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New Albany & Corydon Plank Road
Company, 78

New Albany and Paoli Pike, part of
the "Underground Railroad," 3;^

New Albany and Portland ferry, 87

New Albany & Salem Railroad, re-
ceiver case, 367-71

New Albany, Ind., 80, 81, 87, 88, 100,
149, 150, 156; 170, 232, 236, 242, 350

New Albany Road, 230, 237

Newark, U. S. S., 779

Newberry, Gen. Walter, 791

New England, commercialism under-
lying slavery views, 52; agitation in,
against Fugitive Slave Law of 1850,
53; Chief Justice Taney criticizes, 108

New Hampshire, adopts "Personal Lib-
erty"' law, 44

New, Jepha D., 476

New, John C, 569-70. 577. 580, 587,
596, 598, 599, 603-4, 608, 609, 611,
612

New Mexico, territorial organization
under Compromise of 1850, 50, 116

New Orleans, fall of, 187

New Orleans, First National Bank, in
lottery troubles, 492; suit against
Postmaster-General Gresham, 493

New York Central Railroad, 520

New York Commercial Advertiser, 606

New York Evening Post, 201, 606, 773,
795. 796

New York Herald, 321, 569, 570

New York Ledger, 696

New York Nation, 796

New York Times, 606

New York Tribune, anti-slavery, 73;
201, 501, 502

New York World, 606, 607, 712

New York Sixty-ninth (Irish) Regi-
ment, 160

New York, slavery lawful in, 1790, 40

Nicaragua, Great Britain's Sovereignty
claim, 781-2

Nicaragua, mosquito revolution in, 783-5

Nicaraguan war, 142, 143

Nickajack Creek, engagement at, 299,
300, 301

Nickerson, S. K., 594

Nixon, William Penn, 598, 599, 675

Noble, Adjutant-General, 152

Noble, Belden, 435

Nolla, Fred, 224

Non-combatants during Civil War,
sufferings of, 149



Nonconformist, the, 663

Norman, Alonzo, 88

North American Commercial Company,
717, 720-1, 735

Northern Pacific receivership, 627-8

Northwest Territory, slavery intro-
duced, 1803, 20; 247

Norton, Colonel, 241, 243, 250, 314

Noyes, C. J., 590

Nutt, Carrie, 247

Nutt, Haller, 246

Oates, Representative (of Ala.), 769
Offield and Towle, law firm of, 521
Ogden, Captain (C. S. A.), 246
Ogden, Mrs. Capt., 246
Oglesby, Richard, 468, 800, 801
Ohio & Mississippi Railroad, 379, 398,

403. 605
Ohio and Ohio troops, 158
Ohio, Army of the, 186
Ohio, election of 1855, 66
Ohio, southern, secessionist feeling in,

122
Ohio, Supreme Court of, 551
Ohio volunteer regiments. Civil War:

5th Battery, 222

7th Battery, 221

15th (Spear's) Battery, 297

20th Infantry, 193

23d Infantry, 294, 295

46th Infantry, 183

48th Infantry, 184

57th Infantry, 184

68th Infantry, 193
Olney, Richard A., 417, 418, 649, 650,

652, 740, 758, 760, 791, 795-7; letter

on the Hawaiian affair, Appendix D,

836-40
Omaha Company, the, 532-48
Orange County, Ind., 59
Orange County (Ind.) cases, 616
Ordinance of 1787, quoted, 36
Oregon, election in, 1886, 561
O'Reilly, Captain, 225
Orr, James L., 660
Orth, Godlove S., 70
Orth. H. A., 580, 588
Osborne, B. F., 584, 620
Osborne, Charles, 403
Osborne, Charles M., 392, 540, 541, 542,

543. 545. 548
Oscanyan vs. Arms Howe Company, 536
Otis, James, 38-9. 333. 445
Otto, Judge William T., 26-7, 29, 42, 75,

77, no, 165, 219,347, 834
Outhwaite, Representative (of Ohio),

769



INDEX



865



Overmeyer, David, 477

Overmeyer, John, 477, 599

Owen, Robert Dale, 59, 118; letter to

Secretary Chase on Abolition, 200-6;

characterized, 207
Owings, Col. N. H., 314-6, 583
Owings, Mrs. N. H., 316
Oxford, Miss., 208

Page, Dr. William Byrd, 248-9, 250,
280, 282

Page, Mrs. Dr., 248, 250, 282

Pagin, Oliver E., 646

Paine, Gen. E. A., 462

Palmer, Gen. John M., 506, 665, 686

Palmer House, Chicago, 582, 633, 658,
676

Palmer, Potter, 701-2, 716

Palmer, Mrs. Potter, 695, 701-2, 711

Panic of 1893, 701 et seq.

