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In commemoration of the life and public services of Frederic T. Greenhalge, late governor of the commonwealth online

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^In Commemoration



LIFE AND PUBLIC SERVICES



Frederic T, Greenhalge,



LATE GOVERNOR OF THE COMMONWEALTH.



PRINTED BY ORDER OF THE GENERAL COURT.



€ommonfa£aIt|[ of "^nssnt^n&tiU.



IN THE YEAR ONE THOUSAND EIGHT HUNDRED AND NINETY-SIX.



Resolve

TO PROVIDE FOR PUBLISHING A REPORT OF THE PUBLIC EXERCISES

COMMEMORATIVE OF FREDERIC T. GREENHALGE, LATE

GOVERNOR OF THE COMMONWEALTH.

OESOLYED, That there be allowed and paid out of the treas-
ury of the Commonwealth a sum not exceeding one thousand
dollars to meet the expense of publishing the report of the public
exercises, held under the direction of the executive and legisla-
tive departments of the Commonwealth, commemorative of the
life and public services of Frederic T. Greeuhalge, late governor
of the Commonwealth. Said report shall be printed under the
direction of the secretary of the Commonwealth and shall include
a portrait of the late governor, the introductory remarks by His
Honor Lieutenant-Governor Roger Wolcott, the prayer oflFered by
the Rev. Edward Everett Hale and the eulogy pronounced by
United States Senator Henry Cabot Lodge, also an appendix
wherein shall be printed the programme at the public exercises
and the resolutions adopted by the legislature.

There shall be printed a sufficient number of co^Mes thereof to
be distributed as follows : To the family of the late governor,



THE GREENHALGE MEMORIAL.



twenty-five copies, to the lieutenant-governor, members of the
executive council, the secretary, treasurer, auditor, and attorney-
general of the Commonwealth, ten copies each, and to the secre-
taries and messengers of the executive department, each one copy.
To each member and officer of the General Court for the year
eighteen hundred and ninety-six, ten copies. To each messenger
and page of the General Court, and to each State House watch-
man and elevator man, one copy. To each reporter regularly
assigned a seat in the reporters' gallery, one coi)y. To the orator
and chaplain of the day, each twenty-five copies. To each
senator and representative from the Commonwealth in the con-
gress of the United States, one copy. To the State library, twenty
copies. To each free public library' in the Commonwealth, one
copy. To each city and town of the Commonwealth in which
there is no free public library, one copy. To each historical
society in the Commonwealth, one copy. To each state and terri-
tory in the United States, one copy. To the secretary of the
Commonwealth for distribution at his discretion, two hundred
copies. Approved May 15.



CONTENTS.



Introduction,

Remarks by His Honor Roger Wolcott,
Prayer by Rev. E. E. Hale, D.D.,
Eulogy by Hon. Henry Cabot Lodge,
Programme of Public Exercises,
Resolutions of the General Court,

Proclamation,

Memorial Tribute by the Council,



PAGE

7
19
23
27
55
59
61
63



Introduction.



7T T a meeting of the Executive Council held on
/l Thursda}', March 5, 1896, at ten o'clock in the fore-
noon, His Honor the Lieutenant-Governor announced
the death of His Excellency Frederic T. Greenhalge.
The Council thereupon advised the issuing of the
proclamation which is printed on page 61 of this
volume. A committee, consisting of Councillors Har-
low, Southwick and Eyder, was appointed to draft
and report suitable resolutions, and also to confer with
His Honor the Lieutenant-Governor and a joint com-
mittee of the Legislature regarding arrangements for
the funeral.

It was also voted to invite the ex-members of the
Executive Council who served during the term of
Governor Greenhalge to accompany the Lieutenant-
Governor and the Council to the funeral.

On Thursday, March 5, 1896, both In-anches of the
General Court were in receipt of the following com-
munication : —



THE GREENHALGE MEMORIAL.



Commonwealth of Massachusetts,
Executive Department, Boston, March 5, 1896.

