Medical Society of the State of New York (1807- ).

Medical directory of New York, New Jersey and Connecticut (Volume v.12) online

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no scientific attainments can compensate for the want of correct moral
principles.

Sec. 6. It is incumbent on physicians to be temperate in all things, for the
practice of medicine requires the unremitting exercise of a clear and vigorous
understanding; and in emergencies — for which no physician should be unpre-
pared — a steady hai d, an acute eye and an unclouded mind are essential to
the welfare and even to the life of a human being.

Sec. 7. It is incompatible with honorable standing in the profession to
resort to public advertisement or private cards inviting the attention of
persons affected with particular diseases; to promise radical cures f to publish
cases or operations in the daily prints, or to suffer such publications to be
made ; to invite laymen (other than relatives who may desire to be at hand)
to be present at operations; to boast of cures and remedies; to adduce
certificates of skill and success, or to employ any of the other methods of
charlatans.

Sec. 8. It is equally derogatory to professional character for physicians to
hold patients for any surgical instruments or medicines; to accept rebates on
prescriptions or surgical appliances; to assist unqualified persons to evade the
legal restrictions governing the practice of medicine; or to dispense, or pro-
mote the use of, secret medicines, for if such nostrums are of real efficacy, any
concealment regarding them is inconsistent with beneficence and professional



680 MEDICAL SOCIETIES OF NEW YORK STATE.

liberality, and if mystery alone give them public notoriety, such craft implies
cit 1h j- disgraceful ignorance or fraudulent avarice. It is highly reprehensible
tor physicians to give certificates attesting the efficacy of secret medicines, or
other substances used therapeutically.

ARTICLE II.— PROFESSIONAL SERVICES OF PHYSICIANS TO EACH OTHER.

Section 1. Physicians should not, as a general rule, undertake the treat-
ment Of themselves, nor of members of their family. In such circumsta

they are peculiarly dependent on each other; therefore, kind offices and pro
sional aid should always be cheerfully and gratuitously afforded. These visits
ought not, however, to be obtrusively made, as they may give rise to em-
barrassment or interfere with that tree choice on which such confidence de-
pends.

Sec. 2. All practising physicians and their immediate family dependants
are entitled to the gratuitous services of any one or more of the physicians
residing near them

Sec. 3. When a physician is summoned from a distance to the bedside
of a colleague in easy financial circumstances, a compensation, proportionate
to traveling expenses and to the pecuniary loss entailed by absence from the
accustomed field of professional labor, should be made by the patient or rela-
tives.

Sec. 4. When more than one physician is attending another, one of the
number should take charge of the case, otherwise the concert of thought
and action so essential to wise treatment can not be assured.

Sec. 5. The affairs of life, the pursuit of health, and the various accidents
and contingencies to which a physician is peculiarly exposed sometimes re-
quire the temporary withdrawal of this physician from daily professional
labor and the appointment of a colleague to act for a specified time. The
colleague's compliance is an act of courtesy which should always be per-
formed with the utmost consideration for the interest and character of the
family physician.

ARTICLE III.— THE DUTIES OF PHYSICIANS IN REGARD TO CONSULTATIONS.

Section 1. The broadest dictates of humanity should be obeyed by physi-
cians whenever and wherever their services are needed to meet the emerg-
encies of disease or accident.

Sec. 2. Consultations should be promoted in difficult cases, as they con-
tribute to confidence and more enlarged views of practice.

Sec. 3. The utmost punctuality should be observed in the visits of physi-
cians when they are to hold consultations, and this is generally practicable,
for society has been so considerate as to allow the plea for a professional
engagement to take precedence over all others.

Sec. 4. As professional engagements may sometimes cause delay in attend-
ance, the physician who first arrives should wait for a reasonable time, after
which the consultation should be considered as postponed to a new appoint-
ment.

Sec. 5. In consultations no insincerity, rivalry or envy should be indulged;
candor, probity and all due respect should be observed toward the physician
in charge of the case.

Sec. 6. No statement nor discussion of the case should take place before
the patient or friends, except in the presence of all the physicians attending,
or by their common consent; and no opinions nor prognostications should be
delivered which are not the result of previous deliberation and concurrence.