Paris award, see Bering Sea award

Paris, treaty of, 811

Paris Tribunal in Bering Sea contro-
versy, 718, 723 et seq.

Parish, Thomas, 342

Parker, G. W., 376

Parker, George P., 797

Parker, Theodore, 52

Parsons, John S., 652

Patent litigation disliked by Supreme
Court Justices, 511; welcomed by
Gresham, 511; Driven Well patent
case, 512; Lawther case, 512-4

Patent Office, the Sessions case in the,
518-29

Patterson, — (member of Congress),
769

Patterson, Robert W. (of Chicago Trib-
itne), 676

Patterson, Samuel, 137; 168

Patterson, Mrs. Samuel ("Aunt Sally"),
168

Paul, John, 23

Pauncefote, Lady, 689, 696

Pauncefote, Sir Julian, 690, 696, 721,
733. 735. 779. 781, 782, 792, 794, 802-3

Pauncefote, the Misses, 696
■ Payne-Aldrich bill, 715

Payne, Dr. Rice, 151, 296

Payne, Henry C, 583

Payson, George, 521, 525

Peace Conference, Washington, pro-
posed by Virginia, 1861, 132-4

Pearson, Colonel, 791

Pease, General. 383

Peck, George R., 185

Peckham, Rufus, 812, 8i6

Peixoto, Marshall, 778, 779-80



Pelagic sealers and sealing, 717-8, 725,

730-2, 736-7
Pemberton, Gen. John C. (C. S. A.),

221, 225. 240
Penman, Andrew J., 580
Pennington, Dennis (great-uncle of
Walter Q. Gresham), 8; adminis-
trator of estate of William Gresham,
father of Walter Q., 11-2; anecdote
of, 11; political beliefs, 1 1 ; charac-
teristics of, II; born in Virginia, 13;
associated with Henry Clay in Ken-
tucky, 13; settles in Indiana, 13;
visits to the Gresham homestead, 13;
stories of George Rogers Clark, 13-
14; marriage to Elizabeth English, 16;
18; settles at Corydon, Ind., 19; burial
place, 19; speaks on "Squatter sover-
eignty." 1807, 21-22; quoted, 22;
elected to Indiana legislature, 22;
elected Speaker, 23; active in anti-
slavery legislation, 23; opposes Gov-
ernor Posey of Indiana, 23-4; carries
anti-slavery propaganda through
Indiana, 24; assists in adding anti-
slavery clause in state constitution,
1816, 24; helps abate pro-slavery
movement in Missouri, 24; secures
removal of Indiana capital from
Vincennes to Corydon, 25; advises
Walter Q. Gresham in early career,
26-7; judicial and legislative career.
Si; knowledge of law, especially as
applied to the negro, 34-5; Indiana
legislature thanks for long services,
footnote, 35; death of, 1854, 36; 40;
leader in Indiana legislature of i8i6,
41; drafts "Act to Prevent Man
Stealing," 41 ; instrumental in passing
Indiana's Joint Resolution on fugi-
tive slaves, 1818, 41; secures indict-
ments for negro-stealing, 181 8, 42;
quoted, 42; 46; always a Union
man, 52

Pennington, Dixon (cousin of Walter 0-
Gresham), 34, 314

Pennington, Edward, 13

Pennington, Edward L., 25

Pennington, Elizabeth, see English,
Elizabeth

Pennington family, Indiana settlers,
15; antislavery views of, 52

Pennington, Mary (grandmother of
Walter Q. Gresham), 8, 13

Pennington, Matthew (cousin of Walter
Q. Gresham), 34, 314

Pennington, Virginia, see English, Vir-
ginia



866



INDEX



Pennington, Walter (great-uncle of
Walter Q. Gresham), 12, 19, 21, 47
Pennington, William, 15, 16, 17
Pennington, "Zack" (uncle of Walter
Q. Gresham), keeper of Indiana sta-
tion on the " Underground Railroad,"

33-4

Pennsylvania, abolishes slavery, 1780.
39; refers case of kidnapped negro to
President Washington, 40; amends
statute for abolition of slavery, 1826,
42; indictment and conviction in
Prigg case for negro-stealing, 43;
statute on fugitive slaves held uncon-
stitutional, 1842, 43; adopts "Per-
sonal Liberty" law, 44