To the Honorable Senate and House of Bejjresentatives.

His Excellency Frederic T. Greenhalge, Governor of
the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, died at his lionie
in Lowell this fifth day of March at 12.30 a. jr. It is
with a profound sense of personal sorrow that I nialve
this official announcement to your honorable bodies.

Not for seventy-one years has the Commonwealth
been called to mourn the death of her supreme execu-
tive magistrate during his term of oflice. Tlie grief
which her loyal citizens wouhl ever feel at the un-
timel}^ death of one in high ofiicc is increased by
their ai)preciation of the al)ility, fidelity and courage
which Governor Greenhalge lias displayed in the per-
formance of his lal)orious and responsil)le duties. His
devotion to the l)est interests of the Connnonwealth
has been conscientious and unremitting. He has not
spared time or strength in her service.

By his manly independence of thought and speech,
by his high sense of loyalty and patriotism, and by
his kindliness of nature, he has endeared himself to
all her citizens. His memory is safe in their keeping.
His name will find permanent place on the roll of
those who have faithfully and ably served the Com-
monwealtli of Massachusetts.



INTRODUCTION.



Your honorable bodies will doubtless take such
action as may seem to you befitting this solemn occa-
sion, and I shall endeavor to meet the convenience of
any committees that may be appointed, with the view
of conferrino; as to the Ijest methods of showinoj
respect to his honored memory.

Roger Wolcott,

LieiUcnaiit- Governor, Actinrj Governor.



The message of the Acting Governor was read and
referred to a joint special committee, consisting of
President Lawrence and Messrs. Pearson, Galloupe
and Roe of the Senate, witli Speaker Meyer and
Messrs. Myers of Cambridge, Hayes of Lowell, Slade
of Fall River, George of Haverhill, LTtley of Brook-
line, Tolman of Pittsfield and Moriarty of Worcester
of the House. This committee was instructed to con-
fer with His Honor the Lieutenant-Governor and re-
port what action should be taken by the General
Court. Both branches then adjourned as a mark of
respect to the memory of the late Governor.

On the following day, March 6, the joint special
committee, having conferred with His Honor the Lieu-
tenant-Governor, reported in part as follows : —



10 THE GREENHALGE MEMORIAL.

"In accordance with the expressed wishes of the
immediate family of Governor Greenhalge, the funeral
services will take place in the First Congregational
Church of Lowell on Monday next. The fiimily are
averse to a military display and have felt obliged
to decline the general wish that the l)ody lie in state.
Salutes will be fired on Boston Common and in the
city of Lowell during the day. Owing to the restricted
space available in the church and the wide-spread
desire of the several departments of the State govern-
ment, of city governments and of organized bodies
representing professional, business and patriotic soci-
eties to attend, it is found necessary to announce to
the pul)lic that the funeral services must necessarily
be of a somewhat private nature. Your committee,
after consultation with the Acting Governor and the
committee of the Council, have decided that a public
memorial service should be held in the city of Bos-
ton, under the auspices of the Commonwealth, on
Patriots' Day; and, at this service, the attendance of
representative delegations would l)e expected and pro-
vided for. A formal memorial address would be deliv-
ered by some distinguished orator, and such other
exercises held as would be l)cfitting the dignity of the
Commonwealth and the honorable memory of the late
Governor. The connuittee recommend that a joint



INTRODUCTION.



11



committee of the two ])ranches, consisting of the Presi-
dent and twenty members of the Senate with the
Speaker and one hundred members of the House of
Eepresentatives, be appointed to attend the funeral."

The report was adopted, and in accordance there-
with the joint committee was constituted as follows : —



SENATORS.
President, George P. Lawrexce.



Messrs. Sanger.
GallouiDe.
Wellman.
Darling.
Irwin.
Maccabe.
Blodgett.



Messrs. Mai one.
Corbett.
Roe.
Pearson.
Quinn.
Hutchinson.
Atherton,



Messrs. Perkins.