Sec. 7. No decision should restrain the attending physician from making
such subsequent variations in the mode of treatment as any unexpected change
in the character of the case may demand. But at the next consultation reasons
for the variatio is should be stated. The same privilege, with its obligation,
belongs to the consultant when sent for in an emergency during the absence
of the family physician.

Sec. 8. The attending physician, at any time, may prescribe for the patient;
not so in the coasultant, when alone, except in a case of emergency or when
called from a considerable distance. In (he first instance the consultant



MEDICAL SOCIETIES OF NEW YORK STATE. 68l

should do what is needed, and in the second should do no more than make an
examination of the patient and leave a written opinion, under seal, to be
delivered to the attending physician.

Sec. 9. All discussions in consultation should be held as confidential.
Neither by words nor by manner should any of the participants in a con-
sultation assert or intimate that any part of the treatment pursued did not
receive his assent.

Sec. 10. It may happen that two physicians can not agree in their views
of the nature of a case and of the treatment to be pursued. In the event of
such disagreement a third physician should, if practicable, be called in. None
but the rarest and most exceptional circumstances would justify the con-
sultant in taking charge of the case. He should not do so merely on the
solicitation of the patient or friends.

Sec. 11. A physician who is called in consultation should observe the most
honorable and scrupulous regard for the character and standing of the attend-
ing physician, whose conduct of the case should be justified, as far as can be,
consistently with a conscientious regard for truth, and no hint or insinuation
should be thrown out which would impair the confidence reposed in the
attending physician.

ARTICLE IV.— DUTIES OF PHYSICIANS IN CASES OF INTERFERENCE.

Section 1. Medicine being a liberal profession, those admitted to its ranks
should found their expectations of practice especially on the character and
the extent of their medical education.

Sec. 2. The physician, in his intercourse with a patient under the care of
another physician, should observe the strictest caution and reserve; should
give no disingenuous hints relative to the nature and treatment of the pa-
tient's disorder, nor should the course of conduct of the physician, directly or
indirectly, tend to diminish the trust reposed in the attending physician.

Sec. 3. The same circumstances should be observed when, from motives of
business or friendship, a physician is prompted to visit a person who is under
the direction of another physician. Indeed, such visits should be avoided,
except under peculiar circumstances; and when they are made, no inquiries
should be instituted relative to the nature of the disease, or the remedies
employed, but the topics of conversation should be as foreign to the case as
circumstances will admit.

Sec. 4. A. physician ought not to take charge of, nor prescribe for, a

patient who has recently been under the care of another physician, in the

same illness, except in case of a sudden emergency, or in consultation with

the physician previously in attendance, or when that physician has relin-

•quished the ease or has been dismissed in due form.

Sec. 5. The physician acting in conformity with the preceding section
should not make damaging insinuations regarding the practice previously
adopted, and, indeed, should justify it if consistent with truth and probity;
for it often happens that patients become dissatisfied when they are not im-
mediately relieved, and, as many diseases are naturally protracted, the seem-
ing want of success, in the first stage of treatment, affords no evidence of a
lack of professional knowledge or skill.

Sec. 6. When a physician is called to an urgent case, because the family
attendant is not at hand, unless assistance in consultation is desired, the
former should resign the care of the patient immediately on the arrival of
the family physician.

Sec. 7. It often happens, in cases of sudden illness, and of accidents and
injuries, owing r.o the alarm and anxiety of friends, that several physicians
are simultaneously summoned. Under these circumstances, courtesy should
assign the patient to the first who arrives, and who, if necessary, may invoke
the aid of some of those present. In such cases, however, the acting physician
should request that the family physician be called, and should withdraw unless
requested to continue in attendance.

Sec. 8. Whenever a physician is called to the patient of another physician
during the enforced absence of that physician, the case should be relinquished
on the return of the latter.

Sec. 9. A physician, while visiting a sick person in the country, may be



682 MEDICAL SOCIETIES OF NEW YORK STATE.

asked to see another physician's patient because of a sudden aggravation of
the disease. On such an occasion the immediate needs of the patient should
be attended to and the case relinquished on the arrival of the attending
physician.