Pennsylvania Railroad, strike of 1877,
381-3; 415. 424. 520

"People's Convention," the, at New
Albany, Ind., 1854, 59

"People's" party, birth of, 626-7; 659,
660; convention 1892, 663; 669, 674,
685

Peoria, 111., distilleries prosecuted under
Sherman Act, 639

Perkins, C. E., 410, 411

Perryville, 38th Indiana at, 167

Personal Liberty laws, 44, 125, 126, 131,
132

Peru Railroad, 405

Pettibone, A. G., 476, 478

Pettit, Senator, 491

Pfrimmer, Lesh, 163

Pfrimmer, Maj. Jacob, 233

Phelps, Edmund J., 725, 727-8, 731,
732, 733. 736, 782

Phelps, William Walter. 567, 590

Philadelphia Daily News, 574-5, 580

Philadelphia, first Republican conven-
tion held at, 1856, 69

Philadelphia Leader, 575

Philippine question, the, 811

Phillips, Capt. J. M., 88, 89, 91, 125

Phillips, John P., 652

Phillips, Solicitor-General, 806

Phillips, Wendell, mentioned, 6; Aboli-
tionist view of slavery, 36; forces
Massachusetts to adopt "Personal
Liberty" law, 1843, 44; 48; openly
opposes Fugitive Slave Law of 1850,
52; characterized, 53; holds Massa-
chusetts out of the Union, after
Compromise of 1850, 53; advises
fugitive slaves to avoid Massachu-
setts, 53; slavery theories discussed,
54-5; 94- 95' 102, 108; quoted, 103,
119, 135, 138, 148, 760, 817

Pickering, Captain, 778



Pierce, Franklin, 64

Pike, — , 200

Pinney, Silas U., 537, 541, 542, 543

Piquet, Lieut. John R., 319-20

Pittsburg Landing, see Shiloh

Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne & Chicago
Railroad Company, 137

Pittsburgh, Pa., rioting in during strike
of 1877, 381-3

Pittsburgh Telegraph, 381

Piatt, Thomas C, 496, 497, 499, 500-1,
572, 575. 576, 577. 578, 579. 580, 581,
582, 583, 586, 587, 589, 590, 593, 594,
595. 596. 598. 599. 600. 601, 610, 656,
660-2, 788

Piatt, Mrs. Thomas C, 581-2, 600

Platter, Peter, 476, 477

Plum, William R., 820

Plumb, Preston B., 577, 583

Polk, Gen. Leonidas (C. S. A.), 154, 297

Pope, Gen. John, 155, 186, 196, 468

Popular Sovereignty, 108; see also
Squatter Sovereignty

Popular vote in election 1856, 71; in
i860, 120; in 1888, 675; in 1892, 675

"Populist" party, birth of, 620; first
election in Kansas, 1889, 627; large
majorities in West in 1890, 639

Portage and Chicago line, the, 532, 535,
540

Portage Company, the, 532-48

Porter, Albert G., 100, 392, 403, 568-9,
581, 589-90, 591. 602

Porter, Henry H., 532, 534-5. 536, 538,
541, 542, 548, 594

Porter, Judge William A., law tutor of
Walter Q. Gresham, 8; Gresham en-
ters law office of, 27-8, ability of, as
lawyer and teacher, 28; 31; brief on
slavery, 36, 37; 83, 122

Portland Oregonian, 583

Posey, Colonel, 72

Posey, Governor, 23-4

Post, — (member of Congress), 769

Potomac, Army of the, see Army of the
Potomac

Potts, Colonel, 294, 306, 309, 310, 312

Potts, General, 316

Powderly, T. V., 663

Powell, Captain, 270

Power, Capt. C. A., 659

Prentice, — (son of George D.), 127

Prentice, George D., saves Irish in
"Know-Nothing" riots in Louisville,
1855, 61; proprietor Louisville Jour^
nal, 61; editorials instigated riots, 62;
71; editor Louisville Journal, 73;
influence of in politics, 73-4; 96, iii;



INDEX



867



Prentice, George D. — Continued
quoted, 115; 118; position relative to
secession, 127-8, 130; 139, 154, 155,
338. 343

Prentiss, Sargent S., 247

Preston, Miss Susie (Mrs. General
Draper), 713

Pribilof Islands, 718 e/ seq.

