Mathew Carey.

Universal emancipation online

. (page 1 of 1)
Online LibraryMathew CareyUniversal emancipation → online text (page 1 of 1)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


II



THE EISENHOWER LIBRARY



3 1151 02541 6003




UNIVERSAL EMANCIPATTON — Second Edition.

^ , II /■ NO. I.

.iiipss ! witli tlie probable result of their
tfl'ortb in llie event or llieir success.

In (diler to pie'^ent the subject fully before the public, it is pro-
per to t.ike into lonsitleration the nuuiber, at the date of the last
census, of the nnrurtunule beings in wlutse case we are culled u|)on
to interfere, and the number of v, lute citizens ill the slave-liold-
ios States.



Maryland,

Virginia,

Korib Carolinn,

Souili Carolina,

Georgia,

Kentucicy,

Tennessee,

Lonisiuna,

Alabama,

Mississippi,



Fnr.r. Whites.


Slaves.


260,222


107,398.


603.074


425.153.


4)9,300


205.017.


237,440


258,475.


189,566


149,656.


414.644


126,732.


339.727


80,107.


73,383


69,064.


96,245


47,439.


42,176


32,814.



2,695,677 1,501,853.



Thus it appears, that in 1820, the slaves comprised more than
one third of the total population of the southern States ; that in the
jrreat State of Virginia they were two fifths of the whole ; and that
In South Carolina they were more numerous than the whites. There
is reason to believe tliat the proportion is ;;reater now than at that
period. In some of the states, the increase of the slaves is
much greater than that of the whites. In South Carolina, in 1800,
there were 50,104 niore whites than slaves — whereas in 1820, as
stated above, there were 21,035 more of the latter than of the
former. In North Carolina, in 1790, there were 288,204 whites, and
100,572 slaves^, beins; but little more than one third ; whereas in
i^£0, there were of the former, 41 9,-200, and of the latter, 205,017,
nearly one half. In Georgia in 1800, there were 101,068 whites,
ami 59,699 slaves, not much more than one half; but in 1820,
there were 189.566 whites, and 149,656 slaves, nearly five sixths.

Ill this state ofalfairs, we find that there are many of our citizens
who deceive themselve- into tlie belief, that it is possible, not merely
with safety to the master and slave, but with great benefit to the lat-
ter, to emanLipate the mass of slaves, at present probably 1,750,000
Kouls, uholly unprepared by previous habits for freedom, or for pro-
vi(iinj» lor their own support ! What an auful delusion ! Universal
immediate emancipation would be the groate>t curse not merely to
the mas'ers but the slaves, utterly unfit for such a novel situ-
ation. Few aberrations of the human mind have been more extra-
ordinary.

Let us examine by vvhat means universal emancipation can be
supposed practicable by its most ardent friends. There appear but
four : —

1. By the humanity atid liberalitv of the owners, who, converted
Sy the zealous enTurts of llie abolitionists, are to be struck with
reinorsp at holding their IVllow beiii


1

Online LibraryMathew CareyUniversal emancipation → online text (page 1 of 1)