Sec. 10. When a physician who has been engaged to attend an obstetric case
is absent and another is sent for, delivery being accomplished during the
vicarious attendance, the acting physician is entitled to the professional fee,
but must resign the patient on the arrival of the physician first engaged.

ARTICLE V.— DIFFERENCES BETWEEN PHYSICIANS.

Section 1. Diversity of opinion and opposition of interest may, in the
medical as in other professions, sometimes occasion controversy and even
contention. Whenever such unfortunate cases occur and can not be immed-
iately adjusted, they should be referred to the arbitration of a sufficient
number of impartial physicians.

Sec. 2. A peculiar reserve must be maintained by physicians toward the
public in regard to some professional questions, and as there exist many
points in medical ethics and etiquette through which the feelings of physi-
cians may be painfully assailed in their intercourse, and which can not be
understood or appreciated by general society, neither the subject-matter of
their differences nor the adjudication of the arbitrators should be made
public.

ARTICLE VI.— COMPENSATION.

Section 1. By the members of no profession are eleemosynary services more
liberally dispensed than by the medical, but justice requires that some limits
should be placed to their performance. Poverty, mutual professional obliga-
tions, and certain of the public duties named in Sections 1 and 2 of Chapter
III should always be recognized as presenting valid claims for gratuitous
services; but neither institutions endowed by the public or by the rich, or by
societies for mutual benefit, for life insurance, or for analogous purposes, nor
any profession or occupation can be admitted to possess such privilege.

Sec.- 2. It cannot be justly expected of physicians to furnish certificates of
inability to serve on juries, or to perform militia duty; to testify to the
state of health of persons wishing to insure their lives, obtain pensions, or
the like, without due compensation. But to persons in indigent circumstances
such services should always be cheerfully and freely accorded.

Sec. 3. Some general rules should be adopted by the physicians in every
town or district relative to the minimum pecuniary acknowledgment from
their patients; and it should be deemed a point of honor to adhere to these
rules with as much uniformity as varying circumstances will admit.

Sec. 4. It is derogatory to professional character for physicians to pay or
offer to pay commissions to any person whatsoever who may recommend to
them patients requiring general or special treatment or surgical operations.
It is equally derogatory to professional character for physicians to solicit or
to receive such commissions.

CHAPTER III.— THE DUTIES OF THE PROFESSION TO THE PUBLIC.

Section 1. As good citizens it is the duty of physicians to be very vigilant
for the welfare of the community, and to bear their part in sustaining its
laws, institutions and burdens; especially should they be ready to. co-operate
with the proper authorities in the administration and the observance of sani-
tary laws and regulations, and they should also be ever ready to give counsel
to the public in relation to subjects especially appertaining to their profession,
as on questions of sanitary police, public hygiene and legal medicine.

Sec. 2. It is the province of physicians to enlighten the public in regard to
quarantine regulations; to the location, arrangement and dietaries of hos-
pitals, asylums, schools, prisons and similar institutions; in regard to meas-
ures for the prevention of epidemic and contagious diseases; and when pes-
tilence prevails, it is their duty to face the danger, and to continae their
labors for the alleviation of the suffering people, even at the risk of their
own lives.

Sec. 3. Physicians, when called on by legally constituted authorities, should



MEDICAL SOCIETIES OF NEW YORK STACK. 683

always be ready to enlighten Inquests and courts of justice on subjects strictly
medical, such as Involve questions relating to sanity, legitimacy, murder by
poison or other violent means, and various other subjects, embraced in the
science of medical jurisprudence. It is but just, however, for them to expect
due compensation for their services.

Sec 4 It is the duty of physicians, who are frequent witnesses of the
great wrongs committed by charlatans, and of the injury to health and even
destruction of life caused by the use of their treatment, to enlighten the pub-
lic on these subjects, and to make known the injuries sustained by the un-
wary from the devices and pretensions of artful impostors.

Sec 5 It is the duty of physicians to recognize and by legitimate patronage
to promote the profession of pharmacy, on the skill and proficiency of which
depends the reliability of remedies, but any pharmacist who, although edu-
cated in his own profession, is not a qualified physician, and who assumes
to prescribe for the sick, ought not to receive such countenance and support.
Any druggist or pharmacist who dispenses deteriorated or sophisticated drugs
or who substitutes one remedy for another designated in a prescription ought
thereby to forfeit the recognition and influence of physicians.