Price, General, 197

Prigg case, the, 43, 44, 52, 93, 94,

483

Proclamation of Amnesty and Pardon,

1863, 258
Prohibition party in elections of 1884

and 1886, 561
Prohibitionists, doctrine which gives

them bone-dry territory, 112
Pro-slavery theory of Calhoun, 36
Protestant Orphans' Home of Natchez,

262-3
Provisional Congress of the Confederate

States of America, 134, 135
"Public Credit Act" of 1869, 423, 428,

430
Pullman, George M., 418, 419; 518-29
Pullman Palace Car Co., 416; 518-29,

647
Pullman Palace Car Co. vs. Wagner

Co., 518-29
Pullman Patent Case, 518-29
Pullman strike of 1894, 416-19

Quay, Matthew S., 486, 491, 576, 577,
578, 579. 580, 581. 582, 58s. 586, 587,
588, 590, 594, 595, 596, 597, 598, 601,
603, 605-6, 610, 611, 637, 638, 651,
656, 660-3, 706, 813

Quitman, Gen. J. M., 248

Railroad cars, Sessions device, 518-

29
Railroad Company vs. Hamilton, 622
Railroad mortgages, rulings on, 372-4,

624
Railroad receiverships, 366-78, 507-10,

560,621-5, 627-31
Railroad strike of 1877, 379-408; of

1888, 409-415; of 1894, 416-9
Railroad wages in 1873 and 1877, 380
Raleigh, N. C, organization of So-
ciety of the Army of the Tennessee

at, 462-3
Randall, Col. Horace (C. S. A.), 270
Randall, Samuel, 494
Randolph. John, 20, 40
Rankin, John, keeper of second Indiana

"station" on the "Underground

Railroad," 33, 46



Rankin vs. Lydia, case of, loi

Rathburn, E. G., 606

Raum, General, 468

Rawlins, Gen. John A., characterized
and quoted, 463-4; report on charges
against Grant at Shiloh, 182-3;
characterized, 195; mentioned, 242,
316, 321, 346, 347. 348; president
Society of the Army of the Ten-
nessee, 463

Raynor, Isador, 769

Reading Railroad, 411

Ream, Norinan B., 677-8

Reconstruction begun in Mississippi,
1863. 258

Reconstruction Acts, 339, 340

Redding, John W., 260

Reed, Matilda (mother of Matilda
Gresham), 2

Reed, Thomas B., 491, 632, 660, 736,

737. 741
Reeder, Governor (of Kas.), 64
Re-enlistment of veterans, 288-91
Reeves, — , 403
Reid, Whitlaw, 572

Republican National convention at
Chicago, 1888, 568, 572, 575, 584-
601; ballots in detail, 592; fourth and
fifth ballots in detail, 597; 602, 656;
at Minneapolis, 1892, 660, 662; at
Chicago, 1912, 811
Republican party, beginnings of, 63;
first platform of, 68-9; opposed
slavery but did not advocate aboli-
tion, 69; organization as a National
party, 1856, 69; Convention, Chicago,
i860, 118; platform of, 119, 139;
340; elections of 1867 adverse to, 342;
433; tariff pledge, 1884, 500; 503;
"People's" party formed from, 626;
672, 675; attitude toward Hawaii, 738
et seq.
Resumption Act of 1875, 433. 435
Resumption Acts, President Cleveland

sells bonds under authority of, 712
Reynolds, Reuben W., 62
Rhett, — (of South Carolina), 124
Rhodes, Judge, 437, 583
Richards, Major, 459
Richardson, David M., 632
Richardson, Olie C. 84, 88, 123
Richardson vs. Alger and Buhl, 632, 633
"Richmond," Natchez, 245, 276
Richmond (Va.) Examiner, quoted, 291
Richmond (Va.) Register, 291
Ricks, Judge, 649
Ridgeley, Charles. 558, 559
Riley, James Whitcomb, 658



868



INDEX



Rines, Judge, 654

Ritter, Col. Eli F., 602

Ritter, Col. Richard, 214, 270, 389-90,

832
Robertson, William S., 496
Robeson, Secretary, 457
Robinson, Judge, 811
Rock Island, 111., 103
Rockefeller, John D , 811
Rockport, Ind., 122
Roessell, T. E., 813
Rogers, Col. George C, 214, 830
Rolling Fork, 156
Rome, Watertown and Ogdensbtirg