McMorrow.

Reed.

Soule.

Bartlett.

Woodfall.



REPRESENTATIVES.



SjKuker, Georg

Messrs. Cochran of Boston
Bradley of Boston
Shaw of Boston.
Donovan of Boston.
McCarthy of Boston.
Rourke of Boston.
Carroll of Boston.
King of Boston.
Reed of Boston



E V. L. Meyer.
Messrs. Ilolden of Boston.
Douglass of Boston.
Gallivan of Boston.
Xorton of Boston.
Reidy of Boston.
Keliher of Boston.
Krebs of Boston.
Quirk of Boston.
Davis of Boston.



12



THE GREENHALGE MEMORIAL.



Messrs. Tuttle of Boston.

Mitchell of Boston.
Barnes of Chelsea.
Roberts of Chelsea.
George of Haverhill.
Webster of Haverhill.
Flynn of Lawrence.
Dow of Lawrence.
Howe of Georgetown.
Bailey of Newbury.
Lord of Ipswich.
Tarr of Gloucester.
Brown of Gloucester.
Stocker of Beverly.
Gauss of Salem.
Russell of Salem.
Fogg of Lynn.
Allen of Lynn.
Quint of Peabody.
Myers of Cambridge.
Dickinson of Cambridge.
Fillmore of Cambridge.
Evans of Cambridge.
Stevens of Somerville.
Mayo of Medford.
Brown of Everett.
Jones of Melrose.
Bancroft of Reading.
Bond of Waltham.
Ilayden of Bedford.



Messrs. Rourke of Lowell.
Putnam of Lowell.
O'Connor of Lowell.
Rosier of Lowell.
Hayes of Lowell.
Stevens of Dracut.
Hoban of Lowell.
Woodbury of Hopkinton.
Adams of Framingham.
Kelton of Petersham.
Fairbank of Warren.
Thurston of Northbridge.
Cooke of Milford.
Howard of Clinton.
Cowee of West Boylston.
Weymouth of Fitchburg.
Rice of Worcester.
Moriarty of Worcester
Melaven of Worcester.
Addis of Northampton.
Storrs of ^Vare.
Van Deusen of Westfield.
Sheehan of Holyoke.
Fuller of Springfield.
Stone of Springfield.
King of Monson.
Kenefick of Palmer.
Parsons of Greenfield.
Mayo of Montague.
Kearn of North Adams.



INTRODUCTION.



13



Messrs. Tolman of Pittsfield.

Ray of Great Barrington.
Humi^hrey of Dedham.
Utley of Brookline.
Light of Hyde Park.
Flint of Weymouth.
Gallison of Franklin.
Bailey of Plymouth.
Hammond of Xorwell.
Gray of Rocklaad.
Hanson of Brockton.



Messrs. Tilton of Brockton.

Porter of X. Attleboro'.
Wheaton of Attleboro'.
AVaterman of Taunton.
Holt of Taunton.
Davis of Freeto\vii.
Denham of New Bedford.
Francis of New Bedford.
Mills of Fall River.
Crocker of Barnstable.
Gardner of Nantucket.



On the same day an act wa.s pas.sed, under suspen-
sion of the rules, authorizing the heads of the several
departments and commissions of the State government
to close their offices on the day of the funeral. Both
branches of the General Court adjourned over until
Tuesday, the 10th of March.

On Monday, March 9, the several departments of
the government of the Commonwealth, under the gen-
eral direction of the Sergeant-at-Arms, Capt. John
G. B. Adams, proceeded to Lowell, where the funeral
exercises were held in the First Congregational Church,
beginning at the hour of 2.30 o'clock p.m. The ser-
vices were as follows : —



14 THE GREENHALGE MEMORIAL.

ORDER OF SERVICE.

Organ. Funeral March, Chopin

Reading of the Scriptures.

Chant. "I will lift up mine eyes," . . . Dr. Elvery

Address, Rev. George Batciielor.