Frank Billings, President. George H. Simmons, Secretary.



ECLECTIC MEDICAL SOCIETY OF THE STATE OF NEW

YORK. „ _ ,

OFFICERS.— C. W. Brandenburg, Pres. ; T. D. Adlerman, 1st Vice-Pres.; 6. J.
Olsson 2d Vice-Pres.; J. R. Thompson, 3d Vice-Pres., E. H. King, Rec. Sec,
Saratoga Springs; W. L. Heeve, Cor. Sec, New York; D. N. Bulson, Treas.

HOMEOPATHIC MEDICAL SOCIETY OF THE STATE OF
NEW YORK.— Annual meeting in Albany the second Tuesday and Wednes-
day in February, 1911.

OFFICERS — W. H. Hodge, Niagara Falls, Pres.; H. G. Keith, Yonkers, 1st Vice-
Pres.- A. R. Grant, Utica, 2d Vice-Pres.; J. V. H. Baker, Brooklyn, 3d Vice-Pres.;
B. B.' Clark, 6 W. 129th st., N. Y. City, Sec; R. B. Howland, Elmira, Treas.

ALBANY COUNTY HOMOEOPATHIC SOCIETY.— Annual meeting the second
Thursday in March, 1911.

OFFICERS.— C. R. Green, Pres., Troy; A. A. Vibbard, Vice-Pres., Albany; H. D.
Cochrane, Sec, Albany; F. J. Cox, Treas., Albany.

BROOME COUNTY HOMOEOPATHIC SOCIETY.— Meets third Thursday in each
month. Annual meeting in June.

OFFICERS.— J. F. Roe, Pres., Binghamton; C. A. Ward. 1st Vice-Pres., Bing-
hamton: C. S. Winters, 2d Vice-Pres., Binghamton; G. F. Harris, Sec. and Treas.,
Binghamton.

CHENANGO COUNTY HOMOEOPATHIC SOCIETY.— Annual meeting third Tues-
day in January, at Norwich.

OFFICERS.— R. F. Miller, Pres., Oxford; William Little, Vice-Pres., Sherburne;
F. E. Roper, Sec. and Treas., Norwich.

KINGS COUNTY HOMOEOPATHIC SOCIETY.— Annual meeting in Brooklyn second
Tuesday in January.

OFFICERS.— H. B. Minton, Pres.; R. I. Lloyd, Vice-Pres.; R. Upham, Sec,
300 McDonough St., Brooklyn; S. W. Pallister, Treas.

MADISON COUNTY HOMOEOPATHIC SOCIETY.— Annual meeting at Oneida
fourth Tuesday in June.

Officers.— W. E. Deuel, Pres., Canastota; B. R. Gifford, Vice-Pres.; J. T. Wal-
lace, Sec. and Treas., Oneida.

MONROE COUNTY HOMOEOPATHIC SOCIETY.— Annual meeting at Rochester
second Tuesday in December.

OFFICERS.— W. W. Winans, Pres.; E. C. Cook, Vice-Pres.; D. B. Jewett, Sec.
and Treas., 219 Alexander st., Rochester.



684 MEDICAL SOCIETIES OF NEW YORK STATE.

NEW YORK COUNTY HOMOEOPATHIC MEDICAL SOCIETY.— Annual meeting
second Thursday in December. Monthly meetings second Thursdays at 17 W.
43d st.

OFFICERS.— W. F. Honan, Pies. ; E. P. Swift, Vice-Pres.; J. S. Gaines, Sec,
200 W. 71st St.; A. H. Bingham, Treas.

ONONDAGA COUNTY HOMOEOPATHIC SOCIETY.— Annual meeting first Tuesday

in May, in Syracuse.

OFFICERS.— 6. J. Gannett, Pies.; E. P. Hall, Vice-Pres. ; E. R. Sprague, Sec.
and Treas., 501 Fayette Park, Syracuse.

OSWEGO COUNTY HOMOEOPATHIC SOCI ETY.— Annual meeting second Tuesday
in June, at Oswego.