Railroad, 519
Romero, M., quoted, 357-8, 697, 775;

quoted, 783^5. 790
Rooker, William V., 580
Roosevelt, Theodore, 247, 663, 810
Root, Elihu, 649, 811
"Rosalie," Natchez, 241-5, 249, 250,

255. 257. 260, 262, 266, 271, 276, 279
Rosecrans, Gen. W. S. (C. S. A.), 208,

209, 226, 268
Ross. Morris, 658, 672, 685, 798, 803,

815
Rothschild, House of, 712
Rousseau, Gen. Lovell H., 61, 152, 153
Rousseau's brigade, 158
Rue, Richard, 23
Ruger, Edward, 536
Rumble, Capt. S. E., 243
Rumley, Anthony (step-brother of

Walter 0- Gresham), 12
Rumley family, early Indiana settlers,

15; anti-slavery views of, 52
Rumley, Kate (step-sister of Walter Q.

Gresham), 12
Rumley, Mandy (step-sister of Walter

Q. Gresham), 12
Rumley, Noah (step-father of Walter Q.

Gresham), 12
Rumley, Sarah, see Gresham, Sarah

Davis
Runnells and Burry, law firm of,

521
Runnells, John S., 647
Rush, U. S. Revenue cutter, 722
Rusk, Jeremiah H., 538-9, 583, 591
Russ, Adjutant-General, 391
Russell, — (ass't U. S. district attor-
ney), 652
Russell, J. E., 708
Russell, Sir Charles, 726
Russia, aids North during Civil War,

266-7
Russia, Alaskan seal fisheries, 720
Ryan, Master in Chancery, 513



Sackett, Charles, 312

Sage, Judge, 507, 508, 622

Sage, Russell, 552, 556, 558, 559

Salem Road, 230, 234

Salisbury, Lord, 724

Samoan question, 1894, 798

Sanborn, A. L., 541

Sanderson, Col. William L., 150, 242,

243. 293, 300
Sanderson Guards, the, 150
Sanford, Dr. F. A., owner of Dred Scott,

103-6
San Francisco, U. S. S., 779
Santa Fe Railroad, 412, 447
Sargeant, F. P., 410, 411
Sargent, — , 282
Sargent, Winthrop, 247
Sargent, Winthrop, Jr., 247, 323
Savannah, Tenn., 174-81
Sawyer, Philetus, 490, 493, 532, 535,

541. 583

Sayer, Warren N., 385, 398, 404-7

Schenck, General, 490

Schofield, Gen. John M., 468, 801

Schofield, Governor (of Wis.), 536, 539,
540, 542, 543

Schurz, Carl, 457, 458, 459, 757, 813,
816-7

Schuyler, George L., 369-71

Schwab, Charles, 804

Schwab, Michael, 800

Scofield, General, 63

Scofield, Judge John, 505, 559

Scofield, Mrs. Judge, 505

Scott, Doctor, 278

Scott, Dred, 92, 93, 96, 97, 100, 103-9,
112

Scribner, Col. Benjamin F.. 150, 151,
159, 167, 268

Scribner, Mrs., 165

Seacat, "Aunt Mahaly" (aunt of Wal-
ter Q. Gresham), 46

Seacat, George (uncle of Walter Q.
Gresham), 46, 47, 48

Secession, discussion of, 74; threatened,
in i860, 1 1 0-5; of Kentucky, discus-
sion over possible, 12 1-8; position of
Indiana on, 129-34, 136; practical
workings of, 141, 142; first suggested
at Hartford convention of 1814, 55;
"originated in New England," 247;
slave-holders against, 254

Secessionists, extreme pro-slavery, 58
74; "men of New England origin,"
247

Secret Service during Civil War, effi-
ciency of, 249-50, 270-1; on the alert
in preventing illegal sales of cotton, 253



