




12








11


6


5


Shelbome




6




-




3


1


3


Sherborn .




10




2




8


-


8


Shirley .




10




1




16


2


14


Shrewibury




8




5




I


-


1


Shuteebury




18








14


.


14


Somerwt .




61


12


10




39


. —


30


SomenrOle




1.178


187


64


183


991


19


973


South Hadley




67


12


8


11


48


-


48






16




-




10




7






20


-


-




90




19


Southbridce




268


41


22


19


227




336


Southwiok




7










7




4


Spencw




45


28


23




22




33


Sprinifield




132»


584


440


144


1.245




IW


Sterling .




8




1




6




S


Stookbridce




17




6




9







Stoneham




167




17




148




134


Stoughton




79









70




70


Stow




6




3




2







Sturbridge




26




9




15




18


Sudbury .




4




4


-


-







Sunderland




-




-





-




•-


Sutton




84




6


13


65




63


Swampeoott




49




-




49




45


Swansea .




15




6


-


9




7


Taunton .




720


218


211


7


502


11


401


Templeton
TewCbury




86




3


5


28




38




5




8


-


2




3


Tisbury .
Tolland .




21




.


-


21




13




I




_


-


1




-


Topefield .




8




1


1


6




2


Townaend




18




4


-


14







Truro




4








4




1


Tyngiborough




5




-


-


5




5


Tyringham
Upton




10
20




10


1


10
9




10
8


Uzbridge .
Wakefield




30




8


3


19




19




182


20


19


1


112




110



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Part III.] STATISTICS OF POOR RELIEF.



109



NUMBER OF POOR PERSONS SUPPORTED OR RELIEVED.



Online LibraryMassachusetts. State Board of CharityAnnual report → online text (page 59 of 60)