Hymn. "Go to the Grave," Dr. Hopkins

Death of a Christian in his Prime.

Prayer.

"Cast thy burden upon the Lord," .... Mendelssohn

Benediction.

Organ, . . . March, from Beclhovcn''s Eroica Sijmphonij

The burial was in the Lowell Cemetery.

The resolutions on the death of the Governor
(printed on page 59) were considered in the Senate,
Thursday, April 2, and in the House, Tuesday, April
7, remarks thereon being made by Senators Pearson,
Dallinger, Hoe, Irwin, Galloupe, Everett, Morse and
Sullivan, and by Representatives Myers of Cambridge,
Moriarty of Worcester, Hayes of Lowell, Tolman of
Boston, Krcbs of Boston, Brown of Everett, Harwood
of Newton, Kourke of lioston. Creed of Boston, Evans



INTRODUCTION. J 5



of Camln-idgc and Heed of Boston. The resolutions
were unanimously adopted hy a rising vote in each
Ijranch.

At a conference l)etween the committees of the Ex-
ecutive Council and the General Court, a special com-
mittee, consisting of Hon. John M. Harlow of the
Executive Council, Hon. George P. Lawrence, Presi-
dent of the Senate, and Hon. George v. L. Meyer,
Speaker of the House of Representatives, was appointed
to make arrangements for pul)lic exercises in Mechanics
Hall. This committee appointed Mr. Courtenay Guild
of Boston as its secretary and executive officer.

At a meeting of the Executive Council held on
Thursday, March 12, Councillor Harlow, for the com-
mittee appointed to draft resolutions, reported a Memo-
rial Triluite (printed on page 63 of this volume), Avhich
was unanimously adopted by a risino- vote.

Saturday, April 18, the day before Patriots' Day,
the legislative commemoration of the life and services
of the late Governor was held in Mechanics Hall,
Boston. The hall had been beautifully bedecked with
flowers, while the drapery of mourning Avas relieved
with a plentiful display of red, white and blue. In
addition to the principal civil and military officers of
the Commonwealth and a vast concourse of citizens,
there were present, as guests. Governors Charles A.



16 THE GREENHALGE MEMORIAL.



Biisiel of New Hampshire, Charles W. Lippitt of
Rhode Island and O. Vincent Coffin of Connecticut.
Prominent upon the platform was the bust of the late
Governor by S. J. Kitson, the same which, in marl)le,
had recently been presented to the Conmionwealth l)y
citizens of Lowell. On each side of the platform hung
entablatures upon which were inscriljed chosen words
of the late Governor, — those to the left l)eing, "I
have in my heart a grander project, the unification
of the people of Massachusetts and the people of
America;" and those to the right, "The character
of the Legislature of Massachusetts should be as high
as the character of Massachusetts ; it is, in fact, the
character of Massachusetts."



PUBLIC EXERCISES



Mechanics Hall, Boston,



April 18, 1896.



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS



His Honor Roger Wolcott.



THE people of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
are here assemliled to do honor to the memory
of one who has died in her service. Bravely and
wisely did he bear the great trust which they reposed
in him, and he now rests from his la])ors. We may
believe that even now there may come to his ears
some far-off echoes of the praise and love which will
to-day ])e coupled with his name.

From other lips than mine will tind utterance the
public estimate of his character and career. They are
a part of the history of the State, a part of the great
legacy which each passing generation bequeaths to
those who are to follow. For years to come his life
will speak its lesson, and will l)car its inspiration and
incentive to generous emulation.

This boy, l>orn ])eyond the sea, early drew deep
breaths of the free air of open opportunity Avhich



20 THE GREENHALGE MEMORIAL.



bathes our land, and the blood as it ran in his veins
tingled red with an intense love of the country and
the institutions which had become his very own.
His public speech, as did his private conversation,
not only glowed with earnestness of conviction, but
exhibited the charm of expression which those alone
possess on whose birth the muses have smiled.