INDEX



869



Sellers, Emory, 607, 610-1

Sessions device, 518-29

Sessions, Henry Howard, 518-29

Sessions patent case, 518-29

Seventeenth Army Corps, 186, 241,
285, 296, 306-7, 311

Seward, William H., 57, 58, iii, 135,
327-8, 565, 784

Sexton, Leonidas, 476

Seymour, Horatio, 290

Shackelford, Gen. J. M., 375, 441,
442

Shaw, Ann Porter, see Harbison, Ann
Porter

Shaw, Chief Justice, 52

Shaw, Col. 13. C, 391

Shaw, John S., 369-70

Shaw, Justice Lemuel C, 102

Shepard, Judge Henry M., 716

Shepard, O. M., 396

Sheridan, Gen. Philip H., 468

Sherman Act of 1890, 435, 574, 632,
635-7. 639, 651-4, 655, 671, 678

Sherman, Gen. William Tecvimseh, 153;
155-6; quoted, 156; 157, 158-9, r6o;
characterized, 162; 163; at Shiloh,
183; course in Worthington court-
martial, 184; quoted, 185-7; first
meeting with Mrs. Gresham, 194;
leads movement on Vicksburg, 197;
199, 207, 226, 262, 268, 288, 294, 296,
297, 299, 300, 30T, 310, 311, 312, 315,
322, 323, 324, 327, 344, 463; president
of Society of the Army of the Ten-
nessee, 464-8; neighbor of Gresham
family in Washington, 490, 495; 530,
581, 598, 821-2, 835

Sherman House, Chicago, 574

Sherman, John, 490, 495, 496, 497-8,
567; movement to nominate for
President, 1888, 574-6, 581, 583, 585,
587, 590; put in nomination at Na-
tional convention, 1888, 591; disap-
pointment, 602; introduces his Anti-
Trust bill, 620; bill passes both
Houses, 1890, 632; 633, 636, 638,
653. 654, 706, 831, 834-5

Sherman, Mrs. John, 490

Sherman, Rachel, 581-2

Sherman Silver Act, 610, 638, 674, 676,
678, 701, 704-7, 712

Sherman's Anti-Trust bill, 620; be-
comes law, 632; provisions of, 635,
prosecutions under, 639-54

"Sherman's Bummers," 467

Shields, Com. William, 276

Shiloh, battle of, 175-85, 186, 187;
memorandum on, Appendix A, 821-2



Showalter, John W., 716, 821

Shufeldt & Co., Chicago, 620

Shufeldt Distillery, Chicago, 620, 642,
643, 646, 647, 648

Shufeldt, H. H., 620, 642, 647, 648

Shuhz, Mills, 48

Sickness in the army during Civil War,
179

Siebold case, the, 484

Silver Bill, Sherman's, see Sherman
Silver Act

Silver, free coinage of, Cleveland op-
posed to in 1892, 674; coinage pro-
vided for in Sherman Silver Act, 676;
coinage of bullion advocated at ratio
of 16 to I, 707-10

Simmons, Capt. George (C. S. A.), 67,
236

Simmons, Reese, 67

Simmons, Sue, 67

Simpson, Jeremiah ("Sockless Jerry"),
627

Sipes, Levi. 9, 81

Sitz, Sally (grandmother of Walter Q.
Gresham), 9 «

Sixteenth Army Corps, 214, 307

Skerrett, Admiral, 750

Slaughter and Gresham, law partner-
ship formed, 1854, 29; enjoys large
practice, 31; 59, 69, 72, 73, 78

.Slaughter, Captain (C. S. A.), 235

Slaughter, Dr. William (surgeon 53d
Indiana), 198, 211, 217

Slaughter, Gabriel, 42

Slaughter, Thomas C. (law partner of
W. 0- Gresham), 29, 31, 59, 60, 69,
78, 79, 122, 133, 134, 145. 169, 200.
214, 235, 422, 459

Slavery: slaves in McGrain family, 4-5;
slaves in Kentucky, well cared for, 5 ;
importation of prohibited in Missis-
sippi, 1833, 7 ; slaves in Virginia, 1700,
13; Congress asked to suspend slav-
ery in Northwest Territory, 1802, 20;
introduced, 1803, 20; introduced in
Indiana, 1807, 21; doctrine of "Squat-
ter sovereignty" first advanced, 1807,
22; increase of slaves in Illinois 18 10
to 1820, 24; increase in Indiana, 1800
to 1810, 24; freed in Indiana, 1820,
24; Free Soil theory of slavery, 36;
Calhoun's theory, 36; Clay's view of,
36; Webster's views of, 36; Phillips'
Abohtionist view, 36, 119; brief on,
kept by Judge Porter, 36, 37; abol-
ished in Massachusetts and Penn-
sylvania, 1780, 39; slaves as servants
at sittings of the Colonial Congress,