OFFICFRS.— C. W. Radway, Pros.; N. H. Haviland, Vice-Pres.; R. C. Scott, Sec.
and Treas., 501 Midland av., Syracuse.

WESTCHESTER COUNTY HOMOEOPATHIC SOCIETY.— Annual meeting last
Wednesday in October, at Yonkers.

OFFICERS.— H. L. Coles, Pres., Tarrytown; J. Beattie, Vice-Pres., Dobbs Ferry;
S. A. Beckwith, Sec. and Treas., Yonkers.

CENTRAL, NEW YORK ALUMNI ASSOCIATION OF AL-
HANY MEDICAL, COLLEGE.

OFFICERS. — I. S. Edsall, Pres., Middleville; F. H. Brewer, Sec, Utica; W. C.
Kellogg, Treas., Syracuse.

CENTRAL NEW YORK MEDICAL ASSOCIATION.-Organ-
ized January 29, 1868, for advancement of medical science and promotion
of professional intercourse among practitioners of the district. Requirements
for membership are: Attendance upon two consecutive meetings as delegate
from a "regular" county or city medical society, or from a hospital, asylum,
or medical college within the district. Other counties may join. Meets third
Tuesday in October, at Rochester, Buffalo and Syracuse. Auburn by special
invitation only.

OFFICERS.— F. G. Sears, Pres., Syracuse; C. A. Greenleaf, Sec, Steuben Sani-
tarium, Hornell; C. 0. Boswell, Treas., Rochester.

HOMOEOPATHIC MEDICAL SOCIETY of Dutchess, Orange aud
Ulster. F. A. Jacobson, Sec, Newburgh.

LAKE KEUKA MEDICAL AND SURGICAL ASSOCIATION.

— Meets Thursday and Friday in July, nearest the full moon.

OFFICERS.— R. R. Fitch, Pres., Rochester; C. L. Stiles, Vice-Pres., Owego ;
H. B. Nichols, Sec. and Treas., Syracuse.

NEW YORK AND NEW ENGLAND ASSOCIATION OF
RAILWAY SURGEONS.— Organized in 1891. Every member is employed
as surgeon of a railway company. Meets annually the middle of November at
New York Academy of Medicine, 17 W. 43d st. , N. Y. City.

OFFICERS.— L. M. Bingham, Pres., Burlington, Vt. ; F. A. Goodwin, 1st Vice-
Pres., Binghamton, N. Y. ; W. Lathrop, 2d Vice-Pres., Hazelton, Pa.; G. Chaffee,
Cor. Sec, 358 47th st., Brooklyn, N. Y. ; C. A. Pease, . Rec Sec, Burlington, Vt. ;
J. K. Stockwell, Treas., Osw* go.

NORTHERN NEW YORK MEDICAL ASSOCIATION.-Organ-

ized 1870, incorporated 1888, for the advancement of science, elevation of the
standard of medical education, promotion and care of public health, and
mutual improvement. Requirements for membership are: Membership in the
County Society where the applicant resides in the State of New York or
regularly qualified physicians of other States or of Canada. Meets second
Tuesday in October at a place chosen at a previous meeting; this year at
Norwood, N. Y.

OFFICERS.— W. C. Smith, Pres.; P. F. Dalphin, Vice-Pres.; A. G. Wilding, Sec,
Malone; G. H. Oliver, Treas.

TRI-COUNTY MEDICAL SOCIETY.-Comprises the counties of

Allegany and Cattaraugus, New York and McKean. Pa.

The officers of the meetings are the officers of the County Medical Societies
in turn.



MEDICAL SOCIETIES OF NEW YORK STATE 685

WOMEN'S MEDICAL SOCIETY OF XEW YORK STATE.-

Organized March 11. 1907.

OFFICERS. — M. B. Jewett, Pres., New York; G. P. Murray, 1st Vice-Pres., New
York: M. C. Potter, 2d Vice-Pres., Rochester; H. J. C. Kuhlmann, 3d Vice-Pres.,
Buffalo; E. P. Ballintlne, Sec, Rochester; H. M. Turner, Treas., Rochester.