He had read much, and his memory was ol)edient
to his will. His hand knew well how to wield the
rapier of satire, ])ut the blade was so keen that it
left no jagged wound, and no poison tipped its point.
His ready wit and ever-present humor were never
allowed to chill the heart that beat warm and loyal in
his l)reast.

As the years brought greater and greater trusts at
the hands of his fellow-citizens his spirit rose to
meet them, and in increasing measure he showed high
purpose, courage and independence. He labored dili-
o-ently to give to the jniblic the l)est service of which
he was capa])le, and the people were not slow to
return him their confidence and respect. Thousands
loved him as a friiMid, all honored him as a magis-
trate worthy to hold llic high commission of the Com-
monwealth he loved.

Besides tlu^ more ixM-sonal memory, which is too
sacred for us to i)rofaue, he leaves to his children the



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 21



inheritance of distinguished pulilic service highly con-
ceived and nobly rendered. His name will long linger
in the memory of men as of one who died untimely,
with the laurels of greater triumphs awaiting his
grasp, l)ut of whom it may truly be said that he had
fought the good tight and had kept the faith.

In the persons of their chief executive officers, our
sister States of New England join with us in reverent
commemoration of the dead. Prayer will ascend to
the throne of Almighty God, solemn music will roll
forth its dirge of sorrow and its song of patriotic
fervor, the tribute of discriminating praise will l)e
spoken by eloquent lips, but the voice in the hearts
of the people speaks with deeper import still, and to
that he would most willinolv hearken.



PRAYER



Rev. Edward Everett Hale, D.D.



ALMIGHTY GOD, Lord of lords and King of kings,
our Father, all around us in the majesty of thy
heaven, tliou knowest how we need thy strength in
our weakness, thy light in our darkness and thy con-
solation in our sorrow. Thou hast been with us as thou
w^ert with our fathers, even as we have asked thee
again and asain. Thou hast led us from the betjinnins:
to this moment. It is in thy providence that our rulers
are from ourselves and our governors from the midst
of us. And now thou art pleased to lift thy servant to
higher service, where he sees as he is seen, where he
knows as he is known. And we wait a little lono-er.
Oh, God, come to us, thy children ; give strength to
us in this our service, that we may rest in thine
arms.

We do thank thee for such lives ; we thank thee
for his courage, for his faith, for his gentle tender-



24 THE GREENHALGE MEMORIAL.

ness ; we thank tlicc that he went and came among
this people, knowing the Saviour's lesson, that he who
is greatest among us must l)e servant of all ; that he
was willing to serve as he had opportunity, and to do
the duty that came next his hand. And now he leaves
us for the higher service of the living God, and we
are left to do what has not l)een done.

Oh, Father, be with thy servants, the magistrates
of this C'onnnonwealth ; he with the General Court in
its asseml)ly ; be with all who are called to positions
of trust and honor, that they may know thee, the
first and greatest knowledge, and l)e strong in thine
infinite strength. Be pleased to he with the Com-
monwealth, with our children and with our children's
children, that they may remember how the fathers
chose such men to office, and that they may thank
thee for the constitution which gives to us such ser-
vants and magistrates.

Nor do we pray for ourselves alone. These are no
selfish prayers. Wo pray for all our l)rethren of all
the States, for the United States of America, made
one out of many, even as the Saviour prayed ; that
their rulers may be thy servants, that their law may l)e
thy law, and that thus we may l)e that haj)})y })eo})U;
whose God is the Lord, ^ye pray for all the nations
of the world, that the swoid may everywhere be



PRAYER BY REV. E. E. HALE, D.D. 25



sheathed, that men may study war no more, that they
may know how to live at peace as l)rethren, that so
thy kingdom may come, even as thou hast promised.
Our Father who art in heaven, hallowed be thy
name; thy kingdom come; thy will l^e done on
earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily
bread, and forgive us our trespasses as we forgive
those who trespass against us ; and lead us not into
temptation, Init deliver us from e^^l, for thine is the
kingdom and the power and the glory forever and
ever, amen.