870



INDEX



Slavery — Conlin tied

39; slavery lawful in New York in
1790, 40; section on fugitive slaves in
the constitution, 40, 41; construed by
Supreme Court, 1842, 43; Indiana
passes "An Act to Prevent Man
Stealing," 1816, 41; supplements the
Act by a Joint Resolution, 18 18, 41;
all of Louisiana Purchase guaranteed
slave territory by treaty of purchase
from France, 52; Pennsylvania amend-
ment of statute for abolition of slav-
ery, 1826, 42; Pennsylvania statute
on fugitive slaves held unconstitu-
tional (Prigg t;^. Pennsylvania), 1842,
43; "Personal Liberty" laws of New
England, 44, 125; Prigg case and
discovery of gold in California make
another comproinise necessary. 44—5 ;
John P. Hale opposes Missouri Com-
promise line, 45; efforts to fasten
slavery on California, 45, 49; Clay's
last compromise, 1850, 49, 50; slave
trade abolished in District of Colum-
bia, 1850, 50; commercialism under-
lying New England's views, 52;
agitation in, over Fugitive Slave
Law of 1850, 52; legal position of
Abolitionists after Compromise of
1850, S3; extinction of slavery pre-
dicted by Calhoun, 55; Kansas-Ne-
braska bill, 56-71; rights of slaves
under constitution, 64, 119; Aboli-
tionists and anti-slavery men, dis-
tinction between, 68; slavery in cam-
paign of 1858, 74-7; "Brandenburg
Affair," 78-91; Abolitionist, term
defined, 80; slaveholders in United
States in 1861, 91; Lincoln-Douglas
debates, 92-100; Dred Scott case, 92,
93. 96, 97, roo, 103-9, 112; slavery in
the territories a political not a legal
question, 94; slaves freed by taking to
free territory, 100; case of Rankin vs.
Lydia, 100; case of Marie Louise vs.
Moret, loo-i; Grace case, lor, 102;
Sommerset case, 102; Megs case, 102,
103; status of slaves in West India
colonial courts in 1822, lol; status of
slave taken from Louisiana to Massa-
chusetts, 102; status in Louisiana
Territory, 103; standing in court, 106,
107; introduction of slavery into
the United States, 108, 116, 124;
under the Constitution, 108; to be
ended only by war, 109; called uncon-
stitutional, 112; slavery in campaign
of i860, in-6, 120; government in



Slavery — Continued

Kentucky pledged to protect owners
of slaves, 122; slavery in Virginia,
116, 124; South Carolina convention's
defense of, 126; slaves incited to in-
surrection, 135; effects of slavery
upon masters, 142; Gresham's war-
time views, 178, 190, 200; Owen's
Abolitionist letter to Salmon P.
Chase, 200-6; Emancipation as a war
measure, 203-6; Emancipation Proc-
lamation a war measure, 250; slave-
holders against secession, 254; atti-
tude of Kentuckians toward slavery,
1865, 318; lawful in Kentucky up to
Lincoln's second election, 1865, 318;
not abolished in Mississippi, Ken-
tucky, or Maryland, by the 13th
Amendment, 326-7; "Black Codes"
of Mississippi and South Carolina,
1865, 327; "Chattel slavery" abol-
ished by 13th Amendment, 327;
Lincoln and the negro question,
Appendix B, 823-5

Slemmons, Doctor, 169, 234, 296

Slemmons, Lieut. W. B., 295-6, 669

Sloane, Doctor, 306, 312

Slocum, Gen. Henry W., 490

Slocum, Mrs. Gen., 490

Smith, — (of La Grange, Tenn.), 193

Smith, A. G., 792

Smith, Caleb B., no, in

Smith, Capt. Charles W., 386-7, 388. 390

Smith, Charles E., 591

Smith. Delavan, 685

Smith, Elijah, 282

Smith, Gen. ■ — , 273

Smith, Gen. George W., 413

Smith, Gen. Giles A., 307, 308, 309

Smith, Gen. Sooey, 284

Smith, Hoke, 684, 692, 699

Smith, Oliver H., quoted, 34

Smith, William Henry, 685

Smithsonian Institution, 719, 723

Snyder, Sally, 573

"Soft money," 420-1

Sommerset case ("Negro Case"), 35-
38, 101-2, 809

Sommerset, James, plaintiff in Sommer-
set case, 35-37

Sons of Liberty, 336, 337

"Sound money," 420-1, 433

South Carolina, 77, 113, I2i, 122, 124-8,
135; ratifies 13th Amendment, 327
passes "Black Code," 327

Southern courts, attitude toward status



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