AMSTERDAM.
AMSTERDAM CITY MEDICAL SOCIETY.— Monthly meeting first
Tuesday in each month. Annual meeting first Tuesday in January.
OFFICERS.— H. W. Murphy, Pies.; J. Schiller, Vice-Pres.; R. J. Knapp, Sec. &

Treas.

AUBURN.

AlBIRN CITY MEDICAL SOCIETY'.— Meets second Thursday
evening of each month. Annual meeting in June.

OFFICERS.— W. S. Cheesman, Pres.; L. F. O'Neill, Vice-Pres.; L. H. Clark.
Sec. &. Treas.

BINGHAMTON.
BINGHAMTON ACADEMY' OF MEDICINE.— Organized in 1854.
Membership: Regular practitioners of medicine and surgery in Binghamton
and vicinity. Meets third Tuesday evening of each month, except June, July
and August, at the Public Library, Binghamton. Annual meeting in September.
OFFICERS.— J. S. Kelly, Pres.; F. H. Goodwin, Vice-Pres.; F. L. Allen, Sec;
H. I. Johnston, Treas.

BUFFALO.
BUFFALO ACADEMY' OF MEDICINE.— Organized May 17, 1892,
by the amalgamation of the Buffalo Medical and Surgical Association, Ob-
stetrical Society, Pathological Society and Clinical Society for the promotion
of the science and art of medicine. Maintains a medical library and a
museum. Members must be graduates in medicine in active practice for two
years and residents of Buffalo. Surgeons and medical officers of the
U. S. Armv, Navy and Marine Hospital Service, and physicians residing outside
of the Citv'of Buffalo, may be admitted as non-resident fellows. Annual dues,
%5 for resident fellows; $3 for non-resident fellows. Meets Tuesday evenings at
Academy Parlors. Public Library Building, Broadway and Washington St.,
except "during June, July, August, and September. Annual meeting in June.
OFFICERS. — C. C. Frederich, Pres.; H. R. Trick, Sec, 605 Elmwood av. ; L.
Hendee, Treas.

BUFFALO GENERAL HOSPITAL ALUMNI ASSOCIATION.
—Organized 1902. Meets at Buffalo annually.

OFFICERS.— J. W. Putnam, Pres.; F. C. Busch, Vice-Pres.; T. Wright, Sec. and
Treas., 152 Allen st.

BUFFALO MEDICAL CLUB.— Organized in 1875 for the reading of
papers and discussion, followed by lunch and social intercourse. Meets at
residences of members on the third Wednesday of each month, except July
and August. Annual meeting in May. A chairman is elected to preside at
each meet! ig.

OFFICER.- -P. W. van Peyma, Sec. and Treas., 242 Norwood av.
BUFFALO OPHTHALMOLOGICAL CLUB.- Meets second Thurs-
day evening of each month, except June, July and August.
OFFICERS.— L. M. Francis, Sec, 482 Delaware av., Buffalo, N. Y.
^ESCULAPIAN CLUB OF BUFFALO.— Organized 1898, for the care-
ful consideration of subjects having to do with the science of medicine, and
the promotion of social intercourse. Membership limited to twenty-five
Meets third Thursday of each month, except May, June, July and August.

OFFICERS.— I. W. Potter, Pres.: W. G. Bissell, Vice-Pres.; C. M. Brown, Sec.
158 No. Pearl st. ; A. J. Colton, Treas.

THE 3IEDICAL UNION.— Organized in 1883. Regular meetings fourth
Wednesday in each month, except July and August. Annual meeting in
January.

OFFICERS.— H. C. Buswell, Pres.; W. G. Bissell, Vice-Pres.; F. B. Rasbach,
Sec. and Treas., 172 Allen st.



686 MEDICAL SOCIETIES OF NEW YORK STATE.

PRACTITIONERS' CLUR.— Meets first Thursday evening of each
month, from September to June, inclusive.

OFFICERS.— G. A. Sloan, Pres. ; H. K. DeGroat, Vice-Pres. ; L. E. Curtice, Sec.
and Treas., 385 West Ferry st.

ROSWELL PARK MEDICAL. CLUR.— Meets first Monday of each
month.

OFFICERS.— J. E. King, Pres.; C. E. Bentz, Vice-Pres.; A. T. Lytle, Sec, 200



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