EULOGY



Hon. Henry Cabot Lodge.



TPIE great mystery of death is always the same.
Whether we behokl it under '<the canopies of
costly state," or on the edge of a murky city river,
where the body of some nameless outcast has been
washed ashore, we bare our heads and bow in reverence
before the poor piece of earth ; yesterday humanity',
to-day in its stillness the visible sign of that overruling
Power which alike guides the universe and ' ' doth the
ravens feed, yea, providently caters for the sparrow."
Yet there are certain circumstances which heighten
and shar})en the always solemn lesson of death. AVhen
a man is cut down in his prime, with all his natural
force unabated and his power of mind and character
still widening and strengthening, the blow strikes us
with peculiar keenness. When that man is also the
actual representative of the sovereignty of the State,
to whom have been given authority and command,
and in whose hands has been placed the power to



28 THE GREENHALGE MEMORIAL.

give or withhold liberty and life, his death touches
the heart and the imagination alike, and the lesson
of mortality sounds to us in louder and deeper tones
than ever before. Then come home to us the words
of the Elizabethan poet : —

" The glories of our blood and state
Are shadows, not substantial things ;
There is no aniior against fate ;
Death lays his icy hand on kings."

Such has been the sad experience of Massachusetts
within the last month. For the first time in seventy
years, the psalmist's span of human life, the governor
of the Commonwealth has died in ofiice. He has died
with all his honors thick upon him, in the meridian
of his usefulness, beloved and respected by all con-
ditions of men.

The office of governor has always meant a great deal
to the people of Massachusetts, The early colonial
tradition of the days when under a trading charter
the Puritans built up an independent State has never
l)een lost. That tradition taught men to hold in rever-
ence the head of the State wdiich emliodied for them
and their fathers before them the great struggle for
religious and political independence which had brought
them to the wilderness. Never since has the governor-
ship of the old State sunk in importance or come to



EULOGY BY HON. HENRY CABOT LODGE. 29

occupy a secondary place in the political world. To
be governor of Massachusetts has always been regarded
by the people of the State as one of the highest honors
to which a son of Massachusetts could attain. The
people of other States have sometimes jested at this
sentiment of ours, but it is none the less noble and
wise. It springs from the just State pride which we
all feel, and has done much to give us the long line
of distinguished men who have tilled the high place
of our chief magistrate. This sentiment in regard to
the office encircles our governors with respect and
honor while they live, and l)rings us in reverence and
affection to mourn them when they are dead. Thus
it is peculiarly fitting that the State should show to
the memory of a governor who died at his post, faith-
ful to the last, the honor in which his high office is
held l>y all the people of the Commonwealth.

But there is another and still better reason than this
for the grief of the State, for the action of the official
representatives of the people and for these services
here to-day. The governor, in virtue of his high
place, is entitled to these honors, ]>ut the man himself
has earned them l)y his pul)lic service, his character
and his career, — better titles to the respect and sor-
row of Massachusetts than any official distinction can
ever <i"ive.



30 THE GREENHALGE MEMORIAL.

The old saying, " Speak naught ])ut good of the
dead," althous-h sometimes abused and still oftener
sneered at, is, nevertheless, like many other old say-
ings, founded on the broad and generous sense of
mankind. Men who make their mark upon their time
in any way, and especially puljlic men, are certain to
meet Avith abundance of censure and misunderstanding
in the heated struggles of our active, energetic life.
When they have passed into history, when Dr. John-
son's limit of the hundred years necessary to a right
estimate has come and gone, the historian is sure to
asfain criticise them in his turn Avith entire coolness,
and let us hope with more justice than their con-
temporaries. It is only right, therefore, and it is
necessary also to that final summing up of history,


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Online LibraryMassachusettsIn commemoration of the life and public services of Frederic T. Greenhalge, late governor of the commonwealth → online text (page 1 of 3)